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THE DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
Monday, January 26, 1885 THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVERY VIORN.NC. TERMS OF SVI5SCBIPTIOX, Ttt anaam Mix months......... rer month ......... ter wef t ..IJ 00 ... 1 00 Daily and Weekly together, to one subscriber, per annum 12 00 can?nbserlptlon Payable always In Advance. Com maul catioos from all parts of the Kingdom will always be very acceptable. Persons residing in any part of tha United States can remit the amount of subscription due by Post Office money order. Matter intended foa publication in the editorial caimans should be addressed to EDiToa Pacific Coxmekciai. Ahvertuju." Business communications and advertisements ahsuld be addressed simply P. C. Abvkktiskr." aad not to individuals. NOTICE. Frm and after this date MR. A. M. MBLLIS will take charfe of the entire distribution of the dally and weekly Pacific Cokm xacrai. Avkk Tisaa ferjtbe city and suburbs. Subscribers changing thalr residences will pleas notify Mr. Mollis in writing. Papers will be left where requested by sub scribers, and In order to avoid errors In delivery, the carriers art Instructed t adhere strictly to this rule. Papers sold on the streets for cash only. Commercial Advertiser Office. Oetober 1, 1114. JAPANESE IDEAS OF HAWAII. A translation from a native Japa nese paper of an article on "Emi gration and Emigrants" appears in another column of this issue of the Advertiser. The translation is taken from the Japan Weekly Mail of 20th Decrmber last. What it has to say about the emigration of labor ers from Japan to Hawaii is emi nently satisfactory because it not only shows that the enterprise is popular in Japan, but also recapitu lates circumstances which make the present time highly suitable to it. Japan, like every other country in the world at the present moment, is suffering severely from the general depression in the value ot all sorts of produce. Her agriculturalists are in a bad way,' and the chance of getting good and steady wages here is there fore likely to be more than usually attractive to agricultural laborers Under such circumstances there need be no fear of our being able to obtain a large supply of that much needed commodity labor from that source. Tho latter part of the article, which offers some sound advice to persons who are not laborers, but who may have formed the intention of coming here has not the same personal in terest for us but some parts of it are so highly amusing that we have re printed it in full. The advice it gives is shrewd and sensible. For the present at least, it is not likely that many Japanese who are neither agri cultural laborers nor domestic ser vants will find much scope for enter - prise or many ways of making a liv ing In this country. Some of the supposed facts, however, which are adduced in support of the editor's advice to his fellow countrymen are highly ludicrous and display a sad ignorance of matters Hawaiian. They are reproduced without com ment in the Weekly Mail, so we may suppose that the editor of that paper Is not much better informed than his native confrere. It is to be hoped that when, we have a contingent of Japanese here and a Japanese Con sulate established in Honolulu these Japanese fables about Hawaii may receive some contradiction. Emigration and Emigrants. Translated lrom the FIJI Bhimpo." The announcement that Mr. Irwin had bean appointed a special commissioner by the Hawaiian Government, frith in structions to encourage emigration from Japan to the Hawaiian Islands, seemed to the distressed and embarrassed people of our country like the coming rain in time cf draught, and since then hundreds hare applied as candidates for selection. The operations of the human heart are indeed surprising. The depression of trade in Japan has increased month by month and year by year, showing no signs of abatement. It aeoms to have come to a climax during the autumn ot the present year, for the distress among the agricultural class has reached a point never before attained. Most of the farmers have become unable to pay their taxes, and, in consequence, deep and increasing hardship is being en tailed on them, 'hundreds of families, in one village alone, being compelled to sell their property in order to liquidate their debts. Dishonest persons who have suf- fered from the prevailing depression are inclined to attribute their losses to the actions of others, and on this pretext have caused considerable commotion. In several cases they broke into