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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 24, 1887.
IN A LUCIFER-MATCH FACTORY. The Dreadfully Disfiguring Disease Which Attacks tlie Employes. It certainly is unfortunate that an in vention which has been so valuable to the household and, indeed, in all casea where a ready light is desirable, should bring into the world with it so much dis ease. The makers of lucifer matches, large numbers of whom reside in Vienna, were some years ago attacked with a most singular disease the rotting away of the jaw-bone. Together with this ugly and most disfiguring complaint there were always constitutional symp toms present which denoted the presence of poison in the blood. After a careful inquiry the cause of of these singular at tacks was traced to the phosphorus em nloved in makinsr the matches. How it could attack the bone was at first a puzzle to the physicians, but it was at length discovered that the poisonous fumes gained admission to the bone by means of decayed teeth. Some of the German governments endeavored to meet the difficulty by ex amining the mouths of all persons em ployed in lucifer match factories, and dismissing from employment any artisan who had unsound teeth. This, to a certain extent, met the case; but inas much as it is impossible to give every workman a clean bill of health with respect to his morals the remedy, or rather the preventive, was not thorough. Some twenty years ago the disease also appeared in New Haven, and a medical expert was instructed to investigate the matter. After making a careful inquiry he discovered, out of fifty-nine patients, fifteen died, and the others were greatly disfigured by the destruction ot the upper or lower jaw; in some cases both. It is impossible to picture a more dis figuring disease, or one which leads to greater discomfort, inasmuch as in many cases the speech is destroyed and also the process of mastication. The only effectual method of obliter ating the disease is to get rid of the phos phorus, or of so altering its character as to deprive its fumes of their deadly vir ulence. The common spirting match is the greatest offender in this particular inasmuch as it contains the most phos phorus. Those matches made of amor phous phosphorus, or phosphorus baked for a certain period of time, are believed to be harmless. Many attempts have Deen made to produce matches from this substance in connection with chlorate of potash, and at last with success. The combination, however, only takes place in the act of striking the light, the ut most danger existing in any attempt to combine them permanently together, The safety match is made principally of chlorate of potash, mixed with black oxide of manganese, red lead, sulphuret of antimony and glue, while the amor phous phosphorus is placed upon the box instead of the ordinary sand-paper, and the contact of the two materials produces the light. It is unfortunate that a light "can only be produced with the box, as working men do not care to be troubled by carry ing one about. Until this difficulty is got over, this excellent invention, calculated to get rid of a most distressing disease, will only le used in the household, the rVfrr-rxr mnfrli iYint: will strilrp ricrn.insfc any rough surface possessing advantages over it which the rough and thoughtless will demand. It is quite clear, however, that for all domestic purposes, the old match ought to be given up. Brooklyn Eagle. Several ltemedies fur Stuttering. Stuttering is one of the most distress ing of vocal defects, and it is a little singular that many parents think it a misfortune that is not susceptible of cor rection. It is not necessary to confine the stutterer in a cave for years and compel him to place pebbles in his mouth after the manner of Demosthenes. Syllabic accentuation, preserving the continuity of sound while beating time, is a simpler method, and has proved successful in the case of Dr. Hammond and others. Another method is to take long breath, and then to close the teeth and speak between the closed teeth, allowing the air to pass out slowly. It is said that two weeks' practice of this experiment will effect an improvement. It will not be necessary afterward to keep the teeth closed all the time when speaking, but a long inspiration should always be taken, the air being expelled slowly. Courier-J ournal. Musical Publishers and Amateurs. Music publishers, equally with book publishers, have large dealings with am ateurs, that is to say, with people who have written songs as a diversion, and are determined to have them published at all hazards. And music publishers tell some very funny stories about such experiences. One funny story they do not tell either with frequency or gusto. In several cases amateurs who have pub blished songs on their own account have stumbled upon successes, and, of course, have pocketed all the profits. Tliis con tingency is now provided against by pub lishers requiring that the amateur song writer 6hall buy a sufficient number of his songs at the retail price to cover the cost of publication. Thereafter the pub lisher pays the amateur a royalty on every copy sold, just as though he were a professional. New York Mail and Express. Experiment on a Frog's Muscles. If we place a drop of acid on the skin of the lumbar