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I rlif iW i i 11 a b S I B 8 Ci I if ml Jill 11 I H I if I PRICE 5 CENTS, VOL. VI. NO. 25G. HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, SATURDAY , OCTOBER 29, 1887. rtu r THE DAILY fit Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED r Horning Except Sundays. SUBSCRIPTIONS : u i advkrtisek, one year ....is ou f Y P. C. Advektiser, six months 3 00 y p A"' WUlor,n, mice muu buo.. ...... v P C." Advertiskk, per month 50 w-t v P C Advertiser, one year- 5 00 iT,, subscription. W. P. C. A. (including twstage) Payable Invariably in Advance INDIANS OF MIXED BLOOD. lite Men Acquiring Indian Rights by Marrying the lied Women. Milwaukee Sentinel. Aji intelligent Indian recently, in re tting the marriage of an Indian octo- ii to a white man, said: it thispro- -1 1 1 iU ss goes on we will soon uavo mo Whitest race of Indians you ever did le." The accomplished daughter of the id missionary, Dr. Kobertson, married full-blooded Creek. Her sister has so nmd monev at the east to establish a ' e miliary among the full-bloods, and it 1 . A "I Xl ias been a question wnere ine seuiiuary ould be located to meet the object .imed at. Parties stepping from the rain at Vinita, within the Cherokee na ion. the only railroad erossing in the Indian territory, commonly ask, "Where ire th9 Indians. " On being told that hose thev see about them are Indians, they reply, "No. They are not Indians. These are white men." Bv marrying an Indian maiden the white man secures all the rights of In dian citizenship. The "headright" of the girl helps that "matrimonial contract. To hunters for land, those looking for wide ranges for cattle or agriculture, the temptation is very strong to take this short cut to get an extent of soil they could never hope to secure in any other way. The encouragement given to the whites on the part of marriageable In dian females is quite observable. They think that by marrying white men they gain socially and have a prospect of an easier and better-cared-for life. And they think rightly. In all depressed civilizations, women have a hard time of it. The Indian men do "not like this constant raiding through their land and capturing the most attractive of their race, whom they would woo and wed, but they cannot help themselves, and retaliate by stealing the affections of white girls and marrying them. White girls entering an Indian reserva tion are very soon picked up; not so often by full-blooded Indians, but after the process of intermarriage has com menced, not so seldom by half-breeds, quadroons and octoroons. White persons who marry into Indian blood almost invariably remain on In dian soil. The white man, in defence of Indian ideas of communal interests and Indian questions as related to the whites, becomes more intensely an In dian than the Indians tkemselves. I think the iiercest defenders of the tribal system are white men who by marriage have become Indian citizens and are making money out of it. The large crops on Indian lands are invariably raised by white men Four-fifth of the mechanics are white men, brothers-in-law to the Indians o on both sides the process of dilution of Indian blood goes on until it becomes very thin, while Indian habits and Indian characteris tics still remain. The common notion among Indians is that Indian blood never runs out, and that wherever the slightest trace of it can be found, there the fullest rights of land and privilege follow. Icelanders in the' United States tPhilaie'phia Times.! There are about 6,000 Icelanders in this country, most of whom are in Dakota and Montana. They are strictly moral