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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, SEPTEMBER 19, 1887.
aWfrtistrntnts. DULLNESS OF PUPILS. AX INDIAN SCHOOL. PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., L'ci, NEW GOODS ! . NEW GOODS ! PARAGRAPHS FROM A WESTERN TEACHER'S ADDRESS. A DESCRIPTION OF THE INSTITUTION AT LAWRENCE, KAN. A riea for "the Dull Boy Pre-Natal Causes off Children's Mental Stu pidity Some Other Causes Tilings "Worth Noting. (O. T. Johnson in Kansas City Journal. By dullness is meant that low order or temporary condition of the intellect, which renders it unable to comprehend, to under stand, to reason. Dullness is the result of either pre-natal or post-natal causes. Among the most prominent pre-natal causes are parental intemperance, including excesses of all kinds, parental disease, accidents, and direct transmission according to the law that like begets like. The dull brain is a dark, cold and dreary prison house, along whose mildewed walls, pale and sickly faculties, with outstretched palms, go slowly, groping, searching for a crevice, no matter how small, through which a gleam of light may creep. Wo find existing outside the school, con tinuous or remittiug causes, producing permanent or remittent dullness. Most prominent among the causes of permanent dullness are injury from accident, injury from punishment, fright, use of intoxicating liquors, use of tobacco, general ill treatment, night study. A few of the many causes of remittent dullness are worry and improper clothing, improper food, over feeding, under feeding, loss of sleap, over exertion, want of exercise, poor ventilation-, injudicious punishment. Teachers sometimes ungratefully complain that they receive no credit. Teachers re ceive credit for this accumulation of dull ness; from the parents, the superintendent, . and the school board. Did Johnnie fall in his infancy and crack bis skull, the teacher receives the credit for his consequent dullness. Does Tommie steep his tender brain in whisky, beer or tobacco, the teacher receives credit for his slow prog ress in his studies. Does Samuel's father nightly make him the target at which to tire stove-wood and small articles of furniture, closing the parade with a few brick-bats aimed with nice precision at the boy's head, the teacher is accredited with the boy's lack of mental activity next day. Straps . and bands are drawn so tightly around children's limbs and bodies that tho circulation of the blood is impeded; children are chilled with too little clothing, or weigh toddown from the hips with too much ; they are stuffed at meals like a turkey pre pared for the oven, or starved until their only thought is a crust; they are feed on in digestible food; allowed to keep late hours at the ball, the opera, the skating rink or in the alleys; they are allowed to stagnate in fash ionable parlors until the blood forgets how to circulate in their veins; they are put to bed in rooms hermetically sealed, to breathe the same foul air over and over again until the whole system is poisoned, and yet the teacher receives all the credit for their men tal incapacity. Those conditions, methods and influences of the school, that may produce continuous or remittent dullness, are numerous. These may be divided into two classes those that effect the mind indirectly, through the medium of the body, and those that effect the mind directly, through the medium of the emotions or by exertion of the brain. Among the most prominent of the first class are insufficient ventilation, want of ex ercise, excessive punishment or improper forms of punishment, improper positions, de priving of recess, and detaining after school for study. The responsibility for poor ventilation, tho teachers may . consistently divide with the board of education, who build hermetically sealed boxes into which they pack children in rows, order teachers t pour over them the oil of control, and then wonder that they come out sardines. For the other causes of this class, the teachers alone must stand responsible. For dullness from over study, the teachers m&y share the responsibility with parents who constantly urge rapid promotion, and with school officers who put up examination papers for competitive display, and who hold up, for emulation, teachers who have accomplished remarkable results. Constant censure, no commendation, con tinuous storming, ridicule, sarcasm, teacher 'too solemn, teacher too