VOL. VL-NO. 241.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 12, L887.
PRICE 5 CENTS.
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Every Morning Exeent Sundays
Daily P. C. advertiser, one ypar........
r. .... . A nVFRTISKRi SIX lUOIltDS
... 3 00
Daily F V Auvkktiser, three months 1 50
' Daily p! C Aivkktiskr, per month 50
' i. a, .vmrtihkk. one3'ear 5 00
R";r.ib-ri?aio... W- P. C. A. (including
Payable Invariably in Advance
A Strange Combination Women at Work
What Is "Proper."
Wiesbaden Cor. Inter Ocean.
The German as he now is presents the
strangest combination of hard brute-force
and finest sentiment For example, a trades
man or hotel porter will play the piano or
violin with all the delicacy and sentiment of
the most refined. He is familiar with poetry,'
particularly his own poets, and is often quite
a linguist besides. The love of pictures is as
universal as in Italy, and yet a man will
point to the hideous scars on his face, re
ceived while fighting at college, with all the
pride and satisfaction of an artist pointing
out the finest bit of coloring or drawing.
Military discipline is the order of the day
everywhere, especially in the boys' schools.
The teachers beat the boys, and the boys
beat each other. This, the Germans tell
3'ou, is the only way in which boys can be
tauzht to be manly, and to defend them
But that which most influence s the Ameri
can stranger as the greatest contrast. between
his own country and this is the amount of
hard labor performed by women. All sorts
of farm work is done by them, and the
amount of walkine they do in the course of
their lives is almost incredible. The people
who work the land do not live upon it, but
rather in little hamlets of crowded houses
and narrow streets; then they walk to and
from their gardens or farms, which may be
as many as six miles away. The milk-women
that bring your milk to the door, either carry
it on their heads with a corresponding can m
each hand, or, if more well-to-do, haul it in
a cart with the help of a larere dosr. I have
seen women of at least 75 to 80 years of age
working in vineyards, carrying immense
baskets of compost on their heads. But the
most curious phase of this servitude is the
position of the maid-servant in the family.
For example, if a gantleman is expected
home, unless the family keep a coachman, a
maid -servant is often sent to the depot to
meet him and carry home his luggage,
though the man may be perfectly strong and
healthy. In the evening after a concert or
theatre the streets are thronged with maid
servants, attending their masters or mis
tresses, as the case may be. A lady may
not go alone to any of these places, though
it is perfectly proper for her to be "pro
tected" by a maid-servant of 16 while she
herself may be CO. The members of the
orchestra saunter along smoking and chat
ting while young girls carry their instru
ments, overcoats, etc The average wages
of the best of these servants is only $5 a
month. Thus women are the cheapest of all
kinds of labor. Yet the family life of the
people seems to be on the whole & joyous
one. While the poor man does not deny his
wife and children the privilege of working
by his side, on the other hand they share
with him his pleasures, whatever and wher
ever they are, so that a "man of a family"
here is known by the presence of that f am
ily, and ho does not seem to have any haunts
that are closed to them.
How Cotton Burns.
Americus (Ga.) Recorder.
"Urn, yum, I smell burnt cotton," said a
cotton buyer in front of Toole, McGarran &
Tondee's warehouse several days age.
"Here it is," said another buyer, picking
up a handful of scorched cotton which was
lying on the ground. "There is no fire in it,
though," he added carelessly.
"How fast will cotton burn?" asked a re
porter, who was standing by.
"It will bum faster than anything I know
of," said the buyer as he turned the staple
around in his hand, and examined it. "Just
to show you here," and he picked up a hand
ful of clean cotton and handed it to the re
porter. "Now wad that up tight and put
your cigar to it. Then fold it up and put
your hands over it."
