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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 24, 1887.
Jlalietoa Farewell Letter ta tlie
ConnlH-Tlie Kival liingT Inter
tebjii of srnscaiPTios,
recognized outside of Opolu, and even )
in that island his party was styled j
Per annnm ...
a5ar$aferiptfon Payable Always in
Communications frnTi all part; of the Kingdom
will always be very acceptable.
Person remMIn? in any part of the United states
can remit the amount of snbscription due by Post
Office aiony order.
Matter Intended fr publication in the editorial
columns should be addressed to
' BTJTTOn PACTlTtC f 'ONfM KKCTAI. A DVKRT7SKS.'
Bi)iios9 communications and a.ivertiHtnnts
nou Id b addressed simply
" P. C. ADvransKR,
And not to indivldnals.
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
fs now for sal dulv at the b'l)wins PTaces
. H. SOPER - "rercnant street
A. M. HEWETT Merchant .street
T. O. THRUM Fort street
WM. STRAHLMANN Hawaiian Hotel
Five Onf4 ppr rpy.
Small-pox is prevalent at Melbourne
Haxlant, the oarsman, arrived at Syd
ney in good health, He commenced
training October :d for his race with
The farewell letter written by Malietoa
to the British and American Consuls,
the night before hi3 surrender, was as
Apia. Samoa. September 16, 137.
To W. H. Wilson, Esq., Britbh Pro-Conlul:
I, Malietoa, King of Samoa, write this
letter to you, as I am now in great dis
tress. When the Chief, Taniasese, and
others first commenced the present i
rr.nKic.-a if mr wish rn rmnish them. ! body.
and put an end to the rebellion they had
raided. Acting, however, on the advice,
and under the assurance, of the then Brit
ish and American Consuls, I refrained
from doing so. I was repeatedly told by
the representatives of the British and
American Governments that they would
afford me and my Government every as
sistance and protection if I abstained from
doing anything that might cause war
among the Samoan people. Reij-ing upon
these promises, I did not put down the re
bellion. Now I find that war has been
made upon me by the Emperor of Ger
many, and Tamasese has been proclaimed
King of Samoa. The German torces and
the adherents of Tamasese threaten to
make war upon all Samoan people who do
not acknowledge Tamasese as King. I am
innocent of an- wrongful act, and hereby
protest against the action of Germany;
but, as the German nation is strong and I
am weak. I yield to their power to prevent
bloodshed and out of love to my people. 1
desire to remind 3011 of the promises so re
peatedly made by our Government, and
trust that you will so far redeem them as
to cause the lives and liberties of my people
to be respected. I wish to inform you that
I fear the Germans will compel me, as they
are now torcing my people, to sign papers
acknowledging Tamasese as King; and if I
sign such papers it will only be under
compulsion and to avoid war being made
on my people.
King of Samoa.
The following is a copy of a letter
from Consul Becker to Malietoa, which
throws the fullest light on what has hap
pened at Samoa :
Samoa was the creation of a "King"! which position he resigned May, 1S37.
with supposed jurisdiction over all the j Since then he has been unable to do
islands, but Malietoa's authority was not j anything.
His decorations are as ioiiows : Knignt
Companion of the Royal Order of Kame
hameha I. ; Grand Officer of the Royal
Order of the Crown of Hawaii ; Grand
Officer of the Royal Order of Kalakaua;
Grahd Cross of the Rising Sun, Japan;
Grand Officer Royal Order Akoua of
Servia; Grand Officer Crown of Prussia;
Grand Cross Crown of Japan ; Red Cross
The deceased was a member ot Ha
waiian Lodge No. 21, F. and A. M.
The funeral takes place this afternoon
at 3 o'clock from St. Andrew's Cathedral,
the Rev. Alexander Mackintosh having
charge of the services. The remains
will be interred in the Kawaiahao Ceine-terv.
