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BIRMINGHAM STATE HERALD.
VOLUME 23_, . BIRMINGHAM, ALA., FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1897. NUMBER lb9~ THE CONTINGENT EXPENSES Committee Reports on Tillman’s Resolution on Speculation. NO INVESTIGATION ASKED And the Committee Recommended That None Be Ordered, IT WAS ONLY A NEWSPAPER STORY Without Personal Knowledge Enough to Sustain It, They Say—Monstrous to Investigate Every Charge. In the House. Washington, July 22.—Senator Jones, of Nevada, chairman of the committee on contingent expenses today submitted to the senate the report of that committee on the resolution introduced by Senator Tillman for an Investigation of the charges of speculating In sugar stocks, etc. The report takes a strong posi tion against ordering the investigation and is a very exhaustive review of the procedure of the senate in the past In such matters. The report takes the position that aside from the names of the newspaper men only the name of Senator Smith is men tioned making the demand basis. The contention is made that ’‘the newspaper men do not count, as they do not profess to write from knowledge and usually if not nearly always refuse to disclose the source of their information.” With reference to Senator Smith, the report says: "Here is a newspaper re port male ; g ilnst a sen t )r of th United States without any averment of personal knowledge on the part of the writer and without the slightest particle of knowl edge to sustain it, not even as much as would warrant a justice of the peace to Summon witnesses to demand the truth of a complaint of one citizen against an other with reference to the most trifling Incident of every day life. It is the bold and naked assertion of a man who does not pr fe s r prtlend ;o have any know - edge whatever of the alleged fact of which he writes On the other hand we have a definite, explicit and absolute denial of the charge from the senator af fected—a denial publicly made from his place In th senate u, o 1 the res. onsibilit/ of his position as a senator of the United States.” As to the clause of the resolution which charges that "brokers in New York knew in advance as to what the finance committee would report on the sugar schedule," the committee say that aside from the newspaper clippings pre sented In the inquiry, "nothing but in sinuations, guesses and Inferences drawn by correspondents from hearsay state ments, and the hearsay sometimes sev eral degrees removed. Their expres sions show the flimsiest of foundations on which they have erected the story of scandal." ‘pne of th? stories of the correspondent la characterized as "a deliberate, unfair and unvenomed determination to, If pos sible, bring upon the sub-committee, of the finance committee the contempt of the country." "Whenever," the report continues, “we approach a statement that judging from the sensational holdings of the article seems about to give us definite and re sponsible Information which could be reached by an investigation we are dis appoint'd to find that Instead of affording evidence of the alleged fact the state ment consists of Insinuations, mysterl us hints and Indefinite aVu-lor.'s mad? on the authority of some person whose nam > the correspondc nt does not dp close. All th.es guesses, influences and inuendo.-s are met In thp most emphatic statements that the senator from Rhode Island. Mr. Aldrich, the chairman of the sub-com mittee. having in charge the details of the tariff bill.” In Senator Aldrich's reply he replies to Senator Jones, of Nevada, as the only omt outside of the sub-committee having knowledge of its proceedings, is quoted at length. Referring to this statement Senator Jon s makes an Individual parenthetical statement In which he says: “I am n member of the senate finance committee, and as he obeyed the summons of the committee, the Information referred to by the senator from Rhode Island was received In official capacity and that such Information was conveyed by Mr. Jont'S to no humors being in any form or manner before the presentation tof thie facts to the senate and this presentation in duo and orderly course." The report takes tbs position that the distinct statement of senator? are not to be outweighed by newspaper attacks ir, stlgh'ted by men “wiring to make state ments to rowspaper correspondents with a view to nub’ii'callon and then like as sassins who use the rtlletto In the dark, skulk behind those correspondents and refuse to permit their names to b= mad-' known even for tbe purpose of evidence.” 