THE DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
TERMS OF NL'IlSCItlPTIOX,
Per annum .. .5 00
8lx months 3 00
Per month . soc
asfSnlHcrlptlonn Payable ninny In
A1 r Alice.
Commonlcatlons from all parts of the Kingdom
will always be very acceptable.
Persons residing In any part Of the United Mate
can remit the amount of subscription due by Post
Office money order.
Matter Intended for publication lu the editorial
columns should be addressed to
Editor Pacific Commkiutal advertiser."
Business communications and advertisements
should be addressed simply
"P. C. Advkbtiskb."
and not to Individuals.
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
I now for sale iaily at the Following Places:
J. M. OAT A CO Merchant street
T. O. THRUM Merchant street
I. MOORE 13-1 Nuuanu street
CRYSTAL SODA WORKS Hotel street
N. F. BURGESS King street
WOLF fc EDWAHD8...Cor King and Nuuanu sts
Five 'euts ier Copy. ti
Mr. A. M, Mellis has secured the exclusive right
to the city routes for the P. C. Adtkbtisiu, daily
and weekly, and is now authorized to collect sub
crip Hons therefor.
Payments on account of subscriptions may also
be made at the Publishing Oflice, Merchant street,
where orders for subscription, and notices of
Change of address, etc., will also be received.
Subscribers will please report any complaint for
on-delivery, or other cause, at this oflice.
L. MONTGOMERY MATHER,
" Business Manager P. C. Adtkktisek.
April 30, 1885. tf
NOTICE IS HEREBY OIVEX TO ALL FEE
sonstbatat a meeting of the shareholders
of the PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER
COMPANY, held on the 2Uh day of April. 1685,
it was TOted to accept the Charter of Incorpo
ration granted to them, and their associates and
successors, under the corporate name aud style
of the ,
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER
And that the Corporation, under said Charter, was
duly organized, and elected the following-named
officers, viz :
President........ ..- .ROBT. J. CR EIG HTON
Secretary and Treasurer L. M. MATHER
Auditor..... .....W. M. GIFFAUD
' Notice is also given that, pursuant to the terras
of said Charter, no shareholders shall be individu
ally liable for the debts of the Corporation, beyond
tb amount which shall be due upon the share or
hares owned or held by himself. ap25-tf
A , GREAT NEWSPAPER.
Thk Weekly P. C. Advertiser is the best
and most complete paper published In the King
dom. Having been thoroughly remodeled in all
Its departments, it will be found to be uniformly
rlght, newsy and reliable. Being intended speci
ally for the family circle, it will contain nothing
offensive to morals or refined taste. Arrange,
meats have been perfected for giving a complete
digest of the world's news up to latest date, in
addition to all the local and general news of the
Kingdom. Correspondence, detailing facts, is in
vited, from, all parts of the Islands. Orders for
subscriptions should be addressed to the Manager.
Thk Weekly P. C. Advertiser is mailed to
subscribers at ?5 per annum, payable in advance.
Remittances may be made by P. O. Order.
- May 15th
UNFAIR AND UNJUST CRITICISM.
When the Iress was attacking
Colonel Spreckels on Saturday last,
because of his enterprise and success
ful development of the sugar business
and transportation, we are surprised
it did not charge him also with being
in alliance with the glucose makers to
ruin his own investments. As fairly
accuse him of that as of prejudicing
the Reciprocity treaty by sustaining
the price of sugar on the Coast. A
more mischievous or unjust' accusa
tion wa3 neter made. It was done,
however, to give a handle to the op
ponents of the treaty in San Fran
cisco, who are personal enemies of
Colonel Spreckels; but the effect, so
far as it can have any, will be to in
jure the entire sugar interests of the
Kingdom. It is impossible to seg
regate those interests, and therefore
whatever is calculated to injure
Colonel Spreckels in his business en
terprises in this Kingdom must also
injure all other cognate interests.