region of a decapitated frog, we immediately see the foot on the corresponding side lifted to scratch it and rub the spot irritated by the acid. Is we repeat the experiment after hav ing amputated the foot, the application of the acid puts the frog into an evident state of agitation. It makes fruitless ef forts -with.. the stump, hesitates, stops, seems to reflect and ends by employing the other foot to wipe off the acid. Journal of Mental Science. What a Naturalist lias Noticed. Scorpions, spiders and various insects have been observed to lie motionless if '. t-i ii x 1 a persons uiows upon mem in a vertical direction. - M A Parisian Millionaire's Bed. A Parisian millionaire, M. Lang, has recently had made for him a wonderful bed, which is certainly one of the most luxurious pieces of furniture we have yet heard- of. If only it could become universal, what a boon it would be to early risers! The description makes one envy the unfortunate possessor. The bed itself is a model of comfort; and the following devices have been adopted to render rising from it as little unpleasant as possible. When it is time to get up, a chime of bells rings. The occupant con tinues to sleep. Suddenly a candle is lit by a clever me chanical arrangement. The sleeper rubs his eyes, and an invisible hand proceeds to divest him of his nightcap. By means of electricity a spirit-lamp with coffee roasting apparatus affixed next begins to burn. The water soon boils, and the smell of coffee soon fills the room with delicious fragrance. Luxuriously revel ing in a crowd of agreeable sensations, the occupant, now just beginning to awake, is soothed by sounds procceeding from a costly musical box. At length the bells ring out another merry peal, and at the foot of the bed a card with "Levez vous" ("Get up") inscribed on it appears. If this invention is without effect a powerful mechanism lifts the occupant bodily from his bed and deposits liim on the floor. Chicago Tribune. A Valuble Industry in Feathers. Quite a valuable industry is now car ried on in France in the utilization of the various kinds of feathers formerly treated as wortliless, especially those of wild fowl and other bird killed as game. The plan pursued consists of trimming these, particularly the larger ones off the stump, which may be thrown away, the plumes being then made use of in the manfacture of a feather cloth or blanket which possesses the essential quality of being exceedingly light and at the same time very warm. The plumes which are separated from the stalk are placed in a bag, closed tightly, and then subjected to rubbing between the hands, as in washing clothes. In a few minutes the fibers are by tliis means separated from each other, and form a perfectly homogeneous and very light down, applicable by simple opera tion to the production of quite a variety of coverings and other household ob jects at a reasonable cost. Chicago Her ald. An Artist's Terms Too High. The art class in Portland sketch with charcoal from casts and living models. They are not sufficiently advanced to do anything with the nude yet. They pick up men and boys with strong or peculiar faces and women and girls of striking 'types. They drape them in such costumes as fancy may dictate or they may sketch the heads, only. "Do your models like to stand all the afternoon and be stared at?" I asked the young lady drawing the legs of the Dis cobolus. "O yes! for 50 cents," she dryly re plied, looking up for a moment. She added: "I made a proposition to a funny looking Irishman to come in and be drawn on those terms the other day. 'It's too dear, mum,' said he. 'I kin get me tintype tuk for less money.' " Lewis ton (Me.) Journal. The Peculiarities of the Flounder. The flounder or flat-fish, when first hatched, has eyes placed like those of other fish. Soon one eye begins to move down nearer the mouth and over to the other side of the head, until finally both eyes are on the same side, usually the right. The flounder lies on its side, partly to escape its enemies, which it does by burying itself in the sand, and partly because it has no air-bladder and its fins are imperfectly developed. De troit Free Press. The Weather Vanes on Churches. The weather vanes on some churches are in the form of a cock, emblematic of the scriptural cock which crew twice be fore the denial of our Lord by the Apos the Peter. The placing of such vanes was by a papal enactment of the ninth cen tury. They are found but rarely in America, new and artistic designs orna menting the steeples of almost all mod ern churches. In France they are es pecially numerous. Detroit Free Press. And Mind the Little Things. Springs are little things, but they are sources of largfe streams; a helm is a little thing, but it governs the course of apship; a bridle is a little thing, but we know its use and power; nails and pegs are little things, but they hold the parts 0,f a large building together; a word, a look, a smile, a frown, are little things, but powerful for good or evil. Think of tliis, and mind the little things. North Carolina Mirror. Domestic Were-AVolves In Afghanistan. Afghanistan shepherds keep dogs that make their pasture-grounds unapproach able to strangers. They are perfect beasts of prey, ready to tear a man on the slightest provocation, but charging wolves and leopards with the same