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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, December 22, 1895, Part Three, Image 21

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l The controversy between Great Britain
land Venezuela over territory is one of
long standing. Claims made by England
have steadily increased, and have always
been resisted by the Venezuelans. The
territory in dispute is extremely valua
ble, and fear of losing it is thought to
be the reason for England's declining
Great Britain acquired her title to the
colony of British Guiana by treaty from
Holland in 1X14, the provinces trans
ferred being those of Esequibo, Demera
ra and Berbice. From that time to the
present day Venezuela has never l'ecog
mized that bjngland enjoys legal right
to a single foot of ground west of the
Esequibo river.
In 1841 Sir Robert Schomburgk, an en
gineer in the British service, entered.the
disputed territory without the tponcur
coast at the mouth of the River Moroc
co, ran straight Into the Interior, cross
ing the Schomburgk line at right angles.
This Aberdeen proposition was the first
specific definition of England’s pretend
ed rights, and the sole foundation for it
in international law was the shadowy al
legation that Dutch settlements and In
dian treaties justified Great Britain in in
stituting authority over a portion of the
trans-Esequibo regions, the exact geo
graphical limits of which had never been
It is seen that Lord Aberdeen, in un
dertaking to trace British Guiana's ex
treme rightful bounds—thereby fixing a
precedent for future British foreign sec
retaries—could find no excuse for carry
ing them further than the mouth of the
Morocco. He made no pretense to own
ership to the grand mouth of the Orinoco.
It is claimed today by Lord Salisbury,
ville line In the Interior followed the Ab
erdeen line, but gave Venezuela undis
puted possession of the mouth of the
This was equivalent to a formal disa
vowal of any design upon the Boca
Grando of the Orinoco; in the most posi
tive style the exclusiye control was as
signed to Venezuela.
In 1883 (Lord Granville being still at
the head of the foreign office) overtures
were made to Venezuela to have an ami
cable settlement of the case. Venezuela
was anxious for settlement and dis
patched Gen. Guzman Blanco, one of the
foremoiit diplomats of South America,
to England to act in the matter. Gen
eral Blanco did not waste his time in
discussing maps and ancient lines, but
bent all his energies to secure arbitra
tion of the matter. He gained his point,
for on June 18, 1885, Lord Granville as
rence of the British government, and
proceeded to run a line from the Bra
zilian frontier to the Boca Grande, which
(was intended to establish a definite
boundary between British Guiana and
(Venezuela. The Schomburgk line was
Jiot at first claimed by the British for
eign office as legal, and has not until re
\ icently been designated in British diplo
Jmatic correspondence as England's prt
) an ary base.
If When Schomburgk drew his “arbitrary
fine" of demarkation in 1S41 he set up
IfpostS to indicate British dominion at
ifrolnt Barima, Amacuro and other loeali
[jlies. The Venezuelan government made
*i vigorous protest, and Lord Aberdeen,
when foreign secretary, promptly ordered
fche posts removed, thus showing that
[(England felt no certainty of the justice
jjof her claims.
| Lord Aberdeen, in 1S44, proposed to the
^Venezuelans a boundary line which did
(not follow Sehomburgk’s line. It con
. fceded to the Venezuelans a large part of
{the coast and the mouth of the Orinoco
fiver, which Lord Salisbury now claims.
(^Aberdeen’s proposed line began on the
| It Is not time for the language of war,
‘-end the plain folks will distrust the men
(■jwho employ it with thoughtless haste,
jfl’here will be those all too eager to let
[loose the infinite woes of an armed con
flict, and ready in inflammatory speech
• llto set the two great English-speaking
[{peoples flying at each other's throats.
Sensationalism is sure to offer this fruit
Jof discord. But such advisers will be re
pudiated by all sane minds as puhlic en
Llemies.—Springfield, Mass., Republican.
Bi It is a grave blunder to put this gov
ernment in the attitude of threatening
Swar unless we mean It and are prepared
[lor It and can appeal hopefully to the
sympathies of the civilized world in mak
ing it. Do these conditions exist? Will
ony of the senators who applauded the
president's message yesterday seriously
Blllrm that they do? If tht-se conditions
Ido not exist, what remains for us except
a few weeks or months of bluster and
a more or less graceful backdown?—New
(York World.
If we go to war with Great Britain the
northern states will furnish the ships and
supplies and rake in the fat contract
money, while the south will furnish the
men; her cotton, in the meantime being
shut out from Manchester, will become
unsalable except at vastly diminished
prices. If we have war the burden of it
will fall heaviest upon the people of the
a-mth. Please think of these things, dear
ehriekers.—Mobile Register.
We should be sorry to think that Mr.