"rebels' by those who adhered to the
ancient Samoan form of government j
the federal rule of the chiefs as adminis- j
tered by the two legislative bodies j
called the Taimua and Faipule. The
idea of a King is foreign to Samoan j
ideas the natives being strictly repub- ;
Iican in their views, and the titles of j
chiefs not being hereditary, but being j
bestowed by election of the governing j
THIS SPACE IS
Apia, August 23, 1337.
Love of war has always distinguished j
the Samoans, and now, although Chris- j
tianity and education are all embracing, j
the natives find it difficult to give up I
their old practice. Some fifteen years !
ago, the adherents of young Malietoa, j
being led to believe that his uncle also
a Malietoa had formed a scheme to I
usurp the functions of a chief, declared j
i war; but young Malietoa, who has ever j
been prone to place himself under the !
guidance of the missionaries, withdrew !
into privacy for a time. The war was j
carried on for some years with varying j
results the whole of the islands being j
dragged into the strife; and the upshot I
was the settlement effected by Sir
Arthur Gordon, and the elevation of
young Malietoa to the position of King, j
As showing the esteem in which Malie- !
toa is held by the Samoans generally, it j
is worthy of note that during the war j
his person was held sacred and no at
tempt was made to attack him or make
Tamasese claims to be the real owner
of the land at Mulinuu Point, where
King Malietoa had established the seat
of his government. A portion of this
land had been acquired by an American
named Coe, who sold it to the German
Plantation Company, and the latter
erected a flagstaff upon it, and hoisted
the Imperial German flag. This flag
was a continual annoyance to the Malie
toa party, and had latterly been re
moved by force the flag of Samoa
under that of the United States being
affixed in its stead.
It J Said
I hat the ram wiu do a great aeai or
good; that Hon. J. A. Cummins has
gone to the Coast to look after his
.1 m ...mi
new steamer: mat apt. inpp win
bring her down ; that the churches were
not well attended last evening; that the
roads are in a muddy condition ; that
there was a wedding on Saturday night;
that a fight took place on Saturday be
tween a hare and a rat ; that the hare
got the best of it; that the Legislature
meets next wr-ek ; that there will be
two parties in the house ; that one will
oe only one-tnird strong; ttiat a well-
jG4 "Port St., Honolulu,
lawyer is likelv to be
President of the House; that the Su
preme Court will have a large audience
to-morrow; that the Marshal likes cigar
ettes ; that the way to men's hearts is
down their throats ; that all the per
formers did not get bouquets Saturday
night; that Signer Roselli likes poi and
pig; that there will be some loan news
this week; that Sam Weller's advice,
"beware of widders," is worth following.
King Tamasese is looked upon by the J follows
Your Majesty: I am commanded b the j
Government of Germany to inform you as
JOHN MAKINI KAPENA.
samoans as ot very little count; and, if
not bolstered up by the Germans, would
not lasf p.s King a week.
Breathes Hi Lait 011 Sunday
3Iorulae at Ptluela.
Much dissatisfaction is expressed in
British Protestant circles at what has
been described as the "unwisely weak"
policy of the British Government with
respect to the French occupation of the
A book agent who invaded the King
of King M'Wanga of Africa
captured by order of His Majesty and
quartered into seventeen pieces. The
ao nt was selling a fashion magazine,
and the King has 1,00 wives.
Titk New South Wales Government
are considering the expediency of intro
ducing, conjointly with fche other colo
nies, a measure to prevent Chinese im
migration. The South Melbourne peo
ple have decided that no Parliamentary
candidate shall have their support unless
he agrees to a 100 poll tax on Chinamen.
Municipal suffrage has just ben
granted by the British Parliament to the
women householders of Belfast. Women
householders have had municipal suf
frage in England for eighteen years, and
in Scotland for four years ; but this is
the first step that has been taken
towards extending the same right to the
women of Ireland. There are about
8,000 women householders in Belfast
who will be entitled under the new law.
