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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, November 23, 1895, Image 4

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Entered at the postoffice at Birmingham,
Ala., as second-class matter.
Eastern Business Office, 48 Tribune Build
ing New l'ork; Western Business Office, 508
“The Rookery,” Chicago. 8. C. Btckwi 1,
Bole Agent Foreign Advertising.
Notice to Subscribers—When subscribers
desire to have their papers changed, they
must specify where the paper is now going
and where they wish it changed to. W atcn
tho label on your paper and see when your
time expires.
The State Herald will appreciate news
from any community. If at a small place
where it has no regular correspondent,
news reports of neighborhood happenings
from any friend will be gratefully received.
All communications, of whatever charac
ter or length, should be written on only one
side of the sheet.
Business Office.230
Editorial Rooms.231
All calls after 9 o'clock p. m. should be
sent to the Editorial Rooms._____
The Chicagoans say Birmingham is
“the very heart of the south.”
One reason why the chrysanthemum
Is so popular may be that it conceals a
large part of the chappie who wears it.
Some of the Georgia papers are afraid
that if Morgan continues to preach free
silver that he will stand a poor chance to
be sant back to the senate!
Birmingham should begin now to pre
pare for the visit of the St. Louis tourists
next Monday. The Chicagoans have
. started the ball In praise of Birmingham
and let's keep it rolling.
The New York Post says Mr. Crisp
makes a very able argument for a small
er democratic party, but can the organi
zation stand any further reduction and
continue to do business?
Information comes from Chicago that
an organized effort will soon be made by
many of the leading railways in the coun
try to induce the Pullman company to
reduce by 25 per cent the price of upper
berths in sleeping cars.
Now here comes Kx-Congressman Hol
man of Indiana, who Is also a statesman
of great ability and experience, and says,
“Belligerent rights should be granted to
Cuba immediately. We have been
lenient to and considerate of Spain tar
beyond what was required of us."
Mr. Underwood and Mr. Aldrich shook
hands at the depot the other day when
the former left for Washington. Mr.
Underwood asked Mr. Aldrich when he
expected to visit the capital. "In about
a week," was the reply. “Well," says
Mr. Underwood, "I'll try to keep thereat
The Indianapolis Journal says If Mr.
Cleveland shall be nominated by the
next democratic national convention it
will be because no man like Stevenson,
Campbell or Whitney will take the nom
ination, and it will be done by delegates
many of whom will delight to see him
burled under the largest majority.
Recent statistics show that there are
855 churches in New York city and 7300
saloons. That is to say, there is one
saloon for each 240 inhabitants and one
church for each 8430 inhabitants; and
there were 4,600,000 barrels of beer con
sumed in the city last year, which was
at the rate of two and a half barrels
for each man, woman and child.
A Leavenworth woman, who was fined
$20 for taking down a diphtheria card,
supports unaided a large family. One
physician she called said the child had
the diphtheria, and put up a card. The
next physician she called said the child
hadn't the disease, and told her to take
down the card, which she did. The wo
man, in addition to paying the $20 fine,
Is compelled tq pay two doctors who
don’t know their business.
Only ten days ago the Advertiser stated
that if Governor Oates would simply con
sent to'the use of his name for a second
term he would have no opposition, and
that for that reason he should hasten to
consent. Yesterday that paper said that
there had never been a chance to avoid a
contest; that it would have been forced
on Governor Oates had he stood for re
election. Believing that way. was the
paper acting in good faith towards Gov
ernor Oates ten days ago while seeking to
make him believe that his consent to run
would save the party a contest?
