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THE DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER
Pacific ConDiercial Advertiser
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jer annum - -
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will-always be very acceptable.
Persons residing In any part of the United States
can remit the amount of subscription due by Post
Offlce money order.
Matter Intended for publication In the editorial
coiomns should be addressed to
KDifoa Pacific Cokxksciai. apvxbtisjeb."
Business communications and advertisements
should be addressed simply
P. C. Adtkrtuer."
and not to Individuals.
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Is now for sale daily at the Fallowing Places :
J. M. OAT A CO Merchant street
T. O. THRUM Merchant street
I. MOORE 134 Nnuana street
CRYSTAL SODA WORKS Hotel street
N. F. BURGESS King street
WOLF fc EDWARDS...Cor King and Nnuanu iu
Five Cents per Copy.
A GREAT NEWSPAPER.
Tuk WekkIiY P. C. Advertiser Is the best
and most complete paper published In the King
dom. Having been thoroughly remodeled In all
Its departments, it will be found to be uniformly
bright, newsy and reliable. Being intended speci
ally for the family circle, It will contain nothing
offensive to morals or refined taste. Arrange.
laents have been perfected for giving a complete
digest of the world's news up to latest date, in
addition to all the local and general news of the
Kingdom. Correspondence, detailing facts, is in
vked from all parts of the Islands. Orders for
subscriptions should be addressed to the Manager,
The Wiklv P. C. Advertiser Is mailed to
Subscribers at $3 per annum, payable in advance
Remittances may be made by P. O. Order.
Mr. A. M. Mellia has secured the exclusive right
to the city routes for the P. C. Advkhtwkb, dally
and weegly, and Is now anthorized to collect sub
Payment on Recount of subsc riptious may also
be made nt the Publishing OfHce, Merchant street.
where orders for subscription, and notices of
change of address, etc., will also he received.
Subscribers will please report any complaint for
non-delivery, or other cause, at this office.
MR. ED. F. .FITZGERALD is authorized to
solicit ad vertlsemeuts and printing for the Pacific
L. MONTGOMERY MATHER,
Business Manager P. C. Advertiser.
, Aprd 30 ,"1885. " ' tf
The Saturday Press is the self-con
stituted censor of public and private
morals for Honolulu and the suburbs
thereof. Acting iu the first capacity
last week, It advised everybody to
poke his nose into every other body's
business, " with eyes wide open to see
whether they care for or do not care
for reform; and, if they do, what
sacrifices they are prepared to make
for reform!" "Reform" of what?
" Sacrifices " for what ? If this lan
guage or advice have any meaning at
all, it is intended to set the com
raunity by the ears. As a peace
maker, therefore, we advise our
neighbors and friends to give reform
busy-bodies the " cold shoulder " at
all times and ia all place, and if that
treatment should not be effective,
then let them be told in as plain aud
vigorous English as can be used, to
mind their own business. There is
no need to make "sacrifices" for
anything in particular in this coun
try that we can think of, except it
may be on the part of those who
speak thraugh the Press, and who are
never happy unless they are stirriug
up strife and making enmity among
neighbors. The result is a super
structure of cant and hypocrisy which
is really the only thing about the
entire community standing in press
ing need of reform. By all means
let it be reformed bodily out of exist
ence. But it was in its capacity of censor
of private morals that the Press of
last Saturday exceeded itself. Its
article headed "Young Men in Our
Homes" was tho chilliest specimen
of what a witty American calls
"frozen cheek," that we ever stumbled
upon in any "chaste family and re
ligious journal" like the Saturday
Press. This will be understood when
we state that the self same paper con
tained an advertisement of a "medical
expert," far more suggestive, far
more insidious and corrupting in tone
and tendency than any possible con
tact of youth and innocence, iu the
home circle, with the most "un
scrupulous blackguard " (we quote
the Press) to be found on the " home
visiting list" of the families whose
morals and manners are in the keep
ing of that paper.