people, some of them being very devout in their religious life. Recently they held a church convention at Men-' tana, in Dakota, and formed a constitu tion lor a synod. They had a lively discussion as to whether the women should or should not vote in the church meetings. The old custom in Iceland giyes women as much right as men in this respect; but there are some con servatives among the Icelanders, who thought that American customs might make it unpopular for women to take a hand in the services and the management of the churches. The vote was very decisive, being about three to one in favor of the women. Present in dications are that the whole population of Iceland will eventually be shipped to this country, and that the Icelanders "Will make very reputable citizens. Draughts of Fresh Water. Dio Lewis.! Yon need considerable water in the sys;tem to run the machine. This may be taken on rising and on going to bed. If within a mile or two of a spring make a visit in the early morning, and take one cr more . draughts of fresh water charged with electrieity from the earth. To toil water js to lessen its physiological value. There is some thing magical in the influence of water fresh from a spring, drank on rising in the morning. Cold water morning and night is so stimulating to - the alimen tary canal that it relieves constipation. IHtottixBtmnts. ROYAL INSURANCE CVMP'Y OF LIVERPOOL. CAPITAL - fclO.OOO.OOO UNLIMITED LIABILITY. 171 Ire IuHiirauce oi all description . wUl be effected at Moderate Kates of Prem am, by the undersigned. WM. G. IRWIN & CO 20-dfewtf Managers for llaw. Islands XT 3M X O 2 Fire and Marine Insurance Co. Of New Zealand. CAPITAL., : 10,000,000 Having Established an Agency Honolulu, for the Hawaiian Islands, the un dersigned are prepared to accept risks against Fire In dwellings, stores warehouses and merchandise on favorable terms. Marine risks on cargOj freights, bottomry, profits and commissions. Ixsses promptly adjusted & payable 19-dwtf WM. G. IRWIN fc CO. Tlie Risdon Iron & Locomotive Works, Corner of Beal and Howard Streets, SAN FRANCISCO CALIFORNIA W. H. TAYLOR President R. S. MOORE Superintendent BUILDERS OF STEAM MACHINERY, IN ALL Its branches; Steamboat, Steamship, Land Engines and Boilers, High Pressure or Com pound. STEAM VESSELS of all kinds built complete with hulls of wood, iron or composite. ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad visable. STEAM LAUNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs con structed with reference to the trade in which they are to be employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water guaranteed. SUGAR MILLS and Sugar Making Machinery made after the most approved plans. Also, all Boiler Iron Work connected therewith. WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any size, made in suitable lengths for connecting together.or Sheets Rolled.Punched and Packed for shipment, ready to be riveted on the ground. HYDRAULIC RIVETING, Boiler Work and Water Pipes made by this establishment, riv eted by hydraulic riveting machinery, that quality of work being far superior to hand ,Work. SHIP WORK, Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made fter the most approved plans. SOLE AGENTS and manufacturers for the Pa cific Coast of the Heme Safety Boiler. PUMPS Direct Acting Pumps for irrigation or city works' purposes, built with the celebrated Davy Valve Motion, superior to any other pump. J. N. S. WILLIAMS Honolulu Room No. 3, upstairs, Spreckels' Block, 551marl2d&wtf Agent for Hawaiian Islands. AVER8AL0 NO. 1 FORT STREET. (Opposite Wilder & Co.'si . J. Molt e , Propr OPKN rOU 