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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL -ADVERTISER, SEPTEMBER 2(5, 1887.
THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. :r:- TKBMS OF SinSCKJl-JlOA, Per annum f 6 00 Kix months 3 00 Per month 50c e9"Sii!tfri!tiiig l'ajnhlc Always in Advance. Communications from all parts of the Kii!;dom will always he very acceptable. Persons residing in any part of th United states can remit the amount of subscription due by Post Ortlce money order. Matter intended for publication in the editorial columns should be addressed to KDiToa Pacific ('ommkrcial Advkhtiskr.' Business com nui nidations ami advertisements 8'iould be addressed pimply P. C.JADVERTIHKR.j And not to individuals MONDAY September 20th Our music-loving ueople have a rare treat in store for them the next four weeks, now that the Joran family is in town. A New commercial treaty lias been concluded between France and China, which will secure to France a few special privileges. The British Government has decided not to remove the Rev. Shirley Baker, Premier of Tonga, for bin action in the recent disturbances there, but his actions will be closely watched by the Imperial authorities. Sir Henry Holland .strongly disapproves of his conduct and has warned him that he will be removed from Tonga if his influence leads to the ill-treatment of the Tongans. Tiie Colonial papers which came to hand a month ago contained a state ment, which was republished here, to the effect that the Roman Catholic Church had received a grant of 300,000 acres for missionary purposes from the New South Wales Government. The statement proves to be entirely un founded; no application has been made for any such grant and no offer has been received. The Joran Faintly. It is with much pleasure that we an nounce the arrival of Mrs. Joran and her talented daughters, the Misses Lula, Pauline and Elise, from the Colonies. It is fourteen months since they left Ho nolulu, and during that time they have traveled nearly over the Colonies, meet ing everywhere with brilliant success as might have been expected. The Colo nial press has been a unit as to their wonderful ability as musical artists. The Sydney '1 Herald " of August 31st has the following: " An undeniable suc cess was achieved last evening by the Joran family at their first concert in the Y. M. C. A. Hall. It is some twelve months since they were last here. They then received the highest recognition of musical people, and they appear to have gathered their laurels freely throughout the tour they have made in the various towns of the adjacent colonies. That ail have real talent is unquestionable, and their tastes appear to have been rightly directed, it being noticeable with what good judgment their programmes are prepared." Mile. Aldine, the prima donna, came from the Colonies on the same steamer, but we are sorry to learn she had been so seriously ill since leaving Auckland that the doctor advised her to go on to San Francisco. Signor Roselli, an emi nent baritone, late of Milan, decided to stop over, and he will be heard this even ing at the concert at the Y. M. C. A. Hall. He leaves on Tuesday on the Australia. It is to be regretted he can not be with us longer. This evening the Misses Joran, assisted by Signor Roselli, will give a grand con cert in the Y. M. C. A. Hall, the Opera House being engaged. We predict a full house for them and an enthusiastic re ception. The admission is $1 and tick ets are on sale at Hewett's bookstore, and can also be obtained at the door. The concert commences at 8 o'clock. Follow ing is the programme : Duet Overture, " Die Felsenruuhle " Reissiger Lula and Elbe. Barcarola " Sulla Poppa" F. Rioci ISitcnor Roselli. Violin solo " Gypsy Dances ". . .Sarusate Pauline. Piano solo (a) Tarantelle . . ..Chopin (b) Polonaise C sharp minor (c) Elfinspiel Hermann Elise. Aria " In Happy Moments "... .Wallace signor Roselli. Duet (piano and vioiln) Fantasia Wiliiani Tell Osborne-De Beriot Lula and Pauline. Piano solo Scherzo, B flat minor. Chopin Lula. Romanza " Sei vendicata assai " (Di- norah) Meyerbeer Signor Roselli. Violin solo Variations on an American National Melody Vieuxtemps Pauline. Piano solo " Pasquinade" Gott.