dignified, teacher too jnonotinous, punishments which destroy the .pupils self-respect, such as sitting on the rostrum, standing on the knees, standing on one foot, standing with back to class, stand ing with book on the head or on one or both outstretched hands, standing with face in the corner, sitting with the opposite sex, mouth tied up, eyes tied up, any punishment before the' school. The child's emotional nature may be likened to a telephone system, of which the xaind is the "central office," seuding out nerve tubes in all directions to receive dis patches, which are immediately conveyed to the "central." Let us step into the central office and take observations. The owner of this central is named John. Hush! a ling. "What is it?" asks central. "John, you are a perfect numbskull I" Down goes the index ten degrees. "You don't kno as much as you did last year?'' Index ten de grees lower. "Come to me this minute !" In dex to thirty. "Turn your back to the class!" Index to forty. "Stand on one foot!" Index to fifty. "Now, children, you may all laugh as much as you please !" Index drops to the very bottom of the instrument, where it stands for several hours, perhaps days. Let us enter another "central." The owner of this central is named Jake. Here we find the index below zero. Hark! a ring: vt'vVhat is it?" asks the centraL "Jake, what makes you look so dull this morning, did you have bad dreams?" "No, ma'am." Index goes up ten degrees. "Did you leave your smiles all at home in your other coat pocket?" "No, ma'am, but I can't get this example." In dex goes up ten degrees higher. "Is that all? Well, I wouldn't look so solemn about that; remember, it is the bright face that wins. Bring me your slate and book." "Yes'm." Index goes to 100 above at a single bound. Let us withdraw from the of fice. To conclude in the words of the immortal Widow Bedott, "We are all poor creeturs." Divorce on the "Installment" Plan. Chicago Herald. The newest canvasser goes from house to house when wives are at home and husbands away. He explains how readily, secretly, and for slight reasons, divorces may be ob tained, and he departs saying he will take the liberty of calling again in a week. He is an agent for a divorce lawyer. Dis contented wives, either with or without good cause for divorce, thus have the means brought to them; and, when it is added that pay is taken on the installment plan, the attractiveness of the scheme must be ackowledged. Lowell Courier: A London physician says death has no sting. Did he ever press his finjfera the fighting precinct of a dead fcato . - Children of the Bed Men Traveling in the White Man's Path Characteristics of the Indians Pupils at Dinner. Kansas Cor. Courier-Journal. We reached a circular inclosure of several acres, aud from the opposite side from that which we enter are three large stone buildings several stories high, and arranged in semi-circmlar manner. The center building was the school; the one on the left contained the diuing-hall, kitchen, working-rooms and sleeping arartments lor the females. The right-hand building c ontained the superintendent's o dices and apartments for the males. This is a beau tiful one, overlooking the valley of the AVakarusa. The view revealed a wide stretch of gently undulating prairie, which, with its wealth of vegetation, lighted up by the noonday sun, presented a wonderful variety of rich coloring. From the various Lelds of grain there came the hum of busy harvesters, while from the green hedges the birds poured forth a melody as pure and free as the air. The school farm extends'' down thia 1 eautiful valley and consist of 20 acres. This is cultivated by the Indians under the direction of a practical farmer, the pupils being required to work one half of each day. Learning how to work is one of the principal features of the school, and for the males, in addition to the farming, they have blacksmithing, shoe making and carpentering. The females are taught all kinds of cooking, house keeping, sewing, eic. In the school the course will be progressive, but now in the beginning is of necessity conrined. to the common branches. Music is -very popu lar with them, and they are very eager to study drawing, in which they exhibit very decided imitative powers. Some of' the pictures on the blackboard were ex cellent, particularly those of animals. The school department is conducted very ably by Mr. Joseph Du Mats aud wife and six assistants There is a de lightful