T Jrl E
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Is now for .sale Dnv m n e l i!tv.i i- i !f t, .
X. H. SOPER ,
T. G. THRUM...
WORKS Hotel street
RETROSPECT OF 1838.
The year that closed at 12 o'clock mid
night, December 31st, was an eventful
one in the history of the Hawaiian King
dom. It was a bountiful one so far as
Nature's gifts are concerned The earth
yielded abundantly of it fruits to the
hand of labor. Indeed, rrnns nf -ill
y ... r -- :
kinds were heavier than in ordinary sea-!
sons, and although a long 'spell of dry;
weather at the close of the season ca-'ced
loss of stock to ranchmen, this did not
aggregate a great deal to 'lessen the total
profits of the yeas; And in nearly every
Joss, nlght have been prevented by
the exercise of a little forethought. The
lesson of 1880 in this respect is well
calculated to prevent a recurrence' of a
similar disaster. Fat stock will be mar-
Veteu "Sll not keiJt wn tne 'Pastllresi fr
the detriments 7,lng l'rnd' 'store'" cat
tie, while wells will be sunk at eonven
ient points to supply the animals with !
water. It was lack of water and not j
shortage of feed that caused the greatest
amount of mortality among the stock last
The statistics of trade and navigation
for 1836, so far as they have been com
piled, are very satisfactory. They ex
hibit marked progress in the industrial
development and business of the King
d ,m. The exports of domestic products
dining 1885 aggregated ?8,058,Gf:i ; for
first nine months of 1880 the total
v i.; $9,009,593, and a close approximate
I a : le export value of domestic produce
fi-.r the entire year is $10,244,000. This
to 1 would have been considerably in
cr". sed if any considerable part of last
-t-.. oil's sugar crop had leen marketed
. The sugar export in the last
ter of 18SG was about 4,000 tons,
le import trade likewise responded
he increased export of domestic
; - ucts. During 18S5 the total imports
; $3,830,544 the lowest figures since
; ss : ; in the nine months ended Septem
ber 30, 1880, the imports aggregated
,324,640, and since that date the large
iM jHjrtations of foreign merchandise will
j -i --y '.ably put the total for the past year
oil a par with the imports of 1383, which
v.:s the "banner" year for imports.
ih 'i'rtless much of this activity is ac-
ted for by the renewal of stocks and
ling material destroyed by fire. The
ras revenue in the three-quarters
d September 30th, was $437,846 27 ;
ring the year 1S85 the customs collec-
s reached $502,337 38.
onsiderible additions were made to.
; Hawaiian mercantile marine in 1S86.
fine iron steamships Australia and
.. andia, purchased by the Oceanic
inship Company from their British
. rs, were placed on the Hawaiian
ter, and are employed in developing
; aiian commerce in common with
t vessels of that company's fleet,
tonnage increase in the year was
. K8-9th tons. The Hawaiian mer
it navy now consists of 15 steamers,
rks, 3 brigs, 1 tern, 32 schooners and
i ! jps ; total , 13,910 tons.
The past year was rather disastrous to
a v. aiian shi pping, three of its coasting
steamers and one schooner having been j
I -r. In connection with the develop- j
m.-jM of Hawaiian shipping it may be j
uvntioned in this place that the Oceanic j
:-.amship Company is now the sole)
t r:tr;ickr for the Australian and Ban j
Vr.-.m-isco mail service, thereby connect-
i.j . ie" grat island continent of Aus
tralia and New Zealand directly with
Honolulu, to the manifest gain of our
trade and commerce, as well as provid
'.li ivgular steamer connection with the
v itlc Coast.
!;-Ktno win -o!iil nett-'d durilUT the
t 1 HI U ' - vw - - w j
year on a somewhat sounder basis 1
ih. usual. The failures were few, but
j'..- considerable amounts. In most
;.- they were what might have been
vted, and are a rebuke to the loose
:Ut system which atone and the same
v.. lessens trade profits and handicaps
est people who pay their bills, by
kting them high prices to cover the
airr losses through dishonest cus-
ers, a proportion of whom are know-pv-.
