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BIRMINGHAM STATE HERALD.
* * * '*,** JP — r • — • ■ — " • r 7 r— : : ^ “ ' VOLUME 22r. BIRMINGHAM. ALA., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1895, NUMBER. 12. THE WEEKLY* REVIEW Dun and Bradstreet Still Trying to Explain THE GENERAL DEPRESSION One Says It Is the Weather, the Other Don’t Know. AN INCREASE OF FAILURES REPORTED Bessemer Pig, Steel Billets, WTieat, Corn, Oats, Pork, LarcL, Coffee, Cotton, Hides, Petroleum and Cattle Show a Marked Decline in Prices. r V • • '■-» New York, Nov. 22.—Bradstreet's to morrow will say: The check to general trade, which has been conspicuous for the past few weeks, still continues. Unseasonably mild weather and rains have intensified this feature, which is more conspicuous south, where the decline in the price of cotton and consequent check to ship ments are held to be partly responsible. But the demand for staples increases on the appearance of seasonable cold weather, the result being larger orders for woolens, shoes, rubbers and holiday specialties. Complaints are made in Texas of re duced shipments of cotton and crop es timates; these are again lowered. This is tn contrast to later reports of the prob able size of the wheat crop, which now place the amount nearly 100.000 bushels larger than the crop report last spring. While perhaps textile manufacturers are fairly well employed they declare It is without material profits. Wool re mains quiet with a fair inquiry, although manufacturers are not adding to stock. Uncertainty as to prices of leather checks and buying of shoes by retailers depresses the manufacturing In dustry. There is less demand for Iron and steel, and prices for standard varie ties are lower, about one-half of the year's advance having been lost. Business failures show another marked increase, numbering 323 throughout the United States, against 297 last week, 295 in the week a year ago and 368 In the third week of November, 1893. The bulk of the Increase is in the middle and west ern states. Notwithstanding continued evidence of a moderate reduction in the volume of business In recent weeks the total value of bank clearings continues of large pro portions— 31,126.000,000—which, while It is 3.7 per cent less than last week is fully 10 per cent larger than In the correspond ing week last year, nearly 18 per cent larger than in the third week of Novem ber, 1893, and 2 per cent more than in the corresponding week of 1892. No less silking than a week ago Is the comparatively long list of decreases of prices for staples, among them Besse mer pig iron and steel billets, wheat, corn, oats, pork, lard and coffee, among food products, and cotton, petroleum, hides and live cattle and hogs. Practi cally unchanged quotations are reported for turpentine and rostn, tobacco, leath er, lumber and coal. Net railway earnings Reported to Brad Btreet’s by roads, representing 75 per cent of the railroad earning capacity of the country, point to a steadily sustain ed growth in the volume of net receipts for nine months of the year, as com pared with a year ago. Gold shipments to Europe this week have been very heavy, amounting to 37,275,000. The outflow of specie was ap parently swollen by calling In balances due In Europe by bankers here. Foreign political conditions have been Improved, but their efforts supplemented the dis turbing effects of the gold movement in the New York stock market. New York. Nov. 22.—R G. Dunn & Co. will say tomorrow In their weekly re view of trade: Failures for the first half of November amount to $6,143,808 In liabilities, against $5,602,303 last year and $7,248,279 in 1893. Failures for the week have been 320 In the United States, against 322 last year, and forty-two in Canada, against thirty one last year. Reaction in business there Is none. Efforts to explain It or to at tribute It to this or that temporary In fluence are wasted. When stocks bought In advance of consumption have been ■worked off men will be able to Judge the cause. Final distribution is to be ex pected and meanwhile prices are de pressed by the selling of quantities bought for speculation by the pressure of stocks, for which consumers have not yet been found, and by the idea that prices may go still lower. Gold exports have been lowering, amounting to $2,257,000 last week, and presumably to $7,350,000 this week, but are rather a result than a cause of ex isting conditions. A little selling of American stocks on European account has followed forced releasing in foreign stocks, but the new compact of trunk lines promises better earnings for rail ways, though It has no speculative ef fect, and that