-cb.alk Elise. Trio (voice, violin and piano) " Alia Stella Confldente" Robandi Signor Roselli, Misses Lula and Pauline. SAMOA. Deposes King Malietoa. TAMASESE PPwOCLAIMED KING. Vl'ar Declared Sainoans Sliol Down In tfiio Streets J. 1 fJusIi to Ie Hung it" Cany: lit A early Two llnnflretl Houe Humeri Down. Soon after the arrival of the Mariposa on Saturday morning, there was consid erable excitement when it became known that King Malietoa had been de posed and war had been declared at Sa moa. Before particulars are given it would be as well to look back a little at the history of Samoa and the beginning of the cause of this trouble. Some time ago the German Agent at Samoa bullied Malietoa into a special secret agreement, which secured to Ger man subjects immunities and facilities for trading, to the exclusion of the sub jects of other kingdoms. This treaty, surreptitiously obtained, ROUSED THE ENGLISH CONSUL, Who insisted that British subjects should not be excluded from its privi leges, and he carried his point. The Germans by the treaty of January 24, 1879, ratified by the German and Sa moan Governments, secured a title to the German purchases of G,000 acres, but in addition they claim some 70,000 acres; the Americans claim 210,000 acres; while the English claims are 6,000 acres in Upolu, and 235,000 acres, comprising nearly the whole of the fertile and cultivated land in the island of Savaii. In 1883 the American Consul, Mr. Greenbaum, checkmated the Ger man Admiral and Consul, who were then bent on carrying out the scheme now apparent realised, by HOISTING THE STARS AND STRIPES Over the flag of His Samoan Majesty King Malietoa. His action was not sus tained by the United States Govern ment, but it averted the threatened an nexation for the time being. On that occasion the German Consul had wan tonly pulled down the Samoan flag and hoisted the Imperial German flag at Mulinu Point, and on the same day Tamasese took the field against Malietoa, significant of collusion between the Ger man authoiities and the rebel leader. The plot, however, did not succeed, ow ing to the American counter move, i Subsequently MaJietpa-aiTCTtheSanToans were stated to be anxious to be annexed to New Zealand as a means of getting rid of the HATED (1ERMAXS, Whom the natives simply detest, but the proposed Hinemoa expedition did not eventuate, owing to the Imperial authorities being averse to it. The municipal district of Apia is governed by a Municipal Board, consisting of six members, namely, the English, Amer ican and German Consuls, with one member nominated by each Consul. It exists under a convention entered into by the Samoan Government with the Governments of Great Britain, the United States and Germany on Septem ber 2, 1S79, and it is to be continued until such time as the Samoan Govern ment is in a position to guarantee the security of life and property. THE WHITE POPULATION Is some 300, the annual exports are $500,000 and the imports $300,000, most of the trade being done by the British, and the German trade principally by the German Plantation Company, of which Mr. Weber is agent. Tamasese resides about thirteen miles from Apia, and was unknown a few years ago; indeed, until the Germans recognized and Postered his pseudo claims to get a foothold on the island, Malietoa could have easily disposed of the rebel, who had only some 400 or 500 followers, but the Geimans would not permit it, while the British and Amer ican Consuls also dissuaded him from PROCLAIMING WAR Against the rebel chief, stating that it would lead to great destruction of life and property. On one occasion Admiral Knorr, of the Bismarck, sent a letter to Malietoa, atfdressed "To the. High Chief Malietoa," but the King returned the letter in polite terms, and it was subse quently re-addressed to Malietoa ac cording to usage. The population of the Samoan Group is about 40,000, and Malietoa has about 1,000 followers under arms. For some time past the French and Germans have been SELLING FIREARMS Without restraint in the roup, but the English traders are prohibited bv the i English Government from doing so j under severe penalties. It is believed that these arms are of a miscellaneous and inferior description, so that the Sa moan