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PRICE 5 CENTS.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 25, L887. VOL. VI. NO. 252. THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser 1H PUBLISHED Every Morning Except Kundays. SUBSCRIPTIONS : Daily P. C. Advkrtiskr, one year f 6 00 Daily P. C. Advkrtiskr, six months 3 00 Daily P. C. Advkrtiskr, three months. 1 50 Daily P. C. Advkrtiskr, per month 50 Wkekly P. C. Advertiskb, one year.. 5 00 F eign Subscription. VV. P. C. A. (including postage) - 6 50 Payable Invariably in Advance CHARACTERISTICS OF CRIMINALS. Natural Peculiarities of European Mur derers and Thieves. Recently in France considerable at tention has been paid to an examination of the criminal class with reference to its physical and associated characteris tics. M. Lacassague has drawn atten tion to the frequency of tattooing among criminals and the violent nature of the scenes depicted by them in this volun tary mutilation. The same writer has pointed out that criminals, as a class, are tall. Thus in 800 subjects exam ined by him 623 were taller by six centi meters than the average, and some ex ceeded the normal height by ten and twenty centimeters. These observations were corroborated by M. Ferri, in Italy. In 1882 Dr. Manouvrier remarked that among criminals, notoriously with murderers, the jaw is more developed than is usual; and thct while the cranio mandibular index normally varies be tween 12.8 and 13, among the convicts it attains the remarkable number of 14.7. MM. Hager and Dallemagne, in a comparative study of the skulls of assas sins and ordinary persons, have con firmed the statement that the forward projection of the skull is greater among the former. They have also shown that criminals have a larger facial index and a smaller vertical index than the peace able citizens, but no difference is observed in the cephalic index. M. Hager has affirmed the larger capacity of the criminal skull over that of the usual type, the relative propor tions being as 1,538 is to 1,490. This, however, has been contradicted by a number of observers who claim the re verse, but it is sugg-9-sted that it may be explained by supposing that the former examined the crania of murderers only, while in the latter studies those of all classes were included, among which the incendiaries are said to have small heads. Mr. Flesch has said that affections of the heart exist among criminals to the ex tent of 20 per cent. ; the persistence of BotaVs orifice, 10 per cent.; contra diction of the vascular system, 5.5 per cent. But his researches upon cerebral lesions are much more important. He has demonstrated a certain atav ism in the cerebral convulsions, already indicated by Benedikt, as, for instance, the medium lobe of the brain being shaped as among the mammals, the sep aration of the eulcarian tissue of Sylvius, and the formation of an operculum of the occipital lobe. Histology has also detected certain anomalies in the brains of those criminals whose autoosy has been made. Thus Spika has found the pigmentation of the nucleum of the tenth, seventh, and fifth pairs in a mur derer's brain; also Golgi and Marchi have detected the pigmentation oT the . nervous cells in the brain of a convict. . M. Manohas examined the hands of riminals. and he has discovered among idividuals convicted for murder, among aose guilty of inflicting wounds, a great yreponderance of large and short hands; Vnile with thieves the frequency of long d narrow hands is less considerable. );he. question