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VOL. IV.-NO. 337.
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Every 3Iorninsr Except Sundays.
Daily f. C. Advkrtiskr, one your 5s
Daily 1. v. Abvebtiku, hIx montlis.. 3
ItAiLY P. Abvkrtiskk, three niontbn 1
JMily P. C. Advkrtiskr, per month
Wkkkly P. C. Advkrtiskr, one year 5
F ein Subscription, W. P. t A. (including
Patable Invariably in Advance.
Experience with Imported Cutlen.
About fcur years ago, Col. Frary, presi
dent of the Bridgeport Cutlery company,
while on a tour through Kurope, visited
many of the cutlery establishments in
Germany, Hamburg, and i.'nglaud. The
manufacture of razors being in a primi
tive state in this country, he decided that
he could do no better than to bring over
i-ome of the workmen to the L nited
fctates. The workmen in he ! eld, Eng
land, were, as a rule, members of the
trades unions, and Col. 1 rary had con
siderable ditliculty in engaging the men
whom he wauted. A few inouths later he
had the satisfaction of seeing forty of
them with their families sailing for this
country, accompanied by the secretary of
the trade-union. In Germany and Ham
burg he engaged sixty men, and at once
shipped them and their families to this
country. Separate rooms were fitted up
for the newly-arrived razormaktrs in the
shops at Bridgeport, the (Jerraa is being
in one part of the works and the English
Col. Frary said: "I h.td a great deal
of trouble with my men at first. I did
not have nearly as much trouble with the
Germans as with the English. The lat
ter demanded a separate work-room apart
from all the workmen in the factory. If
one of the men in my employ wauted to
enter the room while they were at work
they would throw down their tools and
would not resume their labors 'until the
visitor had closed the door behind him.
I was the only man in the eutire shop
whom they would let into the room with
out stopping work. A peculiar feature
about them was that they would not work
after 12 o'clock noon on Saturdays.
Whatever money was left after buying
the week's supply the men would goon a
spree with until the last cent was spent,
which, was usually about Tuesday morn
ing. American workmen are the best in
Male lUrdi as Dandles.
Charles Whimple in Magazine of Art.
The best time for seeing perfect feather
ing is in the winter, or onward to the
spring; then, after a very short honey
moon, the birds settle down to domestic
drudgery with exemplary ardor, with the
result that at the end of a few weeks their
tail-feathers are rough and irregular, their
pinions worn and ragged from constant
contact with the nest in sitting; and
by the time their new suit comes at
midsummer, they are more than ready
for It. The spring, of course, is the cli
max of a bird's life. "With scrupulous
care he arranges hourly his feathers, all
their markings are seeu to perfection, and
many peculiarities of decoration are then
and then alone displayed.
The fleshy combs and protuberances
become scarlet and enlarged, and any one
who ha3 not seen a pheasant or cock
grouse at this season of love would be as
tonished at the alteration from his normal
state. The cock pigeon swells that part
of his body most adorned with iridescent
feathers to make the grandest show he
can; and every humble finch and small
bird brushes up his modest finery.
It is said that not a single bright col
ored feather on any bird's body is left idle
or undisplayed. If birds have bright-colored
tails they raise them to their highest
and fullest and abase their heads;
if bright heads, then they shake
out their plumos, their eye dis
tends, and their wattles swell; and if, as
in some cases, they have large tippets of
feathers falling on both sides of the head,
they contrive the bewildered hen shall sec
all the glories of both sides at one glance,
and so drag all the feathers of the far side
round to the near side, making such a
Luge mass that the face is nearly hidden,
and the projecting beak alone shows where
the head must be. All this done for the
hen's benefit, and it is only done when
he U near; it all turns on her existence,
and ceases if she bo absent.
ii'rofossor C. K. Adams' Lecture.
"Whatever the faults of England, and
they are neither few nor small, it remains
unquestionably true that Anglican pres
tige stauds for the best that European
civilization has to offer in all parts of the
globe. The English Tag has everywhere
been the herald of representative institu
tions and the shield of religious and poli
tical freedom. Kussia, on the other hand,
is essentially Asiatic in her theories and in
her methods. .Napoleon said, "if you
scratch a liussian you come upon a Tar
tar. " ik it Is with Kussian civ.lization.
