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BIRMINGHAM STATE HERALD._
VOLUME 22' BIRMINGHAM, ALA., FBI DAT, DECEMBER 20, 1895. NUMBER. 85. * __■ _ . r - _ •_ , _• J VOOiEES FULL OF FIGHT His Was the Only Speech Which Breathed War. SENATOR MORGAN’S SPEECH He Thinks the Senate Gught to Make Haste Slowly. THE HOUSE BILL WAS OBJECTED TO Further Action Will Bo Taken on It Today, When It Will Be Decided Whether to Pass It Immediately or lie fer It to a Committee. Washington, Dec. IS.—The discussion in the senate today on the house bill appropriating $100,000 for the proposed Venezuelan commission was marked by the unanimity of sentiment ns to the po sition taken by the president in his mes sage. The debate proceeded by unani mous consent as there was really no question before the senate, objection having been made to the second reading of the bill today and that objection car rying the bill over till tomorrow. The debate was opened by Mr. Morgan, who favored the passage of the bill just as it came from the house, aand would vote for its reference to the committee on for eign relations only on the condition that it would be reported back and acted on tomorrow. The only other senator who favored immediate action on the bill without its being considered by the com mittee was Mr. Vouchees, and his was the only speech which breathed war and defiance. He declared emphatically that Great Britain could nut go to war with the United Slates so long us Canada was a hostage on our northern border. Speeches were made moderate in tone and against hasty action by Senators Sherman. Lodge. Hawley and Teller. Mr. Teller s .speech was remarkaoie for the declaration that if war should en sue, which he deprecated and did not think probable, the United States would not be without European allies, and lie specified Russia, particularly, as waiting to seize the opportunity of opening the Dardanelles to her fleet, extending her domination over China and enlarging her possessions in India. At the close of the debate Mr. Morgan gave notice that there would be a meeting of the commit tee on foreign relations at 10 a. m. tomor row, when other resolutions embodying the principle of the house bill, and which have been heretofore referred to that committee, would be taken up so that a report should be made and action had tomorrow. The house bill wdll have its second reading as soon as the journal is ready, and then the motion of which Mr. Sherman gave notice today,to refer it to the committee on foreign relations, may be made. As soon as the journal of yesterday was read a clerk from the house deliv ered to the senate the Venezulan commis sion bill, and the vice-president laid it before the senate. Mr. Sherman moved that the bill be referred to the committee on foreign relations, but as his attention was called to the fact that the present chairman of that committee, Mr. Morgan, was not in the chamber, he withdrew It. Mr. Cockrell reported back favorably the concurrent resolution for the holiday recess from December 20 until Janua ry 3. Mr. Chandler objected to the present consideration of the concurrent resolu tion, and it went over till tomorrow. Mr. Hale Introduced a bill providing for an increase of the navy, and it was referred to the committee on naval af fairs. Mr. Allen, populist, of Nebraska, of fered a resolution instructing the finance committee to inquire whether It would not be expedient and proper for the gov ernment of the United. States at this time, “when the contingency of war be tween the British empire and the United States may suddenly arise,” to open its mints to the free and unlimited coinage of silver, and set the ratio at 16 to 1; also to issue an adequate volume of green backs and to withdraw the national bank of ctirronAV IqKIIP Mr. Platt moved to strike out the "whereas" In reference Jo war, and then both he and Mr. Gownan objected to Its consideration today. , , The vice-president then laid before the senate the president’s message, with ac companying documents on the subject of the outrages of the Armenians in the Turkish empire, and It was referred to the committee on foreign relations. The house bill appropriating $100,000 for the expenses of the proposed com mission to Venezuela was laid before (he senate, and Mr. Morgan, chairman of the committee on foreign relations, ad dressed the senate on the subject. The senate, he said, in considering a question of such gravity ought to deliberate as long as was proper and necessary In or der to come to an absolutely correct Judg ment and he therefore favored the ref erence of the bill to the committee on foreign relations. But. he said, he would object to any such reference unless the senate agreed that it would take no re cess until the committee should make Its report; for, while he would hasten slow ly In the matter, he would still make nil necessary speed. It was a question that was agitating the