taverns, or gutted pawnbrokers' shops, caring little what the result of their reckless enter prises would be and hardly heeding the remonstrances of the local authorities. Many of the shizoku have found them selves reduced to the lowest depth of poverty, and in more than one case self destruction has been resorted to as a relief from all worldly distress. Others, bear- ing in mind that it is better to run away than to resort to any of the thirty-six stratagems, have absconded, leaving be hind them all liability for their pecuniary obligations. It is difficult to exaggerate the degTee of distress which prevails on all sides of us. It is not, therefore, matter for surprise that so soon as the country people became aware of the existence of arrangaments by which they could, at the expense of those by whom the scheme was originated, emigrate to another country, they should have eagerly grasped the opportunity afforded them of bettering their condition. For ourselves, we are disposed to believe that the emigration project is a good one for those of our distressed countrymen and womeo, who are fitted to engage in the occupations for which they will be required in Hawaii. At any rate, they need- not fctay here to meet their death by cold and hunger. Thy may in Hawaii earn a livelihood, the men in cultivating the fields, and the women by washing and in other occupations suited to their sex. In Japan they risa early in the morning and are constantly engaged in the fields, allowing themselves little or no time for diversion either in summer or winter, and yet their diligence and industry are so inadequately re warded that they are unable to gain suf ficient money for subsistence. Tha classes who engage in agriculture, cannot therefore ba reproached for the unhappy position in which they find them selves; the country itself must bear the blame. If any other territory can supply them with sufficient food and clothing, in return for the exercise of the same efforts that prove so unproductive in their own country, then we should say that it would be a most judicious step to get there as fast as possible, so that they may be enabled to J pass the rest of their lives in the enjoy- j ment of happiness and prosperity. We have heard, however, more than once, that among the farmers and labor ers who applied for permission to emi grate to Hawaii, there were many stu dents and other people, ill fitted to engage in agricultural labor. We have reason to believe that there is truth in this. Among the mere educated classes of our country men, the ambition to visit foreign coun- tvien prevails to an almost incredible ex tent, and it is not by any means surpris ing thai the eyes of Home of the more enterprising have been turned towards Hawaii. We do net at all wish to dis courage them from going to Hawaii, but we should like to say a few words to them by way of admonition. It may be as sumed that a large proportion of these persons nave nad trie Denent oi an edu cation extending over many years; they may have engaged in various occupations here from which they derived a large amount of experience and ability, and a certain amount of wealth. They may possibly be able to command a few hund red yen for the purpose of defraying a foreign journey. But, as they would be landed in the country of their adoption in a penniless condition," if they hud the temerity to enter upon any such enter prise, they are compelled m the meantime to restrain their desire to see the world. The only course open to them is to avail themselves of any opportunity for obtain ing the guarantee of employment in an other land, trusting to the prospect of their being able not only to provide them selves with food and clothing, but to lay by small sums now and then for use in future undertakings. But if those people think Hawaii is a place where they can attain their object, they are very much mistaken. Let them look at the condition as well as the phys ical features of the Islands. They form a very small territory situated between Japan and America, many thou sand miles from any other peopled region. Their inhabitants may enjoy as mild a spring as that of any other country, but they do not know the rain or the breeze of civilized lands. They can effect postal communication with San Francisco only by means of a steamer, -whose pas sages are made at such long intervals that the number of voyages run in a year could be enumerated with ease on the fingers. And this is the only means by which their people can obtain information as to the outer world, for no submarine cable as yet