of tattooing he finds ftthe larger numl)er of tattooed per : to among the assassins and assail- Iti1115 toor with M. Mano, ; Itudied criminality among infants! I mfined980 infants, and espe- A .?m the houses of refuge, -y found that the criminal type could recognized at tw " , . tic-j assy- 1 ,lb,ad tendencies, in the pro ton of 7.4 per cent. The loss of a use was recoorni7oH in m fcrw J twenty-nine infants they S?iH ? dlsaPPearance of the jwal tendencies p;uliy through ron- fence of their surroundings md latSrity Penod' Appear tte typical criminal physiognomy has uermanv m the proportion of 36 per cent., among thieves to that f i 1 conTi01, and wntPfln? T' anam Persons ix cd fA J? ?am7 to the extent of 6 fnnr mouS iPmales this men and t JELV. )Vith binary was found fnnrf s iyPe was only New York TdegTam. " QUb"Ul- g SStaS o convenient photograph o4ialPcaS'hoBe who visit in iny before ?V1$y the camera dence t S, the evi- ble mioM gamed- beinS mcontroverti- 3ltoenisf meats. ROYAL INSURANCE COMP'Y OF LIVERPOOL. CAPITAL, $10,000,000 UNLIMITED LIABILITY. IMre IiiKiirnnce oi all description 1 will be effected at Moderate Kates of Prena una. by the undersigned. WM. O. IRWIN A CO 20-dfewtf Managers for llaw. Islands J XT 3ST X O IC Fire and Marine Insurance Co. Of New Zealaud. CAPITAL., : 1 0,000,000 Having- Established an Agency at Honolulu, for the Hawaiian Islands, the un dersigned are prepared to accept risks against Fire In dwellings, stores warehouses and merchandise! on favorable terms. Marine risks on cargO freights, bottomry, profits and commissions. Losses promptly adjusted fc payable 19-dwtf WM. G. IRWIN & CO. The Risdon Iron & Locomotive Works, Corner of Beal and Howard Streets, SAN FRANCISCO CALIFORNIA W. H. TAYLOR President R. S. MOORE Superintendent BUILDERS OF STEAM MACHINERY, IN ALL its branches; Steamboat, Steamship, Land Engines and Boilers, High Pressure or Com pound. STEAM VESSELS of all kinds built complete with hulls of wood, iron or composite. ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad visable. 1 STEAM LAUNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs con structed with reference, to the trade in which they are to be employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water guaranteed. SUGAR MILLS and Sugar Making Machinery made after the most approved plans. Also, all Boiler Iron Work connected therewith. WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any size, made in suitable lengths for connecting together,or Sheets Rolled,Punched and Packed for shipment, ready to be riveted on the grout d. HYDRAULIC RIVETING, Boiler Work and Water Pipes made by this establishment, riv eted by hydraulic riveting machinery, that quality of work being far superior to hand Work. SHIP WORK, Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made fter the most appioved plans. SOLE AGENTS and manufacturers for the Pa cific Coast of the Heme Safety Boiler. PUMPS Direct Acting Pumps for irrigation or city works' purposes, built with the celebrated Davy Valve Motion, superior to any other pump. J. N. S. WILLIAMS Honolulu Room No. 3, upstairs, Spreckels' Block, 551marl2d&wtf Agent for Hawaiian Islands. EAVER 8AL0QQ. SO. 1 FORT STREET. Opposite WUder & Coa . F. Molt 0 , Propr. OPKN FttU 3 A. U. TUX 10 F. M FIRST-CLASS LUNCHES, COFFEE, TEA, SODA WATER, GINGER ALE, Cigars and Tobaccos OF BEST BRANDS Plain and Fancy IIIES personally selected from the Manufacturers, and a Large Variety of BKST QUALITY SMOKERS' ARTICJ-ES. Lovers o BILLIARDS will find an Klegant 8RUH5WIGS & CO, BILLIARD TABLE on the Premises. The Pioprietor would be pleased to receive a call from his Friends and the Public generally who may desire a LUNCH. A SMOKE, OR A GAME OF BILXIARDS. H. J. NOLTE. 