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THE DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF Sl'BSCBirTIOX, Fax annum ............... W Uix months...... Per month .. 1 0 Per week 0 25 9Sabscrlptloiis Payable always In Adranee. Communications from all parts of the Kingdom will always be Tory acceptable. Persons residing in any part of the United States can remit the amount of subscription due by Post Office money order, Matter Intended for publication In tbe editorial columns should be addressed to Kcrroa Pacific Cokmkbvoial Apvwzisbk." Business communications and advertisements abeuld be addressed simply "P. C. Adykbtiser." and not to individuals. SATURDAY MARCH 21st. WATER AND DRAINAGE. The Mauritius was at one time the sanitarium of tbe Indian ocean. It is now a fever pen, avoided like a pes tilence. The cause of this radical change in the conditions of life there was a total disregard of all sanitary laws. It was a gradual change, but it was none the less a sweeping and permanent one. Sir George Bowen, who was lately Governor of Mauri tius, did something towards improv ing sanitary conditions by extensive tree-planting, holding to the theory that malaria is destroyed by the growth of trees ; but the soil had been so thoroughly saturated with sewage that very little improvement is per ceptible. Now, it must occur to every intel ligent person that similar conditions exist in Honolulu, and that in time these will produce similar results. We need a comprehensive drainage and water system for Honolulu, and the sooner property-owners realize this necessity the better will it be tot their own permanent interests. There is no reason why Honolulu should not become the sanitarium of the North Pacific. It may be made the winter resort of hundreds of opulent families from the Eastern States who now risk the fever and ague of Florida, rather than pass the winter months among the snow and ice and tempests of their homes. Southern California, with its orange groves, its vineyards, and wealth of orchard and flowers, attracts many Eastern people. But these islands might be made so attractive to tour ists that they would continue their Journey hither from the Coast, and winter among us. To that end we must pave, drain and light our streets, and provide an unfailing water sap- ply. This is the very first thing that should be done. It will prove to be a paying investment. And unless it be done, anything like marked pro gress will be Impossible. Property values will certainly not increase, because the investing public will have no special inducements. But If travel were largely increased in the direction indicated, to say nothing of tourists from Australia and Europe, there would be a growing demand for city property, values would increase, and trade and industry be stimulated. We submit, therefore, that no time should be lost in inaugurating a com prehensive scheme of drainage and water supply. Ways and means should be considered when the plans are approved. There should be no difficulty in raising the money needed for the permanent improvement of the city and providing for the pay ment of interest thereon. Doubtless our funds are limited, but if most of the purely ornamental expenditures were curtailed, there would be money available for absolutely necessary im provements, which drainage and a water supply most certainly are. AUSTRALIAN COMMERCIAL POLICY. An important step has been taken by the Australian colonies, which it is proper our producing classes and business men should understand. After long and persistent effort on the part of the Colonies, the Imperial Government introduced a bill in Par liament enabling the Australian gov ernments te establish a customs union. The "most favored nation clause " in all treaties England had negotiated with foreign powers, in cludes the Colonies and Colonial de pendences of the Crown, with the single exception of its treaty with China. It was therefore impossible for the Colonies to discriminate against the products .of any foreign power having treaty relations with the United Kingdom, in favor of in tercolonial trade. The Imperial au thorities were very reluctant to relax their control of the Australian trade in this regard, but the Colonies ulti mately became too strong for the leading-strings of Downing street,and the bill referred to passed. The Colonies now enjoy the