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Birmingham state herald. (Birmingham, Ala.) 1895-1897, December 29, 1895, Part One, Image 6

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The Southern Lumber Fire Asso
ciation of Birmingham.
Composed as It Is, of Nearly Every Consider
able Lumber Concern in five Gulf States,
Pledged to Contract With It.
With the happy change of the Birming
ham district from the chrysalis boom
state into substantial business condi
tions that go to make ane enduring com
mercial center no interests have grown
more rapidly nor showed more gratifying
evidence of an intimate alliance with the
advancement of the community than in
surance. The best companies in the
world are represented here, and there is
plenty of home talent and genius for or
ganization and executive achievement
that is going to make itself felt for good
far and wide.
The latest enterprise of this nature Is
thus handsomely and circumstantially
noticed by the St. Louis Lumberman:
After much discussion and deliberation
as to the best manner in which to escape
from the exorbitant charges Incurred by
them for insurance, a large number of
the lumber manufacturers of the south
determined early in 1805 on the formation
of a mutual insurance organization. On
the 19ih of February, 1895, an act was
passed by the general assembly of Ala
bama and approved, entitled "an act to
incorporate the Southern Lumber Fire
association of Birmingham, Ala., and to
define its rights, and powers and fran
chises,” the ninth section of said act pro
viding “that no organization shall be had
under this charter by the members there
of until they have Becured. bona fide, in
writing contracts for insurance to the
amount of not less than $200,000.”
The following concerns accordingly
agreed and pledged themselves to make
contracts with the company upon Its or
ganization for a period of twelve months
for the amounts set opposite their names,
and bound themselves to pay for such in
surance at the rate of premium fixed by
the Southeastern Tariff association:
McMillan Cypress Co.. Mobile. Ala.$2,590
Mobile Spoke and Handle Factors*, Mo
bile Ala.2,500
F. C. Turner & Co., Mobile. Ala.2.WO
Yeliow Pine Lumber Co.. Mobile, Ala... 2,500
Yellow Pine Lumber Co., Yellow Pine,
Ala. 2,500
Stewart & Butt, Mobile. Ala. 1,500
Savage & Morris, Mobile, Aia.2,500
Gulf City Shingle Manufacturing Co.,
Mobile, Ala. . 2.500
Mobile Lumber Co., Mobile, Ala. 2,500
Dixie Mill Co., Mobile, Ala. 2,500
Hieronymus Bros., Mobile, Ala. 2,500
Tile Gilbert Manufacturing Co., Mobile,
Ala. 2,500
Hubbard Bros., Mobile. Ala.2,500
Jordan Lumber Co., Mobile, Ala.2,590
Gefst & Co., Pollard, Ala. 1,000
Pollard Mill Co.. Pollard, Ala. 1.500
Kscambta I,umber Co., Pollard. Ala. 2,500
The Peters Lumber Co., Alco, Ala. 2,500
Dunham Lumber Co., Dunham, Aia.2,500
Milner, Caldwell & Flowers Lumber
Tallapoosa Lumber Co., Macon county,
Vesuvius Lumber Co., Montgomery,
Tallapoosa Lumber Co., Elmore county,
Ala. 2.500
Sistrunk & Jordan, Tallassee, Ala.2,500
George L. Smith Manufacturing Co.,
Montgomery, Ala.2,500
Wadsworth & Co., Montgomery, Ala... 2.500
W W. Wadsworth, Wadsworth, Ala... 2,500
Louis V. Clark & Co., Birmingham, Ala. 2,500
Southern Supply Co.. Birmingham, Ala. 2,500
Dean & King, Birmingham, Ala. 1,000
Hawkins Lumber Co., Birmingham,
Carbollneum Wood Preserving & Man
ufacturing Co., Ilandsboro, Miss.... 1,000
New Venice Manufacturing Co., Scran
ton, Miss. 1,000
Farnsworth Lumber Co., Scranton,
Miss. 2,500
Moss Point Lumber Co., Moss Point,
Lake Mills, Moss Point, Miss. 2,500
Gulf Red Cedar Co., Greenville, Ala.... 2,601)
Bridewell & Co., Ponchatoula, La. 1,500
