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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, December 10, 1895, Image 1

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Members of Both Houses Are
Hard at Work.
Addressed the Senate at Length on the Beh
ring Sea Claims.
His Bacent Utterances Characterized as
“Offensive”—Bills for Public Build
ings Aggregating $3,850,000
Introduced in the House.
Washington, Dec. 9.—The senate was
addressed today by Mr. Morgan, chair
man of the committee on foreign rela
tions and formerly a member of the Beh
ring sea Paris tribunal, in support of his
resolution offered on the 3d of December
referring to the committee on foreign
relations, the president’s special mes
sage on February 3, 1895, and his recent
annual message relating to the payment
by the United States of the claims of
Great Britain arising out of the Behring
sea controversy, with instructions to ex
amine into the question of liability on
the part of the United States and of lia
bility on the part of Great Britain or
Canada. Mr. Morgan, who. read his
speech from printe# slips, was very se
vere upon the British ambassador, Sir
Julian Pauncefote, characterizing as
"offensive” the ambassador's comments
upon the action of congress in refusing
an appropriation to pay the indemnity
for losses of British subjects owing to
the seizure of "sealers,” and asserting
that, as to many of those sealers, they
were the actual property, in whole or
in part, of American citizens who had
no such claim upon their own govern
ment. The British ambassador, Mr. Mor
gan stated with emphasis, had no right
to question members of congress for the
words spoken in debate, and his doings
also in diplomatic papers, whioh he hand
ed over to the American press for pub
lication, was an act of "intrusive arro
gance.” At one point of the speech he
indulged in a touch of sarcasm at the
expense of Sir Julian Pauncefote, who
had, he said, "buried him under his pon
derous logic,” and of the Earl of Salis
bury, who had "exhumed him for such
use as he might be found most conven
Mr. Morgan occupied two hours In the
delivery of his speech, and then the res
olution was agreed to.
The first two bills of this congress were
passed today—one of them to allow the
superior court of Pennsylvania the use
of the United States court houses at
Scranton and Williamsport, and the oth
er making an appropriation of *100,000
for a survey and plans of improvement
at the entrance of Biscayne Bay, Fla.
Senators Hill of New York and Caffery
of Louisiana made their first appearance
at the session today in the senate cham
ber, and the latter took the oath of office
under his election for the full term be
ginning March 4, 1895.
Mr. Cullom gave notice that he would
address the senate tomorrow on the sub
ject of the Monroe doctrine.
Mr. Berry of Arkansas introduced a bill
to form the Indian territory into the ter
ritory of Indianalo, and gave notice that
he would hereafter address the senate up
on the subject.
Among the number of bills referred was
one by Mr. Voorhees to pay a pension of
*200 a month to the widow of the late
Secretary of State Gresham.
A resolution calling on the president
for copies of all correspondence in the
state department on the subject of the
trial and imprisonment of John L. Wal
ler by the French authorities at Mada
gascar as introduced by Mr. Baker, re
publican, of Kansas, and was agreed to.
ivir. ntuc uucicu « ...—
Ing the judiciary committee to inquire
and ascertain what is the existing law
in the District of Columbia In relation to
the custody of minor children, and es
pecially whether the father of any minor
children may dispose of their custody
after his death by the provisions of his
last will and testament. The resolution
has reference to the ease of the Slaclf
children, now pending tn one of the dis
trict courts, In which the mother seeks
to regain possession of her children, now
held from her by virtue of their father's
wlU. Mr. Hale said he wanted to know
whether any such relic of barbaric law
existed here.
Mt. Harris suggested the committee on
the District of Columbia as the proper
committee to which the resolution should
be referred.
Mr. Hale expressed his willingness to
have the change of reference made.
Mr. Vest argued against the making
of. any report while the subject was
pending in a oourt of Justice.
Mr. Pugh objected to the resolution
being referred to any committee.
Mr. Hale said that if the low stands as
it Is set out In the petition of the Slack
case, then the thing is Intolerable and
the committee should report a new law
on the subject.
The resolution was finally referred to
the committee on the District of Colum
Among the bills introduced were these:
By Mr. Quay—To establish postal sav
ings banks. It provides for deposits of
from 10 cents to $10 at all money order
postofflces and for Interest on deposits
which do not exceed $500.
