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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, December 27, 1895, Image 4

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Entered at the postofflee at Birmingham,
Ala., as second-class matter.
Eastern Business Office, 48 Tribune Build
ing, New York; Western Business Office, 509
"The Rookery," Chicago. S. C. Beckwith,
Sole Agent Foreign Advertising.
Notice to Subscribers—When subscribers
desire to have their papers changed, they
must specify where the paper is now going
and where they wish it changed to. Watch
the label on your paper and see when your
* time expires.
The State Herald will appreciate news
from any community. If at a small place
where it has no regular correspondent,
news reports of neighborhood happenings
from any friend will be gratefully received.
All communications, of whatever charac
ter or length, should be written on only one
side of the sheet.
Business Office.230
Editorial Rooms.231
All calls after 9 o’clock p. m. should be
sent to the Editorial Rooms.
1806. THE STATE HERALD. 1800.
Subscription Price of the Daily Reduced to
Six ($6) Dollars Per Annum.
The State Herald management, appre
ciating the very liberal encouragement
extended to the paper by the people of
Alabama and other states, and especially
grateful to the business men of Birming
ham for their very liberal support during
this season, hereby announces a reduc
tion of the subscription price of the Dally
State Herald for 1896 to six (J6) dollars
per annum, delivered free by mail or by
Thus the State Herald becomes the
only daily morning newspaper in Ala
bama which meets the demand of mod
ern journalism, placing itself in easy
reach of every reading man, woman and
child in the state.
This reduction In subscription price
does not mean a decline in the general
excellence of the State Herald. It Is the
purpose of the management to steadily
Improve the paper in every department
and make it invaluable as a daily visitor
to Alabama homes and business offices.
In announcing this reduction the State
.Herald, which already enjoys the largest
circulation of any newspaper in Alaba
ma, confidently expects a large Increase
In Its number of x-eaders, at home and
abroad, because we realize that Ala
bamians are an appreciative people, who
-always respond liberally to the invitation
of enterprise and progress.
This reduction in price carries with it
the necessity ^or a strictly cash system
in the subscription department. There
fore our patrons will be expected to pay
monthly, quarterly, seml-annuaify or an
nually in advance, and will not become
offended when cut from the list for delin
Our rates for 1S96 are as follows:
Daily State Hex-aid, per nvonth.$ 50
Daily State Herald, per quarter.1 50
Daily State Herald, per annum.0 00
Sunday State'Herald alone, per an
num. 2 00
Weekly State Herald, per annum.... 1 00
Remittances can be made by express,
postoffice money oi-der or drafts at cur
rent rate of exchange. Address,
Birmingham, Ala.
— --.—
There Is a strong belief In the New
York drug trade that an effort is being
made to corner the opium market.
Dr. Robert Coltman, Jr., who formerly
lived in Washington, has been made chief
medical adviser of the royal palace at
The last edition of the Geneva Citizen
contained a write up of the countryot Ge-.
nova and the town of Geneva, inter
spersed with numer-ous illustrations. It
was a good paper and shows Interprise.
We congratulate Editor Clark.
Spain will not object to the American
commission consulting the Spanish
ixi-chives about Venezuela, but clearly Iji
timates that this is an act of courtesy
which does not apply in the slightest as
an admission of the Monroe doctrine.
tr tnc senate democrats any populists
will stand together and insist upon at
taching a free silver coinage bill as an
amendment to either the tariff bill or the
currency bill of the house, everybody will
have to show their hands, and the proba
bility is that Mr. Cleveland would have
to face a straight issue.
The queen regent of Bpaln Is a con
firmed smoker of cigarettes, and when at
work is seldom without one between hej
lips or In a box near at hand. It is the
especial pleasure of "Bubl” (his Catholic
Majesty, King Alfonso XIII) to light cig
arettes for his mamma. "Carmen Syl
via." the queen of Rotimanin, is also an
ardent cigarette smoker.
The senate passed without division
Senator Hill's bill removing the disabili
ties of Confederates in the matter of
army service. This act of Justice was a
long time coming, but now that it is
here the old gray-hacks can step Into the
ranks and fall on the treasury after
awhile for their share of pensions.
