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Belt of the belief that there lurks In the
proposition for the free coinage of silver, BO strongly approved and so enthuslas tically advocated by a multitude of my countrymen, a serious menace to our prosperity and an insidious temptation of our people to wander from the allegiance ■they owe to public and private integ rity. It is because I do not distrust the good faith and sincerity of those who press this scheme that I have imperfectly but with seal submitted my thoughts upon this momentous subject. I cannot refrain from begging them to re-examine their views and beliefs in the light of pa triotic reason and familiar experience, and to weigh again and again the con sequences of such legislation as their efforts have invited. Even the continued agitation of the subject adds greatly to the difficulties of a dangerous financial situation already forced upon us. In conclusion I especially entreat the people's representatives in the congress ■who are charged with the rest insiblllty of inaugurating measures for the safety and prosperity of our common country to promptly and effectively consider the Ills of our critical financial plight. I have suggested a remedy which my judg ment approves. I desire, however, to as sure the congress that I am prepared to co-operate with them In perfecting any other measure promising thorough and practical relief; that I will gladly labor with them in every patriotic endeavor to further the interests and guard the ■welfare of our countrymen, whom In our respective places of duty we have under taken to serve. GROVER CLEVELAND. Executive Mansion, Dec. 2, 1895. Cotton Industry in England and on the Continent. The New England Journal of Com merce says: “The Textile Mercury thinks it is strange how persistent is the continuance of the depression In the Lancashire cotton trade, with all the neutral markets of the world open to its operations, and thinks that it seems al most evident from this state of things that their productive plant is more than adequate to supply the neutral world’s capacity to consume their yarn and cloth, so far as they have freedom to sell It, and as It exists at present. The pauc ity of dividends among the Lancashire cotton spinning companies, as revealed by recent stock.takings is also another very unsatisfactory feature to the Mer cury. But it states that it is not merely the poverty and almost general absence of them which is remarkable so much as the numerous heavy additions that have be»n made to the already large adverse balances. These it regards as bad enough to awaken serious fears as to the consequences, as already one large com pany is reported to have stopped Its mills, and rumors abundant that others will fnllnor “If prosperity has to be restored to Lancashire the Mercury thinks that something more will have to be done than is at present In operation. It says: •Among the projects offered none seems to give such good prospects of being ef fectual as those of pushing on the utiliza tion of the Manchester ship canal for both importation and exportation, by which" a considerable economy may be effected, and the project broached by the Blackburn chamber of commerce in send ing a commercial mission to the east. To make this effective the leading cham bers should contribute freely to Its equip ment and maintenance, while the govern ment mlgllt very properly be asked to make a contribution from the exchequer. The nation lives by its Industry and commerce, and the money which goes into the national cash box is all ob tained, directly or indirectly, from these sources. As everybody will be benelited by the extension of our trade, so no one could reasonably object to a state con tribution to the objects it has in view.' "On the other hand, nearly ail the countries of the continent are having seasons of prosperity, and it Is very tan talizing for the English cotton spinners to reflect upon while their own country Is In such depths of industrial depression. A recently Issued consular report says that the Russian cotton spinning and weaving industry during the past year was in a flourishing condition, as was' strongly evidenced by the extension of existing and establishment of new mills. The number of spindles was increased by about 150,000. The activity of the Rus sian cotton mills Is encouraged by a highly protective customs tariff, and this activity was visible from the larger quantity of cotton imported In 1894 across and at the European ports and frontiers of Russia, as compared with the preceding year (181,806 tons, as against 122,580 tons), and the large profits made by most of them were manifested by the extraordinary high dividends they paid their shareholders. Russia has thus availed herself very largely of the cheap cotton of America, which has enabled her protected manufacturers to make heavy profits and distribute big divi dends, thus renewing her financial strength for another advance. One re sult, however, not desired by the gov ernment was the depression in the price of Asiatic cotton. The Russian govern ment is a paternal one, and, therefore, in the exercise of Its powers, and to stimulate still further the cultivation of cotton In Bokhara and Khiva, raised the duty on American cot ton in December. 