people of the Ilniled States and of the whole world, and d. lay would give an opportunity for the forma tion of inconsequent opinions that might become very unfortunate. He preferred to have the appropriation and delay the deliberation. He had doubts as to wheth er congress intended to intervene in that which was a diplomatic question, or whether it intended to leave to the pres ident of the United States the full and unembarrassed exercise of his constitu tional power In framing and shaping the diplomatic question for the future con sideration of congress. The divisional line between the functions of congress and of the president was a clear one. and was one which he did not care to cross by anticipation. As ?n Illustration of his meaning he Instanced the case of Mr. Blount, who was sent by the president as a special commissioner to Hawaii without nomination to or confirmation by the senate. That question was again In volved In this matter, and ought to be duly considered and acted on. It was for the senate to determine whether it would Interfere in the matter legislative ly now. or whether It would leave It where the president desired (as Indicated In his message) It to be left—in the hands of the executive. There was no difference of opinion, he believed, between the president and con gress as to the promptitude with which the question ought to be settled. He be lieved that the president and congress were In entire accord. So far as the Mon roe roctrlne was concerned, that was set tled by the action of the executive, at least; and the conclusions reached by the executive on it would be absolutely and unequivocally confirmed. He did not at all, he thought, mistake the sense of con gress or of the people of the United States on that subject. The question of the application of the doctrine to the present case was one which was settled by the president’s message quite as con clusively. But it was not settled abso lutely. The government had passed now an attitude on the Monroe doctrine that would gratify, he thought, the present generation of men and all generations of Americans who might live hereafter. It was an assertion of the right of the United States as the controlling nationality on this continent. It had been made and would stand as the law of the United States. He was inca pable of expressing the gratification he felt that a question which had been so long debated had at last received such a clear-cut definition. He could never ex press his gratitude that a conclusion had been arrived at so entirely comporting with the dignity and honor of the govern ment of the United States, with its pres tige among the nations of the world and with the sentiment of all the people of the country. Mr. Sherman, who Is to be Mr. Mor gan’s successor as chairman of the com mittee on foreign relations, was the next speaker. He expressed his general as sent to Mr. Morgan’s views and com mended the president’s message, but fa vored the reference of the house bill to the committee on foreign relations and its deliberations by that committee. He Indorsed the Monroe doctrine, but argued that Its application to a specific case was a matter of the gravest importance to the United States and to the world. The controversy was a serious one, said Mr. Sherman, but be had no doubt that the question would be settled peaceably. An assertion should be made of the right of the United States to prevent European powers from invading the American con tinent and treating it as they treated Af rica and Asia. American was settled now In every part by people of European origin, England having the greatest in terest. “Under the circumstances,’’ Mr. Sher man declared, “I do not expect that a war will ensue. T do not contemplate or wish to contemplate the possibility of such an event. I have seen enough of war in my time to dread its principles and its consequences. I do not wish, in the slightest degree, to say n word that would irrdionte that a war was likely to ensue afcout this small matter. At the same time I think that the president of the United States did right In taking the ground that it is our duty as the most powerful of American nations to say to the countries of Europe “those ^w’o con tinents are already occupied by Chris Utlll ci iiu wc Hie tvmum »>» fee that their rights shall not he trampled upon hy European powers!' As a matter of course we cannot Interfere In any agreement made between Venezuela and Great Britain as to the boundary be tween Venezuela and British Guiana, but I have a map here (pointing to it) which show's repeated encroachments made by Great Britain. This is a se rious controversy and Great Britain has taken the ground that she will not even submit It to arbitration. Now' T think the British people when they understand this matter will see that it has attracted the attention of the civilized world, and will not insist upon their refusal, es pecially w'hen.it