Our contemporary speaks, of course,
from actual knowledge of its own
"set," and although we should regret
if its remarks were fully borne out by
facts, we venture to suggest that the
worst that can be said of the social
stratum which it condemns so em
phatically is not half as bad as what
might be said about itself as a cor
rupter of youth, by the Introduction
of impure suggestion and disgusting
statement into the family circle, un
der the guise of a harmless profes
Now, what can be said of the gall"
of a newspaper, which prostitutes
tself every day of publication for
coin, by promising the hope of physi
cal immunity to victims of vice and
immorality, while denouncing, in its
editorial columns, the practices it
stimulates for hire in another part of
he same sheet? And we ask every
honest-minded person what should be
thought of the limp morality of tho3e
by whom such a publication is sustained?
We may be told that the advertise
ment in question does not now out
rage public decency as it did when it
first appeared under contract in tiiv
Press. That is quite true; but it did
outrage decency when it appeared,
and it is the same advertisement with
its superfluous encouragement to de
bauchery cut out by the thrifty cen
sor, which now does by suereestion
what it feared to continue to do by
open and naked avowal. Every head
of a family, however; every man and
woman of the world; every reputable
physician in this community, will
agree with us in thus characterizing
the style of advertisement, which
the Saturday Press does not hesitate
to send into the virtuous homes of
When the Press undertakes to lec
ture heads of families in Honolulu,
therefore, as to who and what man
ner of men they should receive as
visitors at their homes, its own hands
should be clean. But when the pub
lie knows that its hands are cramped
over coin, wrung from victims of Siu
by the physician of Vice, the stu
pendous insolence of the Press censor
ship of private morals becomes some
thing to be wondered at, and spat
upon by decent people.
ABOUT BEET SUGAR.
The beet sugar industry has not
prospered in the United States for
two reasons: Labor is Uo dear to
admit of raising sugar beets at an
average of profit over more certain
and less troublesome crops ; and the
manufacturers could not- always rely
upon a supply of beets containing
the requisite percentage of saccbar
ine matter. There is a great deal of
science in the cultivation of sugar
beet, and American agriculturists
could not afford the time and money
necessary for successful experiments
As a consequence, every beet sugar
refinery in the States was closed in
due process of time except the one
near San Francisco, in Alameda
county. It has been run at a profit
I . ' A - -
indirect protective " advantage o
the uniform price list adopted by the
San Francisco cane sugar refineries
and because, also, the soil is specially
adapted to the growth of sugar beets.
But California farmers are dissatis
fled with the price at the refinery
and having only the one market, and
that of very limited extent, there is lit
tie probability that the same attention
will be given to this crop as formerly
Fruit or alfalfa would pay five or six
times as well as sugar beets, except
for cattle feed, and that being the
case, we do not attach any great im
portance to the Alvarado beet sugar
refinery. Nevertheless it is well to
consider it as a factor in the sugar
problem. It is there and in opera
tion, and its output comes into com
petition with Hawaiian sugar. For
this reason the following extract
from the report of that company
should be of interest to every one in
auy way identified with the sugar in
dustry of these Islands. The docu
ment from which we quote says :
Our sixth campaign ended March 28th.
"We worked up 16,354 tons of beets, which
produced 2,167,273 pounds of refined sugar,
being about 7 per cent. We obtained over
10 per cent, of refined sugar during the first
four months of the campaign. In conse
quenca of our unusually warm winter the
sugar in the beets inverted very rapidly the
last part of the campaign, which reduced
the percentage. By a new process discovered
by us, we obtain ovtr 10 per cent, first pro
duct, during the time that the beets remain
fresh, which, in ordinary seasons, is about
120 days. A United States patent has just
been granted us to cover the process. This
large percentage is not attained in one
oporation by any other manufacturer of beet
root sugar in the world. By this discovery
we were enabled to make and deliver in bar
rels in the San Francisco market pure,
white, dry, granulated sugar, during the
first of the campaign, at a cost of 54 cents
per pound. We have contracted for all the
beets we want this season for $1 a ton. Paid
$4 50 last year. We can obtain sufficient
lots at $4 per ton to supply a 200-ton fac
tory. Ours only has a daily capacity of 80
tons Letts. Few people are aware that the
yield of sugar per acre is greater than wheat
or barley. .Our best beet land. yieli from
3,000 to fi.000 pounds refined sugar per acre,
being greater than the average yield from
cane lands. An acre of beets can be culti
vated at less cost than an acre of cane. It
matures in five months. It takes cans over
twelve months to mature. We have millions
of acres of land on this coast that will pro
duce as much sugar per acre as the best
sugar lands in the Hawaiian Islands, and at
less cest per pound.