carried upon all storekeepers'
3ks. "irV$ practice has becoroo an
handsome citv. V ell-Iurnishea store
in large and spacious buildings on wide
streets occupy the place of the old-time
wooden shanties fringing narrow lanes, ,
streets and alleyways. The great fire of j
April, 1S86, has therefore proved to be
! eminentlv advantatreous to Honolulu,
beautifying its appearance, adding to its
fixed wealth and importance, and thor
oughly destroying! the germs of disease
and pestilence hidden out of sight in the
old 3qualid Chinese quarter.; The
builders' contracts for new buildings with
in the lines of the April fire, finished or
now in course of construction, 'will
amount to about. $200,000. All the
building material, except lime, has been
imported from the Pacific CVa?t. The
Bethel Union Church, one of the oldest
structures in Honolulu, was burned by
this fire; and the Sailors' Home on
Merchant street, being hxUy wrecked
on that occasion, has since been removed.
Thus twe;, conspicuous landmarks of old
Horvoluln have been destroyed.
While touching upon the improve
ments incident to the great fire, it
should be stated that the Bethel Union
Church Trustees have secured a central
site on Beretania and Bichard streets,
and begin building earlj this year.
Thev have the neeessarv funds on hand.
St. Andrew's Memorial Cattyv'f fttf-" was
formally pe. puUic worship on
'coVishnas Day, by the Bight Rev. Dr.
eat-1 . . . , , , , , . , ,
i vice was celebrated on mat lestivai ior
the first time in the chancel of the new
Cathedral, which was fitted up for
the purpose, and forms a neat and com
modious church. Kaumakapili Hawa
iian Church is likewise rapidly ap
proaching completion and is out. of debt.
A new carriage drive was made around
the base of Bunch Bowl, which has
greatly improved that part of the city
and added to the value of property. The
available water supply for Honolulu was
doubled during the past year by an out-
l:iv of :ihont $15,000. The present ca-
j -- i . i
nacitv of the water mains is 9,000,000
gallons in twenty-four hours.
Among the minor events of the year
were the establishment of a Post Office
Savings Bank, which has met with great
success. The Government pays 5 per
cent interest, and the money at deposit
is exempt from taxation. An annual
rejort is required. The deposits are
paid into the National Treasury and
will be accounted for. These deposits con
stitute a steadily increasing floating debt
for which the revenue is responsible.
The weak point in the system appears
to be that the deposits maybe used with
out specific -appropriation, and that quar
terly statements of account are not pub
lished for the information of depositors.
There were few disasters during the
year 1836, and no deaths of eminent per
sons to record. The Government con
cluded a Convention with the Empire
of Japan early in the year, which
brings Hawaii into closer relations with
the Mikado's Government. It likewise
regulates immigration, and will be found
of verv rreat advantage in this respect.
lagoon, a shallow entrance to which is fillec
had through a coral reef.
A diplomatic mission to the Polynesian
peoples was dispatched by the King on
December 26th, consisting of Hon. J. E.
Bush, Minister Plenipotentiary, and Mr.
II. F. Poor, Secretary of Legation. The
Minister is accredited as such to the
Kings of Samoa and Tonga, and is like
wise accredited as High Commissioner
to the Independent Chiefa and Peoples
of Polynesia. From Samoa the Embassy
will proceed to the Gilbert Islands and
Tonga. The instructions have not ben
The year 1886 has likewise been re
markaV.le for its political changes and
surprises. The general election was held
on February 3d, and resulted in a clear
majority of eight in favor of the Adminis
tration." Tiie Legislative session was
"opened by the King on April 30th, and
it continued in session, wim a ion
night's interval, until October 16th. The
bills introduced numbered 177; bills
passeo". 80; bills approved and become
law, 69; vetoed bills, 11. The session
was remarkable for the large appropria
tion and two Ministerial changes. The
Appropriation bill, as originally intro
duced, made irovk-' TL? ".'!!"
h7e'or.f.S30,809 92; estimated revenue,
$2,839,924 85. The Appropriation bill,
as it ultimately passed and was approved
October 15th, authorized the expenditure
of $4,552,477 16. To meet this increase
the Legislature made some slight changes
in import duties and fixed the assessed
taxes on realty and personal property
at one per cent. This change take3 ef
fect in 1887. The old law provided for a
tax levy cf fhree-quarters of one per cent
on the assessed valuation. A Loan Act
was likewise passed authorizing the bor
rowing of $2,000,000, of which $1,235,000
is to be applied to refund outstanding
bonds and repaying special loans. The
balance, minus $100,000 expense of
floating the loan, is to be applied as fol
Knrouraerement of immigration . . $150,000
.j . . i .
