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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 24, 1887.
THZ DAILY 'omereial Atetiser PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. SAMOA. Jlalietoa Farewell Letter ta tlie ConnlH-Tlie Kival liingT Inter esting rarts. -:o:- tebjii of srnscaiPTios, recognized outside of Opolu, and even ) in that island his party was styled j Per annnm ... 8ix months Per month..... S W 3 00 50c a5ar$aferiptfon Payable Always in Art vauee. Communications frnTi all part; of the Kingdom will always be very acceptable. Person remMIn? in any part of the United states can remit the amount of snbscription due by Post Office aiony order. Matter Intended fr publication in the editorial columns should be addressed to ' BTJTTOn PACTlTtC f 'ONfM KKCTAI. A DVKRT7SKS.' Bi)iios9 communications and a.ivertiHtnnts nou Id b addressed simply " P. C. ADvransKR, And not to indivldnals. Pacific Commercial Advertiser fs now for sal dulv at the b'l)wins PTaces . H. SOPER - "rercnant street A. M. HEWETT Merchant .street T. O. THRUM Fort street WM. STRAHLMANN Hawaiian Hotel Five Onf4 ppr rpy. MONDAY October 24th Small-pox is prevalent at Melbourne Haxlant, the oarsman, arrived at Syd ney in good health, He commenced training October :d for his race with Beach. The farewell letter written by Malietoa to the British and American Consuls, the night before hi3 surrender, was as follows : Apia. Samoa. September 16, 137. To W. H. Wilson, Esq., Britbh Pro-Conlul: I, Malietoa, King of Samoa, write this letter to you, as I am now in great dis tress. When the Chief, Taniasese, and others first commenced the present i rr.nKic.-a if mr wish rn rmnish them. ! body. and put an end to the rebellion they had raided. Acting, however, on the advice, and under the assurance, of the then Brit ish and American Consuls, I refrained from doing so. I was repeatedly told by the representatives of the British and American Governments that they would afford me and my Government every as sistance and protection if I abstained from doing anything that might cause war among the Samoan people. Reij-ing upon these promises, I did not put down the re bellion. Now I find that war has been made upon me by the Emperor of Ger many, and Tamasese has been proclaimed King of Samoa. The German torces and the adherents of Tamasese threaten to make war upon all Samoan people who do not acknowledge Tamasese as King. I am innocent of an- wrongful act, and hereby protest against the action of Germany; but, as the German nation is strong and I am weak. I yield to their power to prevent bloodshed and out of love to my people. 1 desire to remind 3011 of the promises so re peatedly made by our Government, and trust that you will so far redeem them as to cause the lives and liberties of my people to be respected. I wish to inform you that I fear the Germans will compel me, as they are now torcing my people, to sign papers acknowledging Tamasese as King; and if I sign such papers it will only be under compulsion and to avoid war being made on my people. (Signed) Malietoa, King of Samoa. The following is a copy of a letter from Consul Becker to Malietoa, which throws the fullest light on what has hap pened at Samoa : German Consulate Samoa was the creation of a "King"! which position he resigned May, 1S37. with supposed jurisdiction over all the j Since then he has been unable to do islands, but Malietoa's authority was not j anything. His decorations are as ioiiows : Knignt Companion of the Royal Order of Kame hameha I. ; Grand Officer of the Royal Order of the Crown of Hawaii ; Grand Officer of the Royal Order of Kalakaua; Grahd Cross of the Rising Sun, Japan; Grand Officer Royal Order Akoua of Servia; Grand Officer Crown of Prussia; Grand Cross Crown of Japan ; Red Cross of Belgium. The deceased was a member ot Ha waiian Lodge No. 21, F. and A. M. The funeral takes place this afternoon at 3 o'clock from St. Andrew's Cathedral, the Rev. Alexander Mackintosh having charge of the services. The remains will be interred in the Kawaiahao Ceine-terv. "rebels' by those who adhered