34-tf Geo. C. Slireve & Co., MANUFACTURING JEWELERS1 And Importers of i Diamonds, Watches, Silver and Silver Plated Ware, Decocated China, Art Brass Good., xans, 1 Canes, Umbrellas, Berlin and Vienna Leather I rinnAa nurd (llaoapa f"l.-irVa Vtr. Slontjromery ?id Natter tit.. SAN FRANCISCO. H.ijs-fi'38 OEDING'S BAGGAGE EXPRESS SI. S. SANDERS, PROP., Deliver Baggage and Freight of Every Descrip tion with Promptness and Dispatch. Office, 81 King- Street. Both Tele phones, 86. Residence, 118 Nunaan Street. Bell Telephone for Residence, 3. 7CC-Jun 15tf Clans Sprevfcets Wui, O. Irwia. CLAUS SPRECKELS & CO., HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN IKLANHS Draw Kxchauge on the principal parts of the world. Will receive deposits on open account, make c llections and conduct a general banking and exchange business. Deposits bearing Interest received In their Sav In?s Department subject to published rules aud regulations. i7oc3tf WILDER'S STEAMSHIP CO., EimiteI;. STEAMER KINAU, (Liorenzou, commander). Leaves Honolulu as per following schedule ouchiug at Lahaimi, Maiiiaea, Makena, Mahu kona KawaihaeL.uuauoehoe.llilo and Keauncu: Comuiencing on MONDAY, July 26, 13S6, aud on every alternate Monday at 4 p. m.,the Kinitu wUl make the VOLCANO TxiIP, reaching Keau iro,inaci(iv nwirnine.u'hfTH horses aud carriages are in waiting to convey passengers to the VOLCANO HOUSK (live miles in the saddle and nine miles by carriage;. Passengers by this route will have two days and two niyhts at the VOLCANO HOUSK. TICKETS FOR T1IK li.OVJS.tJ i ti.ii- iu inji VOLCANO, FIFTY DOLLARS, WHICH PAYS ALL CHARGES. The Kinau will arrive in Honolulu Sunday mnminOL "7 II f T flUH. Oil HilO trlDS. W 11 leave Honolulu on Tuesdays, and return Saturday morning. PASSENGER TRAINS will connect with the Kinau 4t Mahukoua The Kinau WILL TOUCH at Honokuia and Paauhau on down trips from H Ho for Passengers if a signal is made from the shore. STEAMER LIKELIKE. (Davis, Commanner), Leaves Honolulu every Monday at p. m tor Kannakakai, t, Kahului, Huelo. Uana aud KIpanulu. every week: Keanae, Mokulau and Nuu every other week. Returning, will stop at the above ports, arriving back Saturday mornings. For mails and passengers only. STEAMER K1LAUEA HOU, (Cameron, commander), Will leave regularly ior Lahaina, Paauhau, Ko holalele, Knkalau and Ookala. STEAMER LEHUA, (Clark, Commander) "Will leave regularly for Hakalau, Houomu and Onomea. STEAMER MOKOLII, McGregor, Commander), Leaves for the following ports every alternate Monday at 5 p. m.: Commencing May 16th To Kaunakakai, Ka malo, Pukoo, Lahaina, Olowalu. Returning to Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunakakai. Arriving at Honolulu Saturday a. m. Commencing May 9th To Kaunakakai, Lanal, Kamalo, Pukoo, Halawa, Wailau, Pelekunn, Kalaupapa. Returning to Pukoo, Lahaina. Olo walu,, Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunakakai. Arriving at Honolulu Saturday a. m. gg-Tbe Company will not be responsible ior any freight or packages anlss receipted for, nor for personal baggage unle s plainly marked. Mot responsible for monej or .ewelry unless placed in harge of the Purser. All possible care wi.i b' taken of Live Stock, but the Company will not .st .me any risk of accident SAM'L G WILDER, President. S. B. RO: 2, Secretary. OFFICE Corner Fort and Queen streets. 