In no less than six states constitutional
amendments have been passed or are
now under consideration restricting the
suffrage and withdrawing the electoral
franchise from thousands who previous
ly enjoyed It. Only two of these stales,
South Carolina and Louisiana, are south
ern; the other four, which include Cal
itornia and Colorado, are on the other
side of the line. They appreciate as
much as the southern people tlo the nec
essity of restricting the franchise and
conferring it upon those only who can
use it properly. It will, of course, be ad
mitted that in these states the question
Is in no respect a race one; it is a ques
tion of intelligence and good govern
Apropos of a visit Sunday of the bishop
of Montana to Baltimore, the Sun of that
city says inter alia: Bishop Brewer’s ter
ritory in Montana includes over 140,000
square miles of mountain and valleys
in the heart of the Rockies. When he
took charge of the jurisdiction, fifteen
years ago, two railroads were Just enter
ing the state, and travel was restricted
mainly to stage coaches or horses. Now
COM miles of railway lines are wjthln the
slate. Butte, the greatest mining camp
in the world, then contained about 4000
Inhabitants, while It now has 25,000. The
Anaconda company, with headquarters
at Butte, sends the principal output of
about 0500 tons of matte a day to the
Baltimore Copper Refining and Rolling
company, at Canton. When he first went
to the western country Bishop Brewer
had many frontier experiences. While
preaching In a mining camp he was once
shot at by"a minor, who was crazed with
liquor. The man was passing the hall,
and when he learned the nature of the
services he drew his revolver to have a
shot at the preacher. His friends struck
down his arm, and Bishop Brewer did
not know until afterward that the shot
lie heard during bis services was meant
for him.
The present indications point to a re
opening of the tariff question at the ap
proaching session of congress. The con
dition of the revenue is such that some
kind of legislation is absolutely needed
to bring in enough money to meet the
wants of the government, and this ne
cessity furnishes the republican party
with the occasion for an effort to return
to the system of prohibitory protection.
It appears, however, that there is a dis
position in that party to stop short of
the old McKinley act and to plant it
self upon a moderate protective tariff.
Governor McKinley's own views are
thus given :
"The people demand a tariff policy that
will avoid deficits, raise money sufficient
to pay the current expenses of the gov
ernment. prake unnecessary future bond
issues and encourage American enter
prises which will give profitable em
ployment to American labor."
To the same purpose Governor For
aker speaks:
“Tfie overwhelming republican tri
umph means a revision of the tariff laws
on protection lines and a restoration of
Mr. Charles Emory Smith of the Phil
adelphia Press, whose speeches were a
great help in the Ohio campaign, says:
"This expression of opinion by the pub
lic means a return, not necessarily to the
schedules of the McKinley bill, but to the
protection policy." M
Congressman Taft says:
"It does not mean a restoration of the
McKinley bill as It was. but a demand
that sufficient income be raised to pay
the expenses of the government.”
Mr. Bromwell thinks that the most
that can be expected, while Cleveland is
president, “Is to put a duty on wool and
a few other articles sufficient to raise
money to pay current expenses,” leav
ing to a republican administration to
deal with the subject in its entirety. He
hardly thinks, however, "we would go
to tho extent of the McKinley bill rates."
Mr. Sherman's views on the subject are
to be found In various places In his sec
ond volume, and they are instructive.
This quotation, from page 1206, will have
at this time and In this connection new
and added interest. He says:
“While the McKinley law largely re
duced the taxes and the duties under the
pre-existing laws, yet It furnished ample
revenue to support the government. The
object of the set was declared to be to
reduce the revenue. It was Impartial to
all sections and to all industries. The
south was well eared for in it. and every
reasonable degree of protection was
given to that section. In growing indus
tries In the north, which it is desirable
to encourage, an Increase of duty was
given. In nearly all the older Industries
the rates were reduced, and the result
was a reduction of revenue to the extent
of $30,000,000. Thre was no discrimina
tion made in the McKinley act between
agriculture- and mechanical industries.
The Wilson bill sacrificed the Interests
of every farmer in the United States, ex
cept probably the growers of rice and
of frutt in the south.”
He closes the paragraph with these
strong words:
“The McKinley act. I believe, was the
most carefully framed, especially In its
operative clauses and Its classification of
duties, of any tariff ever passed by the
congress of the United States."
So we may infer from these indica
tions that the republican congress will,
during the remainder of Mr. Cleveland's
term, look for an Increase of revenue
from a duty on wool and an increased
excise tax on malt liquors. If they
should elect the next president and con
trol both houses of congress we may look
to see the knife driven deeper and the
old tariff battle fought over. It may be
that the outcome of the present congress
will be to place the two parties face to
face upon the tariff question in 1896.
