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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 12, 1887.
THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PU3LISHED EVERY MORNING. terms of sunsc?iPTioar. Per annum f6 00 8Lr months.... 3 00 Pormnnlh . 50C c-Snfoserlptious Payable Always in Advance. Communications from all parts of the Kingdom will always be very acceptable. Persons residing In any part of the United States can remit the amount of subscription due by Post Office money order. Matter Intended for publication in the editorial columns should be addressed to Eoitob Pacific Commercial advertises.' Business communications and advertisements should be addressed simply P. C.JAdvebtiseb, And not to Individuals THE Pacific Commercial Advertiser Is now for sale iailt at tY'( rlk.ainsr Flcc JT. H. SOPER - Merchant street A. M. HEWETT Merchant street T. O. THRUM Fort street . WM. STBAHLMANN Hawaiian Hotel Five Cents ppr copy. WEDNESDAY : October 12th A Meeting in favor of the abolition of slavery was recently prohibited by the Government of Brazil. Parsons, the condemned Chicago An archist, objects on principle to a commu tation of sentence. He wants " Libert or death." The authorities of the New Jersey State Prison have authorized the estab lishment of a night school for the benefit of the convicts, one hundred and forty of whom are reported to be wholly unac quainted with reading, writing and arith metic. That is all very well, but as there are a number of the convicts who have been bank clerks who are to be employed as teachers, we fail to see that any good will arise from the scheme. A Machine called the telautograph is being perfected by Professor Elisha Gray, which if made a success will supersede the present system of telegraphic mes sages, when accuracy is imperative. The machine, says an exchange, is substan tially an arrangement by which a written message will be automatically reproduced in fac-simile at the other end of the line. The message can be written on ordinary paper, and no particular pen is required. At the other end the message is written out by a pen or pencil attached to a movable arm. The feature of the inven tion is the operating mechanism. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SUGAR BOUNTIES. The proposal of the English Govern ment to hold an International Confer ence on sugar bounties is naturally exciting considerable discussion in inter ested circles, especially in France and Germany. At present, judging from the tone of the leading French journals, the probability that the manufacturers of that country will agree to the said con vention, looking toward the abolition of premiums is rather remote at present. Their Chambre Syndicale has also ad dressed a protest to the President of the Council, in which the fervent hope is expressed "that the French Government will refuse its assent to the conference. The chief reason assigned for the objec tion is that the suppression of premiums will inevitably and irrevocably bring with it the extinction of the sugar culti- 41 .vation and industry in the country. The real truth of the opposition, however, seems to be based on the belief that the sugar industry in France is absolutely unable to contend against Germany. The latter country can produce sugar under economical conditions impossible to realize in France. The Germans, on the other hand, are more moderate in their views, and the only cause of anx iety which appears is as to the future com petition of cane sugar. The " Deutsche Zucker Industrie," which has been en deavoring to contribute to the solution of the question how the abolition of prem iums can best be brought, has published an estimate showing that according to data, the accuracy of which is unques tionable, the five largest sugar-growing countries of Europe viz., Germany, Austria, France, Belgium and Holland could, without suffering any loss to the treasury, reduce very considerably the rate of taxation on sugar, and thus effect an eventual unification of duties, without which it would be difficult to establish a practical and lasting International Con vention. The German view chiefly tends toward an endeavor to produce sugar at as low a cost as possible. The French, on the other hand, are more concerned about the reduction of taxes in presence of great financial necessities, and be- il " I t L I X gruuge mu giving up ui anj (uu ut- ever of their splendid revenue from this source. p The " Sucrerie Beige" likens the con duct of Germany to the national fox, " who wishes all his companions to un dergo the same amputation as himself, and states that the abolition of premiums all over Europe would give the German industry a superiority greater than it now possesses. " The attention of Germany is thus divided for the probable result of the change as regards the competition of colonial sugar. The view taken is that the manufacturers of beet sugar would be unfavorably affected, while that of cane sugar would be materially improved. In the meantime the British Sugar Re finers' Committee are making unjust ap peals to the Government