California, Oregon and Washington
Territory have within their boundaries
nearly 100,000,000 acres more land than the
whole Prussian Empire, and a better soil
and climate for the production of sugar
beets. That Empire produces annually
nearly double the amount of sugar required
to supply the Caited States on less than 15,-
000.000 acres of land. We hare double that
producing sugar on- this coast. Notwith
standing which, we send $100,000,000 every
year to foreign countries to pay for sugar.
Our Government subsidizes the sorghum
industry to the extent of $30,000 a year.
Sorghum contains but little over three per
cent of crygtalizable Bazar. We cet from
the beet from ten to eleven per cent. Bui
the United States Department of Agriculture
cannot be made to see that the only eolation
of the question of home production of sugar
lies in the beet, but continues year after
year to pursue the sorghum phantom at a
cost of $50,000 a year."
TO THE HUMANE.
There is a case for the humane in
our police report to-day. A little boy,
without parents or home, was brought
up as a vagrant and committed by
Judge Bickerton to the Reformatory
School till he arrives at maturity.
This was the best thing the Judge
could do with him; but it is not the
best that society should do with this
helpless human waif of nine years.
Surely something might be done to
better his condition, and make life a
trifle attractive to this little father
less and motherless native Hawaiian
boy. If not, then hath our boasted
Christian civilization and elaborate
charitable and educational systems
a weak joint somewhere in common.
The Reformatory School has been
founded for the reclamation of incor
rigibles, and with every possible
allowance for care and efficiency in
the management of that institution,
we venture to think that this help
less little orphan will learn a great
deal more than he should from his
older class mates. Of course, his lot
as a street child would have been far
worse. But we venture to put in a
plea for him to the tender impulses
of our fellow citizens who may so
very easily provide for his support
and education elsewhere.
Honolulu Fire Department.
Thursday of this week, June 4th, will
be the 28th anniversary of the organiza
tion of the Honolulu Fire Department.
Engine Company, No. 2, was in exist
ence as early as 1852, but the department
was not organized until five years later.
Mr. A. J. Cartwright was the first Chief
Engineer, and served as such a number of
years. He was succeeded by Mr. Dick
Gillilland, who died in 1874. Then came
Mr. Dick Nevil, who, while berving as
Deputy Sheriff ou Hawaii, was killed in
a riot by some religious fanatics calling
themselves "Kouaites.'' The next
Chiefs of the department were Messrs.
C. E. Williams, J. H. Hussinger, Chas.
Spencer, James Lemon (deceased),
George Lucas and the present incumbent,
Mr. John Nott.
Mr. Nott has served as Engineer in the
department eleven years, during three of
which he has been its Chief. From a
ftlTIAll rPtrmnifr tVio TInnnlolt, T?J T-
partment has grown to be what it is a
thoroughly equipped and well disciplined
boily.of men who, as their predecessors
have always done, take great pride in do
ing their work wtilwhen tbey are called
upon to battle with fire, and at all tines
cultivate a friendly feeling with each
other, so that they now compare favora
bly with auy like organization elsewhere.
The domestic exports for the month of
May were as follows: Sugar 17,549,272
pounds, rice 345,550 pounds, hides 1,298,
calf skins 2C,Jgoat skins 4,001, sheep skins
725, bananas 6,590 bunches, molasses 20,
442 gallons, coffee 500 pounds, betel leaves
22 boxes, awa root 10 boxes; total value ;
The total value of thu like exports for
the mouth of April this year was $G5G,
40S 46. Thus in May the increase iu the
value of our domestic products exported
was $347,398 29. This gain is to be at
tributed to the greater quantity of sugar
exported, the shipments of that important
product LeiDg 4,596,059 pounds greater
during May than in last April.
JftiMie and Sou;?.