right of establishing intercolonial free trade if they please, aud Victoria and Tas mania have already agreed upon a uniform tariff. Their example will be generally followed, no doubt. The result will be that manufacturing in dustries will be established and Aus tralasia should soon be self-sustaining. This is a very serious business for England, and may give strength to the "fair trade " party, which has lately been gaining headway in the United Kingdom. While British manufacturers dominated the colonial trade everything went smoothly, and the doctrine of absolute free trade was on top; but now that the Colonies are beginning to discriminate in favor of home industry and trade, it is safe to predict that the commercial policy of England will undergo a radical change. Australia and New Zealand should be available markets for much of our produce, more especially rice and coffee, and we have little doubt that preference would be given to Ha waiian products if an effort were made to place them there. This is a point which should not be overlooked. The wider the range of our expoits and the broader the consuming mar ket, the better it will be. We com mend this subject to the considera tion of our merchants, in tbe hope that a sustained attempt will be made to develop our Australasian trade. LADIES' COLUMN. Compiled From Leadline American Papers. u LIVK FOB SOMKTHIJS'Q." Live for something ; be not Idle, Look about then for employ ; Sit not down to useless dreaming:, Labor is the sweetest Jey. Folded hands are ever weary, Selfish hearts are never gay ; Life for thee hath many duties Active be, then, while you may. Scatter blessings in your pathway Gentle words and cheering smiles ; Better far than gold and silver. Are their grief-dispelling wiles. As the pleasant sunshine falleth Ever on tbe grateful earth, So let sympathy and kindness Gladden well the darkened hearth. Hearts that are oppressed and weary, Drop the tear of sympathy ; Whisper words of hope and comfort, Give, and thy reward shall be, Joy unto the soul returning, From the perfect fountain-head : Freely as thou freely givest, Khali the grateful light be shed. More trained and decollete dresses aie worn thi3 year than have appeared in 'many seasons past. Girlish and pretty toilets are made of shot or pompadour silk, with bouffant overdress of tulle matched to one of the shades of the changeable silk, or to the color of the gay figures in the floral, patterned fabric. Velvet bretellea of the same shade are worn over the shoulders, and at the side is fastened a mouchoir pouch of similar rich material. Among a handsome array of dancing and reception toilets recently exhibited in New York, were several lace-flounced silk skirts, with Dolly Varden over-dresses and corsages. These were very attractive and the designs charming cream grounds with pale pink roses, bebe blue, sprinkled with tea bud3, and white foundations brocaded with fine flowers, multi-colored; all harmonious, rich in effect, and pleas ing to the eye. Buttercup yellow satin makes a beauti ful evening toilet, as under the gaslight it is delicate, sheeny gold. This dress, however, must be carefully only a brilliant brunette or fair" woman could safely adopt it. chosen, for a "divinely Tenture to A very pretty ball dress, shown at a fashionable importing house in New York, was made of a rich shade of garnet satin, veiled with tulle of a deeper shade, the tulle being liberally besprinkled with beads to correspond. The front of the dress, which was made of the satin alone, was emoroiaerea witn garnet beads in a heavy design of flowers and leaves. The corsage was cut away square in front, and bordered with embroidery, and bands of the same formed epaulettes over the shoulders, these answering for sleeves. Garnet hairpins and other ornaments were to be worn with this toilet. The shade of garnet is growing in favor, being preferred by many to the more vivid shades of red. The color is becoming to fair and dark women alike, in which respect it differs from most colors Several very valuable India shawls have been worn at hig'h-class weddings lately, and on each occasion they were draped in the old-fashioned manner, with the points falling low on the back of the skirt. SOTAXi maeeixges. The betrothal of Princess Beatrice of England to Prince Henry of Battenburg, a son of the uncle of the Grand Duke of Hesse bv