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THE DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
i THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF 8CBSCRIPTIOX, Per annum 00 tlx months - 5 00 Per month - - 1 00 Per week 25 CTSnberiptionst Payable alwajH in Advance. Communications from all part'i of tbe Kingdom will always be very acceptable. Persons residing in any part of the United States can remit the amount of subscription due by Post Office money order. Matter Intended for publication in tfee editorial Columns should be addressed to Editor Facotc Comxkbciai. Asvirtukr." Basin ess communications and advertisements sheuld be addressed almpiy P. C. AnvitSTiSKa." and net t individuals. MONDAY MARCH 16th. SPECIAL NOTICE. The public are hereby notified that Mr. John Brown Is no longer con nected with this office. Hereafter, payments are requested to be made only at the office, or to Mr. E. Norrie, who Is hereby authorized to collect all amounts due this Company since January 31, 1885. Ii. Montgomery Mather, Business Manager, P. C. Advertiser Company. Honolulu, March 9, 1835. THE CENTRAL ASIAN QUESTION. The budget of news published by the Advertiser on Saturday was ery full, and enabled our readers to comprehend the status of interna tional questions among the great Powers. The signs of the times are not pacific. They point to war in the not distant future. Just where the rapture will take f lace it is not easy to indicate, there being several very weak spots in international relations ; but it would not surprise us if Eng land and Russia should come into conflict over the Central Asiatic ques tlon. At latest dates the relations were very strained. Through Teheran news comes, of date March 2d, that the Russian frontier Commissioner, Mr. Melessar, had made such sweep ing demands that England cannot accept anything approaching them, and that the complete collapse of the delimitation project and the early advance of Russian troops towards Herat is expected. Next day it was telegraphed from London that Earl Granville, British Foreign Secretary, had effected an agreement with the Russian Government cn the Afghan frontier question, the final point being referred to the Anglo-Russian Commission. This point is the right of the Afghans to occupy Pehjdeh. This is just where the shoe pinches. The Russians have already advanced their outposts south of Puli Khoo loom to Zulfugar and Pehjdeh, thus . occupying the position which is to be dia by occupying Candahar, and or dered the construction of a military railroad through the Bolan Pass, via Quettah, to Candahar. Gladstone roused England against Tory aggres sions in Afghanistan, and succeeded to office. His first act was to with draw the troops from Candahar and stop railroad construction. He also left the Heratese question open. Meanwhile, Russia advanced by the valley of the Attruck, defeating the Tekke Turcomans, annexing their country, apd obtaining Merv by ces sion. This gave the Russians com mand of the road to Herat, and the latter once in its hands, Candahar alone stands between it and the plains of Southern India. Thus the imbecil lty or tne -Ldoerai uovernment may involve England in a costly and dai gerous war with Russia, which would not have happened if Earl Beacons- field's policy had beeii upheld. This involved British occupation of Herat as the advanced post of the defenses of India on the West, and a guarantee of Afghanistan independence. Lord Granville has sent a formal protest to Russia regarding the occu pation of Afghan territory by Russian troops. It is in the nature of an ulti matum. The Ameer of Afghanistan has ordered the road from Peshawur to Cabul repaired for the advance of an Indian army corps, and Earl Puf ferin, Governor-General of India, has been instructed to assure the Ameer that England will protect the integrity of his territory. Lord Duf ferin has gone to meet the Ameer, and the conference will be very im portant. The Devonshire regiment and the Seaforth Highlanders have been ordered to India. It may be added in this connection, that Prince Bismarck sides withlEng land on the Afghan frontier question, while the Russian press are insolent in their tone regarding the lowered prestige of England on the Nile, xsext mail irom san .traneisco may bring stirring news from the far East bat " Wkat has the Bible done for