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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, December 21, 1895, Image 1

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The Senate Agreed to Mr. Al
len’s Resolution
To Inquire Into the Expediency of Opening the
Mints to Silver.
t;;e senate passed the house bill
Not a Dissenting Vote—The Blind Chaplain’s
Prayer lor “Peace on Earth and Good
Will Towards Men” Accorded
an Unusual Privileg?.
Washington, Dec. 20.—The house was in
session but twenty minutes today and
transacted but little business of im
Mr. Thomas, republican, of Michigan,
presented a resolution reciting the fact
of an election for congressman in the
tirst district of Virginia on November
6, 18‘J4, resulting in the return of W. A.
Jones; that J. J. McDonnell, a candidate
at the election, alleged fraud in the con
test, which, if eliminated, would result
in his (McDonnells) election, and grant
ing McDonnell permission to contest
Jones’ election as if it had begun in due
and regular order. This, with a sworn
statement of the case, was referred to the
committee on elections. At 12:20 the
house took a recess for one hour. It re
assembled at 1:20 and immediately ad
journed until tomorrow without trans
acting any further business.
The Senate.
The proceedings in the senate to
day were opened by a prayer
by its blind chaplain, invoking
the Christmas influence ol’ "peace on
earth and guud will towards men." It
was delivered with such feeling, earnest
ness and eloquence that it was ordered
to be printed in the Record—a very ur
usual privilege to be accorded to a chap
lain’s opening prayer.
The day, however, did not respond to
that peaceful opening, and when the hour
of adjournment came the senate had
passed without amendment and without
a single negative vote the house bill ap
propriating *100,000 for a commission to
report to the president on the true divi
sional line between the rejiubltc of Ven
ezuela and British Guiana.
Mr. Shermans, republican, of Ohio,
amendment flxing the number of com
missioners at three and requiring their
appointment with the advice of the sen
ate, was reported from the committee
on foreign relations, but it had very little
support in the senate, and was, at the
close of the debate, laid on the table
without a division and with only two or
three negative votes—the vote being viva
The debate took a more exciting turn
than that of the preceding day. it was
opened by Mr. Platt, republican, of Con
necticut, who said there was no reason
to suppose that war was to be precipi
tated, but that the American people were
never more in earnest since the revolu
tion than they were now.
Mr. Sherman made a plea, declaring
himself, that the matter would be settled
by arrangement between Great Britain
and Venezuela without a drop of Amer
ican blood being shed.
Mr. Mills deprecated war, and inquired
how the revenues to carry on war were
to be obtained. He suggested that before
going into a war the constitution should
be amended so as to enable congress to
levy personal taxes, particularly the in
come tax.
Mr. Lodge, republican, of Massachu
setts, derided the attempt of English cap
italists to create a panic in Wall street,
and notified them that the call
of loans was not the road to an honora
ble and peaceful settlement.
Mr. Stewart, populist, of Nevada,
ascribed the aroused feeling of the Amer
ican people to English arrogance, and
declared that England could put an end
to the excitement by being honest and
Mr. White, democrat, of California, be
lieved that when the facts became known
there would be an honorable solution of
the difficulty.
Mr. Caffery, democrat, of Louisiana,
looked upon the appointment of the pro
posed commission as a warlike step and
as a very ' xtreme application of the
Monroe doc e.
Mr. Char. gave a touch of humor
and sprightl ss to the debate by laud
ing the pre. it (with more or less sin
cerity) for l owing himself to be patriot
ic and American and for being Inspired
by the geniuses of Massachusetts in the
btate department.
Mr. Turpie, democrat, of Indiana, spoke
of the bill as "the crossing of the Rubi
con.” And so the discussion went on to
the close, when the bill was passed just
as it came from the house.
After the passage of the Venezuelan
commission bill the senate went into ex
ecutive session, and there, among other
things, agreed to the house concurrent
resolution for a holiday recess, with an
amendment flxing its beginning for to
morrow and its close for the 6th of Jan
When the floors were reopened a mes
sage from the president was laid before
the senate urging the necessity of prompt
aid for the finances of the government,
and that congress should not take a re
cess until the necessary financial action
be provided.
