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THE DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. :o:- TEBUS OF SUBSCBIPTIOX, 3 00 , 5 00 .... 1 08 ..... 0 25 Ptt aunuaa. ...- Wlx Month... ......... - JPer month Per week QTSabscrlptions Payable always in Advaa. Communication from all parts of the Kingdom will always be very acceptable. Persons residing In any part of the United States can remit the amount of subscription due by Post OSce money order. Matter Intended for publication In the editorial columns should be addressed to Editor Paoo-ic Cokkkbcial Asvimues." Business cemmanications and advertisements sheald be addressed simply P. C. Adtkbtiskk." and net to Individuals. MONDAY - MARCH 23J. OUR SUPPLEMENT. Readers of the Advertiser will find in to-day's supplement all the news of the world, from the date of the sailing of the City of Tokio from San Francisco for Honolulu, to the day the Zealandia sailed thence for this city. They will recognize the enterprise of the P. C. advertiser Company in thus presenting them with a complete summary of the world's doings.. Our arrange ments are perfect, however, and hanceforward the inhabitants of Honolulu and the Hawaiian Islands generally may rely upon the Adver tiser always keeping abreast of the news, however voluminous. The announcement of President Cleveland's Cabinet, and the friendly interchange of idea9 between Cleve land and Blaine, are the most inter esting items of intelligence, so far as these islands are concerned, because the Inference Is irresistible that no sinister step will be taken regarding the treaty with the Hawaiian King dom. The Cabinet Is composed of conservative men, which is a satisfac tory sign in Itself. Preparations for war among the Central American States are being made. The trouble is owing to the ambition of President Barrios, who seeks to be President of a strong power. He is now Dictator of Guate mala, although styling himself Con stitutional President. The American and Mexican Governments oppose Barrios. But the note of war between Eng land and Russia has already been sounded, and it is difficult to see how hostilities can be averted. This would stimulate American trade and create a demand for our island staple. Gladstone is inclined to compromise, but the English press denounce him. The Soudan war drags its weary length along. The climate is the great enemy of the British in Central Africa. It now transpires that Zebehr Pasha, General Gordon's fa vorite, was a traitor all the time. He is now a prisoner in the hands of the British. Zebehr P asha is an Arab, who accumulated vast wealth in the slave trade in Soudan. The French talk of sending an ex pedition to attack Peking. Minister Ferry will ask a credit of 50,000,000 francs and 25,000 men for the expe dition. Local reports will be found in our supplement. vertiser's interviews, as abso lutely false in suggestion and asser tion. It is untrue through all its mood3 and tenses. We challenge our contemporary to name any citizen, "leading" or humble, interviewed on the license question by any represen tative of the Advertiser, whose views were not fully and fairly pub lished. If the Press does not make good its charge of suppression, it will stand convicted of malicious lying an offense against good morals far more reprehensible than habitual arunnenness, wnicn it regards as a cardinal evil. One word in conclusion. The at tempt to identify the Advertiser with the "whisky cause" is equally unfair. The Advertiser is a journal of fact and opinion; but it does not distort or suppress facts to bolster up its own set opinion like the "temper ance" organ, which forgets, in its in temperate zeal, the "just damnation" pronounced in Scripture against those who "do evil that good may come." For the rest, it may suit the Press to fight local option, but surely a con stituency which is intelligent enough to elect a Legislature to make our laws may be safely trusted to vote for or against the sale of liquor. Kinau ar.d tLc latter by the Likelike. Both will arrive in the metropolis on Saturday. btrtistnunts. FRENCH PENAL COLONIZATION POLICY- The French Senate has passed the Recidivistes bill, the introduction of which in the Chamber of Deputies last year caused such an outcry in the Australian Colonies. It is proposed to ship some 30,000 incorrigible cut throats and thieves to New Caledonia, Guiana, and it may be also to the New Hebrides group, should that archipelago be annexed. There is a very strong feeling on the subject in the Australian Colonies, and it is more than probable that a law will be passed by each Colonial Parlia ment prohibiting the landing of