Olney shares in any degree the "jingo”
sentiments which just now seem to be
especially ripe among New England
statesmen, such as Lodge, Chandler,
Frye and the "bounding” and Irrepressi
ble Willywee Barrett. We cannot but
think, however, that he has given to the
Monroe doctrine a significance and an
application not justified by the language
of Mr. Monroe’s message, by the circum
stances under which the message was
written, by the facts of history and the
contemporaneous construction placed up
on it, or by the subsequent action of the
only department of the government
which should have the power to commit
the country to a policy of peace or war.—
Baltimore Sun, Dem.
"Hitherto,” saye James C. Carter, the
great lawyer and friend of President
Cleveland, "the assertions of the United
States on International rights have been
Just. When she has been compelled to go
to war in their defense she was just, and
lhas had the sympathy of mankind on her
side. Let us be careful to do nothing
which will bring upon the world the
calamities of war.”—New York World.
r--'~ •- stand taken by this govern
who not only declares that England
owns the coast up to the terminus of the
Schomburgk line at the mouth of the
Amacuro, but claims land in the inte
rior considerably beyond the furthest
estward bend of the Aberdeen line.
Of course the Venezuelans declined to
accept the Aberdeen line, and nothing
further was done in the matter until 1850,
when the celebrated status quo was es
tablished. whereby Great Rritain agreed
not to occupy or enrroach upon the ter
ritory in dispute in consideration of a
similar agreement by Venezuela. What
was meant by "territory in dispute" was
not stated. The status quo has never
been abrogated. It is claimed by Vene
zuelans that England has repeatedly vio
lated the status quo by invading the ter
ritory far beyond either the Schomburgk
or Aberdeen line.
Lord Granville in 1881 proposed to the
Venezuelans a new boundary line. It
began far north of the Aberdeen line on
the coast, but a short distance south of
the Schombourgk line, and did not in
clude the Ftarima river or island, which
are now claimed by England._The Gran-_
ment. Such is the humiliating position
into which we are to force the strongest
power of Europe. Will congress agree
to the naming of a commission to mark
out her boundaries for her and have them
crammed down her throat? Most proba
bly; and in that event what W>om has
been left for a peaceful solution of the
difficulty beyond a settlement meantime
reached independently by Venezuela and
England?—Springfield Republican.
Send in your orders Monday
for your Xmas supplies. We
handle oranges, apples, nuts,
raisins, sweet meats, jellies,
preserves and everything in
the way of confections.
19th street and 3d avenue.
Elegant new book cases at
low prices. Jacobs.
304 South 20th Street,
calls attention to his full stock
of staple and fancy groceries,
and solicits the patronage of
the public._
For fruit cakes go to C. W.
Cody, 1820 to 1826 3d avenue.
The friends of the Orphans' Home at
Talladega, Ala., have always made
Christmas a gay, glad season for the
children. We hope this year will be no
exception to the rule, and that the bright
anticipations of the children for a good
time will be fully realized.
Send all contributions to
Talladega, Ala.
If you have not yet got your
Christmas present, a mackin
tosh would be very accepta
ble. Our line is complete and
prices the very lowest.
One Price Cash ClothierB.
You must come and buy
your presents at your own
prices at H. HERZFELD’S.
sented to a treaty between England and
Venezuela, one clause of which provided
that any differences not adjustable by
the usual means should be submitted to
“the arbitration of a third power, or of
several powers, In amity with both coun
tries, without resorting to war.”
This great diplomatic stroke of General
Blanco, absolutely bringing England to
bay on the boundary question, was, how
ever, immediately made of no avail by
the overturn of the Gladstone' ministry:
Lord Salisbury, who took office a few
days later, promptly rescinded the arbi
tration clause of the proposed treaty.
Since that time England has persistently
declined every proposal to arbitrate the
England is not satisfied with repu
diating the comparatively moderate
boundary designations originated by Ab
erdeen and_ Granville, but has enlarged
her territorial claim with^ the utmost
recklessness. The Venezuelan govern
ment contends that the Esequlbo-Pum
eron-Cuyuni strip is the only land fairly
in dispute.
Frofessor Davis and Miss Howerton Wed.
Hog Killing Times.
Abbeville, Dec. 20.—(Special Corre
spondence.)—Yesterday evening at the
Baptist church Prof. J. K. Davis was
united in holy wedlock to Miss Callie
Howerton. Frofessor Davis is a gradu
ate of the Southern university and is now
president of the Southeast Alabama Ag
ricultural school. He is one of the most
prominent young men In south Ala
bama. Miss Howerton is the gifted
daughter of Mr. T. J. Howerton, one of
the largest planters in this section, and
graduated from the Southern Female
university while it was located at Bir
mingham. She possesses in a high de
gree those noble qualities of heart which
make a pure, generous-minded woman.
