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VOL. VI. NO. 257. HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, MONDAY, OCTOBER 31, L887.
PRICE 5 CENT'S. mm THEi DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED Every Morning Except Sundays. SUBSCRIPTIONS : Daily P. C. Advertiser, one year fS 00 Daily P. C. Advertiskr, six months- 3 00 Daily P. C Advertiser, three months 1 50 Daily P. C. Advertiser, per month 50 VVkkkly P. C Advertiser, one year- 5 00 Pi eign Subscription, W. P. C. A. (including postage) 6 50 Payable Invariably n Advance Discoveries of the Present Century. Cincinnati Enquirer. Few great discoveries were made in the iirsc century of America. Nothing much had been brought out of our con tinent before the time of Franklin but furs. There were no reliable gold mines in the country under colonial rule. Hard coal was not considered lit to burn until some time in the present century, and all the anthracite wealth of Pennsylvania and the great bitumin ous coal fields have been developed in comparatively recent times. Cotton was of no account for a good while in the history of the country. Oil was not found until our great civil war was on top of us, and in the very height of that war the oil fever seemed to make the war itself an indifferent matter. As long as slavery stood up . to be fought for no phosphates were found in the Carolinas, and the greatest result following the re bellion has probably been the applica tion of scientific manures to our soils. ISilver in Colorado has all been found within a very few years. The Comstock lode, in Nevada, which for its period produced more silver . than any other deposit known to man, was a develop ment following the rebellion. Elec tricity, in which the Americans have been so fortunate, being provided by it with common illuminating lamps, took a new start almost hundred years after the time Frantlin was playing with it. Now they are finding natural gas in the western states and about the foot-hills of the Allegheuios. Alaska is the last region to tempt ex plorers, and, hard and cold as that country is, it may become in American hands the key to the north pole, and to many other wonders. Since we ac quired Alaska from the Russians the fur seal robes .have become known all over the earth and yet those fur seal islands might have been the property of old John J acob Astor in the first quarter of our century, when he was attempting to anticipate the Pacific railroad by a line of posts from the Missouri river to Puget sound. The Language of the lien Cincinnati Enquirer. No man will deny thdt the common domestic fowl has a language it is evi dent to the most casual observer, and the examples are all familiar. Take a hen on a warm day in spring and you haar a regular song as she wanders about after food. If anything denotes contentment this does. Now, let aline, fat grub appear. How quickly the tone changes to a short, quick series of notes, in answer to which the young brood scamper in her direction at headlong speed. The chivalrous rooster used the same call to attract the attention of his harem to some choice morsel. If at this moment a hawk appears, or some larger bird is noticed aloft, hear the loud, prolonged warning that arises from the rooster and some of the hens! 'Kiere is just as much difference between this and the call to the young to take some food as there is between the sen tences: k'IIurry up! here's a bug!" and exactly what the calls mean. Compare the "song" that we have mentioned to. the dismal croak heard when you lift a chicken up by the legs; also to the sounds when a hen leaves the nest after laying an egg. Then the angry cluck when the brood is menaced "tnth danger, and it will be seen that all these sounds have a certain meaning and express emotions just as well as our carefully selected words. dictionary of the Trench Academy. Chicago News. The prime object of the foundation of the French academy was the im provement of the French language, and its chief and most important labor, npon which successive generations of academicians have expended