There can be no two opinions on this
tmbjeet. Wherefore the Press and its
newspaper allies are working steadily
to embarrass and injure those by
whose grace and patronage they
But the Press, in making its attack
upon Colonel Spreckels, had at its
band the San Francisco Bulletin of
April 23th, which presented the ex
act facts of the case in an article on
"Cheap Sugar." The Bulletin, is a
reputable newspaper, and as it had
not been by any means friendly (o
the treaty on general principles, its
statement of the facts may be ac
cepted as being without prejudice in
favor of what a large section of the
California press terms "the Sugar
Monopoly.' ' The Bulletin writes :
The redaction of Uc. per pound made by
the local refiners on April 27th, bring the
cost of refined sugar down to a lower lerel
than was ever known before in this city.
The rate now is very near the New York
price. Formerly there was a difference of
about 2c. per pound between SSan Francisco
reflnera,and New York refiners. This dif
ference represented the cost of freight by J
rail between the two cities. Ul Jate ,it has
been reported that sugar, freight by 'rail was
educed, owing to the great competition ex
isting between rival routes. The arrange
ments between dealers and local refiners
have been such that overland freights have
little influence on prices here. It haj been
understood that the refiners were prepared
to meet any change in the New York price
or in freights, so that dealers have hid lit
tle inducement to patronize New York re
finers in whole or in part. The local re
finers consider themselves abundantly able
to supply and hold this market a3 against
all competition from abroad. Very little
Eastern refined sugar, there-fore, finds jti
way to this city. The dealers do not pit
tend to import it. Confectioners, canners
anal other lare consumers have bought
some ef their supplies at the East, and will
probably continue to do so, as they can
generally do quite as well there.
Jn other words, that which the
Press charges as an offense against
Colonel Spreckels really was a clean
cut business arrangement, which gave
control of the Pacific Coast market
to Hawaiian sugar producers. If his
business sagacity had not come into
play the Coast market would have
been glutted with Eastern sugar, and
our planters would have been com
pelled to sell on any terms. But
they were first guaranteed the Ma
nila basis for their sugar, and when
they were dissatisfied with it and
askeel for the Cuba basis, that was
conceded. Being again dissatisfied,
they asked for a return to the Ma
nila basis, which was accorded. In
short, everything the planters asked
was conceded. That is, Hawaiian
planters were guaranteed the top
world's price for their sugar, the
Coast refiners taking the chance of
realizing profits against all competi
tion, foreign and domestic. This ar
rangement was manifestly in favor of
producers ; but the Press avers that
the sugar makers of this Kingdom
have been grievously swindled be
cause, in addition to the price of their
raws, the California Sugar Refinery
did not also divide its profits upon re
fined sugars among them. Could there
be any accusation more illogical or
unfounded than this ? Yet it is the
main count in the long indictment
against Colonel Spreckels which the
Press brings against him. In truth,
the facts are very greatly to his
The generfr accusation of , mo
nopoly," which the opposition news
papers bring against the gentleman
named above, will be dealt with in
good time. And we promise before we
get through with the subject, how
ever, to show the people of these
Islands who have been the monopo
lists and who have been their friends.
Should we say anything that may
seem harsh or severe of men of stand
ing and reputation in the commu
nity, it will be because the recital of
the facts compel us, and not because
we favor such a line of public dis
cussion. But the Press, Gazette aud
Blulelin leave the Advertiser no
option in the matter. If, therefore
popular idols are shattered during the
investigation, their devotees may lay
the blame at the doors of those who
provoked the discussion, and whose
unmanly and untruthful attacks
upon the most enterprising aud public-spirited
man that ever set foot on
these Islands, compel a rigorous and
THE AMERICAN CONSUL.
The appointment by the President
of a successor to the United States
Consul, Mr. D. A. McKinley, is in
violation of the spirit of the Civil
Service Act. Upon taking office it
was announced, on the President's
behalf, that Consuls who had per
formed their duty need not fear re
moval ; but he no sooner found him
self relieved of Senatorial supervision
than he cut loose from the Civil
Service regulations and began remov
ing the most efficient officers in the
service. General Moseby at Hong
keng was an early victim, and Consul
McKinley at Honolulu Is another,
and an equaliy conspicuous example
of the bad faith of the President. This
gentleman has been four years and
three months in oflice, aud for the
first time in tiie hisiory of the Ha
waiian Consulate, during his tenure of
office it has been a source of revenue
to the United States Government.