reck less courage. Game is so plentiful in the uplands that the rangers have no difficulty in providing food for a dozen of such trained vere-w9lves. Cor. Chi cago Times. Safe Distribution of Natural Gas. A patent for the safe distribution of natural gas throughout the various mains has been granted to a Pittsburger. It covers the process of mixing air with gas in such proportions that, while the danger of explosion is taken away, all the heating qualities still remain. The patent is expected to revolutionize the use of natural gas. Chicago Tribune. The Three Tests of Ship Anchors. Ship anchors are carefully tested be fore admitted to use on English vessels. Two of the three tests of the ductibility, contraction of area, elongation and bending must be satisfactory, or the an chor will be rejected. There are few if any original sayings. Wliat we imagine so are often but an improvement upon ancient phrases not always that. Jud Lafagan in Chicago Ledger. NEW GOODS! B. F. EHLEES & CO. 99 Fort Street, Have just opened a new consignment of 1ST JEW" and SEASONABLE GOODS. S7"Inspection Invited.zJ If you want a fine CIGAR, try some arrived at HOLLISTEB & 109 Fort 73 H. E. jVlcIntyre cfe 13 ro., IMPORTERS AND DEALKKS IN Groceries Provisions arid Feed. EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. New Uools received by every packet from the Eastern Statps and Knmn 4Voeh r'aiifnmib Produce by every steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered to anv part of the city free of charge. Island orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Postoffice Box No. 143 Telephone No. 92 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN. 1886. BUILDER. 75 and 77 Kino- Street, Bell Telephone No. 275. WISE & SPIRIT MERCHANT X . X Sole Agent of the Hawaiian Islands for JOS. SCHLITZ' MILWAUKEE BEER. J. S3tielantX Jgrcujinn (Ko., SAN FRANCISCO. NATIONAL BREWING SAN FRANCISCO. T X S. LACHMAN & CO.'S CALIFORNIA WINES. A. FENKHAUSEN ,& CO., WHISKIES, &c.f S. F. Delmonico and Veuve Cliquot Champagnes. ; W. C. PEACOCK & CO. Wholesale Wine and Spirit Merchants, 23 XI7ITASU STREET, HONOLVLV, II. I. Have just received ex CERASTES, HERCULES and other late arrivals direct from Europe, Gr. H. Mumm's "Extra Dry" Champagne. do do "Dry In Pints MELCHER'S ELEPHANT" GrIN In large clear crystal bottles, 5 gallons per case. OASES J. D. K. & Z. GIN Each 20 bottles, 4 i-5 gallons. J. J. Pellisson's 10-year-old Brandy And a full assortment of the most favorite brands of ALES, WINES AND LIQU0KS u P. O. BOX 502. LEWIS & CO., Ill Fort Street. ImMrters and Dealers in Staple and. Fancy Griocexies. PEESH GOODS By every steamer from California, and always on hand,-a full and complete line of Pro visions, Etc. Etc. 61 Satisfaction guaranteed. Telephone No. 240. P. O. Box No. 29f. NEW GOODS! 8 of Stralton & Storm's, which have just C0.S, Street CO ap!7 - Honolulu 65 Mutual TIoshoiio No. 65. CAMPBELL'S FIRE-PROOF BLOCK, Merchant Street, Honolulu. KEEPS THE Finest and Best Asserted Stock IN THE MARKET. Respectfully solicits patron age and guarantees com plete satisfaction to all. CO., Yerzenay" Champagne. and Quarts. Xv xv x VV Which are offered for sale at lowest rates. 734auglltf TELEPHONES No. 46. :o:- PACIFKJ HAKDWAKE CO, L'd, ;::-eIB0M0NGERS:e::e 1ST ti',iiSMi.iUutinili;M;;;ii:;vy'!;'M:-;iiiu J t i t mgnt "ii M. W. McCHESNEY & SONS, 12 and U Queen St.. HONOLULU. Importers and Wholesale Grocers. A FULL STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES, COFFEES, TEAS AISTD SPICES. Plantation Stores, Salmon, Beef, Pork, Flour, Beans, Bread, etc. Fresh arrivals by every steamer and sailing vessel. Special inducements oflered to Portuguese Traders, in a variety of Fresh Goods especially suited to their wants. HIGHEST CASH PRICK PAID FfR Dry and Green Hides and Goat Skins LARGEST ASSORTED STOCK OF GROCERIES ON THE ISLANP. HAY and. G-RAIN . 42 ami 44 Queen J" O T-I N .1 Stores, Ranges and Plumbing, Tin, Copper t a I0W EBADY. 1887. Fourth Year of Publication. 1887; THE HbjSrOljXJLTJ ALMANAC AND DIRECTOEY ! For the Year of Our Lord 18875 Containing an Astronomical, Civil & FOR THE Official and Business TOGETHER WITH Full Statistical and General lntormjj RfXATXNG TO THE HAW'N ISILNDS, ' Great pains and expense Lave been gone to by the Publil ra to make this Almanac and Directory the most useful and con) rehen siye work of the kind ever published in the Hawaiian King iom. It will be found invaluable to men of business, travelers and tourists, and is guaranteed a wide circulation at Home and in Foreign Coun tries. Its Court and Official Calendar carefu 11 v corrected to the Meat rroment. Articles of special value to the Islands have Deen prepared by ex pert writers, which are well calculated to beget great , interest in their condition and prospect abroad. Send in yonr orders for copies early. 35 W G O ODS Just Received. CONCORD LAMP ATTACHMENT A Kerosene Oil Stove Which can be used on a common lamp-burner. NEW LAMP GOODS At verjr low prices. m - Latest Improved Burners. A fine line of GLASS W A R 15 Entirely new to this market. HXCall and examine our novelties. 43 Clay Street, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. LINE OF Street, Honolulu. G3-my22-ly 1ST O T T m hi f Housekeeping Gooils. and Sheet Iron Work (V Ecclesiastic! Calend' r YEAH AN. Directory of Honol nl a