VOL. VI. NO. 242.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, L887.
PRICE 5 CENTS.
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Every Morning Except Sundays.
Dailv p. C. Advektiskb, one year. I J JO
Daily P. C. Advkrtmkr, six months.. w
Daily P. C. Advertiser, three months i w
Daily P. C. Advertiser, per month
Weekly P. C. Advertiser, one year........... &
Ft eign Subscription, W. P. C. A. (including go
Payable Invariably in Advance
Discourtesy of the Type-Writer.
That young woman who the other day
sent her "young man's" letter back and
dismissed his suit at once and for all be
cause the youth was thoughtless enough
to address her with a type-writer ought to
be regarded as a pioneer in a much-needed
reform. She certainly will be commended
in many quarters for grasping boldly an
evil and sotting her foot on it. The type
writer is no doubt a useful and labor-saving
machine, but it is gradually becoming
an implement of discourtesy, all the
same, and its power for evil in this re
spect needs to be checked. While there
are thousands of business men and others
who make constant use of these machines
there are also many other thousands who
do not, and who retain the old-fashioned
idea that in a correspondence of a semi
friendly or confidential nature no eye
should Tall upon'it but the two partic
ipants. Nothing is so exasperating to a person
who does not use a type-writer or employ
an amanuensis as lo write an autograph
letter to a friend on some topic of a half
way private nature, and receive in reply
a sheet co'.ered with the cold, mechanical
imprint of the keys. lie realizes then that
the nature of his business is known to at
least two others besides the one who alone
has a right to know it, and he chafes un
der it, and naturally resolves that the next
time he has occasion to communicate
with that friend he will go and see him
Again, the type-writer, except with let
ters of the most formal business charac
ter, is discourteous, because it carries with
it a suggestion of indifference, and noth
ing can be more impolite than to so
gard a friend's communication. As was
before said, the type-writer is useful, but
Ihose who employ it so universally should
be cautious and mindful of the courtesies
find amenities that should always govern
correspondence. Between business men,
business correspondence may be done by
machinery, but between friendly ac
quaintances, on matters not wholly relat
ing to business, a reply by type-writer to
an autograph letter can be considered lit
tie less than an affront It certainly is a
Unharmed by Thronging Sharks
Trinidad Cor. Pittsburg Dispatch.
"When a whale is captured off the Bocas
the blowing of horns heralds its approach
to one of the whaling stations in the isl
ands of the Bocas. We at once deter
mined to follow the whaling boat which
we saw rounding a point, rowed by eight
vigorous whalemen; and towing a huge,
shapeless mass. The capture of a whale
off the coast of Trinidad is altogether dif
f erent from an occurrence of the same
kind in northern and Arctic regions,
owing to the swarming of countless sharks
about the defunct monster and their fero
cious attacks on his carcass.
We followed in .he wake of the whale
boat and quite close to the whala Al
ready the sharks, with an instinct rivaling
that of carrion birds, were gathering round
their prey and increasing in numbers
every moment We reached Monos,
another island in the Bocas, and there at
the whaling station, situated at a rlat
point on shallow water, the lifeless whale
was hauled in close to the shore. Now
began the work of cutting up the whale
and carrying the blubber masses to the
caldrons. At this stage the sharks actually
grew frantic, and would jump out of the
water to seize on some pieces of blubber
they thought within reach.
These otherwise dangerous fishes are,
on an occasion of this kind, perfectly
harmless to mau, and this is well known
to the whalemen. One of them having
dropped his knife in the water dived to
recover it in the shallow water, and was
left unmolested by the swarming mon
sters, whom he almost touched at every
moment Numbers of sharks are alsc
harpooned with the greatest facility on
these occasions, and the oil which is ob
tained from their livers is said to be
superior to cod-liver oil in therapeutic
Lawless Character or English Spelling.
Popular Sciecce Monthly.
u Learning to read the English lan
guage." says Frederick A. Fernald, "is
one of the worst mind-stunting processes
that has formed apart of the general edu
cation of any people Its evil influences
arises from the partly phonetic, partly
lawless character of English spelling."
He further says: "The spelling of each
word must be learned by sheer force of
memory. In this work the pupil's rea
soning powers can not be utilized, but
must be subdued, while his memory
is sadly overworked. In the atlairs of
the child's daily life the logical following
out of rules is rewarded. In learning to
spell it brings him only discomfiture and
And again: "On the other hand, the
child who has difficulty in learning to
spell may be expected to develop strong
logical faculties. Thus, a boy who had
long been at the foot of his spelling class
was one day given the word ghost, and,
making a desperate attempt at the sort of
spelling he had oftenest heard succeed, he
spelled it g-h-o-g-h-j-s t. This bringing
upon him shouts of laughter, he said,
with clinched fist and tearful eves: 4 You
needn't laugh; you all spell homelier 'n
that . -
ROYAL INSURANCE CMP'Y
Fire Insnranoe of all description
will be effected at Moderate Kates of Prem
una, by the undersigned.
