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BIRMINGHAM STATE HERALD.
VOLUME 22' BIRMINGHAM, ALA., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1895. NUMBER 44. POPS HOLDJHE BALANCE Will Use Their Power Accord ingly, Said Mr. Allen. HE CAUSED MUCH LAUGHTER The Senate Decided by a Small Majority to Reorganize. THE QUESTION WAS WARMLY DEBATED Mr. Lodge Spoke on the Venezuelan Ques tion and Pointed. Out the Fact That We Are Not the Aggressors in the Dispute. Washington, Dec. 30.—Among the pa pers presented and referred were resolu tions of the Lincoln post of the Grand Army of the Republic of Topeka, Kas., "tendering their services," as Mr. Peffer phrased it, "in case we should have any trouble with our neighbors on the other side of the Atlantic." They were refer red to the committee on foreign relations. Mr. Voorhees presented a communica tion from the charge d'affaires of the Ar gentine republic (now in charge of the le gation, in the absence of the minister) on the subject of commercial relations be tween that country and the United States, and asked that it be referred to the committee on finance. Mr. lloar called attention to the rules of the senatq, which provided that no tition, memorial or other paper, signed by citizens or subjects of a foreign power, shall be received by the senate except through transmission by the state de partment. After a colloquy on this point and a ruling by the vice-president that the paper could not be received, the matter was allowed to lie over for the present. The house bill as to bonds was laid be fore the senate, read twice and referred to the finance committee. Mr. Mitchell of Oregon gave notice that he would, at the conclusion of remarks to be made today by Mr. Lodge, ask the senate to proceed to the selection of com mittees; also that he would afterwards ask the senate to take from the table his proposition to impose a duty on wool, for the purpose of enabling him to make some remarks thereon. The resolution heretofore offered by Mr. Quay, calling on the secretary of the navy for information as to whether it would be advantageous to the naval ser vice to contract for six new battle ships, Instead of two, was taken up and agreed to. ' v Mr. Lodge addressed the senate on the subject. He said he had intended not to do so until the joint resolution intro duced by him relative to the declara tion made by Mr. Monroe in his message of December, 1823, had received the con sideration of the committee on foreign re lations, but since then the president had sent in his message on the Venezuelan difficulty, and congress, without a dis senting vote, had authorized the com mission which the president requested. This action had led to much wild talk and cries from those who believe we should never do anything but clash, with Eng land’s interests. This outcry, coupled with London’s attempt to frighten con gress by producing a stock panic, had tended to confuse the Issue. He, there fore, thought a little cool legislation would not be out of place. Two cardinal principles, he said, had always governed the United States In their relations with foreign nations. The first was Washington’s neutrality doc trine as laid down in the farewell ad dress. The second was the Monroe doc trine, the history of which he traced in detail. The only attempt heretofore made by outside powers to break through that doctrine was the Joint in tervention of England. France and Spain in Mexico In 1861. A second case has now arisen and the maintenance of the Monroe doctrine is again threatened, as it was by the French in 1862. This sec ond attack upon the principles of the Monroe doctrine comes from Great Brit ain and is made under cover of a bound ary dispute with Venezuela. In order to show the importance of this contro versy, which had now reached a crisis, affecting the gravity, the honor, the In terests, the rights and the well settled policy of the United States, he sketched "briefly,” as he said, with elaborate de tails, the story of the dispute between Great Britain and Venezuela and of the negotiations between the two countries. He conunueo: 'It will be observed from this brief outline of the dispute that no new rights have come to England or to Venezuela sinoe 1814, that is, since the declaration of President Monroe. They have the rights of Spain and Holland, respectively, noth ing more and nothing less, and are en titled to’ exactly what these inherited rights give them. In 1886 a British min ister alleged that Point Barlma belonged to Venezuela by asking the Venezuelan government to erect a light house there. In 1840 a British court in Demarara de clared the territory of the Morocco, far to the east of the Orinoco, to be Venezue lan territory. In 1841 an English en gineer laid out a perfectly arbitrary line running from the mouth of the Orinoco in a southerly direction until it reached the southern boundary of British Guiana. Lord Aberdeen disavowed this line and