1894. from Ir 40c gold to 2r 10c gold per pound, and on cotton yarns of low numbers below No. 38, un bleached, from 4r gold to 4r 80c per pound; bleached and dyed from 5r 40c gold to 6r per pound; Turkey red from 6r 70c gold to 6r 30c gold per pound; for numbers fpom 38 to 50. unbleached, from Er 70c gold to 6r gold per pound; bleached and dyed, from 6r 80c gold to 7r 10c gold per pound; higher numbers, commencing from No. 50. which Russia does not spin to any extent, remaining unchanged. One cause of the prosperity of the Rus sian cotton Industry Is thus rendered ob vious at a glance. This is the great pro tection afforded to It. Russia does not wait for the slow operation of economic laws to bring prosperity to its people. •Thus.’ remarks the Mercury, 'a poor and heavily taxed state like Russia can make great progress and extend its productive plant, while ours. If anything, is dimin ishing. The stoppage of spindjes through being worn out. and the destruction of others by fire that will not be rebuilt, is very probably exceeding the number of new ones being put down. Our pro duction is only kept up by the renewal of old machinery with the latest improve ments and greater productive capacity.” YOU CAN ALWAYS KEEP WARM. Inventors Have Patented Devices That Baffle the Cold. New York Herald. What would you think of the proposi tion to line your clothes with steam pipes and carry a boiler around in your pock et? An ingenious yankee has recently procured a patent for such a system. He will make you a jacket, somewhat corset-like, guaranteed to fit the upper part of your body. This steam under wear Is usually worn over heavy flannel. It is of hollow steel tubes, fastened to gether with ball and socket joints. The principal tube forms a belt for the waist and smaller pipes branch from it, one running up the spinal column and others spi ading over the chest like the bones of the thorax. In addition, a hood of heavy cloth covers the head and should ers A valve tn the belt allows the steam to . nter from either a general steam sys tem or a small portable boiler. He who suffers from cold feet need no longer wear flannel-lined articles which cover the points of his shoes. He can purchase a foot-warmer which will not disfigure him In the least. It Is a strange contriv ance. forming a long "Y,” made of rub ber hose. Each of the forked branches runs down one leg of the trousers into the shoe. The single tube leads up through the collar, ending in a mouth piece. As one walks he needs simply ex hale his warm breath into this trumpet and he will feel It down In the very bot tom of his boots. Other foot warmers are made In many forms. Stoves are adapted to hassocks, stools for church pews. etc. Rugs con taining electric coils are made for men who attend open air stands or passen gers in street cars, ferry boaffe, railroad trains and other public conveyances. These are simply connected with the or dinary electric light wire, and the extra expense of the electric fan in summer may thus be spent in keeping warm in winter. Hand warmers are equally numerous. All minute portable stoves are made so that no fuel can escape, regardless of the position in which they are held. They utilize all sorts of fuel—usually a smoul dering powder or cartridge. This burns in a cavity in the middle of the vessel. Several coverings of gauze and asbestos and a partition or two of perforated tin reduce the heat through insulation, at the same time allowing sufficient circula tion of air. The outside covering is made In various shapes and Is usually covered with cloth of some kind.^ When one goes carriage driving or sleigh riding he still baffles the elements His equlppages are furnished with car riage or sleigh' heaters. When he reaches home he does not find his doorstep cov ered with snow and sleet. By an elec trical device he has connected with the iron steps a circuit which, when turned on, melts and thoroughly dries the whole surface. Similar systems are now used/ for melting ice and snow off the rails of street car and other railroad tracks. STATE NEWS, Jacksonville Republican: J. D. Hardy of Calera, the chairman of the republi can executive committee of the Fourth Congressional district, has been arrested on the charge of bribery, for the way in which he handled Aldrich’s campaign money during the last congressional election in this district. His case was to have been tried in the Anniston city court last Monday, but was continued until Friday. December 6, at the request of the defendant’s attorneys. Moulton Advertiser: We hear it stated by good authority that the Protest, now published at Cullman, will most likely be removed to Courtland at an early day. One of its editors spent several days in this county last week, and was favorably Impressed with the prospects. The Pro test is anti-democratic, and opposed to the principles of that grand old party. Florence Times: On Sunday night last, the 24th. the farm belonging to Mr. J. J. Carr, who lives eight miles north of Gravelly Springs, was destroyed by fire, entailing