Moreover, he has given'uuiform satis
faction in the discharge of his duties,
and there are on file in the State De
partment at Washington the very
strongest testimony of his unvarying
urbanity, attention and accuracy in
the dispatch of business. Yet at the
first opportunity after the President
had been relieved of political super
vision, an honest, experienced and
capable official is removed to make
room for a political hanger-on from
Ohio. If this is the way President
Cleveland is going to give clfect to
Civil Service reform, thou are his pro
fessions the merest shams, and polit
ical purity under a Democratic ad
ministration a fraud. During all the
term of Cansul McKinley's service he
was only one day absent through
illness. If he hael been absent half
his time he would probably have
been continued in oflice.
We find the following in an Amer
The leading firms in the glucose business
have issued a circular, in which they say
$10,000,000 ft capital is invested in their
business in the United States; it employs
4,575 workmen, who are yearly paid $2,053,
750 in wages; consumes $13,703,000 worth of
raw and manufactured material yearly, and
in the same time yields a product worth
$19,270,000. Each year there can be made
about 610,000,000 pounds of the corn sugar,
and 61,000 bushels of com used daily, each
bushel giving 32 pounds of glucose. The
glucose fugar can be made with profit, it is
said, at two cents a pound.
This is a very serious matter in
deed, because the production of corn
in the States is practically unlimited.
Beet sugar, fostered by Government
bounties and high tariffs in Europe,
has closed cane sugar out of the con
tinental market to all intents and
purposes; and the surplus production
from beets is finding its way to the
States and England. When we add
to this the competition of corn sugar,
or glucose, and reflect upon its possi
bilities it will be very evident that
the future of our sugar industry de
pends upon cheap production and
heavy crops. The first includes
wages ai:d the very latest improved
machinery; the second, the most in
telligent system of cultivation. With
the most perfect methods of produc
tion and the most careful superin
tendence, it would hardly be possible
to place Hawaiian sugar in the mar
ket to compete with glucose at the
extremely low price quoted above.
The Planters' Monthly of October, t
1SS3, estimated the cost of production
at " cents per pound exclusive e)f
"carting to the beach, freight to
Honolulu, and from there to Cali
fornia, with two or three times of
handling, commissions in Honolulu
and in California, insurance, interest
on investment, etc." These charges
must always be borne; but we do not
anticipate glucose competition on
any such basis. The manufacturers
will always sell at the highest price,
and their opposition will simply
amount to the displacement of so
much cane sugar.
FIFTY CENTS PER MONTH-
From and after the 1st day of
May the price of the Pacific
Commercial. Advertiser will be
FIFTY CENTS PER MONTH,
For the daily issue, with prompt
Our object in making this reduc
tion of 50 per cent in the price of the
Advertiser to monthly subscribers,
is to bring it within the means of
every one to procure a first-class
daily newspaper. The prevailing
dullness in business is recognized,
and the P. C. Advertiser is pre
pared to meet the times by the pub
lication of a thoroughly-equipped and
reliable newspaper at a price which
will bring it within the range of all
In making this announcement, the
P. C. Advertiser can refer with
confidence to what has already been
accomplished under the new man
agement of the paper, as a guarantee
that all pledges for the future will be
honestly redeemed. It is not too
much to say that the P. C. Adver
tiser isaciedit to Hawaiian jour
nalism, or that it represents in the
fullest sense the progress and intelli
gence of the country. It is not pub
lished in the interest of a clique or
party, but in the interest of all. It
will endeavor to build up and consoli
date, instead of pulling down and
Having opinions, it will express
them fearlessly; being without pre
judice, every question will be treated
upon its merits; and having a repu
tation to maintain, it will be careful
of the reputation of others.
As a faithful chronicler of events
the P. C. Advertiser may always
be relied upon. It will neither sup
press facts nor distort them. It is a
believer in "eternal verities,'' and an
irreconcilable enemy of sham and
false pretense. Its columns may al
ways be relied upon to present facts,
just as they are, anel in this way it
will endeavor to build up a healthy
and robust public opinion which
should be potential in the correction of
abuses and an incentive to the faith
ful performance of public duty.