I nder a thin varnish of conventional po
litessc is to be found the most formidable
enemy in existence of representative in
stitutions and of social and religious free
dom. L'nless religious liberty is a fraud
political liberty a snare and a delu
tho further airrrandizement of Hus-
nt. thi exnense'of England would be
simnlv th i-levation of one power and
the decline of another, but the triumph of
absolutism over freedom and the pushing
back 01 civilization ieu.
Manners and Custom.
EiKiisl Magazine. 1
As a sign of affection kissing was un
known to the Australians, the Xew Zea
landers. the Papuans, the Esquimaux,
and other races. The Polynesians and
Malays always sit down when speaking
to a superior. The inhabitants of 31 alii
colo, an island in the Pacific ocean, show
their admiration by hissing; the Esqui
maux . pull a person's nose as a compli
ment a CLiUaman puts 0:1 his hat where
we should take it oil. and among the
same curious people a colli n U considered
as a neat and appropriate present for an
aged person, especially if in bad health.
Win. G. Irwin.
CLAUS SPJiEOKELS & CO.,
Th'aW Kxc tiauge ou the principal parts of the
Will rwi-ive deposit on open acount, iituke
collections anJ conduct a general bunking and
Deposits beuihiK interest received in their -Savings
Department subject to published rules and
H. HAOKFELD & CO.,
1 EXEKAL CO MM I KM I OX AKXTS.
X 11 tl Uueeu St., Honolulu, H.I.
W. MAKKTKN8. F OPr)r:liOKI.T
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
Importer &: Commission Merchant.
Wueen Street, Honolulu. H. I. H-lf
WM. O. 1KWIJ1.
WM. G. IRWIN & Co.,
SKilll FACTOILH anil Commission
AtikXTS. Honolulu I. I. 12-Uwtf
M. PHILLIPS & Co.,
Imiorter kiiI W holesale Healers iu
Clothing, Boots, .Shoes, Hats, Men's Furnish
ing and Fancy Cioods. No. 11 Kaahutuanu Street.
Honolulu, II. I. l.ttf-wtf
A. S. CLEGHORN & Co.,
Importer ami Wholesale aul Uetail
Corner Queen and Kaahuinanu Sts.
MACFARLANE & CO-, -
WHOLESALE I1EALEKS AND iK.
eral Jobbers Jn WINKsi and LJiiUOU-s.
Xo. 13 Kaahiimanu Street.
M. S. Grinbtuun & Co.,
tieneral Merchandise and Commis
sion Merchants, Honolulu, II. I.
No. 124 California street, San Francisco, Cal.
J. M. Oat, Jr., & Co.,
STATIONERS & NEWS DEALERS,
Hawaiian Gazette Blwk.
27 Merchant St., Honolulu. II. 1.
Manufacturing ) ewel er,
Opposite Holllster A Co.
Honolulu, II. I.
Particular attention paid to repairing.
ALVIN JI. RASEMAN,
2ajer lluler and lllank Hook
M a 11 11 lac 1 11 re r.
frJBookhiuding of all descriptions neatly and
promptly executed, and at reasonable charge.
27 tf MERCHANT STBKET.
J. C. JOHNSON & CO.,
LEATHER, HARNESS, SADDLERY,
12 and H Tine street, Xan Francisco, Cal.
Agents for Klrby's Santa Cruz Tanneries. Sole
Harness and all other kinds of leather.
For Sale or Lease,
ON Kl.NO STREET, SKA1I 1'AI.A.MA, A
large house and good lot. Rent, $40 a year.
The lease has still 8 years to run. Inquire at I
the office or
234OC10 "HAWAIIAN CHINESE NEWS."
AtR joseph smith will run fop. !
Al Representative for his district, North Ko-
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER G, 1885.