By Mr. Kyle, populist, of South Dakota
—Providing for the erection of buildings
costing not less th3n $6000 or more than
$50,000 In all towns with a population of
3000 or more, provided a suitable site is
donated by the people.
It also provides for the Issuance of
treasury notes not to exceed In the ag
gregate $100,000,000 to defray the cost of
these buildings.
Among the public building bills Intro
duced were the following:
By Mr. Call—Appropriating $200,000 for
a building at Ocala, Fla.; appropriating
$125,000 for a light house steamer for use
on the gulf coast of Florida; also appro
priating $25,000 for range lights at St.
Joseph bay and at St. Andrews bay, Fla.;
also placing the river and harbor im
provements of Pensacola, Fernandina,
Key West, Tampa bay, Charlotte har
bor and St. John’s river under the con
tract system, and appropriating $150,000
for various other -river nnd harbor im
provements iln Florida: also Igranting
American registers to the foreign built
barks Mlnde and John Ludwig, owned by
citizens of Florida.
" By Mr. Cameron—Authorizing the sale
of St. Francis barracks. St. Augustine,
Fla., and the purchase of a site of nine
acres between Marla Sanchez creek and
Matanzas river at a cost not to exceed
$30,009 and the erection thereon of the
necessary buildings for a military post.
After a brief executive session the sen
ate adjourned until tomorrow.
The House.
Washington, Dec. 9.—The house was in
session an hour and fifteen minutes to
day and almost the entire time was spent
in the discussion of resolutions for the
appointment of minor officials and the
employes of the house, including those
by courtesy given to the minority and
selected by the democratic caucus.
The first bill passed this session was
that changing the collection limits of the
port of Chicago bo as to include the state
of Illinois.
Mr. Price, democrat, of Louisiana,
made his first appearance at this con
gress and took the oath of office.
Various executive documents, includ
ing the annual reports of the attorney
general and the board of managers of
soldiers’ homes, were presented and re
The consideration of a resolution call
ing on the secretary of state for the cor
respondence in the Waller case, and an
other calling on the commissioner of pen
sions for the names of all pensioners
dropped from the pension rolls or re
duced met with objections.
Bills were introduced providing for
public buildings in different parts of the
country to cost in the aggregate $3,850,000.
Among these were the following items:
By Mr. Sparkman of Florida, $500,000
for Tampa; by Mr. Tyler of Virginia,
$150,000 for Portsmouth, Va., and $100,000
for Newport News, Va.
Mr. Low of New York introduced a
resolution directing the appointment of a
board of engineers to report upon the
feasibility of the establishment of a har
bor of refuge at Cape Lookout or at
some other point near Cape Hatteras.
Mr. Huling, republican, of West Vir
ginia, introduced a bill to reorganize
and increase the efficiency of the navy
and marine corps. The measure is the
same as that of the last congress intro
duced by Mr. Myer of Louisiana.
Other bills were introduced as follows:
By Mr. Johnson, republican, of Indiana
—Increasing the circulation of national
banks by authorizing them to take out
circulating notes to the par value of the
bonds they have on deposit.
By Mr. Noonan, republican, of Texas
Imposing an import duty of $30 per head
on Horses and mules and $10 per head on
all cattle; increasing the duty on wool
from 8 to 24 cents per pound, according
to the grade, and on hides rrom 5 to 50
By Mr. Bell, populist, of Colorado—To
maintain the parity between coins of the
United States by providing for payment
in gold and silver at the discretion of the
secretary of the treasury; also withdraw
ing the right of the secretary of the
treasury to issue bonds.
By Mr. Bailey, democrat, of Texas—To
secure the separation and independence
of the executive and legislative depart
ments by forbidding senators and mem
bers from soliciting, directly or indirect
ly, the appointment of persons to office.
Adjourned at 1:16 p. m. until tomorrow.
She Is Supposed to Be Loaded With Filibus
ters—She Was Too Swift fer the
Cutter Forward.