Before the Venezuelan matter came be
fore the senate, the resolution offered
yesterday by Mr. Allen, populist, of Ne
braska. directing the finance committee
to inquire into the advisability of open
ing our mints to the free coinage of silver
and the issue of treasury notes to provide
for the contingency of war between the
British empire and the United States of
America, was taken up, and Mr. Allen
proceeded to deliver some very caustic
remarks at the expense of the president
and his supporters on both sides of the
chamber. He said he could conceive of no
sufficient reason for the delivery of the
president's message. There did not seem
to be any demand for it. It occurred to
him that the president, having lost the
confidence of the people to some extent
during the administration of he wo years
vears and nine months, was seeking to re
store himself and Ms party to their confi
dence. Mr. Allen referred to the bill re
cently Introduced by Mr. Hill, to enable
ex-Confederate officers to be commis
sioned as officers In the army
and navy of the United States,
the one introduced by Mr. Chan
dler for an appropriation for $100,
000,000 for rifles and cannons, and two in
troduced by Mr. Hale, for increase of the
navy and for a reconstruction of the
United States ship Constitution, as so
many proofs of the war spirit in the
It was necessary, Mr. Allen thought.
for the populist party to take a stand In.
the matter. It would not do, he said,
to permit the president and his dis
tinguished associates In the senate to
carry off all the glory and honor. It
would not do to permit the democratic
party and the republican party in the
senate to take off all the glory and honor
Incident to the Monroe doctrine. It was
necessary that the populist party should
have a standing in the matter. Thus real
izing that fact, the resolution had been
prepared, as money was essential to war.
Mr. Platt moved to refer the resolution
to the committee on finance. Defeated—
yeas 24, nays 36, as follows: Teas:
Messrs. Allison, Brice, Burrows, Caffery,
Cameron, Chandler, Galllnger, Gorman,
Hale, Hawley, Lodge, McMillan, Martin,
Mills, Mitchell of Wisconsin, Morrill,
Platt, Proctor, Quay, Sewell, Sherman,
Smith, Thurston, Wetmore—24.
Nays—Messrs. Allen, Bacon, Baker,
Bate, Berry, Blackburn, Butler, Call,
Carter, Chilton, Clark, Cockrell, Dubois,
Gibson, Harris, Jones of Arkansas, Jones
of Nevada, Kyle, Mantle, Mitchell of Or
egon, Morgan, Nelson, Pasco, Peffer,
Perkins, Pettigrew, Pritchard, Roach,
Stewart, Teller, Tillman, Vest, Voorhees,
Walthall, Warren, Wilson—36.
The resolution was then agreed to, Mr.
Allen having withdrawn the preamble.
It now reads:
Resolved, That tne committee on
finance be and they are hereby directed
and instructed to inquire and report by
bill or otherwise whether it would not
be expedient and proper for the govern
ment of the United States of America at
this time to open its mints to free and
unlimited coinage of gold and silver at
the ratio of 16 to 1, and in addition there
to issue an adequate volume of full legal
tender treasury notes in the same man
ner such notes have heretofore been is
sued and in the interest of national safe
ty withdraw the issue power of national
banks and retire all bank currency.”
The next business laid before the sen
ate was the Venezuelan commission bill
and that was not disposed of until 3:45
p. m. After that hour the senate pro
ceeded to executive business and when
the doors were opened at 4:30 the presid
ing officer laid before the senate the pres
ident's message asking that no recess be
taken until after financial legislation
necessary to preserve the credit of the
government had been enacted.
"I move that the senate do now ad
journ.” said Mr. Cockrell as soon as the
reading of the message was concluded.
“Why,” said Mr. Hawley, “I expected
that some sprious consideration would
be given to this most important message
by our democratic friends.”
“We want time to consider it,” Mr.
Cockrell bluntly rejoinded.
And then, at 4:40 p. m., the senate ad
The Message Coldly Received.
The secret session of the senate today
was noted more for the matters dis
cussed that were not strictly legislative
in their character than for anything else.
Quite a batch of postmasters and a few
other nominations made during the re
cess of congress were confirmed.
It was the Intention of the senate to
clean up as many of these nominations
as possible and take u recess from the
somewhat exciting debates of the day.
While the doors were closed Mr. Cock
rell, democrat, of Missouri, called up the
house resolution providing for a holiday
recess from today till January 3, and
suggested that the date be changed to
adjourn from tomorrow until January 6.