ROYAL INSURANCE COMP'Y
CAPITAL ft lO.OOO.OOO
1.1 J re IiiKiirauee of all deorlutlann
. will be effected at Moderate Kates 01 PTf ml
11111, hv the undersigned.
WM. O. IRWIN A CO.
sl-d&wtf Managers for Haw. Islands
XT PC" ION
Fin and Marine Insurance Co.
Of Xe ZenlHud.
CAPITAL.. : : ft 10.000.000
I IhvImk Established an Aeuey at
M.JL Honolulu, lor the Hawaiian islands, the uu
dersined are prepared to accept risks against Fire
in dw ellings, stores warehouses and merchandise
on favorable terms. Marine risks on cargo,
li eights, bottomry, proflts and commissions.
Losses promptly adjusted A- payable.
B2-dwtf WM. O. IIWIN & CO,
SO WALL STREKT. NEW VORK
rillie above Coinuany having: estab-
JL iished an Agency at Honolulu, for the Hawa
iian Islands, the undersigned Is authorized to accept
Merchandise, Freights. Treasure
Commissions, and Hulls.
At current Rates.
WM. C. IRWIN & CO.,
Sl-dwtf Managers lor Hawaiian Islands
C. O. BERGER,
NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO.,
CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE
SOUTH BRITISH AND NATIONAL IN
SURANCE CO. Fire and Mabine.
Combined Capital f20,000,000
HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE CO.,
COMMERCIAL- INSURANCE COMPANY,
Fire and Mabine.
MACNEALE A URBAN
S -A. F E S !
Fire 'Proof, Burglar Proof, Fire and
SPRINGFIELD GAS MACHINE.
Oas Fixtures of Mitchell, Vance it Co.
C. O. BERGEE,
100 my29 HONOLULU. H. I.
SUN FIRE OFFICE
O F I. 3f I X .
INSURANCES EFFECTED UPON EVERY
description of property at the current rates
Total sum Insured in 1834 - - 318,599,316
Claims arranged by the local agents, and paid
with promptitude and liberality.
The jurisdiction of the Local Tribunals recognized.
G. W. Macfarlane & Co.,
lOJ.lwlf Agents for the Hawaiian Islands.
ilLLER AND HALBES
lee Cream Parlor
lilnjf Street, Lincoln liluck.
gjgST A line assort ment of CANDIES
aiul CAKES always on hand. Parties
AN ABSOLUTELY PURE EXTRACT OF
A VALUABLE TONIC AND REMEDIAL
INDORSED AND EECOMMENDKD BY THE
ENTIRE MEDICAL FRATERNITY.
Of all medicinal preparations that have been put
upon the market iu recent yearn, the extract of
malthas proved itself one of (be most valuable
as a touic or remedial beverage. It has received
the unqualified recognition and support of phy
sicians, and is freely prescribed by them in many
cases, especially where the nervous or physical
systems have been impaired by disease or over
work. Tne house of "DAVID NICHOLSON,"
of this city, has recently introduced a pure malt
extract of htzh character, made at their request
and under their suggestions by Mr. Adolphus
Busch, aud which is popularly known as "NICH
OLSON'S LIQUID BKKAD," from its life-giving
and healih-restorinrf properties. A sample sub
mitted to Dr. F. L. James was made the subject
of a chemical analysis by him, and the result of
his investigations are given in the appended cer
titicate: "iT. Lot'ia, April 29, 181.
"W. F. CoULTiclt, Esq., National Druggist Dear
Sir: Having submitted the Nicholson mult ex
tract to examination, as requested, I take pleasure
in reporting that I find it to be all tliut the pro
prietors claim for it. The results, as shown in the
following summary, ure necessarily only approxi
mate, but are suftiblently accurate for all practical
The specimens submitted consisted of an
effervescing fluid, dark brown by direct and of a
deep ruby color by transmitted light, resembling
in general appearance and behavior a very supe
rior article of porter, Its taste was, however,
much milder and more pleasant than porter, be
ing somewhat sweeter than beer, the sweetness
masked and covered by a very pleasant bitter,
derived evidently from hops. The specific gravlty
ef a sample fresh f om the bottle is 1.0-2 plus.