The reporter did so. The moment the cigar
was applied the cotton caught and the fire be
gan to sink down like a drill into the hand
ful. He closed his hands over it, and in a
short time it became so hot that he was uua
ble to hold it. Picking up another handful he
wrapped it around the fire, and, holding it
tightly in both hands, succeeded in crushing
out the fire, as he thought. When it was
again opened, however, it began to burn as
hard as ever.
"It is almost impossible to put the fire out
when once it catches cotton. The closer .a
bale is packed the faster will it burn. It don't
spread out like anything else, but burns di
rectly to the center, and coUsumes the inside
of the bale first. I remember once in Savan
nah on the wharf, where I was billing some
compressed bales, that all at once a boy
yelled at me, and looking around I saw a
bale I had just passed fall to pieces and
flames begin to come from it. By
good luck the fire got no fur
ther. Ttiat bale, probably, had been
burning a couple of days. Gin-houses
are often burned up by the pickers
smoking in the field and letting a spark drop
into a cotton basket. It is dumped into the
wagon and then into the gin-house, and does
not get fairly started before night, and be
fore any one knows it, the gin-house is on
fire and burnt.
"Big fires in warehouses," he continued,
"are often caused by careless drivers, who
smoke as they drive the cotton to town..
The tiniest kind of a spark will sink into a
bale, and if not discovered will burn thous
ands of dollars worth of cotton. That is
why buyers always carry as much insur
ance as they can get. There is no telling
when a bhj fire is going to occur."
ROYAL INSURANCE C.XMP'Y
Ire Insurance or all description
win De euectea at Moderate Rates of Prem
Dm, by the undersigned.
WM. O. IRWIN fc CO 4
20-dAwtf Managers for Haw. Islands
TjT Tsr x o.ixr
Fire and Marine Insurance Co.
Of Xch Zealand.
CAPITAL., : 0,000,000
Having; Established an Agency at
Honolulu, for the Hawaiian Islands, the un
dersismed are Drenarpd to appnt. risks n gainst. T-ire
In dwellings, stores warehouses 'and merchandise
on iavoraDie terms. Marine risks on cargoa
freights, bottomry, profits and commissions.
Losses promptly adjusted A payable
19-dwtf WM. G. IRWIN fe CO.
Iron & Locomotive Works,
Corner of Beal and Howard Streets,
8AN FRANCISCO CALIFORNIA
W. H. TAYLOR President
JOS. MOORE Superintendent
BUILDERS OF STEAM MACHINERY, IN ALL
its branches; Steamboat, Steamship, Land
Engines and Boilers, High Pressure or Com
pound. STEAM VESSELS of all kinds built complete
with halls of wood, iron or composite.
ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad
visable. STEAM LAUNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs con
structed with reference to the trade in which
they are to be employed. Speed, tonnage and
draft of water guaranteed.
SUGAR MILLS and Sugar Making Machinery
made after the most approved plans. Also, all
Boiler Iron Work connected therewith.
WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any
size, made in suitable lengths for connecting
together.or Sheets Rolled, Punched and Packed
for shipment, ready to be riveted on the
HYDRAULIC RIVETING, Boiler Work and
Water Pipes made by this establishment, riv
eted by hydraulic riveting machinery, that
quality of work being far superior to hand
SHIP WORK, Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam
Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made
after the most approved plans.
SOLE AGENTS and manufacturers for the Pa
cific Coast of the Heme Safety Boiler.
PUMPS Direct Acting Pumps for irrigation or
city works purposes, built with the celebrated
Davy Valve Motion, superior to any other
J. N. S. WILLIAMS Honolulu
Room No. 3, upstairs, Spreckels' Block.
551marl2d&wtf Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
NO. 1 PORT STREET.
Opposite Wilder ft Co.'s
JT. Molte, Propr.
OPKK TOU 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M
FIRST-CLASS LUNCHES, COFFEK,
TEA, SODA WATER, GINGER ALE,
Oigraxis and Tobaccos
OF BEST BRANDS
Plain and Fancy PIPES personally selected from
the Manufacturers, and a Large Variety
of BEST QUALITY
Lovers o BILLIARDS will find an Elegant
BRUH5W1CK & CO, BILLIARD TABLE
on the Premises.