•-♦ ♦ —
There is a movement that has about
taken definite shape to have the children
l of the Birmingham public schools, to
gether with their teachers and parents,
as many as can possibly 4" s°. attend
the Atlanta exposition. The board of
education have authorized a holiday for
Friday after Thanksgiving, bringing two
days together, which will enable tho
children to leave Wednesday evening
and have two and a half days and over
at the exposition—returning Saturday af
ternoon. There Is no doubting the value
of this exposition to young and expand
ing minds. It presents an object lesson
that will convey more to them than
years of study could do without It/ So
that this exposition may be really the
occasion of a Itfe-ttme to gain valuable
and useful information.
The teachers also will obtain Impres
sions that will greatly aid them In their
work, so that the trip should not be re
garded purely as one of pleasure or
amusement, but rather a field of ob
servation and Instruction that words
cannot too highly indorse.
Then many parents desire to see the
exposition, and they can go along with
the children to look after their comfort,
and at the same time take In the exposi
tion. The teachers can furnish each
child in the schools a close estimate as to
the cost of the trip, and request such as
decide on going to let them know at once,
so that arrangements can be completed.
There is yet another view of this that
Is valuable to the city at large. Each
member of this party, whether parents,
teachers or children, should have a badge
labeled "Birmingham Public Schools."
That would serve to advertise Birming
ham. There "lias been much unfavorable
comment by northern papers on the lack
of patronage for the exposition from
tho southern people, and Alabama has
been strongly amiss In this regard. She
has admittedly the best state exhibit on
the grounds. It Is more typical of Ala
bama's wonderful resources than that of
any other exhibit, and Is receiving un
bounded attention from visitors, but our
own people are neglecting it. The action
of Birmingham will correct this, and at
least place our city In line with Atlanta
for favorable returns. Let there be a re
ception at the Alabama building by Bir
mingham's school children for all the
world who may be on the grounds that
day with some patriotic speaking, and
the trip will more than repay the outlay,
no matter how It Is regarded.
A few days ago the New Orleans Pica
yune printed a communication from Rev.
Dr. H. H. Waters of St. Paul's Episcopal
church, championing the letter carriers
In their complaints of the treatment
they receive from citizens. Dr. Waters,
who Is one of the most humane men in
the world, takes the side of the working
man. The good doctor said;
"It is simply outrageous that men
should be forced to wait at perhaps 200
houses In n day, often for a whole min
ute and sometimes longer, till some ons
appears to receive the mall, all because
if the selfishness and carelessness of
those wh. will not take the trouble or
spend the trifling sum. necessary, to pro
vide letter boxes at their gates. I have
felt so much about this particular phase
of "man's inhumanity to man” that I had
to unburden myself once in a sermon—
I hope with some good result as regards
members of my own congregation.
"There Gomes a time when even for
bearance ceases to be a virtue, and I
do think the letter carriers owe it, as an
act of justice to themselves, absolutely
to refuse to do anything outside of what
strict duty enjoins for any householder
who will not provide a letter box for
their convenience.”
Thus it will be seen that It Is a Chris
tian duty to provide a letter box, and to
do everything that will smooth the way
of the working classes. An unusual hard
ship In the case of New Orleans is that
people lock their front gates. The de
partment should have a rule that no
mail shall be left unless the house pro
vides a mall box. The carriers are de
layed too much by the carelessness of
The address of Secretary Carlisle be
fore the New York chamber of commerce
did not create a furore of enthusiastic
commendation In Washington. It Is
presumed to foreshadow some parts of
his forthcoming report to congress, and
Its expressions Indicate a desire on the
part of the administration t-o assist in
the erystaltzation of public sentiment on
the subject of retiring the greenbacks,
so ihat at an early day in the sesslbn
congress may receive, through the press,
something in the nature of instructions
from the people. Secrettary Carlisle very
vividly describes the financial evils (as
he sees them) from which the country is
suffering, but he utterly falls to suggest
any remedy for them. He has long been
known to be opposed to the greenbacks,
but he does not state what he would have
substituted for that currency.