Amount of extractive matter in 50 cubic centi
metres of the fluid is 3.9 grammes, or about 8 per
cent. Amount of alcoliol, per cent, is 2.84 plus.
The extractive matter Is apparently Identical with
the "extractum maltis" of Trommer, or of the
Oerman Pharmacopoeia. It consists almost en
tirely of malt sugar, dextrine, being free from
fatty acids, etc. The fluid contains a very large
amount of diastase, as shown by the fact that it
easily liquefies an equal bulk of gelatinous starch.
This fact, its low percentage of alcohol, its effer
vescence, its delightful taste and odor, all combine
to recommend Nicholson's malt extract as being
a most nourishing beverage, and the best article
of the sort that has ever come nuder my exami
"FRANK U JAMES, Ph. D M. D."
G. W. Macfciiiane & Co., Agents.
Iron & Locomotive Works,
Corner of Beale and Howard Streets,
SAN FRANCISCO CA LIFORNIA
V. II. TAYLOR President
JOS. MOORE Superintendent
I)UILDERS OF STEAM MACHINERY, IN
all Its branches; Steamboat, Steamship,
Land Engines and Boilers, High Pressure or
STEAM. VESSELS, of all kinds, built complete
with Hulls of Wood, Iron or Composite.
ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad
visable. STEAM LAUNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs
constructed with reference to the trade in
which they are to be employed. Speed, ton
nage and draft of water guaranteed.
SUOAR MILLS AND SUGAR-MAKING MA
CHINERY made after the most approved
plans. Also, all Boiler Iron Work connected
WATER PIPE, of Bailer or Sheet Iron, of any
size, made in suitable lengths for connecting
together, or Sheets Rolled, Punched and
Packed for shipment, ready to be riveted on
HYDRAULIC RIVETING, Boiler Work and
Water Pipe made by this establishment,
Riveted by Hydraulic Riveting Machinery,
that quality of work being far superior to
SHIP WORK, Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam
Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made
after the most approved plans.
AGENTS for Worthington Duplex Steam Pumps.
PUMPS Direct Acting Pumps, for Irrigation or
City Works' purposes, built with the cele
brated Davy Valve Motion, superior to any
other pump. 22Cse30-ly
XO. 7 FORT STBKET.
Opposite Wilder ft Co.'s
H. J. Norte, Propr.
OP1CX rOU 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. U
FIRST-CLASS LIXCIIF.S, COFFEE,
TTA, S0D1 WATEE, C1XGEB ALE,
Cigrars and Tobaccos
OF best brands
Plaiu and Fancy PIPES personally selected from
the Manufacturers, and a Large Variety
of BEST QUALITY
Lovers o BILLIARDS will find an Elegant
ESUKSWIC3 I CO. SILLIAED IAJLE
on the Premises.
The Pioprietor would be pleased to receive a call
from bis Friends and the Public generally
who may desire a
UVNC1I. A SMOKE, OB A GAME OF
H. J. N0LTK
SALMON ! SALMON !
Ex. W. H. IIMOND.
A Fine Lot of Red Fish.
FOR SALE BY
Castle & Cooke.
44 Louvre of Brussels."
Regs to ii.form h.s friends and the public gener
ally that he has moved from the corner of King
and Alakea streets to the more central location of
Fort street, just below Merchant, where he will
open on MONDAY, August ;lst, with an entire
new stock of
Unit ClettiliiK, l'uruisliiiis UooiIh,
IlHtt. Trunks. Valise. Etc.. Etc,
Novelties iu Ladies Hats, Ruschirigs, Laces, Em
A decided bargain in Table I.ineus and Napkins.
"LOUVRE OF BRUSSELS."
tn tut co., -
Queen it Edinburgh Streets,
WHOLKSALK A KKTAIL
HAY AXI) OKA IX.
Telephone No. 175.
Goods delivered promptly.
Iftlautl Orders .Solicited.
GRAHAM PAPER COMPANY,
St. Eoiiis, Mo.
Manufacture and Supply all kliuls of
Flat ami I.all Paper.