'It would be. the r-port continues, mon strous to so' in motion the Investigation machinery of »he senate every tlm-> such an at.back Is made upon a senator and the eommltitre cnncludss ‘Ithatt If every un fathered rumor and unsupported charge were 'to be held' sufficient ground 'to base an investigation into th? official conduct Into the people’s re presentaifives 'there is no legislative body in, the world that could' for a single day carry on :he work for which l» Is designed. Its entire nime would be given over to the work of ln v stigatlrg rumors, whispers and charges Before the InvcStlgaitlon of on? such c uld be computed Brother would have made its appearance apd when the second had be n Investigated a third would have been provided and ready which in 'turn would be succeeded by a fourth and the four'll hy the fifth There would be no end.” They say that 'th? s'rnate has on sev eral occasions withheld reference to pro posed investigations Into the conduct of Its members ‘that in order to warrant so grave' a proceeding there should be some tangible evidence, some properly supported evidence of facts from respon sible sources, and hot merely vague gen eral ph'argos of rumors.” Tiie committee says with reference to (be portion of the resolution whlc-h re fers to the inquiry of 1894 that no n w evidence has been reported and that the ptoet*d!ngs 'in the courts in 'th? nature of several contumacious witnesses do •lot show any probability of securing In formation beyond that already adduced. They call attention to the fact “hat In ■ill ilhe prosecutions growing- out of the forme* Inquiry 'there was only one eon? dlallon. the otb-rs being acquitted on the ground ebat tbe questions put to them were not pertinent. The eomnalftee conclude* that this sta tus cannait be changed by re-openJng tb? c#L*e. With reference to the proposition that inquiry be made whether the sugar trust has ''contributed to or controlled the election of a senator in this body at any time,” th. committee expresses the opin ion that the time to investigate a charge of this character will be when some evi dence "is offered to show cause for an inquiry,” and adds that upon the elec tion of a senator "hit% official and politi cal opponents are sufficiently alert In their own interests or the interest of the party to make known any ground for contest in his election. So far as the American Su*»ai Refining company may offend against the statutes of the United States let it be dealt with according to law. We are not apologists for that com pany or any o4hcr. Charges against that company or any other can never be held as ground for investigating charges against senators of this body. If charges are to be made against corporations why stop at one company, why r.ot call up the officers of all corporations and find out whether any of them have contrib uted or controlled the election of a sen ator to this body at any time. The time of examination would use up all the ses sion and there would be no time for any legislative business.” The committee goes into the question of propriety of expelling from the press gallery or sending to prison newspaper correspondents who make false charges, taking a position against both sugges tions. They say that the expulsion from the press galleries would be disprop r tioned t" the offense as the other galleries Of-lihe-senate would be open to the offend ers. It might even be, the committee adds, that the notoriety acquired by reason of such an expulsion instead of operating as a punishment would prove a source of prom tlon in his profession. Furthermore, they conclude that such punishment would have no Influence up on the newspaper proprietor- thomselvn s and that with the press associations covering tne ground it would bs impos sible to deprive the paper from securing the news. The committee supply a list of prosecutions of newspaper writers by tho s-nate beginning with tin:- case of William Guayne, of 1800, and the case "f elusion is drawn that no very heavy pen (Gontlnued on Sixth Page.) The Special Envoy Entertained Royal Guests. MRS. REID ALSO RECEIVED The Prince of Wales Present Wearing the Ribbon of the Garter- Residence Beautifully Decorated. Londdn. July 22.