their force, Jf Jts dictionary. The first "edition ap peared in iou4, and the seventh re gion is still in progress, the first num- Th-aVg.been Published in I858 rJ ls dictionary is not a mere encyclo- is Words and their definitions. It arm, Sta.ndard of literary excellence, an utuonty to which a writer or speaker an reT lf h" questions the fit use of be bvTy VL,&PeecQt or it ne wisnes to from t and eleSant in his diction, free tie in ::"v'11 teuunicai pecuiian or a mJapby and pronunciation, vi5?2 at, tho skillf adaptation of thl?l?3rdt its associates It is to cUan. and its iniiuence that the n--h' Precslon. symmetry, and andV-a good French stvle are due, fcen5 cm ?re lhe Qualities which com Prcsn a 6t'vle for swevntificex- 3&&misnnnts. ROYAL INSURANCE CNMP'Y OF LIVERPOOL. CAPITAL ftlO.OOO.OOO UNLIMITED LIABILITY . Fire Insurance oi all description will be effected at Moderate Bates of Preta om, by the undersigned. WM. G. IRWIN & CO ' 20-dfewtf Managers for Haw. Islands XT TXT IOM Fire and Marine Insurance Co. Of New Zealand. CAPITAL., 10,OUO,000 Having Established an Agency at Honolulu, for the Hawaiian Islands, the un dersigned are prepared to accept risks against Fir In dwellings, stores warehouses and merchandise on favorable terms. Marine riak& on cargOj freights, bottomry, profits and commissions. Liosses promptly adjusted & payable 19-dwtf WM. G. IRWIN & CO. Tlie Hisdon Iron & Locomotive Works, Corner of Beal and Howard Streets, SAN FRANCISCO CALIFORNIA W. H. TAYLOR President R. S. MOORE Superintendent BUILDERS OF STEAM MACHINERY, IN ALL its branches; Steamboat, Steamship, Land Engines and Boilers, High Pressure or Com pound. STEAM VESSELS of all kind3 built complete with hulls of wood, iron or composite. ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when ad visable. STEAM LAUNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs con structed with reference to the trade in which they are to be employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water guaranteed. SUGAR MILLS and Sugar Making Machinery made after the most approved plans. Also, all Boiler Iron Work connected therewith. WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any size, made in suitable lengths for connecting together.or Sheets Rolled, Punched and Packed for shipment, ready to be riveted on the ground. HYDRAULIC RIVETING, Boiler Work and Water Pipes made by this establishment, riv eted by hydraulic riveting machinery, that quality of work being far superior to nana J Work. SHIP WORK, Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam Winches, Air and Circulating Pumps, made after the most approved plans. SOLE AGENTS and manufacturers for the Pa cific Coast of the Heme Safety Boiler. PUMPS Direct Acting Pumps for irrigation or city works' purposes, built with the celebrated Davy Valve Motion, superior to any other pump. J. N. S. WILLIAMS.. Honolulu Room No. 3, upstairs, Spreckels Block, 551marl2d&wtf Agent for Hawaiian Islands. AV NO. ? FORT STREET. Opposite Wilder & Co.'s . cf. IKToIte, Propr OPKX KOU 3 A. M. TILL. 10 P. M FIBST-CLASS LUNCHES, COFFEE, TEA, SODA WATER, GIXGES ALE, Cigars and. Tobaccos OF BEST BRANDS Plain and Fancy JPIIES personally selected from the Manufacturers, and a Large Variety of BKST QUALITY SMOKERS' ARTICLES. Lovers o BILLIARDS will find an Elegant RUNSWICK & CO, BiLLIAEB TABLS on the Premises. The Pioprietor would be pleased to receive a call from his Friends and the Public gen eraUy who may desire a liUNCII, A SMOKE, OR A A3IE OF BILLIARDS. H. J. NOLTE- 34-tf Geo. C. Shreve & Co., MANUFACTURING JEWELERS And Importers of Diamonds, Watches, Silver and Silver Plated Ware, Decorated China, Art Brass Goods, Fans, Canes, Umbrellas, Berlin and Vienna Leather Goods, Opera Glasses, Clocks, Etc. Montgomery and Sutter Sts.. SAN FRANCISCO. 