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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, December 20, 1895, Image 1

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His Was the Only Speech Which
Breathed War.
He Thinks the Senate Gught to Make Haste
Further Action Will Bo Taken on It Today,
When It Will Be Decided Whether
to Pass It Immediately or lie
fer It to a Committee.
Washington, Dec. IS.—The discussion
in the senate today on the house bill
appropriating $100,000 for the proposed
Venezuelan commission was marked by
the unanimity of sentiment ns to the po
sition taken by the president in his mes
sage. The debate proceeded by unani
mous consent as there was really no
question before the senate, objection
having been made to the second reading
of the bill today and that objection car
rying the bill over till tomorrow. The
debate was opened by Mr. Morgan, who
favored the passage of the bill just as
it came from the house, aand would vote
for its reference to the committee on for
eign relations only on the condition that
it would be reported back and acted on
tomorrow. The only other senator who
favored immediate action on the bill
without its being considered by the com
mittee was Mr. Vouchees, and his was
the only speech which breathed war and
defiance. He declared emphatically that
Great Britain could nut go to war with
the United Slates so long us Canada was
a hostage on our northern border.
Speeches were made moderate in tone
and against hasty action by Senators
Sherman. Lodge. Hawley and Teller.
Mr. Teller s .speech was remarkaoie
for the declaration that if war should en
sue, which he deprecated and did not
think probable, the United States would
not be without European allies, and lie
specified Russia, particularly, as waiting
to seize the opportunity of opening the
Dardanelles to her fleet, extending her
domination over China and enlarging
her possessions in India. At the close of
the debate Mr. Morgan gave notice that
there would be a meeting of the commit
tee on foreign relations at 10 a. m. tomor
row, when other resolutions embodying
the principle of the house bill, and which
have been heretofore referred to that
committee, would be taken up so that a
report should be made and action had
tomorrow. The house bill wdll have its
second reading as soon as the journal
is ready, and then the motion of which
Mr. Sherman gave notice today,to refer it
to the committee on foreign relations,
may be made.
As soon as the journal of yesterday
was read a clerk from the house deliv
ered to the senate the Venezulan commis
sion bill, and the vice-president laid it
before the senate. Mr. Sherman moved
that the bill be referred to the committee
on foreign relations, but as his attention
was called to the fact that the present
chairman of that committee, Mr. Morgan,
was not in the chamber, he withdrew It.
Mr. Cockrell reported back favorably
the concurrent resolution for the holiday
recess from December 20 until Janua
ry 3.
Mr. Chandler objected to the present
consideration of the concurrent resolu
tion, and it went over till tomorrow.
Mr. Hale Introduced a bill providing
for an increase of the navy, and it was
referred to the committee on naval af
Mr. Allen, populist, of Nebraska, of
fered a resolution instructing the finance
committee to inquire whether It would
not be expedient and proper for the gov
ernment of the United. States at this
time, “when the contingency of war be
tween the British empire and the United
States may suddenly arise,” to open its
mints to the free and unlimited coinage
of silver, and set the ratio at 16 to 1; also
to issue an adequate volume of green
backs and to withdraw the national bank
of ctirronAV IqKIIP
Mr. Platt moved to strike out the
"whereas" In reference Jo war, and then
both he and Mr. Gownan objected to Its
consideration today. , ,
The vice-president then laid before the
senate the president’s message, with ac
companying documents on the subject
of the outrages of the Armenians in the
Turkish empire, and It was referred to
the committee on foreign relations.
The house bill appropriating $100,000
for the expenses of the proposed com
mission to Venezuela was laid before (he
senate, and Mr. Morgan, chairman of the
committee on foreign relations, ad
dressed the senate on the subject. The
senate, he said, in considering a question
of such gravity ought to deliberate as
long as was proper and necessary In or
der to come to an absolutely correct Judg
ment and he therefore favored the ref
erence of the bill to the committee on
foreign relations. But. he said, he would
object to any such reference unless the
senate agreed that it would take no re
cess until the committee should make Its
report; for, while he would hasten slow
ly In the matter, he would still make nil
necessary speed. It was a question that
was agitating the people of the Ilniled
States and of the whole world, and d. lay
would give an opportunity for the forma
tion of inconsequent opinions that might
become very unfortunate. He preferred
to have the appropriation and delay the
deliberation. He had doubts as to wheth
er congress intended to intervene in that
which was a diplomatic question, or
whether it intended to leave to the pres
ident of the United States the full and
unembarrassed exercise of his constitu
tional power In framing and shaping the
diplomatic question for the future con
sideration of congress. The divisional
line between the functions of congress
and of the president was a clear one. and
was one which he did not care to cross
by anticipation. As ?n Illustration of his
meaning he Instanced the case of Mr.