you ?" BETHEL CN'ION CHURCH. liie morning and evening services were held at this church as usual, E. C. Oggel, the minister, officiating. At the evening service the subject was The Fifth Utter ance of Christ from the Cross 'I Thirst.' " The preacher said: I observe that Christ uttered thia ex clamation only for the sake of fulfilling prophecy, and that Jesus Christ did His work upon the Cro33 with Ilis mental facul ties in full play. Here you behold One who sets Himself to the task of crushing the powers of darkness and achieving the world's deliverance, and He enters upon and com pletes the gigantic undertaking without the influence of the cup that inebriates. The itimulant that sustains Him is His undying love and devotion to the enduring interests of humanity, and His act in refusing the moral poison is a shining example to the young men of every age, with life before them, to take hold of work, and to cope with difficulties and disasters without the aid of the wine cup. For six thousand years strong drink has laid its victims low. In the form of an angel of light, and offered by jeweled fingers, the tempter has brought down from the high pinnacle of manhood and self-respect, to such depths of degrada tion that they would gladly have exchanged places with the reptile that crawled in the dust at their feet. In the name of God, I entreat all to let the intoxicating cup alone. The Savior endured thirst that our thirst might be quenched. If you listen you can still hear this cry of Jesus, " I thirst," in His needy and suffering members. A meeting was announced of the W. C. T. 17. at the Y. M. C. A. Hall, on Thursday, at 2:30 o'clock p.m., and all the ladies earnestly invited to attend. FORTIETH A.ISTISrXJJLI, REPORT O F T II E SEW YOKE LIFE INSURANCE Oilice CO. 'os. 34G and 31S BROADWAY, Xew York. JANUARY 1, 1885. U&crlisrnunts. :o:- A mount of Net Cash Assets, January I, 1384 Ileveune ..$53,477 S49 59 Account. Premiums - - $11,913,898 22 Less deferred premiums, Jannary 1, 18S4 645,047 46 $11,203,850 76 Interest, including: rents 3,33J,s96 73 Less Interest accrued January 1, 1384 . 362,272 15- 2,971,624 63 14,210,475 39 $57,713,325 23 We have received congratulations on all sides regarding our supplement of foreign news and comments issued 1 1 J 1 A -m- . m wun &aiuraay's advertiser, it is our purpose to publish a complete budget of news after the arrival of every steamer, so that subscribers to the Advertiser may have an oppor. tunity of keeping abreast of the world's news without wading through a heap of foreign newspapers to get at the details. We shall do the work of compilation and arrangement for our readers, thus saving them much time and not a little trouble. Although we published a large extra edition on Saturday, the supply was soon ex hausted. Our weekly edition to morrow will contain the entire for eign news. The inauguration pageant at Washington, on March 4th, as re ported by the Advertiser, was remarkable attestation of the vitality of Republican institution? :,,1 United States. The vea?"in the ijeople inaug- 2,257,175 79 873, SOS 50 3,603,970 85 469,052 20 257.S50 65 1.943.S37 21 471,601 63 9,882,326 63 $57,335,993 45 Disbursemcut Account. Losses, by death, Including reversionary addition to same Endowments, matured and discounted, including reversionary additions to same Annuities, dividends and purchased policies - Total Paid Policy-holders $6,734,955 14 Contingent Fund (charged off on securities) Taxes and re-issuances...- Coinmlssslons, brokerages, agency expenses and physicians' fees Office and law expenses, salaries, advertising, printing, etc Assets. Cash in bank, on hand, and in transit (since received) $2,222,342 52 Invested in United (States, New York City and other stocks and bonds (market value, $27,743,223 05) 26.2U5.467 93 Real Estate 5,52u,656 63 Bonds and mortgages, first lien ou real estate (buildings thereon Insured tor fi9,ooo,uoo ou, ana tne policies assigueu to tne company as addi tional collateral security) 21,116,430 00 Temporary Loans (secured by stocks, market value $414,801 00) 370,000 00 ''Loans on existing policies (tne reserve neia Dy tne company on these policies amount to over $-',000,000 00 ) 440,067 12 Quarterly and semi-annual premiums on existing policies, due subse quent to January 1, 1885 795.323 -00 Premiums on existing policies In course of transmission