is recollected that the Monroe doctrine was not, perhaps, as much the doctrine of Monroe as it was the doctrine of Mr. Canning, the English prime minister. While we are in no hur ry. T do not wish this matter to pend be yond the present session. But I do think that the bill ought to be referred to the committee on foreign relations, and that It should be acted upon prompt ly. Let that committee hear suggestions of amendment to the house bill. If all amendments be voted down by the com mittee and the senate, and If they choose to take the house bill well and good. We wdll pass it. But I demand the right of the senate to consider so grave a prop osition ns this and not to he hurried in its consideration. It Is supposed that w'o are a slow moving body. Well, we ought to be. This bill ought to be re ferred to the committee on foreign rela tions. and the committee should be In structed to report it back, say tomorrow or at any other day, and let it then be discussed In the senate. If the commit tee reports that amendments are nec essary and If the senate adopts those amendments I have no doubt that the house will also agree to it. That will show no haste, no excitement.” Mr. Lodge said that it would be diffi cult to exaggerate the gravity of the question Involved in the bill. It seemed to him that the proper course for the senate to take with such an Important matter was the usual course—to send the bill to the committee on foreign relations and to instruct that committee to re port ai imve—utmunwn, *». pleased. He did not think that congress ought to adjourn for the holidays until the bill was disposed of. He had not the least desire to delay action. On the con trary, he wished to expedite it in every possible wav. But he thought the ac tion taken by the senate in Its ordinary and usual way, after the report of a com mittee, would have far more weight and would meet much more certainly with the approbation of the whole American people thin if the bill was passed now without having consideration from the appropriations committee. If it were re ferred today it could come back tomor row and be passed by the senate. •■Let congress,” Mr. Lodge exclaimed, "remain in session until the bill is dis posed of. Surely, at this time senators are not going to set the ques tion of holiday against dealing with a matter which thvolves a principle on which are staked the interests and safety of the United States, and which may bring hostilities hetwein the two great English-speaking nations of the world. It is of the ut most importance that we shall show to the world that we arc united, without 'distinction of party or of section in sup port of the policy which the president's message outlines. We shall be willing to say, as we boasted, that our politics stop at the water's edge, and that when we come 1 o deal with a foreign question we are nil simply Americans. It has been freely charged In the English press pub lished In London and In that small edition of it published in the city of Newl York that this whole thing Is a matter of politics," and that It Is being used by the president for elec tioneering purposes. This is the most mistaken view ever uttered. I believe that the American people, without dis tinction of party, believe In the Monroe doctrine." Mr. Voorhees said he could see no rea son why action on the house bill could not be taken at once. He was not con templating war or peace. He was con templating what was right in the case. He was,not In haste, and the English government had not been in haste when it took five months to make up its mind what answer to give Mr. Olney’s dis patch. or whether it would answer It at all. He had no fear of war. He looked upon war as a horror and hoped that ev eiy Christian man did so. But there would be no war over this matter. "There Is a hostage," Mr. Voorhees ex claimed vehemently, “on this continent not of us. and the English will not fight on an Issue of this kind. She does not dare to do so. The commerce of the world is In English bottoms. No; there will be an adjustment and a settlement. Let us have that understood and we will go along peaceably. Let us now go for ward and settle the question for our selves so far as our responsibilities are involved. Let England have what be longs to her and no more. I trust that we will waste no further time on this great question, but dispose of It, pass the bill and let the president appoint his commis sion.” Mr. Allen objected to the second read ing of the bill today, so that the motion to refer could not be entertained. There could be no doubt, he said, that there was unanimous agreement in the senate on the question of the Monroe doctrine. Nobody misapprehended the force of that doctrine or what it was. But there might be a grave question as to its ap plication to this particular case. He looked upon it not as a rule of interna tional law. except so far as it was a rule of