for relief, urging that the principle of a duty to countervail a bounty should be admitted by Her Majesty's Government as necessary to the maintenance of free trade, and as the only way in wnich the permanent interests of the consumer can be se cured. San Francisco Merchant. A GIGANTIC SCHEME. An American Syndicate Loan Money to China. The London " Standard " of Septem ber 21st prints a long dispatch from Shanghai concerning the American in vasion of China. In speaking of the ex tent of the concessions obtained, the dispatch says : The result, however, unratified so far by the American syndicate although finally accepted by the Chinese Viceroy, is : This loan of 2,500,000 taels, or over 500,000, at 3 per cent., has already been advanced by the syndicate to the Imperial Board of Telegraph's syndicate, to supply all materials and to fix up a new long-distance telephone between the principal open ports. In addition to this, another loan of 1,000,000 teals has been advanced to the Viceroy, for some purpose not made public, for conven ience called "special purposes." These are the concessions so far defi nitely settled. But those following are tentative propositions, and by far the most important, are: First, the estab lishment of of what is called in the ne gotiations a National and International Amalgamated Bank, under the Imperial charter and supplied by American-Chi nese funds of stupendous sum mostly, however, American money. This insti tution is to have peculiar and exclusive rights, monopolies and various other like considerations from the Imperial Government. It is agreed and coven anted that it will supply, manage and control the entire finances of the Im perial and Provincial Governments, and collect and disburse the entire Imperial Treasury funds, provide sinews of war for all such measures of the Government as the building, construction and main tenance of forts, fleets, arsenals, navies, guns, railways, telegraphs, canals, &c, throughout the Empire. It will provide for the army, the drainage, river im provements and, to put it briefly, every thing for which the Government of such a country as China requires money. The bank will have the exclusive right to coin all moneys and issue notes, and it is intended as a preliminary step to these astounding operations that this institution shall establish branches in every Chinese city of importance, as well as in many cities on the other four continents with which China has diplo matic or commercial relations. Lon don, Paris, New York and Philadelphia are to be the chief foieign centers. In short, its operations are to be endless. There is no doubt that China wants money, and is most anxious to get all she can ; but it is hard to believe that the Viceroy would hand his country so com pletely oyer to the Americans as this scheme would lead one to suppose. The loans already successfully negotiated by the syndicate have been made in a way newr to China, i.e., without having ob tained Imperial decree, a fact which has not tended to lessen the astonishment with which the Emperor's scheme has filled the country. Strange to say, there is no mention made yet of security to be given by China to the Americans for their money for the new bank, which will have even more important functions toward China than the Bank of England toward Eng land. The entire basis of the conces sions is very peculiar, and the tide of public opinion here is against the pro ject. However, we may stand in awe under its overwhelming proportions. The censors have apparently been thrown into consternation by this most daring move of the party of progress, headed by Li Hung Chang and the Mar quis Tseng, and they have not yet me morialized the throne against it, although it is believed that the syndicate will have to fight the prejudices of these most potent forces in the realm. The Iargrest Warship Afloat. On September 20th, in the presence of all the Lords of the Admiralty and an immense concourse of people, soon after noon, a warship of exceptionally power ful type was launched at Portsmouth, England, to be added to the royal navy as the Trafalgar. She will be larger and considerably more formidable than any other British ironclad at present afloat. Although some huge Italian warships exceed her in tonnage displacement and in heavy gun power not one of them is so well protected as the Trafalgar will be when finished. She will displace 11,940 tons of water and will have cost not far short of 900, 000 (about $4,500,000). As she lies this morning she has cost less than 800,000, and only 5,200 tons of steel and iron have been worked into her massive hull. She is 345 feet long and 73 feet broad. Her coal stowage is 900 tons in fore and aft bunkers.. Her armament is to consist of four 132-inch 67-ton breechloadingguns, eight 5-inch breechloading guns, six 36 pounder quick-firing guns, eight 6-pound-er and eleven 3-pounder Hotchkiss quick firing guns, machine, boat and field guns and twenty-four Whitehead torpedoes. The turret guns will fire projectiles j weighing 1,250 pounds, with a powder j charge of 630 pounds, and will train