and collection 540,316 19 Agents' balances 74,886 30 Accrued Interest 011 investments, January 1, 1885 460,507 76 $57,835,998 45 Market value of securities over cost ou Company's books l'.447.755 12 Cash assets, January 1, 1885 An undertaker was seen to enter an up town roller-skating rink and gaze quietly about him. "Well, Mr. Mound," said the proprietor of the establishment, "what do you think of the new popular sport ? Rather a gay scene, is it not ?'' Mr. Mound made no reply, but he pressed the proprietor's hand warmly, and departed with an elastic step. Appropriated as follows: Adjusted losses, due subsequent to January 1, 1885 ... $362,090 82 Reported losses, awaiting proof, etc 253,007 52 Matured endowments due and unpaid (claims not presented) 51.383 05 Annuities due and unpaid (uncalled for) 12,681 99 Reserved for re-insurance on existing policies ; participating Insurance at 4 per cent Carlisle net premium ; non-participating at 5 per cent Car lisle net premium 51.582 392 00 Reserve for contingent liabilities to Tontine Dividend Fund, Januaiy 1, 1834, over and above a 4 per cent reserve on existing policies of that class. $2,236,096 04 Addition to the Fund during 1884 for surplus and matured re serves 871,193 04 $59,283,753 57 Deduct ; $3,107,289 08 Returned to Tontine policy-holders during the year ou ma tured Tontines 473,492 38 Balance of Tontine Fund January 1, 1885 2,633,796 70 iieserveu ior premiums paiu iu auvance 17 386 59 The Chief of the Ojibway tribe of In dians has arrived in Liondon. lie is an ordained clergyman of the Church of Eng land, and has been a missionary of the Colonial and Continental Church Society for over twenty-one years. The Chiefs name is Ku Henry Pahtahquahong Chase. $54,912,733 67 uivisiuie surplus ui 1 per ceui ivuiubii; s ouiuuurui j 3-1 ni, qa Surplus by the New York State Standard at 4 per cent, estimated at $l0,00o)ooo 00 From the undivided surplus of $4,371,014 00 the Board of Trustees has derlarpd a TiirArinnnrtT dividend to participating policies in proportion to their contribution to surplus, available on settlement 01 next annual premium Number of Policies in force. f 1880. 11.731.721. Death- 1881, 2,013,203. claims i 1832, 1,955,292. paid. 1883 , 2,263,092. J 1834, 2,257,175. Jan. 1, 1881, 48,548. Jan. 1, 1882, 53,927. Amount Jan. 1, 1863, 60,150. Jan. 1, 1884, 69,227. at risk. Jan. 1. 1885,78,047. "1880, $2,317,889 Income 1881, 2,432,654, from 1882, 2,798,018 Interest, f 1883, 2.712,863. I 1834, 2,971,624. Jan. 1, 1881, $135,726,916. f Jan Jan. 1,1881', 151,760,824. Cash Jan. 1, 1883, 171,415,097. Jan. 1, 1884, 198,746.043. Assets. Jan. 1, 1885, 229,382,586. 1, 1881. $43,183,934 Jan. 1, 1882, 47,228,781 Jan. 1, 1883, 50,800,396 Jan. 1, 1884, 5,542,902 Jan. 1, 1885, 59.283.753 During: tne year, 17,463 policies have been issued, insuring goi, IS 1,530. Valuable Ileal Estate A detailed schedule of these items will accompany the usual annual report filed with the Insurance Department 01 me state 01 aew 1 or. -AND- 587 mchll-dlw-2tw C. O. BERGER, Honolulu, General Agent Hawaiian Islands. HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE AT AUCTION. . 1.1 - greof ueaJrfiAv President, and the - fwC'party of war and abolition the subject of a conference. Kypvj which ruled the country for a quarter of a century retired from office without the faintest show of opposition. There is no disputed succession, no court revolutions or conspiracies in the United States, to disturb civil or der, or convulse the country. When great principles are at stake Ameri cans fight, but not otherwise. ona having any knowleder -ry understands what tbiTi8ot affairs sia will nofndafc means. Rus-naturcnh&- retire. The critical DV Ma of the situation was admitted j1 the Secretary of State for India rin the House of Lords, on March 3d, in reply to the Marquis of Salisbury. He had no hesitation in saying that the Russian outposts were within Afghan territory, and that they form a considerable advance in the direc tion of Herat." "Does the whole question of peace or war between England and Russia depend upon a chance squabble between Afghan and Russian outposts?" asked the Mar quis of Lothain, to which Lord Gran ville declined to reply without notice. It will be seen, therefore, that af fairs are in a very critical state, and that war between Russia and Eng land over the Central Asian