proposed another, starting at the river Morocco and going further Into the in terior. Lord Granville proposed another reaching further to the west. Lord Rose bery proposed another inside the Schom burgk line, but coupled with the free navigation of the Orinoco. In 1893 he proposed a second line and meantime Lord Salisbury had extended the British claim while he was secretary for foreign affairs. Every British minister has of fered a different l|ne with which Great Britain would not consent to'arbitrate, and every British minister has gone be yond his predecessors in making fresh claims to territory beyond the line which he offered, about which he would arbi trate. At first sight this seems to de note Inconsistency on the part of the British government, but in reality their course has been just the reverse. There is apparently just as much support for one line as another when they pass beyond the valley of the Essequibo. From Schomburgk down every line was entire ly arbitrary, and the constantly growing claims beyond the various lines offered was In entire keeping with the policy of the British government. Their object was to get as much new territory as they could, if the matter ever came to a set tlement, which they have used every artifice to delay.” Asserting his belief that Great Britain had no claim to a foot of land beyond the Essequibo, Mr. Lodge laid down the principle that if England, with' no au thority but a disputed claim, seizes ter ritory and declines arbitration upon it, her action does not differ from seizing and holding new territory in the Ameri cas by the right of conquest. The seiz ure of this South American territory by England, he asserted, was an absolute violation of the Monroe doctrine. At the last session of congress, said Mr. Lodge, I called the attention of the senate and of the country to the manner in which England had absorbed the islands of the Pacific and to the1 necessi ty of our controlling the Hawaiian islands—a necessity which now becomes more impressive each day. I ask you to note the strong naval station which England has established at St. Lucia. Follow a line thence westward and you find Trinidad, the development of which has been strongly pushed of late years; then Jamaica, and finally British Hon duras. That line faces the South Ameri can coast. This territory claimed from Venezuela Is being pushed steadily to the westward along that coast, and the point at which it arms' is the control of the mouth of the Orinoco, one of the great river systems of South America. The purpose of all these movements is writ ten plainly on the map. If successful they will give Great Britain control of the Spanish main and make the Carib bean sea little better than a British lake. He concluded as follows: “W- have seen the British forces at Corlnto. We know the attitude they assume in Vene zuela. They are attempting to take land on the Alaskan boundary. They have just denounced the modus vivendi and reopened in that way the perilous dis pute of the northeastern fisheries. It is not by accident that these events have all occurred or all come to an acute stage wiiuiu nit: past year. i ney me iiui uuc to us, for we have committed no aggres sion upon anybody. Of all these difficul ties which are now upon us the most im mediate is that involved in the dispute with Venezuela. They tell us that this territory is remote and worthless. It is remote, perhaps, hut it is not worthless, for If it had been the Venezuelan posses sion of it would not have been dis turbed. But it matters not whether it is worthless or valuable. The tea tax was trivial, but our forefathers refused to pay it because it Involved a great prin ciple, and the attempt to collect it cost Great Britain her North American colo nies. The American people believe just as firmly in the principles of the Monroe doctrine. We have pointed out that we are not the aggressors in the dispute, whether in Alaska or Venezuela. “What then has strained our relations? The peremptory refusal to arbitrate this question of. boundary. Who gave that refusal? Groat Britain. We have ap pointed a commission, not to arbitrate between Great Britain and Venezuela, but to Inform us. after careful investiga tion, what the true divisional line, in their opinion, should be. Who has drawn an arbitrary line of boundary and de clared that they should not arbitrate to the east of it? Not the United States, but Great Britain. Ultimatums are what strain relations, and they have come from Great Britain, and not the United States. I believe that this question will be peacefully settled by the representa tives of the United States and Great Britain, but It is very clear that such settlement can only be reached by such action on the part of congress and the president which shall be as temperate as it shall be firm, and which shall maintain the Monroe doctrine wherever it justly applies. That doctrine is as important to us as the balance of power is to