Key West, Fla., Dec. 9.—The revenue
cutter Forward returned from Cape Sa
ble today, where she had been sent by
Collector Brown to watch the Cuban
filibusters at that point. She reports
that on Saturday a steamer of about 600
. tons, apparently a yacht, came to anchor
about twelve miles from the cape. The
cutter got under way and steamed to
wards the stranger, and when within
about three miles of her the latter hove
up anchor and proceeded to sea, going
about three miles to the cutter’s one.
Several shots were fired at her, but no at
tention was paid to them.
The cutter picked up a ship's yawl
boat with four men—one American, two
Cubans and one negro. The American
acted as spokesman, and said that they
were bound to Key West from New York
by way of Tampa, but as they were so
near they had decided to take their boat
for Key West. He claimed not to know
the name of the steamer or Its destina
tion. Captain Roberts of the Forward
released the men.
It is thought by the officials here that
the camp at Cape Sable has been broken
up. For three months Collector Browne
has been watching the movements of
this party, and several times they have
changed their camp only to be again
located and closely watched, but not
withstanding all the precautions to pre
vent the sailing of this expedition taken
by the customs officials, the Tlmes-Un
lon’s correspondent Is reliably informed
that most of the men have left Cape
Sable and were on the steamer sighted
by the cutter Forward. The capture of
the arms and ammunition and a return
of part of the original party was part of
a well laid plan to deceive the officials
and call off the several cutters stationed
in that Vicinity. The many reports made
by the returning members vrere calcu
lated to create the Impression that the
expedition had been abandoned. It Is re
ported that the steamer had many men
on board, and also a large amount of
ammunition which had been picked up at
several places along the coast. Enrique
Collazo Is said to be In command of the
party. News of their safe landing Is
momentarily expected._
A Tug Lost.
L’Anse, Mich , Deo. 9 —The tug Pearl
B Campbell of the Inman line of Duluth
was lost off Huron island about forty
miles from L’Anse this morning. The
, entire crew was lost. The Campell was
under way from Marquette to Duluth.
The lost are: Capt. W. L. McGllvra,
master: Capt. John Lloyd, first mate;
George McCort. chief engineer; Fred
England, second engtneer; cook, name
1 unknown: two firemen, names unknown.
The tug had been working on the
schooners Kent and Moonlight, attempt
ing to release them, and good progress
was being made when heavy weather
compelled her to cease operations. The
crew of the Campbell said they were In
good condition for the trip and could
stund anything. They were advised to
wait until after the storm which, threat
ened, but nevertheless they put to sea.
A captain of a vessel In that vicinity at
the time says a fifty-mile an hour hur
ricane was blowing. The. tug was of
twenty-two tons burden and was valued
at $5000. All of the crew, with the excep
tion of McCort, were Duluth people, Mc
Cort being from Sheboygan, Mich. All
were single, but both captains were to
have been married shortly.
A Lumber Firm Fail*.
Kansas City, Mo.. Dec. 9.—The E. P.
Cowen Wholesale Lumber company
made an assignment this morning to O.
G. Young. Its assets are $30,000: liabili
ties, $100,000. Ten years ago this com
pany, under the management of Cowen,
made an Immense amount of money, but
Cowen became financially Involved, and
two years ago the business was pur
chased from him In a heavily embar
rassed condition by D. G. Saunders, Its
present proprietor. The company does
an exclusively wholesale business, but
creditors are nearly all out-of-town par
ties. Its offices are In the Keith & Perry
building. Luther C. Reason Is secretary.
Building His Scaffold Within His
He Assumed an Air of Braggadocio at the
As He Listened to Them Driving Nails in
the Scaffold—If His Spirit Comes
Back to Earth It Will Torture
Both Blixt and Adry.
Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. 9.—Harry
Hayward paced his harrow prison cell
this morning, while within 100 feet thfe
carpenters clattered boards and drovfe
nails, heralding to' the restless wretch
that his scaffold was in process of erec
tion. The Iron door between the cell
room and hanging court was closed, but
this did not prevent the muffled but dis
tinct sounds of preparation from smiting
the ear. Harry had not been informed
as to the work, but at the first sounds he
said, with a laugh, to his guard:
"They are off!"
He began to get moody In a short time,
however, sitting down only to arise with
a nervous movement, and uttering as he
“They can’t hang me but once, and I
guess I can stand that. Say, if I take
the rope all right and wait until they cut
me down, will they let me go If I get up
and walk oft?"