question is almost inevitable. Russia has systematically lied to and deceived England for the past fifteen years re garding its aggressive policy in Cen tral Asia. When General MuraviefF began his forward movement against the JKhanates the late Czar expressed his disapprobation, and Prince Gorts- chakoflF gave assurance that Russia did not want to extend its possessions in Asia: but the Khanates were ab sorbed notwithstanding, Then followed Russian intrigues at Cabul, the defection of Shere Ali, and his death on a mission to the Russian Governor General. A war of sue cession followed, varied by the mas sacre of the British Legation at narni thn deposition of the new Ameer, Yakhob Khan, and his inten ment in British India. Ayou Khan, a brother of the deposed Ameer, i fhfi standard of rebellion at Herat, and advanced upon Candahar, disputing the throne with his uncle, the reigning Ameer. Ayou, it will be remembered, crushed an English force near Candahar, and cooped up the English garrison in the citadel. General Roberts thereupon cut loose from Cabul, and marched the entire distance between the two points in midsummer, without the loss of a man, carrying supplies and every drop of water the troops consumed, and within two hours of sighting the enemy he had whipped them, while Ayou Khan was a fugitive for Persia Lord Beaconsfield thereupon estab lished a "scientific frontier" for In We have received instructions from MR. C. II. WOOLMINGTON to offer at public auction, On Thursday, March " 19th, At 10 o'clock a. m., ou the premises, his handsome resident" ,ect, on Puuahon Street, ' between the residences of B. F. Dillingham ana Dr. Whitney, consisting or seven rooms oesiues kitchen and pantry, coach house, stable with stalls for two horses, servants' cottage, and bath and wash rooms outside. ALSO, will be sold immediately after the sale of h nrnmrtv tha whole oi tne superior ttuu elegant llOUSEHOLn FURXITITRE, PETER DALTON, jSTo. 91 Kiiaa- St. Once more solicits the patronage and support of those who for twenty years knew hi"1. i null mm. AUSTRALIAN Canned Reef! For Sale By IT. HACKFELD & CO. 582-marl3 . , L. 13. K EER, MERCHANT TAILOR, GAZETTE BUILDING, lias Jnt Returned from F.iiroiw WITH A LARGE STOCK OF New Goods and Materials Of the Latest Styles and Patterns, Which he is Prepared to Make up in the L A.TES T FASHION AND FOU TUK- LOWEST PRICES POSSIBLE. S33 my II He paweth strength ; mocketh in the valley, and rejoiceth in his he goeth on to meet armed men ; he at fear, and is not affrighted, neither turneth he hack from the sword Holy Writ. :o:- HORSE-BREAKING. (continued.) By C. B. MILES. am Talk Pays Always. SABBATH SERVICES. Pulpit Ministrations in the Christian Churches. At the Fort street Church yesterday the subject of the morning sermon was "The Sermon on the Mount." Announcements were made of the meeting of the Young Peoples' Christian Temperance Union on Tuesday evening; prayer meeting, Wednes day evening; topic : "Difficulties and How to Meet Them;" Womena Christian Temper ance Union at 2:30 p. sc. .Thursday, and at 7:30 p. M. social of Society of Christian En deavor, at J. A. Hopper's ; stranger's social on Friday evening. Inthe evening the sermon was from the tTt. Evorv Scrmture InsDired of uoa is Profitable for Teaching," etc., 2 Tim. 3:16. fin this anbiect Pastor Cruzan said: The sign of this age is the interrogation point. Men used to take things for granted, or on faith. Novr, everything is brought to the test is sifted as wheat, and the chaff is burned. It is a grand age in which to live Shams go to the wall. The real, the true " the fittest" survive. And this Bible is not exempt. It asks no exemption. Men are jesting it now as never before, and its friends rejoice. Let it be sifted. If it is not whea we want to know it. Cast it into your cru cibles and try it by fire. If it is not the pure gold let it burn up. What is the object of the Bible? It is man's guide book for this life and to Ileaven. Ho needs it. With out it life is a marvel; death is a leap into the darkness, God i3 a mystery, conscience a terror, and the future a blank. The Bible "fits" man as the glove fits the hand, as the key " fits " the watch. Is the Bible in spired? No, but the men who wrote it were. Professor Park's definition of in spiration is a good one, viz : " Such an in fluence over the writers of the Bible that