Frenchmen on any part of the Aus tralian or New Zealand coast. Earl Carnarvon made the point in the House of Lords that the Government would be obliged to sustain the Colo nies in such an event, whatever might be the consequence with France; and the present Secretary of State for the Colonies, Earl Derby, admitted that the Imperial authori ties would prefer a quarrel with France to a serious quarrel with Aus tralasia. It is hardly probable that the New Hebrides will be annexed by France with the consent of Eng land, and as there is a long standing agreement between the two Powers, which was recognized by the French Government last year as binding, it is hardly probable President Grevy's Government would risk a rupture with England by violating it. The New Hebrides were included in the dominion of New Zealand when that Colony was established, but subse quently it was excluded. The Aus tralian Presbyterian Board of Mis sions, and the Presbyterian Mission Union of Nova Scotia, have long oc cupied the New Hebrides, where the missions own large property, and are greatly respected by the natives. The French are detested in the New Heb rides. Kohala, Hawaii, March 20, 15S3. An attempt was made to burn the Union mill trash-house a few nights ago, but the fire was discovered in time to easily extinguish it. A man was seen running from the place, and it is believed it was purposely fired. Niulii mill Las again broke its spur- wheel, which makes another slight delay in grinding. It is said that our new Sheriff instructs the police not to make anv seizure of opium without his orders. Mr. Smith of the Saturday Press has been spending a few days among us pick ing up items. We expect he will -say I heaps of nice things about Kohala. The Japanese -laborers in this district seem to be giving great satisfaction to those that employ them. There is a move on foot to inaugurate a direct line of vessels from Kohala to the Coast, thereby saving half of the present cost of freight. The planters here are getting out of patience at the way they are sqneezed at every turn, and it seems hardly fair that freights, commissions, etc., should remain the same while sugar is so low, thus throwing all the burden on the planter. Mr. Smythe returned from Honolulu a week since with n fair bride, aud has gone to housekeeping iu the cottage belonging to Mr. Lisle. The experiment at Waiakea Mill, made on ivohala plantation, suould be nint enough to the planters throughout the Kingdom to demand the most improved machinery at the mills where they grind, or else demand their share of the trash. More money can be made grinding trash than allowing it to be burnt, and planters have a right to demand all that can be got from their cane. We noticed Mr. Frank Cooke in town, and some people say he is going to put on his schooners- again. "So mote it be." Letters between Maui and Kohala are again going astray, some never showiiig themselves at all, and others going to Hilo and other distant ports before reach ing their destination. HI. O. HALL & SOX (Limited), Have just received from Boston, ex. steam barktnune MORNING STAR, ai.d by other late arrivals, the following, viz: DOWNER'S KERUSOE OIE, TIRl'EXTIXE AD 1MIXT OIL, BOSTON CARD MATCHES IllXTS H'DL'D AXES HUNT'S HATCHETS (All Kinds, XORWAEK LOCKS ICE CREAM FREEZERS ERASIVE SOAP, YELLOW LACNDRT SWAP, Stoyes and Ranges OF ALL, SIZES. And Kitchen Furniture Of Every Description. Iron, Granite Ware, Wire Cloth (all siz?9 , Cotton Waste, Packing, all kinds, REFRIGERATORS, COLGATE'S TOILET SOAPS, CASTILE AXD HARNESS SOAP. Su&rrtistntrnts. Luliricatiiig Oils, The Largest Stock iu the Market, including Lurd Oil, in cases and bbls., Black Oil. in barrels, Skldegute Oil, in cases, Cylinder Oil. in cases, Faratiue Oil, in cases, sperm Oil, in drums and barrels, AXLE GREASE. Also, Neat's Foot and Peanut Oil by the case or gallon. INDUSTRIAL POINTS. INTERVIEWING- The Advertiser interviewed lead ing citizens regarding the policy of issuing spirit licenses outside of Hon olulu, and published a full and Im partial report in every case. The in terviews were had with gentlemen whose position and character en titled their opinions to consideration. Neither political nor personal bias was allowed to intervene. "What the gentlemen interviewed said was re ported, whether it made for or against the Government policy. Our object was to get at the truth, not to bolster up any policy. This we certainly ac complished, and the public have not been slow to recognize the value of the service rendered in this particular by the Advertiser. But a weekly contemporary, the Press, makes an assertion to the effect that we set a