with the corn carrying roads are doing especially well. Earn ings for the first half of November are the best reported for years, showing a gain of 10.6 per cent over last year and only 8 per cent decrease compared with 1892. Products are lower, without disturbance or sign of panic. The cotton market has been assisted alt the week by small re ceipts and remarkably stiff statements of scarcity, but has gained a sixteenth, though some think short receipts were deliberately organized by planters. It begins to be a decisive fact that exports are small partly because stocks abroad are heavy and partly because the manu facturer abroad does not find a market for the usual quantity of goods, the Brit ish being especially embarrassed. In this country the cotton manufac turer has fared better than most others, escaping an excessive rise and the re sulting decline. While some prices were marked too high while cotton was above 9 cents, most goods are held at quoted prices, and the mills generally have or ders to cover work Into next year, but It Is becoming a question whether retail distribution has kept pace with manufac turers' orders or with sales to retailers. Iron and steel products are lower, av eraging 1 per cent for the week and 7 per cent from the highest. Bessemer, anthracite No. 1 and barbing quoted lower, while sales below quotations are frequent. There Is frequent competition for orders, most works having little ahead, and new business is remarkably email. Structural work is out down by the strike of house workers here, and quite a number of mills, principally bar. have stopped within a few days. The as sociation reaffirms prices, but do not sell enough to keep works busy. Chess Champion Pillabury Bails. New York, Nov. 22.—Harry Wilson Pillsbury, the winner of the Hastings chess tournament, sailed Tuesday for Southampton on the steamer New York, whence he is going to Petersburg to par ticipate in the match between the win ners of the first, second, third and fifth prices, these being besides himself Messrs. Tschlgorin, Lasker and Steinifz. The Winner of the fourth prize. Dr. Tur rasch. Is prevented by professional en gagements from Joining the great bat tle. Kaeh player la to contest four games with every other player, thus giving to each party the first move twice, so thar the question of pre-eminence will, for the present at least, be settled. There is no doubt that the games will be the best ever played, each contestant being a tower of strength. The Direst Poverty Prevails. St. John's, N. F.. Nov. 22.—The execu tive council met last night and decided to release the convicted smugglers upon the payment of fines ranging from $75 to $700, according to the gravity of the of fense. The offer was communicated to the prisoners today and they all re fused to pay any amounts, preferring to serve the balance of their terms of im prisonment. The government will give them until Monday to decide which al ternative they will nccept, intimating that no further clemency to them will be given. The Telegram, the government organ, admits the existence of the direst pover ty in this city. It believes that great destitution will prevail during the com ing winter. PROMINENT BROOKLYNITES. Eight Car Loads of Them Are Now at the Exposition—They Will Participate in Manhattan Day. Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 22.—About 8 O’clock a special train of eight Pullman coaches, containing the Brooklyn delegation, came to the city. Among the party are Murat Halstead of the Standard Union, St. Clair McKelway of the Eagle, who Is to be the orator of Brooklyn day; Mayor Charles W. Schieren, Mayor-elect Fred erick W. Wurster, Edward Barr of the Brooklyn bridge, William C. Bryant of the Brooklyn Times, C. A. Haveland, William Berrln of the Standard Union, Timothy L. Woodruff, chairman of the citizens' committee; Park Commissioner Frank Squire, Police Commissioner Welles, Senator Eugene O'Conner and Thomas W. Pearsall. There are many ladles In the party. The ceremonies to morrow will begin at 10:30 a. m. The Brooklynites will remain over un til Monday to take part In the exercises of Manhattan day at he exposition. Eleven Train Loads of New Yorkers. Eleven train loads of New Yorkers have been arriving here one after an other this afternoon. They come to cel ebrate New York day, which occurs on Monduy, the 25th. and are here thus early in order to take part In the exer cises of Brooklyn day at the exposition tomorrow. New York has looked on quietly at Chicago's demonstration, and now seems to be prepared to eclipse all previous efforts. A committee of thirty is In charge of the social functions In preparation