Alluding to this address of the secre
tary Senator Sherman says:
“The great mistake was in the way
from the people. Secretary Carlisle very
pered with the gold reserve. It should
have issued short term bonds of five
years’ duration, which the people here
would have taken up quickly at 3 per
cent, and with this paid the expenses of
the government, Instead of trenching on
the gold reserve. These short bonds
would, of course, have been paid Cor in
legal tender notes. Instead of doing this
the administration had permitted dos
mestic and foreign bankers to clear $11
000,000 by selling the bonds for gold at
4 per cent. Carlisle's plan proposed last
night was impracticable. There arc 3000
national banks, and it would not trio. In
order to have currency, to take the gold
out. of the United States treasury and
scatter it around in these banks to re
deem money that had been issued by
these banks."
The question now is who can be found
to play in the role of the Advertiser's
third choice for governor. That that pa
per has already made application to Gen
eral Shelley and Governor Oates respec
tively to become its candidate is an open
secret. If'General Shelley, her first love,
declined her and Governor Oates refused
to act as her second choice, who, with
any degree of self respect, would be will
ing to come as Its third choice? The man
who would so consent would play some
what in the role of the fellow who was
told about by Governor Oates some years
ago in a campaign speech. He would
simply consent to be the goat in order
to keep the d-n show from closing.
Captain Johnston has announced him
self again as a candidate for governor
and is still on the free silver platform.
As the captain Is so anxious to be our
governor let him drop the silver ques
tion. seek to establish harmony in the
party and he will find that a majority
of those in this section who opposed him
vigorously last year will be very willing
<o support him. If he is unwilling to do
this, still urges his fight for free silver
and opposes nur man for senator we will
endeavor to find some other good demo
crat who will go before the state con
vention and defeat him.—Ozark Star.
No man in Alabama has done more to
harmonize the party than Captain John
ston. After his defeat for the nomina
tion by Colonel Oates he did not sulk,
but east aside his personal feeling and
canvassed the state from Tennessee to
Florida and from Georgia to Mississippi,
and contributed more of his private
means for the success of the ticket than
any citizen of Alabama outside of the
candidate himself. But we assure the
Star that when Joe Johnston yields his
principles to secure the nomination for
governor, or to secure the support of
those who so "vigorously opposed him"
In his last candidacy’ gophers will be
worth $1000 apiece and tadpoles will quit
turning to frogs.

The New York Sun furnishes the fol
lowing subjects for congress- to discuss:
No third term.
The Monroe doctrine.
The treasury.
The only three cities whose public
schools were awarded medals at the At
lanta exposition are Birmingham. Chi
cago and Philadelphia. Chicago’s medal
Is for excellence In drawing, that of Phil
adelphia for sewing, while Birmingham’s
medal Is for excellence In the entire
range of school work.
Birmingham is to be congratulated
upon the proud distinction won for her
by the exhibit of her public schools at
Atlanta. Tjhe only in the state bold
and daring enough to enter her schools
Into open competition with the world,
she comes out victorious, winning the
award of excellence over all competing
cities in methods of instruction and dis
play of pupils' work. Is there a true clt-t
izen of Birmingham who will not glory
in our triumph and rejoice In the posses
sion of the best school system In the
To the State Herald:
We have read with great Interest the
late letter of our governor attempting to
explain "where he Is at.”
The wondering public are more con
futed and confounded than ever before.
One says he Is ruminating In the tropic
of Cancer; and others that he is perma
bulatlng in Caprlcornl; and another that
he Is astraddle of the equator, and still
another that he Is climbing the north
pole. Now, what we want is the services
of the most profound astronomical cal
culator who will hie himself at once to
the loftiest peak of the Rocky mountains
and there, by the most careful observa
tions and the most accurate calculations,
ascertain "where he Is really at.” tin.
less this Is done, and done speedily, like
the ten tribes of Israel, his exact loca
tion will be entirely lost to an investi
gating world. SCIENCE.
One’s path was pranked by roses.
And one through thornlands wound;
One heard but rhymeful closes,
One heard no cheering sound.
One wept for life’s outgoing,
And one was glad to go;
And which was blessed, the knowing—
Eternity must show.
—Selma Journal.
Nature’s Supplements.
