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THE DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
Saturday, January 24, 1885 LIFE IN LIBERIA. Information from the Consul General cf the Colored Bepublic. Educational Facilities Thousand of Applicants Tle Change of tuate Itelatlons Co (lie Na lives Work Wage. fWashington Cor. Cincinnati Tim-Star. Mr. William Coppinger, consul general for Liberia and secretary of the,. Coloni zation society, leaves here In a flay or two for New York to superintend the work of Sending to Liberia the regular semi-annual Colony cf colored people. Every spring " and every fall tlite society, formed over sixty years ago, sends a small ship load of black men and women to the native land of the African race. "There is great unrest among the colored people of this country, " said Mr. Coppinger, as he sat in the rooms of the society here. In the closets with which the room was lined were samples of coffee and cotton and other articles of a similar nature, the production of the colonists in Liberia. On a mantel, just opposite him, stood photographs of the leg islature and supreme court of Liberia, all their members black. The portrait of the present president Showed the face of an apparently bright and intelligent black man. "He is a na tive of Liberia, " said Mr. Coppinger. " born there of parents who were shaves in thia country; he is a man of marked ability and a successful president. This i3 Rev. Dr. Blyden, " he said, pointing to the photograph of a full-blooded negro. " lie is tho president 01 our college mere, you know, ; a man of thorough education ana abUity. You have some educational facilities in Liberia then." "Oh, ves, very good ones. There are public schools, and by the laws of the re public all children of certain age are required to attend school a given tim in each year. Education is compulsory. Then there are higher grades of schools, and the college, which cost $20,000, and is well-equipped and well patronized. The people who go there appreciate very thoroughly the value of education. In fact, we do not take any now who are not Of this class. - The number of application! is so great that we have opportunity to select our people prettv carefully. "Are your applications for opportunity to go to Liberia numerous, then? " "Numerous?" he said with a smile. glancing at a pile or papers ueiore mm. SI should say they were. The desire for removal to a new country where men and women of color may be on an equality in every sense with the other men and women of that country seems to be on the increase. We get thousands of applica tions from every direction, and thousands more than we can meet with the limited means at the disposal of the society, which, of course, is maintained by con tributions. I believe that if we had ships and means to help all applicants get a start there as we do with those whom we do send, there would be a half -million of the colored people of this country ready to go at once. " ffllowmany have you sent in all since .the society was formed? " "About 16,000, who were residents of this country. Then there are about 5,000 iiaore natives of Africa who were captured a board vessels which were bringing them to this country to sell them as slaves. They were, as a rule, sent to Liberia. So there have been over 20,000 persons landed there to make homes in that country since our society began its work sixty-three rears aaro. " . "How does the change in climate seem to" Affect heif health and constitutfons?" . Not unfavorably. They are, as & rule; very healthy, and the percentage of mor tality, very smalL n "And what are the relations of those who go there to the natives by whom they must oe surrounded ? " "Very satisfactory. Liberia, you must know, extends up and down the coast for a distance of 600 miles, tad stretches back into the interior ftlr-inst : Indfiflnitelv. so that the people who go there, and who have gone, are brought into contact with a very large number of the natives. The result has been a gradual assimilation of the natives with