Eu rope, and those who maintain the latter must not attempt to break down the principles which guard the integrity of the Americans and protect them from the interference of foreign powers." In the course of Mr. Lodge's historical review of the Venezuelan boundary ques tion he was asked by Mr. Hill whether Venezuela had ever at any time refused arbitration. “Never,” Mr. Lodge replied. "I refer to that,” Mr. Hill explained, “on account of a published interview with Mr. Lincoln in a Chicago newspa per in which it was stated that Vene zuela had refused arbitration.” “I never met,” Mr. Lodge said, "with any instance In which Venezuela refused arbitration. So far as I am aware she has sought arbitration constantly. She has rejected one or two of the compro mises offered by Great Britain. She re jected them because Great Britain in sisted on the free navigation of the Orinoco. I do not think that Venezuela has ever rejected arbitration. On the contrary she has always sought It.” At another point in the narrative Mr. Lodge was asked by Mr. Chandler whether he had discovered any trace of the Indians with whom treaties had been said to have been made. "I have not,” Mr. Lodge replied. “They must be concealed in the British ‘case.’ ” At the close of Mr. Lodge’s speech the correspondence on the subject of the vice consulates at Erzeroum and Kharpoot was laid before the senate and referred to the committee on foreign relations. Then Mr. Mitchell, republican, of Ore gon, offered his resolution In relation to select committees of the senate, and it was Agreed to. TMs was followed by the offering also by Mr. Mitchell of a resolution providing for the reorganization by the republicans of the standing and the select committees of the senate from and after January 1, 1896. The proposed committee membership having been read at the clerk’s desk, Mr. Gorman said that it was the univer sal custom In the senate for the party in the majority to control the committees. To that there was no objection. It was the proper and orderly way of conducting the business altairs of the senate; but owing to the fact that it was well known prior to the assembling of this congress that neither of the great parties, repub lican or democratic, was likely to have a clear majority in the senate, a resolu tion was adopted by the senate contin uing the old committees until otherwise ordered by the senate. "We are per fectly aware.” Mr. Gorman cpntlnued, "that the democrats are in a minority in this body. We have not a*clear majority of all the senators elected. We do not know as yet that the republicans have a clear majority. That can only be de cided by a vote on the proposition. If they have they are unquestionably enti tled to the adoption of the resolution and to the entire charge of all the prin cipal committees of this body. Then the country will understand perfectly who are to be held responsible for the conduct of the business of this body. With a view of ascertaining that fact I shall demand the yeas and nays on the adoption of this resolution." The vote was then taken, and the res olution fixing the membership of the committees was agreed to—yeas 30, nays 28. Five of the six populists reserved their votes, namely: Messrs. Allen of Nebraska. Jones and Stewart of Nevada, Butler of North Carolina and Peffer of Kansas. Senator Kyle of South Dakota voted no. Mr. Allen declared that the populist party had no affiliation with either of the old parties. The populists had realized before the meeting of this congress that there was a clear majority of the senate In favor of the free and unlimited coinage of silver, and they, had been perfectly willing to unite in bringing about the passage of a free silver measure. They had sent out invitations to the free sil ver senators, but with the exception of two or three of them they had not met with the populists, and therefore the ' populist party had resolved as a matter of policy to take no part whatever in ther organization of the senate. The popu lists felt that the republican party was —as between itself and the democratic party—in the ascendancy, and the re sponsibility for legislation should belong to the republican party in both houses as speedily as possible. The populists had felt that it was due to themselves as a party that they should take no hand whatever in the or ganization of the senate, and should re frain from voting, thus leaving the re publicans and democrats to settle the question of organization among them selves. The populist party in the senate, in the house and in the country was a dis tinct political entity, having its organiza tion tn every state and territory, and having a popular vote within 200,000 of the number which had landed Mr. Lin coln in the presidency in 1S61. The pop ulists were a distinct organization, and they proposed to maintain it in this and in the future congresses. Mr. Harris, democrat, of Tennessee, asked Mr. Allen whether the populist