to the ancient Samoan form of government j the federal rule of the chiefs as adminis- j tered by the two legislative bodies j called the Taimua and Faipule. The idea of a King is foreign to Samoan j ideas the natives being strictly repub- ; Iican in their views, and the titles of j chiefs not being hereditary, but being j bestowed by election of the governing j THIS SPACE IS RESEBVED Apia, August 23, 1337. To Malietoa, the King of Love of war has always distinguished j the Samoans, and now, although Chris- j tianity and education are all embracing, j the natives find it difficult to give up I their old practice. Some fifteen years ! ago, the adherents of young Malietoa, j being led to believe that his uncle also a Malietoa had formed a scheme to I usurp the functions of a chief, declared j i war; but young Malietoa, who has ever j been prone to place himself under the ! guidance of the missionaries, withdrew ! into privacy for a time. The war was j carried on for some years with varying j results the whole of the islands being j dragged into the strife; and the upshot I was the settlement effected by Sir Arthur Gordon, and the elevation of young Malietoa to the position of King, j As showing the esteem in which Malie- ! toa is held by the Samoans generally, it j is worthy of note that during the war j his person was held sacred and no at tempt was made to attack him or make him prisoner. Tamasese claims to be the real owner of the land at Mulinuu Point, where King Malietoa had established the seat of his government. A portion of this land had been acquired by an American named Coe, who sold it to the German Plantation Company, and the latter erected a flagstaff upon it, and hoisted the Imperial German flag. This flag was a continual annoyance to the Malie toa party, and had latterly been re moved by force the flag of Samoa under that of the United States being affixed in its stead. It J Said I hat the ram wiu do a great aeai or good; that Hon. J. A. Cummins has gone to the Coast to look after his .1 m ...mi new steamer: mat apt. inpp win bring her down ; that the churches were not well attended last evening; that the roads are in a muddy condition ; that there was a wedding on Saturday night; that a fight took place on Saturday be tween a hare and a rat ; that the hare got the best of it; that the Legislature meets next wr-ek ; that there will be two parties in the house ; that one will 1 ,ti. oe only one-tnird strong; ttiat a well- FOR THE Popular Millinery House, jG4 "Port St., Honolulu, known electee lawyer is likelv to be President of the House; that the Su preme Court will have a large audience to-morrow; that the Marshal likes cigar ettes ; that the way to men's hearts is down their throats ; that all the per formers did not get bouquets Saturday night; that Signer Roselli likes poi and pig; that there will be some loan news this week; that Sam Weller's advice, "beware of widders," is worth following. King Tamasese is looked upon by the J follows His Majesty Samoa : Your Majesty: I am commanded b the j Government of Germany to inform you as JOHN MAKINI KAPENA. V samoans as ot very little count; and, if not bolstered up by the Germans, would not lasf p.s King a week. 1 re Breathes Hi Lait 011 Sunday 3Iorulae at Ptluela. Much dissatisfaction is expressed in British Protestant circles at what has been described as the "unwisely weak" policy of the British Government with respect to the French occupation of the New Hebrideas. A book agent who invaded the King dom of King M'Wanga of Africa 3 was captured by order of His Majesty and quartered into seventeen pieces. The ao nt was selling a fashion magazine, and the King has 1,00 wives. Titk New South Wales Government are considering the expediency of intro ducing, conjointly with fche other colo nies, a measure to prevent Chinese im migration. The South Melbourne peo ple have decided that no Parliamentary candidate shall have their support unless he agrees to a 100 poll tax on Chinamen. Municipal suffrage has just ben granted by the British Parliament to the women householders of Belfast. Women