In honor of New York day, and money Is being lavished on the dec oration of the Kimball house with flow ers. Mr. Warren Leland, the manager of the hotel, says arrangements are be ing made for the most brilliant reception ever given In the south. The New York ers have said little of their arrangements In advance, but they are doing things In princely style. This morning a freight train arrived wdth 150 beautiful horses belonging to Squadron "A,” which will be the escort of Mayor Strong on Mon day. The following committee of New York business men Is in charge of the ar rangements for Manhattan day: Hon. W. L. Strong, chairman; James Stillman, treasurer; J. Seaver Page, John C. Edmes, secretaries; George Milmlne, Thomas H. Gilroy, H. L. Horton, Isadore Straus, George L. Putnam, George E. Armstrong, Walter Stanton, John Sloane, George C. Clarke, E. A. McAlpin, John P. Townsend, Samuel Spencer,C. C. Shayne, Austin Nichols, E. R. Ladew, C. H. Ten ny, Thomas Williams, William P. Clyde, Peter A. Franklin, Col. Daniel Appleton, S. S. Packard, Albert C. Hall, Samuel W. Fairchild, C. H. Webb, F. B. Arnold, William Steinway, A. G. Paine and John A. McCall. Monday morning at 10 o’clock Mayor Strong and party will be escorted to the exposition by Squadron “A” and will hold the opening exercises In the New York building. These will consist of an address of welcome by Mayor King of Atlanta and a response by Mayor Strong of New York. An oration will be deliv ered by President Seth Low of Colum bia coilege. In the evening a brilliant reception will be given to the people of Atlanta by the New Yorkers at the Kim ball house, and Invitaions for 3000 or 4000 have been sent out. The Gridiron Club Entertained. Tonight the Gridiron club formed a special theater party at he Columbia, where they witnessed the new patriotic opera. "The Patriots.” The house was decorated In honor of the newspaper men and the fair women who were their guests. They evinced deep interest In the opera with its historical theme. BOTH SIDES ARE FIRM. AH Effort* To Arbitrate the Strike Have So Far Failed. New York. Nov. 22.—The emphatic re fusal of the Iron league to meet the com mittee of the union housesmtth’s and brldgemen's union, it was believed by both sides this morning, has dispelled nny hopes that may have been entertain ed of a settlement of the strike from that quarter. Both sides remain Just as firm ly aetlled in their positions today as they have been all the week. The state board of arbitration has now gpren up the attempt to arbitrate the strike. Commissioner Purcell left the Murrayhlll hotel this morning for his home In Rochester. The Iron work on all of the eighteen buildings affected by the strike was tightly tied up this morn ing The bricklayers and stone masons were busy on all of the buildings, but they will be forced to quit If the strike lasts much longer for the reason that the wall Is but an outer shell and cannot be built above the iron frames. President Levy said today that np attempts to em ploy non-union men on the buildings had been reported. _ _ ■Rev. Bmith Adjudged Insane. Boston, Nov. 22.—The case of Rev. Frank Smith came up in the United States circuit court today before Judge Nelson, on the question of the sanity of Mr Smith Lawyer Hopkins of Smith's counsel, read the suggestion, which states that Rev. Frank Smith was In sane at the time of his Indictment for sending scurrillous and defamatory pos tal cards through'the malls. His counsel admitted that SmlftTwrote the cards and sent them. Witnesses were then called who testified to the symptoms of Insani ty In Mr. Smith's case. The court ad judged the defendant Insane, ajnd he will be taken to the government asylum at Washington. EUGENE V, DEBS IS FREE A Scene of Wild Enthusiasm at the Jail. DRAGGED FROM THE STEPS Raised High in the Air and Passed From [Hand to Hand. HE WAS WELCOMED BY GOVERNOR WAITE _ gj On tho March From the Prison to the Train 1 He Was Given a Grand Ovation and His Path Was Strewn With Flowers. Chicago, Nov. 22.