"Yes,” shortly replied the guard, but
he did not join In the laugh that rang
out from the lips of the prisoner.
"Say," and Harry loosened the clothing
about his neck with his index finger,
• thot T ixrr»r» ’ ♦ hp hurt all.
I won't know just when it occurs, unless
some devil who stood waiting for me
tells me all about it afterwards, for the
doctor says there is nothing but a sud
den soothing, dreamy feeling, and then a
blank. If the thing works all right I
won't care. Say, If a spirit can come;
back to earth you oan bet your last do!-,
lar I will, and then the prison bars will
not keep me from Bllxt or Adry. I will
torture both until they die. Somehow or
other I believe in a hereafter; but it is
such an uncertain quantity that I don't
take In much gospel stuff. I guess that I
will trust to luck and do the best I can af
ter I get Into the next world. Perhaps
they will give a fellow a chance to square
himself. There they go again, hammer
ing on that scaffold. That's right; I hope
they have good men, and will make it
strong. Everyone wants me to get weak
in the knees, but I am going to fool them.
They will find out whether Harry Hay
ward is a man of nerve or is the devil
in disguise.”
Clenching his teeth and looking savage
ly before him, Harry raved while Ex
Alderman S. C. Cuttor and his men were
building the platform and placing the 10
by 12 hanging beam. The platform will
be 8 feet 10 inches high, and the drop will
be between 7 and 8 feet._
He Committed No Offense in the Territory
of the United States.
Charleston, S. C., Dec. 9.—Judge H. W.
Brawler of the United States district
court handed down today his decision in
the case against Capt. Samuel Hughes,
the master of the steamer Laurada, with
which he is charged with violating the
neutrality laws of the United States.
Judge Brawler holds that while there
is no proof of an expedition begun within
the territory of the United States, there
is sufficient proof of an offense commit
ted on the high seas to Justify further in
vestigation. He therefore Issued an or
der holding Captain Hughes under bond
for trial at the approaching January
term of the court for the Eastern district
of South Carolina._
The Author of Coin’s Financial School Had a
Big and Enthusiastic House at
Nashville, Dec. 9.—(Special.)—Mr.
W. H. Harvey for three hours held spell
bound a packed audience at the Masonic
theater tonight. His speech was full of
facts, reason, history and force. The
silver men are Jubilant. Harvey charac
terized Cleveland and Carlisle as bastard
sons of democracy. He touched up
Joslah Patterson, which was applauded
to the echo. He told the republicans that
when they Indorsed John Bhermanism
they Indorsed Clevelandism. The Intro
duction of the speaker by Dillard Thomp
son was beautiful, eloquent, forceful and
was applauded for several minutes.
Representatives of the World’s Pair Wom
an’s Board Royally Entertained.
Atlanta, Dec. 9.—This was Michigan
day at the exposition and about 300 mem
bers of the Detroit chamber of commerce
and Detroit Manufacturers’ club came
to represent the state. They left Detroit
Friday afternoon and stopped at Chat
tanooga on the way. At Chattanooga
they were tendered a reception by Mayor
Ochs. They arrived in Atlanta this
morning and assembled in the auditori
um at the exposition at noon. President
Collier presided and delivered an address
of welcome. President J. H. Howard of
the chamber of commerce responded in
behalf of Michigan. The party will re
main in the city until Wednesday.
Mr. and Mrs. Potter Palmer, Mrs. W.
Q. Gresham, Mr. Otto Gresham,
Mrs. H. M. Shepard, Mrs. Susan
G. Cook, Miss Harriet Monroe,
Dr. Streeter, Mr. A. C. Honore and Mrs.
Roslna Ryan, representing the woman’s
board of the World's Columbian exposi
tion, reached the city today and were
escorted to the exposition by Mrs. Jo
seph Thompson, president of the wom
an's board, and Mrs. Clarence Knowles.
They were tendered a reception in the
assembly room of the woman's building
at 1 o’clock by the woman’s board. This
evening Mrs. Joseph Thompson gave a
reception to Mrs. Palmer at the Capital
City club, which was the most brilliant
event of the exposition season.