Gen. Dabney Maury, one of the old
est Confederate commanders now living,
has written a letter to Governor O’Fer
rall of Virginia, offering his services in
the event of a war between this country
and England. The letter Is strictly pri
vate. and at General Maury's request the
governor declines to give it out to the
newspapers. The general's views on the
situation are quite well known. He is
thoroughly in sympathy with the presi
dent in his Venezuela message, and has a
fair opinion of English soldiers. General
Maury held a major-general’s commis
sion in the Confederate army. He is not
the ranking surviving Confederate com
mander, but is one of the oldest in point
of age. General Maury is well known to
the people of Alabama, having been In
command of the Mobile defenses toward
the close of our civil war. One of his
daughters married a son of Mr. Charles
T. Pollard of Monigomery. General
Maury is a splendid soldier.
Now that the flurry is over and the war
excitement has died down, we find a dis
position among the many who at first in
► dorsed the president’s Venezuela mes
sage to question whether he should have
declared that the boundary must be fixed
by a United States commission. Some of
the leading northern and eastern papers
take the side of Great Britain, and the
old tory spirit is creeping out in various
unexpected quarters. The money
brokers, who look to England for loans,
and the Anglomaniacs, who turn up their
trousers when it rains in London, are
thoroughly disgusted at this nasty Amer
ican habit of filibustering, by Jove, don't
you know! Notwitstandtng, the mass of
the people are with the president, and
will stick to him to the last ditch on this
question. They may not agree with him
on currency questions, but they are loy
al to the views of. his Venezuela message.
The New York Sun voices the senti
ment of the great masses of the northern
states. It says:
"The British government having re
fused to submit the whole of the Vene
zuela boundary question to ar
bitration. It is in a high de
gree expedient that we should as
certain in a definite, official way, whether
there is so strong a prima facie case for
the claim of Venezuela as will justify U3
in the eyes of posterity, and of those Eu
ropean nations whose respect and friend
ship we desire, in taking a final and de
cisive step, the consequences of which
none can fathom. If in the course of the
historical and legal inquiry undertaken,
no evidence sustaining the British claim
shall be forthcoming from British
Guiana or Groat Britain, it will not be
the fault of the commission, should its
report seem open to the charge of being
based upon ex parte evidence. We shall
have done what we could to prove to the
world that we have not wantonly sought
a quarrel with Great Britain, or reckless
ly assumed the validity of a title which
would not bear the scrutiny of a judicial
tribunal. We do not, of course, expect
the British foreign office to accept as
conclusive a decision rendered on ex
perte testimony. On the contrary. It
will be at liberty to interrupt at any mo
ment an inquiry undertaken by us in the
fulfillment of our duty and in the inter
ests of justice, and to supersede the com
mission. by assenting to our request that
the whole boundary controversy between
Venezuela and British Guiana shall be
referred to arbitrators. Such a refer
ence was agreed to by Lord Granville in
June, 1885, and none can doubt that it
would meet with the approval of Mr.
Gladstone, were he now at the head of
the British government. Should Lord
Salisbury, however, persist in his rejec
tion of arbitration, and should the com
mission recommended by Mr. Cleveland
report that on all evidence submitted or
obtainable that Venezuela has a clear
title to a great tract of territory forcibly
withheld by Great Britain, the people of
the United States, without distinction of
section or of party, will heartily sustain
the president in defending the rights of
an American republic against foreign ag
gression. and in repelling force by
The gentleman who defined the line be
tween Venezuela and British Guiana was
something of an adventurer. It is said
that at one time he was a clerk in a to
bacco house at Richmond, Va. Ho was a
native of Prussia, and well versed in
scientific matters. He was fond of nat
ural history and was quite a botanist.
His history, as it creeps out by piece
meal, is as follows:
“Robert Herman Schomburgk, the au
thor of the 'line' between Venezuela and
British Guiana, which is now the subject
of so much controversy, was a Prus
sian scientist, who wandered a great deal
over the world, and lived almost every
where. He was born in 1804, and died in
1885. In his youth he was a clerk in a
mercantile house in New York, and in
that capacity drifted to South America,
and finally settled in the Island of Bar
bados, West Indies, as the representative
of an English mercantile establishment.