trap on local option, Into which "some few of our leading men who are strong promoters of the cause of temperance" fell. This is an imper tinent reflection upon the intelligence of the gentlemen in question, which they may be safely left to resent. For ourselves, we set no trap, and there fore no one could fall into it. Having insulted its temperance friends, the Press plucks up courage and attacks the Advertiser. It says: "But the position of the de fenders of these licenses is not sus tained by the interviews published to uphold the whisky cause, and their line of argument is absolutely con demned by leading citizens with whom they held interviews which they dared not publish." This is either true or it is false; and as it is a matter involving the character of this journal for absolute impartiality In reporting, we propose to raise the issue right here. "We pronounce the foregoing state ment of the Press, regarding the Ad- Just to hand, a new lot of Hall's Celebrated Plows and Breakers, and about two hundred pairs of Plow Handles of all sizes. Also, extra Plow Shares to nt an our piows. Plow Beams. All kinds of Agricultural Implement needed for rice or cane tulture. A Fine Stock of Shelf Hardware Constantly on Hand. We make a specialty of rUlinff orders for country stores and plantations, aud with our superior facilities and long experience, can do so with the greatest dispatch. All our Hoods are of tue Best Quality, aud.are sold at Lowest Market Kates. Ii. B. K ERR., HE EC HAM1 TAILOE, GAZETTE BUILDING, Has Just Returned from Eurp WITH A LARGE STOCK OP New Goods and Materials Of the Latest Styles and Patterns, A'klch be is Prepared to Make up la the LATEST FASHION", -AND FOR THE- The necessity for increasing pro duction on these islands is becoming more fully recognized now than it was at any former period. In the flush times, when the Reciprocity treaty stimulated the growth of sugar, this staple was generally de pended upon as the mainstay of the country, just as wheat was similarly regarded in California after the "gol den age" of placer mining passed away. But California now recognizes the fact that it is not either safe or profitable to depend upon a single crop, which is brought into competi tion with the production of the world. Prices are necessarily beyond the control of auy producing country in such a case ; hence it is that the natural advantages possessed by the Golden State for viticulture aud or charding are being availed of, to the neglect of wheat, to an extent which must surprise anyone who investi gates the subject. Wheat is still largely raised; but although Cali fornia was the banner wheat State" of the Union in 1881, its wine and fruit crop in 1885 bids fair to equal in money value the output of wheat in the coming season, The example of California in this respect should be followed by Hawaii. Diversified industries should be es tablished. Fruit of various kinds should be raised ; especially should grapes be cultivated for wine-making. The world's market is open to us for canned and sun-dried fruits ; why not prepare to compete ? It would pay in the long run, and induce men of capital and enterprise to come to these Islands. ISLAND NOTES. Kona, Ilawaii, March 18, 18S5. Your correspondent in Kohala, in his letter of March Cth, said "that the re ligiously inclined Hawaiians had gone to Kona.'' They went to Kau. We have not much religion to spare. We have a church every few miles, but such small congregations that in some churches they hold forth every other Sabbath,-so as to give the others a turn. In the way of religious teachers we have but few ; only one Roman Catholic priest, who has so manv and far distant churches that he can only get around about once iu six weeks. One. old gentleman, who repre sented the A. B. C. F. II., has retired There is a half white minister here trying to do good. There is a church on the hill. I suppose it is for white people, as it is very seldom that an adult native goes there. The number of others who go there are too few to mention. The minis ter has so much to do to look after his grounds and in making jelly that people here still believe that there are other Gods than the one to whom the white man prays. They think it all very well to pray to Him, but that we must not forget to pray to our old gods and give them things they like, or we shall have them angry with is aud give us trouble They make us ill as it is, they say, and re have to use our native doctors to get us well from ills caused by the gods. Foreigu doctors, as a rule, can't do us any good in such cases, but ours has ofi helped us out. When we have a foreign disease we always