connects Hawaii with other countries, and its inhabitants must perforce remain ig norant for months of all the events that transpire outside their narrow borders, however interesting and important these events may be. Even the steamers that ply between this country and the United States, tnough they frequently pass near the Islands, do not, except on very special occasions, touch at them. The population of the various islands of Hawaii is said to be 58,000, of whom 4,500 are white. As both Europeans and Americans thus bulk pretty largely in the total of the inhabitants, the Islands are not wholly destitute of the machinery of civilization. They pos sess a nmmber of steamers, a railway which extends only for a few miles a telephone system; telegraphio lines; a postal system, and schools and colleges. There is an army of four thousand men, and a monarchiol Government, with a Parliament consisting of an upper and a lower house. Except in these particu lars, the customs and manners of the peo ple, as well as the soil, the climate, and the physical features of the islands, are nearly similar to those of the Prefecture of Okinawa. Is thre anything in such a field to reward the enterprise of Japanese of ihe character we have described? Is there any hope of their attaining their ends? They may, indeed, succeed in sav ing one or two htuidred dollars by work ing for three years in the sugar fields, and this they may employ as a nucleus for farther enterprise. But what prominent and influential position can such men hope to attiiiu there? There does not seem to be in Hawaii any more promi nent position than that of a farmer, and would these persons coutemplate spend- years of their lives lu cultivating the sno-ar-eane fields? That is a prospect ... , ...... wiiicu may oe rc-nt-cny cuusjuhui vim the ideas of a simple farmer, but it could not be otherwise than distasteful to a per son ot the education and with the ambi- We do not wish to see these people emigrate to Hawaii, out we wouia nun learn that they had decided to try their fortunes in America. . America is a large :: ountry, where many and various Indus trial undertakings may be carried on She is at present the center of civiliza tion, and the young healthy gentlemen of nnrcnnntrv cmilil not Slid a better field for tha exeici.se of their intelligence and ability. At any rate, they should not trouble themselves about the insignificant sugar-cane fielils of Hawaii. i Per P. M.S. 8. City cf.Syrtnt-y.7 Berlin, Jan. 17. In the Congo Con ference three reasons were given for the participation of America in the deliberations. First, because America was the first Power to officially rec ognize tho African International As sociation; second, because the popu lation of America includes 6,000,000 negroes, whose parent country is Africa; and third, because Americans mainly have explored the country. Madrid. Jan. 17. Another severe shock of earthquake was experienced at Granada at 10 o'clock last night, causing great alarm among the in- habitants. King Alfonso is visiting Valez Malaga to-day. The heavy snowstorm and frost continue. In Malaga the most severe snowstorm since 1861 prevails. Tlie sugar-cane crop is destroyed aue orange and olive groves are damaged. The situation is most critical. The eartn is again trembling. The wind and snow de stroyed the huts of those who fled to the open fields from, the cities and (owns for safety. At Frigi liana, twenty-seven miles east of Malaga, the people, rendered desperate by cold and huiiirer. attacked the houses of landowners. Another severe shock of earthquake has been experienced at Canillas. The War in the Soailau. London, Jan. 17. A dispatch from Oakdul savs that thirty camels dropped dead on the march from Howenjatt. The troops suffered se verely. A majority of the waterskins leaked, and the men, yielding to their thirst, exhausted their rations of water prematurely. Very few fell out of line and the condition of the men under their circumstances was splendid. All bore their hardships bravely, as is evinced by their sing ing as cheerily as their parched throats would permit. They are keenly desirous to fight. Lord Wolsley telegraphs as follows from Korti, under date of January 17th: "A large convoy has returned irom uaKaui. me whole route is quiet. The convoy returned to Howa- rab. The Howaivis tribes start with stores for Gakdul to-morrow. Sulen. chief of the Kabbabish tribe, has come in. The JbJnglish boats are now 780 are still able to be used on the river. The others are being repaired. Very few were wrecked. I'n i ted States San