—WMtelaw Reid, spe cial envoy of the United States to the recent diamond jubilee festivities, gave a notable dinner this evening at his tem porary residence In Carlton House Ter race, as a return for British hospitali ties extended to him and Mrs. Reid dur ing the last six weeks. Covers were laid for forty, the table being beautifully dec orated with flowers and dressed with a profusion of handsome silverware and glassware. Ifl one of the anterooms a band dispensed music during the dinner hour. The house was beautifully dec orated with ros.s an 1 orchids. The table was spread in what Is known as the ban quetting halj on the second floor, out of which opened numerous reception rooms. The walls were hung with the tapestries, Iwhlch Mr, Reid had procured for the oc casion as the former tenant, Lord Lons dale. had solj most of the famous pic tures which once hung In this part of the ’house. Mr. Reid had also Installed elec tric lights, the rooms formerly having been Ughtfed with candles The dinner hour was 8:30 and for some time before a large crowd of spectators was gath.red in front of the house to watch the ar rivals. The Prince of Wales came in promptly at the moment arranged, wear ing fhe ribbon of the Carter with ordin ary evening dress. 'Mr. Reid received fcim In the hail, which was lined by nu merous attendants, and conducted him to the drawing room, where the company ha'd ’ already assembled. Dinner was announe rl Immediately. The Prir.ee of Wales took in Mrs. Whitelaw Reid, Mr. Reid escorting the Countess Dehym, the wife of the Austro-Hungarian ambassa dor. Among the guests were Baron De StJlljlthe-Rdssian ambassador; the Duke and Duchess of Portland, the Ear! and Countess of Londonderry, the Earl and Countess of Warwick, the Duke and Duchess Of Buecleueh, the Earl and Countess of Cork and Oreby, Sir William/ Vernon Harcourt, Hon. G. N. Curzon, Lord and Lady Arlington, Baron Tweed rrioufhand Lady Tweedmouth, Lord Hyde, Countess Isabel Demay, Lady Scott, Lady Helen Stewart, Miss Hay, Miss Grenfell, Miss Ogden Goelett, and Miss Goelett, Henry While, of the United States legation; Baron Montague Rowett, Sir A. C. Stephen, Lord and Lady Cav endish-Bentinck, Sir Arthur Ellis, Mrs. William James and Mr. and Mrs, Ogden Miles. Arthur J. Balfour was also in vited, hut owing to the press of official duties'was finable to be present. iMre Re-Id gave a reception following (hb banquet. Indeed the dinner was! scarcely over w'hen the reception quests began "tio arrive. Among thesa wer- , Ambassador Hay and Mr®. Hay, Lord i Wllfiafn Peres ford aird Lady Beresford, VISeoUT.f! Peel. Sir Thomas Sanderson, | Sir Arthur 'Sullivan, Moberly Bell, as- 1 ®Mt4r..t general manager of the Tim ®. ; anti 'Mr;. Bell, Lady Randolph Churchill | And Miss Randolph Vivian, Mr. and Mr®. | j BrhdDv Martin. Mi®. Letter. Mr, and I ] 'Ml®. McKinley Osborn, Mr. ami Mrs. Ad-, fal'E. Stevenson, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Fos ter, Gen. Payne, of the bimetallic com- 1 mission the Bishop of Iowa, Bishop of Aktivamia, Lord ' Mayor Faudel-Phillips, and UftA ludy mayor®®®. Vocal mude was furnished in the even ing by Mno-. U>r. "Jancen, Mr. Ben I Davies and Mile. Lardi. FRONTIER SETTLED. Constantinople, July 22.—At the sitting of the peace conference today the strat egic frontier Sittled by the military at- i taches of the powers was agreed upon and the preliminaries of peace between Greece and Turkey were discussed. HE DIED GAME. Wilkesbarre, Pa.. July 22.—Peter Was Stl, alias Terrible Pete, was hanged In the county jaMjard today for the mur der of Joseph Kupersavage. of George town, this county, on Jan. 15, 1897. He died game. \ MESSAGE FflOM THE POLE. London, July 22.—A special dispatch from' Copenhagen says that a carrier pigeon has been caught in the vkfinity of. Tfiomsloe, nt ar the north point of Nor way'with, the/following stamped on Its wii<: "iforth Pole passed fifteenth." NOIA WITNESS EXAMINED No One Could Be Found Who Knew About It. A RAPIST PAYS PENALTY For His Crime by Dangling From the Limb of a T ree. THE ENRAGED FATHER’S ONLY REGRET Wm That He Was Unahle to Help Lynch the Negro Brute—Lynchers Left Mes sage on Corpse—Will Be Incinerate d. Macon, Ga., July 22.—A special to the Telegraph from Griffin, Ga., say.