—Eugene V. Debs for ' five minutes this afternoon was literally in the "hands of his friends." It was Just after the arrival of the train load of enthusiastic admirers of this great strike leader at the little town of Woodstock, where he again breathed the air of free dom for the first time for a half a year. They had marched from the railroad de pot to the Jail, and Debs stood upon the steps awaiting them. There was prelim inary thunder of hurrahs, and then the storm of bottled-up admiration broke, and there was a scene which has hardly ever been duplicated in the annals of labor affairs. Without giving hifn a chance to speak the crowd rushed wildly upon their hero, dragged him from the steps and in a few moments had him ihigh in the air. Those who had the good fortune to reach him first were allowed the privilege of holding him, and he passed from hand to hand, while all the others struggled to get near him. A casual spectator might have taken the whole scene for one of mighty battles between rival football teams, and have imagined that Debs had the ball. The crowd kept up a constant calling and the band played on, selecting as their theme “See. the Conquering Hero Comes.” Debs took it all in the good-natured spirit in which it was meant, and when he was put down began a handshaking soiree that lasted until the train was nearly ready to start. A luncheon had been provided for his friends, but everybody was so busy with congratulations that few had a chance to taste the sand wiches which constituted the menu. They arrived at Woodstock at 5 o’clock, being filled with labor delegates and persona] friends of Mr. Debs—about 500 of them in all. They occupied six cars. The Building Trades association, the Trades and Labor assembly and other lo cal associations were represented, though there were many in these associations who failed to lend their countenance to the demonstration. The only one of the other eight directors of the American Railway union who was present was William Burns of Chicago. Among those who went to Woodstock was Governor Waite of Colorado. He came all the way from Denver to be presnt. There was a notable scene when he and Debs met. Debs threw his arms around the aged executive’s neck and said in a tremulous voice: "God bless you, my boy." The governor seemed equally overcome. He made some commonplace remarks about being glad to see him again, and then the two men fell to chat ting on the subjects nearest the hearts of both. The march to the train was like the triumphal entry of a ruler fortunate in war rather than the welcome of a man found guilty in the eyes of the law. The music Was “The Marseillaise,” and the streets were black with hundreds of cit izens of McHenry county, standing an kle deep In the snow to catch a glimpse of the central figure of the day. Fully half of the spectators were women and some brought flowers and threw them at Debs. Coming back to Chicago on the train Debs was obliged to walk twice through all the cars and shake hands with every occupant. When the delegation reached Chicago another del egation was waiting at the News depot and the scene at Woodstock was dupli cated In milder colors. From the depot the line of march was taken up to Battery D, and although a miserable drizzle was dropping the streets were filled with spectators, who joined the marchers. TURKS NOT THE CAUSE. An American Living in Turkey Comes to Their Rescue. Boston, Mass., Nov. 22.—“The Turks are not the cause of the Armenian trou bles,” was the statement made by Mr. David Offley this evening to a reporter. Mr. Offley is an American who has spent all his life in the dominion of the sultan. His headquarters Is Smyrna, Turkey, in Asia, where he is engaged in the fruit business. He is in Boston now on business. Mr. Offley attributed the troubles to the ambitions of the Armen ians in aspiring to Independence. When ever a body of them has organized for effective work, he says, their plans have always been disclosed by some traitor among their own number. A British Turkish government, on the promise of some of the positions, has always been sufficient to buy some Armenian. Then the Turks proceeded to suppress the treason that has been now attributed to the Armenian subjects. Many of the massacres have been committed by Kurds, who are roaming robbers. The massacres were committed in the past on the Christians, or rather for the love of pillage, and Mr. Offley says there Is a vein of treachery in most Armenians, yet there are exceptions to the rule, and he knows of some Armenian firms in Smyrna that he would place as high if not higher than the English firms. He says the missionaries do an Immense amount of good and are a splendid body of people. Mr. Offley added: “From the knowledge of Turkey I would say they are among the most hos pitable and kind people I have ever come across during my travels In Asia Minor, where I have lived for a long time. That does not agree, I know, with the majority of the reports about them, but I speak as I find them. I will say that In my humble opinion the Turks are not entirely the cause of the trouble.” He Shot the Officer. Vevay, Ind., Nov. 22.