A King Dethroned.
London, Dec. 9.—A dispatch received
here from Cape Coast Castle says it Is
reported there that the ^shantees have
deposed King Premkeh, and that the war:
party have 'enthroned his mother as
queen in his stead.
Convention of the American Fed
eration of Labor.
Samusl Compers, Its Ex-President, Will Be a
He Wants the Convention to Define Its Po
sition on Politics—The Bond Deal De
nounced—New Constitutions
Are Badly Needed.
New York, Dec. 9.—The convention of
the American Federation of Labor was
opened this morning at Madison Square
garden. Labor leaders from all over the
country, Canada and Great Britain were
present to lend their hostage to the con
vention as an assemblage of the leading
representatives of the organized working
class of the United States.
The greatest interest is already dis
played in the election of officers, antT'the
friends of candidates are actively can
vassing for votes. Samuel Gompers, ex
president of the federation, Is sure to be
a candidate for the office again. There
was also some talk of removing the head
quarters from Indianapolis.
The convention will remain in session
for more than a week. Many important
questions will come up for debate and
action. Among the matters to be consid
ered is the subject of a general move
ment for the eight-hour work day on
May 1, 1896.
" euuesuay evening mere win De a
grand boll and reunion of all the labor
leaders at. Madison Square garden. In
vitations have been sent to men of prom
tence in nearly all the walks of life.
The convention opened in the assembly
rooms of Madison Square garden shortly
after 10 o’clock. The hall was elaborate
ly decorated with bunting and streamers,
and banners of various labor organiza
tions *ere also hung upon the walls. As
this Is the first time in twelve years that
the federation has met in this city the
convention has excited exceptional local
Interest, and th« assembly rooms and
corridors were crowded some time before
the proceedings begun.
John McBride, president of the federa
tion, called them to order, Introducing
Mr. Sullivan of this city, who delivered
the address of welcome.
President McBride responded in appro
priate terms as follows:
"Meeting as you do in this great city
of New York, the metropolis of America,
the center of wealth, pauperism and
crime, where dependence upon the part
of labor almost eliminates that spirit of
independence needed to assure good citi
zenship; where political jugglery with
the people’s Interests on one hand, and
reform movements that do not reform
on the other, eclipse the labor movement
and render It difficult for organized ef
fort to progress as it should, you will be
permitted to cast your eyes to Bedloe’s
island and feast them upon the statue
of Liberty Enlightening the World and
to take a glance at that noted thorough
fare called Wall street, where men learn
to prey upon their fellow-men; where a
few men concoct schemes which, when
put into operation, enable them to de
mand and collect tribute from the people
of all sections of our country, and, to
our shame be it said, frequently defy the
government by threatening to throttle It
financially—a threat that, because of our
peculiar system of finance, they are able
to execute successfully.
"The duty assigned to you by your con
stituents should be done fearlessly, but
with a proper regard for the rights of
all men. The task which you have before
you Is not a light one, but prompted by
the aims and purposes of our grand or
ganization to alleviate labor’s Ills, ame
liorate Its conditions and Improve Its
environments, the work to be done
Should be a work of love.”
On the vexed question of political ac
tion which has attracted so much atten
tion to the present gathering, and upon
ivhich nearly every delegate has been In
structed by his respective organization,
the president spoke at length, adopting
In a measure the views of both the con
servative and socialistic factions. .This
Is what he said:
Political Action.
"Have we a political programme? This
Is a disputed question. The Denver con
vention. by separate and distinct votes,
adopted twelve declarations of practical
belief, but a motion to adopt as a whole
was defeated, and In consequence of this
It Is held by some that the previous decla
rations were invalidated, while others
are of the opinion that each declaration
was complete in itself, and that the mo
tion to adopt as a whole was superfluous,
and Its adoption or rejection by the con
vention could neither add to or take from
the declarations previously made. In my
Judgment the latter position Is the cor
rect one, but I have not been called
upon to render a decision upon the ques
tion, and to satisfy those who have en
tertained doubts In the matter I ask that
you clearly define the position you intend
to bold along political lines. Whether
the declarations made at the Denver con
vention are approved or disapproved by
you, the self-evident truth confronts us
that wage-workers cannot hope to be
iree In the shops, mines and factories
while trudging In party slavery to the
polls. We cannot close our eyes and
thu* conceal the glaring effects in our
governmental treatment of Industrial la
bor, nor will we be permitted to much
longer neglect our duty to the people's
Interests, and to allow to go on un
checked and unchanged a system of dis
tribution In the value of labor's produc
tion which had Its greatest achievement
during the last decade, according to the
late census. In the phenomenal growth
of wealth, pauperism and crime. We
are compelled to admit, as we have long
recognized, that the denial of that lib
erty of a<*llon which permits men and
women to organize for mutual aid and
protection comes largely from corpora
tions engaged In operating plants of a
public character, and the franchises of
which thev obtained from the people.