gentleness aud kindness of man ner about Mr. and Mrs. i-u Mars which gives them a peculiar titness for the di'.ti cult task before them, The Indians seem to have a warm aiiection and profound respect for them. Mr. Uu Mars also holds the responsible position of disciplinarian, next in authority to the superintendent, and attends to the wants of the little "In juns" when they need punishment, fie told us that way down deep in the base ment was a dungeon for the larger In dians, when disobedient, but that very lit tle punitimeut of any kind is ever nec essary. Over SOO were in attendance last year, and 'among this number about iiUO remain during the summer vaca tion. The Indians are very much de . lighted with their new situation, and highly appreciate the opportunity aii'orded them. The change from the old ways of living is a very radical one indeed, and as the school has been in operation but one year, it is drricult to determine upon re sults. The Indian chiefs and fathers are very much in favor of having their children educated, and advise them to find the "white .nan's path, " as they call it, as quickly as possible, for the old ways will no longer do. The school is sup ported entirely by the government The buildings cost $o0,000, the land Laving been donated by private citizens. There is an appropriation of xl?5 a year for each pupil, which pays their way entirely, even to railroad fare to and from their homes. The pupils are obtained through the efforts of the dicers of the institu tion, and the goverme.it asrents in the In dian nation, so it is virtually a reaching out after them by the government, and Legging them to come in and be bene fited, and they are gladly coming. The Indians are more sentimental than we commonly suppose. They shed tears at parting with their children, and the latter remember their rude homes with a tenderness that refinement will never ex tinguish. They part very reluctantly with their long hair, which according to the rules of the Institute must be neatly trimmed. A e were told of a touching incident in connection with this. A strong young chief begged that his locks might be spared, for they had been his glory and pride, but yielding to . the stern require ments of his start toward civilization, which at every step must sacrifice loved customs of tho past, he buried his face in his hands and submitted. As the shears rudely severed from him that which he had so much revered, the hot tears came tric kling down. Who knows how much it cost him to submit? "Wo have profound respect for honest tears. How peaceful berond all comprehension and how far removed from earthliness, or else how cold and heartless is a tearless life. It is either angelic or satanic and has in it little of humanity. The dinner hour is announced, and for an instant all is confusion as the Indians "fall in. " The line is formed in front of the dining hall, and then, with orderly step and perfect quiet, the scene of battle is soon reached and the enemy (?) po litely vanquished. The dinner was of good, substantial food, and partaken of with manners that would do credit to any board. Before eating, the entire assembly, with bowed heads and reverential manner, joined in singing grace. The pupils as sume new names when thev enter the college, and instead of " Little Turtle, " "Pottawatomie." "Black Hoof," "Long Tail," eta, we see Walter Scott, Brutus, Oscar Wilde, Jay Gould, etc. After dinner we witnessed a very practical "broom drill. " The broom brigade, with proper ollicers, marched out into the grounds surrounding the college and made a vigorous attack on dirt and rub bish of every kind. Ivei lug the Flies Away. ittsb-:r; Chronicle. "What's that for?" asked a reporter of a waiter in a Smithfield street restaurant. The waiter had a bag of table salt in his hand 'and was sprinkling the contents behind the counter and on the floor where the crumbs might fall. "It is to keep the Hies away," replied the waiter. "How does it doit?" "Can't say, sah. ask the manager. " "We find, " said the manager, that by sprinking salt w here there are broken victuals, dirty plates, and other things which attract Hies, we can keep these pests away. It fills the air with saline particles and we Lave no trouble at ail. You can see that this is so by looking here. " Scraps of bread, melon rinds, and broken meats and pieces of plates were in basketsandshel.es behind the counter, but there were not a dozen Hies in sight Boston Courier: A respectable man may wear a threadbare coat, out ii ne does so he will find very few people Will believe in his respectability. who B. P. EHLEES & CO. 99 Fort Street, Have just opened a new consignment of NEW and SEASONABLE GOODS, JCCTlnspection Invited.. 