all their teachings which have a religious char acter are trustworthy." Prove, if you can, that much of the history of the Bible is tradition and legend you do not impair its worth or trustworthiness. The true value of the Bible is its its medicating power. He who comes to it as a critic, or as a theo logian, or as a creed-maker only, knows but little about it. It is a fountain of cleansing. Here the vilest may wash and be clean. The practical question for each one is not j "What do vou believe about the Bible ?" Comprising Elegant Parlor feet, m itaw UPRIGHT PIANO, Sillc, By Hemme fe Long, San Francisco; Superior Ax. minster f-amt. Kues. Marble Top Tables, En- rravings, Large Center Double Upholstered Chair, r ... . - ii ii, t l. n.QA TI w CAAfo. in gold ana piusn; x. v . nuu. -om, u. . " tary, B. w. Clock", is. v. tearoom oei, II. W. CHEFFOXIER, Ash Cheffonler. Dining Table and Chairs, B. W. Wardrobe, Mosquito .Nets, l.anips, xseu iouiib?, Cornices and Curtains, Single Bedsteads, Matting, Cook Stove, Utensils, Ktc. LYOXS Jfc 593 -It LEVEY, Auctioneers. DIVIDEND NOTICE. Peter has for many years worked for and en deavored to please every class of the community from the highest iu the land down to the humblest of the working classes, and be can say that during that time he never made an enemy or lost a cus tomer. Now he has again put lus nana to tne plow, and Is as well able and willing to give honest work, good material, and lair value for money w ever yet was done In the Hawaiian Islands. Has always on hand Single and Double Harness, Express Harness. Plantation Harness, Whips. Spurs, Chamois, Sponges, Brushes, And everything: requisite for the Stable. te7A full line of English and Sydney Saddles, Saddle Cloths, Blankets, etc., always in stock. What he has not gotjhe can make. 290 my20-dfew Assignee's Notice. The undersigned has been appointed assignee of the estate of C. Williams of Uamakua, Hawaii, a bankrupt. All persons owing said estate are hereby notified to make Immediate payment to me at my office in Honolulu, or to D. L. sanford at Hamakua, Hawaii. W. C. PARKE, Honolulu, March 10, 1SS5. Assignee. 584 mar-18 OFFICE OF J. E. WISEMAN. ESTABLISHED 1879 k TlTVInKN Ii (IK 'rjliilLH. DULliAiVO i rk i share will be paid to the stockholders of vat a plantation, on juarca Hin, Bl me nt Mssrs. Castle & Cooke, agents iu Hono lulu. E. ii. WALJsii, rreasurer. March 14, 1383. &mi qjtdtwn LIME! LIME! Just Received Ex EUEEKA: For Sale By H. HACKFELD & CO. DEPARTMENTS. 581 mar-13 BROGUE & SPEAE, and Importing jew 75 FORT ST. HONOLULU H. W. SEVERANCE, f auutactnring 1. elers. 404-wtf H' Pneumatico-Aerostatic " LETTER PRESS. Warranted to squeeze quarterly accounts from any one. For saleat 590 mch!5 J. M. OAT, JR., & CO.'s. AVERY & PALMER, General Business and Real Estate Agents. Prompt Attention given to Collections. Office, Xo. 66 Fort Street, Honolulu. 589 tf A Beautiful Seaside Resort. KuriXTKK.VT A8EKT, LlFK INSURANCE AGENT Firjc Insurance Agent, Railroad Asest, Advertising Aoknt, and Gknkral business asknt. also, custom House Broker Money Broker and house broker. Campbell's Fireproof Building, 28 MERCHANT STREET. Honolulu H. I. Buys and Sells Real Estate. Telephone 173. 1. . Box 315. Merchant, 316 California Street, San Francis co, California. iNQ. . wn-w u F. A. SCHAEFER & CO., Importers Commission Merchants HONOLULU, H. I. 407 -w tf M RS. A. F. MORRIS TAKES PLEASLHt in announcing that she has leased tne R In the E. S. CTJNHA, etall M ine Dealer, Union Saloon, rear of the Hawaiian Gazette So. 23 Merchant Street. Building, 99-wU M. McINERNY, Importer and Dealer in Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Huts, Caps, Jewelry, Perfumery, Pocket Cutlery, aud every description of Gent's Superior Furnishing Goods. .uenKeri s ine Calf Dress Boots, always on hand. 'C. v.. corner Fort a Merchant Sts. 415-wtf C. GERTZ, IMPORTER AND DEALER IN Boots & Shoes, ALSO French Dressing. n fin. Fort Street. Honolulu. 403 w Beautiful Seaside Residence Of Mr. Allen Herbert, at WAIKIKI, Honolulu's famous summer resort, and Is prepared to accom modate parties desirous of enjoying the balmy air unsurpassed sea-bathing, and tropical rest ana quiet of this charming place. Every facility Is offered for the perfect enjoyment of this ideal watering place. By special arrangement Doaa-s line of 'busses will take passengers to the entrance to the place, when two or more offer. For terms, tc, apply to Mr. H. Condon, telephone No. 302, Queen street, Honolulu, or to the undersigned, at the residence. MBS. A. F. MORRIS, Waikiki Telephone, No. 257. Lessee. 