Mr. Chandler, republican, of New
Hampshire, opposed adjourning tomor
row. It was the first time in the .history
of the senate, he thought, when that
body had adjourned over the holidays
with 100 vacancies on its committees.
Then, too, there had been a great deal
said within the last few days about the
importance of the crisis that was now
upon the country, and there was a good
deal of talk about foreign questions. He
asked what would be said if the senate
thus ran away.
A number of other republicans urged
that the senate remain in session until
next Tuesday, by which time they hoped
the democrats would have agreed upon
their representation on the committees
of the senate, and the committees could
thus be reorganized before the members
left for the holidays.
Mr. Gorman and Mr. Cockrell of the
democratic steering committee told their
republican associates that they could not
get ready by Tuesday, and there was no
use for the republicans to hope that they
could secure the committees before the
holidays. The republicans, they said,
had taken three weeks in which to do
their work, and It was not to be expected
that the democrats could do theirs in as
many days.
It being apparent that the democrats
had taken a determined stand on this
matter, and the all-important Venezue
lan resolution having been passed, there
appeared to be no good reason why the
republicans should press the matter any
further, and they consented that the
matter go over until after recess without
further debate.
Mr. Cockrell then moved an adjourn
Mr. Faulkner, democrat, of West Vir
ginia, said he had received a telephone
mssage from Mr. Thurber that a commu
nication from the president was on its
way to the capitol, and suggested that It
would be well to wait and see what it
Mr. Chandler thought It would be well
before the resolution of adjournment was
sent to the house to wait and see what
the message was that the president was
to send to the senate, "for that message
may create a crisis In public affairs that
will make it important for us to stay
here,” added he.
Mr. Cockrell—Oh, there is no danger of
a crisis.
Mr. Chandler—How are we to know
there Is no danger of a crisjs?
Mr. Cockrell—In the very nature of
the condition of this country and this
people no crisis is possible.
Mr. Chandler—Hut how improper it
will he to pass a resolution for adjourn
ment for a fortnight when we are espec
ially requested to remain In session until
his excellency, the president, will send us
a special communication, which no one
knows anything about.
Mr. Chandler then moved to reconsider
the vote and the adjournment resolution
was agreed to, and on motion of Mr.
Cockrell that motion was laid on the
tnble—ayes 32. nays not counted.
The doors were opened as the presi
dent's message had arrived, but many
senators had already departed from the
building. Mr. Cox. the secretary of the
senate, made several stumbles in his
reading, and the senators, evidently ir
ritated. called upon him to repeat several
words that he mispronounced in order
that their meaning could be grasped. It
was finally completed, but in a manner
not at all satisfactory to the body. As
the secretary took his seat Mr. Cockrell
moved that the senate adjourn. Mr.
Hawley, as the motion was put, re
marked to Mr. Cockrell that this was a
rather cavalier manner of treating the
message and suggested that it be given
careful consideration. Mr. Cockrell re
plied that it would be be given consider
ation. but that such a matter
required time in which to consider It.
The message was received in a manner
that might be termed frigid. Many sen
ators left the chamber the moment Its
reading was concluded and refused to
talk about it. It is well understood, how
ever, that there is no possible chance for
any further authority to be given by the
(Continued on Fourth Page.)
Congress Asked to Give Him
Prompt Aid
He Begs Them to Pass a Law Before Taking a
Recent Gold Withdrawals and an Expected
Raid in the Im mediate Future Are
Dealt With in a Special Mes
sage to Congress.
Wnt.dngton, Dec. 20.—The president at
4:20 p. m. sent the following message to
the congress on the financial situation:
To the Congress: In my Ikst annual
message the evils of our present financial
system were plainly pointed out and the
causes and means of the depletion of the
government gold were explained. It was
therein stated that after all the efforts
that had been made by the executive
branch of the government to protect our
gold reserve by the Issuance of bonds
amounting to more than $162,000,000, such
reserve then amounted to but little more
than $79,000,000, that about $16,000,000 had
been withdrawn from such reserve dur
ing the month next previous to the date
of that message, and that quite large
withdrawals for shipment in the imme
diate future were predicted.