Jamette & Co.. Hyde, La. 1,500
East Union Mills, Independence, La... 1,000
Olmstead & McLaughlin, Hammond,
^ ...o 500
G. E. Dunn, saw mill. Tick fa w. La. 2,000
J. J. White, planing mill, Lumberton,
Miss. 2,500
J. J. White, saw mill, Lumberton. Miss. 2,500
J. J. White, planing mill, McComb City,
Miss. 2,500
J. J. White, planing mill. McComb City,
Miss. 2,500
Hickson & Co., Ponlarsville, Miss. 2,500
J. J. Newman Lumber Co., lumber, Hat
tiesburg. Miss.2,500
J. J. Newman Lumber Co., planing mill,
Hattiesburg, Miss. 2,500
J. J. Newman Lumber Co., saw mill,
Hattiesburg, Miss. 2.500
J. S. Blackburn, Hattiesburg, Miss_2,500
B. L. Lowery, saw' mill, Ellisville, Miss. 2,500
B. L. Lowery, planing mill. Ellisville,
II. Weston Lumber Co., store and stock,
Logtown, Miss. 2,500
H. Weston Lumber Co., lumber. Log
town. Miss. 2,600
H. Weston Lumber Co., saw mill, Log
town. Miss.. 2,500
11. Weston Lumber Co., planing mill,
Logtown, Miss. 2,500
R. W. Perry, Dundee, Miss...,. 1,500
The D. L. Moore Land and Lumber Co.,
Lorenzen, Miss. 2,500
Dan J. Beln. Maregold. Miss. 2,000
R. E. Lee Lumber Co., Memphis, Tenn. 2,500
Anderson Tully Co., Memphis, Tenn_2,500
L V. Boyle & Co., Boyle, Miss. 2,50*)
Cole Manufacturing Co., Memphis,
Memphis Barrel and Hdg. Co., Mem
Haxelhurst Lumber Co., Haxelhurst,
Miss. 2,000
Marshal Lumber Co., Brookhaven,
Miss. 2,500
Lathrop-Hatton Lumber Co., Riverside,
Ala. 2,500
Collins & Chandler, Jasper, Ala. 1.500
J It. Milligan. Amory, Miss. 1.000
George T. Houston & Co., Amor.v, Miss. 2,500
George T. Houston & Co., Nettleton,
Nettleton Hardwood Co., Nettleton,
S. Spongier Manufacturing Co., Vicks
burg, Miss.2,000
Curphey-Woolen Lumber Co.. Vicks
burg, Miss. 2,500
Curphey & Mundy, Vicksburg, Miss_ 1,000
Meridian Sash and Blind Factory, Me
ridian, Miss. 2,500
Meridian Furniture Factory, Meridian,
... 2 500
Rushvllle Hardwood Lumber Co., Indl
anola, Miss. 2,500
Rushvllle Hardwood Lumber Co., Indl
anolu. Miss. 2,500
W. M. Carney, Atmore, Ala. 2,500
W. B. Wright & Co., Pensacola, Fla_ 2,500
J. A. Chaffin & Co., Milton, Fla. 2,500
J. A. Chaffin & Co., Milton. Fia.2,500
Sanford Lumber Co.. Caryvllle, Fla_2,500
Sanford Lumber Co., Caryvllle, Fla. 2,500
Skinner Manufacturing Co., Escambia,
Fla. 2,500
Skinner Manufacturing Co., Escambia,
Fla. 2,500
The total subscription was In excess of
the amount required by the charter, and
much greater than is demanded by the
requirements of safe and conservative
underwriting. In October last blank ap
plications were mailed,to all prospective
Insurers, with requests for diagrams of
plants, blue prints, policy forms giving
former rates of insurance, etc., together
with the announcement that a meeting of
the policy holders would be held at the
association's office at Birmingham, Ala.,
on November 7. 1895, for the purpose of
organ!?.'ng under the charter.
The meeting was held on the 7th ultimo,
according to programme, and the tempo
tary organization was completed, with
the incorporators as board of directors,
the charter expressly providing that the
Incorporators act as directors until the
first annual meeting of the association.
Accordingly, no election of directors wap
necessary, the following Incorporators
constituting the board until the annual
meeting in January: J. J. White, J. B.
York, C. W. Gates, John P. Tillman, Har
ry Hawkins, I. C. Enochs, W. G. Wadley,
Louis V. Clark, W. E. Sistrunk and F. L.
Wagar. The names of J. J. White, I. C.
Enochs, J. B. York, W. G. Wadley and C.
W. Gates were furnished by the secretary
of the Southern Lumber Manufacturers'
association, as they constituted the in
surttnce committee of that association.