senators—an annex of the republican party—had not deliberately determined to allow, by their silence, a republican or ganization of the senate, and whether, therefore, the senator from Nebraska did not understand and know that the popu lists were as responsible for the result of the vote as If they had cast their votes for the resolution, instead of sitting si- i lent. Mr. Allen replied that when the popu lists came to consider the question they realized that they held the balance of power In their hands, and he added, with much emphasis, that they were going to utilize it to its fullest extent as they went along. The democratic party, he contin ued, had proved Itself absolutely incapa ble of legislation. (Laughter on the re publican side of the chamber and in the galleries). It had claimed to be in favor of tariff reform, as he himself was, but when its tariff bill came before the senate last session it proved to be loaded at both ends and in the middle for protection. (Laughter). He had no faith in the dem ocratic party, in its capacity or Its dispo sition to relieve the country—not the slightest. He wanted the responsibility for legislation to begin now. so that the pfople would see that the do-nothing poli cy of the republican party resulted in about the same thing as the policy of the democratic party. (Laughter on botji sides of the chamber). Mr. Mitchell, republican, of Oregon, re marked that the republicans were not in a majority in the senate when he offered his resolution, and were not in a majority now. The senate was composed when ••full" (the double meaning of the word in that connection excited some laughter) of eighty-eight members, but it was not "full” now (more laughter), having only eighty-seven members, there being one vacancy from Delaware. Of these eighty-seven the republicans had forty two, the democrats thirty-nine and the populists six. If that state of the case gave a majority to any political party In the senate, it would require some kind of figuring which he had no knowledge ^Mr. Butler, populist, of North Carolina, broke Into the debate and made an Im petuous speech In defense of the position taken by the populist senators. Address ing his remarks to Mr. Harris, who had asked him whether he did not hold his seat by co-operation with the republican party In his state, he said: "I hold my seat by such co-operation for the simple reason that the party to which you be long had got to be so corrupt In my state that all decent men condemned It. Your party could be today In power in North Carolina If it had stood by Its pledges and promises. The populists' had either to vote today with the democrats to or ganize the senate, or they had to vote with the republican party. They pre ferred to vote with neither, but to stand alMi\ Hale remarked that the republi cans in the senate werd In the plurality, but had no power of carrying any meas ure by their own votes alone. He referred to the vote on Mr, Mitchell s resolut on and said that If the populists h0d voted with the democrats (only one of t hem,Mr. Jvyle, having done so) the result would have been 30 yeas and 33 nays, and the republican programme would have tum bled to pieces. The same thing that had occurred today would occur again and again—the populist senators having the balance o*.’ power. All discussion, there fore, as to whether the responsibility for legislation lay with the republican party was outside of the domain of discussion and was in the domain of the concrete. ^ "The concrete of the whole matter, Mr Vest broke In, “Is that the populists remained silent and allowed the republl cans to take charge of the committees, because the finance committee, as now constituted, has a majority of one of all ver coinage men. _. "It has been stated that that commit tee consists of Bix republicans six demo crats and one populist, but the senator from Colorado (Mr. Wolcott) was put upon It by the republicans with the un derstanding that that would give a ma jority of silver coinage men to that com mittee. That Is the concrete in this whole business, and without that ar rangement we never would have seen our populist friends as dumb as oysters when this thing was carried through. Mr Allison remarked that the com plexion of the finance committee had not been changed from what It was at the last congress; its number only had been Increased. No matter what we may say here It Is known that that committee was and is In favor of free coinage of sil ver and It is also known that no organ. zation of this senate could have been made without practically that being so, and therefore It Is that we are dealing here today with “leather and prunella as respects the whole question. . "It Is well known,' Mr. Allison added, “that a majority of that committee as organized would be In favor of the free coinage of silver, every democrat on It being understood to be In Its favor, so that as respects the selection of Mr. \\ ol cott or as respects