a morganatic marriage, has caused considerable surprise in England. The Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh disapprove of the match, as they did of their royal mother's endeavor to marry their sister to the Grand Duke Louis of Hesse, husband of her deceased sister, Princess Alice, despite his wedding Madame de Kaloumie. Prince Henry of Battenburg is a Lieu tenant in the German army, and reputed a great favorite at the Court of Berlin, where his betrothal to the sister of the Crown Princess has caused great satisfac tion. He is brother of the Prince of Bui garia, and also younger brother of the husband of her niece, the Princess Vic toria of Hesse, who was mariied last year at Darmstadt. The Queen attaches one condition to the marriage, namely, that the royal pair shall reside constantly with her. She cannot bear to be separated from Princess Beatrice. It is to be hoped the projected union will be more auspicious than some of the royal unions lately contracted. The Princess Elizabeth of Hesse, daughter of the late Princess Alice, who was married just after her sister with such pomp at St. Jeters burg just a year ago to the Grand Duke Sereins of Russia, brother of the Czar, is said to be most unhappy, and di vorce is even talked of. The Princes" was ambitious, and Laving endured gen teel poverty so long at home, determined to make a rich and distinguished mar riage, but it was understood she sacrificed her heart to her ambition, and not un likely consequences have followed. The Queen has not always been success ful as a match-maker. The relations be tween the Marquis of Lome and his wife are of the flimsiest character. This was generally recognized during Lord Lome's residence in Canada. And now that the Governorship of New South Wales is on offer to him, to succeed Lord Loftus, his royal wife objects. At home hi3 position is inferior; as a Colonial Governor he takes precedence, representing the Sovereign, and this change from first to second place is not agreeable to Princess Douiso. Miss Mary, the little daughter of the Sur veyor General, Professor W. D. Alexander, met with a painful and serious accident last Thursdav. While gathering guavas the lit tle girl stepped on a dead branch, which broke under her weight, and she fell to the ground, breaking her left arm near the wrist and dislocating some of the wrist bones, besides twisting the arm. Dr. Em erson was called in, and after administering ether, reduced the fracture and dislocation, and at last reports the young sufferer was quite comfortable. Jlcto frii5iiiurii Wanted to Purchase, BY J. M. OAT, JR., & CO., The following No.'s of the Daily Bulletin : April 30, 1881. Aug. 28, 1S84. Jan. 31, 1883. Sept. 18, 1883. Sept. 23, 1883. Oct. 23, 1S83. Oct. 25, 1S83. Oct. 30, 1883. Oct. 31, 1883. Nov. 1, 1883. Dec. 5, 1S83. Dec. 23, 1882. 4 lw Emerson s Great Farewell TO-NIGHT ! This Saturday Evening. KESERVBD SEATS put down to only $1. Balcony, 75 cents. Galleiy, 50 cents. jSTo Season Tickets. Go and hear the Great Emerson Com bination to-night. The last night. Crowded nightly. MATINEE THIS AFTERNOON. Get your seats at Wiseman's. 5 A SELECT STOCK. THE LATEST YET. Xotliiiig- Like This Jn tbe Market- Call aud Examine for Yourself. The steamer tCMAEIPOSA," On her last trip, brought to these Islands the best selected stock of Ladies', Children's and JMen's ware in the BOOT, SHOE -AND- SLIPPER Line ever brought to this market. MR. P. McINERNY Will open on Saturday, March 21st, a store next to Lycau & Co.'s, Fort street, where the above stock can be seen. Tills larjre stock has been selected with (rreat care and bought FOE CASH, And will be sold at living: rates. Everything: that belongs to a flrst class Boot and Shoe Store can be found here. &-Remeniber the place: Fort st., next door to Lycan & Co. P. McINEltNY. mar20-l tf NOTICE. All persons having any claims against MR. HENRV COEXWELL are requested to present the Bame ou or before April 1st proximo, at my office In Waikapu, Maui. WM. II . CORNWELL. March 6, 1335. S"3 td E. O. HALL & SOX (Limited), Have just received from Boston, ex. steam liarkentine MORXIXO STAR, aftd by other Lite arrivals, the following:, viz: IOW'EBS KEROSENE OIL BOSTON CARD MATCHES, HCXTS II'DID AXES, HINT'S HATCHETS (All Kinds, . NORWAEK LOCliS, ICE CREAM FREEZERS, itEFRIGEBATORS. EBASITE SOAP, YELLOW L4UXDRT SOAP, Stoyes an! Ranges