"The railroad, telegraph and telephone
corporations in a national sense, and the
street railway, electric plant and water
work corporations In a municipal way,
ate more responsible for the curtailment
of liberty on the part of the employes
than Is all the manufacturing and pro
ducing capital In the country. To de
stroy this species of tyranny and op
pess'ion. and to restore and maintain for
employes the greatest individual liberty
consistent with public good, will neces
sitate the nationalizing of railroads, tel
egraphs and telephones, and the munic
ipal 'ownership of street railways, elec
trio light, gas and water work plants.
The people’s Interests can be better sub
served by employing public servants
than they can by the people themselves
remaining servants and serfs to individ
uals or corporations of the character
named. Besides the profits of operation
should accrue to the people rather than
to Individuals.
"As an organization we may decide to
leave polities alone, but unfortunately
for the interests of the organization and
Its members, politics will not let us alqine,
hence we are compelled, not from a sen
timental, but from a purely business
standpoint, to consider and act political
ly in such a manner and along such lines
as will yield practical results to the trade
union movement in its efforts to emelio
rate the wage workers’ condition In life.
We may not be agreed as to the scope of\
political work needed, and we may differ
as to the methods employed In political
reform work, but regardless of our dif
ferences in opinion as to either scope orji
methods, we all recognize the necesslt’5
of doing something, and doing It in £
manner that will Insure the hearty c®
operation of all our forces. The ld^
state of society, or form of governm4>,
aimed at by state socialists, phlloscJp -
cal anarchists, populists, single ttC?.s
and others should not be permitted to
stand in the way of immediate and prac
tical efforts, because the ideal state of
society hoped for can only be reached, If
ever It is reached, by an educational evo
lutionary process, which means too great
a delay to suit the masses of our wage
workers, who are asking for relief from
the ills of today rather than agitating
for reform that will secure the comfort
and happiness of coming generations.
According to the most reliable statistics
obtainable, there are fully 23,000,000 of
people employed, or should be, at gain
ful occupations in this country, and In
view of the fact that about one-teinth of
that number are members of organized
labor, and only a large portion of the lat
ter in the American Federation of Labor,
it would be a useless waste of time and
effort for you to attempt political reform
work along Independent lines. While
disagreeing over different isms we all
agree that reforms are needed, and It
should be our purpose at this time to act
only on matters of moment upon which
all are in hearty accord, and if this is
done 1t will be an easy matter to form
a plan of action, both political and co
operative, that will succeed in taking
from our federal courts powers which
have lately been arrogated by and not
delegated to them; to agree upon a meth
od for shortening the hours of labor, by
legislation, to eight per day or less, thus
enhancing the value of work and wages.
At this time it is not Independent party,
but independent voting that will accom
plish beneficent and speedy results. By
co-operating In the support of men and
measures favorable to labor Interests
you would soon have all parties striving
to secure the votes of organized labor.
By this means the nationalizing of tlto
means of transportation and communi
cation could be accomplished and the
municipal ownership of water, heat, light
and power plants be assured.”
XVUU.SMS tue xjouu uom.