W. G. RICHARDSON,
303 EeideNdorir Ntreet.f
Telephone No. 47. MAN FRANCISCO.
X. B. Special Attention given to
Ears;e font r arts. 58 tf Aw
P PLANING MILL.
L2Z3 Alakea. near Qneeu St.
C. J. HARDEE, Proprietor.
Contracting & Building.
MOULDINGS AND FINISH
A L W A S ON HAND.
FOR SALE Hard aud Soft Stovewood, Cat
84 lilui; Street, Honoluln
CARPENTER AND BUILDER.
All kinds of Jobbing attended to.
BAGGAGE AND GENBKAL EXPRESS.
Draying and Steamer Freight carefully and
Soda V.'ater, (linger Ale and Tahiti Lemonade,
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes. The best in the
81 KINO STREET. - - - BUROESS.
Carpenter, No. 31 Alakea St.,
Will attend and contract for all kinds of work In
REMOVING, RAISING or REPAIRING old
or new buildings.
Work to be paid for when complete.
Satisfaction guaranteed, or no pay.
Charges as low as the lowest In the town.
Post Office box 15
IN TEN GALLON OK CMS,
Ex MENDOTA, for sale by
Castle & Cooke.
WENNER & CO.
2 Fort Street.
Have on hand New Foreign and Homemad
Watches, Bracelets, Necklets,
Pius, Lockets, Clocks,
And ornaments of all kinds.
Silver and Gold Plato,
Elegant Solid Silver Tea ftetn.
Suitable fr Presentation.
ENGRAVING AND NATIVE JEWELRY
IteualrluK Iu all lt branches.
Sole Agents for King's Eye Preservers.
f Importer ani Manufacturer Jj
Of all Description of
BOOTS & SHOES
CT Orders from the other Islands solicited.
No. 11.4 Fort St.. Honolulu.
All accounts for Advertising aud Job Printing
Jaeltie Commercial Avtler
Office will from tr Is date be presented for, pay.
Honolulu, March 2, 1835.
Burr & Finck,
The Leading Fashionable Tailors
OF NAN FRANCISCO.
No. 630 Market St., Opposite Palace Hotel.
Having already a large trade with Honolulu, they
respectfully solicit further Island patronage, and
are prepared to complete orders at one day's no
tice. Perfect satisfaction guaranteed, and the
llnest stock of latest goods constantly ou hand.
Ex. W. H. DIM ON D.
iforoia Hard Bricks.
FOB SALE BY
Castle & Cooke.
No. 6 Queen Street,
DEALER IN CHOICEST
Beef, Veal, Mutton, Fish, Etc.
Family and Shipping Orders carefully attended
to. Live Stock furnished to vessels at short
notice, and vegetables of all kinds supplied to
order. 102 tf
Q. J. WALLER,
Choicest Meata ironi Finest llerd
Families and shipping supplied on SHORT
NOTICE and at the
Lowest Market Prices.
All meats delivered from this market are thor
ougly chilled immediately after killing by means
of a Bell-Colemaa Fatent Dry Air Refrigerator.
Meat so treated retains all Its Juicy properties,
and la GUARANTEED TO KEEP LONGER
AFTER DELIVERY THAN FRESHLY
KILLED MEAT. HMt
PRICE 5 CENTS.
S. L. STA.NLKY.
Spruance, Stanley & Co.,
Importers and Jobbers of Fine
WHISKIES, WINES and LIQUORS,
410 Front San Franrlwco.
S? tf Aw
Fashionable Boot Maker,
No. SC8 Bush SI., San Francisco. Cal.
Will Bll orders In bl Hue at the shortest posiUMe
notice. Planters will Hud It te their advautnK Ij
call an MR. CTHCU1U before going elsewhere.
Fulton Iron Works,
HINCKLEY, SVIKltS & llAYI.v,
Of San FraiyiHCo.