national self-defense. Mr. Hawley said it was not wise to as sume that great people will not light, and he regretted the exceedingly warlike tone of the speech of the senator from Indiana. What the senate of the United States wanted was the facts, and they could be had only through a commission. The bill should go to the committee for careful consideration. If the senate should act upon the bill without its hav ing received the mature consideration of the committee on foreign relations It would be reproached for having depart ed from its usual course. On the other hand, if it were sent to the committee various amendments would be offered to it; for Instance, that the commissioners should be nominated through and ap proved by the senate and that a time for final report should be fixed In the bill. Mr. Chandler, republican, of New Hampshire, obtained the floor, but his contribution to the discussion consisted in having read from the clerk's desk the memorial submitted to congress and the president last February on the part of English gentlemen to have a system of international arbitration established to prevent war. Mr. Teller contended' that in ordinary decency the senate ought to wait until the bill was reported from the committee on foreign relations. The president, he said, had the power to appoint a com mission without the consent of congress, but if he wanted the assistance of eon grpss he was entitled to it. The presi dent’s message, as a whole, met his hearty approval; but he had expected it. No piesident and no secretary of state, he said, had reached a point where he would retire before the assertion of the Monroe doctrine. It was, however, not merely the Monroe doctrine—it was the American doctrine. It was a doctrine which grew out of the right of self defense. "If," said he, “we believe that the es tablishment of colonies on the western hemisphere is contrary to our interests and threatening to our institutions, It is our right to say that they shall not be established. We do not resort to interna tional law for our defense—we resort to the rights of every nation to say th&t no other nation shall aggregate to itself so much power as to threaten its stability. ' Let the bill go to the committee, and If the committee wants two weeks to con sider. ora month, let the committee take that time. Nothing will be lost by delay. Great Britain Will understand our atti tude, and does not misunderstand now. We know that we are not willing to abandon the Monroe doctrine or to per mit European governments to interfere Improperly in American affairs. If wai> should break out it would be a universal war. We would not be without European allies. The Interests of certain European countries would be that we should de stroy the prestige of Great Britain, not only on sea, but on land. We know !t„ and the world knows it. The great Rus sian government, patiently waiting to get its advent to the sea, would find an opportunity which it has never yet had. Do you think it would be slow to take it’ Russia is waiting to crowd her domina tion on the line of British India. Do you suppose she would fall to do It? "She Is waiting to complete her com menced domination over China. Do you suppose she would fail to take the oppor tunity? an my judgment there is no dan ger of warover a trivial question like this. I do not wish to say that in the way of a threat. I do not believe that is the way to discuss the question. Neither Great Britain nor we can afford to go to war until there is a groat principle at stake and jt.great necessity for war. "It would be the most Inhuman thing it the world fur these two great English speaking people to go to war. There is no haste in this matter. It is a question involving the friendship, peace and pros perity of the two greatest nations of the world. Let us approach it as statesmen and senators ought. Let us not be Impa tient. And, above all, let us not be anx ious only to get political advantage, one side or the other. It is too big a question for party purposes and party gain. Let the question may be settled in such away that when Great Britain sees what you have done she win Know mat mere is a united nation back of it, and that we have, as we ought to have, the approval of the civilized world. We cannot afford to go to war until we have that, and that cannot be had until the facts are Judicial ly determined. "When that determlna-^ tion is made I am for acting In accord ance with the honor and dignity of the government of the United States, with out reference to what may be the result.” This closed the discussion, which was carried on throughout with much spirit, hut with no show of passion or excite ment. As Mr. Alien persisted in his ob jection to the second reading of the bill it had to lie on the table till tomorrow, when It will have its second reading and when the motion to refer it to the com mittee on foreign relations will be In