-; Oscar Williams, the negro brute who assaulted llttie Pearl Campbell, the 6->var-o d daughter of A. Campbell, In Henry c un ty Saturday, July .10, was taken from the Central railroad passenger train en route from Macon to Atlanta ai.d lynched by an infuriated mob In the outskirts of this city at 7 o’clock 'this morning. The body was swung to a red oak limb and was literally torn to pieces with pistol, shot gun and rifle wounds. When the work had become complete one of the men in' the mob took an en velope from his pocket, tore off the back of it, and1 wrote the following Inscript on, which was pinned to the dead man's shi rt: "To the Mayer of Pike, Prom Spalding: "This was the rebuke of the lynchers to Mayor Hugelly, of Bamesvii'e, who called out the military of that town to protect Williams a week ago." By 10 o’clock this morning the little clump of tree where the body hung sus pended was surrounded by a big crowd that had come from the country many miles around. Among the thousands who viewed the body was the father of the victim of the brute. "1 have but one regret to make of this affair." Mr. Campbell said to a reporter, “and that is I was not here to take part In giving the villain his deserts. I know he Is the right man and am satis fied with his death. r was at work at Lovejoy. fourteen miles away, hut as soon as T heard of the ly nching I Jumped into a buggy and hurried to th spot." Coroner Jesse Williams empannelled a jury at 10:30 o’clock this morning and after a few minutes, a verdict of "death at the hands of parties unknown" was reached. Not a single witness was ex amined. "I have looked all over t wn and can not find a soul who knows anything about the case,” said the coroner, "and so the verdict was formulated.” The dead negro’s body was taken from the scene of the lynching late this after nton and borne away by a crowd osten sibly for burial, bnt rumor is rife that it will be burned at midnight by a large crowd of people from adjoining counties. It Is not positively known where the bojy Is or when it will be Incinerated. The crime for which Williams suffered death at the hands of the mob Is as fol lows: On July 10 Williams was plowing in a field several hundred yards from the Campbell home. Hi was a very hot day and Mrs. Campbell sen: her little son end daughter! Ernest and Jewel, to car ry some water tit the negro. When the children arrived a't the place where Wil liams wa- at work he complained of a head'ache and asked the little boy to hold his mule while Jewel wen. with him to a spring nwT far distant . o pour some wa fer on his head. The Kittle girl tan along merrily towards the woods, little dream ing of thi cruel fate that was In store for her. A few minutes later he little boy who is only elghit years old. heard b"r ■scream mo t piteously and, terribly frightened, he hosttened toward hom- to Inform his mother that something was wrong. On the way he met a neighbor's boy and the two wen. two miles oft ho summon A. Campbell. In the mean timi the negro had given ntp his fiendish purpose. He hurried back to the field, 'took the mule to the house, where ho got his coat and hat and fled. In a short time the H tie girl, ble ding and bruised, appeared to'tell hor moth-r of the horri ble as-ault. Med*cal attention was at once secured for the child arid, though for a time her life was despaired of, she was soon pronounced out of danger and now bids fair to completely recover. THE WATER WAYS Have Been Greatly Improved During the East Year as Shown by Reports. •Washington, July 22.—Several river and hrarbor improvement projects in North Carolina have, during the past year, b en under the supervision of Capt. W. E. Craighlll, who has Just made a report to uhe war department. The dredging In Royal Shoal, Oconogee Inlet, N. C., says •the report, was accomplish, d and simi lar operations were begun, Beacon Island slue being finished in January. Fishing meek was cleared of snags and similar cfostructions as were also Pam lico and Tar rivers shoals at the mouth of Contentia creek, which was dredged and snags removed from that stream. The Neuse river was sr.agged from near Goldberg to Stoner Jo i.lee. Beaufort hanboT operations during the year were oonfined to improvements previously commenced. The inland waterway be twe r» Beaufort harbor and New i Ivor were dredged. There is an available bal ance of $1,000 for continuing work at this place. Work on he Northeast river was confined to snagging. The Black river was also snagged and! also a shoal at Hawse nxrr iws improv-.d. Several shoals in the Cape Fear ilver above Wilmington were improved by regulating works of pile and brush. The river was also snagg ed. Imporeve merits on this river at and b low Wilmington consisted in extend ing ami repairing the retaining dyke at Snow's marsh, repairing New Inlet dam and in operating the suction dredge. The ma.erial removed from the shoals near the mouth of tb river amounted to 16, 000 cuMc yards. The merchandise carried on the river duping'the year amounted to 673,208 •tone, a gain of 56,154tons over last year. Cotton landed at Wilmington amounted to 103,537,167 pounds. LOOKS LIItE BUSINESS. Washington, July 22.