673 d&wtf NOTICE. All persons having any claims against MR. HENRY CORN WELL are requested to present the same on or before April 1st proximo, at my office in Waikapu, Maul. WM. H. CORN WELL. March 6, 18S5. 5" l1 WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN Leases and kinds. Rents Property of all Collects Rents. Pays and Discharges. Takes Insurances, aud attends generally to Property Owners' interests. Is the only recognized Passenger Agent for tbe noted Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Route. Attends to Custom House Business; Enters Goods, Discharges Freight and Duty Bills, and Delivers same. Finds Employment for all seeking work ou tbe Islands. Attends to Books and Accounts; the Distribution of Quarterly urns and collects the same. :o: Iloxy to Break a Colt. If you ask a man engaged in the business the above question, and he answers you truthfully, nine out of ten will tell you, when you commence on a colt, that the very lirst thing you must impress upon his mind is that you are his master ; that it ia business to submit to your will ; that you must break up all his stubbornness right away on the start, and also make him afraid of you, bo that he will not dare to do anything he may think you do not want him to do, even if you have to be severe with him at times. Now, while I am not going to say that this is not the best plan of educating tt young horse, I will say that it is' not the plan that I have always practiced J and furthermore, I will Bay to anyone, either professional or non-professional, that in handling your colt, if you will use persuasion instead of coercion, and try aud make his first lessons a pleasure to him instead of a task, and induce, instead of compelling him to submit to your wishes, '.hat I will stake my existence that you will soon find your colt studying the same practice as yourself of trying to please you, and make your work as much a pleasure as it is possible for him to do. DuTing"iijast.few years there has been great advancement made in horse-breaking, aa well in in rvrrythinc fluo Trmrrniia imiJafl-f IJH"1'""1 teaching half a century ago as compared with the plan of the present day. I weTTTIeTrttfeliTarrnj the way, when ne went to scnooi, mat tne teacuer auopteu ior correction, ne nau long birch whips, brought in by the armful, and thrust them into the fire and partially roasted them to make them tough a common uiicn whip without being toughened in the above manner being considered by no means effective enough for correcting the ordiuary roys- terinjr schoolboy. .Now, we only think of the above plan oi education at the presont time to smile at, men having learned that milder means are more effective and lasting. The same measure of advancement has been made in the handling or colts. I he old method of breaking in a colt meant a season s hard work at the plow, and other modes of heavy pulling in the field before he could be trusted to assist in taking the family to church on a Sunday. .Nowadays, witn tne advancement tnai nas oecn maoe in mo methods of handling! we are able to learn a colt more in the way he should go in a few weeks than he could acquire in the old way in as many months. Some years since the Rev. Wm. II. II. Murray, an eminent divine of Boston, wroto a very elaborate work entitled "The Terfect Horse," in which he devoted a very long chap ter, covering about seventy-five pages, to the abore mentioned subject, "How to Train a Colt." The work throughout was very interesting and instructive, and one desiring it can obtain it from me to read. The reverend gentleman (who was, by the way, a class mate of our Chief Justice at Yale College) seems to understand the subject very well, and I think that his plan would work well enough on a colt that had been brought up in a one-of-the-family sort of way, and one that can toll you by hia actioni, almost aa plain as if ho could talk, that if you do not want your toes trod upon you must get out of the way when he comes along. Even then I think it would taka about a year to break one colt by going through all of the different modes thai he recom mends. But life is too short for