or der. In the meantime Mr. Morgan, chairman of the committee, asked that the members meet in committee at 10 a. m. tomorrow, saying that.there were oth er resolutions before it embodying the Bame question, and that he believed the committee would be prepared to report to the senate tomorrow with such sug gestions as it might deem proper to make, when the senate could then take action on the biU. The resolution of Mr. Hall providing for an investigation into the charges that great corporations had attempted to con trol legislation, upon which a motion to reconsider was pending, was then taken up. and Mr. Call moved to amend by con fining the Investigation to the state of Florida. Mr. Faulkner, democrat, of West Vir ginia, moved to refer the resolution to the committee on privileges and elec tions, with Instructions to report upon the propriety of such an investigation. A spirited colloquy between Mr. Faulk ner and Mr. Call was cut short by a motion of Mr. Walthall, democrat, of Mississippi, to go inti executive session, which motion was agreed to, and at 2:30 the doors were closed. At 2:45 they were reopened and the sen ate adjourned until tomorrow. A Crazy Woman Suicides. Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 19.—Mrs. R. A. Duncan, aged 40, of Bedford county, Tenn., an Inmate of the retreat for the insane of thla place, committed suicide this morning by hanging herself with a piece of bed sheeting attached to an Iron grating. She had been an Inmate of the asylum less than one day. Her husband is a well-to-do farmer living near Man chester. THE ARMENIAN OUTRAGES A Communication on the Subject From Mr. Olney WAS SENT TO THE SENATE He Bears Testimony to Minister Terrell’s En ergy and Promptness. UNITED STATES CITIZENS ARE SAFE Their Property Is Being Destroyed, But the Turkish Government Will Bo Held Responsible for Immediate Satisfaction. _ fF" Washington, Dec. 19.—The president to day. transmitted to congress the commu nication from Secretary Olney on -the Armenian outrages in response to a reso lution of the senate. Secretary Olney states that the number of citizens of the United States resident in the Turkish empire is not accurately known, but there are 172 American missionaries and dependents scattered over Asia Minor. There are also a number of American citizens engaged in business in the Turk ish dominions, and others, originally Turkish subjects, but now naturalized citizens of the United States. The bulk of this American clement is to be found remote from our few consular establish ments. He bears testimony to the energy and promptness displayed by Minister Terrell in taking measures for their pro tection, which had received the moral support of the naval vessels of the United States. He adds that while the physical safety of the United States citizens seemed to be assured, their property had been destroyed at Harpoot and Marash— in the former case to the extent of $100, 000. The Turkish government had been notified that it would be held responsible for the immediate and full satisfaction of all injuries on thnt score. The loss of American property at Marash has not been ascertained, but a line aemanu tor accurate indemnity would be made as soon as the facts were known. The cor respondence refers to the killing of Frank l.enz, the American bicyclist, and states that six persons, Koorans and Armeni ans, were put on trial for the murder. The case of George Webber, a natural ized citizen of the United States, born in Bavaria, is referred to as deserving at tention. He is an old man of 70, who was capriciously arrested at Konia and trans ported part of the distance on foot and on a rough cart to Broussa, and thrown into prison, where he died during the night, without medical attendance, from the re sult of his rough treatment. Demand had been made for the removal of the officials guilty of this cruelty, who, it is slated, entirely disregarded Webber s American passport, but, it is added, "these Just demands have not so far borne fruit.” A third incident Is mentioned as fol lows: On the night of August 4 last the prem ises of Dr. Christie, principal of St. Paul’s institute at Tarsus, who was spending the summer months at the neighboring village of Namroun, were Invaded by an armed mob, obviously collected in pur suance of a preconcerted plan, and an outrageous attack made on a defenseless negro servant of Dr. Christie and on some students of the institute who were then at Namroun. The authors of this brutal attack were abundantly Identified, and through the prompt intervention of the United States consul at Beyrout and the consular agent at Mersine, the nearest port, a number of arrests wore made. Notwithstanding the peremptory demand of the United States minister for simple justice, the assailants were taken before the local judge of Tarsas and were re leased. So grave did this miscarriage of Justice appear that an early occasion