—Repres ntative C. W. Stone, of Pennsylvania, who was chairman of the committee on coinage, weights and measures of the last house, today introduced in the house a bill to authorise the appointment of a monetary commission. SENATE PONFIRMATIONS. Washington, July 22.—'The senate com. firmed the following postmasters: J. E. Roche, at Washington, Ga.; P. 8. Scruggs, at Hall Springs, Miss. f- • I *• HONOR TO A NATION'S HERO Thousands Witness Unveiling of Logan’s Monument. AGED VETERANS IN LINE With Soldiers of Today and of Days Yet to Come. THE WORLD’S EXPOSITION IS OUTDONE In the Matter of Fire Works—McKinley’s Eulogistic Message to Alger — Bev eral Prostrations and Three of Them Serious. , ^Chicago, July 22.—Today tire center of (the west was a liU.de mound in Lake Park. Paa: its base for three hours pass ed rank after rank of men who had been defenders of their country in the duys which were ait once (the brightest and darkest In its 'hig.ory>—rank af er rank of fighting men of today—rank after rank of the boys who are to toe the soldiers of the future. From three o'clock until six (the broad expanse of Michigan avenue was swept from curb to curb by marching ho- a. From enld no end It was a glittering vis ion of weapons, tossing plumes and standards and throughout its length a Vest concourse of people packed :he Sid - walks, filled the windows and sealed the roots to see as the old soldiers march d, how Illinois kepi, faith with the memory of John A. Logan. Over 20,000 men were in line. In front of the li tie hillock upon whose summit stands the Inspiring and fife like statue- of Logan as he appeared while rallying ihe broken ranks of tthe army of Tennessee, thirty-three years ago today, was erected a large stand and upon i. wvr seated his wife and his children, his grandchildren, and his brothers. In the absence of President McKinley, who was unavoidably detained in Washington, Secreltary of War Alger represent d the government. Old friends end comrades of Logan were there in profusion. Members of his old regiment, members of the Grand Ar my and memtoois of Ijh- Loyal Legion, all gathered in great numbers to do him honor. No finer weather could be found in the month of July. The sun shone warmly but fits rays were 'temper, d by a Strong breeze from the wed; which kept the marchers comfortable but it', was hard ’ on the old color bearers of the Grand Army as tt 'os'jed 1'h.ir flags with n vigor that was at times too much for .heir an cient hands and failing grip. Reviewing g.anda were erected at frequent intervals along the avenue, all of them flli d t'o overflowing; an enormous crowd which taxed the police to ti'he utmost were In the streets and tn the windows, upwards ut of each one of which floated the na ■yonal colors in which were thoujia nda of spectators who cheered and applauded the troops a= '.hey marched below. It was a. great day on Which to hold a great pa rad'e in honor of the great at volunteer soldier of the west. At 10 o’clock the reviewing stand was filled with distinguished guests and prominent citizens of the city. Besides the members of Gen. Logan's immediate family, the reviewers included Gov. Tan ner, of Illinois; Gov. Holcomb, of Nebras ka; Gov. Drake, of Iowa; Gov. James A. M' unt, of Indiana; Gov. Atkinson, of We t Virginia; Gov. Schofield, of Wiscon sin; Secretary of War and Mrs. Alg?r, ex-Scnator Sabin, of Minnesota; Arch bishop John Ireland, of St. Paul; Gov. Barnes, of Oklahoma. The two broth els of Gen. Logan, T'tomas Logan, of Murphysboro, 111., John A. Logan's birth place, and James V. Logan, of Olney, 111., occupied places of honor. President McKinley sent the follow ing message t" Secretary Alger: “Please convey to Mrs. Logan and also to the committee In charge of the cere monies my profoundest regret that I cannot be present to do honor to the memory of the gallant volunteer soldier of two wars, and distinguished states man, my personal friend, whose life and work today receives crowning honor. Gen. Logan's achievements form a part of the most brilliant record of the re united nation and will live forever in it* history.” The' monument was presented to the state by Henry W. Blodgett, of Phila delphia, and accepted by Gov. Tanner. Gov. R. W. Peck, the orator of the day, paid a glowing tribute to Logan’s mem ory. Shortly afibr 8 o’clock Mrs. Logan and hpr party left the Auditorium Annex for thq Coliseum. An Immense throng had gathered to ■witness In the Coliseum gar den' the fireworks which were on a par with the lavish and beautlfu'1 displays shown at intervals during the world's I fair. At the conclusion of the spectacle the crowd turned to the Coliseum wheflA for over an hour, Mrs. Logan, Secretary I and Mrs. Alger and Sculptor St. G«udms received the thousands who pres-ed Into th) ■ building- Quite a number of peon’e fainted in the crush on this streets while reviewing the parade. The majority of them were wom'n. but only three cases are serious and th'ey are men. James Jepson and Kdward Hunt, both elderly, and .Tamop Connolly, a private of Haft"" y ]£. Third Illinois artillerv, are In a pre carious condition from the heat. THE GOLD FEVER. EngK-hmen Are Anxious to Visit the Yukon District. London, July 22.