Honolulu Water Works.
ing that I
on the Si
Circuit, ast lViir
Justices, respect! v
The fiftieth bi
flip Tvinor. Vmvis.' t
occasion of nati
scale. The L-..
$15,000 to defrays
and although c
fully carried ocf
will long be rej
dom. The Q-i
President of the
and all classes i
viod with each'
a gfcg Antone
. e; refrain
cables and electric
TmnrfiVPtlimt harbor AlOllOiUlU
:inl new wharves 100,000
ininrnvt'tnpiit streets Honolulu and
mMdwuvs of the Kintrdom 15),000
Vpw bridges and landings 75,000
Purchase steam tug Eleu.
The King wavlh
j 'ements were
""by rain, the
in the King
Hand and the
) tii; : " lajesty,
i his "subjects
,ng him honor.
of many rare
long remembered by those who were
The Government and Consular flags
were flying throughout the day, and the
Chilean corvette Pilcomayo and other
vessels in the harbor were profusely dec
orated with bunting.
In the evening an informal dance was
held at the Palace. The building was
brilliantly illuminated with the electric
light. Quite a large number of invita
tions had been issued, and they wfere
generally accepted. The scene inside
the ball room was a gay one, the toilets
of the ladies and the uniforms of the
officers-, of the Chilean corvette present
ing a brilliant aspect. The Royal Ha
waiian Band played for dancing, which
was kept up with great spirit until this
morning. Supper and light refresh
ments were served during the night.
At 2 o'clock this afternoon the festivi
ties attending Her Majesty's birthday
will be brought to a close by a grand
luau, for which a large number of invita
tions have been issued.
Yuen Kee & Co. hare removed
Her Majesty Que- sl feas cele
-i i . . . . . . i .
oiaieu oy a. uxcij
Palace on Decer.j
further honored b!
Palace this even
also the recipient
i.' . C C
pa will be
oau at the
The foregoing rerfect Bum.
mary of the leti,ints and
features of the past 1ew year
opens auspiciously, ;fjra of
the country are onb iyf man
there is evern.'0pe for
continued prosperity, j 0f
the AnvERnscR that th be tue
case. With this feeling jn
our m:nd, we wish our ind
friends a Ha vi v Nkw Yi 1
Tlie Western' Powers having at length
These items, together with $255,000
interest on national debt, figure in the
Appropriation bill, and swell the total.
Half a million of the above mentioned
loan has been placed at Honolulu, at 93,
a discount of seven per cent ; and the
balance is understood to have been sold
to a London syndicate on similar terms.
This syndicate placed $1,000,000 of the
loan on the London market and the
offers were very largely in excess of the
call, the loan being quoted at 7 per cent
premium, December 17th, according to
a cablegram from His Excellency Mr.
Hoffnung, Hawaiian Charge d' Affaires
at London, to his Honolulu agent.
As a further financial aid an Opium
License law was passed, providing for
an annual license fee of $30,000 during
iuwr yoava, and impof'lng r iunprv duty
of 15 per cent ad valorem upon opium,
THE QUEEN'S Bib.;
The Event ltily IelrayaJ
Ialee Reception, I ,
The Popular Milliner House,
104r Fort Street " j Honolulu , J
jST. S. SACHS, Pi?opketo
Juat opened, a fine selectien of uefnl and ornamental ar jcies, it able for Christ-
mas Gifts. The eniire lot will be offered a trifle above cost.rice. In addition to tie
above we will offer V -.
EXTEA INDUCEMENTS f
During the Holiday Season in every department.
Special Holiday Sale,
Commencins SATURDAY, Decerabor 11, 188G, for three VrK8 only, we will offer the fol
lowing bargains : -
SaHna. anliil oolora and striped, at 35c a yard.
Mikado Towel Tidies in pink, buff and blue, at 25c.
Lisle Thread Hose, open work, in pink, light blue ardinal, at Cue a pair.
Ladies' Chemises, at 40c.
Silk Gloves, all colors?, at 50c a pair.