The contingency then feared has
reached us, and the withdrawals of gold
since the communication referred to, and
others that appear inevitable, threaten
such a depletion in our government gold
reserve as brings us face to face with
the necessity of further action for its pro
tection. This condition is intensified by
the prevalence in certain quarters of sud
den and unusual apprehension and timid
ity in business circles.
We are in the midst of another season
of perplexity caused by our dangerous
and fatuous financial operations. These
may be expected to recur with certainty
as long as there is no amendment in our
financial system. If, in this particular
instance, our predicament is at all in
fluenced by a recent Insistence upon the
position we should occupy in our rela
tion to certain questions concerning our
foreign policy.this furnishes a signal and
impressive warning that even the pa
triotic sentiment of our people is not an
adequate substitute for a sound financial
Of course there can be no doubt in any!
thoughtful mind of the complete solvency
of our nation, nor can there be any Just
apprehension that the American people
will be satisfied with less than an honest'
payment of our public obligations in the
recognized money of the world. We
should not overlook the fact, however,
that aroused fear is unreasoning, and
must be taken into account in ail efforts
to avert public loss and the sacrifice of
our people’s interests.
The real and sensible cure for our re
curring troubles can only be effected by
a complete change In our financial
scheme. Pending that, the executive
branch of the government will not relax
its efforts nor abandon its determination
to use every means within its reach to
maintain before the world American
credit, nor will there be any hesitation
in exhibiting its confidence In the re
sources of our country and the constant
patriotism of our people. In view, how
ever, of the peculiar situation now con
fronting us, I have ventured to herein
express the earnest hope that the con
gress, in default of the inauguration of
a better system of finance, will not take
a recess from its labors before it has, by
financial enactment or declaration, done
something not only to remind those ap
prehensive among our people that the
resources of this government and a scru
pulous regard for honest dealing afford
a sure guarantee of unquestioned safety
and soundness, but to reassure the world
that with these factors and the patriot
ism of our citizens the ability and deter
mination of our nation to meet in any
circumstances the obligations it incurs
does not admit of question.
I ask at the hands of the congress suchf
prompt aid as it alone has the power to
give to prevent in a time of fear and
apprehension any sacrifice of the people’s
interests and the public funds, or the im
pairment of our public credit In an effort
by executive action to relieve the dangers
of the present emergency.
Executive Mansion, Dec. 20, 1895.
The message which the president sent
to the senate this afternoon was the out
come of a prolonged session of the cabi
net. Friday is one of the regular semi
weekly cabinet days, and the president
and those members of his official family
assembled In the cabinet room at the
usual hour. Those present besides the
president were Secretary Olney, Secre
tary Carlisle. Attorney-General Harmon,
Postmaster-General Wilson and Secreta
ry Morton. The absentees were Secre
tary Lamont, who was in New York, Sec
retary Herbert, who was on a railroad
train between New York and Washing
ton, and Secretary Hoke Smith, who was
detained at home by the dangerous Ill
ness of his little daughter. Reports of
the serious condition of affairs in Wall
street had been coming In for an hour,
and after the cabinet assembled these
were sent as fast as received to the treas
ury officials, who dispatched the infor
mation to Secretary Carlisle at the White
Before the session had lasted two hours
a decision had been reached to send to
congress the message transmitted later.
At 1:30 o’clock It was decided by the offi
cials to take a recess in order to give
the president an opportunity to draft the
message. No Inkling of what had been
going on Inside the cabinet room had
reached the outside world, and the fact
that the recess came at the usual hour
for adjournment naturally allayed any
curiosity that might have arisen had the
session continued longer. Mr. Cleveland
set to work in preparing the document,
and probably had all his Ideas in present
able shape when his official associates
returned an hour later. By this time It
had become known that the gold with
drawals amounted to $3,400,000, bringing
down the gold reserve to $69,288,080, very
nearly to the figure which was reached
at the time of the first bond issue ir\
February, 1894. The reserve nt that time
dropped to $65,650,000. At the time of
the second issue in August, 1894, it stood
oa $52,500,000, and when the third issue
came, in February, 1895, it was $41,393,000.
It was 4:40 o’clock when the cabinet
meeting adjourned. Twenty minutes be
fore that time Mr. P. U Pruden, assistant
secretary to the president, had started
from the white house for the capitol with
a copy of the message to be delivered to
the senate.
twenty-ninTminers LOST
Caused by an Explosion of Fire
The Blackened Corpses of the Miners Were
Carried Out for Identification.