On the recent Issue of government
bonds President McBride talked some
vigorous English. He said:
"The greatest crime of the nineteenth
century, and the most remarkable ever
perperated upon our people, was that
committed by the present national ad
ministration In adding to the bonded In
debtedness of our country In a time of
peace. The attempt to maintain a gold
reserve of $100,000,000 by a contract such
as was made by the Belmont-Morgan
syndicate was farcical to say the least,
butafarce only in so far as It was intend
ed to blind the people to the fact that
they were being robbed, deliberately and
unmercifully, In the interest of eastern
bankers and bondholders, whose only de
sire has been and now is the perpetua
tion of a system of bonded Indebtedness
on the part of the government. The
wickedness of the bond deal was exposed
to the syndicate advancing gold to the
government one day to increase the re
serve and the next day decreasing the re
serve by handing In national securities
and getting gold for them, and with this
gold purchasing new bonds having a long
lease of life. The eastern bankers, it
permitted, will continue draining the
gold reserve until new bonds replace the
old ones and an interest-bearing indebt
edness has again been established and
the life of national banks prolonged be
yond the present generation of men. The
I'unncio u-i tiUl. ill UUOU1CB3 1UI l II til
health, and they do not care what mis
ery they plunge the people Into, how em
barrassed the government becomes or
how heavily the people are taxed, so long
as their profits are assured; and why
should they? They are not fb blame. It
It humiliating, however, to think, at the
close of the nineteenth century, that a
national administration can be found su
pine enough, or corrupt enough, to per
mit the government to be held up and
plundered as ours has been plundered
during the pa3t year and a half. In the
earlier days of this government, when
statesmen and not politicians were guid
ing the ship of state, the banks were sub
ordinate to the government, but today
the government is at the mercy of the
banks, and the bankers dictate our sys
tem of finance snd laugh atf.ie protests
of the people against the tyranny of
their rule. You should not only protest
by resolution against the crime com
mitted, but bring your Influence to bear
upon your representatives In congress
to the end that they may provide against
a repetition or a continuance of this
great crime.
Sympathy for Cuba.
“What stronger evidence can be given
to the world to demonstate that the spir
it of liberty and progress still lives than
that of Cuba, formerly the slave mart of
the western world, now shaken from
center to circumference by a revolt for
freedom on the part of men who a few
years ago were sold as slaves to the high
est bidder? The Cuban revolt is in itself
deserving of a consideration and recog
nition at our hands, but when we remem
ber that the Spanish dynasty has always
evidenced hostility of republican govern
ments, even in the case of this country
we should be all the more determined
to insist upon fair treatment being ex
tended by the congress of the United
Slates to the revolutionists of Cuba and
1 J,™? ere tf!is convention adjourns you
will have adopted resolutions petltlon
ing congress to at least recognize Cubans
as 'belligerents.
Improvement Under Difficulties.
“While there has been and is now a ma
terial Improvement in trade conditions
as compared to those of the previous two
and one-half years, yet the improvement
has not been as pronounced as press
reports would lead us to believe and
such as It was—beneficial as It has been
—It did not relieve the strain upon the
American Federation of Labor until late
In the year. This was because nearly
all affiliated organizations had created
obligations during the continued indus
trial depression that had to be discharged
before their obligations to us could be
met. Regardless of the many disadvan
tages under which the federation labored
during the year, such progress was made
In our work that I am able to congratu
late you upon the fact that both numer
ically and financially til,* American Fed
eration Is stronger today than it was at
the end of 1894, and to assure you that
the prospects for the future are full of
(Continued on Beoond Page.)
Senator Hill Is Satisfied With
Mr. Peckham.
ger, Bloom & Co. vs. Schoolfield,
V Hanauer & Co.
Senator Cameron Has Announced That He
Will Not Be a Candidate for Be- •
Election—A Change in tho
Plans of Silver Men.
Washington, Dec. 9.—The senate com
mittee on the Judiciary, on motion of
Mr. Hill of New York, decided that a fa
vorable report be made on the nomina
tion of Rufus W. Peckham of New York
to be associate Justice of the supreme
court of the United States. Similar ac
tion was also taken with regard to the
nominations of Ex-Representatives Kil
gore and Springer, nominated to be
Judges of the United States court for the
district of Oklahoma.
There was but little discussion over the
nomination of Mr. Peckham, Mr. Hill
stating that he was perfectly satisfied
with the petition of his name; that If he
had been called upon to select a candi
date he could have made no better choice.
It will be remembered that when the
name of Judge Hornblower was sent in
Mr. Hill remarked that Rufus Peckham
should have been nominated. The nom
general way, Mr. Hill being able to en
lighten the rest of the committee as to
the legal attainments of the new justice.
