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PAOmC COMMERCIAL. ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 18, 1857.
am 1 SLEEP! NO. S!?p, little ey; lfpdwn dark frfnja Ovor the depths so wilful -trUe; And cover thoe charigsfnl scft grey tins Frill of the glory of ant'imn skie Sleep, little mmzth, and sraHe in slpfn Soft a the w'nd that floats from the . Sonth. Who knnw v?ht trembling gfh are !ep- Behind tb7 barriers eTowi, sweet month! B-st oh, little heart, s!ep nevar," afce er, Arrd wait for the love that shall nerer di. Tht not evn Death from thee shall ser?r; For -hom -will It bloom, little heart? IJ it I? A PRACTICAL MARINE TELEPHONE. It Fe la "Enzlnnd In lt!rh!ns the UffJit hl Snefal Kxperl merit. BoftoTi ITr?.M. An epriment of the gratet im portance to the commercial world is now bein mad on the east coast of Kn gland by the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance company, ror the last eight months the company has had .several of its best operatives located in the neighborhood of the 'Naze, off which the inot dangerous sands round Kngiand are to be found. These gentlemen are hourly in communica tion by telephone with a lightship which is anchored ten miles out, in the vicinity of the Swin passage. An ordinary telegraph cable hss been laid from Walton-on-the-Nae to the Sunk lightship, and telephone and telegraphic apparatus have been affixed to both ends. it was considered improbable that the human voice would he conducted ten miles especially in rough weather, but this has been now proved to be thor oughly practicable. A conversation was carried on with Afr. Stevenson, one of the Telegraphic Maintenance com pany's officials (who was on board the Sunk lightship, by telephone for a con- I siderable time. Mr. Stevenson had j ben a month upon the boat. j and had experienced all kinds of ' weather, during which time he had : kept Mr. Lewis and Mr. Pinkerton, his ; colleagues on shore, fully informed of ; the state of the weather, roughness of the sea and pnssing craft, adding fre- j qnently forecasts of weather which : usually turned out to be correct. A month on the lightship is a trying or deal, but Mr. Stevens was so satisfied with the .success that attended the ex periment, and knowing, if the ad van- ! tage of telephonic communication with lightships was understood and generally i adopted, what a splendid boon it would be to mariners and merchants, that he .spent his time busily in collecting in- 1 formation and witching the working of ! his electrical machines. In a back room of the Walton postof- j nee are machines for utilizing magnetic ! currents of all descriptions. A button ! is touched, which rings a bell in Mr. j Stevenson's cabin upon the Sunk light- j ship, ten miles away, then a voicethat j of Mr. Stevenson is heard inquiring j what is wanted. "How is the vrindf" i "How is the tide?" "Have 1 v i sncn ana sucn a snip pass much water is there in the Swin pas sage'" The-'o questions can b. answered at once. Or the following is trans mitted: "Signal such and such a shi that she is to nut in at Harwich. Kvery ship passing is duly signalled , and b r name and description telephoned to the Walton potofficc. On an average, ninety ships pass in the day, and if was known that messages co.ild be sent ashore no doubt the majority of these would avail themselves of the benefit. A considerable number of the ships passing have come a great distance with out passing one of Lloyd's signalling stations. The signalling of these pass ing the Sunk lightship would bo of great commercial value, as their timn of arrival at any port they were bound for could be timed by the owners in London accurately, and everything could be made ready for the landing and sale of the cargo. you seen 1 I'J vy J DOM PEDRO'S EXPERIMENT 2!ranrarfpt!on of th STa-re H! Hfb Philanthropic TntenttoniT a Fatlar. Rfo Janeiro Cor. Inter 0m. The emancipation of the slaves ha been the old gentleman's hobby for- the last twenty