—About 9 o’clock last night Officer Knox arrested a man named Taylor and was on his way to Jail when Taylor drew a revolver and fired, killing Knox instantly. Taylor fled and made his ecape. The officers sent to Warsaw for bloodhounds. They arrived here tkl? morning and are now ; on the track of the fugitive. If caught I Ja It thought Taylor will be lynched. FOUR BRAVE FIRE LADDIES Were Buried Under Tons of Falling Wreckage, ONE GIRL WAS ALSO KILLED A Dozen Men, Women and Children Narrowly Escaped Death. ' THE PROPERTY LOSS WAS QUITE HEAVY The Fire Swept Through the Dry Goods and Woolen Exchange Building and Destroyed $400,000 Worth of Property. Chicago, Nov. 22.—A fire, disastrous to life and property, swept through the dry goods and woolen exchange building this morning. Five firemen, in the active discharge of their duties and totally un mindful of danger, were carried through a floor and burled under tons of wreck age from the five floors above. Four of the men lie dead, but the fifth was not seriously Injured. One girl fell from a window and received Injuries from which she died. A dozen other men, women and girls were hurt or overcome by smoke and many were rescued from Im minent death. The property loss to the building at 215 and 217 Vanburen street, and 276 and 278 Franklin street, and con tents is estimated at $400,000. The dead are: Patrick J. O’Donnell, lieutenant of En gine company No. 2. TJiomas J. Prendergast, pipeman. Martin Sherrock, pipeman. John Downs, pipeman. Kate Landgraf, employed in A. Stern & Co.’s garter factory. Among the Injured were: Daniel McNally, pipeman, removed to St. Luke's hospital; sprained leg and bruises. OJga Keller, leg and arm injured. Nellie Turner, fell from fourth story window and seriously hurt. Harry O’Neill, arm broken and back Injured. John Bruenhelmer, badly Injured by falling from fourth story while assisting girls to escape. The others who were Injured were girls and spectators who saved them, all being overcome by smoke, but they soon recov ered after medical treatment at hos pitals or their homes. All the dead and Injured firemen were members of Engine company No. 2. Their captain, Lewis Flenne, escaped the awful plunge to death only by hanging to the wall of a window on the second floor -Until released from his perilous tion by firemen on a ladder. He owner of the burned building is Kubne, Nathan & Fisher, the firm whose factory and warehouse are at Vanbu ren and Franklin streets, opposite the scene of death and destruction. The following firms were burned out In the “L” shaped building, which was one of the most fire-proof and ornamental In the whole same business district: D. H. Arnold, linings and clothiers' supplies; 8. Hosenberg, wholesale tailors’ trim mings; Stern & Belers, wholesale cloth ing; S. Bernheimer’s samples cotton goods; Louis M. Barnett, tailor; the Dime Lunch company; Waring Bros., carpet soap; J. G. Rallfleldt, samples, buttons; Abe Fink, notions and fancy goods; Too tal, Broadliurst, Lee & Co., wholesale cotton and woolen goods; N. O. Rechman & Co., wholesale clothing; Arhold Wolf, fancy and gentlemen’s furnishing goods; W. L. Lowenbach, manufacturers’ agents; Branham Bros. & Co., samples woolens; M. Klein, samples clothing; Philip Klein, matches; C. S. Mahoney & Co.i samples notions; A. Stein, manu facturers of garters; J: Rothschild & Co., whblesale clothing: Stevens, Sanford & Handy, samples ,'lothlng: Klotz, Velth & Co., samples buttons; Fellows & Co., wholesale linen collars and cuffs; S. D. Stryker, manufacturers’ agent; Kalama zoo Pants and Overcoat company; A. M. Liebensteln, wholesale silk handker chiefs: E. F. Lonacher, wholesale cot ton goods; Assenhelm & Reich, samples clothing; Judah Bros., samples cloaks and suits; F. Butterfield & Co., samples cloths; A. Robinson & Co., samples wool ens; Leavitt & Mitchell Bros., samples cloths; Centersville Manufacturing com pany, plush cloths; S. Einstein, agent; Louis Friedman, samples clothing; S. Woerthelmer & Co., samples; Erie But ton works, samples; S. Kahn, advertising novelties; D. Rosenkranz. gentlemon s furnishings; Othomen, Dyer & South wick, samples cloths; Military News Publishing company, composing room; National Thread company; Hamnlond, Knowlton & Co., wholesale thread; Y. Hellesoe, Rubber Type company; Town send & Son. wholesale hosiery and un derwear- S. Ploslnzsky, fur garment manufacturer; M. Delee. tailor; Hlnch & Ould, samples of cloths. The loss on the building Is $100,000. al most covered by Insurance. The aggre gate loss of the many tenants Is placed at $300,000. the heaviest individual losers being Stein & Belrs, $75,000. The fire started at 9:13 o clock on the fourth floor of the seven-story building In the garter factory of Stein & Co., where many girls were at work. Two o* these, Kate Landgraf