Francisco, Jan. 17. Colonel James J. Ayres, the well-known jour nalist, and at present State Printer, aspires to be United States Minister to the Hawaiian Islands, but does not expect that Minister Daggett will be removed very soon. Colonel 'Ayres has resided in Honolulu, and doubt less his appointment would give great satisfaction to the Bohemian colony in that city. Major Marion Biggs, of Butte, would like the Consulate at Honolulu. S. F. Post. San Francisco, Jan. 17. Now that the Senate has organized, and busi ness at the Legislature can go on, the chief matter which engrosses the public mind is tho selection of a United States Senator for California. At Sacramento partizansnip runs high. The adherents of candidates are so firm in their purpose that it is possible for them to lose sight of the great interests of the Republican party, and the still greater interests of the State at large. It is a remark able fact that nearly every one has centered upon Governor Leland Stan ford as the one man most available in the interests of Republican har mony, and for the material advan tages of California. Washington, Jan. 17. The speech made by Senator Morgan in the ex ecutive session of the Senate yester day, in favor of the Nicaraguan Treaty, is regarded as one of the strongest arguments in favor of the ratification of that instrument that has yet been presented. The new schooner at White's yard, at North Beach, San Francisco, is Intended for the Hawaiian Island trade. The tug Alert will leave San Fran cisco for Honolulu about the 23rd instant. The Hawaiian bark Kale, from San Francisco June 1st for Dunkirk, arrived out on the 30th October. This is the last of the California wheat fleet of 18S3-S4. AUCTION SALE. Immigrant s' Surplus STOKES & FITTINGS, EX. BARK "DACCA." Wo have received instructions from Messrs. G W Macfarlane Co to sell by auction, at the Pacific Mall Steamship Wharf, On Wednesday, Jan. 28th At 10 o'clock, a.m., the whole of the Immigrants' Surplus Stores And Fittings, ex bark Dacca, CouQDrlsIne Tierces Salt Beef, Cases Arrowroot Ext Beef, Linseed Meal, Milk, Mustard, Pepper, Kaislns, Soup and Bouili, Sago, Soap, Tea, sits Beans, Matse Meal, Kice, .Salt, Sugar, Garlic, Bbls Hari-jot Beans, Chicory, iiour, coansn. Oat Meal, OL;, Peas, Vinegar, Carbolic Powder, c, &c, tc. A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF Iron and Tinware, Mattresses. Pillows, Blankets, Sheets, Quilts, Towels and Table Napkins. A quantity of empty Barrel and Bags, 1 Cook Stove complete, ana Iron Boilers. 15 Tanks, each 400 gallons, i laua. 750 gallons. Also, one Normality's Condenser with Ilonkfy Engine. Filter, etc., and one Force Pump with Suction ami Delivery Hose, and one Superior Medicine CJiest, A nil one Snip's Boat., 24 feet long, 5.10 wide, and 2.3 deep. I.1WXS A LEVEY, Auctioneers. 472 Ju2 CONOVER BEOS'. 105 EAST 14TH ST., NEW YORK. fef'iLJv? The most artistic Upright Pianos ever produced, both for quality of tene and wonderful and elastic actions. The coming upright pianos of the world. Send for Illustrated catalogue, description and prices to F. W. NPEXCEIC CO., Pacific Coast Agents, 23 and 25 Fifth Street. SAN FRANCISCO. 475 tf&w Furniture, Bedding, VTD CARPETS, The Finest and Best Selection on tha Pacific Coast. All of Eastern and Foreign Make, and Latest Design. OFFERS AT LOW FIGURES. Jos. Fredericks & Co., 6io and cu Market st.. SAN FRANCISCO. 47S ap25fcw. 8. L. STANLKY. JOHH 8PBCANCK. dpriUlllCe. OliUllUJ VAJ., importers and jobbers oi Fine WHISKIES. WINES AND LIQUORS. 410 Front St., San Francisco. 473 tf PETER DALTON, MSTr Qi TC 111 St. Onca more solicits the patronage nd support f those who for twenty years knew and dealt with him Plain Talk Pays Always. Peter has for many years worked for and en deavored to please eTery class of the community from the highest in the land down to the humblest of the working classes, and he canaay that during that time he never made an enemy or lost a cus tomer. Now he has again put his hand to tba plow, and is as well able and willing to give honest work, good material, and ialr value for money s ever ret was done lu the Hawaiian Islands, lias always on hand Single- and Double Harness. Express Harness, Plantation Harness. Whips, Spars, Chamois, Sponges, Brushes. And everything: requisite for the Stable. 