Children's Gingham Drespes, at 40c. '
Colored Border Handkerchiefs, at $1 a dozen. , v
The above price we jruarar
jyMRS. MELLIS' dressmaking ests-
olltlay Season Only.
A Irwin & Co
OfFER FOR SALE
j In Barrels,!
j Hal Barrels,
And 30-pouod Boxer
The futy-secomi anniv-jie
birth.lay of Her Majesty
lani was celebratetl yesttird'n
Palace. At 7 :30 a. in. the ,'e
headed by Hon. J. L. Kauhie(i
by the Reformatory Schu
guese bands, marched to tnj
presented their respects to y
The Royal Hawaiiaru-BiltKJrn.
sereuaded HerIajesty, ilace
selection of music. At 11 oV
the Royal Family were receh.
bv His Majesty's Ministers-
ti.os of the Supreme Court .ti?'
hitrh officials. At 11 :C0 the
This row1-" nevt.r varies. A marvel or punty.
Bticn"th and vhcicscmcness. ?-ore economical
than the ordinal k':i.:i,fj:dcannotbesoldincom.
petitioi vith ihc loaUitude cf lovt3t, short
weight,. alum or hosphate pv.wders. S.JI.D ONLYBS
can! li&YAi- BAKi.vi FowtfcA fa. 100 ValWl
recognized the right of Japan to regulate
its own tariff, it is understood that au
thority has been given to the Hawaiian
Minister Resident at Tokio, Mr. R. W.
Irwin, to conclude a treaty of commerce
with Japan, a reservation being made
that it should not in terms interfere
with our American treaty relations. A
Japanese training ship visited Honolulu
during the year, as did also H. B. M.'s
ironclad Triumph, carrying the flag of
Rear-Admiral Sir Michael .Seymour;
also, IT. B. M.'s ships Satellite and Hero
ine. The officers and men of the two
list named ships rendered invaluable
service in saving property and success
fully fighting the great fire of April last.
Several distinguished personages touched -j
at Honolulu and made thenwal oleano
tour during the past yew. The-Russian Im-porial-ptesrn
transjort Moskwa, having
Admiral Shestakoff, Minister of Marines,
and a distinguished party on board, paid
a Hying visit to Honolulu, and the
Chilean corvette Pilcomayo is now in
The arrival of a boat with Mr. Nor
man, Chief Officer of the Brittsh slr;
Dunnottar Castle, and six men, at "Wai-
mea, Kauai, September 12th, made the
fact known that that vessel had been
wrecked on Ocean, or Cure Island, an
outlying islet of the Hawaiian group, on
July 15th, and that Captain Martin and
twenty-two men were on the Island and
would wait there two months for relief.
The boat made a voyage of 1,800 miles
in fifty-two days, and the men were in
fairly good health despite their priva
tions. They arrived at Honolulu Sep
tember 13, 1836, and the day following
also a stamp duty of $1 for each half- the Diplomatic and Consular
Win Honolulu, feifls fast giving tq tliTwmWaialeale, Captain Hall, j
unenviable reputation abroad, oper-
ath Vg directly against the accession of a
desirable class of population. Unlimited
cred' it and fancy prices tend to make
HorMlulu a rogues' Paradise and the
dearest place on earth for honest people
A "f&At fire on Sunday, April 13,.1$G,
nwei-'l . Ivwav the greater part of thr the
,.;tv .1 f Honolulu, occupied chieto a,re.
Chine "3 and native Hawaiian. The
total I W cannot 5e estimated at less
t nan $1,500,000; the insurance risks
a large pro-
iss bv this disaster, the Ooven -
f.f 1 KjiiQrrvlonif fit. inP
took 1 ieir case in hand and provided the
uffeis with shelterfood and cloth-
vrere Stated at f22S,500. As
porti ! of the population Wi
survey of the burnt district was
vr 1. n by the Minister ct tne interior.
A, "ra-2' wa established, street lines
uddened and straightened, and
itreets opened. The "fire limit"
whs ilso extended. The result has been
tt at already the greater part of the fire
bVjck! has been built over, the structures
'teir.g of brick within the "fire limit,"
substantial frame buildings outside
its bounds, Honolulu is now a really J-wide.
was dispatched'ader charter by Major
J. Hav Wodehpu.se, "IlHfcH-'s Coramis
sioner and Consul General, mbargj of
Mr. W. II. Baird, representing his Gov
ernment. The Hawaiian Government
was allowed to participate in the relief
expedition, and sent Dr. S. E. Craddock
with a supply of medicines, represent
ing the Board of Health, Colonel J.