A It gal quorum of the boardof directors
being present at the meeting, they went
into the election of temporary officers,
which resulted as follows:
President—Harry Hawkins.
Vice-president—J. J. White.
General manager—Louis V. Clark.
Secretary—M. M. Grant.
Assistant secretary—H. M. Archibald.
Treasurer—T. R. Johnston.
General counsel—John P. Tillman.
It was generally understood that none
of the temporary officers were to receive
salaries or other compensation for their
The names of the Wager Lumber com
pany, the L. N. Dantzler Lumber com
pany and the Vinegar Bond Lumber com
pany, and others, were also added to the
list of subscribers.
There is a great deal of enthusiasm in
the new organization, which is meeting
with great success, and judging from
what we know' of those who constitute it,
we feel safe in predicting a splendid fu
ture for it. Unless all signs prove mis
leading it will save thousands of dollars
annually for the lumber fraternity, and
will go far to unite its members in the
bonds of friendly co-operation as they
have never been united before. The
Southern Lumber'Fire association is de
serving of ail encouragement, and we
hope and believe it will receive it.
Personnel of the Projectors.
In reference to the above article it Is
gratifying to the citizens of Bit mjhgham
to note the successful launching of so
strong and influential an enterprise as
the Southern Lumber Fire association,
with headquarters in Birmingham.
Birmingham being the railroad center
of the "yellow pine” district, it is but
proper that the headquarters of their Arc
insurance association be here rather than
any other place in the south, as its trunk
lines of railroads radiating from if make
it the most accessible point for the milling
The temporary officers selected, some of
whom will probably he the permanent
officers, are men of integrity, business sa
gacity and experience.
The permanent officers will be elected
at the January meeting In Birmingham.
Of the personnel of thp present officers
we will give a brief account. The presi
dent, Mr. Harry Hawkins, is well and fa
vorably known as president of the Haw
kins Lumber company. He Is a young
man, who has managed ills own affairs
very successfully from a small enterprise
up to a large and influential industry.
The vice-president, Mr. J. J. While, iH
known as the “pioneer lumberman of
Mississippi.” He is a gentleman who
needs no introduction to the lumber deal
ers nor encomiums at the hands of the
State Herald, having been Identified with
the lumber trade for many years, and
having accumulated large wealth and
high position in the yellow pine world by
his honorable business methods and con
Of the general manager. Col. Louis V.
Clark, who will probably be the perma
nent general manager of the association,
consequently the "underwriter,” or “bal
ance wheel,” we dwell more at length, as
upon his careful attention depends large
ly the success of the enterprise.
Colonel Clark’s experience in the insur
ance business covers a period of nearly
ten years, or since his residence In Bir
mingham, dating back to the winter of
1880. Though still a young man, he shows
a successful career since he was gradu
ated in the class of 1885 at the Univer
sity of Alabama, where he took a promi
nent lead In his class as president of the
three literary societies at their first an
nual Joint debate, and as captain of the
famous cadet company which took the
first prize at the World’s Cotton exposi
tion in New Orleans In May, 1885. In 1887
he organized the Jefferson Volunteers,
Company G, Second infantry, Alabama
state troops. He was elected colonel of
the Second infantry, which office he now
holds, in June, 18110, and succeeded Ex
Gov. Thomas G. Jones, who was nomi
nated for governor.
As senior and manager of the firm of
Louis V. Clark & Co. ho has gone stead
ily to the front in the Insurance field un
til today he is manager for the southern
department of the London Guarantee
and Accident Co., Limited, of London,
England, and the Hartford Steam Boiler
Inspection and Insurance company of
Hartford, Conn., two of the strongest
casualty insurance companies and best
known to the insuring public. Again, his
large local fire insurance agency of for
eign, eastern and southern companies
has given him valuable experience as a
fire insurance writer, which makes him
well adapted for the management of the
Southern Lumber Fire association.
The secretary, Mr, M. M. Grant, find
ing that his duties with the Birmingham
Dry Goods company require so much of
his time, will probably be succeeded by
the assistant secretary, Mr. H. M. Archi
Mr. Archibald's experience in financial
matters at the Berney National bank for
a number of years, and in other places o3
responsibility and trust, peculiarly fit
him for the duties of Ills new position.