1. That vour people attacked German
people on the evening of the day celebrat- j
ing the anniversary of the birthday of His j
Majest- the Emperor on the 22d day of j
March of the present 3Tear. This action j
has caused great offense and much distress j
of mind to the Emperor and to a" the !
German people. j
I now inform you to become on friendly j
terms with the Government of Germany in
this wise. You will be quick to punish the i
above offenders and do so at once. You j
will also pay the sum of 1,000 to those
who were wounded, and you are to make !
the most abject apology to Germany. j
2. From one year to another vear in the i
past your people have stolen animals and !
produce from plantations belonging to i
Germans, and have injured their lands.
For four years they have continued this
abuse of their lands to the extent of more
than 3,000 each year.
T now inform you that you are to pay
quickly for all this abuse by your people.
3. For many years' past your judges have
been unable by themselves to protect
Germans among you, and this is the rea
son your people have been abusing the
About half-pat 12 o'clock Sunday morn
ing the Hon. John Makini Kapena died
at his residence, PeleuIa,Nuuanu Avenue.
He had been ailing for some time past,
and as his health had not been in sound
condition for several years, his demise
was not unexpected.
The deceased was born October 1,
1843; therefore was 44 years and 21
days old at the time of his death. He
was the only son of Makini and Naawa,
the latter a high chiefess related to His
Majesty King Kalakaua. According to
Hawaiian custom, when John was a
baby he was adopted by Kapena, his
uncle, who brought him up. When
quite a child his father died. His mother
died about six years ago. The deceased
was first sent to the Royal School, and
afterwards to Oahu College. It was at
the latter institution, however, that he
progressed so rapidly. He was a bright
youth, and studied very hard. At the
time of his death he was considered a
Hawaiian scholar of marked ability. He
was a diligent student of Hawaiian
IS". S. SACHS, PEOPRIETOE
Tlie Leading: Millinery Bouse
'-.-14 l1 T
f. a t- i rr? : 1 s i
I now tell you that it is highly necessary j literature, and . understood the native
that the Government should be more severe
in their trials and judgments in order that !
they may be able to protect Germans in
A Sydney, N. 8. W., dispatch of Sep
tember 23th says that the Premier of
the Colony the previous day received
two proclamations which have been is
sued by the German Government in re
spect to the occupation by that Power
of certain territory in the Pacific. One
of the proclamations state that the Gov
ernment have taken possession and as
sumed sovereignty as protectors over
part of the islands lying north from the
line of demarcation agreed umn hv the
declaration between the German Gov- I marks upon hIs forehead anl his feat
is my opinion that there is nothing
or correct in Samoa in all the days
that you may have the rule, or wlr'e you
are at the bead of the Government.
I send you this letter the morning of the
present day. I shall be at Apega on the
morning of to-morrow, Wednesday, Aug
ust 2ith, at 11 o'clock a.m. I want to hear
from you your reply.
May you live.
Becker, German Consul
THE RIVAL KINGS OF SAMOA.
The following is from the Auckland,
N. J., "Star" of recent date: Malietoa
is a chief of the highest caste in Samoa.
The name signifies "great warrior," and
its present bearer is the descendant in
direct line from the ancient chief who
first obtained the high and honorable
title for his bravery in wars against the
Tongans. He is still a comparatively
young man, but "the cares of State"
have been many, and have left their
ernment and the Government of Great
Britain and Ireland, dated April 6, 1S36.
The German Government have also con
ferred a charter to deal with the natives
of these islands upon the New Guinea
Company, and the charter permits the
company to colonize and generally to ex
ercise the same rights as the company
now enjoys in respect to German New
mEeaB;e hoever, prohibited
from engaging labtor exportation ex
cept to the German Hettl-cnt at Sa
moa. The company arcr.also Prohibited
from buying land from te natives and
Bupplying them with armslammunition
arid spirits. The proclamations refer
only to the islands north of the Solomon
Islands, and have no beariif' uPn
Tlie Sew Constitution.