The bride and groom left on the 3 o’clock
train for the Atlanta exposition.
The farmers of this section are busy
killing hogs. Several hogs have been
killed which weighed over 500 pounds net.
More meat has been made this year than
ever before in this section.
The young people cf Abbeville are en
joying themselves attending parties and
cane grindings.
Miss Julia Hughes of Florcella Is visit
ing her friend, Miss Birdie Ward.
Put your head into one of
J. Blach & Son’s hats and see
how cheerful the world looks.
One-Price Cash Clothiers.
The ladles of the society of United
Charities will be at headquarters on the
ground floor of the Thomson building,
corner Twenty-second street and Third
avenue, both Christmas Eve and Christ
mas morning to receive donations for
the poor.
The society not only wishes money and
other needful gifts, but would be glad to
give additional pleasure to the helpless,
and we ask the children of the city to
send some of their old toys. Also toy
dealers who do not wish to give money
we ask to make a donation of toys, for
we have on our list some children who
are invalids and they have but little
pleasure, being confined to the house.
Another great want we find among the
poor is proper covering and anything In
this line will be gladly received.
MRS. R. U. BROOKS, President.
Brass and onyx tables at
To Choke to Death a Home Institution Ee!ng
Made—Will It Not Succeed?
The Southeastern Tariff association
hgs caused the association companies to
leave the Birmingham Underwriters'
agency because it represents the South
ern Mutual Fire Insurance company of
Alabama. The Southern Mutual does
business only in Alabama and proposes
to return the profits to the policy holders,
and for this reason the tariff association
is taking steps to choke it to death. The
Birmingham Underwriters' agency Is
prepared to take care of every policy
now in the companies leaving its agency
by placing them in other good companies
that do not belong to the association.
We trust that not a single one of our
patrons will desert us in this effort to
crush us. If other agencies should so
licit the business in the companies which 1
have left us. we will doubly appreciate
it should you elect to tell them that it is
your decision to let us continue to take
care of your business. It is not to be be
lieved that the people of Birmingham
and Alabama will allow the Tariff asso
ciation to make them a party to choke
to death an honest effort to builij up a
home institution. The association has
precipitated this matter and made it
necessary for the people of Birmingham
and Alabama to decide whether they will
uphold the Tariff association in its arbi
trary methods by moans of which it at
tempts to destroy home institutions.
By A. D. Smith, President.
Never mind the rush, but
come to the manufacturer’s
sale while it lasts. We are
prepared to serve one and all.
One Price Cash Clothiers.
The best place to buy your
table supplies is where Santa ;
Claus gets nuts, candies, rais
ins and other confections.
Where? At
Fancy work baskets. Jacobs.
The following is the honor roll for sec
ond six weeks of Howard college:
Cadets Payne. Berry, O’Hara, (highest 1
average, 99.9),Griggs, I*. M. Jones, Davis,
J. C. Smith, Spruell, Me Jones, St. Oliar,
Mynatt, F. Hogan, Sparks,H. Donaldson,
J. Fancher, Misses Weldon. Wilson, Tid
well, Crumpton, Watson, F. Smith, W.
Brown, Miss Weatherly (second highest
average, 99.6), Epps, Sehimmel, A Ward,
F. Gorman, G. Weatherly, William Wal
drop, H. Fancher. A. W. McGAHA,
J. T. PAYNE. Post Adjutant.
A Bank
A general banking business is (lone by
the human system, because the blood de
posits in its vaults whatever wealth we may
gain from day to day. This wealth is laid
up against “a rainy day** as a reserve fund
—we’re in a condition of healthy prosperity
if we have laid away sufficient capital to
draw upon in the hour of our greatest need.
There is danger in getting thin, because it’s
a sign of letting down in health. To gain
in blood is nearly always to gain in whole
some flesh. The odds arc in favor of the
germs of consumption, grip, or pneumonia,
if our liver be inactive and our blood im
pure, or if our flesh be reduced below a
healthy standard. What is required is an
increase in our germ-fighting strength. Dr.
Pierce’s Golden Medical Discovery enriches
the blood and makes it wholesome, stops
the waste of tissue and at the same time
builds up the strength. A medicine which
will rid the blood of its poisons, cleanse and
invigorate the great organs of the body,
vitalize the system, thrill the whole being
with new energy and make permanent work
of it, is surely a remedy of great value. But
when we make a positive statement that 98
per cent, of all cases of consumption can, if
taken in the earlv stages of the disehse, be
cured with the r‘Discovery,” it seems like
a bold assertion. All Dr. Pierce asks is that
you make a thorough investigation and
satisfy yourself of the truth of his assertion.