1 CIGARS If you want a fine CIGAR, try some of Straiton A Storm's, which have just arrived at HOLLISTEB & C0.S, 109 Port Street, 73 EE. E. M:dntyre & JBro., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN 1 Groceries Provisions and Feed EAST IORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. New Goods received by every pacRet from the Eastern States and Europe, fresh California Produce by every steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered to any part of the city free of charge. Island orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Postofllce Box No. 143 Telephone No. 92 60apl7 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN. 1886, BUILDER. 75 and 77 Kinp- Street, - Honolulu Bell Telephone So. 275. 65 Mutual Telephone No. 63. WINS & SPIRIT MERCHANT CAMPBELL'S FIRE-PROOF BLOCK, Merchant Street, Honolulu. KEEPS THE Sole Atrent of the Hawaiian Islands for JOS. SCHLITZ' MILWAUKEE BEER. Finest and Best Assorted Stock IN THE MARKET. x.x w X X'- VSw x XvW -x SAN FRANCISCO. NATIONAL. BREWING CO., SAN FRANCISCO. Respectfully solicits patron age and guarantees com plete satisfaction to all. S. LACHMAN & CO.'S CALIFORNIA WINES. A. FENKHAUSEN '& CO., WHISKIES, &c.f S. F. Delmonico and Veuve Cliquot Champagnes. W. C. PEACOCK & CO. Wholesale Wine and Spirit Merchants, 3S XITASII STKEET, 1IOXOI.UI.17, II. I. Have just received ex CERASTES, HERCULES and other late arrivals direct from Europe, Gr. H. Mumm's "Extra Dry" Champagne, do do "Dry Yerzenay" Champagne. In Pints and Quarts. MELCHER'S "ELEPHANT" GIN In large clear crystal bottles, 6 gallons per case. CASES J. D. K. & Z. GIN Each 20 bottles. 4 4-5 gallons. J. J. Pellisson's 10-year-old Brandy And a full assortment of the most favorite brands of ALES, WINES AND LIQUORS, IE JL 7T ONMONGEES V 0 . f"" nt . i u Mi"" ""' j ' v"4:'1" NEW GOOXS Just Iioceivetl. CONCOllD LAMP ATTACHMENT A Kerosene Oil Stove Which can ho used on :i common lamp-htiriicr. NEW LAMP GOODS At very low prices. Latest Improved Burners. A line line of GLASS "W J JR 13 Entirely .new to this market. jSpCTCall and examine our novelties-. ( M. W. McCHESNEY & SONS, 42 and 4A Queen St.. HONOLULU. 43 Clay Street, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Importers and Wholesale Grocers. A FULL LINE OF STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES, COFFEES, TEAS AND SPICES. Plantation Stores, Salmon, Beef, Pork, Flour. Beans, Bread, etc. Fresh arrivals by every steamer and sailing vessel. Special inducements ottered . to Portuguese Traders, in a variety of Fresh (Joods.especially suited to their wants. highest cash price paid foh Dry and Green Hides and Goat Skins LARGEST ASSORTED STOCK 0I-' GROCERIES ON THE ISLAND. HAY and GrR AIN . 42 nil (I 44 Qnren Street, Honolulu. J O Til N NOT T Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping Gous. Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet 'Iron "Work P. O. BOX 502. "Which are offered for sale at lowest rates. 7?4an?lltf TELEPHONES No. 46. LEWIS & CO., Ill Fort Stret. Importers and Dealers In Staple and Fancy Groceries, :o:- FEESH GOODS By every steamer from California, and always on hand, a full and complete line of Provisions, Etc.? Etc. 01 Satisfaction guaranteed. Telephone No. 240. P. 0. Box No. 29? . NOW BEADY. 1887. Fourth Year of Publication.. 1887. THE HONOLULU ALMANAC AND DIRECTORY ! For the Year of Our Lord 1887, Containing an Astronomical, Civil & Ecclesiastic'! Calend' r FOR THE YEAR AN. Official and Business Directory of Honolulu. TOGETHER WITH Full Statistical and General Information RELATING TO THE HAWK ISLANDS, Great pains and expense Lave been gone to by the Publishers to make this Almanac and Directory the mest useful and comprehen sive work of the kind ever published in the Hawaiian Kingdom It will be found invaluable to men of business, travelers and tourist and is guaranteed a wide circulation at Home and in Foreign Cou tries. Its Court and Official Calendar carefully corrected to tho latest moment. Articles of special value to the Islands have oeen prepared bv ex pert writers which are well calculated to beget great interest in their condition aai prospect abroad. h "utrcBn in Send in your orders for copies early.