The last of the Montague-Turner con
certs took place last eveniug iu the Music
Hall and was well attended. The per
formance was very good, and besides the
fine singing of Mr. and Mrs. Turner, the
other ladies and gentlemen acquitted
themselves very well. Mr. and Mrs.
Turner hare delighted all who have heard
them, aud if they will give a farewell con
cert upon their return from their contem
plated trip to Maui, all will be pleased to
go and hear them again.
SPECIAL MD DIPOETAOT
Trade Credit Sale at Auction on
Wednesday, June lO, 1885.
CASTLE & COOKE
HAVE RKCKIVED AND OFFF.K FOR SALE.
Ex. u MENDOTAv' and Other Late Arrivals
From New York aud San Francisco, a Large and Varied Assortment of
Merchandise, Suitable for
Plantations, Country Stores and Families,
MESSRS. LYONS & LEVEY, Auctioneers, have received instruc
Messrs. G. W. Macfarlane & Co.
To sell, at their Salesrooms, the following lot of new consignments, just re
ceived from the manufacturers :
560 doz men's Assorted Calico Cheviot and Flannel Shirts.
104 doz men's Assorted Silk, Merino and Canton Flannel Underwear.
59 doz men's Assorted Fancy Colored Satin Neck Ties.
170 doz men's Brown and Fancy Colored Half Hse.
58 doz men's Blue Dungree Jumpers.
185 doz ladies and misses' Plain and Fancy Colored Hose.
2S0 doz ladies' Plain White and Fancy Border Handkerchiefs.
58 doz ladies Assorted Colored Knit Shawls.
38 doz children's Sun Bonnets.
5 cases Assorted Fancy Colored Crettons.
7 cases Assorted Fancy Colored Sateens.
78 pieces Assorted Colored Flannels.
94 pieces Assorted Colored Fine Cassimere.
38 pieces Assorted Colored Fine Diagonals.
24 bales Assorted White, Red and Gray Blankets.
50 pieces Assorted Width Cocoa Matting.
47 packages Assorted Crockery.
11 packages Assorted Glassware.
5 packages Assorted Stationery, etc., etc.
4 packages Japaned Toilet Sets.
3 packages Violins and Musical Instruments.
And Other Goods too Numerous to Mention.
This sale will comprise some of the most desirable lines ever offered,
being expressly manufactured for the Island trade, to which we call special
attention of storekeepers and others. Goods ready for examination on Mon
day and Tuesday previous to day of sale.
LYONS & LEYEY, Auctioneers.
Or G. W. MACFARLANE & CO.
The James I. Dowsett.
Mr. Wudenburg's taut little steamer, the
James I. Dowsctt, which arrived from
San Francisco last Sunday eveniug, now
lies at the Brewer wharf. She was visited
by a large number of people yesterday,
and was spoken of very favorably by those
who are supposed to kuow what consti
tute the good points of an interisland
steam vessel. In the aftevuoou her cargo
was overhauled and a good opportunity
was afforded for examining tbo vessel.
She is a 100-tou boat, mid ai strain
ten knots au hour. Her h-utii ov. r nil
is 90 feet, with 20 fi. t bi-iUu .tu.I 8 iV t
depth of hold. She is therefor f.nr Icf.t
longer and two feet wider thiu the
steamer Mokolii. Her cabin is neatly
fitted up. Her officers comprise the fol
lowing: Captain, John Smith; Chief En
gineer, W. Boyd; 1st Assistant Engineer,
The James I. Dowsett steamed all the
way at an average speed of seveu knots
per hour. The highest run made in one
day was 180 miles, on May 28th. Her
engines worked well during the run down
from San Francisco. The total consump- :
tion of coal was seventeen tons. i
SALMON ! SALMON !
Ex. W. H. DIMOND.
A Fine Lot of Red Fish.
FOR SALE BY
Castle c& Cooke.
BRICKS ! BRICKS !
Ex. W. IT. DIMOND.
6. W. MACFARLANE & CO.,
Cor. Fort & Queen Sts.,
HONOLULU, II. I.
Sole Aleuts Tor tliin Favorite Brand of
CM A. I PAGNE.