j through an angle of 270 degrees. The eight 5-inch guns will be mounted on the upper deck between the turrets, and will be protected on the sides of the ship from rifle fire by two thicknesses of half-inch plating, and at each end of the battery by armored bulkheads one inch thick, fitted upon six inches of backing and an inner skin. These guns will train through sixty degrees on each side of the beam. The eight 6-pounder Hotchkiss guns will fire from the spar deck, but the 3-pounder guns will be distributed between the spar deck, the bridge, the stern ports and the military tops. There are eight torpedo tubes, four above and four below the water line, the latter being fixed tubes. The above water "tubes are projected from machine gun fire by 2-inch plating. The vessel will be fitted with twin screws, each driven by an .independent set of triple expansion engines, with three vertical cylinders of a collective power of six thousand horses for each set. The weight of this machinery is to be about one thousand and thirty tons. The crank and propeller shafting are hollow and are made of compressed steel. The diametar of the screw pro pellers will be about sixteen feet. Another turret ship, exactly like her and of her dimensions, is building at Pembroke, to be called the Nile. The " Daily News," commenting on the event, says : It is not improbable that these two monsters will be the last of our very big ironclads. No others of first-class size have during the past two years been laid down, and among naval constructors the conviction is now rapidly gaining ground that, for practical purposes, vessels of moderate tonnage always provided they are of great speed will be found more useful than leviathans. Our present ig norance of the realities of modern naval warfare run us into dangerous risks by investing, in the construction of single ironclads, sums which otherwise dis bursed would provide a whole flotilla of fast cruisers, armored gunboats, and swift torpedo vessels. - Quick Speculative Work. Chicago MaiLJ u A Chicago man, " said a well known broker44 can send an order over a private wire to the N e w l ork stock exenange ana nave it execuiea in a minute. Some of these private wires run right on to the floor of the exchange, the message is in the hand of . the broker almost instantly after the Chicago opera tor sends the order, and in another minute the trade is executed. I have sent orders, had ihem executed, and back in less than a minute. The time made is so fast that a Chicago speculator in any one of the dozen stock offices at Chicago is practi cally a 'room trader. ' He can scalp the stock market just as if he was standing on the edse of the crowd and doing his own buying and selling. " ' Didn't Want To Be Vaccinated. Chicago Times. 1 When the vaccination-inspector was making his rounds on a train from Mon treal to Toronto, he accosted a gentleman in the Pullman car with the usual Ques tion: "Have you been vaccinated?" The gentleman, who had very convincing evi dence of a three-weeks development of the operation on one of his arms, offered to let the inspector feel the sore -places through his coat sleeve. The inspector. however, compelled the gentleman to re move the coat and shirt sleeves in order that he might be satisfied about the gen uineness of the vaccination, stating that travelers had attempted to mislead him by sewing two or three buttons in their sleeves. Income of Europeans. Lyon Ha Heal. Levasseur computes that at the commencement of the eighteenth century there were 9,500,000 Europeans who lived in various lands outside of Europe. Including these people, the whole popula tion of Europe was 185,500,000. At present there are 82,000,000 living in other countries, but the population of Europe continues to increase rapidly, and is now 335,000,000. That is.it has nearly doubled since 1700, while the emigration from it is now nine times as large as it was at that time. Diverting: a Kiver's Coarse. Exchange. A great engineering work is being un dertaken by the people of Niigata kent Japan, with the object of directing the water of the Shinano river through a a course which will prevent a repetition of the inundations which have caused so much damage to the neighboring dis tricts At the same time the mouth of the river where the port of Niigata is situated will be deepened. . .Kff, Not Afraid of the Gallows. Texas Sif tings. Little Johnny Fizzletop was rebuked by his father for throwing stones at another boy. "If you keep on in that way you will com mit murder and be hung some of these days," said the parent. "Oh, if I am going to be hung, 111 have a nice time. The newspapers will bring out my picture, and the pretty girls will visit na every day in my cell, and bring me flowers, and Til get into heaven sure, and that will be bully, .won't it, pa?n Josh Billings: Menny a phool haz passed thru life with fair suckcess bi taking a Irak seat and sticking: to it. Big-Hearted, Though Untruthful. Bloomington Through Mail Give me the jolly, rollicking liar, to whom the habit comes so natural that he almost believes he is telling