—Sir Donald Alexander Smith, the Canadian high commissi n r : ip London, has been besieg’d for sevetal days past with inquiries by those who det'ire t'o go to the Yukon mining district. Most of the applicants for Information are young men who are empluyed on farms and In factories. Would-be emi grants of this class art urged to remain at home, hut hardy men with a capital of 100 pounds or more are encouraged to leave for the gold fluids. Several solid capitalists ara interesting thema Ives in the mining territory and are making In vestigations with a view of organizing ntlnl g companies. Experts have been dispatched to in spect the region. (Regarding the suggested exclusion of Americans from the Yukon reservation the commissioner says that there is n >th lng in the treaties between Great Britain tnd the United States to prevent this action, but as a matlt-r of courtesy it is lyardly likely this step will be taken. A fbw emigrants have Aft England for the (fold fields thus faT. This is probably due to the monetary situation. NO EXTRA TERM New York, July 22.—District Attorney Oloott today gave out correspondence be tween himself and Gov. Black. Air. Oleott said, for a special term of the criminal court to try the directors of the Tobacco company. The directors of the Tobacco company were tried In general sessions last month before Judge Fitzgerald, the jury standing 10 for conviction and two acquittal. r. Oleott desired to try the case again this month, but Gov. lilack declined to give him the extraordinary term of court which he asked for. COLLEGE PRESIDENT RESIGNED. Providence, R. I„ July 22.—President E. B. Andrews, of Blown university, today s nt a letter to the faculty resigning his office. The letter was in response to a communication sent to President An drews by the special committee appoint ed by the tru tees and fellows In June who at that time called him to account for liis silver utterances. TROTTING RACES POSTPONED. New York. July 22.—The trotting races that were to have bren held at Fleet wood park today were postponed until tomorrow on account of wet conditions of the ground. AS IN 1840-7 Miners and Everybody Else Talk Noth ing But Yukon and Wirt Go Thpre. Victoria, B. C., July 22.—A special to' 'tlhe Times from 'Nanaimo says (Many coal miners left here today for Victoria on th'ejr way to Yukon. Borne thhlty of tih ' best miners in the pins of Mb.' Vancouver Coal company have thrown down their picks to prepare to leave fori he promised land. Upon every corner, up street andi down street, com mon d*n,vorsaitlon is Yukom Many are trying to raise property w-hieh coa: vb m *1,500 and being unsuccessful even to one third of the original cost. Among those who will go are Thomas Keith, ex-mem ber of parliament, Albert Wilson and about fifty others who will hid aaeau to Nanaimo within the next three weeks. Every effort is being made in Victoria and provincial cities to have Canadian customs officers sen. up to collect duties on, American goods. It is expected that offlceis will go on the next steam r. THE CONFERENCE REPORT Allison Wanted a Vote, But Pet tus Objected, SENATOR TURLEY SWORN IN Mr. Tillman Took a Turn in the Diseussion of the Agricultural Schedule—Joint Resolution Passed. Washington. July 22.—Shortly before the senate adjourned today. Senator Al lison, In charge of the tariff bill, made a strong effort to have a time fixed for the final vote on the tariff conference re port. Falling In this, Mr. Allison gave notice that the session tomorrow would be protra'-rd w. ' f, view to securing a vote. It was the first definite move made thus far towards bringing the debate to a close. Mr. Allison's first proposition was for a vote at 5 o’clock tomorrow, but this was objected to by Mr. Pettus, of Alabama. Then he proposed a vote some time before adjournment tomorrow, which was objected to by Mr. Morgan. The suggestion of Saturday at 1 o'clock met with like objection from Mr. Mor gan. The Alabama senator