He had a penchant for botany and the
kindred sciences, and a loving disposi
tion and a taste for adventure, which led
him to make a geographical and botani
cal exploration through the colony of
British Guiana and the eastern provinces
of Venezuela. He spent six years, be
tween 1833 and 1S39, in this work.
“It was he who discovered the remark
able pictographs that appear upon the
rocks of the Essequibo river and its
branches, which were executed by a race
that at one time extended over the greater
part of North and South Amrica, but
are not regarded with much veneration
by the present inhabitants of the wild re
gions on tlie later continent. Similar
pictographs exist in St. Thomas, St. Vin
cent and Dominique, and other of the
Windward islands. Schomburgk also dis
covered that famous lily known as the
Victoria Regia. He found it in the la
goons along the banks of the Essequibo.
where there were frequent ponds, cover
ing hundreds of acres. The leaves of the
lily were so large and covered so much
water that the light-footed Indians used
to stand upon them.
bchomburgk returned to Georgetown,
British Guiana, and there wrote a book,
which was published in German, by his
brother, in 1S40. This was accompanied
by a rough map of the country he had ex
plored. About the same time he wrote a
pamphlet In English upon its natural
features, and gave his theory as to where
the boundary line between Guiana and
Venezuela ought to be drawn. It was an
arbitrary line, traced upon a map with
out any reference to the territory over
which Holland had claimed jurisdiction,
or the terms of the treaties by which she
transferred it to Great Britain. He only
expressed his opinion as to where nature
intended a division to be. and suggested
that Great Britain should have the entire
watershed of the Essequlbo river, which
had.been rpcognlzed as the dividing line
by the Spaniards and the Dutch.
“Schomhurgk was afterwards em
ployed by the British government to elab
orate his map and boundary line, and fnr
his services was made a baronet. He
was also appointed to the consular corps
of Great Britain, and served in Santo
Domingo and Siam, where he died. He
wrote n history of the colony of Barba
dos. and made several other contribu
tions to geographical and historical lit
“It Is nti Interesting and important
fact, just discovered,- that the States
man's Year Book' tor 1RR5, which is an
pminent British authority on geography
and staltstles. and has been so recog
nized1 fer Ihirtv-two years, gives the
area of British Guiana as 76.000 square
miles, white the sam» authority for 1R9!>
gives the area at 100,000 square miles In
that British colonv within ten years,
which Is unaccounted for by treaty or
recognized conquest."
It Is gratifying to know that the Cu
ban patriots have actually flanked Gen
eral Campos and have moved upon
Matanzas. within forty miles of Havana.
This is doing well, and if Gomez can hold
his portion or win a pitched battle the
cause of free Cuba Is pretty well ad
vanced. The following letter from the
Cuban chief has been received at head
quarters in New York city:
“Remedies. Dec. 18, 18S3.
“To Tomas Estrada Palma, Esq.—
“My Dear and Good Friend: It Is not
long since I wrote you. I do so when
ever I can, which is,jiot often, due to the
great amount of work on my shoulders
Eight days ago Gen. Antonio Maceo and
I fought the enemy, who were very nu
merous, and consisting of Infantry, cav
alry and artillery. The arms of khg re
public were victorious We advahcr
glowly, but with firm and sure step. The
Spaniards are in need of everything—sob
dlers, money, and of leaders who have
faith and courage.
“If Cuban valor and resolution are not
wanting; If their virtues and revolution
ary qualities do not weaken in the hearts
of Cuba’s children, I think that In sis
mdnths everything will be settled.
“That no sugar crop be made, that
the source from which the enemy still
dreams to obtain money be destroyed, Is
our programme. We should not fear the
complaints of superficial and Inflexible
"What we must do is to triumph, and
the most efficacious and the most de
cided means must be employed, although
they may appear harsh. We must con
quer, and whatever means we use, if we
obtain our glorious end, will always be
the best.
“I have always thought that we must
not be sanguinary, but we must be radi
cal revolutionists. You can rest assured
that Cuba will achieve her independence.
Your true friend, M. GOMEZ.”