go to him. People can be prayed to death just as much to-day as they ever could. It is only n short time ago that a man was tried for praying another to death. Some times clothes are sent out to missions to be sold, and some are bought because they are of the right color to keep away evil. We have a man here who say ", he is a brother to the creat Mr. Sala. He has a school. On the Sabbath he holds forth to a few children. He tells us we shall all bo punished in the future, while an other white teacher tells us there is no future and no God. We never see any gold here, and we cannot send a postofSce order if we owe as much as $10, unless we go tne week for a part and wait auother week before we send the other part. Our roads are very bad. The rain has come again. The matinee performance of the Emerson Minstrels last Saturday afternoon, as well asthe farewell performance in the evening, was a decided success, lhe rain kept a good many ladies and children at home from tho matinee, much to their disappoint ment. The house in the evening wa3 fairly well filled, though the weather continued very bad. and the minstrels acquitted them selves with their customary good acting and singing. Much regret has been expressed at their being obliged to leave Honolulu for the Colonies so soon, not alone by those who have neglected to hear them, but also by those who have done so and would like to again. Oossip and Facts From Poiuts. Various KancxoT, Maui, March 26, 1S85. The American schooner Tiosario, E. D. Swift master, arrived on the lGth instant, seventeen days from San Francisco, with a full cargo of general merchandise and one passenger Arthur Richardson. She will finish loading sugar to-morrow, and will sail for San Francisco Sunday, weather permitting. The Collector-General and Mr. Tewks bury are here. The former leaves by the NOTICE. All persons having any claims against MR. HENRY CORN WELL are requested to present the samP on or before April 1st proximo, at my ofliee in Waikapu, Maui. WM. IT. CORN WELL, March 6, 15. 573 td E. O. HALL & SON. iuay20 LOWEST PRICES POSSIBLE. r33 my 1 1 REMOVAL. . FRANK GERTZ Has removed his fine stock of j BOOTS AND SHOES : ;To the store on Fort street formerly: occupied by : : Mrs. -Wilkinson. ": jt 585-mar 16 I2t " He paweth strength ; mocketh in the valley, and rejoiceth in his he goeth on to meet armed men ; he at fear, and is not affrighted, neither turneth he back from the sword Holy Writ. :o:- OFFICE OF, J. E. WISffMAN. ESTABLISHED IN 1879. DEPARTMENTS. PETER DALTON, jSTo. 91 Kinsr St. Once more solicits the patronage and support of those who for twenty years knew anil dealt with him. Plain Talk Pays Always. EMPI-OYMKNT ABKKT, I.1KK 1NHI KAM K AMJ-IW, flkk i.vsuuanck aoknt, kaii.koad agent, Advertising Agent, anu (Ienkkal Business Agent. Also, custom UOI'HK BllOKKR MONEY BROKKK AND IIOl-SK BROKKK. Campbell's Fireproof Building, 28 MERCHAHi TSli:T. Honolulu H. I. Buys and Sells Real Estate. Telephone 172. l. . liox io. WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN WISEMAN Leases and kinds. Bents Property of all Collects Bents. Pays and Discharges. Takes Insurances, and attends generally to Property Owners' interests. Is the only recognized Passenger Agent tor the noted Chicago, Burlington and Quiiicy Route. Attends to Custom House Business; Enters Goods, Discharges Freight and Duty Bills, aud Delivers same. Finds Employment for all seeking work on the Islands. Attends to Books and Accounts; the Distribution of Quarterly Bills and collects the same. Loans Money on good Real Estate Security. Insures your Life anil protects you in Losses by Fire in the best Companies iu the World. Is known to be the only standing General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands. Answers all Correspondence of every Business nature. Receives orders of every descrlpiton from the Various Islands, and attends to Shipments Promptly. '!S office is conducted on Sound Busi ness Principles, and all Patrons find him Energetic and Attentive to their business wants. Peter has for many years worked for and eu deavored to please every class of the community from the highest In the land down to the humblest of the working classes, aud ho can say that during that time he never made an enemy or lost a cus tomer. Now he has again put his hand to the plow, and is as well able and willing to give honest work, good material, and fair value for money hs ever vet was done In the Hawaiian Islands. Has always on hand Single and Double Harness, Express Harness, lMantatioii Harness, Whips, Spurs, Chamois, Kpongres, Brushes, Ami everything? requisite for the , Stable. exyA full line of English and Syduey Saddles, Saddle Cloths, Blankets, etc., always in stock. 