the selection of the new democratic member of the commit tee we do not deceive each other.” Mr Gorman Confessed his amazement at tT»e distinguished senator from Iowa proclaiming to the country (after he and his party friends had shown so much anxiety to get control of the committees) that they had no power to carry out the decrees of their party. “Senators of the other side,” Mr. Gorman declared with much emphasis, “are responsible from this time henceforth for the legislation of both branches of congress. You came here (apostrophizing the republicans) knowing that you had not a clear major ity in the senate, and we had made pro vision last session for that condition of affairs. We made that provision on the most liberal terms as between the two parties on lines which would have se cured for the committee the considera tion of measures by the best thought of both sides of the chamber and without reference to the third party. After all, Mr. President, the country will hold ei ther the republicans or the democrats re sponsible for the government for the next two years. It. Is divided responsi bility. You are In a large majority In the other house, and there is in the exec utive chair a gentleman who was elected as a democrat. (And caustic allusion to the president provoked some laughter.) And therefore it was suggested in the last congress that we would co-operate" here In the senate. But the desire of power, the anxiety to control committees, (Continued on Fifth Page.) NATIONAL ML GOSSIP The Treasury-Gold Reserve Is Gradually Sinking. THE TEXAS IS A FAILURE Secretary Herbert Will Not Discuss the Naval Board’s Report. RUSSIA IS ACCUMULATING GOLD “Her Object is to Go on a Oold Basis,” Says the American Consul—A Supposed Swindling Scheme Has Come to Light. Washington, Dec. 30.—At the close of business today the treasury gold reserve stood at $62,195,151. The withdrawals of gold at New York today for "domestic purposes” was $652,000. The report of the naval board of in spection on the result of its trip in the battleship Texas last week was received at the navy department today and it is said that it indicates that the Texas has ■rtpt proved herself to be a superior vessel. Secretary Herbert declinedWoday to say anything about the contents of the re port, but he will probably give out a statement on the subject. It is known, however, that the report has made changes. In firing the turrent guns the hydraulic gear for moving turrets was so badly constructed that in one instance it took two hours to discharge the gun. The bottom of the ship was also consid erably shaky. It was said at the depart ment today that it was not unlikely lhat the Texas would be placed out of com mand and extensive repairs made. The senate today confirmed the nomi nations of Robert S. Chilton, Jr., of the District of Columbia to be chief of the consular bureau of the department of state and the folowing postmasters: Florida—A. Hewitt Hill, Eust'.s. Texas—John F. Anderson, Lockhart. John Karel, United States consul-gen eral at St. Petersburg, has made a report to the state department, which has some interest in connection with the utterly unsupported rumors about Russia hav ing recently tendered gold to the United States. After giving the values of Rus sian gold currency under a recent ad justment of the Imperial bank, Mr. Karel concludes his communication with this paragraph: "I understand that the object of the minister of finance of the Russian em pire is to accumulate in the Imperial vaults as much gold as possible, with a view to establishing J:i the future Rus s'an finances on a gold basis.” A supposed swindling scheme of a new e Jer has come to light. A man calling himself John McDonald of Waynesboro, N. C., during last November sent to the director of the mint here a sample of gold ore, upon which the export charges were 40 cents. Director Preston refused to receive the ore. The next thing heard of the matter was the receipt by Director Preston of a letter from McDonald, stat ing that the ore had been assayed by the Charlotte, N. C., assay office, and that the ore had been sent to a New York par ty, who had sent him a check for $220, drawn on a blank of the Chambers National bank of New York and signed by John L. D. Roame, United States treasurer. McDonald enclosed this check to Director Preston, and stated that the Waynesboro bank had declined to cash It. McDonald says he suspects the check is a forgery, and if it is, he will prose cute the party. Of course, there is no such person as “John L. D. Roame, Unit ed States treasurer,” and there is no such bank now in existence as the Chambers National bank. On the left hand side of the check is the name, “Froman Broth €TS. The president today sent to the senate the following nominations: J. H. Outhwaite of Ohio, to be a mem ber of the board of ordnance and fortifi cations. Postmasters—Virginia, T. C. Hum phreys, Berkley; Louisiana, Lou S. Flour noy, Rustin. The tariff