Government is in no condition to resist the German invasion. A short time ago it was mooted that the respective interests of Britain, the United States and Germany would be best conserved by the Germans taking Upolu, the British Savaii, and the Amer icans Tutuila, with regard to the fine harbor of which, Pagopago, the best har bor in the South Pacific, the United States Government have a special treaty with the resident chief. Sir Heurv Hol- i land, Secretarv of State for the Colonies, i in a dispatch to the Governor of New South Wales, of date July 23d, wrote: " With regard to Samoa, the Imperial j Conference approved the proposal now J being considered at Washington by rep resentatives of Germany, the United States and this country, that one of the three great powers having interests in the group should for a time control na tive affairs there." Such is a brief outline of Samoan af fairs up to July of this year. WHAT A K ESI DENT AT APIA SAYS. During Saturday morning a representa tive of the Advertiser had an interview with Dr. W. B. Waller, a dentist who has resided at Samoa for some time past. He left on account of the trouble and the outrages committed by the Germans and is returning to his home in Caldwell, Ohio. lie was pretty well posted on Samoan affairs, and had even got the different events as they occurred at Sa moa noted down in his pocket-book. From the interview we are able to fur nish our readers with the following ac count of the affair : The German squadron arrived at Apia August 18th. Alter the steamer Lubeck left for Sydney, August 23d, Commodore Heusnerof the squadron sent a letter to King Malietoa demanding the payment of $1,000 and 2,G00,000 cocoa nuts. The $1,000 was damages for injuries sustained by some Germans on the night of the Emperor William's birthday during a drunken spree. A number of Geimans got drunk and proceeded to handle sev eral of the natives rather roughly. A free fight ensued, and the Samoans in their turn assaulted the Germans. With regard to the payment of cocoa nuts, the Germans claim that is about the number the Samoans have deprived them of from 1879 to the present time. king malietoa protested against making him liable for acts done by natives under such circumstances. This was on Tuesday, August 23d, and Malietoa asked that he be allowed until Saturday, the 27th, to consider before complying with the German demand. Early on the morning of the 24th sev eral guns were fired from the German men-of-war, and soon after the following declaration was made : Citizens of Apia: By order of His Maj esty the Emperor of Germany war has been declared against the Chief Malietoa. The neutrality of the Municipal district will be respected as long as the .security of the German troops is not endangered by agitations withm the Municipal district. 1 call upon the inhabitant of Apia to as sist ine in the maintenance of peace and good order in Apia. (Signed) Heusnlk, Commodore and Commander ot the Ger man Squadron, August 24, 1337. The'iofeign consuls were not notified of this action. Seven hundred men were landed and they took possession of the Government house. A search was at once made for Malietoa, but he was nut to be found, as he hud left for the hush with his followers. During the search thirty German soldiers entered a store with loaded uevolvkrs and began ransacking it for firearms. The proprietor (a white man) was away and his native wife was left in charge. The soldiers made a demand on her, but she did not understand them. Just at that moment an American citizen ap peared on the scene and remonstrated with the soldiers. They threatened to arrest him, and he told them to go ahead, which they did, but also immediately after let him go. A storekeeper named Moore HOISTED THE AMERICAN FLAG. Some German soldiers made a remark about it and Moore went for them and blackened two or three eyes. lie had any amount of pluck. The following day the German man-of-war Carola arrived at Apia with Tamas ese the rebel chief on board, and the flagship Bismarck saluted him as King. At noon he was taken to the Government house AND CROWNED KING in the presence of about four hundred of his own followers. The lol lowing pro clamations soon afterward appeared: TKCHMATiON. I hereby say to you that Tama-e.