Russia is all right. She has no inter
ests in the West Indies or in the Ameri
can. continent, and she can see things
clearly. A dispatch from Moscow says:
"The entire Russian press discusses
the chances of a conflict between Eng
land and America with ardor approach
ing enthusiasm, and in a tone of frank
hostility to England. The Vienna cor
respondent of the Standard quotes a jour
nalist who had an interview in Paris
with Dr. Raimundo Palmyra, ex-presi
dent of Venezuela, in which he declares
that neither Venezuela nOr the United
States could yield, and that the question
could only be settled by arbitration; but
that it was well known both in Venezuela
and the United States that there would
be no war. All the morning papers have
editorials this morning proclaiming a
sentiment of peace and good will towards
Venezuela and America. Various En
glish religious bodies have cabled to their
brethren in America their sympathy with
their efforts for peace.”
From London, saya the New York Sun,
comes all sorts of idle rumors, some of
which connect the names of Mr. William
Waldorf Astor and Lady Randolph
Churchill, spinning from thence a web
of romance which conducts Mr. Astor
through a series of parliamentary suc
cesses until it evolves him into a peer
of England and a possible prime minister.
The silly season having been at an end
for several weeks, it is a little surprising
how such stories originate, but, with the
rumors of war that are now floating
about, it is to be hoped that the wise
heads of England will occupy themselves
with considering the question, which pro
voked so much mirth on the stock ex
change last week, as to whether when
! the British government sent over its iron
clads they would be interfered with by
excursion boats."
It is said that Senor Estrada Palma,
on behalf of the New York Cuban Junta,
has entered into a compact with Dr. J.
Julio Henna, president of the Porto Rico
revolutionary party, whereby both par
ties will co-operate in aiding the causqs
Of Cuba and Porto Rico. President Hen
na acknowledged that he had been in
consultation with President Palma anti
that steps will at once be taken to assist
the people of Porto Rico, who are anx
iously awaiting the signal to arise. With
the development of an insurrection in
Porto Rico, the efforts of the Spaniards
to put down the war in Cuba will, neces
sarily, be weakened and troops will be
sent from the island of Cuba to Porto
Mr. Cleveland evidently despairs of
any action by his lords and commons,
and falls back upon his old syndicate to
get him out of the rut. Upon his invita
tion, Mr. J. P. Morgan of the Rothschild
syndicate visited the white house Tues
day evening. How long is this bond
business to last, and how are we to get
the gold to redeem the greenbacks issued
to our soldiers and sailors when we get
into a war with John Bull?
juon. ViCRnes xjruiiaiun vui:Diaurs oejutiur
r ackburn’s Chances Excellent.
Hon. Charles J. Bronston of Lexington,
a member-elect of the state senate for
the Lexington district. Is Senator Black
burn's principal lieutenant, and will prob
ably have direct charge of the senator's
campaign at Frankfort. He thinks Mr.
Blackburn Is sure of the democratic cau
cus nomination, and that his election will
follow, or that no senator will be elected
until the succeeding legislature names
the man. He says the unseating by the
republicans of Kaufman of Lexington
will be simply an outrage, as Wood Dun
lap has absolutely no Just claim upon
the seat or good grounds for the contest
he has made. If Kaufman is unseated It
will be because a rabid partisanship de
mands it- of the majority in the housed
In order that a republican senator may
be elected. Mr. Bronston will be among
the foremost men in the senate of the
state. He has had experience in politics
and In' parliamentary practices, and Is
up to every move in every game. He
served as a member of the constitutional
, convention, and has been commonwealth
. attorney in his circuit for many years.
From now until the legislature meets,
in less than two weeks, the politics of the
state will be growing more and more in
! terosting. The Indications are that the
j coming session of the legislature will be
about the liveliest the state will have wit
nessed for years, and politicians and cltl
aons generally will be on the watch for
developments from day to day. When
the democrats nominate their candidate
and the republicans name theirs the con
test will have just started, for the elec
tion will follow, and as the legislature
now stands neither side will he able to
elect its man. There will likely bo sev
eral preliminary fights In the house of
great interest. The republicans propose
to adopt Reed's rules, with some modi
fications and changes that wilt permit
them to unseat a democrat or two for
the purpose of getting a majority on
Joint ballot, and this attempt will be
bitterly restsed by the large democratic
minority, and the democrats will have the
experience in legislation and parliamen
tary practice on their side.