and Nellie Tur ner Jumped from the windows of the foul-tfc floor to the sidewalk. The others were helped down by the firemen and by Jlahn Brueneheimer. The latter fell hlm eelf after all the girls were out of the building and was badly hurt. The Janitor thinks the fire was in candiary and accused a man named Buel, whileother occupants of the building say tw fire originated In a little room on thef third:floor used In the making of papier mache forms. No arrest has been made. Shortly after 1 o'clock came the second tragedy of the fire. The flames had been, practically extinguished and the firemen of Ehgine No. 2 company were ordered to the fourth floor in the rear to put out any incipient blaze that might be found, mu^h of the contents In that part of the building only being water soaked. Not one of the veteran firemen, from Chief Sweeney down, imagined there was any danger from falling floors. The unfor tunate men had taken their hose from the fourth to the second floor, and, fire being found. Captain Feene went to the window on the north and was In the act of shouting to Peter Hart, the driver of the company, to shut off the water when! the fatal cr3sh came. From the top floor came like an ava lanche tona of timber, fire proof tiling, merchandise, safes, radiators, fixtures from the different offices and a mass of other stuff on the heads and on all sides of the firemen, who put duty before safe ty. An Immense hole was made In the roar end of the second floor from the root down, great masses of debris hanging on the edges of the opening. A cry of hoi' ror arose from civilians and firemen, mingled with »the artillery-like roar of the collapse. Captain Feene clung for dear life to the window sill until rescued, and then bravely Joined the small band of res cuers whom Chief Sweeney tent to tho debris. Only one faint voice was heard, that of McNally. All the others had probably been killed Instantly. After half an hour’s work the men. who were in danger every minute of more flooring falling on them, extricated McNally, and the others were given up for -dead. Streams of water were poured on the ruins from all parts on account of the fire breaking out and to save the bodies from being burned. Ail the dead firemen were married men and leave large fam ilies. The work of recovering the bodies was continued throughout the night. A Negro Lyncht d. Savannah. Ga., Nov. 22.—A Morning News special from Warrenton. Ga., says: People coming In from Gibson, In Glassock county, today report the lynch ing of a negro named Balam Hancock last night by a mob of enraged citizens for an attempted outrage on Miss Bessie Shelton, a white girl, 17 years old. The young lady and her little sister had gone out hunting hickory nuts one mile from their home. They were met by th* black brutie, iwho attempted to assault the elder girl, hut the screams of the younger sister frightened him and he disappeared In the woods. He was captured m Jef ferson county and taken before the young ladles, who identified him fully. He was carried to jail by the sheriff and last night the mob broke, open the jail and lynched him near the scene of the crime. TWO FARMERS FLEECED. Confidence Men Show Them the Town and Take Their Money for the Pains. Mobile, Nov. 22.—(Special.)—Eli Guy and Stephen McLeod, two well-to-do planters of Clark county, came to Mo bile yesterday afternoon for the purpose of selling their cotton. When the fleecy staple had been disposed of and a goodly roll pocketed, the festive farmers started out for a general good time. They had not long been in the tenderloin district of the city when they met A1 Kidd, who calls himself a turfman from Evansville, Ind., and Frank Hale from Tampa, Fla. Straightway they made friends, and at 3 o'clock this morning, in the Crystal Palace, a notorious dance hall on St. Michael street, Kidd approached Guy with the confidential information that It was dangerous for him to be in such a place with so much money and suggested that he would take his purse and wait for him on the outside. Guy did not hesitate to deliver over his wealth to the amount of $145, And was very much surprised on going out of the house to find that Kidd had disappeared. He waited about the place for nearly half an hour for the man’s return, but he never came back. The matter was re ported at police headquarters and the confidence . mpn were captured Just as they were In the act of taking a train at the union depot. The money was re covered and both the men are In Jail. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Several Important Questions Settled—The End Is Drawing Near. Columbia, S. C., Nov. 22.