WM. G. IRWIN fe CO
20-d&wtf Managers for Haw. Islands
Fire and Marine Insurance Co,
or New Zealand.
CAPITAL, : 910,000,000
Having Established an Affency at
Honolulu, for the Hawaiian Islands, the un
dersigned are prepared to accept risks against Fire
In dwellings, stores warehouses and merchandise)
on favorable terms. Marine risks on cargog
freights, bottomry, profits and commissions.
fosses promptly adjusted & payable
19-dwtf WM. G. IRWIN fc CO.
Iron & Locomotive Works,
Corner of Beal and Howard Streets,
8AN FRANCISCO CALIFORNIA
W. H. TAYLOR President
JOS. MOORE Superintendent
BUILDERS OF STEAM MACHINERY, IN ALL
its branches: Steamboat, Steamship, Land
Engines and Boilers, High Pressure or Com
pound. STEAM VESSELS of all kinds built complete
with hulls of wood, iron or composite.
ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad
visable. STEAM LAUNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs con
structed with reference to the trade in which
they are to be employed. Speed, tonnage and
draft of water guaranteed.
SUGAR MILLS and Sugar Making Machinery
made after the most approved plans. Also, all
Boiler iron Work connected therewith.
WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any
size, made in suitable lengths for connecting
together,or Sheets Rolled, Punched and Packed
for shipment, ready to be riveted on the
HYDRAULIC RIVETING, Boiler Work and
Water Pipes made by this establishment, riv
eted by hydraulic riveting machinery, that
quality of work being far superior to hand
SHIP WORK, Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam
Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made
after the most approved plans.
SOLE AGENTS and manufacturers for the Pa
cific Coast of the Heme Safety Boiler.
PUMPS Direct Acting Pumps for irrigation or
city works' purposes, built with the celebrated
Davy Yalve Motion, superior to any other
J. N. S. WILLIAMS Honotulu
Room No. 3, upstairs, Spreckels' Block,
551marl2d&wtf Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
NO. T PORT STREET.
Opposite Wilder & Co.'a)
J". Norte, Propr,
OPEN FOM 3 A. H. TILL 10 P. M
FIRST-CLASS LUNCHES, COFFEE,
TEA, SODA WATER, GINGER ALE,
OigTLrs and Tobaccos
OF BEST BRANDS
Plain and Fancy PIPES personally selected from
the Manufacturers, and a Large Variety
Of BEST QUALITY
Lovers o BILLIARDS will find an Elegant
BRUNSWICK & CO. BILLIARD TABLE
on the Premises.
The Proprietor would be pleased to receive a call
from his Friends and the Public generaUy
who may desire a
LUNCH. A SMOKE, OR A AJ1E OF
H. J. NOLTE-
Geo. C. Slireye & Co.,
And Importers of
Diamonds, Watches, Silver and Silver Plated
Ware. Decorated Chin. Art Rraoa ClnnAu Fans.
Canes, Umbrellas, Berlin and Yienna Leather
Goods, Opera Glasses, Clocks, Etc.
Montgomery and Sutter Sts..
SAN FRANCISCO. 443ja2588
OEDING'S BAGGAGE EXPRESS
M. N. SANDERS, PROP.,
Deliver Baggage and Freight of Every Descrip
tion with Promptness and Dispatch.
Office, 81 Kinsr Street. Roth Tele
Residence, 118 Nnnann - Street. Rell
Telephone for Residence, 3.
. 706-June 15tf .
Wna. G. Irwl.
CLAUS SPRECKELS & CO.,
Draw Exchange on the principal parts of the
Will receive deposits on open account, make
collections and conduct a general banking and
Deposits bearing interest received in their Sav
Ings Department subject to published rules and
WILDER'S STEAMSHIP CO,
Leaves Honolulu as per following schedule
ouchiug at Lahaina, Maalaea, Makena, Mahu
kona,KawaihaeLaupahoehoe. Hilo and Keauhou:
Commencing on MONDAY, July 26, 188R, and
on every alternate Monday at 4 p. m.,the Kiuau
will make the VOLCANO TRIP, reaching Keau
hou on' Wednesday morning, where horses and
carriages are in waiting to convey passengers to
the VOLCANO HOUSiC(iive miles in the saddle
and nine miles by carriage).
Passengers by this route will have two days
and two nights at the VOLCANO HOUSE.