The Proprietor would be pleased to receive a call
from his Friends and the Public generally
who may desire a
LUNCH. A SMOKE, OB A C9AME Ol
H. J. NOLTE,
Geo. C. Shreve & Co.,
And Importers of
Diamonds, Watches, Silver and Silver Plated
Ware, Decorated China, Art Brass Goods, Fans,
Canes, Umbrellas, Berlin and Vienna Leather
Goods, Opera Glasses, Clocks, Etc.
Montgomery and Sntter Sts..
SAN FRANCISCO. 413ja2588
OEDING'S BAGGAGE EXPRESS
M. JT. SANDERS, PROP.,
Deliver Baggage and Freight of Every Descrip
tion with Promptness and Dispatch.
Office, 81 Kins: Street. Roth Tele-
Residence, 118 Knnana Street. Bell
.Telephone for Residence, 3.
VVm. G. Irwin.
CLAUS SPRECKELS & CO.,
Draw Exchange on the principal parts of the
Will receive deposits on open account, make
collections and conduct a general banking and
Deposits bearing interest received in their Sav
lugs Department subject to published rule9 aud
WIIM'S STEAMSHIP CO.,
Leaves Honolulu as per following schedule
ouching at Lahaina, Maalaea, Makeua, Mahu
kona,KawaihaeLaupahoehoe. Hilo and Keauhou:
Commencing on MONDAY, July 26, 1886, aud
on every alternate Monday at 4 p. m.,the Kinau
will make the VOLCANO TRIP, reaching Keau
hou on Wednesday morning, where horses and
carriages are in waiting to convey passengers to
the VOLCANO HOUSE (five miles in the saddle
and nine miles by carriage).
Passengers by this route will have two days
and two nights at the VOLCANO HOUSE.
TICKETS FOR THE ROUND TRIP TO THE
VOLCANO, FIFTY DOLLARS, WHICH PAYS
The Kinau will arrive in Honolulu Sunday
mornings on Volcano rrips. On Ililo trips, wil
leave Honolulu on Tuesdays, and return Saturday
PASSENGER TRAINS will connect with the
Kinau at Mahukona
The Kinau WILL TOUCH at Honokaia and
Paauhau on down trips from Hilo for Passengers
tf a signal is made from the shore.
Leaves Honolulu every Monday at p. m lor
Kaunakakai, Kahului, Hoelo. Haua and
Kipahulu, every week; Keanae, Mokulau and Nuu
every other week. Returning, will stop at the
above ports, arriving back Saturday mornings.
For mails and passengers only.
STEAMER K1LAUEA HOU,
Will leave regularly lor Lahalna, Paauhau, Ko-
holaleie, Kukaiau and Ookala.
Will leave regularly for Hakalau, Hononiu and
Leaves for the following ports every alternate'
Monday at 5 p. m.:
nnmmanc.ine Mav 16th To Kaunakakai. Ka
malo, Pukoo, Lahaina, Olowalu. Returning to
Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunakakai. Arriving
at Honolulu Saturday a. m.
Commencing May ytn 10 AaunaKaai, juauai,
Kamalo, Pukoo, Halawa, Wailau, Pelekunu,
Kalaupapa. Returning to Pukoo, Lahaina, Olo
Lahaina Pukoo. Kamalo. Kaunakakai.
Arriving at Honolulu Saturday a. m.
mc ThP Pumnanv will not be responsible lor
any freight or packages unless receipted for, nor
fAi- neronnni hneea?p nnlpss nlainlv marked. Not
' responsible for money or Jewelry unless placed In
W Vt r9 trio PnrQAV
All possible care will be taken of Live Stock, but
the Company will not assume any risk ol acciaeni
SAM'L. G. WILDER, President.