By sending to the World’s Dispensary Med
ical Association, Buffalo, N. Y., you can get
a free book with the names, addresses and
photographs of a large number of those
cured of throat, bronchial and lung diseases,
as well as of skin and scrofulous affections
by the “ Golden Medical Discovery. ” They
also publish a book of 160 pages, being a
medical treatise on consumption, bronchitis,
asthma, catarrh, which will be mailed on
receipt of address and six cents in stamps.
Quickly, Thoroughly,
Forever Cured.
)Four out of five who
suffer nervousness,
mental worry, attacks
of “ the blues,” are but
paying the penalty of
early excesses. Vic
tims, reclaim your
vigor. Don’t despair. Send for book with
explanation and proofs. Mailed (sealed) free.
Dolls /
Picture Books/
Cheap /
W. H. OWINGS &, CO.,
2028 First Avenue.
Get prices.
The court of county commissioners of
Sumter county, Alabama, will meet on
Saturday, the 28th day of December. 1895,
for the purpose of receiving bids for the
hire of hard labor convicts for the year
1898. All bids must be sealed.
Judge of Probate Sumter County, Ala.
Keeps us all a guessing what new gift we will
receive this year. The time is drawing near.
Hasten to
The Trade Palace
And buy your Christmas Presents with good
cheer. Read through the different items and
you will surely find
A real nice pair of Ladies’ Five-Hook
3old Lacing Kid Gloves in Tan, Bfown
ind Black, for 89 cents.
A Gent’s Initial Silk Handkerchief for
18 cents.
A French all Wool Henrietta, 40 inches
vide, Black and Colors, seven yards for
A pair of Chenille Portieres, 50 inches
vide, three and one-half yards long, for
A French Bisque Doll, kid body, with
dockings and slippers, for 33 cents.
A real silk umbrella, Paragon frame,
vith natural stick handle, for 99 cents.
A Gent's Silk Scarf in a Bow, Teck or
rour-ln-Hand, for 24 cents.
A Lady's White or Colored Fancy Em
>roldered Silk Handkerchief for 19 cents.
A Silk Waist of five yards best quality
lilk in dark colors, for $3.60.
A Boy's suit, strictly all wool, sizes 4 to
t years, for $2.85.
A Ladies' Double Cape of good quality,
Black Cloth, trimmed with Braid, for
A 54-inch All Wool Ladies' Cloth, Black
ind Colors, five yards for $3.18.
A Lady's Nice Black Hare Muff for
18 cents.
A Gent's Shaving Sot. consisting of
Cup, Razor and Brush in a Case, for
A suitable Christmas Gift for Mother
or Father Is a Cup and Saucer for 25
A Silver-Plated Hand Glass, very ap
propriate for lady or gent, 88 cents.
A Lady's Purse, best quality, genuine
Leather, for 95 cents.
A Silk Muffler, extra full sizes. In
Plaids. Brocades or Persian effects, from
75 cents up.
A Dress Pattern, all Wool Cheviots,
Double Width Goods, eight yards for
A Lady's Box Coat In All-Wool
Beavers or Boucle, with Hippie Back and
Mandolin Sleeve, for $6.48.
A lady's Fast Black Hose. Call for
2915 extra quality, worth 40 cents a pair,
25 cents.
A pair of Children's All-Wool Gloves,
in Brown and Navy Blue, for 19 cents.
A Lady’s Scolloped Embroidered Hand
kerchief for 16 cents.
A Waist Pattern of All-Wool Scotch
Plaids, 42 Inches wide, at 58 cents per
A desirable present for a gentleman Is
a Smoking Set, with Pipe attached, for
N. B.—Out-of-town order's will be promptly
attended to.
1921 and 1923 Second Avenue, Birmingham, Ala.
2115, 2117 aud 2119 Second Avenue,
Between Twenty-first and Twenty-second Streets.
. .TsouvenirT. .
To Every Lady Visiting Our Store
• Desk and Safe combined. Cheap and appropriate Present
for a Gentleman.
Immense Stock of Toys
Of every description for the Holidays---so great a variety, so grand an
opportunity to fill the desired wants without emptying the purse. Make
it a point to look over our CHRISTMAS GIFTS and make the little
ones happy.
In your pocket till you have seen our Toy selection and prices.
Our stock is large and we do not want to carry anything over,
but want to close them out Monday and Tuesday. One call
will convince you that you have struck the right place.
All Sizes Toy Wagons, Wheel Barrows, Goat Carts, Beds and Dressers.
Doll Buggies, Wash Stands, Desks, Wardrobes, Rockers, China Closets, Chairs•
Rocking Horses, Velocipedes, Hooks and Ladder, Tricycles, Cradles, Lounges,
and everything else too numerous to hienlion.
aor REMEMBER, Everything Must Go.

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