the civilized element. They have gradually come to see the advantages of civilization, as is shown by the fact that withiu the.past year two of the native kings have come into the Liberian coun try to remain, expressing a desire to adopt the habits of civilization. Some of thesd kings and others of the natives have for a considerable time been sending thetf children to the schools of Liberia. Tha influence of the colony is so marked thai Jt is nowpossible for one familiar with Only the English tongue to make himself Understood all along that section. A very largo percentage of the natives in the Liberian country speak English" and under stand it readily. n "And what does your association do for those whom it sends abroad?1 "It elves them passage to Liberia from tho port of New York only, requirin them to furnish their own transportatlo: . to that point. On their arrival there i fiives them ten acres of land, a town lot they prefer it, and in some cases wherft there is a family of considerable size it gives twentv-nve acres. This seems like a small amount of land, but, in fact, it will produce as much there as 100 acres will cere. It also allows them $30 for rations and shelter after reaching there. Toward this each emigrant is expected to subscribe at least $23 before leaving home. "And what are, the opportunities for self-support there? " " The same as here. The men who have trades are in demand, and at good wage3, as are also teachers, clerks, and account ants. As to farming, a colored man who has been there a number of years writes us two-thirds of the labor that it would take to support a man in the United States will reward the workman thirty, sixty, a hun dred fold; the profits will sweeten the toll. A coffee-tree planted and raised will in four years yield its increase, two crops a year, of what many pronounce the best coffee grown in the world. Arrowroot, pepper, lemons, oranges, yams, potatoes, corn, beans, and a hundred others articles of food and commerce, put them in the earth, and they are as sure to produce as the God of nature is to bring the seasons. " The First Nesro Sons. Exchange. The first negro song ever sung before an audience in a theatre was by an actor named Herbert He had been a cook in early life, and was famous for his pot pies ; therefore he waS familiarly called "Pot-pie" Herbert. The song was entitled "The Battle of Plattsburg." Herbert made his first effort in Albany, N. Y. It was in the year 1815. He painted his face with black paint, the use of burnt cork being unknown at that time. He sat la -a chair before the curtain. Toy Diorama In Paris. Toy dioramas are now popular in Paris. They consist of microscopic views photo graphed on tiny lenses and set in hand lemely decorated frames. They are com paratively inexpensive. AFRAID OF HtS GUM. A Dackwoodimau ITCakes a Sensa tlon In a Crowded Depot. Kansas City Star. He pot off a train from western Kansas, with a bag in one hand, a long rifle in the other, and a disagreeable-looking dog at his heel3. Not one objected when, by a sudden turn, the loner rifle would sweep off a plug hat. The savage-looking dog Stopped a moment to smell of an elegantly dressed young man's leg as though in doubt wnetner to tase a bite or not. "Come along, Kit; don't have any truck with tbr t air tenderfoot, " said the master with a contemptous look. The tender foot did not seem a bit hurt to think that "Kit" had been forbidden his society. As the big back-woodsman turned to caution his dog about associating with tenderfeet there was a scream from a lady who sud denly found herself looking down the muzzle of the big rifle, which was swung around under her nose. The big man, who, by the way, was dressed :ln typical cowboy style, looked amused when he saw the cause of the excitement. " These gol dumed tenderfoots Is afraid tluy will see a shooting-iron, " he said, and walking up to a passenger director he asked; "Look here, stranger, can you show me where they buy the tickets at?" Upon being shown to the ticket office he braced up to the window, and