The Sheffield Reaper says:
"The Montgomery Advertiser says:
‘Even nature supplements the bounties
of the Wilson tariff.' Correct. If it had
not been for nature's supplements there
would have been no bounties. And you
don't perceive?’’
Refutes Its Thoories.
Says the Sheffield Reaper:
"The Florence Herald last week con
tained a letter from Mr. John B. Weak
ley, who is now in Los Angeles, Cal., in
reply to one from Mr. Edward E. Young
of St. Louis. Mr. Weakley in a clear and
placid manner refutes all of Mr. Young's
gold theories with his own references.
Mr. Weakley is one of the best informed
men in the country, having a large bus
iness acquaintance throughout the
United States, besides a thorough
knowledge of all business laws and cus
toms. The Herald declines to print anv
more letters on the subject. The Herald
is not interestedf?) in the subject."
To the State Herald.
It should be apparent to any citizen of
Birmingham that there is need for a
good, strong organization to look after
the interests of the city. Current events
of dally note show how great is that ne
cessity, and this work must fall on the
Commercial club, in the absence of any
other business organization. There
should not be a single citizen of Birming
ham willing to see others performing a
work that is in the interest of all without
sharing in its burdens as well as bene
fits. It will be the policy of the club
hereafter to appoint on committees for
public reception of visitors only those
who are members of the club, and this
Is another reason why all who can do so
should join it, since all should have the
welfare of the city so much at heart as
to desire to show courtesies to visiting
strangers. *
The action of the board of directors
given In the State Herald of yesterday
and ratified by the club at its meeting
yesterday afternoon leaves no good ex
cuse for any one to offer now against
becoming a member, and the committee
on membership will begin an active cam
paign to increase the club’s roll of mem
bers at once. There should not be a. bus
dness or professional man In the city left
out. There is much work for the club to
do, and as Birmingham's Interests shall
hereafter be the Shibboleth of its mem
bers every one should join in making it
indeed a slogan of power and strength in
the upbuilding of this city.
PUBLIC opinion.

Up to a late hour last night Senator
Chtindler had not Issued his declaration
of war, although it is supposed that his
ultimatum is already in Lord Salisbury’s
haijids.—Portland Argus.
The city of Chicago has been defrauded
of millions of dollars by the street car
companies by fraudulent reports. The
loss is made up by taxing the men of
small means.—Racine Times.
There is not anywhere on the political
horizon anything to cheer the democrats.
They must go into next year’s campaign
under a blacker cloud than overhung.the
republicans in 18!il.—Chicago Tribune,
We salute Governor Bushnell with the
hope that he will have the courage to
turn his back upon the gang which took
such an Important part In his nomina
tion and election.—Cleveland Plain Deal
er, Dem.
The wider political consequences of the
results are grave. It means the strong
est possible nomination by the democrats
for president and the hardest struggle in
years as the basis of a hopeful campaign
next year.—New York World, Dem.
Can they make a better or stronger
one than that of Mr. Cleveland, who has
rendered the country and the party such
signal service and is so strong with the
people? Can the democrats hope to win
without him?—New York Herald, Ind.
It Is now certain that Grover
Cleveland will be the only democratic
president of the United States between
Buchanan’s time and the end of the nine
teenth century. And the third term non
sense is very dead at that.—Cleveland
Leader. Rep.
A republican president in 1896 is as
sured. He may come from Maine, or
Indiana, or Iowa, or Ohio. No matter
who he is or from what state he Is pre
sented, as the representative of republi
can ideals his success is already deter
mined.—New York Press, Rep.
They are talking of McKinley and
Bradley as the republican ticket for 1896.
Bradley may probably think that a man
who can break all records by being elect
ed as the first republican governor of
Kentucky is worth something more than
a second place on the presidential ticket.
—Seattle Times.
The American people in the elections
showed that they are heartily weary of
both the domestic and foreign policy of
the democratic party, whether It he of
the Cleveland variety or of that whtch Is
fairly chargeable to the faction that op
poses him, and they propose to get rid
of every vestige of it in 1896.—Baltimore
American, Rep.
The elections in Pennsylvania, unto.