General Johnston Says No Other Town Com
pares With the Magic City.
Oen. R. D. Johnston, who has recently
returned from Texas, says he saw no city
while absent that would compare with
Birmingham In thrift and activity and
general business revival. He is con
vinced more than ever that Birmingham
Is the best town in the country, and
speaks glowingly of the outlook for her
Will be held at any point on electric line
until 1 o’etock a. m. for $3 extra Parlies
having receptions or any entertainment
can secure these cars for their guests
by notifying Birmingham Railway and
Electric company. 303 North 30th street.
1 0.1 <L
UjiA- SHIM'’ D ii
"In your heart may bells of gladness
Ring their happy chime;
Fain we would that nought of sadness
Cloud your happy time.” i
The Smallest-Freak.
Can It be possible that the Montgom
ery Advertiser will not even give its
gracious consent that the State Herald
may approve the president’s message re
lating to tire Venezuelan boundary ? Wo
submit that of all the petty journalism
we have ever known, this freak of our
Montgomery contemporary is the small
est. What wretched stuff it has been
dealing forth to its readers! And this
is the savior of Alabama democracy that
will have none but its own personal high
priests to sit in the party temple, none
but its anointed for governor.—Hunts
ville Argus.
Can’t Avoid tho Fact.
This significant paragraph appears in
the Montgomery Postoflice Tuesday
"The Johnston men are waiting for a
Christmas gift from Hon. Dick Clarke,"
remarks the Mobile Register. "Dread
ing" would better express their attitude.
Perhaps the Register may relieve their
state of mind by New Year anyhow."
So it was agreed that Mr. Clarke’s home
postoflice organ is to have the exquisite
pleasure of announcing Mr. Clarke’s can
didacy and not the Montgomery personal
grievance postoflice organ. The Journal
had reason to believe this was the pro
gramme agreed upon at the recent con
ference of Mr. Clarke’s friends in this
city. It was not deemed advisable for
the Montgomery postoflice to make the
announcement. There is prettyNgood
political sense in this programme. But
Mr. Clarke can’t avoid the fact, plaJn,
pointed and undeniable, that the Mont
gomery Postoflice, the remnant of Ran
dolphlsm In this county, which is odious
to all the people in the state, Is respon
sible for his canddacy, no matter who
has the special privilege of making
his formal announcement.—Montgomery
Bury Intolerance and Strife.
It seems to us that the Montgomery Ad
vertiser and the Mobile Register, both
"pap” papers, would not consent to sup
port Captain Johnston for governor
should he recant and abjure his political
views and pledge himself to kiss the un
washed foot of their political saint. Pres
ident Cleveland. There are many lova
ble traits in the character of President
Cleveland, but in his overbearing dog
matism we do not know whether he is
imitating the Advertiser and the Reg
ister, or whether they are mimicking him.
This is the meanest thing we have ever
said of our esteemed president, but It
does not seem that Mr. Cleveland has
no use for a democrat who presumes to
differ with him—and our “esteemed”
confreres above named would rather see
the democratic party go to shcol with a
man or men of thetr selecting than to see
the party harmonized and the white peo
ple of Alabama unified under the leader
ship of lifelong democrats who differ
with them and tlie president on some
minor detail of party financial policy,
when our very last state convention dis
tinctly recognized and declared the fact
that "there are differences of opinion
Among us in matters of detail.” but “all
believe in the free coinage of silver when
ever it can be done consistently with the
maintenance of a sound and safe cur
rency.” We and all bimetallists maintain
the single gold standard, to which our
above friands are tending, and actually
ooihmltted, is neither “sound” nor ''safe;"
that the ‘use of both metals is the stand
ard money of the country." The dlffer
ence between the national and sfat-' plat
, form3 is not so grave as to justify the
ostracism of any true democrat, or to
bar him from seeking office at the hand
of the party, if he is known to be "honest,
i competent and faithful."
If we are ever to unite and harmonize
1 the party we must bury strife and in
tolerance.—Selma Times.
To Curs a Cold in One Day.
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets.
All druggists refund the money if it falls
I to cure. 25c. 10-27-6m-2p
Of the New Cumberland Presbyterian Church
This Afternoon—Address by Dr. Lan
dreth of Nashville.