The Grief of the Women and Children Is
Heartrending-It Is a Spectacle From
Which One Turns Sick at
Chattanooga, Tenn., Dec. 20.—Twenty
four miners lost their lives today in the
Nelson mine, entry No. 10, near Dayton,
Tenn., by an explosion of fire damp.
The explosion was succeeded by a territio
crash, which indicated that the roof of
the passage through which the men had
entered had fallen in. No avenue of es
cape was left, and there Is no possibility
that any of them will be found alive.
The mine is the property of the Dayton
Coal and Iron company, three miles from
the town of Dayton, and Is reached by a
spur track. The men, both white and
■colored, including several boys, en
tered the mine to go to work at 7 o’clock
this morning, but there was no news of
the awful catastrophe until 11 o’clock,
when the drivers in entry No. 10 found
their way blockaded by a solid wall of
coal and slate. The Nelson mine has
been worked for twelve years or more,
and the entry where the unfortunate
miners are entombed ran back more than
two miles from the mouth of the mine.
The mine Is of the kind common in south
era coal Helds, known as a drift or level
veined mine, and worked in the direction
of the vein straight into the face of the
mountain, but before entry is reached
a long slope extends to a level of several
hundred yards below at an angle of ,
about 20 degrees. The ears are pulled up
from the foot of the slope where trarn
cars drawn by mules connect with it to
the outside by a cable, which hauls the
coal up with remarkable rapidity.
Rescuing parties have been working
all day trying to reach the miners, but
It Is probable that they will be several
days forcing an opening through the wall
of the fallen roofing, which must be made
safe as they proceed. The foul air quick
ly exhausts the workmen, who are re
lieved by fresh hands. The work will
continue day and night until the bod
ies are recovered. At the drift mouth
hundreds of women and children soon
gathered, and the picture of grief and
despair is heartrending. Mothers wring
er g their hands, weeping daughters and
little children, sweethearts and gray
Headed grandparents, are all In the
greatest distress, for they have been told
that there Is no hope. It is a spectacle
from which one turns sick at heart. The
mine Is ventilated by air shafts or pas
sages, so the caving of the wall in the
entry cut off the draft and death was
certain to those who breathed the pois
oned air.
The latest details and a corrected ac
count at 4 o’clock this afternoon say
that a way had been broken through the
debris In the passage of entry 10 and the
blackened corpses of the dead miners
were carried out one by one to the, out
side, where the work of identification be
gan. The number of victims, first re
ported at twenty-five, has reached twen
ty-nine. The bodies recovered are those
of negroes, which have not been recog
nized. William Raddy, a colored lad,
was one of the last to be brought out.
Life had Tong been extinct in all the
poor remnant of humanity stretched at
the mouth of the tunnel. Latest records
records say that the gas was first ignited*
In No. 9 by Tom Hawkins, gas inspector,
on his usual morning rounds of the
mines. The flames were rapidly com
municated to entry 10 by means of side
passages. All the men at work in en
try 9 escaped except Hawkins. In No.
10. which forms an angle In the banks
and connects the outside world at the
foot of the lower slope, the deadly gas
drifted and congested, doing its work so
well that not one of the men at work In
the rooms of this cross passage Is alive
to tell the story. Oscar Hawkins, one of
the first men to get out of No. 9. will
also die. making the twenty-ninth life
sacrificed. Leech and 'Westfield are ne
groes and were found outside the
entryr. having fallen dead Just as they
passed It.
The explosion occurred In entry No.
10. the men In entries No. 1, 2, 7'and 9
escaping, with the exception of Tom
Hawkins, who breathed the fatal air be
fore he could get away.
A Cowardly Lot of Lookers-on Denounced
for Not Helping.
Raleigh, N. C., Dec. 20.—Interest In the
news from Cumnock mines was Intense
today and many persons from a distance
went to the scene of yesterday's great
disaster. The work of searching for the
dead continued all night. The searchers
rested three hours and then renewed
their efforts. Difficulty In obtaining per
sons to engage in this work was great
Rnd is one of the worst features of the af
fair. Crowds of men stood near the
moath of the mine full of morbid curios
ity. The pitiful supplications of the wo
men. the urgent request of Superintend
ent Cant and the pleading of the miners
failed to enlist their sympathy sufficient
ly to Induce them to enter the shaft and
assist in the search. "You have not a
heart as big as a pea. You won’t help
raise your own dead. It's cowardice,"
said F. Nutallan, official leading miner,
and the first to enter the mines to begin
the work of rescue. Gallant Superin
tendent Cant, while appealing to the
erovd. asked them as men if they would
not undertake the work for a while.