New York and New Jersey clearly demon
strate that the expectation of the demo
crats that popular opposition to them
and their economic and financial policies
had subsided, and that they would have
at least a fighting chance for success in
thq great national contest of next year,
Wepe not well founded.—Philadelphia
Ledger, Rep.
Keen competition has developed In the
shoe trade in Berlin and other wealthy
icenters of Germany, due to the Introduc
tion of American goods. A Boston man
ufacturer has met with such success that
he has established a house in Berlin.
: Nothing like this ever happened before
th4 Wilson bill became effective. It is
th^ beginning of a growth of American
trade throughout the world that has
' come to stay.—Kansas City Star, Ind.
Ipavid Lubin of California offered to
contribute J1000 to the funds of the
Arierlcan Protective Tariff league If an
.Impartial committee could be found
wlflch would say that a high tariff was
just to farmers as long as they export
a surplus of their products. The league
faljed to respond, and so did Governor
McKinley, and now the State Orange of
California has resolved to ask the league
to give on answer.—Springfield Repub
lican, Mug.
As we explained a day or two ago, the
outcome in New York, Maryland and
Kentucky carries with It a special and
peculiar significance. Every one of those
states should have gone democratic this
year, and would have done so under In
telligent direction and loyal leadership.
The fact that in all of them there was a
movement against the party ticket di
rected by men who spoke or pretended
to speak for the administration leaves
nothtng to be explained. The fatal and
sinister conditions set up by democratic
inefficiency In government were supple
mented by Intestine discords and petty
animosities. The outcome was antici
pated by every thoughtful student of
political evolution.—Washington Post,
IpA. J
It Is with extreme pleasure that the
Progress mentions that Capt. Joseph F.
Johnston, yielding to the requests of his
friends and his own inclinations, has an
nounced his candidacy to the democracy
of Alabama for the nomination of gov
ernor of Alabama before the next state
convention. It is simple Justice that he
should be nominated without any oppo
sition and by acclamation by the next
convention. There is no man in Alabama
whose life-time record as a democrat is
purer and more without blemish than
Captain Johnston. There is no one who
has labored more faithfully in the dem
ocratic vineyard than Captain John
ston. There is no ope who labored more
faithfully to secure the election of Gov
ernor Oates and the state ticket last year
than Captain Johnston.
Governor Oates has shown himself a
full grown man In declining to be a can
didate for a second term after his oft
repeated declaratloh that he desired only
one term as governor.
No man has labored more faithfully for
the redemption of the state, the black
belt and Wilcox county in the dark days
of reconstruction and carpet bag rule
than Captain Johnston. He deserves
the nomination, he will be nominated
for governor of Alabama by the next
state convention, and he will be elected
governor of Alabama.'by the old-time
democratic majority. Our readers will
rejoice in Captain Johnston's candidacy
for governor, and to the old Stonewail
democracy his candidacy is recommend
ed.—Wilcox Progress.
The Advertiser plead with Johnston to
stay out of the race and Intimated that
It had the information that he would not
oppose the governor's request for a sec
ond term, simply out of party love and
harmony, and it would now seem to us
that the Advertiser ought to be willing
to do what it was so anxious for Captain
Johnston to do that; that is, support him
(Johnston) in order to avoid a wrangle
over the nomination. Governor Oates is
out of the race and Captain Johnston is
the only avowed candidate that we have
before us, and if the Advertiser wishes
to do the graceful thing and show Its
sincerity and love for the party, let it
now come out for Johnston and save a
We do not agree with Captain John
ston’s Ideas of financial legislation no
more than the Advertiser, but we do
know that there are thousands of good
democrats all over the state who do, and
we think It is as near right for the sound
money democrats to sacrifice their views
for party harmony as it Is to ask the sil
ver men to do so. If it was proper that
Captain Johnston should have sacrificed
his personal ambition for the sole pur
pose of party harmony, as the Advertiser
requested and implored him to do, then
it is eminently the thing for the Adver
tiser to do, to place aside its personal
spite and hatred for Captain Johnston
and support him for governor for the
sake of harmony. Especially is this the
case since Governor Oates has declared
himself unequivocally as being out of
the race.