the truth. His words fall upon the saddle-flaps on the side of our heads with that soft, gentle effect we experi ence when we disappear headforemost into a barrel of soft soap. .He does not distort truth particularly for the purpose of deceiv ing his hearers. He has a heart as bi" as a Connecticut ham, and is sincerely mourned when he departs for Liars1 Rest, CREDIT Til AD E SALE On Wednesday & Thursday, October 12th and 13th, commencing at -10 o'clock a. m. Each da y I will sell at public auction, at my salesroom. Queen street, on Liberal Credit to the trade a large assortment of New Goods, Just Eeeeived COMPRISING Large Assortment Woolen Blankets, Shirtings, Pull ass't Tailors' Goods, Black Doeskins, Worsted Coatings, and Suitings, Broadcloths and Serges, Flannels, Brown Linen Drills, Large lot Single Suit pieces, latest patterns; . also, an invoice of Fine Australian Saddles EXT TERMS AT SACK. James F. Morgan, 3t Auctioneer. :n".ew Mercian tTailoriM Establishment The undersigned having opened a ffrst-class Merchant Tailoring Establishment at the Cor Kins and Bethel Streets (Damon Building) under the firm name of F. Haberniaclier & Co Begs leave to solicit the patronage of his friends and public generally. F. Habermaeher. 2w PAUL NEUMANN'S Law Office, 44 Merchant Street : tf Honolulu MAOFAELANE & C0-, HOLl,SAI.K DEALEKN ANl GEN era! Jobbers in WIN KM and LIQUOR N. 13 Kaanuniami Street, HONOLULU. 28-t PACIFIC Commercial Akrtisei 8TKAM BOOK AND JOB FEINTING OFFICE I s prepared to do all kinds of Commercial & Legal Work Having just Received a Complete and New Assortment of Job Types anil Ornaments Of theLatest Styles, from the most Cele brated Foundries of the United States, and employing only Experienced and Tasty Workmen, we are prepared to turn out . Letter Heads. Bill Heads, Circulars. Note Heads, Staten. en ta. Bills or Lading Contracts, Sfortgatre Blaubt, Leases, Snipping? Contracts, (In Hawaiian fc Englitb) Calendars, Blank Checks, Stocfic Certificates. Business Cardfcu! Heal CnecZrs, Mills Tickets, l ank Checks Orders," Receipt?, Marriage Certificates. Diplomas, Catalogues, Blottlnsr J'ads And in fact everything which a first-class office can do. THIS SPACE FOR opular Millinery House, 104 "Port St., tlonolulu. 1ST. S. SACHS, The Leading Millinery House -OF- Chas. J. Fishel. COR. FORT & HOTEL STS. For two Weeks Only Our Semi-Annual Eemnant Sale will take place NEXT MONDAY All our remnants will De placed on the Counter, and marked way down. In-Ladies' Trimmed and Untrimmed Hats, we are prepared to offer BIG BARGAINS. Remnants in all departments. Come and see what we offer you next MONDAY. CHAS. J. FISHEL, Leading Millinery Honse. JAS. F. MORGAN, -A-uc tioneer AND Commission Merchant. MR. JAS. F. MORGAN, LATELY A PARTNER of the firm of E. P. ADAMS & CO., now dissolved, will from this day carry on the busi ness of Auctioneer and Commission Merchant in the premises lately occupied by E. P. Adams & Co., No. 45 Queen street. Honolulu, September 1, 1887. 809tf GRASS SEEDS. COCKSFOOT, RYE GRASS, ENG LISH RED CLOVER, COW GRASS. THE ATTENTION OF ALL INTERESTED IN Improving the pasture landa of the Islands is called to the above valuable seeds, which we offer for sale in lots to suit purchasers. We have also on hand sample lots of White Clover, English Alnyke, Timothy, Rib Grass, Crested Dog's Tail, Tall Fescue. Italian Rye Grass and Lucerne seeds, -which we offer in small lots for trial, and will also receive orders for quantities of not less than half a ton weight, and execute same with dispatch. 717-junel8tfd4tw WM. G, IRWIN & CO. T. 3. BASS S. H. BIOWD T.'J. BASS & CO. Importers of and Dealers In Artists' - M!aterials, Paints, Oils, Glass, Varnishes, Turpentine. Manufacturers of Mouldings, Picture Frames, etc., etc., etc. 11 and 16 Ellis Street near Slarket, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 631mayHtf Hawaiian Mutual Tire and Marine Insurance Co. Subscription Lists for Stock and Policies now open at GULICKS AGENCY, 9Jiul5 No. 38 Merchant Street Wxtistmtnts. IS EESEEVED THE PROPBIETOR . G. Irwio & Co OFFER FOR SALE: SUGARS DRY GRANULATED In Barrels, Half Barrels, And 80-pound Boxec. CUBE In Half Barrels And 25-pouod Boxes, POWDERED In 30-pound Boxes. GOLDEN C. COFFEE In Half Barrels TEAS Blue Mottled Soap SALMON Cases Corned Beef. FLOU Cs Medium Bread. OIL FUEL and LUBRICATING. LIME 3 CEMENT Galvanized Iron Roofing, EIDG1NG SCREWS and WASHERS. Sugar Bags-22x36. CORDAG-E. Manila and Sisal, Panana Twine, Whale Line Reed's Felt Steam Pipe and Boiler Covering. GRASS SEEDS, HILL TIMBERS. "A- TENT8, (suitable for tag and surveying parties 22 tf CLAPS S7KKIIU. WM. nwv WMr Q. IBWIN & Co., SUGAR FACTORS and fommllon AGENTS. Honoiuln H. I. 18-tfwtf M. PHILLIPS & Co., Importer and Wholesale Xealers In Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hatsr Men's Furnish lag and Fancy Goods. No. 11 Kaahumanu Street Honolulu, II. I. 25tf-wtx N. F. BURGESS, Expressman & Drayman, 84 KING STREET, HONOLULU. Telephone No. 202. Residence, ICS. 709Jel6tf H. HACKFELD & CO., aEifEiMx corraissioir. ageutr. 2& tf Queen St., Honolulu, H. Wm