4 tf A W
Carpenter, No. 31 Alakea St,
Will attend and contract for all kinds of work in
RKVOVINO, RAISING or REPAIRING old
or new buildings.
Work to be paid for when complete.
Satisfaction guaranteed, or no pay.
Charges as low as the lowest In the town.
FOR SALE BY
Castle fc Cooke.
Notice to tlie Public.
1'o.st Office box H-'i.
Ladies" Hair Dressing Parlors,
Fort street, opposite Iotld's Stables.
quantity of better land for the purpose of 1 papers
By the Alameda yesterday the PostofHca
sent 5,930 letters. and 1,843 packages of
1ATK OF SAN FRANCISCO. HAS OPENED
a Ladies' Hair Dressing Parlor, where will be
kept a fine stock ot Hair Goods, Toilet Articles,
etc. Ladies waited on at their residence, if desired-
Ladies and Children's Hair Cutting a
specialty. Gents' Tonsorial Parlor In connection.-
1TT E TAKE PLEASURE IN ANNOUNCING
to the public that, In addition to our
PASTRY AND CONFECTIONERY business, we
will open an
Ice Cream IParlor,
(Which has been fitted to suit the reonlrements
of our first-class trade), on
SATURDAY, APRIL 25T2J.
Our Creams will be of SUPERIOR QUALITY
only, being made of Genuine Cream, u supply of
which we have secured from the Vodlawn
Dairy. From samples furnished us. v 3 are able
to guarantee the best quality of Ice Cieam. The
followlD? assortment of Ice Creams and Herberts
will be furnished on our opening day, SATUR
DAY, APRIL 25Tn:
ICE CREAMS Vanilla, Lemon, Chocolate,
Coffee, Pine Apple, Strawberrj-, CoflVe Glace.
SHERBERTS Orange, Strawberry.
We are also prepared to furnish Ice Cream to
parties, dinners, etc., and to customers at their
homes. Our Parlors will be open every day and
evening:, except Sunday. Parties desiring Ice
Cream on Sunday must give their orders for the
same on Saturdays before 9 o'clock P. if. The
Cream will be delivered before 10 A. M. Sunday
mornings, packed so as to keep hard eight hours.
Hoping to get a share of public patronage in
this line of our business, and thanking the public
for their liberal favors In the past, we remain
MELLER & HALBE,
94-ap24-tUAw Lincoln Block, King street
.ONSISTING IN PART OF-
Palace Kerosene Oil the highest test oil in the market. Vulcan and Electrio Kero
sene Oils, Lard Oil in barrels and cases, Sperm and Cyliuder Oil, Albany Compound
Plumbago, etc., Galvanized and Tlain Cut and Wrought Iron Nails, Galvanized Cor
rugated Iron, Plain Iron and Basket Fence Wire, Tlaiu and Perforated Sheet Zinc,
Galvanized Wire Cloth, Centrifugal Wire Cloths, Centrifugal Rubber Springs,
Blake Pump Company Patent Rubber Valves aud Springs, I. R. Hose,
inch to 1 inch, 3 and 4 ply. Steam Packing, round, square and flat, all
styles, Anvils, Vises, Hydraulic Rams. Jack Screws, Paris Steel Breaking Plows the
boss plow yet; Molisse Furrowing aud Breaking Plows, all feizes, Cultivators, Horse
Hoes, Gang Plows, Planters' Hoes, our own make, inch Goose Neck Lane's
Planters' Hoes, Shovels, Spades, Rakes, Forks, Scoops, Bush Scythes, Feed Cutters,
Cane Knives, our own make and superior quality; Lawn Mowers, Road Scrapers,
Cart Axles, Fairbank's Scales, three sizes; Grindstones, all sizes, Axes, Hatchets,
Pick and Ax Mattocks, Pick Axes, Horse Shoos, Machiuo Bolts, all sizes and
lengths, a full and superior Hue of Shelf Hardware, Builders' Hardware a full line;
Locks, Buts, Screws, Hinges, Staples, Tacks, Brads, etc., Planes of all kinds,
Bailey's Patents, etc., Machinists' tools of all kinds, Hammers, etc.. Paints, Oil
White Lead and Zinc, Rubber Paint, Boiled and Raw Oil, Valentine's Varnishes,
Turpentine, Patent Dryers, a large variety of small paints iu Oils, Chandeliers, Glass
Lamps, Lanterns, a large variety, Stationery Inks, Tiu and Hollow Ware, Medicine.