The P. C. Advertiser should go
into every household, because it is a
"clean sheet." It does not sell its
columns for the dissemination of
vicious advertising notices, neither
does it publish anything which the
most fastidious could object to. In
this important particul ir, as well as
in honest reporting and unprejudiced
comments, the P. C Advertiser
stands alone among Honolulu news
papers. Furthermore, it is our settled pur
pose that the daily or weekly publi
cation of the Advertiser shall be
found in the home of every English
speaking family in the Kingdom. It
is only a question of a very short
time when this will be the case,
through the admitted superiority of
our paper over all rivals.
We shall continue to furnish copi
ous reports of the world's news upon
the arrival of every steamer and vessel
from the Pacific Coast bringing later
dates. Our local reports, now so full
and comprehensive, will be rendered,
if possible, still more elaborate; while
arrangements are nearly perfected for
giving local character to our illustra
tions, which are now confined to re
productions from the best work of the
American Comic Press, the exclusive
right to publish which has been se5
cured for the P. C. Advertiser.
With these inducements, which no
rival publication in the Kingdom can
offer, and with a newspaper con
ducted upon the highest plane of pub
lic morality, the circulation of the
P. C. Advertiser should be largely
increased consequent upon the reduc
tion in price. As a medium for ad;
vertising it will stand far beyond the
range of competition, and all who
may wish to address the public in
this way must of necessity use its col
umns for that purpose.
Now is the time to subscribe for the
daily P. C. Advertiser. Monthly
subscription, 50 cents; single copy,
The latest accusation. against the
Minister of the Interior is that he
lacks the courage to ask for an appro
priation for brick bridges that will
not wash away every freshet that
comes. Where lias the fool-killer
gone to ?
'The Two Orphans.
The fiual performance of the San Fran
cisco Dramatic Company took placw last
evening at the Music Hal!. The fine play of
" The Two Orphans " was presented in an
agreeable manner, and the audience, which
was a very good one, were well pleased
with the performance.
It is a matter of regret that this really
good company of artists should have had so
much to discourage them during their
season in Honolulu. Tljey visited U3 at a
time when business depression disinclined
individuals from extending to them the
support that they have merited. The in
clement weather has thinned the houses
somewhat, and the death of the late Queen
Dowager has caused many to stay away from
all places of amusement.
In an interview-granted by the King to
ilanagcr Rut ledge, His Majesty expressed
his regret that circumstances had not per
mitted him to witness the plaj-s presented
during the season, and expressed the hope
that the company might again visit the
We wi.-di the ladies and gentlemen of the
San Francisco Dramatic Company a pleasant
return trip, and assure them that they carry
with them the aloha of many.
Ilitfli I'riceil Curios.
The auction sale by Lyons & Levey yes
terday, of articles of Hawaiian manufacture
and use belonging to the estate of the late Mrs
C. It. Bishop was attended by a large num
ber of people, mauy of whom were Hawaii
ans, and tlio articles offered for sale brought
high prices. A niihau mat sold for $59;
calabashes that can be purchased new for
$1 50 brought So to $7 each; kapa spreads,
$7, $3 and $10. Everything Hawaiian was
eagerly bid for. The articles are all estate
property, and under the provisions of the
late Mrs. Bishop's will, the net proceeds
about $1,800 will go in to the fund provided
for the endowment of the Kamehameha
BtlOtlE I'OLICE JUSTICE BICKEUToN.
Tuuksday, May 14th.
J. Smith and C. Patterson, charged with
disorderly conduct, each forfeited $15 bail.
Keaiku (w.) a confirmed opium user, was
found guilty of having some of the drug in
her possession, and was fined $50 and im
prisoned, with hard labor, for one month.
Ah Kin, Ah San and Kate, three Chinese
denizens, were charged with having opium
in their possession. They were remanded
until the 15th instant.
The plantation of Col. Z. 8. Spalding, at
Kealia, Kauai, is making good returns, and
the Colonel feels happy. In the six days
of last week they turned out 180V clarifiers
of juice, of 890 gallons per clarifier about
141,400 gallons for the week's work, and
very stormy weather at that. The season's
output of sugar will le between 1.S00 and
2,000 tons. This shows good management
on all sides.
3u limb font's.
Thispov. '1.. r -strength
aii J v :
than the en'.'::: v y
petition vit.i .
weight, alu'.:i or i I
A marvel or puruy.