'hat he has not got he can make. 290 my2fi-dfcw EUEEKA ! v.'e have received a consignment of the most Economical and Valuable Feed for all kinds of Stock, viz.: COOKED LINSEED MEAL. It Is the greatest Flesh former, Milk and Butter producer in use. Oil Cake Meal shows about 27 per cent, of nu tritive matter; this nearly 39 per cent. 100 lbs. of this meal is equal to 300 lbs. of oats, or 31S lbs. of corn, or to 767 lbs. of wheat bran. For Sale in Lots to Suit. Also, oui rnrivalled MIXED FEED, as well as our usual supply of the best kinds of Hay, Oats. Wheat, Corn, l;te.. Etc. LAINE fc 373 tf CO. -:o:- Give Wiseman a Call. 393-tf I ., .......... . WENXER & CO. 92 Fort Street, Have on hand New Foreign and Homemade Jewelry. AVatehes, IJracelels, Necklets, Tins, Lockets, Clocks, And ornaments of all kinds. Silver and Gold Plate, Elegant Solid Silver Tea Sets. , Suitable for Presentation. ENGRAVING AND NATIVE JEWELRY A Specialty. Repairing? in all its branches. XT' Sole Agents for King's Eye Preservers. 577-mar9-ly A Beautiful Seaside Resort. HORSE-BREAKING. (continued.) By C. J. MILES. low fo Break a Colt. If you ask a man engaged in the buniness the above question, and be answers yon truthfully, nine out of ten will tell vou, when you commence on a colt, that the Tory firat thing you must impress upon his mind is that you are his master ; that it ia business to submit to your will ; that you must break up all bis stubbornness right away on tha start, -t 1 1 1 F " "1 1 1 1 1 - 1 . 1 . . ... X ... ana aiso maae nun airam ui yuu, so mat ne win not uare to uo anything no may think you do not want him to do, even if you have to be seyere with him at times. Now, while 1 am not going to say that this is not the best plan or educating a young horse, I will say that it is not the plan that I have always practiced ; and furthermore, I will say to anyone, either professional or non-professional, thiit in handling your colt, if you will ' 2 A ., 1 ' 1 . 1 . . . . use persuasion lusieau vi cuticioii, auu try auu mate ins nrst lessons a pieasura to him instead of a task, and induce, instead of compelling him to submit to your wishes, that I will stake my existence that you will soon find your colt studying the same practice as yourself of trying to please you, and make your work as much a pleasure as it ia possible for him to do. During the last few years there has been great advancement made in horse-breakine. aa well as in everything else. Noto the old plan of school teaching half a century ago aa compared with the plan of the present day. I well remember hearing my father tell of . the way, when he went to school, that the teacher adopted for correction. lie had long birch whips, brought in by the armful, and thrust them into the fire and partially roastod them to make tnem tougn a common circa winp witnout being toughened in the above manner being considered by no means effective-enough for correcting the ordiuary roys tering schoolboy. Now, we only think of the above plan of education at the prexent time to smile at, men having learned that milder means are more effective and lastincr. The same measure of advancement has been made in the handling of colts. The old method of breaking in a colt meant a season s hard work at the plow, and other modes of heavy pulling in the field before ho could be trusted to assist in taking the family to church on a Sunday. Nowadays, with the advancement that has been made in the methods of handling, we are able to learn a colt more in the way he should go in a few weeks than he could acquire in the old way in as many months. Some years since the Eev. Wm. U. II. Murray, an eminent divine of Boston, wrote a very elaborate work entitled "The Perfect Horse," in which he devoted a very long chap ter, covering about seventy-five pages, to the above mentioned subject, "How to Train a Colt." The work throughout was very interesting and instructive, and one desiring it can obtain it from me to read. The reverend gentleman (who was, by the way, a class mate of our Chief Justice at Yale College) seems to understand the subject very well, and I think that his plan would work well enough on a colt that had been brought up iu a one-of-the-family sort of way, and one that can toll you by his actions, almost aa plain as if ho could talk, that if you do not want your toes trod upon you must get out of the way when he comes along. Even then I think it would take about a year to break one colt by going through all of the different modes that he recom mends. But life is too short for me to practice any such system, as