Mr. T. R. Johnston, the treasurer, who
is also manager of the Southern Supply
company of this city, and has large
milling interests in south Georgia, con
trolling the output of a number of other
mills, Is prominent and well known as a
man of firm busines integrity and good
The general counsel, John P. Tillman,
Esq., has enjoyed the confidence and es
teem of the Birmingham and state bar
for a number of years, and their legal in
terests could not be entrusted to better
All In all. the members or the southern
Lumber Fire association have every rea
son to congratulate themselves on their
excellent selection of officers.
The State Herald bespeaks for this new
Birmingham enterprise great success.
Let Factional Strife End.
Party harmony seems to be the desire
of the great majority of democrats these
days, and they are casting about to And
a man who will unite the factions of the
party. When he is found he will be nom
inated,and elected by an old-time ma
At the present writing Capt. Joseph F.
Johnston seems to be the most available
man for the position. Notwithstanding
the bitter light even now made against
him lie has no words of censure for any
one. He Is minding his own affairs, abus
ing no one, censuring no one, but on the
contrary, acting in every way ns becomes
a man who desires party peace and har
Contrasted with this attitude we And
the press opposed to him wildly beating
the air In a vain attempt to prove him
unAt for the nomination, and they are
also wildly beating the bushes trying
to scare up an opposition candidate, and.
In short, doing many things to strife
and discord and bring on a bitter fac
tional Aght within the ranks of the party.
Such actions alone show that the opposi
tion is not properly a faction which will
promote harmony.
By all means, let this factional Aght be
ended. Put aside the extremist and let
the people get together upon a platform
broad and liberal and without hatred.—
Canebrake Herald.
Fresh bread and candy made
daily at C. W. Cody’s, 1820 to
1828 3d avenue. j*s 2t>
Old papers for sale cheap at
this office.
t -f SOLD! ^ ^
Corner First Avenue and Twenty-first Street,
Who will remove it on Wednesday, January i, 1896. On Monday and Tuesday, December 30 and 31, The Model
will be opened at the usual stand, and will offer the entire stock of fine Millinery, Velvets, Ribbons, Feathers and
Children’s Wear at prices unheard of. It will be
—This great Millinery selling. Other merchants will marvel and wonder. It will make you wTonder. Never in the
history oi this store have real values been so ruthlessly ignored—just prices so ridiculously cut.
Come and look—Buy if you think best.
THE MODEL, First Avenue and Twenty-first Street.
Dwight Company’s Grand Cotton
Manufacturing Plant.
Factory Admirably Equipped With the Best
Known Machinery and Appliances and
Comforts for Operatives.
Dwight, Dec. 28.—(Special Staff Corre
spondence of the State Herald.)—Gadsden
and Attalla and Alabama City and the
state of Alabama ought to be proud of the
big new cotton mill of the Dwight Manu
facturing company, beautifully situated
at the foot of Lookout mountain, half
way between Etowah's growing capital
and her thriving younger sister of more
classical name.
It is a grand manufacturing plant. An
excellent opportunity to view it through
out has Just been afforded me by the
courtesy of Mr. H, Gardner Nichols, the
agent. This mill looms up in the van
guard of the inevitable transfer to the
south by New England of the manufac
ture of a class of cotton goods which is
of world-wide demand. It means much
more. It is a conspicuous signal of the
faith of capital that is keen and cautious
to the last degree in the advantages of
the cotton belt for the manufacture of
cotton. It represents an investment of
$750,000 put down here at a time when
there is universal complaint of linancial
timidity in taking hold of inviting enter
prises, or any new or extended business
venture. All that money can do or may
do has been and will be done in making
the most completely equipped mill In the
country, up to date in every appo ntment
conducive to economy, dispatch of pro
duction and sensible accommodation to
the needs of operatives. Soon the con
cert of its 30,000 spindles and the pulsa
tions of its 800 looms will “thunder In the
index" of industrial progress and achieve
ments by the south, that If yet untold,
are in evidence as a veritable revelation
of splendid possibilities.
The mill is not yet in operation, as some
eager correspondents have prematurely
stated for the 300 car loads of machinery
received have not been entirely set In
th“ir destinations, and all cannot be
ready to convert the lleecy staple into
marketable cotton goods—the three-yard
sheeting, which will be the kind of piod
uct—for two or three weeks.
True, there was some ueiemuuj
jolly ado over the touching of the but
ton and the breaking of a christening bot
tle on Christmas day, but that was
merely to set the first wheel going, in
short,’to try the monster Corliss engine.