7"A fuU line of English and Sydney Saddles, Saddle Cloths, Blankets, etc., always in stock. What he has not got he can make. 298 my26d&w St. Matthew's Hall. SAN MATEO, CALIFORNIA. A SCHOOL, FOR BOYS. UNDER MILITARY DISCIPLINE. Located In the beautiful village of San Mateo, 1 on the Southern Pacific R. R., 21 miles from San I Francisco. Established in 1565. Fourteen ln i structors of reputation and ability. The buildings are extensive, are heated by steam, and are in : every way arranged for the health and comfort of : the cadets. Trinity bession Degan juiy n, ana me Easter Session will commence January o, issa. For further information and catalogue, Just out. address REV. ALFRED LEE BREWER, M. A 136 Jail '85-wja27 '85 Principal l X3n Mirror' ii GRAHAM PAPER COMPANY, St. Ixmls, Mo. Manufacture and Supply all kinds of Bosk. Xews, Flat aud Isabel Papers, Binder Boards, Twines, Etc. G. RICHARDSON, RESIDENT AGENT, SOS LeldesdorfT Street. Telephone No. 47. SAX FRANCISCO. X. B.Special Attention Riven to Large Contracts. 474 ti&w "CORDON KOTJGE" 6.W. MACFARLANE & CO., Cor. Fortfc Queen Sts., HOSOLULU, H. I. Sole Ageus for this Favorite Brand of on A.iiJPAGrisrj2:. 469 tf C. BIRKS & CO., 53 HIGH STREET. Peckliain, London, S. E. Colonial Merchants. Indents executed for all kinda of English and Continental Goods, againat UanK Credits or Produce, facilities for drawing against the latter. Agencies accepted at 2H er cent on net amount of manufacturer's invoices, including cash discounts varying from H to 3 per cent. Purchases in im porter's own name. Twenty years' buying experience for export. Reference: Continental Bank, 79 Lombard Street, E. C. 405 ap' OFFICE OF J. E. WISEMAN. ESTABLISHED IN 1879. DEPARTMENTS. kmploymknt AeKifT. LuK INSURANCE AABKT, Fikk Insurance Agkxi, Railroad Acext, a s v krtib i n a asejit, and gknbral Business Acknt. Aijbo, Ccstox Hott8e Broker, Money Bsoeis anb MOUSB BSOKSa. rSmnrH'c Firpnrnnt RuilHInor. 28 MERCHANT STREET- Telephone 173. P. O. Box 315. Honolulu H. I. WISEMAN. Buys and Sells Real Estate. WISEMAN Leases and Rents Property af aU kinds. WISEMAN Collects Rents. Pays and Discharges. Takes Insurances, and attends generally to Property Owners interests. e WISEMAN Is the only recognized Passenger Agent for the noted Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Route. WISEMAN; Attends to Custom House Business; Enters (iood-4, Discharges Freight and Duty Bills, and Delivers same. WJ9EMAN Finds Employment for all seeking work on the Islands. WISEMAN Attends to Books and Accounts; the Distribution of Quarterly Bills and collects tha same. WISEMAN Loans Money en good Real Estate Security. WISEMAN Insures your Life and protects you in Losses by Fire in the best Companies in the World. WTI8EMAN Is known to be the o.vlt standing General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands. WISEMAN Answers all Correspondence of every Business nature. WISEMAN Receives orders of every descrlpiton from the Various Islands, and attends to Shipments Promptly. WISEMAN 'S office is conducted on Sound Busi ness Principles, and all Patrons find hini Energetic and Attentive to their business wants. Give Wiseman a Call. 135-tf ( EXTRA DRY. W ANHEUSER-BUSCH BEEWBTG association. EXTRA FAMILY ST. LOTJTS LAGER BEER. Gold Medal and Premiums awarded Philadelphia, 1376; Paris, 1873; and Amsterdam, t8v MACFARLANE & CO., Kaahumanu Street, Honolulu, H. ! SOLE AGENTS FOR THIS -T EC Brunswick, THE MOST EXTENSIVE BILLIARD HOUSE IN THE WORLD. Manufacturers of Billiard and Pool Tables. Importers and Dealers in all kinds of Billiard Materials. Sole Agents for Hyatt Billiard Balls, which will Btand any climate. Ten Pins, Balls and Pina. Sporting Goods of all kinds. Sole Owners and Patentees of the unrivalled " MONARCH QUICK CUSHION." the best in the world for accuracy, correct angles and durability, and used exclusively for all Championship Games. 0 ffT-Send for Illustrated Catalogue and Price List.Q Office and Salesroom, 653 and 635 Market Street, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. :o: G. V. MACFARLANE &, 476 tf&W THE WHITE HOUSE. - :o: - MESSES. RAPHAEL WEILL & CO. Have the honor to announce to Hawaiian Islands that thoy are prepared to take Special Orders for all kinds of Merchandise in the DRY GOODS To be executed in Paris by their via San Francisco, in transit. We beg further to call their house, known all over the Pacific for to assure them that we will spare no patronage. All Orders Promptly Executed, and Samples sent on Application. - - N. W. Corner Kearny and Post Streets, SAN FEANOISCO. 447 ELEBUAT1 JIEER. 4?i tr E Balke-Collender Co. CO., Agents for the Hawaiian lalaud. their numerous customers of the buyers, and delivered in Honolulu, . attention to our long established its honorable dealings, and beg pains to continue to deserve their, -tor- :: ap23w