BLUE DENIMS, 8, 9 and 10 oz. at bottom rates.
FINE RED SALMON, in barrels.
BENICIA MILLS Family Flour.
CRUSHED and GRANULATED SUGAR, in half barrels.
GIANT POWDER. GELATINE POWDER, very effective.
Hew Uoods Ex pee toil per Steamship AIauieIa.
BLAKE BOILER, FEED, LIGHT SERVICE and VACUUM PUMPS IN STOCK.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY
NucceNMortt to Dillingham t Co. nml ftauiuel Xoll.
Light Steel Flows
5AKERS. V 1 HI vM
Made from nur
They are the BEST DOUBLE FURROW PLOWS we ever used." V. A. CHAI'IN, Manager
'It Is the BEST BREAKING PLOW I ever used." J. L. RICHARDSON, Munuger Waiuiiuv
"The VERY BEST BRE.! KING PLOW I ever used in this or any other country." WM . Y.
HORNER. J-ahaiiia, Maui.
New Goods received per Morning Star" and other late arrivals: Silver Fluted Ware, Stoves.
Ranges and Tinware: Refrigerators and Jc Clients; House Furnishing Ooods, Chandeliers, Ianips
and Lanterns ; Soap aud Candles. . Ruluiiee of ouKinuient of dorks very low.
OIL ! OIL ! OIL ! OIL ! OIL ! OIL ! OIL !
Skldgate, Genuine Albany Cylinder, Lubricating, I.ard. Peanut, Custor und Nealsfoot. Paints
Paint Oil, Turpentine, Varnishes'. California Wind Mills, the best In use. A very complete stock of
Hardware and Agricultural Implements. Correspondence solicited.
5i52-aP-iy PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY, Honolulu.
Ji;. O. HALL & SOJNT (Limited),
Have Just received front Boston, e.x. MKNDOTA, and by other lat
arrivals, the following, viz:
DOWNERS KEROSENE Oil., TURPENTINE ANJ 1A1NT OlE,
BOSTON CARD MATCHES, HINT'S II'DID AXES,
IIX'NTO HATCHETS (AH Kiils , NORWAI.K LOCKS,
ICE CBEAM FREEZERS, ktEFRlUERATORS,
ERASIVE SOAP, COEATES TOILET SOAPS,
YELLOW LAUNDRY SOAP, CASTILE AND HARNESS SOAP.
Stores ani Ranges
OF ALL SIZES,
And Kitchen Furniture
Of Every Description.
Iron, Granite Ware,
Wire Cloth (all sizon,,
Packing, all kinds,
The Largmi stock in the
Lnrd Oil, In UiM-h and I'M-..,
Black Oil, i.i barrels,
Skidegate Oil, in cttsexp
Cylinder Oil, In cases,
Parafine Oil, hi cases,
Sperm Oil, In drums
AXLE GREASE. Also, Neat's Foot and Peanut Oil by the cas or gallon.
Just to hand, a new lot of Hall'M Celebrated Plows ami Rreakers, and about two
hundred pairs of Plow IlRiMlIe of all sizes. Also, extra Plow Share to fit all our plows
Plow Beams. All kinds of Agricultural Implement needed for rice or cane culture.
A Fine Stock of Shelf Hardware Constantly on Hand.
We make a specialty of filling orders ;or country stores and plantations, and with our superior
facilities and long experience, can do so with the greatest dispatch.
All onr Goods are of the Rest Quality, mid are mold at Lowest Market Rale.
E. O. HALL & SOoST.
M. W. McCHESjW & SON
May 8th Per Mariposa, 1,754 Packages ;
May 22d-Per Alameda, 1,922 Packages ;
To Arrive Per Consuelo, 332 Packages,
Will be Sold at the Lowest Mavket Hates,
M. W. McChesney & Son,
42 and 41 qneeu Street, Honolulu,