The P. C. Advertiser office
priDf.ed the new Constitution in pamt
nhlet form. It is inserted in the "HonoAJ
lulu Almanac and Directory," which
also contains the old Constitution, and
will be sold at the old price fifty cents
ures wear a habitual expression of anx
ious deliberation. He was recognized
as King of Samoa by England, Germany
and the United States, and so far as is
known, is still entitled to be looked upon
in that capacity. - His rival, Tamasese,
who has been proclaimed King by the
German Commodore, is not of such high
caste, though, like Malietoa, he was a
chief of standing and authority. By re
cent advices, the Germans had suc
ceeded in bringing forward a third
claimant to Samoan sovereignty, but his
claims appear to have been dropped.
These three "Kings," so-called, no
doubt represent the three districts into
which the island of Upolo used to be
divided, each having its chief with the
title of 'Tui." Malietoa was ruler of
tlie central part of the island, Tuama-
saga, in which the town and port of
Apia is located, and nearly the whole of
the European population being in his
territory caused him to be looked npon
ias of superior authority. In point of
faft however, his native following: ha 3
always been in the minority.
i;he result of foreign interference in
tongue perfectly. There were few Ha
waiians who were better acquainted
with the idioms of the language than J.
M. Kapena. He spoke the English
language a'so with ease and fluency. In
1S63 he was married to Miss Emma
Malo, who died I? it year. They had
one daughter born to them, Leihiu, in
1868, who survives them.
The body laid "1 state during Sunday
forenoon, and was visited by a large
number of his friends and acquaintances.
His Majesty the King and H. R. H.
Princess Liliuokalani were among the
In the afternoon the body was placed
ii a highly polished koa wood coffin, on
which were a large number of beautiful
floral tributes. At the head of the coffin
were his decorations that had been con- '
ferred on him by various monarchs. The j
deceased held various positions of trust j
during his lifetime and was quite popular !
throughout the entire group. !
After leaving school h first went as j
purser of the Kilauea Hou. Next we j
find him working on a rice plantation, j
and afterwards editing a Hawaiian news- j
paper. In 1373 he was appointed Cir- ;
cuit Judge of Oahu and also Colonel on j
the staff of His late Majesty Lunalilo.
In 1874 he was made a member of the
Privy Council, also of the House of
Nobles and Governor of the Island of
Maui. In 1876 he was Minister of Fi
nance, and two years later Minister of
Foreign Affairs. In September, 1SS0 he
was appointed on a committee to revise
the Civil Code. Previous to this he ac
companied His Majesty the King to the
United States at the time the Reciprocity
Treaty was obtained. On July 20, 1881,
he was appointed Postmaster General of
the Kingdom. A year later he went to
Japan as Special Envoy and Minister
Plenipotentiary, the present Marshal of
the Kingdom, Hon. J. L. Kanlukou, act
ing as Secretary. On his return he was
again appointed Minister of Finance,
and on August 14, 1SS3, a member "of
the Board of Education. At the latter
end of I8S0 he was sent as Special Com
missioner" to the Louisville Exposition.
On August 30, 1836, he was commis
sioned as Collector General of Custom a
. " 1 ' .... ;'--J v J Z-'r-M ... M L 1 1- A T
r-.ver varies. A marvel .of purity,
ptren'rrh. 3-"'l v hclosomeness?- llore economical
than tho err' ivirv kh. is,aiul cannot be sold in com-
lo vr-test, shcrf
yax. Powii Co.. 103 WaSy
T. COl,F.:I.tX3fc CO., Agents,
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. d ffW
Chas. J. Fishel
COR. FORT & HOTEL STS.
Win. G. Irwin & Co
OFFER FOR S.U.E
For two Weeks Only
Hal Barrel 1,
And 30-pound Boxes,
fn Half Barrets
15 -pound I'.oxhs,
will take place
In r.O-ponnd Box-a.
In Half Barrt-i
Bine Mottled Soap
All our remnants will De placed on the
Counter, and marked way down.