Blount, who was sent by the president
as a special commissioner to Hawaii
without nomination to or confirmation by
the senate. That question was again In
volved In this matter, and ought to be
duly considered and acted on. It was
for the senate to determine whether it
would Interfere in the matter legislative
ly now. or whether It would leave It
where the president desired (as Indicated
In his message) It to be left—in the hands
of the executive.
There was no difference of opinion, he
believed, between the president and con
gress as to the promptitude with which
the question ought to be settled. He be
lieved that the president and congress
were In entire accord. So far as the Mon
roe roctrlne was concerned, that was set
tled by the action of the executive, at
least; and the conclusions reached by the
executive on it would be absolutely and
unequivocally confirmed. He did not at
all, he thought, mistake the sense of con
gress or of the people of the United
States on that subject. The question of
the application of the doctrine to the
present case was one which was settled
by the president’s message quite as con
clusively. But it was not settled abso
lutely. The government had passed now
an attitude on the Monroe doctrine that
would gratify, he thought, the present
generation of men and all generations of
Americans who might live hereafter. It
was an assertion of the right of the
United States as the controlling
nationality on this continent. It
had been made and would stand as the
law of the United States. He was inca
pable of expressing the gratification he
felt that a question which had been so
long debated had at last received such a
clear-cut definition. He could never ex
press his gratitude that a conclusion had
been arrived at so entirely comporting
with the dignity and honor of the govern
ment of the United States, with its pres
tige among the nations of the world and
with the sentiment of all the people of
the country.
Mr. Sherman, who Is to be Mr. Mor
gan’s successor as chairman of the com
mittee on foreign relations, was the next
speaker. He expressed his general as
sent to Mr. Morgan’s views and com
mended the president’s message, but fa
vored the reference of the house bill to
the committee on foreign relations and
its deliberations by that committee. He
Indorsed the Monroe doctrine, but argued
that Its application to a specific case was
a matter of the gravest importance to the
United States and to the world. The
controversy was a serious one, said Mr.
Sherman, but be had no doubt that the
question would be settled peaceably. An
assertion should be made of the right of
the United States to prevent European
powers from invading the American con
tinent and treating it as they treated Af
rica and Asia. American was settled
now In every part by people of European
origin, England having the greatest in
“Under the circumstances,’’ Mr. Sher
man declared, “I do not expect that a
war will ensue. T do not contemplate or
wish to contemplate the possibility of
such an event. I have seen enough of
war in my time to dread its principles
and its consequences. I do not wish, in
the slightest degree, to say n word that
would irrdionte that a war was likely to
ensue afcout this small matter. At the
same time I think that the president of
the United States did right In taking the
ground that it is our duty as the most
powerful of American nations to say to
the countries of Europe “those ^w’o con
tinents are already occupied by Chris
Utlll ci iiu wc Hie tvmum »>» fee
that their rights shall not he trampled
upon hy European powers!' As a matter
of course we cannot Interfere In any
agreement made between Venezuela and
Great Britain as to the boundary be
tween Venezuela and British Guiana,
but I have a map here (pointing to it)
which show's repeated encroachments
made by Great Britain. This is a se
rious controversy and Great Britain has
taken the ground that she will not even
submit It to arbitration. Now' T think
the British people when they understand
this matter will see that it has attracted
the attention of the civilized world, and
will not insist upon their refusal, es
pecially w'hen.it is recollected that the
Monroe doctrine was not, perhaps, as
much the doctrine of Monroe as it was
the doctrine of Mr. Canning, the English
prime minister. While we are in no hur
ry. T do not wish this matter to pend be
yond the present session. But I do
think that the bill ought to be referred
to the committee on foreign relations,
and that It should be acted upon prompt
ly. Let that committee hear suggestions
of amendment to the house bill. If all
amendments be voted down by the com
mittee and the senate, and If they choose
to take the house bill well and good.