explained his last objection by stating that he thought that all debate, on the subject would be exhausted tomorrow so that it was needless to make an agreement in advance. Finding that there was no disposition to reach an agreement, Mr. Allison finally gave notice that hereaf ter while the report was pending the sen ate would not adjourn at 5 o'clock with out a yea and nay vote: ■The 'debate on the report today was participated in by S realtors Chilean, of Texas; Jones, of Arkansas, and Petti grew, of 'South Dakota, in opposition,, while Mr. Aldrich took frequent occasions to defend the report again.': the criticisms of those senators. The credentials of the new senator from Tennessee, Thomas 15. Turley, who succeeds the late Senator H'au ris, wer presented by his colleague, Mr. Date, and the oath of oiHee admin istered. ■During the discussion of the agricult ural schedule Mr. Tillman was drawn into ■a vehemeri argument on the benefit of tun export bounty ore agricultural pro ducts. The South Carolina senator de clared that the imptsl'tlo-n of such a boun ty was the most effective means of de stroying the protective system, for If ■the farmer got on,, drop of blood In his mouth he would wairet to swallow the whole carcass and li't would end In a scramble, overturning the whole system. The house joint resolution wao passed requesting th. president to make inves tigiii ion as to the exclusion of American ■tobacco from foreign countries under the Regie contract system. At 5 o’clock 'the senate held an executive session and 'then adljotirned. I STILL AT IT. Senatorial Candidates In South Carolina Continue Their Wind Fight. Charleston, S. C., July 22.—The senato rial meeting today at Georges was de void of special Interest or feature. The candidates arc- showing some wear on ac count of the strain of the campaign, al though only fifteen out of forty coun ties have been visited. There were about 200 voters at today’s meeting and thf y were very much divided as to the rival candidates. Col. Irby devoted much time to ridiculing the present governor. Senator McLaurln said that from what he gathered, Col. Irby was after the sen atorship but was willing to let his peni tent political son have that office and take the office of governor for lilmscif two years hence. Col. irby said he wanted the senatorship and expected to get "it. Mr. IdcLaurin said his tariff position was being persistently misrepresented and misquoted and to explain his true views took up ail of his time. Co!. Irby said with the negro vote out of the way there will soon be a repub lican party in South Caiollna and that McLaurln will lead it. McLaurln insisted that he stands upon the Bryan platform. NAVAL MILITIA RETURNING. Savannah, Ga„ July 22.—The gunboat Wilmington arrived here this afternoon from Brunswick with two divisions of naval militia returning from camp at St. Simon's Island and will remain several days. / OLDEST PRIEST DEAD. Troy, N. Y.. July 22.—Rev. Peter Haver lnan», the oldest Catholic priest In the United States, died today. Father Hnvermans wa» born in the province of North Brabant, Hot lard, March 20, 1SCJ6. BIRMINGHAM'S GREAT DAY Passed and Gone is the Good Old Iron Age, and NOW COMES AGE OF STEEL First B Yesterday AFternoon Unqualifiedly ’ £■" Successful. ma/ ^prominent citizens went out A' nYlaw tho Steel as It Came From the i Cupola Into the Mold-’Tie a - True Advance Guard X J< ■ j of Prosperity. Sited pure ard as good as ever run from a cupalo Into a mold, was made 1n Birmingham yesteiday afternoon. The iron age 'has passed and the long looked forage of steel has come. The chrysalis has tpcr. d and from Its hidden Inferior ha;s eotne forth the but l.rrfly of prosperity, i s wings golden huod and Its life sufficiently ttrong lo la fit for u r.'h'f a rd of ages. Magic was the name long ago given to Birmingham wh n but a poor, worn out farm it sprang Into existence. Coal, iron ore, and limestone, .he three component parts of iron, were found within rifle shot, as 'it were, of Birmingham's prvsint o n ter, and as soon as ilhe world heard of it capital flecked here from every quar ter of the g! .’be. do a nlghl. as it were, Birmingham was 'build d on paper. Th: capitalist came, saw, and were conquered by the peerless mineral deposits actually bursting fonh from the mountain sides and peeping out from tlie bi som uf the earth. Th.