a loss upon Mr. Carr of about $2f>fi. The fire occurred early in the night, between 7 jand 8 o'clock, and is believed to have been of incendiary origin. Mr. Carr Is a worthy man. who lost a leg in the Confederate service, and his friends should contribute to his assistance. Florence Times: On last Tuesday, the 28th Instant, at Mr. W. M. Holleman's, a few miles north of Florence, his little 14-year-old granddaughter. Miss Seletla, with a double-barreled shotgun, shot and killed at the distance of about 140 yards a large hawk that was after the young turkeys. It measured over BO inches from tip to tip of wings. Three cheers for the pretty and brave little Alabamian! Florence Times: A citizen of Gravelly Springs neighborhood sends us a copy of a pamphlet now being distributed In the Gravelly Springs section of our county by two Mormon elders, who are preach ing and proselyting there. The gentle man writing to us says that "among the uninformed they are well received.” The little pamphlet contains twenty-four pages and is entitled "Doctrines of the Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints: Tts Faith and Teachings.” These "saints” should receive no countenance from the good people of Lauderdale. Tuskegee Reporter: Speaking of old folks, we had an interview a few days ago with a colored woman on Main street In front, of our office in a wagon who says she is 102 years old. Her owner was James Pollard, grandfather of Hon. Lu cius Ramsey of Notasulga. She was raised in North Carolina and came to this country about thirty years ago. She has a daughter who is 78 years « f age. She remembers well when the stars fell In 1833 and had six children then. Her name is Delilah Pollard. She lives near Notasulga. She talks intelligently about her past history, but is rather feeble. She has had fifteen children. The young est was born when she was 53 years of age. Marengo Democrat: The 2-year-old baby girl of Mr. and Mrs. I. I. Canter bury of this place by some means fell Into the fire yesterday afternoon about 3:30 o’clock and was burned in an awful manner. The nurse had left her and a baby girl of Mr. P. B. Glass in the room together, and when the child was discov ered It was a mass of flames. Though Drs. Todd and Kimbrough did all In their power to alleviate Its suffering it died about two and a half hours later. The sympathy of the entire community is with the ulBicted parents. Covington nines: mat we win nave n brick court house Is now an undisputed fact. The commissioners have compro mised with the insurance company for $2014, and have set the second Monday In December to receive bids from con tracting parties for a brick house. An dalusia will look like the aurora borealis when we get a brick court house on the middle of the square. Randolph TollPr: Mr. Anderson Cle mens of Fredonla, Chambers county, was found In a dying rendition on Tuesday near one of the farms whioh he owned on Corn House creek. In this county. He passed through Roanoke on Monday in a road cart on his way to see about his property, as stated above, and It is sup posed that his horse ran away, from bruises found on his head and body and from the positon in which the cart was found The accident Is supposed to have occurred Monday night. He was not found till the afternoon of Tuesday, when he was speechless. He died late Tuesday evening. Mr. Clemens was a brolher-ln-law of Mr. Robert Oav, was well known and had many friends in this county, and Is spoken of as one of the best of men. Alwaysin season, always up with the procession, always accommodating and always give you the best in the mar ket at the Metropolitan bar. ii-i2-tr _ General freight and passen ger office of Southern Railway removed to No. 7 North 20th street. Telephone 846. ll-5-tf _ FOR SALE. The board of managers of the Charity hospital desire to sell all the red brick, furnace window weights, pipes, etc., to be seen on the grounds of the hospital at Smlthfleld. Apply between the hours of 12:30 and 2:30 p. m. at 20U Park avenue. 11-14-tf _ To reduce our stock of la dies’ desks we will sell them Siti cost. STOWERS IURNITURE CO., 1810 and 1818 2d Avenue. U-28-U HE SAVED STANLEY. AN INTERESTING EPISODE IN THE CA REER OF THE FAMOUS EXPLORER. Colonel Alf Taylor of Tennessee Was the Savior—The Kemarfcable Career of the Taylor Family—Father and Two Sons Nominated lu Opposition For Governor. Henry M. Stanley, the great African ex plorer, a membor of the British parlia ment, Is now on a visit to this oountry, and it recalls an incident in his early ca reer that has never boen made known un til recently. Ex-Congressman Alf A. Tay lor of Tennessee once saved Stanley’s lifo, away back yonder when both of them were barely men. It was in 1807-8 when the Indians were giving Unole Sam much vexatious trou ble as the great west was being oponed and poopled. Hon. Nat G. Taylor, the fa ther of Hon. Alf and ex-Governor Bob Taylor, was commissioner of Indian af fairs under President Johnson then, and set out with a commission appointed by congress to conduct a treaty with a trou blesome tribo at Medicine Lodgo on the Noskotunga river. Young Alf Taylor ac companied the expedition in