We wdll pass it. But I demand the right
of the senate to consider so grave a prop
osition ns this and not to he hurried in
its consideration. It Is supposed that
w'o are a slow moving body. Well, we
ought to be. This bill ought to be re
ferred to the committee on foreign rela
tions. and the committee should be In
structed to report it back, say tomorrow
or at any other day, and let it then be
discussed In the senate. If the commit
tee reports that amendments are nec
essary and If the senate adopts those
amendments I have no doubt that the
house will also agree to it. That will
show no haste, no excitement.”
Mr. Lodge said that it would be diffi
cult to exaggerate the gravity of the
question Involved in the bill. It seemed
to him that the proper course for the
senate to take with such an Important
matter was the usual course—to send the
bill to the committee on foreign relations
and to instruct that committee to re
port ai imve—utmunwn, *».
pleased. He did not think that congress
ought to adjourn for the holidays until
the bill was disposed of. He had not the
least desire to delay action. On the con
trary, he wished to expedite it in every
possible wav. But he thought the ac
tion taken by the senate in Its ordinary
and usual way, after the report of a com
mittee, would have far more weight and
would meet much more certainly with
the approbation of the whole American
people thin if the bill was passed now
without having consideration from the
appropriations committee. If it were re
ferred today it could come back tomor
row and be passed by the senate.
•■Let congress,” Mr. Lodge exclaimed,
"remain in session until the bill is dis
posed of. Surely, at this time senators
are not going to set the ques
tion of holiday against dealing
with a matter which thvolves a
principle on which are staked the
interests and safety of the United
States, and which may bring hostilities
hetwein the two great English-speaking
nations of the world. It is of the ut
most importance that we shall show to
the world that we arc united, without
'distinction of party or of section in sup
port of the policy which the president's
message outlines. We shall be willing to
say, as we boasted, that our politics stop
at the water's edge, and that when we
come 1 o deal with a foreign question we
are nil simply Americans. It has been
freely charged In the English press pub
lished In London and In that small
edition of it published in the city of Newl
York that this whole thing Is
a matter of politics," and that
It Is being used by the president for elec
tioneering purposes. This is the most
mistaken view ever uttered. I believe
that the American people, without dis
tinction of party, believe In the Monroe
Mr. Voorhees said he could see no rea
son why action on the house bill could
not be taken at once. He was not con
templating war or peace. He was con
templating what was right in the case.
He was,not In haste, and the English
government had not been in haste when
it took five months to make up its mind
what answer to give Mr. Olney’s dis
patch. or whether it would answer It at
all. He had no fear of war. He looked
upon war as a horror and hoped that ev
eiy Christian man did so. But there
would be no war over this matter.
"There Is a hostage," Mr. Voorhees ex
claimed vehemently, “on this continent
not of us. and the English will not fight
on an Issue of this kind. She does not
dare to do so. The commerce of the
world is In English bottoms. No; there
will be an adjustment and a settlement.
Let us have that understood and we will
go along peaceably. Let us now go for
ward and settle the question for our
selves so far as our responsibilities are
involved. Let England have what be
longs to her and no more. I trust that we
will waste no further time on this great
question, but dispose of It, pass the bill
and let the president appoint his commis
Mr. Allen objected to the second read
ing of the bill today, so that the motion
to refer could not be entertained. There
could be no doubt, he said, that there
was unanimous agreement in the senate
on the question of the Monroe doctrine.
Nobody misapprehended the force of that
doctrine or what it was. But there
might be a grave question as to its ap
plication to this particular case. He
looked upon it not as a rule of interna
tional law. except so far as it was a rule
of national self-defense.
Mr. Hawley said it was not wise to as
sume that great people will not light, and
he regretted the exceedingly warlike
tone of the speech of the senator from
Indiana. What the senate of the United
States wanted was the facts, and they
could be had only through a commission.
The bill should go to the committee for
careful consideration. If the senate
should act upon the bill without its hav
ing received the mature consideration of
the committee on foreign relations It
would be reproached for having depart
ed from its usual course. On the other
hand, if it were sent to the committee
various amendments would be offered to
it; for Instance, that the commissioners
should be nominated through and ap
proved by the senate and that a time for
final report should be fixed In the bill.
Mr. Chandler, republican, of New
Hampshire, obtained the floor, but his
contribution to the discussion consisted
in having read from the clerk's desk the
memorial submitted to congress and the
president last February on the part of
English gentlemen to have a system
of international arbitration established
to prevent war.