bill passed by the house promises to be a wedge that will open wide the doors of debate in the senate. Already there are mutterlngs among the senators whose constituents have been neglected In the house, and It will be a wonder if the whole tariff question is not opened up In the senate. The amend ments already offered by Senators Bur rows and Quay show that those tariff experts believe the scheme of the house too narrow. Mr. Mitchell of Oregon Is ready to offer another amendment pro viding for the re-enactment of the Mc Kinley bill wool schedule in toto. Mr. ■ Thurston of Nebraska, mindful of the interest of the beet sugar growers of his state, will offer an amendment intended to revive the sugar bounty, a proposition upon which the republicans themselves are divided and to which the democrats have declared their undying hatred. SHOT IN THE BACK. A Negro Girl Accidentally Shot and Killed Another Negro. Greenville. Ala.. IJec. 30.—Reports of another killing near'this place reached her yesterday. Investigation proved the report to be true. On Saturday night a .party of negroes were returning home from a social gathering. The men, as usual, carried pistols. Sarah Marlow, a young girl about 17. had one of the men’s pistols in her hand, fooling with it, when It was discharged, the ball entering the body of Isaiah Bolling, who was walking Just in front of her, killing him instantly. A coroner’s Inquest was held, and the girl L,was released, as it appeared to be a case i of accidental homicide. It Is rumored that a couple of negroes cut each other In a fight In the city last night. The police are on the lookout for | tlie parties. The weather Is turning very cold, with a light flurry of snow. _____ TELL THE SAME TALE. All tho Witnesses in the Dunraven Trial Corroborate Mr. Iselin. New York, Dec. 30.—The special Com mittee which is sitting as a court of in quiry on the charges made byl>rd Dun raven against the people in charge of the Defender held an all-day session at the New York Yacht club house today, and adjourned at 6 o’clock tonight with out completing their work. Nearly all the testimony is in, however, and It is expected that the Investigation will be I q’nsed after a short session tomorrow. The hearing today was behind closed ' doors, but it was learned that the examl nation of witnesses for the defense took up all of the time of the committee. The morning session began at 10:10 a. m., and lasted until 1 o’clock, when an adjournment for lunch was taken. Mr. Whitney said that he thought It would be Impossible to finish the examination of witnesses today. The witnesses exam ined today gave evidence corroborating the testimony of Messrs. Iselin, Here shoft and Haff, which was taken last week. Official Measurer H. Yslop told about the first measurements on Septem ber 8. He also told how closely the two measurements of the Defender agreed, and said that in his opinion It was ab solutely Impossible to make such a change In ballast as was charged without discovery by himself and a score of oth ers who were about the two yachts. Cap tain Taylor, who was in charge of the Hattie Palmer, was an important wit ness. Rord Dunraven charged, it will be remembered, that the additional ballast was taken from the Hattie Palmer and placed in the hold of the Defender on the night of September 6 while the yacht and her tender lay at anchor In the Horseshoe, and that the lead was re moved on the following night off Bay Ridge. Captain Taylor flatly denied 4v ery one of Dunraven's charges. He said that no lead was taken from his boat to the Defender on the night of the 6th; that he did not at any time have a quantity of lead aboard sufficient to sink the Defender 4 Inches deeper in the water; that no lead was. removed from the Defender to the Hattie Palmer on the night of the first race; that his boat did not lay alongside of the Defender off Bay Ridge that night at all. Captain Terry, who assisted Captain Haff in sailing the Defender, told sub stantially the same story of denial of the charges. Mates Berry and Conant, Quartermas ters Staples and Barbour, Riggers Byne, Billman, O'Neill and Francis and all the members of the crew who were brought on from Deer Island, Me., gave substan tially the same testimony. Adjourned till 10 o'clock tomorrow. CONFESSED WHILE DRUN K. Two Alabama Men, Under Indictment for the Murder of a Mail Carrier, Captured in Texas, Evergreen, Dec. 30.—(Special.)—Sheriff R. F. Irwin and his deputy, Mr. John R. McCreary, arrived here this afternoon from Cameron, Tex., with Jeff and Fate Salter, who are under indictment here for the murder of Silas Hobley, the ne gro mail carrier, near Bellville, last Au gust. It is said that these defendants, while on a drunk in Texas, confessed to some parties out there that they were the perpetrators of this atrocious mur der, which confession led to their arrest. Jeff Salter protests that he is innocent, but Fate refuses to talk. Immediately after their arrival here the sheriff placed them in Jail, where they will doubtless remain until the circuit court meets next spring, as neither of them will be able to give the necessary, appearance bond. If either of them are convicted of this murder the United States will pay a re ward of $500 to the parties who captured them in Texas. A BIRMINGHAM DELEGATION Waited oa Governor Oat»- <n the Interest of Mr. W. W. Crawford. Montgomery, Dec. 30.