OF ALL SIZES. And Kitchen Furniture Of Every Description. Iron, Granite Ware, Wire Cloth (all sizes;., Cotton Waste, Tacking, all kinds, AXLE GREASE. Also, Neat's Foot Just to hand, a new lot of Hall's Celebrated Plows aud Breaker, and about two hundred pairs of Plow Handles of all sizes. Plow Beams. All kiuds of Agricultural A Fine Stock of Shelf Hardware Constantly on Hand. We make a specialty of filling orders for country stores and plantations, aud with our superior facilities and long experience, can do so with the All our Cioods are of tbe Best Quality, IE. O. HALL & SON. REMOVAL. : FRANK GERTZ : Has removed his fine stock of ' BOOTS AND SHOES : To the store on Fort street formerly: j occupied by : : Mrs. Wilkinson. 585-niar 16 12t OFFICE OF J. E. WISEMAN. ESTABLISHED IN 1879. DEPARTMENTS. fc,MPIXYMKfT ASKXT. I.1FK INSURANCE AOKNT, Firk Insurance Agent, Railroad aoknt, Advertisino Agent, and General Business Agent. Ausso, Custom House Broker Money Broker and house broker. Campbell's Fireproof Building, 28 MERCHANJ STREET. JTSfKsViSf- Honolulu H. I. WISEMAN Buys and Sells Real Katate WISEMAN Leases and Rents Property of all kinds. WISEMAN ICollecta Rents. Pays and Discharges. Takes Insurances, ana attends generally to Property Owners interests. WISEMAN Is the only recognized Passenger Agent for the noted cnicago, Burlington and Quincy Route. WISEMAN lAttends to Custom House Business; Enters Goods, Discharges t reignt and Duty Bills, and Delivers same. WISEMAN Finds Employment for all seeking work on the Islands. WISEMAN Attends to Books and Accounts; the Distribution of Quarterly Bills and collects the same. WISEMAN Loans Money on good Real Estate beeurity. WISEMAN Insures your Life and protects you in Losses by Fire In the best Companies in the World. WISEMAN Is known to be the only standing General Business Agent on tne Hawaiian Islands. WISEMAN (Answers all Correspondence of every Business nature. WISEMAN Receives orders of every deserlpiton from the various islands, ana attends to Shipments Promptly. WIS EM AN 'S office is conducted on Sound Busi ness Principles, and all Patrons and him Energetic and Attentive to their business wants. Give Wiseman a Call. 393-tf WENNER & CO. 3 Fort Street, Have on band New Foreign and Homemade Jewelry. Watches, Bracelets, Necklets, Pins, Lockets, Clocks, And ornaments of all kinds. Silver and Gold Plate Elegant Solid Silver Tea Sets. Suitable for Presentation. ENGRAVING AND NATIVE JEWELRY A Specialty. Repairing In all Its branches. teT Sole Agents for King's Eye Preservers. 577-mart-ly TURPENTINE AXI l'AIXT OIL, COEOATITS TOILET SOAPS, ' CASTILE AND HARNESS SOAP. LulricatiM Oils, i The Largest Stock lu the Market, Including Lard Oil, in cases and bbls., Black Oil, in barrels, Skideeate Oil, in cases. Cylinder Oil, in cases, I'araUne Oil, In cases, iPf rm Oil, in drums aud barrels, and Teauut Oil by tbe case or gallon. Also, extra Plow Shares to tit all our plows. Implements needed for rice or cane culture. greatest dispatch. aut'Iare sold at Lowest Market Rates. 2 may20 PETER D ALTON, ISTo. 91 Kins St Once more solicits the patronage and support of those, who for twenty years knew and dealt with him. Plain Talk Pays Always. Peter has for many years worked for and en deavored to please every class of the community from the highest In the land down to tbe humblest of the working classes, and he can say that during that time be never made an enemy or lost a cus tomer. Now he has again put his hand o the plow, and Is as well able and willing to give honest work, good material, and iair value for money as ever yet was done in tbe Hawaiian Islands. Has always on hand Single and IoubIe Harness, Express Harness, Plantation Harness, Whips, Spurs, Chamois, Sponges, Brushes, And everything1 requisite for the Stable. a7"A full line of English and Sydney Saddles, Saddle Cloths, Blankets, etc., always in stock A' hat he has not got he can make. 290 mySG-d&w ETJBEKA ! We have received a consignment of tbe most Economical and Valuable Feed for all kinds of Stock, viz.: COOKED LINSEED MEAL. It Is the greatest Flesh former, Milk and Butter producer In use. Oil Cake Meal shows about 27 per cent, of nu tritive matter; this nearly 39 per cent. 100 lbs. of this meal Is equal to 300 9s. of oats, or 318 Jbs. of corn, or to 767 lbs. of wheat bran. For Sale in Lots to Suit. Mao, our Unrivalled MIXED