This is a grand machine. It is the latest
Corliss; weighs 150 tons, is a 1500 horse
power cross-condensing engine; high
pressure, 28 inches 6-foot stroke atfd low
pressure, 52 inches 6-foot stroke It has
a 24-ton shaft and a wheel 26 feet in
diameter that will be driven to make 62J4
revolutions a minute—faster than a mile
every sixty seconds. Instead of belting,
about 1700 or 1800 yards of maniila hemp
rope will be used. The enormous cast
ings of the component parts of this Titan
of mechanical energy exacted a rare de
gree of skill, and the result is In Itself a
triumph of the founder's genius. The
big boilers—Caldwell twin boilers—have
been going for several weeks, heating and
drvlng the vast building.
Close to the main structure, in a roll
ing stretch of woods of cedar, oak
and pine, whose picturesque background
is formed by the grim and rugged emi
nences of Lookout mountain, there is
springing into life to the mus e of the
hammer and saw as pretty a village for
operatives as kindly fancy may plcture^
The great chimney, which is to be the
landmark of a great progressive move
ment for this region of Alabama, you ob
serve, is located at the east end of the
main building. It Is thus placed with
the view. In the event of the success of
i£e present mill, to duplicate It. making
a plant with 60.000 spindles As It Is, It
is already the largest in the state and
nnp of the biggest In the south. The
largest In the south Is the reiser South
Carolina, which is being Increased from
50,000 to something over 100.000 spindles.
The biggest cotton mill plant in the
United States is the Amoskeag*at Man
ChThee Dwight company, who, after look
ing over the south for two years, decided
upon this spot for a southern investment
is an old New England company, having
been formed about 1834 out of three man
ufacturing concerns at Chicofiee, in cen
tral Massachusetts, at the junction of the
Chicopee and Connecticut rivers. The
founders were the Dwight, Perkins and
Cabot mills. The capital stock of the
company is $1,200,000, and it has a $4,000,
000 surplus fund. Its home plant at Chic
opee has 140,000 spindles. Here are manu
factured the goods widely known to trade
and consumers as the“Dwight Star and
the “Dwight Anchor.”
The product of their Alabama mill will,
as before noted, exclusively be three
yard sheeting. It will be manufactured
for export to Corea, China, Turkey and
the north of Africa. There 1b great de
mand in these countries among the num
erous seml-civilired people for such
goodB To many of them scissors and
needle and thread are strangers. They
take long strips of the goo<W**nd by deft
handling and wrapping about the person
make a picturesque attire, not without
some grace of effect. So they don’t cut
a garment according to the cloth, but
wrap according to the stuff.
Among the stockholders and directors
of the company are such well-known
New Englanders as Thomas Jefferson
Coolidge. president, who was a minister
to France under Harrison's administra
tion; George P. Gardner, William Mars
ton, Arthur T. Lyman. J. Howard Nich
ols of Boston, and Amory Lawrence,
head of the Lawrence company of Bos
ton, the largest dry goods commission
house In the country. Myr.ot, Hooper &
Co., in Boston. Philadelphia and New
York, are the Dwight's selling agents.
In Alabama their superintendent, or
agnt, as they say in old England and
New England, Mr. H. Gardner Nichols,
is a young man apparently not much
over 25 years of age. Having had the
best educational advantages, being grad
uated from Harvard university, and hav
ing been brought up. as It were, in the
cotton mill business, with an inherent
yankee wit and shrewdness, he seems ad
mirably lit for his responsibility, great
though it b». Ho has a most pleasing ad
dress. keeps a cool head, with unswerving
devotion to business duty, and it is it
self an inspiration to see the enthusiasm
with whch he takes hold of every detail
of the business. I watched him with in
terest in a little amicable contention with
a building contractor about a small mat
ter, and saw him turn the latter down
on the reading of the contract. “You
may say,” said Mr. Nichols, turning my
way when the little controversy was
ended, "that our contractors are J. M.
Stewart & Co., of St. Louis, and they
are six months behind with us. The
next time we want contractors we'll get
them nearer home.”
I took a walk up one of the streets
of the new town, over whose future Mr.
Nichols Is having no end of pleasant
speculation. He declares it shall be a
model village, with no concealed weap
ons. no saloons, concealed or unconceal
ed, that there will be ample public
schools, a public library and reading
room and a handsome union church, in
which all denominations may have an
opportunity for worship. There are 150
cottages building and completed. A
pleasing and striking feature of them
will be the absence of sameness or mo
notony that is often characteristic of
the homes of operatives about cotton fac
tories. The houses of Dwight, as the
town is to be called, will be of architec
ture and painting so varied that no two
of them will be alike. The dwelling
houses will be single cottages and have
from three to six rooms. They are very
neat houses, look roomy and even styl
ish, on lots 75x180 feet. The streets are
60 feet wide and well shaded, and 20-foot
alleys add to public convenience. The
town will start off with a population of
about 2000. The mill will employ, as soon
as operations begin, about 800 hands.