One man said he would not go in the mine
for *10,000. “It’s a shame that you
drin't,” remarked the superintendent.
7"he average number at work yester
day and last night and today was about
Bodies were found in all parts of the
mine, mainly in the 350-foot level, where
the principal loss of life occurred. The
condition of many of the bodies is shock
ing. The hands of many are nearly
burned off. The work of identifying the
dead was slow. Hundreds of persons
Inspected the thirty-five bodies laid out
in the engine house up to 10 o'clock this
morning. As rapidly as they were iden
tified the bodies were shrouded. Those
recovered up to noon today were married
"''There was great contrast between the
scenes at the mine yesterday and today.
All there yesterday were excited and
overwhelmed with anxiety, but hoping
for the best. Today all hope had disap
peared. Anxious widows sat at the cot
tage windows watching for the approach
of a litter bearing their dead. Not a
woman was at the mines today.
There were some notable Instances of
heroism in the rescue of persons who
were in the mine when the explosion oc
curred. There is yet n dispute as to the
cause of the explosion. Early yesterday
morning the boss inspector inspected the
mine for gas. As late as 8 a. m. the same
Inspector reported the mine all right.
It seemed certain that it was a gas ex
plosion, and all the miners say so. There
were 2f>0 pounds of dynamite in the mine,
and the officials insist that it caused the
explosion. The miners say some one
carelessly ignited a gas pipe with a can
dle. At noon the bodies were recovered
of L. P. Holland and Joseph Stark. The
whites are distinguishable from the ne
groes only by the hair. The brains of
some are knocked out and the skin is
torn from the bodies. Two children were
found, both nude, one clasped in its
father’s arms. There are yet four bodies
In the mine—two in slope No. 2 and twe
in slope No. 1. These are thought to be
buried several feet under coal. They are
Joseph Smalls, M. Bentley, M. H. Quinn
and Edward Bentley.
Ex-Governor Warmoth Was Not for Harri
son, But Was for “Napoleon.”
New Orleans, Dec. 20.—It was a tale in
last night's dispatches that Ex-Governor
Warmoth represented the Interests of
Ex-President Harrison at yesterday's
meeting of the republican state executive
committee. This information was given
the Southern Associated Press reporter
under a misapprehension of the position
of Governor Warmoth.
The aftermath of the committee's meet
ing develops the fact that Ex-Governor
Kellogg and his forces, led by Leonard
and Hero, were entirely routed by War
moth, assisted by Ex-Collector of Internal
Revenue Wimberly and State Senator
Demas. The committee fought and
squabbled until nearly midnight of
Thursday. There seemed little chance of
anything but a deadlock until Warmoth
brought matters to a crisis by demanding
a test vote as to his eligibility as a mem
ber of the committee. Warmoth has not
appeared In active politics for four years,
and when he stood up to speak it was
found that he had lost none of his per
sonal magnetism. He was cheered to the
echo, and from that on the Kellogg ranks
fell to pieces. H. Dudley Coleman, an
old-time opponent of Warmoth, voted for
the latter. Leonard and Warmoth shook
hands, and the state convention was dt»
elded upon for January 20, at New Or
Yesterday’s meeting turned out to be a
distinct and unequivocal Warmoth tri
umph, that might never have come
about had not the ex-governor thrown
himself in the breach. Today Mr. Leon
ard admits defeat. Ho says there will be
a united republican party In the state
henceforth, but will not concede that Mc
Kinley will get the entire delegation, but
the best posted republicans here say that
Warmoth’s victory meant the first gun
fired for “Napoleon” McKinley.
A Baptist Missionary Murdered.
Constantinople, Dec. 20.—Advices have
been received from Arabklr stating that
the Rev. Sir Agnanian, widely known
among Baptists in the United States,
has been murdered and his church
burned. Also that Moussa B.-y, the no
torious Kurdish brigand of Bltlls, has
been captured at Bagdad. Five years ago
Moussa Bey wounded the Rev. Mr.