Mr. Teller contended' that in ordinary
decency the senate ought to wait until
the bill was reported from the committee
on foreign relations. The president, he
said, had the power to appoint a com
mission without the consent of congress,
but if he wanted the assistance of eon
grpss he was entitled to it. The presi
dent’s message, as a whole, met his
hearty approval; but he had expected it.
No piesident and no secretary of state,
he said, had reached a point where he
would retire before the assertion of the
Monroe doctrine. It was, however, not
merely the Monroe doctrine—it was the
American doctrine. It was a doctrine
which grew out of the right of self
"If," said he, “we believe that the es
tablishment of colonies on the western
hemisphere is contrary to our interests
and threatening to our institutions, It
is our right to say that they shall not be
established. We do not resort to interna
tional law for our defense—we resort to
the rights of every nation to say th&t no
other nation shall aggregate to itself so
much power as to threaten its stability. '
Let the bill go to the committee, and If
the committee wants two weeks to con
sider. ora month, let the committee take
that time. Nothing will be lost by delay.
Great Britain Will understand our atti
tude, and does not misunderstand now.
We know that we are not willing to
abandon the Monroe doctrine or to per
mit European governments to interfere
Improperly in American affairs. If wai>
should break out it would be a universal
war. We would not be without European
allies. The Interests of certain European
countries would be that we should de
stroy the prestige of Great Britain, not
only on sea, but on land. We know !t„
and the world knows it. The great Rus
sian government, patiently waiting to
get its advent to the sea, would find an
opportunity which it has never yet had.
Do you think it would be slow to take it’
Russia is waiting to crowd her domina
tion on the line of British India. Do you
suppose she would fall to do It?
"She Is waiting to complete her com
menced domination over China. Do you
suppose she would fail to take the oppor
tunity? an my judgment there is no dan
ger of warover a trivial question like this.
I do not wish to say that in the way of
a threat. I do not believe that is the way
to discuss the question. Neither Great
Britain nor we can afford to go to war
until there is a groat principle at stake
and jt.great necessity for war.
"It would be the most Inhuman thing
it the world fur these two great English
speaking people to go to war. There is
no haste in this matter. It is a question
involving the friendship, peace and pros
perity of the two greatest nations of the
world. Let us approach it as statesmen
and senators ought. Let us not be Impa
tient. And, above all, let us not be anx
ious only to get political advantage, one
side or the other. It is too big a question
for party purposes and party gain. Let
the question may be settled in such away
that when Great Britain sees what you
have done she win Know mat mere is a
united nation back of it, and that we
have, as we ought to have, the approval
of the civilized world. We cannot afford
to go to war until we have that, and that
cannot be had until the facts are Judicial
ly determined. "When that determlna-^
tion is made I am for acting In accord
ance with the honor and dignity of the
government of the United States, with
out reference to what may be the result.”
This closed the discussion, which was
carried on throughout with much spirit,
hut with no show of passion or excite
ment. As Mr. Alien persisted in his ob
jection to the second reading of the bill
it had to lie on the table till tomorrow,
when It will have its second reading and
when the motion to refer it to the com
mittee on foreign relations will be In or
der. In the meantime Mr. Morgan,
chairman of the committee, asked that
the members meet in committee at 10 a.
m. tomorrow, saying that.there were oth
er resolutions before it embodying the
Bame question, and that he believed the
committee would be prepared to report
to the senate tomorrow with such sug
gestions as it might deem proper to
make, when the senate could then take
action on the biU.
The resolution of Mr. Hall providing for
an investigation into the charges that
great corporations had attempted to con
trol legislation, upon which a motion to
reconsider was pending, was then taken
up. and Mr. Call moved to amend by con
fining the Investigation to the state of
Mr. Faulkner, democrat, of West Vir
ginia, moved to refer the resolution to
the committee on privileges and elec
tions, with Instructions to report upon
the propriety of such an investigation.
A spirited colloquy between Mr. Faulk
ner and Mr. Call was cut short by a
motion of Mr. Walthall, democrat, of
Mississippi, to go inti executive session,
which motion was agreed to, and at 2:30
the doors were closed.
At 2:45 they were reopened and the sen
ate adjourned until tomorrow.
A Crazy Woman Suicides.
Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 19.—Mrs. R. A.
Duncan, aged 40, of Bedford county,
Tenn., an Inmate of the retreat for the
insane of thla place, committed suicide
this morning by hanging herself with a
piece of bed sheeting attached to an Iron
grating. She had been an Inmate of the
asylum less than one day. Her husband
is a well-to-do farmer living near Man
A Communication on the Subject
From Mr. Olney
He Bears Testimony to Minister Terrell’s En
ergy and Promptness.
Their Property Is Being Destroyed, But the
Turkish Government Will Bo Held
Responsible for Immediate
_ fF"
Washington, Dec. 19.—The president to
day. transmitted to congress the commu
nication from Secretary Olney on -the
Armenian outrages in response to a reso
lution of the senate. Secretary Olney
states that the number of citizens of the
United States resident in the Turkish
empire is not accurately known, but
there are 172 American missionaries and
dependents scattered over Asia Minor.
There are also a number of American
citizens engaged in business in the Turk
ish dominions, and others, originally
Turkish subjects, but now naturalized
citizens of the United States. The bulk
of this American clement is to be found
remote from our few consular establish
ments. He bears testimony to the energy
and promptness displayed by Minister
Terrell in taking measures for their pro
tection, which had received the moral
support of the naval vessels of the United
States. He adds that while the physical
safety of the United States citizens
seemed to be assured, their property had
been destroyed at Harpoot and Marash—
in the former case to the extent of $100,
000. The Turkish government had been
notified that it would be held responsible
for the immediate and full satisfaction
of all injuries on thnt score. The loss of
American property at Marash has not
been ascertained, but a line aemanu tor
accurate indemnity would be made as
soon as the facts were known. The cor
respondence refers to the killing of Frank
l.enz, the American bicyclist, and states
that six persons, Koorans and Armeni
ans, were put on trial for the murder.
The case of George Webber, a natural
ized citizen of the United States, born in
Bavaria, is referred to as deserving at
tention. He is an old man of 70, who was
capriciously arrested at Konia and trans
ported part of the distance on foot and on
a rough cart to Broussa, and thrown into
prison, where he died during the night,
without medical attendance, from the re
sult of his rough treatment. Demand
had been made for the removal of the
officials guilty of this cruelty, who, it is
slated, entirely disregarded Webber s
American passport, but, it is added,
"these Just demands have not so far
borne fruit.”
A third incident Is mentioned as fol
On the night of August 4 last the prem
ises of Dr. Christie, principal of St. Paul’s
institute at Tarsus, who was spending
the summer months at the neighboring
village of Namroun, were Invaded by an
armed mob, obviously collected in pur
suance of a preconcerted plan, and an
outrageous attack made on a defenseless
negro servant of Dr. Christie and on some
students of the institute who were then
at Namroun. The authors of this brutal
attack were abundantly Identified, and
through the prompt intervention of the
United States consul at Beyrout and the
consular agent at Mersine, the nearest
port, a number of arrests wore made.
Notwithstanding the peremptory demand
of the United States minister for simple
justice, the assailants were taken before
the local judge of Tarsas and were re
leased. So grave did this miscarriage of
Justice appear that an early occasion was
taken to send the Marblehead to Mar
sine to investigate the incident and lend
all proper moral aid to the consular rep
resentatives of the United States in
pressing for due redress. Their efforts
to this end were most cordially seconded
by the prefect of Mersine, and on October
R last the accused, to the number of eight,
were brought to trial at Tarsus and con
victed upon the evidence, subsequently
confessing their guilt. The signal re
buke administered in high politics where
responsibility really existed and abused,
coupled with the aim of the im
portant principle that American domicile
in Turkey may not be violated with im
punity, renders the conclusion of this In
cident satisfactory.
Secretary OI runic uinc;
Resides the foregoing ease of physical
Injuries to the persons of American citi
zens. the language of the senate resolu
tion may he construed as covering the
eases of arrest of such citizens and of
proceedings against them in violation of
treaty rights. A number of Instances of
this character have occurred. As the
subject Is a development of a long stand
ing contention between the United States
and Turkey touching the true intent and
construction of the article of the treaty
in 1R3n in relation to the extra territorial
jurisdiction of the United States over
its citizens committing offenses in Tur
key, Its elaborate discussion in this place
in neither practicable nor opportune. It
suffices to say that although the treaty in
lerms gives to the ministers and consuls
authority and power to punish Amer
ican offenders, and absolutely excludes
their imprisonment by the Turkish au
thorities. the Ottoman government, while
admitting to this extent the Kngllsh ren
dering of the treaty, has on frequent oc
casions assumed to Imprison citizens of
the United States on criminal charges
and denied the right of the agents of this
government to effect their punishment.