For the good of the town they will be of
the very best class of working people,
and, as Mr. Nichols, laughingly added,
“must bring their characters with them.”
The houses will be all ready for occupa
tion before many days. The location is
as heaitny ana wnoiesome as u. is graie
ful to the eye, being naturally drained.
Excellent water Is obtained from a pure,
bold mountain stream, Black creek,
whose famous and beautiful falls are but
a few minutes walk from the mill. The
mill will be well protected against fire. A
7,000,000-gallon reservoir supplied by an
8-lnch main from Black creek, 3000 feet
away, and automatic fire sprinklers in
the big building that will drench it from
top to bottom, are some of the features.
In so admirable a town and manufactur
ing nlant electricity of course supplies
the light and a. great deal of the power.
The mill will be amply provided with
stock and warehouses.
Dwight is bound to be a famous south
ern town. As soon as its 30.000 spindles,
each capable of 10,000 revolutions a min
ute, and its 800 looms, with 190 beats a
minute, get to moving aright and Mr.
Nichols’ most approved yankee notions
are made manifest with the sweet influ
ence of his happy southern environ
ments, Dwight is bound to come to the
front and be an exemplar of urban thrift
and comeliness.
Mr. Nichols Is a bachelor, handsome
enough and trim enough of figure to lead
a german or a football sprinting chase,
and with a remarkably winning expres
sion for a republican, which he avows is
his politics as though it were something
to be proud of! Yet he is spending his
second winter in this democratic coun
try and say's he is delighted. He Is
"keeping bach” in a very pretty cottage
not more pretentious than his neighbors,
but which Just now evihees in chickens,
cats, dogs and vegetation an interest in
animated nature that is most gratifying
evidence of naan and brother.
n. h. w.
The right “ad” in the right
place will always bring re
sults. Try a space in the State
Herald’s “Cheap Columns.”
Charges nominal for all ex
oept “Situations Wanted,”
which are free.
Ho not these times justify
you in saving the 25 cents?
If so, buy a dollar bottle of
whisky for 75 cents.
209 and 21119th Street
Open until 9:30 p. m.
12-13-tf _
Good fishing at East Lake
12-l-tf _
We are headquarters in California
wines, such as sherry, port and clarets.
We canot be excelled In quality and
prices on Imported and domestic liquors
of any kind. Give us a trial and be con
vinced. -' M. & A. WISE,
i Cor. Morris ave. and Twentieth street.
The Engineering Magazine.
Three important leading articles of
very timely interest are presented in the
January number of the Engineering
Magazine. The first is entitled, "Repre
sentative Money and Gold Exportations,”
by Horace White, in which he shows that
exportations of gold must Inevitably fol
low an excessive issue of paper money,
such as our silver certificates, green
backs, etc. The conclusion drawn is that
the only permanent remedy for existing
financial difficulties is to retire the green
backs and treasury notes, which are used
to drain the gold reserve. The second ar
ticle, entitled, "The Cripple Creek Gold
Mines and Stock Boom,” by T. A. Rick
ard, a distinguished mining engineer,
gives an expert and conservative review
of the Colorado situation. "The Future
of the American Iron Trade,” by James
M. Swank, is a very comprehensive re
view of the present outlook in that Impor
tant branch of industry, in the light of
fact and history.
An article entitled, “Are We Educating
Too Many Electricians?” by Henry Floy,
shows that the electrical Industries are
already considerably overcrowded as
compared with other branches of applied
science. Additional leading articles are
given, under the titles: "Are American
Railway Rates Too High?” by H. T.
Newcomb; “An Engineer's Life in the
Tropics." by C. P. Yeatman; "The Value
of Good Architecture in Cities," by Barr
Ferree; "The Piece-Rate System and
Shop Management,” by F. W. Taylor;
"The Law of Water and Modern Irriga
tion," by R. J. Hinton, and "The Location
and Construction of Dams,” by J. B.
This number of the magazine demon
strates the increasing number of essen
tially industrial subjects which claim the
most widespread general Interest. The
Enginering Magazine, Times Building,
New York.