-e, King of Anna, is declared from this day, by the ! Government of Germany, to be King of the ; whole of Samoa. (Signed) Becker. ! German Consul, Apia, August 25. 14S7. j PP.OCLMATION. I " Whereas the Government of Germany j has thia day proclaimed Tamasese King of j Samoa, j " Now therefore we, the undersigned j representatives of the United States of j America and Great Britain, hereby give j notice that we, and our Governments, do j not and never have recognized Tamasese j as King of Samoa, but continue as hereto- j fore to recognize Malietoa. " We advise all Samoans to submit quiet- j ly to what they can not help, not to fight, j whatever the provocation, "nut to await ! peaceably the result of deliberations now i in progress, which alone can determine the future of Samoa. j "Harolp Marsh Sew all, ) " Consul-General of the United States of ' America. "W. II. Wilson, " British Pro-Consul. " Apia, Samoa, August 25, 1SS7." I K'MT.AM.VTIOX. Whereas war has been declared between His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Ger many against His Majesty Malietoa. King of Samoa, Now, therefore, I hereby enjoin all those entitled to the protection of the Govern ment of the United States of America to oiler no opposition to the German forces, but immediately to report to me any mo lestation of person or property. Harold Marsh Sew-all, Consul-General of the United States of America. Apia, Samoa, August 2o, ISsT. Tw o days later the following appeared : PROCLAMATION TO HHP. BR ITT A NIC MAJESTY'S SVIiJECTS. I have been informed by Con.-ul P.oeker that martial law has been proclaimed and that the following proclamation has been is-ued by Commodore Ileurner: 1. I call upon all natives to stav in their houses from sunset to sunrise until further notice. 2. The sentinels are ordered to fire upon all persons who, being challenged by them, do not stop, but attempt to run away. (Signed) Commodore Hepsnek. j W. II. Wilson, j British Pro-Consul BritUh Consulate. Samoa. Ausrust '27. IssT At two o'clock on the morning of Au-'-ust 30th a number of German sentries entered a house with lanterns where a number of Samoan children were sleep ing. The glare of the light and the noise frightened the children and they got up and ran. The sentries called out for them to stop, but the children paying no heed the sentries tired and one boy WAS SHOT DEAD. Three chiefs and six native men were captured and taken on board one of the German war vessels. On September 4th the Germans dis covered that the natives at Satapai, on the Island ot Savaii, had been pulling down the proclamations. As a revenge they burned one hundred and sixty houses and dug up a number of graves. When last heard from J. E. Bush was with Malietoa up in the bush drilling his soldiers. A new Government was to be formed on September 15th, and after that date any one upholding Malietoa was to be put to death. The Germans sav that if tl ley catch Malietoa and Bush they WILL HANG THEM. Dr. Waller left Apia on the 13th of September, and there were nineteen ves sels in port. That morning II. B. M. ships Diamond and Opal had arrived at Apia. A meeting of chiefs had been held, and they DECIDED NOT TO ATTEND the meeting on the 15th when the Gov ernment was to be formed. Mr. Harold M. Sewall, the American Consul-General at Samoa, who i.s well known in Honolulu, had no instructions from his Government, and as the people were depending on him it placed him in a peculiar position. He had expected instructions from the United States Gov ernment, but somehow or another his mail had been carried on. He scarcely knew what to do. The schooner Lily left Apia for Auckland and CARRIED DISPATCHES from Mr. Sewall to Mr. Campbell, the American Consul at Auckland, and the latter cabled to the United States Gov ernment the intelligence received. The conduct of the Germans has been condemned on all sides. Never before have SUCH OUTRAGES been committed at Samoa. The Germans have 3,100 men, all told, at Samoa on their war vessels. Malie toa s forces number 2,000, and each one is armed with spears and a hatchet. Tamasese can command about 1,500 men, of course not counting the Germans. The Royal Mail steamer Alameda is due on