was taken to send the Marblehead to Mar sine to investigate the incident and lend all proper moral aid to the consular rep resentatives of the United States in pressing for due redress. Their efforts to this end were most cordially seconded by the prefect of Mersine, and on October R last the accused, to the number of eight, were brought to trial at Tarsus and con victed upon the evidence, subsequently confessing their guilt. The signal re buke administered in high politics where responsibility really existed and abused, coupled with the aim of the im portant principle that American domicile in Turkey may not be violated with im punity, renders the conclusion of this In cident satisfactory. Secretary OI runic uinc; Resides the foregoing ease of physical Injuries to the persons of American citi zens. the language of the senate resolu tion may he construed as covering the eases of arrest of such citizens and of proceedings against them in violation of treaty rights. A number of Instances of this character have occurred. As the subject Is a development of a long stand ing contention between the United States and Turkey touching the true intent and construction of the article of the treaty in 1R3n in relation to the extra territorial jurisdiction of the United States over its citizens committing offenses in Tur key, Its elaborate discussion in this place in neither practicable nor opportune. It suffices to say that although the treaty in lerms gives to the ministers and consuls authority and power to punish Amer ican offenders, and absolutely excludes their imprisonment by the Turkish au thorities. the Ottoman government, while admitting to this extent the Kngllsh ren dering of the treaty, has on frequent oc casions assumed to Imprison citizens of the United States on criminal charges and denied the right of the agents of this government to effect their punishment. A fruitful source of such assertion of authority is found in the case of persons of Armenian origin naturalized in the United States and residing within the territorial Jurisdiction of Turkey, under circumstances suggesting their complici ty in the revolutionary schemes alleged to he rife in Asia Minor. Holding, as It must and should, that no distinction can exist under the statutes of the United States between natives and naturalized citizens, so it is as clearly the right and duty of this government to extend the full measure of its protection to the one as to the other,.and finding neither in the treaty nor in our jurisdictional legislation any distinction as to the char acter of the criminal offense charged, but, on the contrary, seeing that both our laws, our ministers and consuls have express jurisdiction over charges of in surrection and rebellion when committed in a foreign country by American citi zens, as well ns over lesser offenses of a similar rb«reet»r—this government Is unable to forego its right In the premises 1 and cannot relinquish Jurisdiction over any citizen, even though after naturali zation he return to his native land and Identify hlmsdf with Its political con spirators. The right to try and punish our citizens committing offenses in Tur key has been so uniformly and ably up held by the successive secretaries of state, since contention on the subject was first broached, that no dimunltlon of our claim can be considered at this im portant juncture. Consequently the United States minister at Constantinople has been instructed to claim all rights under the fourth article of the treaty of 1830, and to offer territory to any Ameri can citizen charged with Insurrection, re bellion, sedition or like offense; or, in the event of such offer being refused, to de mand the release of the accused. Inas much, however, as Ithls government does not contest the paramount right of a sovereign state to exclude or deport fo.’J adequate cause and in a proper mannf £ aliens whose resort to Its territory mf he pernicious to the safety of the st? y the release of such persons upon co/ - tion of their leaving the country is /Jpt gainsaid. Three Instances of unjust treatmnt of American citizens of Armenian birth are given as illustrations. Louisiana" republicans. The Fight, Was Between the Heed and Mc Kinley Forces. New Orleans, Dec. 19.—The state cen tral committee of the Louisiana republi cans held a meeting today, at which there was a full attendance and some rather lively passages of words and al most blows. It was an Important political meeting because it was the beginnlnsfof the bat tle for the control of the southern delega tions to the national republican conven tion next year. The Interests of three republican candi dates for president were looked after. Ex-Senator William Pitt Kellogg came here especially. It Is said, to look after Mr. Reed's forces, while Governor Mc Kinley's were attended by those two republican war horses, Capt, A. T. Wim berly, ex-collector of internal revenue, and Henry Demas, the -well-known col ored state senator. Ex-Governor War moth looked after the interests of Ex President Harrison, but was by himself in a hopeless minority. The result of the stormy meeting was success for the sup porters of Governor McKinley, who will get the delegation from this state. Noth ing else of particular Interest was trans acted. THE DEADLY PISTOL Two Men Received Cold Lead Yesterday, One at Huntsville and the Other at Longview. Huntsville, Dec. 19.