—(Special.)—A dozen gentlemen from Birmingham came down tonight and conferred with the governor In the interest of the appoint ment of Mr. W. W. Crawford as chair man of the Birmingham police commis sion. Governor Oates listened to them attentively, but failed to commit himself in any way. A party of Mr. Mudd’s friends are expected to come down in the morning In his interest. There are rumors today of a dark horse, every pop ular Birmingham lawyer being men tioned for the place. A Sensation May Develop. New Orleans, Dec. 30.—Henry Bier, the capitalist, who was convicted of perjury in connection with the sale of the street railway franchises, and who Is now in the parish prison awaiting sentence, was taken before the grand Jury at 11:30 to day, and was examined as a witness until 1:40 p. m., when he was taken back to prison. It is hinted that the Inducements which prompted Bier to make his con fession to the preceding grand Jury are being Inquired Into, and It Is probable that something sensational may develop in a few days. A Diamond Robber Captured. Jackson, Miss., Dec. 30.—City Marshal Ewing leaves tonight with requisition on the governor of Kentucky for William Connors, alias J. J. Williams, who has been wanted here since last February for a $10,000 diamond robbery. He was caught this morning at Louisville by Detective Vallins of the Pinkerton force, who has been after him a year, and who captured his pal, John McGowen, at Memphis soon after the robbery. Mc Gowen is now In the Mississippi peniten tiary. The goods have never been re covered. Eight Murderous Negroes Captured. Jackson, Miss., Dec. 30.—The Jackson police did an excellent piece of work last night. Though the rain, sleet and snow came down in torrents, they captured the gang of negroes who made the mur derous assault on Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Smith Saturday night, and by morning had eight young buck negroes in Jail. Some of them confess the crime and im plicate the others. Mr. Smith, whose skull was cracked and throat cut from ear to ear, can hardly recover. His wife is not seriously Injured._ The President Indorsed. Rochester, N. Y., Dec. 30.—The Assem bly Herald, an official organ of the benev olent and missionary work of the Pres byterian church, strongly supports the course of the president and of congress In regard to the Venezuelan Issue, claim ing that steadfast maintenance of the American position In the present emer gency is the best security for the pres ent and future peace of our country. Dr. Thomas 8. Powell Dead. Atlanta, Dec. 30.—Dr. Thomas S. Powell, one of the oldest physicians in Atlanta, died today. He was born In Vir ginia seventy years ago, and moved to Georgia when a young man, coming to Atlanta in 1858. He organized the South ern Medical college, and was president until his death. He will be buried at Sparta, Ga., tomorrow. The Exposition Closes Today. Atlanta, Dec. 30.—The exposition closes tomorrow. Today the weather was very disagreeable, but the attendance was large. An international folk lore con gress was held at the woman’s building. Will Allen Dromgoole read a very enter taining paper on the folk lore of the Ten nessee rooms tf? Inters._ Bond Rumors. New York, Dec. 30.—The usual rumors about the bond issue were current again today, but It was impossible to obtain anything of official character. The street now thinks the president may ask foe subscriptions for $100,000,000 4 per cents after 3 o'clock tomorrow. THERE IS J VACANCY Appticants for the Jefferson — County Solicitorship RECEIVE DECIDED SETBACK v V - The Orient of Somebody Has Thrown a Bomb Into the Ranks. '// _ > f CITOR LITTLE CANNOT RESIGN I — He Cannot Legally Move From th9 County and Cannot Be Impeached, So He Must Serve His Term Out Un less Death Intervenes. Montgomery, Dec. 30.—(Special.)