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M FIRST-CLASS LUNCHES, COFFEE, TEA, SODA WATER, GIAGER ALE, Cigars and Tobaccos OF BEST BRANDS Plain and Fancy IIlESpersonany selected from the Manufacturers, and a Large Variety Of BKST QUALITY SMOKERS' ARTICLES. Lovers o BILLIARDS will find an Elegant 3MNSWICS 5 CO, BILLIARD TABLS on the Premises. The li oprie tor would be pleased to receive a call from his Friends and the Public generaUy who may desire a LUNCH, A SMOKE, OB A GAME OF BlLLIABaS. H. J. NOLTR 34-tf , Geo. C. Slireve & Co., MANUFACTURING JEWELEES And Importers or Diamonds, Watches, Silver and Silver Plated Ware, Decorated China, Art Brass Goods, Fans, Canes, Umbrellas, Berlin and Vienna Leather Goods, Opera Glasses, Clocks, Etc. Montgomery and Gutter Sis.. SAN FRANCISCO. 443.25 '38 OEDING'S BAGGAGE EXPRESS jr. SANDERS, PROP., Deliver Baggage and Freight of Every Descrip tion with Promptness and Dispatch. Odce, 81 Kins- Street. Both Tele- pboneN, 86. Residence, 118 Nnuaau Street. Bell Telephone for Kesidftnce, 3. 7C5-junel5tf &vtttlstmtn$. Claue Spreckels Wm. G. Irwin. CLAUS SPRECKELS & CO., BANKERS. HONOLULU- HAWAIIAN ISLANDS i Draw Exchange on the principal parte of the world. Will receive deposits on open account, make collections and conduct a general banking and exchange business. Deposits bearing interest received in their Sav logs Department subject to published rules and regulations. !7oc3tf WILDER'S STEAMSHIP CO Limited. STEAMER KINAU, (Liorenzon, commander). Leaves Honolulu as per following schedule ouching at Lahaina, Maaiaea, Makena, Mahu kona KawaihaeLaupahoehoe. Hilo and Keaubou: Commencing on MONDAY, July 26, 1886, and on every alternate Monday at 4 p. m., the Kinau will make the VOLCANO TKIP, reaching Keau hou on Wednesday morning, where horses and carriages are in waiting to convey passengers to the VOLCANO HOUSE (five miles in the saddle and nine miles by carriage). Passengers by this route will nave two days and two nights at the VOLCANO HOUSE. TICKETS FOR THE ROUND TRIP TO THE VOLCANO, FIFTY DOLLARS, WHICH PAYS ALL CHARGES. The Klnau will arrive -In Honolulu Sunday mornings on Volcano rrips. On Hilo trips, wU leave Honolulu on Tuesdays, and return Saturday morning. PASSENGER TRAINS will connect with the Kinau at Mahukona The Kinau WILL TOUCH at Honokala and Paauhau on down trips from Hilo for Passengers tf a signal is made from the shore. STEAMER LIKELIKE. (Davis, Commander), Leaves Honolulu every Monday at p. m tor Kaunakakai. Kahuiui, Iluelo. Hana and KInanulu, every week; Keanae, Mokulau and Nun every other week. Returning, will stop at the above ports, arriving back Saturday mornings. For mails and passengers only. STEAMER KILAUEA HOD, (Cameron, Commander), Will leave regularly tor Lahaina, Paauhau, Ko holalele, Kukaiau and Ookr-la. STEAMELEHUA, (Clark, Commander) Will leave regularly for Hakalau, Honomu and Onomea. STEAMER MOKOLI1, i McGregor, Commander), Leaves for the following ports every alternate Monday at 5 p. m.: Commencing May lGth To Kaunakakai, Ka malo, Pukoo, Lahaina, Olowalu. Returning to Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunakakai. Arriving at Honolulu Saturday a. m. Commencing May 9th To Kaunakakai, Lanai, Kamalo, Pukoo, Halawa, Wailau, Pelekunu, Kalaupapa. Returning to Pukoo, Lahaina, Olo walu. Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunakakai. Arriving at Honolulu Saturday a. m. tar The Company will not be responsible ior any freight or packages unless receipted for, nor for personal baggage unless plainly marked. Not responsible for moi-y r jewelry unless placed in harge of the Purs; : All possible care --il' ne taken of Live Stock, buj the Company will not i.ssume any risk of accident SAM'L G. WILDER, President. S. B. ROSE, Secretary. OFFTCF Corner Fort and Queen streets. 