me to practice any such system, as I would probably have about twenty wild colts broken and turned over to tlicir respective owners by tha time that he would have given hi3 colt about two lessons, and yet I would be just as kind with mine as ho would be to his. The usual plan that horse-breakers adopt is to have their vehicles and harnesses made about two or three times as heavy and strong as are used for broke horses, so that after being hitched up their colts can kick, run, rear and plunge, aud throw themselves down without being able to do any damage by breakage, and after fighting it out with them for a few days, or weeks, perhaps, they finally, if they are not of too rebellious a disposition, become accustomed to the use of the harness, and after a few months of service, become tolerablv well broken. Now, this plan seems to me very much the same as it would be to send a policeman after a prisoner without allowing him to have any weapons to capture him with, telling him that he must overpower him by main strength and awkwardness. My plan i3 never to hitch a colt up until the fear is all out of him, after which I find an ordinary cart and harness quite sufficient; and as to kick straps, I never use them un less it is on an inveterate kicker, as I have never had a colt kick in harness yet that I wi breaking. Yearlings can bo broken in with perfect safety, as at that age they very readily submit to the guiding process, and are always afterwards safe and reliable. The piactise of breaking yearlings to single and double harness has long been in voguo all over the States, and the results have been so satisfactory that at present, in all of the largo breed ing establishments, the weanling colts -are being regularly -broken in with the same satisfactory results. I have now on hand at my headquarters, corner of Queen and Tunchbowl streets, twelve head of colt3, from yearlings to mature ac;e. Some of them I have only had two weeks, and I will drive any of them single or double to a top buggy without blinds; and I will also ride any of them without saddle, bridle, halter, strap, or string even, and carry a large carriage umbrella over them at the same tin And I will do the same thing with any horse that any one may bring me in the same time, or else not charge a cent, as 1 am ready and willing to take all chances of failure. Of course, I do not consider them broken at this stage of development, as it takes considerable time to perfect them in the way of going on the road, and to familiarize them with objects that they meet; but at tiio same time I think that it is carrying them along pretty fast in their education, and that hpv are on the risrht track for becoming safe, irentle and obedient family horsei, which is surely just what every one wishes their colts to become. I also think that some of them are better broke already than a great man' horses that have been worked a year or more in our streets. I notice, too, that my colts shy much lens now in passing heavy loaded drays, etc., than many horses that look as though they had been at work for yearn and years in the carriages. Iieppectfullv, " O. 13. MILKS, Practical Horse Breaker. Honolulu, March 11, 1883. 525-apr 1 Loans Money Security. on good Real Estate Insures your Life and protects you in Losses by Fire la the best Companies iu tbe World. Is known to be the only standing General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands. Answers all Correspondence of every Business nature. Receives orders of every descrlpiton from the Various Islands, and attends to Shipments Promptly. 'S office Is conducted ou Souud Busi ness Principles, and all Patrons And him Energetic and Attentive to their business wants. Give Wiseman a Cay 393-tf PACIFIC HARDWARE . COMPAM (LIlITJiD), Successors to Dillinyham & Co. and Samuel Nolt. IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Hardware, Agricultural Jinjdeiiieiits, Stoves, Itanges ami Tinware, House Furnishing Goods and GrEiSTERVL MERCHANDISE. :o: The combined stock of the two firms gives us a very full and complete line of goods, at lowest market rates. All orders tent to the undersigned, or to Mr. Samuel Nott for specialties in the clas3 of goods formerly sold by him, will at present receive personal attention and supervision. 56Sap5 PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY. t 4 K o .... r v.