householders have had municipal suf frage in England for eighteen years, and in Scotland for four years ; but this is the first step that has been taken towards extending the same right to the women of Ireland. There are about 8,000 women householders in Belfast who will be entitled under the new law. 1. That vour people attacked German people on the evening of the day celebrat- j ing the anniversary of the birthday of His j Majest- the Emperor on the 22d day of j March of the present 3Tear. This action j has caused great offense and much distress j of mind to the Emperor and to a" the ! German people. j I now inform you to become on friendly j terms with the Government of Germany in this wise. You will be quick to punish the i above offenders and do so at once. You j will also pay the sum of 1,000 to those who were wounded, and you are to make ! the most abject apology to Germany. j 2. From one year to another vear in the i past your people have stolen animals and ! produce from plantations belonging to i Germans, and have injured their lands. For four years they have continued this abuse of their lands to the extent of more than 3,000 each year. T now inform you that you are to pay quickly for all this abuse by your people. 3. For many years' past your judges have been unable by themselves to protect Germans among you, and this is the rea son your people have been abusing the Germans. About half-pat 12 o'clock Sunday morn ing the Hon. John Makini Kapena died at his residence, PeleuIa,Nuuanu Avenue. He had been ailing for some time past, and as his health had not been in sound condition for several years, his demise was not unexpected. The deceased was born October 1, 1843; therefore was 44 years and 21 days old at the time of his death. He was the only son of Makini and Naawa, the latter a high chiefess related to His Majesty King Kalakaua. According to Hawaiian custom, when John was a baby he was adopted by Kapena, his uncle, who brought him up. When quite a child his father died. His mother died about six years ago. The deceased was first sent to the Royal School, and afterwards to Oahu College. It was at the latter institution, however, that he progressed so rapidly. He was a bright youth, and studied very hard. At the time of his death he was considered a Hawaiian scholar of marked ability. He was a diligent student of Hawaiian IS". S. SACHS, PEOPRIETOE Ij Tlie Leading: Millinery Bouse -OF- '-.-14 l1 T f. a t- i rr? : 1 s i I now tell you that it is highly necessary j literature, and . understood the native that the Government should be more severe in their trials and judgments in order that ! they may be able to protect Germans in the future. It just GERMAN ANNEXATIONS CIFIC IN THE PA- A Sydney, N. 8. W., dispatch of Sep tember 23th says that the Premier of the Colony the previous day received two proclamations which have been is sued by the German Government in re spect to the occupation by that Power of certain territory in the Pacific. One of the proclamations state that the Gov ernment have taken possession and as sumed sovereignty as protectors over part of the islands lying north from the line of demarcation agreed umn hv the declaration between the German Gov- I marks upon hIs forehead anl his feat is my opinion that there is nothing or correct in Samoa in all the days that you may have the rule, or wlr'e you are at the bead of the Government. I send you this letter the morning of the present day. I shall be at Apega on the morning of to-morrow, Wednesday, Aug ust 2ith, at 11 o'clock a.m. I want to hear from you your reply. May you live. Becker, German Consul THE RIVAL KINGS OF SAMOA. The following is from the Auckland, N. J., "Star" of recent date: Malietoa is a chief of the highest caste in Samoa. The name signifies "great warrior," and its present bearer is the descendant in direct line from the ancient chief who first obtained the high and honorable title for his bravery in wars against the Tongans. He is still a comparatively young man, but "the cares of State" have been many, and have left their ernment and the Government of