55-ly Mar 30 S. P. TAYLOR & CO., Paper Manufacturers 5 AND DEALERS IN Paper Bag, Twines, Etc., 414 and 416 Clay street, SAN FRANCISCO Pioneer and Sen tareronimo Paper Mills. South Coast Paper Mill, Soquel, Santa Cruz County, Cal. 441ja25S8 J. IVANCOVICH & CO. Importers, Wholesale Dealers and Commission Merchant in ITorei;ii&; Domestic Fruit, 500 Washington, and f.fl, 603 & 605 Ransome Sts., SAN FRANCISCO. This Is the oldest established house In this line of business in San Francisco, and we are prepared to fill orders of all kinds in our line. SPECIALTY in PACKING all kinds of FRUIT for long distance markets. . Your Patronage is Solicited" S4mrlO'8S rtwriisements. WM. McCANDLESS. No. 6 Qneen Street, Fish Market. Dealer in choicest BEEF, VEAL MUTTON , FISH, etc. Family and shipping Orders carefully attended to. Live Stock furnished to vessels at short notice, and vegetables of all kinds supplied to order. 29 tf TARO FLOUR FACTORY, IVailuku. 31am, COMMENCED OPERATIONS ON THURSDAY, May 26th, and are now prepared to supply TARO FLOUR in any quantities. With new and improved machinery and other apparatus, the present Manager guarantees to supply Taro Flour that will make a better class of Pol than ever produced. All orders to be sent to W. H. CUMMINS, Manager, at the Factory, Wailuku, Maui ; or to W. G. IRWIN & CO., Agents, Honolulu. 657nay27tfdw WENNER & CO. 92 Fort Street, Have en hand New Foreign and Homemade Jewelry. Watches, Bracelets, Necklets, Pins, Lockets, Clocks, And ornaments of all kinds. Silver and Gold Plate. Elegant Solid Silver Tea Sets. Suitable for Presentation. ENGRAVING AND NATIVE JEWELRY A Specialty. Repairing: In all Its branelie. aor sole Agents for Ktng's Eye Presei vers. 4fi-mar9-lv6 Wholesale and Retail Dealer in every kind of Fresh, Salt, Smofced. Picfcled and Dried Fish. Removed to Clay-St. Market, 515-517 MerehantSt. SAN FRANCISCO. 677my31'88 mii FEED CO, KdPOBTEBB A DEALER DAY AND GRAIN, Telephone No. 176. 85 tf TELEPHONE 55 fpH TSEFEI SIP PLANING MILL, j3 Alakea, near Queen St. LZ3 88-tf To .the OPnblic. The Pacific Transfer Co., Office with the Union Feed Co. Bell Telephone 175. Mutual Telephone 175. I am fully prepared to do all kinds of drayage, hauling or moving work, all of wnlch I will guai antee to execute faithfully. 36 ly 8. F. GRAHAM , Proprietor. J". 1-1. SOPER, Successor, to J. M. Oat, Jr., & Co., STATIONERS & NEWS DEALERS, Hawaiian Gazette Block. 27 Merchant St., Honolulu. H.I. 41 tf FOR SALE, WE HAVE A LARGE QUANTITY OF OLD - newspapers on hand, which will be sold for 25 cents a hundred. They are useful for wrapping parcela, laying under carpets, etc. P. C. ADVERTISER. MAOFARLANE & CO., TTIOEESAtE DEALERS ANI MEN erai Jobbers m w .un h-h ana uuun N 12 Saahum&nn Street, EOKOLULU. 23-t f i ATTOB5EYS-AT-LAW. CECIL BROWN, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND Notary Public, Campbell's Block, Merchant street. 776aug9tf M, THOMPSON, ATTORNEY - AT- L A W , Office in Campbell's Block, corner Fort and Merchant streets, Honolulu, H. I. PRACTICES IN THE COURTS. BSTWhen desired, will give ihe law in a writ ten opinion, as to the prolaMe result of the contention upon tlie fn.sv.i- stared 44tf J. M. MONSARHAT. ATTOH.I-ir.Y AT IA All i NOTARY PU8LIC. Keal Estate in any part of tlie II in ST dom Bought, Sold and Leased on Commission Loans Negotiated and Legal Documents Drawn NO. 27 MERCHANT STREET, Gazette Block, Honolulu. io-tf IEON-BAEK Foundation Timbers ! ! We have just received fvom Australia a few Iron bark Foundation Timbers. SIZES 16x24 inches. 