FEED, as well as our usual supply of the best kinds of Jlny, Oats, Wheat, Corn, Etc., Etc. LAINE & CO. 373 tf A Beautiful Seaside Resort. M RS. A. F. MORRIS TAKES PLEASURE in announcing that she has leased the Beautiful Seaside Residence Of Mr. Allen Herbert, at WAIKIKI, Honolulu's famous summer resort, and is prepared to accom modate parties desirous of enjoying the balmy air I'Usurpassed sea-bathing, and tropical rest and uuietof this charming place. Every facility is offered for the perfect enjoyment of this Ideal watering place. By special arrangement Dodd's line of 'busses will take passengers to the entrance to the place, when two or more offer. For terms, etc., apply to Mr. H. Condon, telephone No. 302, Queen street, Honolulu, or to the undersigned, at the residence. MRS. A. F. MORRIS, Waikiki Telephone, No. 257. Lessee. 573 ddfcwtf NOTICE. ON AND AFTER THIS DATE ALL OUR accounts will be rendered monthly instead of quarterly, as heretofore. S. J. LEVEY A CO. Honolulu, Feb. 2nd, 1385. 497 tf imtrtisfnunts. X-j. 33. K MEKCHANT GAZETTE BUILDING, Has Just Ret ii rued from Europe WITH A LARGE STOCK OF New Goods and Materials Of the Latest Styles and Patterns, Which be Is Prepared LATEST -AND FOR LOWEST PRICES POSSIBLE. 533 " He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength ; he goeth on to meet armed men ; he mocketh at fear, and is not affrighted, neither turneth he back from the sword." Holy Writ. :o: HORSE-BREAKING. (continued.) By C. B. MILES. now to Break a Colt. If you aBk a man engaged in the business the above question, and he answers yon truthfully, nine out of ten will tell you, when you commence on a colt, that the very first thing you must impress upon his mind is that you are his master ; that it is business to submit to your will ; that you must break up all his stubbornness right away on tho start, and also make him afraid of you, so that he will not dare to do anything he may think you do not want him to do, even if you have to be severe with him at times. Now, while I am not going to say that this is not the best plan of educating a young: horse, I will say that it is not the plan that I have always practiced ; and furthermore, I will say to anyone, either professional or non-professional, that in handling your colt, if you will use persuasion instead of coercion, and try aud make his first lessons a pleasure to him instead of a task, and induce, instead of compelling him to submit to your wishes, that I will stake my existence that you will soon find your colt studying the same practice as yourself of trying to please you, and make your work as much a pleasure as it is possible for him to do. During the last few years there has been great advancement made in horse-breaking, as well as in everything else. Note the old plan of school teaching half a century ago as compared with tho plan of the present day. I well remember hearing my father tell of the way, when he went to school, that the teacher adopted for correction. lie had long birch whips, brought in by the armful, and thrust them into the fire and partially roasted them to make them tough a common birch whip without being toughened in the above manner being considered by no means effective enough for correcting the ordinary roys tering schoolboy. Now, we only think of the above plan of education at the present time to smile at, men having learned that milder means are more effective and lasting. The same measure of advancement has been made in the handling of colts. The old method of breaking in a colt meant a season's hard work at the plow, and other modes of heavy pulling in the field before ho could be trusted to assist in taking the family to church on a Sunday. Nowadays, with the advancement that has been made in the methods of handling, we are able to learn a colt more in the way he should go in a few weeks than he could acquire in the old way in as many months. Some years since the Rev. ffm. II. II. Murray, an eminent divine of Boston, wrote a very elaborate work entitled "The Perfect Horse," in which he devoted a very long chap ter, covering about seventy-five pages, to the above mentioned subject, "How to Train a Colt." The work throughout was very interesting and instructive, and one desiring it can obtain it from me to read. The reverend gentleman (who was, by the way, a class mate of our Chief Justice at Yale College) Bcema