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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 26, 1887.
TH HEALING ART IN TURKEY. BaftlneBs Done Only on a Cash Basis Street y uack Barbers Ign orance. The other day in Galata a man fell in some sort of a fit on the street. A great crowd gathered, shutting out the air, but some saperstition kept them all from lending any aid. The accident happened within a few doors of a doctor's office, and the doctor stood on the steps, look ing on in an interested way, but making no movement toward going to the suf ferer's assistance, though urged strenu ously to do so by the bystanders. He was a Greek, and I had met him on one of the little coast steamers that ply on the Black sea. He was little and dirty and black, and his specialty was "herbs." He smiled when he saw me, and made a place for me on the steps. "You do not seem anxious to take the case," I said, with a glance toward the corner. He shrugged his shoulders and smiled again. "What is the use?" he said sim ply; "the man has no money, and his friends make no gifts." "But . do you take no cases until ihc fee is advanced?" I asked. He replied with the counter question, "In your country do men work for nothing?" In the meantime the man died and his friends carried him away. Now, this little Greek doctor was no more hard-hearted than others of his profession along the Mediterranean. The healing art in Turkey is done on a strictly cash basis, that is all. There is no senti mentality that makes a Turkish doctor get up in the night to go out and alle viate the sufferings of a sick pauper where he knows the patient to be such. It is cash down or no cure. This, of course, is only with the poorer class of patients. With responsible parties a diametrically opposite course is pursued. ' No fee is demanded from them, and it would be considered very bad manners in a doctor to bring them in a bill. The payment- comes from them to a physician in the form of a gift, as if his service had been wholly voluntary and the return a con sideration of esteem. Still, it is com monly paid on the spot, and is, as a rule, fully as much as the doctor would have dared to charge. The number of regular physicians in Constantinople is strictly limited, and many of them are foreigners. Every doctor has his own territory, into which professional etiquette allows no other physician to intrude. Each one makes a daily round through his territory, beat ing up patients in the coffee-houses and the streets. And woe to the well-to-do man found ailing on the route. He is taken in hand unceremoniously and sub jected to an examination that seldom fails to end in some sort of treatment or other. Besi.tes the regulars, there ar an innuniLT tble number of specialists and quacks who cut in on prices and peddle all sorts of nostrums. They recognize no limitation as to terri tory and take practice wherever they can find it. I have seen the same vender practicing and crying his wares in Stam boul, Galata and Scutari. All the common cases of blood-letting and headache go to the barbers, who also pull teeth, and all classes- indiscrim inately patronize the dervishes and shrines. It is only in cases of fever and colds and other standard troubles that the regular physician is called in at all. Perhaps after "all it is as v 11 'that this is so, for the regular physician in Turkey is expected to exhibit a preternatural sagacity that would certainly fail him if the range over which it is exercised were wide. When he is called to see a sick person he is not allowed to diagnose the case as a western physician would deem necessary. He is supposed to know as soon as he sets eyes on a pa tient what the matter is with him, and any hesitation would be deemed a con fession of ignorance. A little Irish doctor told me with wrath in his breath of a case which he had attended, where from looking at the patient he seemed to have a fever and be suffering great pain. The usual reme dies failing to give relief, a closer ex amination showed that the sick man was chary of moving'his left leg. This, be ing uncovered, proved to be broken and mangled and horribly swollen. The" doctor's indignant question, why they had ' not told him this at first, elicited the contemptuous answer that they had supposed he knew his business, and thought of course he had been treat ing the patient for the trouble from the first. And before he could throw up the case 'and gracefully retire, they dis charged him for incompetency. Con stantinopV LeUer Veins of Gold and Silver. Geologists are far from agreed as to whether metallic voins are filled from above, by slow deposition from solutions, or from below, by volcanic action, which forces metallic ores, either melted or dis solved in water or gas, into the available crevices and leaves them there to so lidify. . The fact that the interior substance of the earth is far. heavier than the solid crust and must apparently consist al most entirely of melted metal, gives some support to the latter theory, but many, other circumstances oppose it, and as sea water is found to contain all the metals in small quantities, the theory that most metallic veins have originated in some way from the separation of the metals from water is perhaps the most popular. Of late, however, a new theory has been put forward, which seems to combine the. plausible features of the other two. American Architect. The Expensive Flour Barrel. Flour barrels are a source' of great ex pense to the people of this country. Say theTe