Fridaj' from San Francisco and FURTHER PARTICULARS may be learned. It is probable that one or mere of the American warships in port may have to leave for Samoa. Major Wodehouse, II. B. M. Commissioner, sent a copy of the proclamation of war by the -Mariposa on Saturday, and it will be cabled to the British Government from San Francisco. J&fe&trtistaunfs. NEW GOODS AT- LOW PRICE S AT THE- P opular Millinery House, 104 Fort St., Honolulu. !N". S. SCI-iS, nPvopi-ietor. Just opened, a fine assortment of FANCY AND DRY GOODS, Which, during my absence, will be sold at exceedingly luA' figures. POLKA DOT SWISS IN WHITE AND ECRU. A fine assortment of WHITE AND COLORED WASH MATERIAL, In plain, fancy figured and open work. NANSOOKS, LAWNS AND BAPTISTE, In white and colored. NUNS' VEILINGS. NUNS' VEILINGS. In all shades and colors. LACE 1 LOUNC1NGS, EMBROIDERY FLOUNCINGS, in white, cream, ecru and fancv colors. ALL-OVER EMBROIDERY AND LACES, with edgings to match. NEW SILK GLOVES and SILK MITTS, in the latest styles and newest shades. Miillinery and Straw Goods. . During my absence from the Kingdom we offer SPECIAL BARGAINS IN THIS DEPART MENT, in order to close out the stock now ou hand, and make room for the new stock. HATS TRIMMED AND UNTRIMMED Will he sold at reduced prices. V -OF- Chas. J. Fishel. COIi. FOUT & HOTEL STS. For two Weeks Only Our Semi-Annual Remnant Sale will take place NEXT MOW DAT All our remnants will oe placed on the Counter, and marked way down. In Ladies' Trimmed and Un trimmed Hats, we are prepared to offer BIG BARGAINS. Remnants in all departments. Come and see w hat we offer you next MONDAY. Win. G. Irwin & Go OFFER FOR SALE SUGARS 4 DRY GRANULATED Iu Barrels, Half Barrels, And ao-pound iioxna. CUBE In Hal Barrets POAVDEliED And 25-pound Boxes. In 30-pound Boxen. GOLDEN C. COFFEE In Half Barrets Blue Mottled Soap Cases Corned Beef. FLOUR CHAS. J. FISHEL, Leading Millinerv House. JAS. . MORGAN, .A. uctioneer AND Commission Merchant. Cs Medium Bread. OIL FUEL and LUBRICATING. LIMES CEMENT Galvanized Iron Roofing, RIDGIXSTG. SCltEWS and WASHERS. MR. JAS. F. MORGAN, LATELY A PARTNER of the firm of E. P. ADAMS 4: CO., now dissolved, will from tni9 day carry on the busi ness of Auctioneer and Commission Merchant In the premises lately occupied by E. P. Adams & Co., No. 45 Queen street. Honolulu, September 1, 1887. 809tf GRASS SEEDS. COCKSFOOT,' RYE GRASS, ENG LISH RED CLOVER, COW GRASS. Sugar Bags 22 x 3G. COEDA&E. Manila and sisal, Panana Twine. Whale Line 'piIE ATTENTION OF ALL INTERESTED IN JL improvi ng the pasture lands of the Islands is railed to the above valuable eeeds, which we offer for sale in lots to suit purchasers. We have also on hand sarople lots of White Clover, English Aleyke. Timothy, Rib Grass, Crested Dog's Tail, Tall Fescue. Italian Rye Grass and Lucerne seeds, which we offer in small lots for trial, and will also receive orders for quantities of not less than half a ton weight, and execute same with dispatch. 71-junel3tfdiw WM. G, IRWIN k CO. Reed's Felt Steam Pipe and Boiler Covering. GUASS SEEDS, THILL TIMBERS. A" TENTS, (suitable for lng ana surveying: parties 22 tf N. F. BURGESS, Expressman & Drayman, T. J. BASS Absolutely Pure- than'heorfi;r.avvklnd,a:ulcanriotbSddinwm. mitio-i with the ir.ultirude of Jo.v-test, short weight, nlura or phosphate pwdrs. ,doslvC can! Hovau B-iuim towDfiu. Co.. lOfl ttan-gfc N". Y- T. COJLCMAN A CO., .Kjvnts, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. d ewt S. H RHOWN T. J. BASS & CO. Importers of and Dealers in Artists' - jYXaterials, Paints, Oils, Glass, Varnishes, Turpentin. Manufacturers of Mouldings, Picture Frames, etc., etc , etc. 14 ami 16 Street near Market, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 63-lmayHtf Hawaiian Mutual Eire and Marine Insurance Co. 84 KING STREET, Telephone No. 202. 709jelCtf HONOLULU. Residence, 152. Subscription Lists for Stock and Policies now open at G CLICK'S AGENCY, 79CauglC No. 3d Merchant Stroot CLAUS hPRKCKKLS. WM. O IBW1H. WM. G. IRWIN & Co., M. PHILLIPS & Co., TmfV,rfepVm Wholesale IXalers In iLJ f-'otWnR, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Men 'sFurnlsh ing and Fancy Goods So. 11 KaahumaiJ Ktr7et Honolulu, H. I. 2Stf-wtr H. HA0KFELD & CO.,