Political Science Quarterly.
The December number of the Political
Science Quarterly closes the tenth vol
ume of that publication, and accordingly
the editors present "A Retrospect,” re
viewing briefly the main features In the
work of the ten years. Of the regular
leading articles the first, by A. D. Noyes,
is an elaborate account of the origin and'
results of “The Treasury Reserve and the
Bond-Syndicate Contract;" Prof. W. F.
Wilcox of Cornell presents statistics that
Indicate a “Decrease in Interstate Migra
tion,” Mr. Edward Porrltt recounts the
history of “Liquor Legislation in En
gland,” Prof. W. Z. Ripley offers a plea
for “Geography as a Sociological Study,”
Prof. Richard Hudson explains the con
stitutional relation of "The German Em
peror and the Federal Council,” and Prof.
Munroe Smih contributes the first part
of a study of "Four German Jurists.” In
the department of reviews over twenty
recent publications arc noticed, and the
number ends with Prof. W. A. Dunning’s
"Record of Political Events.” (Ginn &
Co., publishers, Boston, New York and
Ihe Third World.
The following editorial paragraph from
a recent number of the Atlanta Consti
stitution, was written by Wallace P.
Reed, of whom John Temple Graves
wrote: “His Is the most eloquent of
southern pens since Henry Grady’s rest
"In all the long list of holiday novels
there is not one which excels in thrilling
interest, and which equals in the fasci
nation of its style, “The Third World,"
Mr. Henry Clay Fairman’s wonderful ro
mance. which has just been issued in
book form. It will delight thousands of
McClure’s Magazine.
McClure’s Magazine for January
is a very handsome number and
is replete with interesting articles by
well-known writers. Its contents include
the following: Frontispiece, "Abraham
Lincoln in 1861; Lincoln as a Storekeeper
and as a Soldier in the Black Hawk
War,” by Ida M. Tarbell; "Eugene Field
and His Child Friends,” by Cleveland
Moffett; "Poems of Childhood,” by Eu
gene Field; “A Century of Painting," by
Will II. Low; “The Defeat of Blaine for
the Presidency,” by Murat Halstead;
"The New Statue of William Henry Har
rison,” by Frank B. Gessner; "The Si
lent Witness'” a story, by Herbert D.
Wood; "The Sun’s Light," by Sir Robert
Ball; "Chapters From a Life,” by Eliza
beth Stuart Phelps; "The Wager of the
Marquis de Merosallles,” a Zenda story,
by Anthony Hope, and Miss Tarbell's
“Life of Lincoln.”
A Uniquo Mid-Winter Magazine.
The New Year’s Ladies Home Journal
brings abundant assurance that it has
inaugurated the red-letter year of its ex
istence—that it will be better in 1896 than
ever before. The best known and most
popular contemporaneous writers and
artists are represented in their best
achievements. On the color page is re
produced Albert Lynch's famous paint
ing, "The God-mother,” in half-tone,
showing the great work of the modern
master In exquisite perfection of artistic
detail. Mary Anderson de Navarro con
tinues the interesting reminiscence of her
"Early Days on the Stage," recounting
her trials, disappointments and ultimate
triumphs. Ex-President Harrison’s pa
per in his "This Country of Ours” series
explains succinctly and lucidly the fed
eral constitution, tells of its adoption
and amendments and defines its scope
and limitations. Edna Lyall, author of
"Donovan," "We Two," etc., contributes
an Instructive .paper in which she re
cords her "Early Literary Influences"
and her first and subsequent successes
as a novelist. Frank R. Stockton’s "The
■Widow's Yarn” Is a delightfully droll
story told in Its author's inimitable way,
and Jerome K. Jerome’s "Blase Billy,”
the first of his “Stories of the Town" se
ries, written for the Journal, is in the au
thor's characteristic and most delightful
vein. Mary E. Wilkins’ “Little Marg’ret
Snell,” second of “Neighborhood Types”
sketches, is a uniquely refreshing bit of
pen portraiture, quite equal to her first
paper, which was given in the December
Journal. Edith M. Thomas, the poetess,
contributes a poetic study in natural his
tory—notes of winter—under the caption
of “A Watch in the Night ot the Year.”