years, and he has earnestly desired to see it accomplished before his death. For fifty-three years that he has been on the throne of Brazil, longer than any monarch ever reigned before, and no man was ever more in terested in accomplishing an objeet than he is in releasing the negroes of Braz iJ from the shackels which now bind them. He has a plantation upon which he has been endeavoring to demonstrate by practical experiment that paid labor is more profitable than slavery. This plantation was formerly the imperial residence and is known as Santa Cruz. It lies jt little beyond the city of Petropolis, in one of the handsomest lo cations in the empire and originally be longed to the Jesuits, who obtained it ai a grant from the Portuguese govern ment and erected the buildings; but the old King Jood, the grandfather of the emperor, confiscated it when he drove the Jesuits out of the country, lived there and derived an enormous revenue from the Fazenda. His son Dom Pedro i did likewise. The present emperor, Dom Pedro II, lived there when he was a boy and after he was married, but his first and only son died in the palace, and its associations are so sad that neither he nor the empress have entered the walls for many years. This is the cross that the old emperor has to bear: but he has devoted this plantation to an attempt to demonstrate the blessings of liberty to the laboring men, and it is not his fault that his philanthropic experiment has not suc ceeded. On this plantation he employs 2,400 slaves, and treats them in the most generous and humane manner, providing them with neat and com modious cabins to live in, educating their children, giving them all they want to eat and to wear, and crediting them with the labor they perform. His plan has been that the negroes could cam their own freedom if they had a chance, and he has a system of book keeping under which each slave is charged with his original cost and the expense of his maintenance, and cred ited with the amount of labor he per forms. When the account balances, the slave is set free; he has earned liis liberty. But like most of the emperor's philan thropic experiments, this has been a failure. The plantation has kept him poor, and has resulted in securing the freedom of but very few slaves. The negroes are not fools, and understand very well that they are better off with such a master than in the' condition' of freedmen, and they have worked so un profitable' and made the expenses of their maintenance so large that seldom has any one of them ver earned enough during the year to pay for his keeping, and during the twenty years that the emperor has patiently kept up this sys- j tern it is said to have cost him over J $2,000,000. The emperor remains constantly at PetronolR and the only thing that can i induce him to come to the city of Rio is to attend a debate on the slavery ques tion or some official ceremony. NEW GOODS! NEW GOODS! B TPTXTTJl uQ JiMLJlUM) XT CO Have J2W and 99 Fort Street, just opened a new consignment SEASONABLE Inspection Invited. m3 tartissmtrtt! PACIFIC HABDFABE CO., I'd, EOBMOtfGEBf oi GOODf If you want a tine CIGAR, try some of arrived at Straiton Jc Storm's, which 1 H0LLISTE C0.S. ! V ' ! ' - ! : i fi jN E W GOODS Just IiVrcivefl. CONCORD ATTACHMENT JAM A Ke I1A0 All A mm 109 Fort Street. H. Jil. Mclntyre & J"iro.. IMPOBTKT AND DKAf,KKM IN" Groceries, P'rovi si ons and Feed: Which can be used on ix common lamp-burner. NEW LAMP GOODS At very low price-. Latest Improved Burners. A line line oi GLASS ""r .A. J?. E Entirely new to this market. X7-rall and examine our novelties. M. MeCH W. 12 and 14 Qneen St.. HONOLULU. esnet & mm, I-' Clay Street. SAX FRAN'CIKCO, ('A I.. Importers and Wholesale Grocers. A FULL LINE OF KANT CORNER FORT ANT KIXO STRRKTS. Prv?tie hj vry ateamer. a U orr fthfjlJy Httnd to. arvl ;onU .nvrri' ianv '.art of tJi city rre-or cbare. Island r1ers solicited. Satlfaotlon narar,t-d. ltotfW b.x' Vn u", ie?pbo No. 92 6(."apl7 STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES. COFFEES, TEAS -A IN"! SPICES. 