—(6peclal.)*-Wlll Mason was dangerously shot by George DavlB tonight. It is reported that Ma son was struck three times. Particulars can't be obtained. At Longview. News reached the city last night that the postmaster at Longview, a small sta tion between Birmingham and Montgom ery, was shot and seriously wounded. As there is no telegraph office at the place no particulars could be obtained. The shooting occurred about 6 o’clock. The Spree Ashore. London, Dec. 19.—Lloyd’s agent at Totland bay. Isle of Wight, telegraphed at 5:10 o’clock this morning that the Ger man steamship Spree, from New York December 10 for Bremen, stranded on Warden Ledge, but will probably float at the next floodtide. Tugs are nosy,land ing her passengers and mails. It is likely that a portion of her cargo will have to be moved. The weather is quiet and the sea calm. The passengers of the stranded steam er Spree were landed here. Those des tined for Bremen, thence to other parts of the continent, will wait a reasonable time for the floating of the Spree and re embark on her if she should be floated. She cannot be floated, however, before midnight, when the tide will again be at the flood. Many of the passengers, in the event of her not being floated, will probably take a train for London and proceed thence on their journey by the way of Flushing, while some will remain awaiting the sailing of a special steamer for Bremen on Saturday._ Suspected Counterfeiters Arrested. Jackson, Miss., Dec. 19—The Jackson police arrested three men last night for passing counterfeit money, one white man, who gives his name as William Stanley, a plasterer, from Chicago. The others are negroes, giving their names as Alex Saunders and Henry Mitchell of Rockville, Ind. „ . , All of them had pockets full of spuri ous quarters when arrested. They had been in Jackson since Sunday, and shoved the "queer” right and left, es pecially among the city population. The police think that In Stanley they have a first-class all-round crook. He claims to have found the bag of bad quarters on the street. United States Commissioner Mosely will Investigate the matter. yvnowier inat iui uiaoiuo »» ****““■ Albany, N. Y„ Dec. 19.—The court of appeals today rendered a decision sus taining the decision of the general terra In the case of the people appellants against Erastus Wyman. This was an appeal from a judgment and order made by the general term reversing the Judg ment of conviction and granting a new triftl Wiman was a member of the firm of R. G. Dun & Co. and was convicted of for gery and sentenced to five and a half years In state prison. The court of ap peals decision affirms the general term decision, granting a new trial mainly on account of the Judge directing the Jury In his charge on the trial._ A Bill for More Warships. ■Washington, Dec. 19.—Mr. Hale today Introduced in the senate a bill authoriz ing the president to have constructed by contract, to the lowest responsible bid der, six sea-going coast line steel bat tleships of about 11,000 tons displacement, designed to carry the heaviest armor and the most powerful ordnance, and of the highest rate of speed, to cost $4,000, 000 each, and for twenty-five torpedo boats to cost $175,000 each. Not more than two of the battleships nor more than six of the torpedo boats are to be built on the Pacific coast, nor more than two of either class built In one yard. Killed at Fitzpatrick. Montgomery, Dec. 19.—(Special.)—To day at Fitzpatrick. Ala., an altercation occurred between Dr. S. Baldwin and Wade Edison, both prominent citizens of the county, and Baldwin shot his antago nist dead. The information that comes here Is that the killing was done in self defense. Baldwin Is prominently con nected in Montgomery._ TUSKALOOSA. One Saloon Less in Tuskaloosa Before the Arrival ol Santa Claus. Tuskaloosa, Dec. 19.—(Special.)—A. Mc Gill’s saloon was closed up here today by an attachment issued by Atlanta par ties. Liabilities and assets unknown. C Eufaula. C % A COLORED THIEF CAUGHT IN THE ACT Adolph Gerald Jumps I'rom an Electric Car and Breaks His Arm—Delightful lie tainment-Supreme Court Re ports—Montgomery Briefs. Montgomery, Dec. 10.—(Special.)