II. Boyd, as Hawaiian Commissioner,
and Mr. J. I). Strong, artist,
together with material for a house,
water tanks, a variety of seeds and
young cocoan ut trees; also, a carpenter.
The Island was reached September
20th, when it was found that Captain
Martin and the crew remaining there
had been rescued by the ship Birnam
Wood, of St. Johns, N. B., from Hong
kong for Val pari so. The rescue was
made on August 18th, but as yet no re
port of the Birnam Wood at Valparaiso
has reached this port. The house was
built, water tanks putv in place, seeds
sown, and trees planted, and then Colo
nel Boyd took formal possession of the
Island in the name of His Majesty the
King. This addition to Hawaiian terr
ritory is three miles long by half a mile
pound opium container, or its eqmva
lent in larger parcels. This legislation
was strongly opposed upon moral and
social grounds. Although the Act was
approved October loth, a license has
not yet been granted. The currency law
was changed. United States gold coin
and Hawaiian silver coin are now the
only lawful money. Silver is legal ten
der up to $10. The circulation of silver
certificates is limited to $'30,000, and the
entire circulation of Treasury notes is
limited to 323,000.
A variety ot useful laws affep.U.Tg navi
gation, trade and nnsa'action were en
acted. Of th&ft?, the Acts reducing the
duty on light wine, granting a franchise
for establishing a brewery at Honolulu,
and changing the measurement of ves
sels on ihe Hawaiian register, deserve
mention. A marked social advance was
made in the amendment of the Sunday
law, which is now abreast of the times
As intimated above there were two Min
isterial changes during the session a
most unusual event in this Kingdom.
xiifc 3iinistry wmcn met. uie juegisiaiure,
consisting of their Excellencies Walter
M. Gibson, Charles T. Gulick, John M.
Kapena and Paul Neumann resigned
June 30th, upon no particular question
but from what may be characterized as
general incompatability and difference of
opinion upon financial issues. It was
succeeded on July 1st by a Ministry
composed of their Excellencies W. M.
Gibson, Robert J. Creighton, Paul P
Kanoa and John T. Dare. This Minis-'
try went out of ofiice October 14th, hav
ing beeiitSvlnt4fl.fol urVthJ iaWrrhe
Attorney -General, Mr. Dare, moved the
dition of a proviso to the amended
Loan Bill with the view of preventing
reckless borrowing and expenditure, and
limiting the national debt to $2,000,000.
It was rejected by a large majority, the
Opposition members who had opposed
borrowing under any circumstances vot
ing with the majority. The Ministry
was also divided on the question, as the
Minister of Finance, Mr. Kanoa, voted
against the proposal. The Government
forthwith resigned, and was succeeded
by a Ministry composed of their Excel-
tended. Half an hour late
Goni and officers of the Chileai
Pilcomayo were received. Tl
Government officers, followed
general public from 12:30 to1
the latter a large numb
citizens paid their respect
Die M TjTasliioii.
lolnr out Vullre stock.
BY. J. TA VERNIER,
j In Half Barrels
And 25-pound Boxes.
In 30-pound Boxes.
00LDKN C. (COFFEE)
In Half Barrt-Ls
An-J 3C-pound Boxes.
The Nana Society marched in
the throne room where the recep
held. One of the members, H
Kaulukou, on behalf of the socio: - -a
con grata fat'ory. address and tlu
ented Her Majesty ' VAMi the ARSft
ES TIlirwlTR each week at in a m
Waturtlaj etch weeli at 7 p- in., until
43THOUR3. From 1 p. m. to 4 p m
ta. to 9 p, m.
General Admission :
Children : ?
ior ."iaie at Nop-er's nsst!
tlie HawAiian ICotel.
KA MILY US DRT .