: j. .:.-i Jlore economical
V::.V ,f Kiiimot, lesoll in coro
i i!t:t;i-:e ct jcnVtest, short
t int I - -v . . .
1;ali:;'j l'owuim -j.. 1W wah-fiW
OX KINtJ OK FORT STREET, A BANOLE
made from a f 2 30 American gold piece. The
nder will be suitably rewarded by returning the
same to the office f this paper. m3-15 dtf
V YOU NO WOMAN TO DO GENEUAL
housework and sewing in a private family.
Apply to CHARLES HAMMER, corner Fort and
Klngstreets. 169-my I
VGOOD COOK FOR THE WARD ROOM OF
n. I. M. clipper Djigliit. Apply to J.
HACKFKLP, acting Russian Vice-Consul, at II.
Hacklepi Jt Co.'s. 163-niy H-4t3
(( ROYAL IS&'iif J NJ
5V tort is niu nts.
II 1 i i. j A c'"r'ijl,,n? of Choice (iroceries alwa on hand. Fresh (
ill Oil III (FllP- I 11VI1PV i OlIPPVlV IslflaJ nutter ulWAs " lowest possible pries. Kerosene (
lllvillUgllb1 1 III llli Vvlllll Difree of charee. Telephone No. P. O. Box ;;:.
tISS AXX1S J!OXTA(il'K
MIt. I1 Altl.l S TI'RXKIt.
1 P.O G It A M M K.
Pianoforte ltuet Marehe Heroiiue Schubert.
Miss C. Custle and Mr. ei. Lu Bubcocfc.
Song "The Uist Watch " P'msuti.
Mr. Charles Turner.
Part Sun? "Arrow and the sutix S'. Hay.
Ballad " sin Sweet Bird " Oauz.
Mt Amiis Montague.
Allegro from Sonata in F, piano and io!in
Mr. J. W. Yarndley and (;. E. Babcock.
Part Song May" Mendelssohn
tirand Ariu " Ombuu L-i;?iera lilnorah"
Miss Amiis Montague.
Christmas Sontr '' Noel " vdain.
Mr. Charles Turner.
Violin So'.o ' Morceux de Salon Rosenheim.
Mr. J. W. Yarndley.
IniennisMon Ten M inutes.
Coiirludinjf with it selection tin costume.' from
Donizetti's romantic opera
"Lucia di Lammermoor."
Scene 1. I.ucia and Alice. Legend of the
Scene -J. Edgar and I.ucia. eirand Duo aud
I.reiA . M iss Annis Moiuairne.
A Lies. .v Miss llertha Von Holt.
Eihjak ok Ravk-N.swooo Mr. C. Turner.
BOX PLAN now open at J. E. WISEMAN'S
for season or separate tickets
171-niv 1" tf
REGULAR JMI SALE.
On SATl ltDAV, MAY Killi, at lO A.M..
At our Salesroom, will be sold
A (Jeneral Assortment of
And at 1- Noon,
One Maxtor Steam Engine,
I,"'H A I.KVKY.
riMIE UNDERSDJNED IS PRKPAP.ED TO
J. receive tenders up to 4 V. M. on SATURDAY,
the Kith instant, for the purchase of the
Mftcliinery, lInIlIiii-HiiI l.ensc of t lie
Sliop of J. II. liriiiis. Jr.
Full particulars can be had upon application to
AV. V. I'AItKE.
Assignee Estate J. H. Bruns, Jr.
Honolulu Eire Department
rplIE MEMBERS OF THE SEVERAL FIRE
I Companies are requested to assemble at the
square opposite the Hall of Mechanic Engine Co.
No. 2, In FULL UNI FORM, w ithout their fire
Sl'XDAY AFTERXOUX, MAY 171 li,
At 1 o'clock, for the purpose of attending the
funeral of Her late Majesty tjueen Dowager
Emma. A full attendance is desired. Per order
169 my IS
riHlE MAIL BY TIIE STEAMSHIP "MARI-
I POSA " w ill close at the Postotllce '
At lO A. M.. Fiiilay. May 15, 1HS.. !