are 50,000,000 of barrels of flour consumed in this country each year, and say that there are 12,000,000 of people who buy it by the barrel, there might Ije saved - to the people of this country 400,000, saying, that 20 cents per banel is saved by purchasing flour in sacks. Really it may be little more than this, especially so in the muslin sacks, thfc muslin being valuable for further use. There is more floilr than this sold in bar rels, but in the larger cities the bakers sell the barrels for 20 and 25 cents apeice, which represents a loss of from 10 to 20 cents a l.arrel. The Millstone. - ' . , - in- I English physicians are of opinion that the use of dynamite tends to produce fijpopisxy. The Prenent Government of Algiers. The governor and his council manage the financial and other affairs of the country with little interference from the French assembly, though their acts can be reversed at any time by the home government. The administration of these branches includes the regulation of agriculture and popular education, which are managed with a good degree of thoroughness. The territorial depart ments are administered by prefects, hav ing the same powers as in France, who have under them sub-prefects and all the necessary civil officers. The courts and tribunals are organized as in France. All the details of public work are at tended to by the civil authorities, but the soldiers, conspicuous , by, their brilliant red uniform, whom one sees constantly not only in the streets of Algiers, but on the railroads and in every country town, show that under the velvet glove is ever the band of steel. . It is a fact that an American, who can travel 'from one end otLhis country to the other without even catching a glimpse of , a military uniform, finds hard to appreciate. The soldiers whom he meets everywhere, not alone in Egypt or Algiers, but in every European city, the officers in gay uniforms who fill the public- places, the parades and re views that are of such frequent occur rence in the fields of maneuver, prove to him that, in spite of all the protestations of neace. all the ' exeat nations of the world are only keepiiig'afmed truce that may be broken at any, moment. San Francisco Chronicle. rr Absinthe Drinking in France. The appetite for absinthe is spreading , everywhere in France with dangerous rapidity, but with greater . force and virulence in the colonies and in the army. The habit was deemed of such importance by Gen, De Courcy, who has lately ' assumed command in Anam and Tonquin, that he has forbidden the sale of it within the limits of his com mand. It appears to be the only stimu lant that satisfies the appetite.- Cafes abound in Algiers and in all the other towns of the country, as in France, and as the weather is warm in-doors at this season the sidewalks are covered with tables and chairs. Thus the favorite tipple of every one is patent to the public. I have passed these cafes many a day, and never saw them when a glass of ab sinthe was not sitting on table before half of the patrons, and sometimes in those frequented by sailors, soldiers and the working classes, before nearly all. It is a concentrated stimulant, and, like the crumpets described by a character in Dickens as being remarkably cheap and extremely "fillin'," the most satisfying at the price. To the soldier poorly nour ished it satisfies the craving for food. The poor man who drinks it dines, as in sleep he forgets the pangs of hunger. Cor. San Francisco Chronicle. Engraving on Glass. The hard point for inscribing and en graving rare stones is doubtless older than the lathe, and was certainly used in engraving glass during classical and mediaeval times. The Flemish, Dutch, and Germans, within the last three cen turies, used it with great success, as tes tified by examples of their work still re maining. Diamond or other hard stone points or steel points similar to those used by some glass carvers of the present may be employed in engraving glass and handled in the same way as ordin ary gravers for metal or wood. The glass should be coated with a mixture of gum and milk, on which, when dry, a pattern may be drawn or transferred previous to engraving. Very fine line and hatching and stipple effects can be produced by this method. Some of the specimens in the Slade collection of the British museum are ex quisitely done. The great drawback to such engraving, when delicately finished, is that it cannot be well seen unless it is held close to the eye and in a good light. Art Journal. Houses in the National Capital. It is easy to obtain a home in Wash ington, because most of the real estate agents will take a small cash payment and arrange the remainder of the debt at a low rate of interest in some cases as low as 5 per cent. Certain lot holders have a very great advantage. Scat tered throughout Washington there is a very large number of little plots of ground which belong to the public reservations. These bits of parking are given rent free to the lot-owners, who build up close to them. They have the practical use of them for nothing. They can fence them in, ornament them as they please, and enjoy everything about them except , building on them. In many instanees these little public strips are the only yards that certain house-owners have. New York World. Unstable Friendships. Practically, we are all human, and humanity is not philosophical. With by far the vast majority of mankind a just and discriminate estimate of our fellow men is wholly out of the question. With the mass