If the Advertiser can do what it asked
Captain Johnston to do it will rise highei*
and mightier In the_esteem of the people.
If, on the other hand, it should fail to
do so. then It will be justly classed as
attempting the role of a demagogue of
the worst stripe. Which shall it be? We
await the result with Interest.—Tuska
loosa Gazette.
Cincinnati Times-Star.
Telegraph operators in Germany re
ceive $5.11 a week; in Italy $5.20.
An expert bricklayer in Berlin earns
an average of $253 per annum.
An ordinary day laborer in Munich
makes from 54 cents to 66 cents per day.
Swiss weavers make from 40 cents to
60 cents per day by working ten hours.
A first-class seamstress in India is
paid from $4 to $5 per month.
Riveters in the boiler shops of North
Germany1 make $5 a week.
Tailors in Spain earn $4.90 a week; in
Italy $4; in England $7.40.
A stonecutter in Genoa will receive
from $3 to $3.60 per week.
The employes of the German rolling
mills receive about $238 a year.
Railway laborers in Holland average
from 36 to 70 cents per day.
An English carpenter receives a week
ly average pay of $9.11.
Glassblowers in Germany receive no
Inore than $155 a year.
The average pay of a farm laborer in
Bavaria is 48 cents a day.
Common Chinese laborers can earn
from 5 cents to 16 cents a day.
The employes of German paper mills
earn $162 per annum.
Liverpool machinists receive a week
ly average pay of $8.
A journeyman tailor in Constantinople
receives 50 cents a day.
Cabinetmakers in Florence receive 48
cents to 68 cents per day.
A coffee picker in Arabia can earn
about 36 cents a day.
A native switch tender in Bengal gets
about 15 cents a day.
A plasterer in Rome receives from $3
to $4.25 a week.
Boilermakers in Hamburg are paid
$5.45 a week.
Silk workers in Germany receive about
$146 a year.
Chinese tea pickers are content with
$1 a week.
A Russian farm laborer gets about $10
a month.
An English painter averages about $8
a week.
Liverpool boilermakers are paid $8.36
a week.
An iron worker In Syria can make $3 a
A Russian teamster receives about 40
cents a day.
A carpenter in Bremen makeB $5.20 a
An Italian mason makes $3 to $3.60 a
Sailmakers in Ireland make $6.96 a
Shipwrights in Belfast make $8.14 a
Upholsterers in Dublin make $8.26 a
A weaver in Jerusalem earns 50 cents a.
Lacemakers In India receive 25 cents a
A stonecutter in Cairo ttiakes 40 cents a
A German potter earns $167 a year.
German tanners earn $187 a year.
Experience proves that wa may make
or mar the characters of those placed by
nature In our charge. The inherited
traits are strong; the Influence of sur
roundings is stronger. In the first few
years the seed is sown that shall grow
into a fair fruit tree or into a deadly
upas, which shall blast the child's life.
These early Influences may determine
whether the child shall be like the
slinging nettle or prickly thistle, which
could well bo spared and replaced by
beneficent products of the earth; or like
the glowing byrony and the graceful
nightshade, both attractive, yet poison
ous; or like sweet clover, which yields
fragrance and sweetness to the honeyed
stores of the bees; or like the starry
daisy and the blue-eyed violets or the
flowers of eglantine blushing bright red,
imparting beauty and loveliness to their
surroundings. Children are the flowers
of home. They are the perfume of life.
They are living Jewels dropped unstained
from Heaven. They are gems gleaming
In the coronet of love.
‘‘They are better than all the ballads
That ever were sung or said.
For they were living poems,
And all the rest are dead.’*
The Pan Francisco Newsletter hag a
very excellent article on the above sub
ject, which we present to our readers:
"It Is hard to belittle the United States
or their home market when one comes
down to the actual figures. The whole
of1 the tonnage of the oceans of the world
last year was about 140,000,008 tons, while
the tonnage of the railways Of the world,
carried 100 miles, was about 1,400,000,000
tons. There are 400,000 miles of railroads
In the world, of which 180,000 are in the
United States. Of the 1,400,000,000 tons
carried 100 miles last year on the rail
ways of the world, 800,000,000 were car
ried In the United States. Take the 600.