A fruitful source of such assertion of
authority is found in the case of persons
of Armenian origin naturalized in the
United States and residing within the
territorial Jurisdiction of Turkey, under
circumstances suggesting their complici
ty in the revolutionary schemes alleged
to he rife in Asia Minor. Holding, as It
must and should, that no distinction can
exist under the statutes of the United
States between natives and naturalized
citizens, so it is as clearly the right
and duty of this government to extend
the full measure of its protection to the
one as to the other,.and finding neither
in the treaty nor in our jurisdictional
legislation any distinction as to the char
acter of the criminal offense charged,
but, on the contrary, seeing that both
our laws, our ministers and consuls have
express jurisdiction over charges of in
surrection and rebellion when committed
in a foreign country by American citi
zens, as well ns over lesser offenses of a
similar rb«reet»r—this government Is
unable to forego its right In the premises
1 and cannot relinquish Jurisdiction over
any citizen, even though after naturali
zation he return to his native land and
Identify hlmsdf with Its political con
spirators. The right to try and punish
our citizens committing offenses in Tur
key has been so uniformly and ably up
held by the successive secretaries of
state, since contention on the subject
was first broached, that no dimunltlon of
our claim can be considered at this im
portant juncture. Consequently the
United States minister at Constantinople
has been instructed to claim all rights
under the fourth article of the treaty of
1830, and to offer territory to any Ameri
can citizen charged with Insurrection, re
bellion, sedition or like offense; or, in the
event of such offer being refused, to de
mand the release of the accused. Inas
much, however, as Ithls government does
not contest the paramount right of a
sovereign state to exclude or deport fo.’J
adequate cause and in a proper mannf £
aliens whose resort to Its territory mf
he pernicious to the safety of the st? y
the release of such persons upon co/ -
tion of their leaving the country is /Jpt
Three Instances of unjust treatmnt
of American citizens of Armenian birth
are given as illustrations.
Louisiana" republicans.
The Fight, Was Between the Heed and Mc
Kinley Forces.
New Orleans, Dec. 19.—The state cen
tral committee of the Louisiana republi
cans held a meeting today, at which
there was a full attendance and some
rather lively passages of words and al
most blows.
It was an Important political meeting
because it was the beginnlnsfof the bat
tle for the control of the southern delega
tions to the national republican conven
tion next year.
The Interests of three republican candi
dates for president were looked after.
Ex-Senator William Pitt Kellogg came
here especially. It Is said, to look after
Mr. Reed's forces, while Governor Mc
Kinley's were attended by those two
republican war horses, Capt, A. T. Wim
berly, ex-collector of internal revenue,
and Henry Demas, the -well-known col
ored state senator. Ex-Governor War
moth looked after the interests of Ex
President Harrison, but was by himself
in a hopeless minority. The result of the
stormy meeting was success for the sup
porters of Governor McKinley, who will
get the delegation from this state. Noth
ing else of particular Interest was trans
Two Men Received Cold Lead Yesterday, One
at Huntsville and the Other at
Huntsville, Dec. 19.—(6peclal.)*-Wlll
Mason was dangerously shot by George
DavlB tonight. It is reported that Ma
son was struck three times. Particulars
can't be obtained.
At Longview.
News reached the city last night that
the postmaster at Longview, a small sta
tion between Birmingham and Montgom
ery, was shot and seriously wounded.
As there is no telegraph office at the
place no particulars could be obtained.
The shooting occurred about 6 o’clock.
The Spree Ashore.
London, Dec. 19.—Lloyd’s agent at
Totland bay. Isle of Wight, telegraphed
at 5:10 o’clock this morning that the Ger
man steamship Spree, from New York
December 10 for Bremen, stranded on
Warden Ledge, but will probably float at
the next floodtide. Tugs are nosy,land
ing her passengers and mails. It is likely
that a portion of her cargo will have to
be moved. The weather is quiet and the
sea calm.