—A jury today gjive a verdict annulling the last will of Lucy Ann Lucas, deceased, on the ground of undue influence. Lucy Ann was a rich colored widow', and when she died she surprised everybody by leav ing a will bequeathing all of her prop erty, a good many thousand dollars' worth, to an old negro man, an Imbecile, who was in no way related to her, and cutting out her two daughters, Missouri and Ann. M.t Burke wa,s named as trus tee of the property. The daughters con tested onuhe ground that Burke had un duly influenced the negress against her children, and the Jury ucquivsced in the opinion. ! Mr. Dolpli Gerald Injured. Mr. Adolph Gerald, son of Montgom ery's chief of police, In jumping from a moving electric car last night was thrown heavily upon the pavement, and sustained a painful fracture of one of his arms. uaugnt in ino net. A negro boy, who has been driving the buggy of Chief of Fire Department Rob inson, was arrested a few days ago for reckless driving. The oflicers had emptied his poekets and were preparing to lock him up, when Mr. Robinson en tered and went his bail. During the pro ceedings Robinson glanced at a bundle of keys that came out of the boy’s pock et, and recognized a key to the cash drawer in his, Robinson’s, saloon. Of late considerable money, in a small way, has been missed from this drawer, and the chief put his bartenders on to the boy. Yesterday they deposited ten sil ver dollars in the drawer and purposely, stepped out on the sidewalk In front, leaving the boy in the saloon. When they returned two of the dollars were gone. Inquiry, revealed the fact that the negro had recently secured the key to the drawer and had a duplicate made from it. He was bound over to the grant) jury this morning. A Delightful Entertainment. A very delightful entertainment was given tonight at the rooms of the Com mercial and Industrial association. Mrs. Cora Stuart Wheeler of Boston and Miss Mabelle Biggart of New York enter tained the members of the club and their families, Mrs. Wheeler reading from her stories, poems and legends, and Miss' Biggart presenting a dramatized reading from Adam Bede. The affair %vas very, delightful and instructive. T1 e Supreme Court. The following orders were granted by, the supreme court today: Frank McDonald vs. Montgomery Street railway, from Montgomery circuit! court; submitted on briefs. The Dunham Dumber company vs. W. C. Holt, from Montgomery circuit court; submitted on briefs. Fons Dyons, alias, etc., vs. the state of Alabama, from Downdes circuit court; submitted on briefs. Bob Smith vs. the state of Alabama, from Montgomery circuit court; submit ted on briefs. Albert Thomas vs. the state of Alaba ma. from Montgomery circuit court; sub mitted on briefs. Warren Carson vs. the state of Ala bama, from Downdes circuit court (two cases); submitted on briefs. Randall Douglass vs. the state of Ala bama, from Montgomery city court; ar gued and submitted. Dennis Salter vs. the state of Alaba ma, from Conecuh circuit court; submit ted on briefs. Paul McQueen vs. the state of Alaba ma, from Butler circuit court; submitted on briefs. Bradley rur company vs. j. r-uuucn oc Co., garnishees, from Walker circuit court; submitted on briefs on motion to amend Judgment nunc pro tunc. Bob Peagler, Sr., et al. vs. the state of Alabama, from Butler circuit court; con tinued by appellee. The state of Alabama vs. David Flem ing. from Montgomery circuit court; continued by consent. Moore, Kirkland & Co. vs. Westing house Electric and Manufacturing com pany, from Montgomery circuit court; argued and submitted on motions to amend and to dismiss. E. H. Andrews vs. Leo K. Steiner, from Jefferson circuit court; submitted on motions to sot aside and to suspend Judgment. Ex-parte E. W. Rucker, petition for prohibition to Judge of the Tenth Judicial circuit; argued, and submitted. S. D. Wharton, administrator, etc., et al. vs. T. W. Hannon, from Montgomery city court: submitted on briefs. Gay, Hardle & Co.* vs. Charlotte Thompson Rogers, from Montgomery circuit court; argued and submitted. J. C. Cheney, surviving trustee, etc., vs. Emily T. Nathan, from Montgomery chancery court; submitted on briefs. William H. Knowles vs. Morris Adler, from Montgomery chancery court; sub mitted on briefs. Among the attorneys in attendance on the court today were Messrs. John P. Till man, Samuel D. Weakley, Edward K. Campbell, Henry K. White and George Huddleston of Birmingham, Edward DeGraffenreid of Greensboro, A. S. Van deGraaf of Tuskaloosa and John B. Knox of Anniston. Montgomery in Brief. The governor today announced the ap pointment of J. Wallace Weakley as Jus tice of the peace at Jacksonville, Cal houn county, and of George Oklie of De mopolis as commissioner of Marengo coustty. Governor Oates has gone to Eufaula on some private business, and will be absent for several days. Mr. T. L. Hackett and Miss Mamie Taylor, two popular young people of this city, were married last night by Father Savage in his parlor. Spain Don’t I.ike It. Madrid. Dec. 19.—Madrid newspapers, commenting on President Cleveland'! message to the United States congress, agree In regarding the document as rais ing grave Issues.