the muzzle of . the long gun was the first thing to thrust itself into the face of the terrified ticket-seller, for he carried it under his arm to avoid any more plug-hat accidents. By the time the big fellow got out his leather wallet the ticket-seller had suc ceeded in regaining the window, but out of range of the riflle, which had a bore as big as a shot-gun. While buying his ticket he was not crowded or elbowed, al though there were twenty people waiting their turn. Instead of sitting down on a seat he threw his bag full of some lumpy substance down in a corner at the main en trance, and whipping out a knife with an eight-inch blade he began fixing something about the lock of hi3 gun. This necessi tated sweeping the muzzle about from side to side, and it was amusing to witness the fright of ladies and gentlemen alike as they passed through the door, -as though they were under fire. The big fellow had on a wide brim straw hat and wore a mix ture of buckskin and canvas clothing. Everyone breathed easier when he boarded his train, which took him into Missouri to visit a brother. XIow Buffaloes Are Slaughtered. Glendive (M. T.) Cor. New York Sun. People living near here were S"rprised the other day by hearing a loud tramping, and through the clouds of dust kicked up they discovered a herd of buffaloes mak ing at a m 1 pace for the river. The an imals appeared to be well-nigh run down, but many of them were furious. . As they came to the bank of the Yellowstone they plunged in pell mell one on top of the other, and for a time it looked as though many of them would be killed, but nearly all got out uninjured. They had hardly reached the other side when a yelling, swearing crowd of white men and Indians came up on foam-covered horses. They paused here long enough to get refresh ment, ar i then resumed the chase. There wte 400 or 500 buffaloes in the herd, and they were making for Tritish America as fast as their legs would carry them From the hunters it was learned that the hunt began down in Dakota, on the Cannon Ball river, where not less than 5,000 of the animals were found grazing. A few of the men had followed them the entire distance, but although the party that passed here numbered only thirty, its members estimated that from first to last 200 or 400 men had taken part in the slaughter. Some of the men who started out with the original party had remained behind at various points to secure the hides and others, who only joined in for the sport, had dropped out after satisfying themselves with the chase. The rapidity .with which these magnificent animals are slaughteted is shown by the fact that the nuntars passing inrougn nere saia wey would have the hides of the remnant of herd before reaching the boundary line. Erasing Cattle Brands. Globe-Democrat ' The-plan was simple enough. A plect of blanket was taken and wrung out after being dipped in water. A common frying pan was then heated nearly red hot. The wet blanket was ;appiied over the brand and the red-hot pan pressed hard against it. The steam generated scalded the hair clean off and the job was done. In a few months the hair grew again and anew brand was put on. The same plan is adopted by horse-thieves. Then, again, the fellows had a kind of branding-if n, with which they could change a number of brands. I once heard a Texan boast of a man in Presidio county, Texas, who started in five years ago with only two, cows and a branding-iron and is to-day worth $100,000. I told him I knew half a dozen men in New Mexico who started in with nothing but the branding-iron and are to-day worth $200,000. The branding iron has laid the foundation of many re spectable fortunes both' here and in Texas. " On vsritli the Dance Burlington Hawkeye. During the recent festival the Shoshone Indians occupied three days and nights In dancing. All savages and some civilized people waste a great deal of time in danc ing. It will be observed that as we de scend in the social and intellectual scale the rage for dancing Increases. In the lowest grade of civilized