I would probably have about twenty wild colts broken and turned over to their respective owners by the time that he would have given his colt about two lessons, and yet I would be just as kind with mine as he would be to his. The usual plan that horse-breakers adopt is to have their vehicles and harnesses made about two or three times as heavy and strong as are used for broke horses, so that after being hitched up their colts can kick, run, rear and plunge, and throw themselves down without being able to do any damage by breakage, and after fighting it out with them for a few days, or weeks, perhaps, they finally, if they are not of too rebellious a disposition, become accustomed to the use of the harness, and after a few months of service, become tolerably well broken. Now, this plan seems to me very much the same as it would be to send a policeman after a prisoner without allowing him to have any weapons to capture him with, telling him that he must overpower him by main strength and awkwardness. My plan is never to hitch a colt up until the fear is all ouf of him, after which I find an ordinary cart and harness quite sufficient; and as to kick straps, I never use them un less it is on an inveterate kicker, as I have never had a colt kick in harness yet that I was breaking. Yearlings can be broken in with perfect safety, as at that age they very readily submit to the guiding process, and are always afterwards safe and reliable. The practise of breaking yearlings to single and double harness has long been in voguo all over the States, and the results have been so satisfactory that at present, in all of the large breed ing establishments, the weanling colts are being regularly broken in with the same satisfactory results. I have now on hand at my headquarters, corner of Queen and Punchbowl streets twelve head of colts, from yearlings to mature age. Some of them I have only had two weeks, and I will drive any of them single or double to a top buggy without blinds; aud I will also ride any of them without saddle, bridle, halter, strap, or string even, and carry n large carriage umbrella over them at the same time. And I will do the same tiling with any horse that any one may bring me in the same time, or else not charge a cent, as I am ready and willing to take all chances of failuie. Of course, I do not consider them broken at this stage of development, as it takes considerable time to perfect them in the way of going on the road, and to familial ize them wilh objects that they meet; but at the same time I think that it is carrying them along pretty fast in their education, and that, they are on the right track for becoming safe, gentle and obedient family horse?, which is surely just what every one wishes their colts to become. I also think that some of them are better broke already than a great many horses that have been worked a year or more in our streets. I notice, too, that my colts thy much less now in passing heavy loaded drays, etc., than many horseB that look as though they had been at work for Yearn on.l riura in iia na r ri n Te- RS. A. F. MORRIS TAKES PLEASURE ill announcing tliat she lias leased tlie Remit if ill Seaside Kesidenee Of Mr. Alien Herbert, at WAIKIKI, Honolulu's famous summer resort, and is prepared to accom modate parties desirous (f enjoying the balmy air unsurpassed sa-batbing, and tropical rest and quiet of this charming place. Every facility is offered for the perfect enjoyment of this ideal watering place. By special arrangement Dodd'B line of 'busses will take passengers to the entrance to the place, when two or more offer. For terms, etc., apply to Mr. II. Condon, telephone No. 302, Queen street, Honolulu, or to the undersigned, at the residence. MBS. A. F. MOB BIS, Waikiki Tei-kphone, No. 2"j7. Lessee. 573 d&wtf NOTICE. ON AND AFTER THIS DATE ALL OUR accounts will be rendered monthly instead of qustrterlv. as heretofore. S. J. LEVEY & CO. Honolulu, Feb. 2nd, 1335. 497 tf rienpectfully, Honolulu, March 11, 1885. c. n. MILKS, Practical Horse Breaker. 525 apr 1 PACIFIC HAEDWAEE COMPANY (LIMITED), Successors to Dillingham d- Co. and Samuel IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Nott. Hardware, Agricultural Implements, Stoves, Ranges and Tinware, House Furnishing Goods and gp:ner a l merch a. rsr dise. The combined stock of the two firms gives us a very full and complete line of goods, at lowest market rates. All orders sent to the undersigned, or to Mr. Samuel Nott for specialties in the class of goods formerly sold by him, will at present receive personal attention and supervision. 56Sap5 PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.