A LATE LETTER P.AO will be kept open till
1 1 A. M. to receive late letter, on which hp addi
tional fee of FIVE CENTS EACH LETTER must ,
be paid. !
ITS" Letters for REGISTRATION will here-!
eeived till 'J o'clock Friday miming. '
Cc'IVrs'ins mailing correspondent e on the:
morning of the steamer's departure are rcip:,-:-! 1
t stamp all bdt.Ts lief.jre os;:ig tlietn
Iff. M. WHJTXKV. I. I. ii.
Postoilicc, llolu hilii, May I--', - Ji.i:.my 1 1 -t '
Islands. In t;i" matter if the Kankrnptcy ot
KWONO SAM CHIN COMPANY. Before Mr.
Justice McCuIiy. KWUMi SAM CHIN COM
PANY, doing business in Laupahoehoe, Island of
Hawaii, having this day been adjudicated bank-
...... .... !..-. . .9 L" ii'in.fT "Vf... Si , i r 4 'i ,1 e
- . . ..I ... ..... ..............
it is hereby ordered that all creditors of said bank-
nipt come in and prove their claims before me, at
And it is further ordered that, upon said day, the
,1,, nrrwoort to tinlil !, V T V. "I T 1 N of all
IV I - 1 11 Fl . 1 V , ' . U V ' " 1 ' - - . - - . " " - -
assignee or assignees of said bankrupt estate, and
that notice hereof be published lu the Daily Bul
letin, Daily Advertiser and Hawaiian Chinese
News, newspapers of Honolulu, until sail hearing.
Dated Honolulu, Mav 1- It 3.
Attest: L. McCULLY,
Justiee Supreme Court.
HENRY SMITH, Deputy Clerk.
10 1 .my 11
Ice and Refrigerating Co. ;
X noon can be accommodated by sending their j
orders to the People's Ice Company's works.
Telephone 1, before 2 o'clock p. m. of each day, J
(Sundays excepted). Said company dispatch a j
delivery wagon at that hour to their down town i
113 tuyie JOHN M. SASS, Manager
-J. SI' K - .- ... jr S -Jf
LEWIS & CO.,
6T AND 6.t HOTEL isVKKET (t'AM rilKIX'S FIUE-l'ltUOU 1U11.1UNO .
AVliolesale and Retail Grocers.
HOLLISTER &z CO.
The Hartford Fire Insurance Co.,
OK HAliTFORD, OOjS3"Sr.
ORGANIZED 171) 4.
-SURPLUS AS Te POLICY HOLDERS
Having established an AifencV at Honolulu for the Hawaiian Islands, the uudersiKiied is prepared
to accept risks against tire on Buildings, Merchandise. Furniture and Machinery on the niont favor
able terms. LOsses PROMPTLY ADJUSTED AND PAYABLE HERE
H. ID. N loin tyre So 13 ro.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Gf-roceries, 3?ro visions and Feed
EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
New Uoods received by every packet from the Eastern States and Europe. reNh California
Produce by every steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and eioods delivered to any part of the
city free of charge. Island orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Postotllce Box No. 145;
Telephone No. ik. SOapUl-Hfiln
Ti. B.-K ERE.,
If an Just Return! from Euroi
WITH A LARGE STOCK OF
New Goods and Materials
Of the Latest Styles and Patterns,
Which lie is Prepared
LOWEST PEICES POSSIBLE
J O IT "jNr
r, t ti
the Old Stand, No. 8
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN ALL TIIE I. A TEST IMPROVED
Stoves oLiicl TitLiiges,
eiranlte Iron Ware, Plain and Nickel-Plated ;
Tin Ware, of all kinds ;
Lamps and Lanterns ;
I'u nips ;
, Plumbing, Tin, Copper
OF ALL KINDS,
A Variety of nouse Furnishing tJoods, too
toU continually on the way.
Oil a opeciftlty. Goods de.'Ivired
Agent for the Hawaiian Islands.
to Make up In the
TP A SHION,
my 1 1
1ST O T T,
Kaahumanu Street, Honolulu,
Rubber Hose ;
Galvanized Iron and Lead Pipe ;
Sheet I-ad and Copper ;
Iron-Stone Drain Pipe.
and Sheet Iron Work.
numerous to mention.
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