society, the "dance house" is almost the sole resort of merry makers, and dancing and fighting are the only amusements of the dwellers in the slums. As a rule, a ball without a fight i3 a3 great a rarity as a picnic with out a pie. Among the savages dancing is a universal and natural art; every barbarian knows how to dance, without any instruc tion. We have some other things t o say about dancing, meaner and hatefuller than anything in this paragraph, but we are holding them In reserve to fire at some in dignant man with brains in his heels who wul be indiscreet enougn to reply to this pleasant and interesting statement of fact Map'or the Lost Atlantis. Chicago Tribune Mr. Meyer, noted as an archacologi recently made an interesting discovery the island of Zapatera. Writing from Nicaragua, he says: "About forty-two feet under the surface of an ancient ceme tery I discovered a rock, which, judging from the figures it contains, has served in remote times for astronomical observations. On this rock I have founw. two stone tablets, one of which contains a representa tion of the world, part of Africa and Asia, united Europe, and this continent. A large continent is situated in the Atlantic ocean, which I consider the mythical lost Atlantis mentioned some of the ancient authors. The other tablet contains in scriptions of which part is undoubtedly Phoenician. " The Coming Craze. Chicago HeraU. "Pasteurized" beer is now being sold in Canadian cities. The process of Pasteuri zation requires the heating of the liquid to a point sufficient to destroy the vitality of yeast cells and other germs. This is ac complished by a temperature of over 131 degrees Fahrenheit, and the heat should be applied for a cpasideraUe time ibtrtisnnrrjs. SI. W. McChesncy k hi 42 Queen Street. 2811 IA.OK A GES Lauding: and to Arrive Per Mariposa k W. G. Irwin, ;Cousltiu;r InSPart of Bbla. Flour, Golden Gate. Bbls. Flour, El Dorado. Bbls. Flour, Crown. Bbls. Flour, Anohor. Sks. Potatoes, Best iu Gunnies. Sks. Onions, Best Silver Skin, Sk. Corn, Best Whole, Sks. Coin, Best Cracked, Sks. Wheat, Best, Sits. Barley, B .st, . Sks Bran, Coarse and Fine. Sk's. BciiiiH. White, Skn. Beuns, lied, Sks. Beans. Bazou, Sks. Beans, Horse, Sks. Beuns. Lima. Cases Meal, White Corn, 10 lb. hgs. Cases Meal, Oat, 10 lb. bugs, Cases Wheat, Cracked, lOlb. bags, Cases Medium Bread, Cases Nicnaes, Cases Ex. Soda Crackers, Cases Tins Coffee, Roast & Ground, Sks. Green OoffVe, Cases Spices, Ass'td, all sizes, Chests Japan Tea, 1 lb. papers, Chests Japan Tea, x pip?rs. Casks Whitaker's Star Hams, Casks Standard Ham., Crates Whitaker's Star Bacon, Crates. Standard Bacon. Cases Faiibank's Lard, 3 lb. pail, Cases Fairbank's Lard, 5 lb. pail, Cases Fairbank's Lard, 10 lb pail, Cases Standard Lard, 5 lb. pail. Cases Whitney's Batter, in tins, Half Bbl. Butter, Tickle Boll, Qr. Bbl. Butter, Pickle Roll, Half Firkins Butter, Gilt Edge, Qr. Firkins Butter, Gilt Edge. Boxes Raisins, London Layers, boxes Raisins, Loudon Layers, baxes Raisins, Loudon Layers, Boxes Raisins, Muscatel. Boxes Currants, Drams Citron, Minee Meat, pails, Atniores, Mince Meat, tins, Cuitinga. LSUNDRIES. Cases Mixed Pickles, Cases Horse Radish, Kegs Soused Pigs Feet, Kegs Spiced Lambs' Tongues, Kegs Chocolate, Sacks EaglishWalnuts, Sacks Soft Shell Almonds, Bales Wrapping Paper extra quality, Sacks Ttxas Pecans, extra large, Dozens Brooms, Cases Fresh Eggs, Cases Laundry Starch, Sacks Raw PeanutB. These Hoods are Fresh; were; Bouslit very Low, and will be Sold at the Lowest Market Bates ! CASH PURCHASERS Are invited to inspect our stock and get prices. . M. W. McChesney & Sou, 42 QUEEN STREET. 