65-1 y Mar 30 S. P. TAYLOR & CO., Paper Manufacturers, AND DEALERS IN Paper Rags, Twines. Etc., 414 and 416 Clay street, SAN FRANCISCO Pioneer and San tteronimo Paper Mills. South Coast Paper Mill, Soqnel, Santa Cruz County, Cal. 441 ja25 '83 J. IVANCOVICH & CO Importers, "Wholesale Dealers and Commission Merchant in Tore inn Domestic Fruit, 500 Washington, and 601, 603 & 605 Sansome Sts , SAN FRANCISCO. This Is the oldest established house in this line of business n San Francisco, and we are prepared to fill orders of all kinds in our line. SPECIALTY in PACKING all kinds of FRUIT for long distance markets. ToDr'PatroiiRge is Solicited 545 marlfi83 .duertisemcnts. 9 WM. McCANDLESS, No. i Queen Street, Fi-ih Murket. Dealer lu choloest BEKF, VHAL MCTTO . FIWIT, etc-. tvmiiv nii .Mhinnii.p- nrs,M carefully attended to Live Stock furnished to vessels at short uoiiCe. and vegetables of all kinds supplied to TAdU :,IJY FACTORY, Wnlltiku. Maui, COMMENCED OPERATIONS ON THURSDAY, May '20th, and are now prepared to supply TAHO FLOUR in any quantities. ..mrnn.i imnrnvftd machinery and other apparatus, the present Manager guarantees to supply tavO riuur iudt win . of Poi than ever produced. t, sent to W. U. CUMMINS, Manaeer. at the Factory, Wailuku, Maui ; or to W. U. 1K1N & UU., Aguis,iiuuuii. 657iaay27tfdw WENNE-tt & CO. 92 Fort Street. Have on hand New Poreftrn and Homemade Jewelry. Watches, Bracelets, Necklets, Tins, Lockets, Clocks, And ornaments of all kinds. Silver and Gold Plate, Elctraut Solid SJlver Tea Sets. Suitable for Presentation. ,.iiWK'n AND - NATIVE JEWELRY Jii4 vrv .i.v. A Specialty. Kepniriuw: i 1- ts branches. ft- sole Agents for King's Eye Preservers 46-mar9-lv6 . - j ...hi rionloi. in verv kind of Wholesale ana rvenw. V i.i ami Iriel Flab. , . , . ,,..ot Rifu.i17 MerehantM. Remove-, to Jgob" sjtojSi-ss IMPORTKUS k DKALKKS In HAY AND GRAIN, Telephone No. 175. 36 If TELEPHONE 55 WTERPBIS P PLANING- MILL. Alakea, near Qaeeu . 33-tf To th-e Public. The Pacific Transfer Co., Office with the Union Feed Co. Bell Telephone 17C. MntuM Telephone. 1 am fully prepared to do all kinds of dra,yag e , haulln or moving work, all of wnich I wUl guai antee to execute faithfully. 36 iy S- F- ORA HAM rPrletor- T. HE SOPEFv5 Successor to J. M. Oat, Jr., & Co., STATIONERS & NEWS DEALERS, Hawaiian GazeAte Block. 27 Merchant St., Honolulu. H. I. 41 tf ITCH SALE T E HAVE A LARGE QUANTITY OF OLD newspapers on hand, which will be sold foe 25 cents a hundred. They are useful for wrapping parcels, laying under carpets, etc. P. C. ADVERTISFtt. MACFAELAKE & CO-, Yf7IIOLr.SAIJB DEAMUS ANlr EN f eral Jobbers In WINES and LIQUOR No i2 fiaahumana Street. HONOLULU. I 1 Advertisements. A1TOUN EYS-AT'LAW. CECIL BROWN, ATTORNEY AT LAW AINU J Notary Public, Campbell's Block, Merchant street. T76augytf M. THOMPSON, ATTORN K Y -AT-L A W , Office in Campbell's Block, corner Fort and . i , i Tl II I aiercuam sireeis, huuuiuiu, n. i. PRACTICES IN THE COURTS. .ap'a'huTi BiirBi' will oh-p iliK law in a writ ten opinion, as to' the probable result of the contention upon the facts stated -Hf J.M. TflONSARRAT. ATTORNEY AT LAW AN li NOTARY PUBLIC. Ieal Us tat e In any part of tlie Hlur- lk 1 Dmilrhf fill: I ,PASP(i Oil ( 'OIll HI i5WH)lJ mj livuu uwm - Loans Negotiated and Legal Documents Drawn No. 27 JIEKCHANT STliKUT, Gazette Block, Honolulu. -tf IROK-BAEls: Foundation Timbers ! ! We have just received f-om "Australia a few Iron- bark foundation Limners. SIZES 16x24 inches 12 Feet I,oii. And 14xlS inches, 16 Feet In4T rwaoo 4miAa a a their name signifies, are r,an.w aa cnWA o nil Hnrtihlw as iron, and for UQ1 1J CO r foundation purposes, or others of like nature, cannot oe surpasseu. W. G. Irwin & Co. 311nov25tf FQllmporter ani Manufacturer 0 Of all Descriptions of BOOTS & SHOES Orders from the other Islands solicited. No. 114 Fort St.. Honoluln. 