1876 GEO W. LINCOLN. UILD 1885- 75 and 77 Kinp- Street, Tlpbon Jfo. 375. - Pfonoliiln us Plantation Stores, Salmon, Bee Pork. Elonr. Beans, Bread, etc. Fresh arrivals 1 y every steamer anrl sailing vessel. Special inducements ottered to Portugese Traders, in a variety of Fresh ( joods especially suitetl to their wanLs. HIGHEST CASH PUICE PAID FOR Dit and Green Hides and Goat Skins LARGEST ASSORTED STOCK OF GROCERIES ON TTIE ISLAND. rt ,itpnn at Washington. "Look -wh-r3 that name is 'written," ?aid a hotel clerk one day, pointing to the autograph of an ex-congressman in tho hotel register. "You see it begins about the middle of the page. That is an old trick of sly and vain congress re. en from up the country. I know it, for I was clerk in a big house in Wash ington for years, and they all do it. The name is started so far over that the clerk can put 'Honorable before it, the writer having too much false modesty to do it himself. See, I have put the flattering title a gainst this one. If I didn't 1 suppose the old man would turn blue with disappointment. I neglected it once as an experiment, and I never ahall forget the look of anger that crossed the face of the man in that case -when he glanced at the register three or four hours after ho had arrived, and vw the handle to his name still wanting. fter a moment or two he took up' a pen and deliberately put in the 'Honor Able' himself." A Colony of Enthrmianta Near Walla Wallaf, W. T., is a colony of religions enthusiasts who call their organization the Kingdom of Heaven on &rth. They practice polygamy, believe i the transmigration of souls, and r'aim that David, Solomon, Moses, John ths Baptist and St. Feter have been born t ain and are now in tho colony, and t at they will soon commence a career conquest and subdue the world. They 1 Md property in common. There are very few Americans among them. The "nrm Qntion.' rCMCftgo Tim?: English military leaders are begin ning to urge a reform in what is known as "the horse question.' In 1873; when the army required 2,000 transport borses, it was found necessary to import 1,500 from France. In 1883 it took , 1,700 of tho useful beasts. In the first month of a serious war it is estimated fiat 6jQ00 horses would bo needed by the various brances of the British serv ice; 2,500 is the utmost that the home market could supply. Frjrre of MoH'' mm-ManNm. Mohammedanism haa made great strides in Africa within the last fifty years, and Christian missionaries freely fay. they will soon h-ve to deal with it rather than with paganism . The death rate in Dakota is only five in 1,600. Tiim Iita!l a a Brafn Kynlator. 1 Atlanta Constitution. J With a population of 300,000,000 China has not a single insame asylum. This fact does not prove that there are no lunatics among the Chinese, but it shows that they are not gutliciently numerous to make an asylum neces sary. To what do the Chinese owe their ex emption from brain disease? Various explanations are given. It is said that the Mongolian enjoys mental repose. He does not fret and worry. As his re ligion has been established for thou sands of years he lets it alone. He cares nothing about politics. There ia no competition to stimulate him. All the business of life is regulated by the government. Doubtless all these things are con ducive to mental sanity, but the Chi neman's equipoise is probably due to his pigtail more than anything else1. It takes good judgement and a nice sense of proportion to make and keep in order a first-class pigtail. It must hang evenly from the middle of the head between the shoulders. It acts as a sort of balance-weight. Some mental concentration is required to keep a pig tail in order, and self-lore, pride and methodical habits are involved in it. This" may seem a trifle, but the human r-iind is controlled by trifles. Our Chi nese friends perhaps builded wiser than they knew when they first twisted their pigtails. Percy