—The opponents of somebody threw a bomb into the ranks of.the several applicants for the Jefferson county sollcitorship yesterday by direcling the attention of the governor to the fact that there was no vacancy in the office. The resigna tion of the solicitor was not tendered un til after the disease with which he is af flicted had attacked his brain and had rendered him, under the law, incompe tent to resign or perform any voluntary act. It is stated that the resignation, was written by the solicitor's wife and signed for him by her. As soon as the matter was considered it became evident to the governor and the attorney-general that there was no legal vacancy, and tha appointment of another solicitor has therefore been virtually, postponed in definitely. The Alabama law prescribes no meth od of relieving the situation. Death, re moval from the county and Impeachment alone appear to vacate the office. The first and last alternatives are not pre sented. The second is not available either, for the reason that change of resi dence is presumed to be purely a volun tary thing, and the solicitor in his pres ent condition is regarded to be incompe tent to exercise volition. It is stated that the governor will re turn the letters and recommendations to the different applicants and permit them all to take a fresh start when the vacan cy occurs, If it does occur. None of the candidates are in the city and therefor^ none of them have been sounded in the matter. The governor announced tonight defi nitely that he regarded that there was no vacancy in the Jeffefson sollcitorship, and he would, therefore, return all let ters and testimonials. After Black Belt Farm Hands. Labor agents are distributing circulars throughout this section of Alabama, ad vertising for 200 families of negroes to w>ork on the cotton and sugar farms of Texas. The circular makes good prom ises and relates what other colored farm ers have done in the Lone Star state. While there is little probability that any considerable number of Alabama negroes can be inveigled west of the Mississippi, on account of the recent experience of the band which emigrated to Mexico, the generous promises of labor agents tend to demoralize the farm labor, and the farmers about here are not disposed to look with any sort of favor on the inter ference of the agents. The legislature four years ago passed a law prohibiting labor agents from coming into this state and interfering with farm hands, but the supreme court pronounced the law to be unconstitutional, and no further attempt has been made to enforce its provisions Alabama Will Welcome Them. '< State Superintendent of Education John O. Turner, Professor Phillips, su perintendent of the public schools of Birmingham, and Prof. J. B. Cunning ham of Birmingham left yesterday for Hot Springs, Ark., where the annual meeting of the Southern Educational as sociation will be held, commencing to day. These gentlemen propose to make a very earnest effort to bring the next meeting of the association to Alabama— either to Birmingham or to Montgomery. Celebrating Their Freedom. The thirty-third annual emancipation proclamation celebration will be held in this city on January 1 with great demon strations. The churoh exercises #ill be held at the Old Ship of Zion, and are in tended to be most impressive. Negro bands, military companies, various socie ties, etc., will parade. The negroes are looking forward to the occasion with un usual interest. Mayor uuaby improving. Mayor J. H. Cllsby, who has been 111 for more than two months with compli cations of Inflammatory rheumatism, and whose recovery has several times been almost despaired of, Is now greatly Im proved, and his friends hope for his early and entire return to good health. Journal Predictions. The Journal prints this afternoon the two following editorial squibs: ‘•The Oates-Johnston campaign will be as a zephyr in bitterness and personali ties compared to the Johnston-Clarkc campaign, when It fairly opens. The one serious question to be Involved is. Is the democratic party strong enough to stand such a campaign? If the postofflces at Mobile and Montgomery Insist upon It, the challenge will be accepted, and the responsibility will be upon them.” “ 'Mild as a cooing dove' is the State Herald now. But what if the Montgom ery postofflee succeeds in getting Clarke out for governor against Its towns-nan, prompted by mere personal spite and re venge? Will the State Herald continue to plead for harmony? Will it don its war paint and become as the «y ’ ing lion?” Young Kemp Is Recovering. Joe Kemp, the young man who at tempted to commit suicide by shooting himself at the home of Mr. Cole, on South Lawrence street, Is now in a fair way of recovery. It has developed that instead of having shot himself in the head, he shot himself in the race, the ball ranging downward. It was cut out yesterday on the right side of the nose, and the young man is expected soon to be out, with no other damage than a seriously disfigured face. In the Interest of Mr. McQueen. Messrs. J. H. Montgomery, ,T. E. White, Felix E. Blackburn and M. Witherspoon of Birmingham were in the city today ln| the interest of Mr. McQueen’s candidacy. Yule Glee Club Entertained. Tha members of the Yale Glee c)utJ gave their performance here tonight to ai packed house. The entertainment wag greatly enjoyed. At its conclusion tha entertainers were given a delightful re ception in the Bon voir club's beautiful rooms.___ Issued Clearing House Certificates. Boston, Mass.. Dec. 30.—Clearing house certificates amounting to a little mors fpati *150. dJO were Issued today to two ;■ y.tal) banks.