The passengers of the stranded steam
er Spree were landed here. Those des
tined for Bremen, thence to other parts
of the continent, will wait a reasonable
time for the floating of the Spree and re
embark on her if she should be floated.
She cannot be floated, however, before
midnight, when the tide will again be at
the flood. Many of the passengers, in
the event of her not being floated, will
probably take a train for London and
proceed thence on their journey by the
way of Flushing, while some will remain
awaiting the sailing of a special steamer
for Bremen on Saturday._
Suspected Counterfeiters Arrested.
Jackson, Miss., Dec. 19—The Jackson
police arrested three men last night for
passing counterfeit money, one white
man, who gives his name as William
Stanley, a plasterer, from Chicago. The
others are negroes, giving their names as
Alex Saunders and Henry Mitchell of
Rockville, Ind. „ . ,
All of them had pockets full of spuri
ous quarters when arrested. They had
been in Jackson since Sunday, and
shoved the "queer” right and left, es
pecially among the city population. The
police think that In Stanley they have
a first-class all-round crook. He claims
to have found the bag of bad quarters on
the street. United States Commissioner
Mosely will Investigate the matter.
yvnowier inat iui uiaoiuo »» ****““■
Albany, N. Y„ Dec. 19.—The court of
appeals today rendered a decision sus
taining the decision of the general terra
In the case of the people appellants
against Erastus Wyman. This was an
appeal from a judgment and order made
by the general term reversing the Judg
ment of conviction and granting a new
Wiman was a member of the firm of R.
G. Dun & Co. and was convicted of for
gery and sentenced to five and a half
years In state prison. The court of ap
peals decision affirms the general term
decision, granting a new trial mainly on
account of the Judge directing the Jury
In his charge on the trial._
A Bill for More Warships.
■Washington, Dec. 19.—Mr. Hale today
Introduced in the senate a bill authoriz
ing the president to have constructed by
contract, to the lowest responsible bid
der, six sea-going coast line steel bat
tleships of about 11,000 tons displacement,
designed to carry the heaviest armor
and the most powerful ordnance, and of
the highest rate of speed, to cost $4,000,
000 each, and for twenty-five torpedo
boats to cost $175,000 each. Not more
than two of the battleships nor more
than six of the torpedo boats are to be
built on the Pacific coast, nor more than
two of either class built In one yard.
Killed at Fitzpatrick.
Montgomery, Dec. 19.—(Special.)—To
day at Fitzpatrick. Ala., an altercation
occurred between Dr. S. Baldwin and
Wade Edison, both prominent citizens of
the county, and Baldwin shot his antago
nist dead. The information that comes
here Is that the killing was done in self
defense. Baldwin Is prominently con
nected in Montgomery._
One Saloon Less in Tuskaloosa Before the
Arrival ol Santa Claus.
Tuskaloosa, Dec. 19.—(Special.)—A. Mc
Gill’s saloon was closed up here today
by an attachment issued by Atlanta par
ties. Liabilities and assets unknown.
C Eufaula.
Adolph Gerald Jumps I'rom an Electric Car
and Breaks His Arm—Delightful lie
tainment-Supreme Court Re
ports—Montgomery Briefs.
Montgomery, Dec. 10.—(Special.)—A
jury today gjive a verdict annulling the
last will of Lucy Ann Lucas, deceased,
on the ground of undue influence. Lucy
Ann was a rich colored widow', and when
she died she surprised everybody by leav
ing a will bequeathing all of her prop
erty, a good many thousand dollars'
worth, to an old negro man, an Imbecile,
who was in no way related to her, and
cutting out her two daughters, Missouri
and Ann. M.t Burke wa,s named as trus
tee of the property. The daughters con
tested onuhe ground that Burke had un
duly influenced the negress against her
children, and the Jury ucquivsced in the
opinion. !
Mr. Dolpli Gerald Injured.
Mr. Adolph Gerald, son of Montgom
ery's chief of police, In jumping from a
moving electric car last night was
thrown heavily upon the pavement, and
sustained a painful fracture of one of
his arms.
uaugnt in ino net.