8. B. ROSE, Secretary.
OFFICE Corner Fort and Queen streets.
55-ly Mar 80
S. P. TAYLOR & CO.,
AND DEALERS IN
Paper Rags, Twines, Etc.,
414 and 41G Clay street, " SAN FRANCISCO
Pioneer and San tieronimo Paper Mills.
South Coast Paper Mill, Soquel, Santa Cruz
County, Cal. 441ja25 83
J. IVANCOVICH-& CO.
Importers, Wholesale Dealers and Commission
Poreign l Domestic Fruit,
500 Washington, and 601, 603 & 605 Sansome Sts
This is t!?e oldest established house In this
line of business in San Francisco, and we are
prepared to &! orders of all kinds in our line.
SPECIALTY In PACKING all kinds of FRUIT
for long distance markets. .
N Your!Patrouasre Is Solicited?
Xo. 6 Queen Street,
Fish Market. Dealer in choicest BEEF, VEAL
MUTTON , FISH, etc.
- Family and Shipping Orders carefully attended
to. Live stock furnished to vessels at short
notice, and vegetables of all kinds supplied to
order. 29 tf
TARO FLOUR FACTORY,
COMMENCED OPERATIONS ON THURSDAY,
May 26th, and are now prepared to supply
TAKO FLOUR in any quantities.
With new and improved machinery and other
apparatus, the present Manager guarantees to
supply Taro Hour that will mate a better class
of Pol than ever produced.
All orders to be sent to W. n. CUMMINS,
Manager, at the Factory, Wailuku, Maui ; or to
W. G. IRWIN & CO., Agents, Honolulu.
WENNEK & CO.
82 Fort Street,
Have on hand New Foreign and Homemade
Watches, Bracelets, Necklets,
Pius, Lockets, Clocks,
And ornaments of all kinds.
Silvar and Gold Plate
Elegant Solid Silver Tea Sets.
Suitable for Presentation.
ENGRAVING AND NATIVE JEWELRY
Repairing- in all its brandies.
tar Sole Agents for King's Eye Presei vers.
A. lYT.AD IISTI,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in every kind of
Fresli, Salt, Smoked, Pickled and
Removed to Clay-St. Market, 515-517 MerehantSt.
SAN FRANCISCO. 677my31'88
UNION mi CO.
IMPOBTEBS A DEA.LEBS
HAY AND GRAIN,
Telephone No. 175.
Alakea. near Queen St.
To the Public.
The Pacific Transfer Co.,
Office with the Union Feed Co.
Bell Telephone 175. Mutual Telephonel75.
I am fully prepared to do all kinds of drayage,
hauling or moving work, all of wnich I wUl guar,
an tee to execute faithfully.
36 ly 8. F. GRAHAM, Proprietor.
J. M. Oat, Jr., & Co.,
STATIONERS & NEWS DEALERS,
Hawaiian Gazette Block.
27 Merchant St., Konoluln. B.I.
K0.6O Nnnanu Street,
Honolulu, II. I.
Particular attention paid to repairing.
YVTE HAVE A LARGE QUANTITY OF OLD
V newspapers on hand, which will be sold
for 25 cents a hundred. They are useful for
wrapping parcels, laying under carpets, etc.3
P. C. ADVERTISER.
ECIL BROWN, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND
J Notary Public, Campbell's Block, Merchant
Office in Campbell's Block, corner Fort and
Merchant streets, Honolulu, U. I.
PRACTICES IN THE COURTS. .
6SWhen desired, will give the law in a writ
ten opinion, as to the probable result of the
contention upon tne tacts stated 44 tl
J. M. MONSARRAT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Real Estate In any part of the Klngr
dom Bought, Hold and Leased on Commission
Loans Negotiated and Legal Documents Drawn
'WO. 27 MERCHANT STREET,
Gazette Block, Honolulu. 5-tf
Foundation Timbers ! !
We have just received fvom Australia a few Lron
bark Fouudation Timbers.