Smith: The suggestion that oak tres are r truck because they contain iron is both erroneous and absurd. If oak did con tain iron it would, in all probability, increase its conducting power and act as a preventive. If oak contained an estimable quantity of that metal tho 'vood would turn black on exposure to air on account of the tannin which is present. The blackening may be seen surrounding the iron nails in an oak fence. The contour of the ground, nat ure of the soil, and the presence or ab sence or' water have more influence in deciding the locality of an electric dis charge than the height of a tree. Ad.' to this the difference in conductility between the various woods, and have at once an expl nation of the ap parent peculiarity or tall trees escaping unharmed while shorter trees are de stroyed. Generosity o BroVers. IO r. B:ston Olob.J The generosity of brokers is proverb ial; they give to everybody ana every thing. Does a fire devastate Chicago, does yellow fever dominate a southern city, does a wail come aoross the sea from starving' Ireland, does a mission ary want to build a chapel, or a cardi nal a cathedral, to what class of people does tho collector go? Quick as a flash he seeks credentials that will entitle him to enter the stock exchange or the the offices of brokers1 on the street, knowing full well the result will be cash cash on the riai! WfflS & SPIRIT ME CAMPBELL'S FIRS-PROOF BLOCK, Merchant Street, iro.vorj.-nr. Sole A?ent of the ITwaifm Inlands for JOS. SCHLITZ' KLZW&TJZ2Z 322?. est and Best Assorted Stock THE MARKET. x A NX X. V -V. -1-1 Xv X. X Xx XV . X XX V JTj. X x. irN x X, GJCrt X X:m XX Xx. Respectfully solieitK patron age and guarantees com plete satisfaction to all. SAN FRANCISCO NATIONAL BREWING CO., SAN FRANCISCO. S. LACHMA2T Jb CO.'S CALI70BITIA WIITZ A. 722IKHAU822I & CO., WHISKI2S, &g S. 7. Delmonico and Veuve Cliquct Champagnes V2 rttfl It uii Street, IIiiolut ii. 1NT O T -?-gf ! 1 "1""'"'-" ' """ "" . . W. C. PEACOCK & CO. Wholesale Wine and Spirit Merchant 23 XITUAJUTT STREET, TfONOTUIfT, IT. I. Har Jat Tfivd ex CBBAftTIS, HERCULZ8 andotbT late arrivals dirt from Europe, Gr. H. Munfim's Stoves,-Ranges and Housekeeping Gjods. Plumbing Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work NOW EEADY. 1887, Fourth Year of Publication. THE HONOLULU I1SS7J do do "Extra Dry" Champagne. "Dry Yerzenay'" Champa one. A In Pln and Qtiart. Jnd Lafagan: We do hope for some thing from mankind; yet each day brings us fresh evidence that man's per fidy hasn't struck rock bottom yet. MELCHER'S ELEPHANT" GIN In lmrg clr cryotal bottIt. 5 gallon jkst ca. CASES J. D. K. & Z. GIN EL4h 30 bottled. 4 4-5 gallons. J. J. Pellisson's 10-y ear-old Brandy And a full aortront of the most favorite brands of ALES, WINES AND LIQUOBS, p. o. wx sr. "Wblob ar offered for sale at lowest rate. TFf.PPnOVES No. 4. LMANAC AND DIEECTOE For the Tear of Onr Loril 1S87, Containing an T Astronomical, Ciril & Ecelesiastie'l Calend': FOR THE YEAR AX. Official and Business Directory of Honolnla TOGETHER WITH LEWIS GO 111 Fort BtrMt Importer wd fM?r In Staple and Fancy Groceries. :o:- FEESH GOODS By every steamer from California, and always on hand, a full and complete line of Provisions Etc-i 35 tc. r31 SatUfaction guaranteed. Telephone No. 240. P. 0. Box No. 29T. Fnll Statistical and General Information ATHJG TO THS HA WIT ISUHIBS Great pains and expense have been gone to by the Publishers to make this Almanac and Dibectort the meet useful and comprehen sive work of the kind ever published in the Hawaiian Kingdom. It will be found invaluable to men of business, travelers and tourists, and is guaranteed a wide circulation at Home and in Foreign Couu tries. It Court and Official Calendar carefullv corrected to the latest rroment. Articles of special value to the Islands have oeen prepared by ex pert writers, which are well calculated to beget great interest in their condition aai prospect abroad. Send in your orders for copies early.