Rudyard Kipling's powerful short story,
"William, the Conqueror,” reaches a
splendid climax and its conclusion in the
January Journal, and Julia Magruder's
romance, “The Violet,” continues, in
creasing in its fascinating, absorbing in
terest. Edward W. Rok editorially talks
with young men. answering a number of
inquiries submitted to him upon business
and social topics. Rev. Charles H. Park
hurst, D. D., writes forcibly and enter
talnly upon upon "Memories of Our
Childhood Homes,” and announces that
he will henceforth address himself to
young men in a series of papers. Other
contributors cover the field of fashions,
discuss matters of etiquette, the baby,
fortune-telling as an amusement nnd va
rious topics of home Interest. The de
partments are bright, attractive, instruc
tive and complete. Drawings by W. L.
Taylor, Charles Dana Gibson, William
Martin Johnson, Alice Barber Stephens,
Elizabeth S. Green and Abbey E. Under
wood are among the strong artistic feat
ures of the January Journal, which is
exceptionally bright, fresh and Interest
ing in literature and Illustrations, and
which carries with it the explanation of
its universal popularity. By the Curtis
Publishing company, Philadelphia; $1
per year.
Black Belt Politics.
The surrender of the state to the popu
lite-republican fusionists would be ca
lamitous to every section of Alabama.
However well intentioned the respectable
element of this fusion, the ex
tremists, the Bowmans and Crowes
would be in control, backed by
an irresponsible and uncaring fol
lowing. But the black belt w'ould feel
their heavy hand above all others; prop
erty values and vested interests, and the
very foundations of civilization would be
shaken to the center; the shot-gun would
be the only peace officer, and security for
life and property would have to be main
tained by bloodshed.
Under these circumstances and with
this prospect, the white democracy of
the black belt have no patience with
democratic journals and leaders who are
Insisting on divisions on currency lines or
attempt to make eligibility to office un
conditional approval of all the policies of
Mr. Cleveland. If all the democrats who
honestly believe that free coinage is best
for the people are to.be ostracized or de
nied any participation in the honors and
rewards of the party; if no democrat can
l>e IlUflllllalCU VVI1U U tiers UWI. S auvj rv case
of Mr. Cleveland’s theories; if the free
coinage democrats are only good enough
to vote, then are we in imminent peril
of the return of the days of 1868-1870,
when negro judges and sheriffs and tax
assessors and collectors were common
in the black belt. A democrat, a man
who lived and labored and struggled
years of his life to redeem the black belt
—a man who has never faltered in devo
tion to his party and people, becomes a
candidate for the democratic nomination
for governor, thereupon the Advertiser
and the Register, simply because he does
not agree with Mr. Cleveland’s financial
views, declare that he must be defeated:
that a "sound money" candidate shall
be forthcoming and this issue is raised
and pressed to the hilt whether it di
vides and demoralizes and destroys our
party or not. They do not question his
ability, or integrity, or long continued
and faithful service, but because he does
not happen to agree with a gentleman
from New York, the peace and safety of
our party and of the white women and
children of the black belt are to be im
The decree Is to go forth that none ex
cept "sound money men” are to be nomi
nated to office. Are the scars received
in defense of one’s country to count for
nothing? Are these champ'ons of "sound
money,” who never smelled gunpowder,
to drive scarred and veteran democrats
Into retirement? Are men who ques
tioned and denounced "the boys in the
trenches” for saving their people from
negro domination now to be followed?
Is this Wall street horse to be introduced
into our camp? Are sound money demo
crats only desired as voters? Governor
Seay and Governor Jones and Governor
Oates, all "sound money” democrats were
cheerfully supported by the great body
of the democratic voters, but the first
time a man who comes up on the other
side, he is to be prorAptly crucified, and
harmony is to be secured by ostracising
every democrat who believes In free coin
age. The black belt democracy will put
their braid of condemnation upon such
intolerance and such leadership. It will
stand together as one man for the party
that has stood by them in the past and
will not permit these modern leaders,
who have no smell of gunpowder on them
to divide their ranks.—Selma Times.
Blank Books “ready-made”
and “made to order.” Rob
erts & Son, 1809 2d avenue
Discontinuance of Passenger Train Berv ice
Southern Railway trains Nos. 11 and
12, leaving Birmingham 12:15 a. m., and
leaving Atlanta 11:30 p. m., will be dis
continued December 31. Last No. 12 will
leave Birmingham 12:15 night of Decem
ber 31 and last No. 11 leave Atlanta night
of December 30. L. A. SHIPMAN.
12-27-4t Traveling Passenger Agent.
Office Stationery, Fens, Inks,
Pencils, etc. Roberts & Son,
1809 2d avenue. 12-22 8t

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