—The conven tion has provided that there shall hence forth be four instead of three supreme court judges, to be elected by the legis lature as heretofore, having terms of eight years, Instead of six, as at present. By a vote of 09 to 66 the convention re fused to allow them to be elected by the people. This evening and tonight the commit tee did good work In the convention. It managed to get the article on Judicial department through to a third reading, and at a late hour tonight a second read ing was given the article on eminent do main and the ordinance providing for the payment of the January Interest on the state bonds and providing for the payment of the expenses of the conven tion. The end is now drawing near. This evening the convention refused to make the circuit judges' election by the people, but decided that their term of office should be four years, and passed a section providing for the establish ment of county courts by the legislature. Senator Tillman had this section put in the article: "The courts shall give to divorces from the bonds of matrimony heretofore or after granted by the courts of other states of the union the same force and effect in this state as in the states where granted; provided that the marriage cer emony was actually performed outside of the limits of this state and there was one of the contracting parties who was neither a resident of this state nor of South Carolina at the time of the cere mony. THE KNIGHTS ADJOURN To Meet in Rochester Next Yoar—Several Questions Settled. Washington, Nov. 22.—The general as sembly Knights of Labor adjourned at 7:30 this evening to meet at Rochester, N. Y., on the first Tuesday after the sec ond Monday In November, 1896. The press committee of the general assem bly was directed to send a telegram to Mr. Debs, adressed to Battery D, Chi cago. Their telegram read: ‘‘The general assembly of Knights of Labor halls with celebration your re lease from Illegal imprisonment as the beginning of a grand public uprising of the whole people against the Introduction of autocratic czars With republican In stitutions. Consider us with you to the end.” Two delegates were appointed to the Farmers Alliance and Industrial union convention to be held in February, 1896. A resolution was adopted condemning, the governor of Idaho for forming three militia companies of aliens during the re cent Couer d’Aliene troubles. General Master Workman Sovereign was selected as a delegate to the International Labor convention in London, Eng., to be held in August next year, and T. J. O’Reilly of Brooklyn was selected to serve In bis place as proxy. The question of excluding the Japa nese from this country was laid on the table. It being held that such action would not be consistent, Inasmuch as the Knights of Labor believed In uni versal organizations. Resolutions were adopted protesting against the competition of marine’ and milt bands wdth citizens’ bands. With regard tu letter carriers, provid ing for four classes, with maximum pay at $1200 Instead of $1000 as aj present, and condemlng the Judiciary and favor ing amending the constitution so as to take the power of appointment from tfca. president. Resolutions were also adopted con demning the use of the militia in labor troubles and the circulation of national bank notes and advocatlfe the govern ment control of the highways. OUR GOLD ISjLYING OUT $4,555,000 Will Take Its De parture Today, ONLY $82,3r£,J00 REMAIN _ y All But the R’ ^ Cause Assigned By the ’ c-.sury Officials. / - THE COL' *jE OF THE KAFFIR BOOM jfc - And tb^®? oubles in the East Is Paid To Be at the Bottom of It-Why the Steam ship Horsa Was Released- Capt. Kowgate in the Pen. Washington, Nov. 22.—The release of the steamer Horsa, seized at Kingston, Jamaica, the other day for landing tili busterers in Cuba, is thus explained: The vessel sails Under the Danish flag, and as the offense charged against her was committed partly in the United States and partly in Cuban waters, the officials at Kingston concluded they had no Jurisdiction and released her. Secretary Herbert, us in the cases of Boston and New York, has declined the invitation of the Philadelphia chamber of commerce to attend their banquet on the 26th instant. Captain Howgate was today taken to Albany penitentiary to serve his sen tence of eight years for forgery and em bezzlement while ut the signal service of the army. The treasury department was informed early this morning that $5,000,000 in gold had been engaged for export to Europe on Saturday. Secretary Carlisle earned the information over to the White House when he went over at 11 o'clock to attend the usual Friday cabinet meeting. Hut later this