All kinds of Machinery Mid Rollers. SpeoInHli s-
ICE AND RKFRIOERATINC MACHINERY,
CORLISS KNUINEN, BABCOOK VIl,CO
BOILERS, DEAN K A 1 K, VACCl'M ANI
STEAM PUMPS, LLLWELl.VN HEATERS,
ETC., ETC. l!7-auiBtJil.v
S. I. Taylor & Co.,
Agent South Coubt Paper Milla. Proprietors
Pioneer aud Sail U roniino Paper M11U.
8TAAW TAPER. BOOK. MANILA, ETC.
Manufacturers and Dealers.
411 and tie Clay street, San Francisco, Cal
10B JylO ly
YOSEMITE ROLIiKR FLOlJll.
The undersigned beg leave to announce tint
they are now manufacturing
FAMILY AND BAKERS' FLOUR,
By the ENTIRE ROLLER PROCESS, and are
prepared to till orders, guurantlng complete eativ
faction. Our flours have gained an enviable rej il
lation on the Pacific Const, and among bukers and
general consumers are more popular that any
other. Address orders to
Sl'LIVAI.O & FORMA N,
No, 4 15 Battery street, San Francisco, Cal.
I. HALL fc SON
NEW YORK. SAN FRANCISCO, HYDNKV.
Dunliam, Carrigan & Co.
IRON AND STEEL MERCHANTS,
San Francisco, Cal.
Demintr Palmer Milling Co.,
PROPRIETORS OF THE CAPITOL MILLS,
Ofllce 202 and 204 Davis street, San Frawlsf-o-Manufacturers
Of and lealeisin Flour, J rains a.
all kinds, Oatmeal, Bran, Middlings, Cornini tlf
Ground and Rolled Barley, Cracked Wheat,
Cracked Corn, Buckwheat Flour, Oil Cake Mcl,
Uomlny, Etc., Etc. " 124-auU0-l y
NE. Corner Mission and Main Streets, BAN
Hnlm A Plagreraaun, Proprietor..
Dealers In all kinds of OP.AIN and Manufaclu-r4
of MILL FEED, FAMILY FLOUR. MEALS OP
ALL KINDS, PEARL BAHLKY, SPLIT PEAS.
HOMINY, FARINA, ETC., ETC. Special at
tention Is called to fcur celebrated NORMAL
NUTRIMENT for babies, nursing mothers nr.d
convalescents, highly recommended by leading
physicians for Its excellent nursing qualities; war
ranted to keep In any climate. Orders will be
promptly filled and satisfaction guaranteed.
ZT ASK FOR
Goodyear's Rubber Goods,
BOOTS AND SHOES.
Goodyear Rubber Co.
R. II. PEASE, JR..
S. M. RUN YON,
CliaSsOppenheimer & Co.,
Manufacturers, Importers and Wholesale
BOOTS AND SHOES.
Salesroom, 113 Battery Street. Factory. Corner
Drumtn and Washington Streets.
120se22 SAN FRANCISCO.
KX-IiSTE & CO.,
HATS and CV2?ST
Nos. 26 and 28 Battery Street, S. E. Cor. of Pine,
121a22-8fi SAN FRANCISCO.
Hit? A ? TVO BS
i -a mtutmdu .mi J lr &m
(SeDd for Circular.
ThFull Business Course Includes Single and
Double Entry Book-keeping, as applied to a;i
departments of business; Commercial Arithmetic:
Business Penmanship; Mercantile f.aw; iu
Correspondence; Lectures ob Law; Butines
Forms, and the Science of Accounts; Actual Busi
ness Practice In Wholes! and Retail Merc han
dling. Commission Jo-l'.ng, Importing, Rail
roading, Express Business, Brokerage, and JJankJ
ing; EnglLsh Branches, Including Reading, (r pelt
ing, Grammar, etc.; Drawing and Modern Lan. .
guages, consisting of pracucal instruction Iu
French, German and Spanish.
Special Branches are: Ornamental Penman
ship. Higher Mathematics, Surveying, Naviga
tion, Civil Engineering. Assaying, Short-Hand,
Type-Writing, Telegraphy, etc.
For full information address,
E. P. IIEAI.O A CO.,
SAN FRANCISCO, Cal