- old. worn out farm was laid off Into streets and aver.ucs, .he blocks cut up into lots, and then came the boom. For a time the land agents and specula tors made fortun e. Magnificent buildings arose on all sides, furnaces went up here and there at available places and Bir mingham became he world’s rival In Iron making. Many skeplice predicted that the bubble would soon burs, and Birmingham, like Cahaba, the one-tim capi/jal and pride of the state, would crumble into dust, her furnaces decay with ru'nt and i.the people scatter to the four winds of the earth. (Partially this phopb ey was verified, but only an infinitesstmal portion of tr. The bubble bursted, but not until lands In the business center reached he fabu lous price of $1,250 ar.d $1,500 per front foot. Many men who made fortunes lost them, but Mhos. who were cautious and had faith In the Magic City held on with bulldog tenacity, and heir faith has been rewarded. After a short era of 1..activity and pros tration the cflty again raised its dropp ing head and, Phoenix like, has sprung into a newer and better life—a life which will grow stronger with age and soon again the capital of the world will be knocking at the outer gates for admis sion. ONE WHO HAD FAITH. The age of iron has outlived Itself and the age for which all were looking has arrived. Among the many industries which came to Birmingham in her prim eval days was the Birmingham Rolling Mill company. In July, 1880, the plant started with a capital stock of $250,000. After the experimental stage had been passed, the plant began active operations and has been employing hundreds of men almost constantly ever since. For a I. ng time the tannage of the plant was 4.000 to 5.000 tons per annum. Now the capital stock has reached the handsome sum of $500,000 and the tonnage is from 35,000 to 40,000 tons per annum. The plant uses 250 tons of coal and 200 tons of pig dally and the force of hands on the pay roll numbers 1,300, with a monthly stipend of from $35,000 to $40,000. The company long years ago, when having the plant erected, foresaw a now era for Birmingham, "The Age of Steel,” and the machinery placed in the works was made to meet the looked for chang-. Four years ago the steel question was agitated. Up to that time the steel Ingots u-ni In the mill had been purchased from northern and western manufacturers and even today can be found this article- on the grounds of the plant. THE INITIAL STEPS. When the Henderson steel works turned out their products at North Bir mingham, the Birmingham Rolling Mill company, feeling a deep Interest in the welfare of the city, secured and used them. The ever alert president anti su perintendent of the company saw the "Age of Steel” not far away and In a short time President Caldwell and Super intendent Dwyer went to Pittsburg. Du Quesue, Chicago and other steel making cities and made a careful and thorough Investigation. They became convinced that Birmingham was destined to be come the steel center and so thoroughly imbued were they with this conviction that the directors of the company were called together and the matter dis cussed. "Steel must be made In Birmingham,” was the unanimous decision, and barely four months ago the State Herald an nounced to its read.rs that a steel plant would be erected here and that within six months steel would bs made. The most capable ar.isms were se’ur;d, the very latest machinery purchased and soon the mill was complet'd. On June 7 the fires were lighted to dry out the interior of th cupola, and yesterday charge was put In.. It was 1 o’clock In the ofterr.onn and soon the furnace was h at'd to 3,000 d grees Fahrenheit. At 0 o’clock the run was made and PURE STEEL was produced from A'lalrama iron, mi<lo not 300 yards from the ste-1 mill. The occasion was a gala one, for hun dreds of Birmingham’s most repr:s nta tlve citizens had gntfo i*il to wltres? the run. which was destined to prove an era in the history of the Magic City. When the experts pronounced their verdict of success there was great rejoicing and an old-fashioned hand shaking. It was n time for rejoicing for those who worn present were mart" to realize that their faith in Birmingham was soon to be re warded. The most gratifying fact to those pres ent was the fact that the steel was made from ALABAMA IRON. tire pigs being low silicon products of the Alice furnaces, a plant belonging to tho Tcnnoffsre Coal, Iron and Railway com pany, which is situated In hailing dis tance of the cupolas. The component parts were 65 per cent, low silicon iron and 35 per o.-nt. scraps. Superintendent Dwyer, after the run. was seen by a Stat>- Herald repotuer and after a hearty hands Wake. remarked thatt. his denrrtst hopes had been realized. Ev iCoutmued on Becond rage.)