tho capacity of secretary to bis father, tho commission er, and Henry M. Stanley was then an or dinary smart young reporter for a Now York newspaper. Young Taylor and Stanley, at their own urging, wore appointed by General Har ney, who commanded the troop, Nimrods plenipotentiary and buffalo butchors ex traordinary to the expedition. It was a Peter’s dream. Game in abundance lined tho way, to bo had for the powder. It was hero perhaps that tho adventurous instinct was born in the young tenderfoot's brain that led him to groat achievement, but at that time young Toylor had a decided ad vantage of tho dude reporter in having been born and reared in tho onst Tennes see mountains and used to tho panther’s scream. i n« crucial luciucuu iinyymniu uu t* uur fall! hunt Olio day. Tho young Nimroda discovered a herd in tho distance, and making adroit advance eaoli succeeded in cutting out a fat bull fo**jis victim. Tho practice was to give chase to the animal selected and riding alongside shoot him as he ran until he fell. Alf soon had his bull in tho dust, and turning to soo what progress his partner was making saw him about u half mile away dashing hither and yonder and cavorting wildly about in his efforts to eseupe tho mad lunges of a wounded bull that had turned the tallies on him. Stanley was green in horseman ship anfl frightened so that ho could not utilize what iittlo knowledgo ho had, and his escapes from tho bull’s horns wore managed by the horse he rodo. Tho situa tion was critical aDd getting more so, wheh Alf Taylor galloped down and suo ceoded in getting in a fatal shot. ColoDel Taylor only admits modestly that he rescued Stanley from a critical di lcmmn, but Stanley insists that ho saved his life and ulways calls upon him when ho visits this country. Tho inoidont just told awakens a train of reflections oon corulng the Taylor family, for young Alf thereafter became more ominent than Stanley, though not bo world famous, and the family history furnishes a tale of un common interest even in-this new world of ours, where men have achieved so great ly in all the avenues of endeavor. Nat G. Taylor, as said already, was com missioner of Indian uffnirs undor President Johnson. Ho had been a Whig before tho war and had represented tho First Ton nes seo district in congress—the district that returned Andrew Johnson himself five successive terms. He was graduated from Prinooton, was a regularly ordained min ister and a giant among the great orators and thlnkors of that day of bright men. Nat Taylor had six sons, throo of whom turned out Democrats and threo Repub licans. Tho sons wore all natural born orators, peculiarly gifted with charming pCwors to please and lead mou. Bob and Alf were tho only two to essay a public rule. Boh at 20, a Democrat, was elected to congress over an eminent and uhlo Re publican, over un advorso long standing majority of 6,000. Alf afterward represent ed tlie same district, a Republican. Thus the father and two sons represented the same district, each of different politics. Again each of them was elector at large on his presidential tiokot. But to oap it all Bob was nominated by the Democrats, Alf by tho Republicans and the fatlior by the Prohibitionists for governor in 1886, Tho father declined to antagonize the sons, but they made tho race against each other, memorable us tho “ war of tho roses,' ’ per haps tho most brilliantly contested cam paign in American history. Tho people, decked out in white and rod roses, the em blems of tho brothers, followed them in cavnloades from county to county. It was a Democratic victory. Bcb was elected twice, mo seoouu uino gening more votes than any limn ever before got In Tennes see. He was always anil is now 20,000 votes stronger tliun his party. Anil now tho Democrats and Republic ans seem bont upon nominating tlie broth ers again next year. Parties are badly twisted in Tonncsseo. The counting in of Turney is denounced by many Democrats and there is a threatened defection that portends defeat unless Bob Taylor comes to tho roscuo. No man iinaginos ho can bo beaten, uud ho cannot. Tho Republicans want to nominate Alf to heeeflTBob out. They hope he will refuse to run against his brother again. The brothers nro now at their strongest and best, and they aro now about to ap pear boforo tlie footlights in a monologue drama entitled “ Yankee Doodle and Dix ie, ” abounding in character sketches, an ecdote, mimicry and pathos. — Atlanta Constitution. The Beginning of tlie End. It is a matter of common talk among tho navuj officers of tlie Bering son licet that sealing is practically at an ond. Tlie Japan herd was virtually annihilated last year. The Russiuu herd lias been greatly reduced, and it is estimated that there are only about 100,000 fumule seals remaining in tho hord which hus its breeding ground on the Pribilof islands, and at tho recent rato of slaughter, under tho “idiotic regu lations’’ of tlie Paris tribunal, tlie fur bearing soul must follow the buffalo into practical extinction in a vory few years.— Seattle Post-Intolligcncer. But Ue Wanted the Gun. It is said there is a voter living near Hagerstown known ns “Old UncloZeb.’’ Ho does not decido who to vote for until he has met the representatives of each can didate and had a conference. A local Hurst politician met Old Uncle Zeb the other day and said, “Well, Uncle Zob, who are you going to voto forP” “I dun no, I dunno," tho old man roplied. “I need a double barreled shotgun mighty bad. I oulc’late to do a lot of hunting this winter. I dunno who I’ll vote for.”—Bal timore News. THE VILLAGE OF CANA. A Pen Picture of Life There During the Lifetime of Christ. Cana was a thriving village on the great highway through the hills west of tho sea of Galllse. JProgi yie Qigin road a number ol narrow, irregular streots wandered up and along a low hillside and were bordered by bouses that were built mostly of stone. The inhabitants bad need for thrift and Industry If It were only becauso of the tax gatherers, for Herod Antipas was building palooes, fortresses and cities. He was liv ing in mngnifloence, as wore bis many officers. All the people of his dominions paid faxes ant} briites to him and them. Whila the consequences wore often pain ful enough, thero were no signs of actual poverty in the vicinity of the well. It stood several pacer in front of a dwolllng, two stories in height, which seemed some what bettor than its neighbors. The porch along its lower story was thlokly olad with vinos, aDd from under these the girl had come to bring iter jar to the well. A Jew ish maiden of nearly 16 was accounted a full grown woman, and tho slightness of her graceful figure did not Interfere with an air of maturity which her present state of mind much increased. Her simple dress, that became her so well, was of good materials. Hanged on either side of tho well were six largo, cumbrous looking wnter pots of stonoware, partly filled, for tho conven ience of any person wishing to perform the foot or hand ablutions required by tho ex acting corcmonial law of the Jews. Tho vine clad porch was a pleasant place. It was provided with wooden benches, and on ono of these sat a man Who seemed to consider himself a person of importance. Every movement, and even his attitude when sitting still, might be said to accord with a conviction that he, Rabbi Isaac Ben Nussur, was tho wisest, the most learned man in Cana. He was very tall ns well as broad and heavy, and his thick, gray beard came down to tho voluminous snsh that was folded around his waist. His eyebrows wero black aDd projoctiDg, his nose was prominent, bis black eyes were piercing. Ho was dressed, as became a rabbi, or any other highly respectable Jow, in a long linen tunic with sleeves, that was belted by the sasli. Over this he wore a long, loosely flowing robe, called nn “abba,” also of linen. Around his shoulders, with ends fulling in front, was a broad white woolen scarf, with narrow burs of red and purple and blue, and with blue tassels at tho corners of each of its two ends. This was tho ”tulllth” and was worn as a re minder that tho wearer must romember nil tho commandments of tho law and faithfully perform thorn.—“Tho Sword maker's Sons,” by William O. Stoddard, in St. Niclioius. Derivation of "Electricity.” Thoro Is something strange and weird, when one comes to think of it, in the fa miliarity and commonness of so ancient a rosin, the indurated gum of mighty forest trees that flourished and fell ages before man had sot foot upon this planet. How littlo Wo think, when wo put the mouth piece of tho matutinal pipe to our lips, that the amber which forms it exuded drop by drop 1,000,000 yours back from tho stems of groat pines in a world whoso very shores and seas aro now forgotten. Tho plants which composed thosB vast woodlands whore the Baltic now stretches have been driven southward long since by the slow coming on of that secular chili in the world’s dotage whioh we call the glacial epoch. Of tho pine whioh chiefly yielded amber not a single specimen now survives on our earth, and oven tho great Wellingtonias, which towered over the rest, have dwin dled away in our own time to two solitary and dying groves in tho uplands of Cali fornia. Tho trunks thomsolves aro gono or reduced to lignite, but the gum that flowod from them in such strange abun dance is still a common object of commerce the world over and familiar in our mouths as tho pipe it holds thoro. Nay, more. It has supplied our language with u whole group of words—“eiectrlo” and “electrici ty” and “electrotype” and so forth—and in all probability it has given us the sole olow without which we might never have possessed the telegraph and the telephone or tho unknown wonders of the next gen eration.—Cornhill Magazine. Not Born Precisely There. The precocious frankness and simplicity of a class of 6-year-olds has been forcibly impressed upon one of the teachers in the new Blaine school at Thirteenth and Nor ris streets during tho past few days. Pre paratory to opening the school tho chil dren ore being registered, and their an swers to the questions put, to them aro often quite ludicrous. One of tho teachers asked a youngster what was his father's name. “Baxter,” was tho reply. “What is his full namef” “Mr. Baxter,” said the boy. “No, no,” the teacher continued rather impatiently. “What is his first namef” A gleam of comprehension brightened the lad’s iace, and ho blurted out: “Ma calls him ‘Bill.’ ” In order to determino another little fel low’s place of nativity ho was asked: “Were you born lieref” With all seriousness he responded: “Nome. I was horned on Tyler street.” —Philadelphia Record. A Unique Salad. “Mamma, I have invented a lovely sal ad,” exclaimed Margery, aged 7. “Have you, darling?” said her pleased mother. “And how did you make it?” “Why,” answered the mite proudly and seriously amid the luughter of those pres ent, “I chopped up a rose, some parsley and some cold potatoes and covered it with dressing.” “And where did you get the oil?” ex claimed Mrs. A. “Oh, I used sewing machine oil,"re sponded the little monkey, who had, ns she supposed, copied her mother’s methods with perfect success.—New Work Adver tiser. _ A Monocle Mr. Hubly—I saw a man making a reg-. ular monocle of himself in the street just I now. Mr. Wostby—A what? “A monocle.” “Ha, ha! You moan spectacle, don’t you?” “No, sir, I do not. There was not a pair of him, and therefore he was a mon ocle. Thank goodness, I can speak the English language correctly.”—Pearson's Weekly. Caliber or Calibre. It Is difficult to say what is the correct pronunciation of a word which oomes to us from the Arabio through the medium of tho French. But is it a certainty that Llttre's suggestion that "calibre” is from the Arabic kullb, a form, a mold, is cor rect? Usod in Its technical senses the cus tomary pronunciation is undoubtedly cal ibre. Employed in its figurative meaning with regard to the compass of tho mind, one still occasionally hears the French sound. The Imporial and the Enoyolo peedlo dictionaries give only caliber. Walker, while accentuating the word in the samo way, observes: “Mr. Sheridan accents this word on the second syllable and gives tho 1 the sound of double e, like the French, but Johnson, Kenrlok, Ash, Buchanan, Perry and Ep tiok consider the word as perfectly anglt olzed and plaoe the aooent on the first syl lable, as I have done.1 '—Notes and Queries. NEY AN AMERICAN. A CLAIM THAT THE FAMOUS MARSHAL WAS BORN IN GEORGIA. He Attended School la His Native Ton of Sunbury, and It Was One ol His Old Schoolmates Who Recognised Him as He Kode With Napoleon In Paris. About a year ago, when I was in Camp Anderson serving as sergeant major of the Third squadron of the Fifth regi ment of cavalry, the drill call was sound ed and the squadron marched out on the field. The major commanding them gave the order, "Captains, take charge of your companies and drill them, ” and as I had nothing to do, in company with Lieuten ant A. S. Way, adjutant of the squadron, I lay down on the grass in the shade of a tree and between the puffs from a fra grant Havana he told the following story ns I toll It to you: Over 100 years ago, down on the const of Liberty county, Georgia had a City of 2,000 or 8,000 inhabitants. Situated on a high bluff amid the grand old oaks festooned with waving fringes of the Spanish moss lay old Sunbury, now naught but a pile of decayed ruins. In the distance across the harbor, where mon-of-war might lay at anchor, St. Catherine’s rose blue and misty, and beyond was the great void of trackless ocean. Near by was a fort with its iron mounted war dogs and pacing sontrios, whilo over all shone the bright, warm sun of the somltroples. Here lived, loved and diod the forefathers of many of Liberty’s many citizens and many who oftimes sedately paced the quaint old streets now lie sleeping 'neath the waving treos of the little cemetery near by. The town was the birthplace of many noted men, but none moro so than ono of the brothers Rudolph, whose name rung through the world as one of Franco's greatest marshals—Ney. Born in Sunbury, of wenlthy and aris tocratic parents, ho attendod the Sunbury institute of Dr. McQuiro, where into him wore instilled the rudimonts of the educa tion which ho afterward wont to France to oomploto. A ion jnuin pioeuu umi juuug nuuuijm again visited his American home, a French man in everything but birth. His man ners were those of tho Parisian, and the languago of the French foil far more flu ently from his lips than that of his native land. Sunbury, quiet and isolated, after— tho gay life of the French capital was too dull, and ono day, as tho sun was glim mering over tho sound, young Rudolph loft homo to visit Florida, then the land of the Spaniard. Months passed, and no word was beard of him. The months passed into years, and still tho fate of the young man was unknown, but Boon an incident occurred which throw much light on the subjeot. A native of old Sunbury visited Paris at tho time Napoleon was at tho zenith of his power and glory and ohanced to be on tho street ono day when the emperor, ac companied by his magnificent train, passed. Among the followers, clad in all the panoply of war and rich materials of his high office, rode Noy, Napoloon’s great est marshal. Tho gentlomnn from old Liberty rocog nlzed him as his old playmate, Rudolph, and starting forward exclaimed, "Why that's Rudolph!” As tho familiar name and languago struck tho oar of Noy he quickly