Later in the day the senate in executive
session confirmed the nomination of
Judge Peckham, and also those of Walter
E. Faison of North Carolina, solicitor for
the department of state, and Elmer B.
Adams, United States judge for the East
ern district of Missouri.
A cable received at the navy depart
ment today reported the arrival of the
United States flagship San Francisco at
Berut, Syria, Saturday, from Mersine.
As now arranged Secretary Carlisle’s
annual report will not be presented to
congress until next Thursday.
The supreme court today issued but
one opinion, that by Mr. Justice White in
the case of Bamberger, Bloom & Co. vs.
Schoolfleld, Hanauer & Co., from the cir
cuit court for the Northern district of
Alabama. The point In the case was as
to the power of a debtor in failing cir
cumstances to give a preference. It waa
announced that under the laws of Ala
bama the preference was properly given,
and the judgment of the court below wa^
The court today disposed of the appeal
of the board of flour Inspectors, etc., of
New Orleans from the Judgment of the
circuit court for the Eastern district of
Louisiana in favor of B. F. Glover et al.,
enjoining them from forcing against ap
pellees an act of the Louisiana legisla
ture requiring certain inspection of flour
at New Orleans. The chief Justice said
the act In question had been repealed in
1892, and the appeal was dismissed on
the authority of Mills with Green, 159
United States.
The letter of Senator Cameron an
nouncing his retirement from the senate
in 1897 at the expiration of his present
term has made a change In the plans of
the silver men. Senator Cameron had
been agreed upon as the silver candidate
for the vacancy In the committee on
finance, and would have been selected.
It would be useless to place him in that
now, and the senator has suggested
that some one else be agreed upon. It
is understood that this has been done,
and Mr. Wolcott of Colorado will bo
given the place. t
Coroner Arbuckle Buys There Was No Evi
dence of Criminal Negligence.
Cleveland, O., Dec. 9.—Coroner Ar
bucklc this morning rendered a verdict in
the viaduct disaster in which eighteen
people were killed. He finds no one guil
ty In the case. The points of his verdict
"Nowhere are we able to find that said
deaths were due to an act on the part
of any person or persons which in itself
was a crime. I fail to find sufficient evi
dence of an act committed or omitted
on the part of any person or persons to
warrant me in holding said person or
persons criminally liable for causing the
death of any one or ail of the persons
aforesaid. I therefore find that the afore
said persons came to his or her death on.
November 16, 1895, and that said .persons
came to their said deaths as a result of-‘
said accident, either from injuries sus
tained then and there, or from drowning
in said river, and that said accident was
not the result of a wanton, reckless and,
willful disregard of duty on the part of'
any person or persons liable to criminal,
prosecution under the laws of Ohio.”
A Well-Known Tug Sold.
New Orleans, Dec. 9.—The ocean tug
Woodall, about which so much has been,
said and written on account of her al
leged filibustering intentions, will leave,
here In a few days for Baltimore with a.
cargo of sugar and molasses. She has
been purchased by a sea captain living
near Baltimore, who will use her In tbs
fish business, for which purpose -he was
originally designed. She cost to bulld
about $16,000, but It is stated the present
owner bought her for about half that
sum. It will be remembered that the
Woodall a short time ago was said to
be assisting the cause of the Cuban in
surgents by smuggling out of this coun
try contrabands of war and freighting
same to Cuba. It was never definitely
proved that she was engaged in this bus
iness. but it appeared then as an open
secret that she was engaged In the Inter
est of the revolutionists During her
stay In this part, and while under sur
veillance by the Spanish consul as a sus
pect, she was owned by a New York syn
dicate, from whom the Baltimore sea
captain purchased her.
The Prisoner Violated His Relative’s Hos
pitality and Daughter.
Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 9.—Sheriff Westcott
of Bibb county left Macon last night
with a posse in search of Tom Allen, an
escaped murderer. Allen is under set**
tence of death. He has been concealed
since his escape by a relative, wheat
hospitality and daughter he violated/
The relative betrayed his hiding placet
but the posse did not find him there tbla?
morning, although he was there yester

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