Great Britain and Ireland, dated April 6, 1S36. The German Government have also con ferred a charter to deal with the natives of these islands upon the New Guinea Company, and the charter permits the company to colonize and generally to ex ercise the same rights as the company now enjoys in respect to German New mEeaB;e hoever, prohibited from engaging labtor exportation ex cept to the German Hettl-cnt at Sa moa. The company arcr.also Prohibited from buying land from te natives and Bupplying them with armslammunition arid spirits. The proclamations refer only to the islands north of the Solomon Islands, and have no beariif' uPn Samoa. v 1, J o Tlie Sew Constitution. The P. C. Advertiser office priDf.ed the new Constitution in pamt nhlet form. It is inserted in the "HonoAJ lulu Almanac and Directory," which also contains the old Constitution, and will be sold at the old price fifty cents a copy. ures wear a habitual expression of anx ious deliberation. He was recognized as King of Samoa by England, Germany and the United States, and so far as is known, is still entitled to be looked upon in that capacity. - His rival, Tamasese, who has been proclaimed King by the German Commodore, is not of such high caste, though, like Malietoa, he was a chief of standing and authority. By re cent advices, the Germans had suc ceeded in bringing forward a third claimant to Samoan sovereignty, but his claims appear to have been dropped. These three "Kings," so-called, no doubt represent the three districts into which the island of Upolo used to be divided, each having its chief with the title of 'Tui." Malietoa was ruler of tlie central part of the island, Tuama- saga, in which the town and port of Apia is located, and nearly the whole of the European population being in his territory caused him to be looked npon ias of superior authority. In point of faft however, his native following: ha 3 always been in the minority. i;he result of foreign interference in tongue perfectly. There were few Ha waiians who were better acquainted with the idioms of the language than J. M. Kapena. He spoke the English language a'so with ease and fluency. In 1S63 he was married to Miss Emma Malo, who died I? it year. They had one daughter born to them, Leihiu, in 1868, who survives them. The body laid "1 state during Sunday forenoon, and was visited by a large number of his friends and acquaintances. His Majesty the King and H. R. H. Princess Liliuokalani were among the callers. In the afternoon the body was placed ii a highly polished koa wood coffin, on which were a large number of beautiful floral tributes. At the head of the coffin were his decorations that had been con- ' ferred on him by various monarchs. The j deceased held various positions of trust j during his lifetime and was quite popular ! throughout the entire group. ! After leaving school h first went as j purser of the Kilauea Hou. Next we j find him working on a rice plantation, j and afterwards editing a Hawaiian news- j paper. In 1373 he was appointed Cir- ; cuit Judge of Oahu and also Colonel on j the staff of His late Majesty Lunalilo. In 1874 he was made a member of the Privy Council, also of the House of Nobles and Governor of the Island of Maui. In 1876 he was Minister of Fi nance, and two years later Minister of Foreign Affairs. In September, 1SS0 he was appointed on a committee to revise the Civil Code. Previous to this he ac companied His Majesty the King to the United States at the time the Reciprocity Treaty was obtained. On July 20, 1881, he was appointed Postmaster General of the Kingdom. A year later he went to Japan as Special Envoy and Minister Plenipotentiary, the present Marshal of the Kingdom, Hon. J. L. Kanlukou, act ing as Secretary. On his return he was again appointed Minister of Finance, and on August 14, 1SS3, a member "of the Board of Education. At the latter end of I8S0 he was sent as Special Com missioner" to the Louisville Exposition. On August 30, 1836, he was commis sioned as Collector General of Custom a . " 1 ' .... ;'--J v J Z-'r-M ... M L 1 1- A T mi Absolutely Pure. Tlu-apowfitiri r-.ver varies. A marvel .of purity, ptren'rrh. 3-"'l v hclosomeness?