turned his head, but rode on with a faco as immovable as a statuo. Soon an aid presented himself to the Georgian, and saluting announced that Marshal Ney wished to see tho gentleman at his headquarters, and under tho guid anoo of tho officer the gentleman soon found himself alone with the man before whom armies had trembled. Ney fixed on him a keen, scrutinizing glance and in tho language of the French said, "Why did you call me Rudolph on tho street today?” "Because you are ho,’1 answered tho American. A moment’s thought and Noy asked, “How do you know I am ho?” "Why, because I knew you as a boy in old Sunbury, in Georgia, whore wo used to play together and went to school to Dr. McQuire.” “yes,” said Ney, “I am Rudolph, but never let that namo again pass your lips, for its price would bo my head. To Na poleon I am a Frenchman. Rudolph never lived. Go and nevor breathe that name again.” Time went by, and this same gentleman visited Paris agai,n. It was at tho second capitulation, and Noy, stripped of his glory and power, lay in prison. His sentence camo, aud ho was sentenced to die tho death of a traitor by having his head sev ered at tho block. When ho heard the ver dict, he asked that three requests might be granted him, and after duo consideration they woro allowed. Thoy were, first, that as ho lmd always been a soldier ho might, die a soldier’s*leath; second, that ho would not bo shot in tho face; third, that as ho lmd commanded the most famous armies of tho world so might he command the squad who wero to exe cute him. j.HU uu^n nan nmu, acu. i, iuxu, gentleman from Sunbury wns strolling In tho Luxembourg when his attention was attracted by a rapidly approaching file of soldiers, carrying with them a prisoner. As they halted and tho condemned took his place ugaiust the gray, blank wall ho raisod his head, and tho American recog nized the playmate of his youth, Rudolph —to the French, Ney. Ney drow himself proudly erect, and glancing over the small crowd which had gathered rocognized his old Sunbury friend and gavo him a smile of recognition, then, turning to the soldiers, in a clear voice in the English language, gave the command: “Ready! Aim! Fire!” The soldiers stirred not a muscle, and then Ney gave tho oommaud in French, at which tho rifles cracked. Marshal Noy-Rudolph was no more. Tho soldiers rapidly returned to the city, and Ney lay on tho frozon ground, face downward, with ono hand above his head • and his military cloak wound him. So perished one of Georgia's sons, for ho was ono despite history’s contradiction.—Al bert D. Akia in Jesup Sentinel. Russians Are Keonoinioal. The Russian workman spends very lit tle for food, lodging and dress as compared with tho foreign artisan. Coming from the village, ho is very modest In his de mands. His food is very simple, but it is abundant and answers to his taste. In Moscow, for example, tho board of a work man amounts to not more than 10 shil lings per month. Not So Brave. "Dor.rme," said Mrs. Wickwlre, looking up from her paper, “but women arc get ting brave nowadays!” “Brave?” echoed Mr. Wickwlre. “Yes; here is a story about a woman who shot a mouse. She—pshaw, I read it wrong! It wns only a moose!”—lu diunapolls Journal. SCOTCH SUPt-. Borne of tho Prank* the Falrle* Are Be lieved to dtn Played. There etill lingers a widespread belief in foe north of Scotland thut the 'fair folk,” dr “gweed neeboys," as thej^lries ure coll ed, have a oraving for human milk, and during the first days of convalescence a mother must be zealously guarded lest one of the “wpo peopjj” come and rob the child of lta hcrtirlinlnent. Sometimes they suocoed In carrying off a mother. Tradi tion tells of the wife qt a farmer who was spirited to the palace of toe fairies in a large cave on a remote part of the Caith ness coast. Notwithstanding tho kindness of the fair folk the woman pined for her home and offered as ransom the finest milk cow In her gweed man’s byre. She was permitted to yeturn to tho homestead, and the cow was ldd to the fairy hillock. It disappeared, but later returned eel aud weak. On occasions, too, the child is stolen, for have not the fairies once In ev ery seven years to pay “the teind to hell?" They then endeavor to sacrifice a human babe rather than one of their own number. A north country fisher had a flue child. One evening a beggar woman entered the hut and went up to tbecradlo to gaze into the eyos of the babe. From that tlmo good health left It, a strange look came Into its face, and the mother was troubled. An old man begging for food passed that way. When he caught sight of the child, he oried: “That’s nae a bairn. It’s an image, and tho gweed folk has stoun hlsspeorlt." Thereupon be set to work to recnll the fisher’s bairn. A peat fire was heaped high on the hearth and a black hen hold over it at such a distance that It was siDged and not killed. After some strug gling the hen escaped up the lum. A few moments elapsed, and then the parents were gladdenod by the sight of a happy expression once more on the child’s face. It throve from that day forward.