60 d&wtf ITT-THDADATTTAAT Meat Company, 81 UIN STBEKT, G. J. WALLER, MANAGER. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL BUTC AND Navy Contractors. A. 0. Cook & Son, OAK TASKED LEATHER BELTING, Iace leather and ' Header Drapers, No. 415 Market street, San Francisco. 442 Jan 25 '88 LEEGE & MILLS, E 51 I' I It 13 Steam, Coffee and Spice Mills. Importers of Teas, Coffees, Spices. Chartres Java Coffee, Yeast Powder, Cream Tar tar, Soda. Salaeratus. Ground Coffee, For eign and Domestic Matches. 410-412 Clay St. bet. Sansome & Battery 8AN FBAKCISCO, CAL. p. O. Bex 1523. 55myi3'S3 HERS 8. t. STaNLKT, iOBLH SPBrANCI Spriiiiiice, Stanley & Co., luiporters aud Jobbers of Fine WHISKIES, WINES and LIQUORS 410 Front St.. San Francisco. 2 tf v H. . BERTELMANN, Contractor :nd Builder. ESTIMATES FURNISHED ON WOOD, BRICK OR STONE. PURISTS D!R A WJ"NT Cabinet and Carpenter Work done to order. 86 KING STREET. Bell Telephone 107 711jelCtf THE INTER-ISLAND STEAM NAV IGATION COMPANY, (I.imite!), CeeD constantly on hand, for sale, STEAM llMILY and BLACKSMITH COAL, and a genera i assortment of BAR IRON. bJt) ly Schweitzer & Co. TmDorters and Jobbers of FISTOY GOQ33S, HOSIERY. GLOVES. CORSETS, Wliite Jood, EiubroitlerieH, llantlker- cliiels.ace,iiwww" lii lure its' UnUerwear. 29 and 31 Battery St., San Francisco 480 ieuiu on E. H. Buclmam & Co. Manufacturers and ueaiers in SHIP STOVES, Tin. Conner, Crockery and filieet Iron i ares, nuii ah-.b - Signal oil. 22 Stewart St., bet. Market and Mission, HAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Shin and Job Work and fctove Repairing of all kinds a specialty. 487 feblW PQ TO PLANTERS. We have on band a onsignment of Automatic Trash Foedin Furnaces, or,, Ave foot furnaces, complete wl'b erat. bars, bearers and trash carriers. Macbti.. of this make are now iu suttewiui .v -Spiet kelsville, Makee Sugar Company and otu. r plauiatious. Also, a consignment of Filter Presses, Having all the latest Improvements. PLANTERS AND OTHERS Interested are requested to call and examine tb above. For prices and further particulars up ply to Win. G. Irwin & Co., 2-ttf Aicent, BONE MEAL !! - The undersigned are now prepared to re ceive order for Ibis Celebrated Fertilizer from the manufactory of Buck & Oblandv San Francisco: The following is a report of the compo nent parts, as obtained by Chemical anal)- sis - Water..... 8.10 per cent Organic Matter '. 29.18 " " Silicious Matter 4.65 " Lime 81.70 " " Phosphoric Acid 23.11 Oxide of Iron 85 Carbonic Acid 1.89 . " : Alka Salts 52 " 100.00 Nitrogen 2.7 per cent. Order 8 Received will have Prompt, and Careful Attention. W. G. Irwin & Co., Aeenta or the Hawaiian Island. 21tf "E Mayhew, I CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER, HQ Hotel Street, ilouolulu, II I., (Opposite Fashion Htables). P. O. BOX 315. BF.LL TELEPMONK 3 All work in mv line faithtully done. Plans an specifications tnt lc. Jobbing in all details dou at short notice. iod worlt and low charges I. my motto. S8-dec5-n5 MONTHLY PAYMENTS. All accounts for Advertising and Job Printl- at the Pacific Commercial Advertiser Office will from this date b presentsd tor u-ent monthly. lipnolalu.llJU'ih Z,tUih.