Knapp, an American missionary, for
which he was tried in Constantinople,
and, despite overwhelming evidence of
his guilt, was acquitted by a corrupt
tribunal. The United States minister
and American missionaries in Turkey
resented this verdict so strenuously that,
in deference to their feelings of indigna
tion, the porte exiled Moussa to Medina,
from which place he made Ills escape a
short time ago.
Matthew Izimirlian, Armenian patri
arch in Constantinople, has addressed a
letter to the porte positively denying the
accusations that Armenians have been
guilty of outrages, and stating that, for
the reason that they have not committed
any outrages, he declines to comply with
the demand of the porte that he appeal
to the Armenians to remain calm. The
patriarch concludes by demanding that
vigorous measures be taken to restore
order in Asia Minor and that Armenians
be compensated for their losses. Four
battalions of troops have embarked at
Jaffa for Crete.
Barney Bamato and Associates Bent $15,
000,000 for Investment.
Mexico City, Mex.. Dec. 20.—The most
important deals which have been made
In Mexico for many years are in prog
ress. A. C. Butler of South Africa ar
rived a few days ago with a letter of
credit to the amount of $15,000,000 from
Barney Barnato, Cecil Rhodes and the
Rothschilds. He was given a cordial
welcome by President Diaz and the re
sult of his visit is the Investment of sev
eral million dollars in the drainage tun
nel, which the government has under
way, and in the city water works. Mr.
Butler has also taken an option upon the
street railway system for $7,000,000. This
includes the entire street car service not
only of the city, but of the federal dis
trict. __
The Supreme Court Adjourned Until After
the Holidays.
Montgomery, Dec. 20.—(Special.)—The
case Involving the Impeachment proceed
ings against Probate Judge Robinson of
Lee county was opened In the supreme
court today. The testimony taken by
Commissioner Sayre was presented and
the case was ably argued by Judge Chil
ton of this city and Mr. Barnes of Opeli
ka for the defense, and by Attorney-Gen
eral Fitts and Ex-Governor Jones for the
prosecution. The court adjourned this
afternoon until after the holidays.
The United State* Court Selected Maj. S. T.
Prince and R. Middleton.
Mobile, Dec. 20.—(Special.)—Maj. S.
T. Prince and Robert Middleton of this
city were today appointed receivers of all
the Seaboard Manufacturing company’s
property In this section by the United
States district court.
Major Price is a prominent attorney
and Mr. Middleton was formerly secre
tary and treasurer of the corporation.
The works will resume operation at once.
A Negro Girl Suicides.
New Orleans. Dec. 20.—A special to the
Daily States from San Antonio, Tex.,
Bessie Franklin, a 17-year-old colored
girl, committed suicide here today. Her
girl friend suicided Wednesday and grief
was the cause.
W. B. Fish, Police Gazette tramp
tourist, reached here this morning from
New York for San Francisco, fourteen
days ahead of time.
A Dallas Failure.
Dallas, Tex., Dec. 20.—John Beyett &
Bro., general merchants at Chico and
Alvord, failed this morning. Their liabil
ities are $35,000, and assets comparative
ly Insignificant.
Prices of Iron and Steel Have
Fallen 3 Per Cent.
It Is Believed T ^ Some Furnaces Will Have
so Suspend.
£ _
if -
The Marl in This Country Do Not Act
Upen mJs Theory That Any Inter
ruption of I'croign Relations
Is to Bo Expected.
New York, Dec. 20.—R. G. Dun & Co.,
in their weekly review of trade, will to
morrow say:
Failures for two weeks of December
show liabilities of $6,510,415, against
$6,840,401 last year, and $11,679,996 for the
same weeks In 1893. Failures for the
week have been 377 in the United States,
against 349 last year, and 32 in Canada,
against 36 last year. The strong Ameri
canism of the president's mesage has
given its character to the week. Popular
feeling was profoundly moved, but, ex
cepting in the stock and cotton markets
business was remarkably dull and
scarcely affected. Selling of securities
held abroad was a natural first impulse,
though the sellers are notunlikely In time
to discover that no other securities are
safer from International complications
than the American.