Cbvea Corned Beer
ha set in diamonds. Her Majrx Jfp LnKi,,
also the recipient of a lare nur. . : ; v
the most elegant presents, but .th;rjJIXER"W" -AR
noi piaccu Oil VA.IUIJ11H.H1. X u UIK
Own gave a very handsome silveruyoi.r artlclea to m,o t,i.
gold lined water set, on which va. " 7T 1
following; inscription: "Presented v : ' v -
Her Majesty 'Queen Kapiolani on ?irHTi nTiVi.n
. v . . .
It was purchased from .Mr.
FOE SAN FJtANCISCP.f
Th BBVt and fine;. steel Bteni''n"lllP
and is a credit to that geur)
Her Majesty received t
room, me uaiM uumg ppc
was Her Royal Highness
uokalani, Her Royal Highnt-"'
Kaiulani, their Highnesses ts::"
anaole, Lieutenant General t tho oeeante Hteamsw., rompanv.-
O. DominiS and Hon. A. S. at Hoimluln from SvOrn-j ami a'i
Mrs. C. P. Iaukea, wife of ":;
lency the Governor of Oahx"k
lady-in-waiting upon the Q-r
Miss Louisa B. Brick wood atir-l' cUlHSl'y
Princess Kaiulani. To the 'tft i
tit: ' f he V.
It is low, surrounded by a large
lencies Walter M. Gibson L. Aholo,
Paul P. Kanoa and J. L. Kaulukou.
This was considered to be a purely Ha
waiian Ministry, despite the presence of
Mr. Gibson, and it has been so spoken
of by the native Hawaiian newspaper
which sustains the Administration. The
Legislature was prorogued the day fol
lowing its accession to office, and the
new Attorney-General, Mr. Kaulukou,
resigned a few days subsequently in
consequence of an indiscreet opinion by
him suggestive of a repudiation of the
special loan bv the Government. The
varancy in theC. tauoeu by Mr.
Hi wSH leave for the .bve port vv,l : ail- and
nssenxerR on or about that flat.
tf freight or pa?sa?e, hav-"" sl'l'ETtTOJt
) !OMMuI)ATION8, apply to
"TOE CIIITER10N "
Fort Street, above Hotel,
FAMILV (la quarter sacks),
(BAKER'S KXTRA (la liaJf eaclct),
Cs Medium Bread.
Lime and Cement.
t'ulvaiiized CurruKraleU Irtu Roofiu
6, , 7, 8. 9, 10-foot lengtha.
Manila and Sisal, Banana Twine. Whale 'Lia..
Reed's Felt Steanj jpe
and Boiler Coveik';:-.
len. . i ViKxc
Ma3l &jr attendingfto
KaQ The Kind's
mtef Captain Clf as
,Wm. G. Irwin & Co.,
A O KNT8.
'j' Sydney and Auckland.
ew and tine Al fteel eteaushlp
Kau(ukou's resignation was eubseiuently and l
n a royal salute I83
fire;f :n's Own. fFhe
Royf - i , frllent
:ed a.excf u
Of tbe Oceanic Steairs MP Cornpiv will be
doe at Honolulu (r'rti Sat: Frai c.aoo
or or - af.rwt
the proprietora ai nrerVeTvr-4 the premiaet..
.le?, OigaL, iEtc,
Statr " f on Jm. late trlp to
Thanking Cur manv fy-.J
age, and cor4llliiy I JviiiMl 5a.
na in onr ne qrtera. w til"" ' " nPn
25 .A '?KN'f, (suitable tor camp
intend surveying partita.)
Januarys 22, 1887.
weati e cr,i thdwill be
AodVlll tiave prompt vpbtcn
F-asaerigers for the abo ports.
For freight or passasr havtr.r
COMMODAriOXy. apj ?v to
l't nxaUa and
I -"PERIOR AC-
Wm. Gr. L'L'win & Co.,
1 Brewing Co
The Lager Beerof the above Brewery
as Awarded! the First Prizes
At the Expoailiona of 1885 and 1886.
.STEAMER W. G. II ALL,
(MALULANI,) . . '
k!u? SSS17 Moi; and KW
FREEMAN ' , '
r u .:
V . -
. ...... ,... ..Commbal!
STKA.MFJI jAiES 'lAKl:i
Free tli & Peacock.
' HONOI.CLU, AGZSTS.
Will . N
iKtnn' ... .
"OSTElt: -t.:.. ....
- 7 - vnM,TJi.
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