afternoon Assistant Treasurer Morgan telegraphed Secretary Carlisle that the actual gold withdrawals today were $4,050,000, of which $1,000,000 was taken in gold coin and $3,050,000 in gold bars. With the $500,000 taken on Thursday this will make the gold exports tomorrow $4,550,000. Hazard Freres, who. early this morning, engaged $1,250, 000 for export, reduced their order .to $800,000. With this export the treasury gold reserve stands at the close of busi ness today at $82,350,000. Various causes are assigned by the treasury officials for the heavy gold ex ports at this time. Chief among them is the collapse of the Kaffir mining boom in South Africa. The eastern' troubles have also caused weakness in theHourscs In Paris, Berlin, Frankfort and London, leaving the New Tfork market Jhe only financial center where stocks and bonds could Ije’ sold without great sacrifice. As a result of realization on American securities held abroad, to make good losses sustained in speculation In South Africa, gold has to be shipped to meet such sales. Other reasons assigned aro the small export of cotton and the large tanport of foreign goods, together with the further fact recognized the world over that gold Is more readily obtained from the treasury of the United States than from any other nation. Some times within the past few years the treasury reserve gold had been at a much lower flgUre than now. On Jan uary 31, 1354, just before the first bond Issue of $50,000,000, it fell to $65,650,175, and even after that gold was put into the reserve, sending It up to $107,309,000 on March 10. It fell on August 10 to $52, 499,787. Just before the second bond is sue was made the reserve stood at $69, 090,000. From the gold received from this second $50,000,000 of bonds the reserve reached Ion December 10 $106,821,428. From this figure it fell gradually to $41, 293,212 on February 9,1895, when the third bond issue, this time for $62,400,000, was made. As u result of this issue the gold reserve attained on June 29, $107,612, 000, from which figure It has continued to decline, as the result of withdrawals for exports, to today’s figures, $82,350, 000. One effect of the heavy gold with drawals at New York this week has been to reduce the gold coin not covered by outstanding gold certificates to about $27,000,000 and to so seriously deplete the stock of gold coin at the New York sub treasury that gold coin from several western sub-treasuries and from the United States mint at Philadelphia has had to be shipped to New York to re plenish Its reduced gold stock. The treasurer of the United States, Hon. D. N. Morgan, In his annual report on the operations and condition of the treasury, after giving figures as to the receipts and expenditures, which differ very slightly from those already pub lished, says: “Aside from the variations in the total stock of gold in the country, which are dependent upon the domestic production and consumption, as well as the imports and exports of the metal, the most Important change now going on In the composition of the money supply arises from the gradual retirement of the treasury notes of 1890, through their redemption In silver dollars. By this process, which began in August. 1893, and has continued since, the total Issue of $155,931,002 of these notes was reduced by September 30, 1895, to $143,666,280. ARMENIANS ON A STRIKE. Seventy-five of Them Refuse To Work With Three Turks. Providence. It. I., Nov. 22.—Seventy five Armenians, employed at the Whltlns Machine works, at WhltlnsvWe. struck yesterday because the superintendent re fused to discharge three Turks, who were working In company with them. Previous to this act the Armenians held a meeting In reference to this matter and a deputation waited on the superintend ent, and said that Inasmuch as the Turks were Insolent enemies of the Armenians they did not think It profitable to work In their company. The superintendent did not consider thetr claims strong enough to cause the discharge of the three Turks and refused to remove them, whereupon the seventy-five Armenians quit work. An $80,000 Failure. Baltimore, Nov. 22.—Peter J.. Henry C. and David E. Wlnebrenner, trading as Wlnebrenner Bros., oyster and fruit packers, made an assignment today for , the benefit of their creditors. The assets are $80,000; liabilities not stated. Ina bility to make collections and an unu sual depression In their particular line of business caused the suspension. Failure at Greenville. Greenville,Nov. 22.—Special.)—The firm of Drum A Eseklel wap closed up today under attachments sued out by various creditors. The amount Involved la re ported to be about $17,000.