Cotton has declined Me and wheat
about 2c. The markets In this country
do not act upon the theory that any In
terruption of foreign relations Is to be ex
pected. Coming at a time tvhen nearly
all produce markets are inactive and in
dustries unusually dull, the disturbance
has affected values much less than might
have been expected, not because of any
foreign question, but solely because of
Influences which have been in continuous
operation for months. Prices of cotton
goods continue to decline. Prices of
Iron and steel have fallen about 3 per
cent for the week, and are now 3 per cent
below their maximum, Bessemer pig and
grey forge and most kinds of finished
products having yielded more or less.
Purchases by the great steel companies,
it is now evident, were much in excess
of their actual consumption, and it is be
lieved that some furnaces will have to
suspend production, as the demand for
manufactured produ/ets is too small to
support dhe outpu'^ealimated for theyear
at 9,387,639 ton?,-by the Pittsburg Ameri
can Manufacturer. Minor metals are
There is no change of importance In the
market for cotton goods, which Is not ac
tive enough to-prevent some accumula
tion. Print cloths are a shade weaker.
The market for woolen goods has not im
proved. Sales of wool are mainly con- ,
fined to immediate needs of manufactur
ers. who are buying but little ahead. Tha
Imports of woolen goods continue very,
large, though smaller than a month ago.
The movement of cotton continues
comparatively small, but estimates of
consumption here and abroad begin to
take the place In a measure of estimates
of yield, as markets for goods are gener
ally dull. There was a shade of advance
in the price until foreign questions dls-*
turbed the market, but it closed with >4c
Bradstreet’s Review.
New York, Dec. 20.—Bradstreet’s will
say tomorrow:
The business situation has been affect
ed by the political complications, as well
as the prices of cotton and wheat, the
Influence of which ramify among busi
ness houses in many different lines. Thd
serious nature of the president’s state
ment has had the effect of rather induc
ing the free selling of securities. A vio
lent depression tn stock and security
values has followed the president's Ven
ezuelan message and its reception in Eu
rope. The London market has been no
less disturbed than our own, and the
foreign selling of our securities was on an
enormous scale. Gold shipments for the
week are $6,580,000, of which J3,500,000 go
to London today. Foreign exchange is
up to 4.82Vi for demand sterling and
bankers show a great disinclination to
draw, in view of the possible curtailment
of foreign credits here. Representatives
of Bradstreet's at twenty-three cities
interviewed many leading manufacturers
and merchants Thursday as to the ef
fect, present or prospective, on trade of
an international character. So far as tha
effect on business is concerned, eastern
and western manufacturing centers and
many of the larger western and north
western distributing points report that
none Is felt whatever. Perhaps as sig
nificant as ajiy other feature of the Inter
views is that in all the cities except
four the consensus of opinion distinctly
favors the sentiments expressed in tha
president's message. The exceptions on
this point are New York. Boston, De
troit and Milwaukee. In the grain mar
ket at the cotton exchanges and through
out the country in the producing regions,
as well as at New York city, Philadel
phia, Boston and other New England
points, complaints are heard of the ef
fects on business caused by the interna
tional question which has been raised.
L«adihg southern cities report Christ
mas retail trade fairly active, but that
business in wholesale lines is quiet and
unchanged. Dullness is conspicuous In
the east and cotton was neglected at tha
leading markets, Charleston along re
porting a moderate general Improve
In the west and northwest unreason
ably mild weather and the tendency of ,
Jobbers to reduce stocks prior to the close "
of the year have served to render gen
eral trade quiet, and at best only fair for
the season.
The industrial situation reflects pre
vious tendencies. Jobbers in cottons and
woolens reported dull in first hands.
Woolen mills are taking only fair orders
for spring goods. Hides are firmer, but
manufacturers in shoes have not yet be
gun to anticipate wants by increasing
purchases of leather, although in in
stances shoe factories have begun to in
crease their outputs. Favorable reports
come from western glass factories, the
prospect being for a largely Increased
demand and a corresponding advance in
quotations. Iron and steel report another
reduction of nearly *1 a ton each,
and bar Iron has gone off in per cent in
price, which Is also true of structural
material. The output of pig Iron la
nemly at the rate of 1.000.000 tons per
month, and unless consumers place or
ders soon there will be a restriction of
production. _ _ _
{Continued on Second Page.)

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