SIZES 16x24 inches, 12 Feet Eongr.
And 14x18 inches, 1G Feet Eong;
These timbers, as their name signifies, are
nearly as solid and durable as iron, and for
foundation purposes, or others of like nature,
cannot e surpassed.
W. G. Irwin & Go.
Importer and Manufacturer J
Of all Descriptions of
BOOTS & SHOES
qt Orders from the other Islands solicited.
Ho. 114 Fort St., Honoliiln.
A. 0." Cook & Son,
Eace Eeather and
No. 415 Market street, San Francisco.
81 KINO STREET,
GL J. WALLER,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
LEEGE & MILLS,
Steam, Coffee and Spice Mills.
Importers ofTeas, CoflTees, Spices.
Chartres Java Coffee, Yeast Powder, Cream Tar
tar, Soda. Salaeratus, Ground Coffee, For
eign and Domestic Matches.
410-412 Clay St. bet. Sansome & Batterjr
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
P. O. Box 1580. 635mayl3'88
Si)ruance3 Stanley & Co.,
Importers and Jobbers of Fine
WHISKIES, WINES and LIQUORS
410 Front St., San Francisco.
2 tf Aw
H. F. BEBTELMANN,
Contractor and liuilder.
ESTIMATES FURNISHED ON WOOD, BRICK
Cabinet and Carpenter Work done to order.
86 KING STREET. Bell Telephone 107
THE INTER-ISLAND STEAM NAV
EeeD constantlv on hand, for sale. STEAM,
FAMILY and BLACKSMITH COAL, and a general
assortment of BAR IRON. 326 ly
Schweitzer & Co.
Importers and Jobbers of
HOSIERY, GLOVES, CORSETS,
White Goods, Embroideries, Handker
chiefs, Eaces,iiiiDous, JLauies k
29 and 31 Battery St., San Francisco
4B5 feblO BS
E. H. Buclmam & Co.
Manufacturers and Dealers In
Tin, Copper, Crockery and Sheet Iron
w area, ninp LameriiH ana
22 Stewart St., bet. Market and Mission,
-SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Ship and Job Work and Htove Repairing of all
kinds a specialty. 487 feb!0'V8
We have on band a onslgnmeut of
Automatic Trash Feeding
Vm fmir and five foot furnaces. comtriale with
grate bars, bearers and trash carriers. Machines
of this make are now in successful operation at
Spreckelsville, Makee Sugar Company and other
plantations. Also, a consignment of '
Having all the latest Improvements.
PLANTERS AND OTHERS
Interested ftre requested to call and eaarulne the
above. For prices aud further particulars ap
Wm. G. Irwin & Co.,
BONE MEAL !!
The undersifirned are now prepared to re
ceive orders for this Celebrated Fertilizer
from the manufactory of Buck & Ohlaudt
The following is a report of the compo
nent parts, as obtained by Chemical analy
sis: Water , 8.10 per cent
Organic Matter. 29.18 "
Silicious Matter ,.. 4.65
Lime 31.70 "
Phosphoric Acid 23.11
Oxide of Iron 85 "
Carbonic Acid 1.89 "
Alka Salts .52 "
Nitrogen 2.7 per cent.
Orders Received will have Prompt
and Careful Attention,
W. Cr. Irwin & Co.,
Agents or the Hawaiian Islands.
IS JR Miayiiew,
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDERJ r
86 Hotel Street, Honolulu, X7 IM
(Oppsslte Fashion Stables).
F. O. BOX 315.
BELL TIELEPHONK 53.
All work In my line faithfully done. Plans an
specifications made. Jobbing in all details do
at short notice. Good work and low chargea I
my motto. - 88-dec6-8
All accounts for Advertising and Job. Prlntlu
at the ' .
Pacific Commercial AdTertlser
Office will from this date be prestvatad tor
Honolulu, Maioh 2,;i885,
8. L. STANLEY.
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