152-dtf Aw vtttl$mtnts. Silver ! Silver ! Silver ! -:o:- GREAT SILVER GIFT SALE! COMMENCING Saturday 3STov. 2 9th A T CHAS. J. FISHEL'S. 5,000 Worth of WILL BE GIVEN AWAY Butter Knives, Butter Dishes, Castors, Etc., Etc., To every Customer I'ureliaMliijr 3.50 wortli of Good. TOYS ! S 2,5 00 WORTH OF TOYS And Christmas Presents will be riven away during this Sale to 'every Customer buying 1 worth or more. liou't buy Toy- lor O 1-1 J S . Corner Fort and Headquarters -FOR HOLIDAYS! HOLIDAYS! HOLIDAYS! FOR Santa Clans ! Santa - Ohristmas Presents ! New Year's Gifts ! Every Day a Grand Opening Day. New Goods arc Daily being Placed on oar Counters as soon as llooin is Made. Xow Arrived from Euland, via Australia, per I. JH. . Zealamlia, of Xoveuiber 23rd. Terra Cotta Figures, Bisque Figures, Ala baster Figures. Motto Cups and Saucers, Fine Moustache Cups, China Vases, Bohemian Vases, China and Bisque Ornaments, Rose Ornaments, Ladies' Bags, Work Boxes, Scrap Albums, Dress ing Cases, a Fine Line, Ladies' Fans, Velvet Frames, (elegant finish), a splendid assort ment of Ladies' and Gents' Purges, Toilet Sets, Carvers, Bread Knives, Scissors. Cups, Saucers, Dishes, Bowls, Plates, Jugs, Ewers and Basin3, Tea Pot, Coffee Pots, Parian Figures, Flower Stands, Bouquet Holders, Billiard Chalk, Faucy China Ware, Granite Ware, ETC., ETC, ETC, ETC., ETC., ETC., ISTE,, ETC., ETC. ppRecollect we throw out uo leaders. Every article speaks for itself, and we sell as low as the lowest, and you will find always perhaps lower. KEjSTNTiirJY & CO., Importers and Wholesale Dealers in House Furnishing Good, fancy Articles, Notions, Novelties, Specialties, Etc. P. O. BOX 3S0, lIOXOLITLir. :o:- Silver Presents DURING THIS SALE. -:o:- TOYS ! ! -:o:- Christina, but call at FISHEL'S, Hotel Streets. 138 tf for Supplies THE- Clans ! Santa Clans ! FOR - Christmas Presents ! New Years Gifts ! Pocket Knives, Tea, Call and Dinner Bells, Fine Ink Stands, Accordeons the best mantifactnred, Bell Rattles, Rubber Dolls, Mouth Organs, Trumpets, ClarionetU's, Cabinets, Elegant Dressed Dolls, Fine Stationery, Boxes, Cases and Racks, Cabinet Albums, Lustres, Glass Sets, Crockery Ware, Toilet Soap, Pianos, Shell Work, Dinner Sets, Color Boxes, Table Mats, Tea Sets, China, Tin, Metal. :o:- 21SCf Sdmlisfnunis. L. B. TS ERR, M EEC H ANT TAIL OB, GAZETTE BUIjLDIjSTGK lias Just Returned from Europe WITH A LARGE STOCK OF New Goods and Materials Of the Latest Styles and Patterns, Which he is Prepared to Makt up la the LATEST FASHION, AD FOR THE LOWEST PKICES POSSIBLE. 247 tf GREAT REDUCTION IX P H 1 CE8 O E BOOTS fe SHOES Large and Varied Assortment :o:- "Small Profits and Quick Returns" IS JVl Y :o: Ladies Gents BOOTS AND SHOES I 1ST GREAT A.11 Styles and Sizes of GENTS' DANCING PUMPS, Ladies' Common Sense Slippers, AND CHILDREN'S Of .A.11 Descriptions, At Prices which Defy Competition GEETZ, PORT STBEET. ROYAL HAWAIIAN HOTEL. The Roj'al Hawaiian Hotel is one of the leading architectural structures of Honolulu. The grounds upon which it stands comprise an entire square of about four acres, fronting on Hotel S'treet. This large area affords ample room for a lawn and beautiful walks, which are laid out most artistically with flowering plants and tropical trees There are twelve pretty cottages within this charming enclosure, all under the Hotel management. The Hotel and cottages afford accom modations for 200 guests. The basement of the Hotel contains the finest billiard hall in the city; also, a first-class bar, well stocked with fine wines and liquors. The main entrance is on the second floor, to the right of which ar the elegantly furnished parlors. A broad passage-way leads from the main hall to tho dining-room. These apartments open on to broad verandas, where a magnificent view of tho Nuuanu Mountains may be seen through the wealth of tropical foliage that surrounds tho balconies. The fare dispensed is the best the market affords, and is first-class in all respects. Hotel and cottages arc supplied with pure water from an artesian well on the premises. The Clerk's office is furnished with the Telephone, by which communication is had with the leading busi ness firms of the city. EVERY EFFORT HAS BEEN MADE And Money Lavishly Expended under the Present Able Management to make this establishment the "MODEL E AMPLY HOTEL." A Reputation it Enjoys and MOST JUSTLY MERITS. 215-wft Just KeeeiveU ex. 9fnrIoa.' MOTTO. and Children's VIA H I E T Y BOOTS & SHOES Honolulu, II. I.