12 Feet Eon. And 14x18 Inches, 16 Feet Eong- rhese tim'bers, as their name signifies, are nearly as solid and durable as iron, and for foundation purposes, or others of like nature, cannot be surpassed. "W. C3-. Irwin fc Co, 811nov25tf FRAME! GE-RTZ, Pyjfojorter anfl . Hannfactnrar Of all Descriptions of BOOTS &. SI-3QES Cj-Orders from the other Islands solicited. No. 114 Frt St., HonolHlr, 159 d&wtf METROPOLITAN Meat Company, G. J. WALLER, IJMANAGER. 0 WHOLESALE AND RETAIL AND Navy Contractors. A. 0. Cook & Son, OAK TANNED LEATHER BELTING, Eace Eeather and IXeader Drapers, No. 415 Market street, San Francisco. 442 jan 2588 LEEGE & MILLS, ITSi PIR E Steam, Coffee and Spice Mills. Importers of Teas, Cof7ejs, Spices; Ch&rtres Java Coffee, Yeast Powder, Cream Tar tar, 8oda. Saheratus, Ground Coffee, For eign and Domestic Matches. 410-412 Clay St. bet. San some & Battery SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. P. O. Box 1$Q, 35mayl3'S3 BUTCH EES tt3to5$ Cards. 8. 1. STANLKV. JOHN 8FX1T41HCK Spruance, Stanley & Co., Importers and Jobbers of Fls WHISKIES, WINES AND LIQUORS 410 Front St., San Franclsee. 2 tf & w H. F. BERTELMANN, Contractor and Builder. ESTIMATES FURNISHED ON WOOD, BRICK OR STONE. PLANS DRAWN Cabinet and Carpenter Work done to order. 86 KING STREET. Bell Telephone 10T 711jel6tf " THE INTER-ISLAND STEAM NAV IGATION COMPANY, (Limited), Keep constantly on hand, for sale, STEAM FAMELY and BLACKSMITH COAL, and a general assortment of BAR IRON. 326 ly Schweitzer & Co. Ln porters and Jobbers of FANCY GOODS, HOSIERY, GLOVES, CORSETS, White Goods, Embroideries, Handker chiefs. Laces, Ribbons, Eadies' & Children' Underwear. 29 and 31 Battery St., San Francisco 485 feblu'88 ' E. H. Buclmam & Co. Manufacturers and Dealers in SHIP STOVES, Tin, Copper, Crockery and Sheet Iron Wares, Ship Lanterns and Signal Oil, 22 Stewart St., bet. Market and Mission, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Ship and Job Work and Stove Repairing of all kinds a specialty. 487 feblO'b TO PLANTERS. We have on band s on&tgnment of Automatic Trash Feeding Furnaces. Foi four and five foot furnaces, complete with grat bars, bearers and trash carriers. Macl inee of mis make are now in uccessful operation at Spt eckelsville, Makee Sugar Company and o .Ubr plao .atlons. Also, a consignment of Filter IPresses, Having all the latest improvements.! PLANTERS AND OTHERS Interested are requested to call and examine the above. For prices and xurther particulars ap ply to Wni; G. Irwin & Co., zstt Atfuuts, BONE MEAL !! The undersigned are now prepared to re ceive order for this Celebrated Fertilizer from the manufactory of Back & Ohlandt San Francisco: The following is a report of the compo nent parts, as obtained by Chemical analy sis: Water 8.10 per cent Organic Matter 29.18 " Silicious Matter... 4.65, " " Lime, 31.70 " " Phosphoric Acid 23.11' ' " Oxide of Iron 85 Carbonic Acid 1.89 g , Alka Salts 52 " 1100.00 Nitrogen 2.7 per cent. Order 8 Received will have Prompt and Careful Attention, W. Gr. Irwin & Co., Agents or the Hawaiian Islands. 21tf "E -K, JVtayliew, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER' 86 Hotel Street, Honolulu, 17 1. (Opposite Fashion Stables). P. O. BOX 315. BELL T-BLEPHONR 63. All work in ray line faithfully done. Plans an specifications made. Jobbing In all details don at short notice, (iood work and low charges 1 my motto. S8-deo6-86 MONTHLY PAYMENTS. All accounts for Advertising; and Job Printing at the x Pacific Commercial Arifrt2er Ofn will tVm thta date be -Dreseatsd 13 r uuent monthi7. Honolulu, Maioh t, 1885.