The corner stone of the new Cumber
land Presbyterian church building, at
Fifth avenue and Eighteenth street, will
be laid this afternoon at 3:30 o’clock.
The occasion will be celebrated with ap
propriate services, and short addresses
will be made by the pastor, Rev. R. D.
Wear, and Drs. Handley and Kelley. Dr.
Ira Landreth, editor of the Cumberland
Presbyterian of Nashville, Tenn., will
make the principal speech. An excellent
musical programme has been arranged,
and will be rendered by a large number
of voices from the various church choirs
of the city.
Miss Rosalie 0. Bridewell and Mr. George
Golding—Rather an All Round Sur
prise to Relatives and Friends.
Married at the residence of the bride’s
parents, 314 Twenty-third street, yester
day. by Rev. Thomas J. Beard, Miss Ros
alie O. Bridewell to Mr. George Golding
of Washington, D. C.
Miss Bridewell arrived a few days ago
from Washington, where she has been
for the past several months, to spend
the holidays with her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. H. F. Bridewell.
Mr Golding arrived In the city yester
The wedding was a quiet affair, only
members of the immediate family being
The marriage was as great a surprise
to the family as the news will be to the
bride’s many friends.
Prominent Englishmen So Declare Them
selves to the New York World.
The World publishes the following ca
blegrams received in reply to Us re
quests for opinions on the Venezuelan
From the Prince ot Wales.
“Sandringham, Dec. 24.—Sir Francis
Knollys is desired by the Prince of
Wales and the Duke of York to thank
Mr. Pulitzer for his cablegram.
“They earnestly trust and cannot but
believe t#^ present crisis will be arranged
in a manner satisfactory to both coun
tries, and will be succeeded by the same
warm feeling of friendship which has
j existed between them for so many
I years.”
From tho Bishop of London.
‘'With all my heart I pray to God to
avert from this country and the United
States the crisis and disaster of war
between them, and I hold it to be the
bounden duty of every man in both coun
tries to avoid all provocative language
and to do all that he conscientiously can
to promote peace.”
The following unsolicited dispatch was
received by the World from the Free
Masons of Manchester:
“Christmas greeting of the Free Ma
sons' club of Manchester, to American
Free Masons: Glory to God in the high
est, on earth peace, good will to men.”
moonshiner's arrested.
Deputy Collector John E. Logwood re
ports the capture of an illicit still and
the arrest of four men In Lawrence
county, near Pool. The men grave their
names as Matt Hughes, Bob Sanford,
Buddie Higgins and C» o»*a:e Hampton.
The still is valued at $5d* and had a ca
ps oitv of about four gallons a day. One
hundred and sixty gallons of beer and
lour graHors of sour mash nnd six gallons
of whisky were found with the outfit.
Charged With Murder, Will Be Given a Pre
liminary Hearing Before Justice
Martin Today.
A preliminary hearing will be given
Carl Moyer today at 9 o'clock before Jus
tice Charles Martin. Moyer shot and
killed a negro some time ago on Morris
avenue. He was arrested on the charge
of murder. The prosecution wilt be rep
resented by Attorneys John F. Gillespie
and R. C. Reedus, and the defense by
Col. J. J. Altman and Richard Fries.
SUSPENDERS—Silver Buckles.
Christmas Offenders Received It Yesterday
Morning in Police Court.
Judge Feagln disposed of the following
cases yesterday morning:
Margaret McCray, disorderly conduct;
Malinda DuBose, disorderly conduct;
Henry Bates, affray; $4.
Hula Johnson, disorderly conduct; $4,
Jane McFarland, disorderly conduct;
Beoa Allen, disorderly conduct; $3.
Johnson Bush, disorderly conduct; $5.
Charles Kennon, disorderly conduct; $4.
W. H. Spain, disorderly conduct; $4.
J. F. Cordin, disorderly conduct; $5 and
Julia Henderson, femaTe appearing in
public In male attire; $3.
Pink Bryant, assault and battery; $5
and costs. ^
Bou Perry, assault and battery; $5.
Will Sloan, assault and battery; $25
and costs and ten days extra on the
Several cases were continued.
Highest Honors—World’s Pair.
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free
‘.tom Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.
' v. "*

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