to understand the subject very well, and I think that his plan would work well enough on a colt that had been brought op in a one-of-the-family sort of way, and one that can toll you by bis actions, almost as plain as if he could talk, that if you do not want your toes trod upon you must get out of the way when he comes along. Even then I think it would take about a year to break one colt by going through all of the different modes that he recom mends. But life is too short for me to practice any such system, as I would probably have about twenty wild colts broken and turned over to their respective owners by the time that he would have given his colt about two lessons, and yet I would be just as kind with mine as he would be to his. The usual plan that horse-breakers adopt is to have their vehicles and harnesses made about two or three times as heavy and strong as are used for broke horses, so that after being hitched up their colts can kick, run, rear and plunge, and throw themselves down without being able to do any damage by breakage, and after fighting it out with them for a few days, or weeks, perhaps, they finally, if they are not of too rebellious a disposition, become accustomed to the use of the harness, and after a few months of service, become tolerably well broken. .'ow, this plan seems to me very much the same as it would be to send a policeman after a prisoner without allowing him to have any weapons to capture him with, telling him that he must overpower him by main strength and awkwardness. My plan is never to hitch a colt up until the fear is all out of him, after which I find an ordinary cart and harness quite sufficient; and as to kick straps, I never use them un less it is on an inveterate kicker, as I have never had a colt kick in harness yet that I was breaking. Yearlings can be broken in with perfect safety, as at that age they very readily submit to the guiding process, and are always afterwards safe nd reliable. The practice of breaking yearlings to single and double harness has long been in voguo all over the States, and the results have been bo satisfactory that at present, in all of the large breed ing establishments, the weanling colts are being regularly broken in with the same satisfactory results. I have now on hand at my headquartere, corner of Queen and Punchbowl streets twelve head of colts, from yearlings to mature age. Some of them I have only had two weeks, and I will drive any of them single or double to a top buggy without blinds; and I, will also ride any of tbem without saddle, bridle, halter, strap, or string even, and carry a large carriage umbrella over them at the same time. And I will do the same thing with any horse that any one may bring me in the same time, or else not charge a cent, as I am ready and willing to take all chances of failure. Of course, I do not consider them broken at this stage of development, as it takes considerable time to perfect tbem in the way of going ou the road, and to familiarize them with objects that they meet; but at the same time I think that it is carrying them along pretty fast in their education, and that they are on the rV?ht track for becoming safe, gentle and obedient family horses, which is surely just what every one wishes their colts to become. I also think that some of them are better broke already than a great many horses that have been worked a year or more in our streets. I notice, too, that my colts shy much less now in passing heavy loaded drays, etc., than many horses that look as though they had been at work for years and years in the carriages. Respectfully, C. 13. MILKS, - Practical Horse Breaker. Honolulu, March 11, 1885. 525-apr 1 PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY (LIMITED), Successors to Dillingham & Co. and Samuel Holt. IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Hardware, Agricultural Implements, Stoves, Ranges and Tinware, House Furnishing Goods and GENERAL MERCHANDISE. -:o:- The combined stock of the two firms gives us a very full and complete line of goods, at lowest market rates. All orders sent to the undersigned, or to Mr. Samuel Nott for specialties in the class of goods formerly sold by him, will at present receive personal attention and supervision. 56Sap5 PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY. EIlrLlrL, TAILOE, to Make up la the FASHION. THE- my 1 1