of people friendship to exist at all, must be stimulated by more or less idealizing of the friend. The day when the average man realizes that his chosen companion is not to some extent an ex ceptional being marks the beginning .of the decay of his affection. Boston Courier. Chinese Engineering Triumph. The Chinese have just completed an immense bridge over sea arm of the Chinese sea at Lugang. It was con structed entirely by Chinese engineers, and is five miles long, entirely of stone, has 300 arches, each seventy feet high, and a roadway. It is the greatest struct ure of the kind in the world. Chicago News. ? Oatmeal for the Brain. ' Recent analysis shows that the fatty substance of the brain is not, as was supposed, composed of glycerine, but of palmatin, an element of which oatmeal contains a large percentage, and which is therefore a better cerebral nutriment than wheat meal. Chicago Times. The Difference. A man 'may lose things out 'of his -pocket, but he never loses the pocket. A woman loses her handbag more often than she loses anything out of it. Chi cago Inter Ocean. NEW GOODS ! NEW GOODS ! B. EHLEES Pr HA 99 Fort Street, Have just oiened a new consignment of TSTE3W and SEASONABLE GOODS. fgInspection In vited.17 PACIFIC HAEDWABE CO., L'd, -r-IIWNMONGEBS OIGhiVRS t If you want a fine CIGAR, try some of fctraiton & Storm's, which have jus arrived at HOLLISTEE & C0.S, 109 Fort Street 73 EL E. Mel ri tyre & Bro., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Groceriesj Provisions and Feed EAST CORNER FORT AND KINO STREETS New Oood8 received by every paciiet from the Eastern States and Europe, fresh Callfornin Produce by every sreamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered to any part of thf city free of charge. Inland orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Postofllce Box No. 143 Telephone No. S2 60 ap!7 1876. GEO W.. LINCOLN. 1886 BUILDER. 75 and 77 Kin? Street, - Honolulu III1 TelcpIioiMt No. 273. 65 Jtfutlial TVlPftllou No. 65. WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT CAMPBELL'S FIRE-PROOF BLOCK, Merchant Street, Honolulu. Sole Agent of th Hawaiian Islands for JOS. SCHLITZ MILWAUKEE BEEB. KEEPS THE Finest anil Best Assorted Stock IN THE MARKET. X. 4XP X "V. X -ar I ."V. VA- XX t r.-n i: a ' ivesutjciiuiiy suiicns patron age and guarantees com plete satisfaction to all. SAN FRANCISCO. NATIONAL, BREWING CO., SAN FRANCISCO. S. LACHHAN & CO.'S CALIFOENIA WINES. A. FENKHAUSEN & CO., WHISKIES, &c, S. P. Delmonico and Veuve Cliquot Champagnes. W.C. PEACOCK &C0. Wholesale Wine and Spirit Merchants, 23 NUUA3ilT STREET, IIOXOl.UX.17, II. I. Have just received ex CERASTES, HERCULES and other late arrivals direct from Europe, Gr. H. Mumm's "Extra Dry" Champagne, do do "Dry ' Terzenay" Champagne. In Pints and Quarts. MELCHEirS "ELEPHANT" GIN In large clear crystal bottles, 5 gallons per case. CASES J. D. K. & Z. GIN Each 20 bottles. 4 4-5 gallons, v , J. J. Pellisson's 10-year-old Brandy And a full assortment of the moat favorite brands of ALES, WINES AND LIQUOKS, P. O. BOX 502. Which are offered for sale at lowest rates. 784auglltf TELEPHONES No. 46. -LEWIS & CO, 111 Fort Street. Importers aiiti IeiUers in Staple and: Fancy Gr2?oce2?ies. 9 :o:- FRESH GOODS By every steamer from California, and always on hand, a full and complete line of Provisions, ...Etc. Etc. Satisfaction guaranteed. Telephone No. 240. P. O. Box No. 29?. 3ST.35"W GOODS Just Received. CONCORD LAMP ATTACHMENT A Kerosene Oil Stove Which can be used on a common lamp-burner NEW LAMP GOODS At very low prices. Latest Improved Burners. A fine line of G-LASSWA RE Entirely new to this market. pC?"Call and examine our novelties. M. W. McGHESHEY & SOKS, 42 and 44 Queen St.. HONOLULU. 43 Clay Street, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Importers and Wholesale Grocers. A FULL LINE OF STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES, COFFEES, TEAS AJSTD SPICES. Plantation Stores, Salmon, Beef, Pork, Flour. Beans, Bread, etc. Fresh arrivals by every steamer and sailing vessel. Special inducements offered to Portuguese Traders, in a variety of Fresh Goods especially, suited to their wants. HIGHEST CASH PRICF. PAID FOR Dry and Green Hides and Goat Skins LARGEST ASSORTED STOCK OF GROCERIES ON THE ISLAND. and. GRAIN t2 aixl 44 Queen Street, Honolulu. 63-my 22-17 JO HN :TST O TT vj ti.;,i F -,.- -vft5 .tf-vjM' v,,:v ', j4yt'iMv''' fair. Igpgij?.; 40mM$:A ;. $fyyi-:.p- Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping GvOds. Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron TVork err EEADT. NOW 1887. Fourth Year of Publication. . 17J THEHONOLULU ALMANAC AND DIEECTORY ! For the Year of Our Lord 1887, Containing an Astronomical, Civil & Ecclesiastic'l Calend'r FOR THE YEAR AN Official and Business Directory of Honolulu TOGETHER WITH Full Statistical and General Information RELATING TO THE HAW'I ISLANDS, Great pains and expense have been gone to by the Publishers to make this Almanac and Difbctost the mst useful and comprehen sive work of the kind ever published in the Hawaiian Kingdom. It will be found invaluable to men of business, travelers and' tourists, and is guaranteed a wide circulation at Home and in Foreign Coun tries. . Ite Court and Official Calendar carefully-corrected to the latest rr omenta Article of special value to the Islands have oeen prepared by ex pert writers, which are well calculated to beget great interest in their condition an i prospect abroad. - '.: I Send in your orders for copies early.