TICKETS FOR THE ROUND TRIP TO THE
VOLCANO, FIFTY" DOLLARS, WHICH PAYS
The Kinau will arrive in Honolulu Sunday
mornings on Volcano trips. On Htlo trips, wil
leave Honolulu on Tuesdays, and return Saturday
PASSENGER TRAINS will connect with the
Kinau at Mahukona
The Kinau WILL TOUCH at Honokaia and
Paauhau on down trips from Hilo for PasseDgers
tf a signal is made from the shore.
Leaves Honolulu every Monday at p. m tor
Kaunakakai. Kahului, Huelo. Hana and
Kipahulu, every week: Kanae,Mokulauand Nuu
every other week. Returning, will stop at the
above ports, arriving back Saturday morniugs.
For mails and passengers only.
STEAMER KILAUEA HOU,
Will leave regularly tor Lahaina, Paauhau. o
Will leave regularly for Hakalau, Honomu and
Leaves for the following ports every alternate
Monday at 5 p. m.:
Commencing May H5th To Kaunakakai, Ka
malo, Pukoo, Lahaina, Olowalu. Returning to
Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunakakai. Arriving
at Honolulu Saturday a. m.
Commencing May 9th -To Kaunakakai, Lanai,
Kamalo, Pukoo, Halawa, Wailau, Pelekunu,
Kalaupapa. Returning to Pukoo, Lahaina, Olo
walu. Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunatakai.
Arriving at Honolulu Saturday a. m.
ttgg- The Company will not be responsible lor
any freight or packages unless receipted for, por
for personal baggage unless plainly marked. Not
responsible for money or jewelry unless placed In
harge of the Purser.
All possible care will be taken of Live Stock, but
the Company will not assume any risk of accident
SAM'L. G. WILDER, President.
S. B. ROSE, Secretary.
OFFICE Corner Fort and Queen streets.
55-ly Mar 0
S. P. TAYLOR & CO.,
AND DEALERS IN
Paper Rags, Twines, Etc.,
414 and 416 Clay street, SAN FRANCISCO
Pioneer and San Geronimo Paper 31111s.
South Coast Paper Mill, Soquel, Santa Cruz
County, Cal. . 441 ja25 '88
J. IVANCOVICH & CO.
Importers, Wholesale Dealers and Commission
Poreign Domestic Fruit
600 Washington, and 601, 603 & 605 Sansome fits.,
This Is the oldest established house In this
line of business in San Francisco, and we are
prepared to fill orders of all kinds in our line.
SPECIALTY in PACKING all kinds of FRUTT
for long distance markets. "
YonrJPatronnse is Solicited? ,
No. 6 Queen Street,
Fish Market. Dealer in choicest BEEF, VEAL
MUTTOiN , FISH, etc.
Faniilv and Shirminc flrrtprs r-Hrpfiill v AttAnripxl
to. Live Stock furnished to vessels at short
notice, ana vegetables of all kinds supplied to
order. 29 tf
TARO FLOUR FACTORY,
(COMMENCED OPERATIONS ON THURSDAY,
J May 26th, and are now prepared to supply
TARO FLOUR in any quantities.
With new and Improved machinery and other
apparatus, the present Manager guarantees to
supply Taro Flour that will make a better class
of Poi than ever produced.
All orders to be sent to W. H. CUMMINS.
Manager, at the Factory, Wailuku, Maui ; or to
W. G. IRWIN & CO., Agents, Honolulu.
WENNEfi & CO.
92 Fort Street,
Have en hand New Foreign and Homemade
Watches, Bracelets, Necklets,
Pins, Lockets, Clocks,
And ornaments of all kinds.
Silver and Gold Plate,
Elegant Solid Silver Tea Sets.
Suitable for Presentation.
ENGRAVING AND NATIVE JEWELRY
Repairing: In all its branches.
r sole Agents for King's Eye Presei vers.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in every kind of
Fresh, Salt, smoked, Ptcliled and
Removed to Clay-St. Market, 515-517 Merehantfit.
SAN FRANCISCO. 677my31'88
UNION FEED JO.
IMPORTERS A DEAXERS
HAY AND GRAIN,
Telephone No. 175.
Alakea, near Qneen St. UJ
To tlie Public.
The Pacific Transfer Co.,
Office with the Union Feed Co.
Bell Telephone 175.
I am fully prepared to do all kinds of drayage,
hauling or moving work, all of wnich I will guai
antee to execute faithfully.
36 ly S. F. GRAHAM, Proprietor.
J. H. SOPER)
J, M. Oat, Jr., & Co.,
STATIONERS & NEWS DEALERS,
Hawaiian Gazette Block,
27 Merchant St.,
No. 60 Nnnann Street,
Honolulu, H. I.
Particular attention paid to repairing. 82tf
WE HAVE A LARGE QUANTITY OF OLD
newspapers on hand, which will be sold
for 25 cents a hundred. They are. useful for
wrapping parcels, laying under carpets, etc.