000,000 tons carried on the railways of
the world outside of the United States,
and add to it the whole of the seagoing
tonnage of the world, vi*., 140,000,000 tons,
and we still have 6,000,000 tons more car
ried by the railways of the United states
than by those of all other nations com
bined, with their ships thrown in to help
balance the account. As common car
riers the people of this country exceed
all other nations united, and with a sur
plus of 6,000,000 tons over. This internal
commerce of the United States makes it
the most wonderful macket on the globe.
As buyers, sellers, exporters and con
sumer's we far exceed any other 70,000,000
Of people known among mankind. What
gigantic interests are represented by our
railroads these figures represent! To '
build those roads a bonded Indebtedness
of over $6,000,000,000 has been. Incurred—
a sum equnl to almost all the gold and
stiver known to exist among men."
This is truly a magnificent showing,
and yet, when one considers the as
tounding magnitude of our resources
these figures pale Into insignificance be
fore what they might be. Our transpor
tation is not nearly what it should he,
/or one great reason. Our people have
not the ready money to take their prod
ucts to the best markets. While France
does a business of $20,000,000,000 a year
upon a currency of $54 per capita, the
United States transacts Its business of
$80,000,000,000 per annum upon a currency
nominally but $25 per capita, really
nearer $10. _
The Urtited States should have a cur
rency of at least $120 per capita to form
an adequate means of handling its im
mense production.
Selected With Farti.ular Re
gard to
The New York World has the follow
ing about the new dances of the season,
describing what the arbiters of terpsi
chorean affairs have resolved to make
popular this winter:
The belles and beaux of New York so
ciety may be tickle In many things, but
to the ''two-step” they remain true.
Again this year the gay little dance
heads the list of even the new dances
planned for the coming season. It mas
querades under a new name as "Trilby,”
but it is the same old two-step, the fa
vorite which everyone enjoys. Another,
variation of this dance is the Yale two
step, where four walking steps are in
troduced. It is a trifle more dignified,
but none the less 'enjoyable. The fact
is that the two-step has so won the
hearts of society that it predominates
in all the new dances this year. The ten
dency of the coming season is for an open
position at the beginning of a dance and
then a united position. This is partic- '
ularly seen in the Trilby two-step. But
to give variety to the dancing order thera
must be other dances save the two-step,
and so when Professor Bournlque and
his colleagues of the American Society
of Professors of Dancing met in con
vention at Saratoga this fall they put
their wise heads together and decided
the fate of the new dances submitted by
the members. One Important feature of
the convention was the adoption of a
standard set of lanciers. In past seasons
there have been so many variations to
the regular lanciers that it was almost
embarrassing to the uninitiated to at
tempt this simple square dance. Now
when society dances the lanciers it will
dance it according to one particular rule.
The standard lanciers omits the salute
and Is cut down to four figures. The first
figure is danced four times. Like history,
the waltz repeats itself every season.
This year it will be danced with more
stately grace than of old. The hop waltz
is quite a thing of the past. The caprice
is another somewhat old* dance which
will be high in favor this year, but it
will have to share the honors of the pol
ka, for apparently the latter will be ,
danced by old and young until the ehd
of time. The step is so simple and the
polkal music always so hard to resist that
the popularity of that dance is assured.
The homeage court dance is a new quad-*
rllle which promises to be in favor. It
,wlll be rather difficult to learn, but will
be taught by nearly all the best dano
ing' masters. As for the german it is
always with us. A new feature this year
Is to change the music at every change
of figure.
We must go back to the beginning once
more and let the repudiators understand
that they have been caught in the act of
scuttling the democratic ship and that
thetr piratical conduct will be no longer
tolerated. The democratic party can gef
along without them, for things cannot
well be worse than they are now, and if
they are thrown overboard there will at
least be no danger of further assassina
tion from them. Let them go and God
speed them on the way!—Atlanta Con
stitution, Dem.
Highest Honors—World’s Fair.
- • } '
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free
tom Ammonia, Alum or Sfty-ether adulterant
" : * - * - A
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