A negro boy, who has been driving the
buggy of Chief of Fire Department Rob
inson, was arrested a few days ago for
reckless driving. The oflicers had
emptied his poekets and were preparing
to lock him up, when Mr. Robinson en
tered and went his bail. During the pro
ceedings Robinson glanced at a bundle
of keys that came out of the boy’s pock
et, and recognized a key to the cash
drawer in his, Robinson’s, saloon. Of
late considerable money, in a small way,
has been missed from this drawer, and
the chief put his bartenders on to the
boy. Yesterday they deposited ten sil
ver dollars in the drawer and purposely,
stepped out on the sidewalk In front,
leaving the boy in the saloon. When
they returned two of the dollars were
gone. Inquiry, revealed the fact that the
negro had recently secured the key to
the drawer and had a duplicate made
from it. He was bound over to the grant)
jury this morning.
A Delightful Entertainment.
A very delightful entertainment was
given tonight at the rooms of the Com
mercial and Industrial association. Mrs.
Cora Stuart Wheeler of Boston and Miss
Mabelle Biggart of New York enter
tained the members of the club and their
families, Mrs. Wheeler reading from her
stories, poems and legends, and Miss'
Biggart presenting a dramatized reading
from Adam Bede. The affair %vas very,
delightful and instructive.
T1 e Supreme Court.
The following orders were granted by,
the supreme court today:
Frank McDonald vs. Montgomery
Street railway, from Montgomery circuit!
court; submitted on briefs.
The Dunham Dumber company vs. W.
C. Holt, from Montgomery circuit court;
submitted on briefs.
Fons Dyons, alias, etc., vs. the state
of Alabama, from Downdes circuit court;
submitted on briefs.
Bob Smith vs. the state of Alabama,
from Montgomery circuit court; submit
ted on briefs.
Albert Thomas vs. the state of Alaba
ma. from Montgomery circuit court; sub
mitted on briefs.
Warren Carson vs. the state of Ala
bama, from Downdes circuit court (two
cases); submitted on briefs.
Randall Douglass vs. the state of Ala
bama, from Montgomery city court; ar
gued and submitted.
Dennis Salter vs. the state of Alaba
ma, from Conecuh circuit court; submit
ted on briefs.
Paul McQueen vs. the state of Alaba
ma, from Butler circuit court; submitted
on briefs.
Bradley rur company vs. j. r-uuucn oc
Co., garnishees, from Walker circuit
court; submitted on briefs on motion to
amend Judgment nunc pro tunc.
Bob Peagler, Sr., et al. vs. the state of
Alabama, from Butler circuit court; con
tinued by appellee.
The state of Alabama vs. David Flem
ing. from Montgomery circuit court;
continued by consent.
Moore, Kirkland & Co. vs. Westing
house Electric and Manufacturing com
pany, from Montgomery circuit court;
argued and submitted on motions to
amend and to dismiss.
E. H. Andrews vs. Leo K. Steiner,
from Jefferson circuit court; submitted
on motions to sot aside and to suspend
Ex-parte E. W. Rucker, petition for
prohibition to Judge of the Tenth Judicial
circuit; argued, and submitted.
S. D. Wharton, administrator, etc., et
al. vs. T. W. Hannon, from Montgomery
city court: submitted on briefs.
Gay, Hardle & Co.* vs. Charlotte
Thompson Rogers, from Montgomery
circuit court; argued and submitted.
J. C. Cheney, surviving trustee, etc.,
vs. Emily T. Nathan, from Montgomery
chancery court; submitted on briefs.
William H. Knowles vs. Morris Adler,
from Montgomery chancery court; sub
mitted on briefs.
Among the attorneys in attendance on
the court today were Messrs. John P. Till
man, Samuel D. Weakley, Edward K.
Campbell, Henry K. White and George
Huddleston of Birmingham, Edward
DeGraffenreid of Greensboro, A. S. Van
deGraaf of Tuskaloosa and John B. Knox
of Anniston.
Montgomery in Brief.
The governor today announced the ap
pointment of J. Wallace Weakley as Jus
tice of the peace at Jacksonville, Cal
houn county, and of George Oklie of De
mopolis as commissioner of Marengo
Governor Oates has gone to Eufaula on
some private business, and will be absent
for several days.
Mr. T. L. Hackett and Miss Mamie
Taylor, two popular young people of this
city, were married last night by Father
Savage in his parlor.
Spain Don’t I.ike It.
Madrid. Dec. 19.—Madrid newspapers,
commenting on President Cleveland'!
message to the United States congress,
agree In regarding the document as rais
ing grave Issues.

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