' - . P, C. ADVERTISER;
ATTO RNEYS-ATLA W .
CECIL BROWN, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND
Notary Public, Campbell's Block, Merehant
A.TTORNE Y-AT-L A W,
Office in Campbell's Block, corner Fort and
Merchant streets, Honolulu, H. I.
PRACTICES IN THE COURTS.
JCQf When desired, will give the law In a writ
ten opinion, as to the probable result of the
contention upon the facts staled 44 tf
J. M. MONSARRAT.
ATTORNEY AT IA
Real Estate In any part of the Kins
dom Bought, Sold aud Leased on Commission
Loans Negotiated and Legal Documents Drawn
NO. 27 MERCHANT STREET,
Gazette Block, Honolulu. 5-tf
Foundation Timbers ! !
We have just received from Australia a few Iron
bark foundation Timbers.
SIZES 16x24 Inches, 12 Feet Long.
And 14x18 inches, 16 Feet Iiongr
These timbers, as their name signifies, are
nearly as solid and durable as iron, and for
foundation purposes, or others of like nature,
cannot e surpassed.
"VV. Gk Irwin & Co.
Importer ani Haanfactnrer J
Of all Descriptions of
BOOTS & Sf-SOES
tyOrders from the other Islands solicited.
No. 114 Fort St., Honolulu.
A. O.i Cook & Son,
ace Leather and
No. 415 Market street, San Francisco.
442 Jan 25 '88
81 KINO STREET,
G. J. WALLER,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
LEEGE & MILLS,
E 51PIB E
Steam, Coffee and Spice Mills.
Importers of Teas, Coffees, Spices.
Chartres Java Coffee, Yeast Powder, Cream Tar
tar, Soda. Salaratus, Ground Coffee, For
eign and Domestic Matches.
410-412 Clay St. bet. Sansome & Rattery
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
P.O. Box 1580. 635maylS'83
Spruanco, Stanley & Co.,
Importers and Jobbers of Fine
WHISKIES, WINES AND LIQUORS
410 Front St., San Francisco.
2 tf Aw
H. F. BERTELMANN,
Contractor und Builder.
ESTIMATES FURNISHED ON WOOD, BRICK
Cabinet and Carpenter Work done to order.
8fl KINO STREET. Rell Telephone 107
THE INTER-ISLAND STEAM NAV
Keep constantly on hand, for sale, STEA1I.
FAMILY and BLACKSMITH COAL, and a general
assortment of BAR IRON. 326 17
Schweitzer & Co.
Importers and Jobbers of
HOSIERY; GLOVES, CORSETS,
White Uoods, Embroideries, Handker
chiefs. Laces, Ribbons, JLadies' &
29 and 31 Battery St., San Trancisco
E. H. Buclmam & Co.
Manufacturers and Dealers In
Tin, Copper, Crockery and Sheet Iron
Wares, Ship Lanterns and
22 Stewart St., bet. Market and Mission,
BAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Ship and Job Work and Stove Repairing of all
kinds a specialty. 487 febl
We have on band a onslgnment of
Automatic Trash Feeding
Foi four and five foot furnaces, complete witli
gratf bars, bearers aud traBh carriers. Machines
of this make are now In successful operation at
Spree kelsville, Makee Sugar Company and other
plantations. Also, a consignment of
Having all the latest Improvements.
PLANTERS AND OTHERS
Interested are requested to call and examine the
above. For prices and further particulars ap
Wm. Gr. Irwin & Co.,
The undersigned are now prepared to re
ceive orders for this Celebrated Fertilizer
from the manufactory of Buck & Ohlandt
The following is a repoTt of the compo
nent parts, as obtained by Chemical analy
sis! Water 8.10 per cent
Organic Matter. 29.18 "
Silicious Matter 4.65 " "
Lime 31.70 " "
Phosphoric Acid 23.11
Oxide of Iron 85 "
Carbonic Acid 1.89 11 ;
Alka Baits .52 " .
Nitrogen 2.7 per cent.
Order 8 Received will ha?Protnpt
and Careful Attention, s i
W. a. Irwin & Co'v
Agents or the Hawaiian Iul&nda,
IS JVJIayhe w,
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDERJ
86 Hotel Street, Honolulu, 27 1
(Oppeilte Fashion Stables).
P. O. BOX 115.
BELL TBLEPIIONI? 81 ,
All work In my line faithfully done. Plans an
specifications made. Jobbing in all df talis don
at short notice. Good work and low charges 1
my motto. 63-dec-8fc
All accounts for Advertising and Job PrintiB
Pacific Commercial AdVertlner
Office wni from this date be prestd far
Honolulu, March 2 .J13S5,
B. L. 8TA-NLKY.
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