In Ladies Trimmed and Untrimmed
Hats, we are prepared to offer BIG
Remnants in all departments.
Come and see what we offer you next
Cases Corned Beef.
CHAS. J. FISHEL,
Leading Millinery House.
Cs Medium Bread.
FUEL and LCEBlCATraa.
JAS. F. MORGAN,
IY ORDER OF TFF. W.-. M. THERE WILL,
y be a called meeting of Hawaiian Lodge No.
21, F. and A. M., at Its hall THIS DAY at 2 o'clock
p. ra., for the purpose of attending the funeral
of our late brother John Makini Kapena. Mem
bers of Lodge Le Progres de l'Oceanie No. 124, F.
and A. M., and visiting brethren are respect
fully invited to attend.
H. F. POOR, Secretary.
Galvanized Iron Eooling,
SCHEWS and WASHERS.
R. JAS. F. MORGAN, LATELY A PARTNER
of the firm of E. P. ADAMS & CO., now
dissolved, -will from this day carry on the busi
ness of Auctioneer and Commission Merchant in
the premises lately occupied by E. P. Adams &
Co., No. 45 Queen street.
Honolulu, September 1, 1887. 809tf
Sugar Bags 22x30.
IIOLLISTER & CO.,
Druggists and Tobacconists,
WHOLESALE AX1) RETAIL.
59 Nauann street, and cor. Fort & Merchant Sts.
.Ana Twine. Whale Lln
SEEDS. 8 :'
B S ifH
a thoror.h knon-jede o. the natural Iaw
hicb govern the operations of digestion and nu
t.ition. and by a careful application of the fine
properties o well-selected cocoa. Mr. Epps has
provided oar breakfast tables wita a delicately
Savoured beverage -which may save us many
heavydoctor s bills. It i3 by the Judicious use of
such articles of diet tlrat a constitution may be
gradually built up until strong: enough, to resist
every tendency to disease. Hundreds of subtle
-maladies are floating around us ready to attack;
wherever there is a wealc point. We may escape
manv a fatal shaft by keeping' onrsetres well
fortified with pure blood and a properly nourished
frame." See article :n the Civil Service Gazette.
Made amply with boiling water or miljc.
Sold in Jilb. packets by grocers labelled thus
JAMES EPPS & CO.,
9Sa-n23 LONDON, EJULAXD.
COCKSFOOT, li YE GRASS, ENG
LISH REI CL0HE COW
ir Steam Pipe
is called to th
offer for sale : .
We have al
Grass and 1
small lots for
and execute t
X. J. BASS
OV T;7 ALL INTERESTjtd FN
-.e p T"re lands of the Islands
-v-- i jl.-.bla seed., which r
3 .-ui-. rrc haters.
Tn tr.-i .'jple lets of White
i: ; : - ". otty. Rib Grass,
.:. Italia Rye
,! TctAth te t S r la
i. d : !.-. receive ordera
' i: toa weight,
? ' itabl far
:j.xzm s ? satis u
WM. 6. ILTTlE & Co.,
O Afj.NTss. Hon.iiUlu
U. I. 18-tfwtf
I1 T IR
1. H. BB.O'1
- 4. ft
2 Ld terials.
Paints, Oil-, 'ilass, ri.-r. sK.a-. Tnrpen c.
Man.uf.v.r-r? or "Tc idia..., t-icv
14 and 16 Llh 5 ' r t n -r ? . tvt.
ST. PHILLIPS & Co.,
Imiiortern and Wholesale IeMleri In
CuiLa?, Bo;.-s, Shi es, Haia, Men's Furnish
n is; ar. l Fmcy Gcia. No. H Kaahuma-tu street
Honolulu, H. I. 25tf-wtX
Expressniaii & Draymauy
S4 KING STREET,
Te'. 3pboue No.
E. HACEFELD & CO.,
L Ci"? i
i;.iSa bi,f It . aw Li.,