- llore economical than tho err' ivirv kh. is,aiul cannot be sold in com- petitio- lo vr-test, shcrf SL V. yax. Powii Co.. 103 WaSy T. COl,F.:I.tX3fc CO., Agents, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. d ffW Chas. J. Fishel COR. FORT & HOTEL STS. Win. G. Irwin & Co OFFER FOR S.U.E For two Weeks Only DRY GRANULATED In Barrels, Hal Barrel 1, And 30-pound Boxes, fn Half Barrets 15 -pound I'.oxhs, CUBE Our Semi-Annual Eemnant Sale will take place NEXT MONDAY POWDERED And In r.O-ponnd Box-a. GOLDEN C. COFFEE In Half Barrt-i TEAS Bine Mottled Soap All our remnants will De placed on the Counter, and marked way down. In Ladies Trimmed and Untrimmed Hats, we are prepared to offer BIG BARGAINS. Remnants in all departments. Come and see what we offer you next MONDAY. Cases Corned Beef. CHAS. J. FISHEL, Leading Millinery House. FLOUR Cs Medium Bread. OIL FUEL and LCEBlCATraa. JAS. F. MORGAN, Auctioneer FUNERAL NOTICE. IY ORDER OF TFF. W.-. M. THERE WILL, y be a called meeting of Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, F. and A. M., at Its hall THIS DAY at 2 o'clock p. ra., for the purpose of attending the funeral of our late brother John Makini Kapena. Mem bers of Lodge Le Progres de l'Oceanie No. 124, F. and A. M., and visiting brethren are respect fully invited to attend. H. F. POOR, Secretary. AND- LIME CEMENT Commission Merchant. Galvanized Iron Eooling, RIDGING SCHEWS and WASHERS. M R. JAS. F. MORGAN, LATELY A PARTNER of the firm of E. P. ADAMS & CO., now dissolved, -will from this day carry on the busi ness of Auctioneer and Commission Merchant in the premises lately occupied by E. P. Adams & Co., No. 45 Queen street. Honolulu, September 1, 1887. 809tf Sugar Bags 22x30. COEDAGE. IIOLLISTER & CO., Druggists and Tobacconists, WHOLESALE AX1) RETAIL. 59 Nauann street, and cor. Fort & Merchant Sts. 83 wtf .Ana Twine. Whale Lln GRASS SEEDS. 8 :' GRATEFUL COMFORTING. B S ifH BREAKFAST. a thoror.h knon-jede o. the natural Iaw hicb govern the operations of digestion and nu t.ition. and by a careful application of the fine properties o well-selected cocoa. Mr. Epps has provided oar breakfast tables wita a delicately Savoured beverage -which may save us many heavydoctor s bills. It i3 by the Judicious use of such articles of diet tlrat a constitution may be gradually built up until strong: enough, to resist every tendency to disease. Hundreds of subtle -maladies are floating around us ready to attack; wherever there is a wealc point. We may escape manv a fatal shaft by keeping' onrsetres well fortified with pure blood and a properly nourished frame." See article :n the Civil Service Gazette. Made amply with boiling water or miljc. Sold in Jilb. packets by grocers labelled thus JAMES EPPS & CO., HOMOEOPATHIC CHEMISTS. 9Sa-n23 LONDON, EJULAXD. COCKSFOOT, li YE GRASS, ENG LISH REI CL0HE COW GRASS. . T'l ir Steam Pipe Ur Covering. The atte: Improvin is called to th offer for sale : . We have al Clover, Engl Crested Dog' Grass and 1 small lots for for quantitiej and execute t C5.17-junel3t. X. J. BASS OV T;7 ALL INTERESTjtd FN -.e p T"re lands of the Islands -v-- i jl.-.bla seed., which r 3 .-ui-. rrc haters. Tn tr.-i .'jple lets of White i: ; : - ". otty. Rib Grass, .:. Italia Rye ,! TctAth te t S r la i. d : !.-. receive ordera ' i: toa weight, GRASS ji - IILL TIIIBEllS. ? ' itabl far -tnif parties tf :j.xzm s ? satis u WM. 6. ILTTlE & Co., 'OUtAXt FACTOR O Afj.NTss. Hon.iiUlu and Comznimloa U. I. 18-tfwtf I1 T IR Importers of -A.rtists? - 1. H. BB.O'1 - 4. ft CO. ...'"V 2 Ld terials. Paints, Oil-, 'ilass, ri.-r. sK.a-. Tnrpen c. Man.uf.v.r-r? or "Tc idia..., t-icv 14 and 16 Llh 5 ' r t n -r ? . tvt. ST. PHILLIPS & Co., Imiiortern and Wholesale IeMleri In CuiLa?, Bo;.-s, Shi es, Haia, Men's Furnish n is; ar. l Fmcy Gcia. No. H Kaahuma-tu street Honolulu, H. I. 25tf-wtX BURGESS Hawaii n Mariii Subscrlptic open at tnai nf- o. Expressniaii & Draymauy S4 KING STREET, Te'. 3pboue No. 70ijel6tf HONOLULU Residence, 153. i. im E. HACEFELD & CO., L Ci"? i , i;.iSa bi,f It . aw Li.,