—Scot tish Kevlew. Unknown Macedonia. Macedonia is practically as unknown to the general public as tho great Unshapen Lund in whlofi dwelt tho throe Gray sis ters who helped Perseus on his errand of death. Even the well informed politician who could oomfortably pick his way through central Africa is very often un ablo to tell the difference between a Pomak and a Zlnzar, a Yooryfe and an Arnaut or to say whether they aro fruits, implements or peoples. Not ohly Is the geography of tho country a highly complicated and un satisfactory study, seeing that nearly ev ery district, rlvor, lako and town is known by at least two wholly difforent names, tho one Turkish and tho other Slavonian, Greek or Albanian, both of which are oc casionally omitted from tho few mops we possess, but tho ethnography is moro be wildering than a Chinese puzzle, and no man born of woman can ever hope to solve the problems it offers In a way that will sntisfy the peoples of eastern Europe. In spite of a railway net of about 800 miles, communications with the interior aro not merely primitive and painful, but highly dangerous. It is practically impossible to visit any of tho outlying and mnny of the main districts without an escort of Turk ish zaptiehs, and sometimes even a few Ar naut cutthroats, as a homeopathic precau tion ovor and above. There aro places in Macedonia, especially in the country be tween the river Vardar, on the one side, and the Drin and Morava on the other, which have been untrodden by European feet since the days whon vvirllke Samuel was king, nbout 600 years ago.—Contem porary Rovlew. A Freak of Nature. The most wonderful piece of natural sculpture in the world may bo seen by any visitor to the Cape Verde islands. This specimen of natural art work is without doubt the most colossal and mnrvelous freak known to the geologists and geog raphers. San Vicento is the principal town of the islands. As tho ship enters the harbor of tho abovo named place one scos a bold ridge of dark volcanic rocks lying in the distance. The crest of this ridge forms an exact likeness of Washing ton, the figure lying apparently face up ward, as if in sleep. The large, bold fea tures, tho backward wave of tho hair, the rotund form of the massive shoulders, and even tho frills on his colonial shirt are reproduced on a scale of such magnitude and grandeur as to bo absolutely sturtling. The fidelity of the outline is such that the freakish forms assumed by tho stalactitos and stalagmites in the well known natural caverns are not suitable comparisons. This strange natural monument to tho greatest of American heroes is the first ob jeot to meet the gaze of the observing sightseer as ho approaches tho Cape Verde islands. With the boundless ocean for its background and the tropical sky overhang ing it, it is no flight of the imagination when wo say that tho freak forms a tab leau of overpowering magnificence.—St. Louis Republic. Cultivating Bacteria. To tho uninstructed mind it may smack of absurdity to say that at no distant day tho bacteria of butter and cheese will be cultivated as wo now cultivate other com mercial products. A writer on this subject says: “The fermontatlou of cream and of cheese is already ns much of an art as the fermentation of mnlt in the manufacture of beer. In the curing of toEacco the si ue activity is discovered, und tho day is not fa?4iistant when commorce in high bred tobacco bacteria wiil be an established foot. In short, we may look forward to. the day when tho bncteria active in agri culture will bo onrefully cultivated und tho bacterial herd book will be found along with those of the Jersey cow and tho Norman horse.” On a par with this is the sterilization of products, which proc ess is necessary before the thoroughbred bacteria is introduced.—New York Ledger, Just the Night. Young Husband (who moots his wife in the street)—Jennie, dear, I know you have been silently grieved and pained a long time on account of my ubsetco from homo at the club every evening. I am going to turn over a new leaf, and I am going to begin tonight. Young Wife—Oh, Edwin, you don’t know how happy you’ve mado me! Broth er Jack wants me to go to the theater with him tonight, and you can take care of the baby. So good by.—Boston Courier. Her Dilemma. Young Matron—Why so pensive, denrf Angelina—I’m desperate! Will adores mo in pale pink, while Max says I’m an angel in blue. I can’t havo but ono gown, so you see my whole future depends on tho color I select. It is sending mo crazy !— London Tit-Bits. A Flying Mouse. George Zonker has sent from the Camor oons n mammal of an entirely now speoios _a flying dormouse. Tho discoverer has boon honored in naming tho contribution to zoology, the name of Idlurus zenkerl being attached to its label. It is an attract ive little animal, with an exceedingly long and hairy tail, with hair arranged like the teeth of u comb. From the root of the tail to tho brushlike tip project long upright hairs. It has been called the fly ing dormouse from Its resemblance to Al loe In Wonderland's friend in the shape of its body, its skull and its teeth. In other rospects" It resembles a oertaln speoios of squirrels, while its skeleton shows charac teristics peculiar to the jerboa.—Cincinna ti Enquirer.