443ja25'8S ML OEDLNG'S BAGGAGE EXTEESS SI. Jf. SANDERS, PROP., DeUver Baggage and Freight of Every Descrip tion with Promptness and Dispatch. OtHce, 81 Iiinsr Street. Both Tele- phoueM, 86. Residence, 118 Niinaan Street. Bell Telephone for Residence, s. 70C-Junel5tX . Wm, G. Irwin. CLA OS SP11ECKELS & CO., BANKERS. HONOLULU HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, Draw Exchange on the principal parts of the world. Will receive deposits on open account, make collections and conduct a general banking and exchange business. Deposits bearing interest received In their Sav ings Department subject to published rules an.l regulations. . . l7oc3tf WILDRrVS STEAMSHIP CO., JLimi tt;I;. STEAMER KINAU, (Lorenzon, Commander Leaves Honolulu as per following schedule ouchiug at Lahaina, Muaiaea, Makena, Mahu kona.KawaihaeLauimiiuehoe. HUo and Keauhou: Commencing on MONDAY. July 2(J, 1886, and on every alternate Monday st 4 p. m.,the Kinau will make the VOLCANO TUIP, reaching Keau hou on Wednesday morning, where horses and carriages are ia waiting to convey passengers to the VOLCANO HOUSE (five miles in tae saddle and uine miles by carriage). Passengers by this route will nave two days and two nights at the VOLCANO HOUSE. TICKETS FOR THE ROUND I'RII TO THE VOLCANO, FIFTY DOLLARS, WHICH PAYS ALL CHARGES. The Kinau will arrive in Honolulu Sunday mornings on Volcano rnps. On H;lo trips, wil leave Honolulu on Tuesdays, and return Saturday morning. PASSENGER TRAINS will connect with the Kinau at Mahukona The Kinau WILL TOUCH at Honokaia and Paauhau on down trips from HHo for Passengers if a signal is mado from the shore. STEAMER LIKELIKE. (Davis, Commanaer), Leaves Honolulu every Monday at p. m tcr Kaunakakai, Kahului, Huelo. Hana and Kipanulu, every week; Keanae, Mokulau and Nuu. every other week. Returning, will stop at the above ports, arriving back Saturday mornings. For malls and passengers only. STEAMER KILAUEA HOC, (Cameron, Commander), Will leave regularly tor Labalna, Paauhau, Ko holalele, Kukaiau and Ookala. STEAMEULEHUA, (Clark, Commander) Will leave regularly for Hakalau, Honomu and Onomea. STEAMER MOKOLIl, (McGregor, Commander), Leaves for the following ports every alternate Monday at 5 p. m.: Commencing May 16th To Kaunakakai, Ka malo, Pukoo, Lahaina, Olowalu. P.eturmng to Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunakakai. Arriving at Honolulu Saturday a. m. Commencing May 9th To Kaunakakai, Lanai, Kamalo, Pukoo, Ualawa, Wailau, Pelekunu, Kalaupapa. Returning to Pukoo, Lahaina, Olo waiu. Lahaina, Pukoo, Kamalo, Kaunakakai. Arriving at Honolulu Satuxday a. m. OS?" The Company will not be responsible ior any freight or packages unless receipted for, nor for personal baggage uniess plainly marked. Not responsible for mon?y or jewelry unless placed in harge of the Purser. All possible care ill le taken of Live Stock, but the Company will not assume any risk of accident SAM'L G. WILDER, President S. B. ROSE, Secretary. OFFICE Corner Fort and Queen streets. 55-ly Mar SO S. P. TAYLOR & CO., . - Paper Manufacturers, t AND DEALERS IN Paper Bags, Twines, Etc., 414 and 416 Clay street, SAN FRANCISCO Pioneer and San ireronimo Paper Mills. South Coast Paper Mill, Soquel, Santa Cruz County, Cal. 441ja25 '88 J. iVANGOVICH & CO. Importers, Wholesale Dealers and Commission Merchants in Foreign l Domestic Fruit, 500 Washington, and 61, 603 & 605 Sansome Sis , SAN FRANCISCO. This Is the oldest established house in this line of business in San Francisco, and we are prepared to fill orders of all kinds in our Una. SPECIALTY in PACKING all kinds of FRUIT for long distance markets. Your Patronage is Solicited 645 marlO'bS Clans Sprwkels WM. McCANDLESS, Ko. 6 Queen Street, Fi3h Market. Dealer In choicest BEEF, VEAL MUTTON, FISH, etc. Family and shipping Orders carefully attended to. Live Stock furnished to vessels at short notice, and vegetables of all kinds supplied to order. 29 tf TARO FLOUii FACTORY, WniliiUn. Mam, t COMMENCED OPERATIONS ON THURSDAY, May 26th, and are now prepared to supply TARO FLOUR in any quantities. With new and improved machinery and other apparatus, the present Manager guarantees to supply Taro Flour that will make a better class of Poi than ever produced. All orders to be sent to W. H. CUMMINS, Manager, at the Factory, Wailuku, Maui ; or to W. G. IRYv'IN & CO., Agents, Honolulu. 657ntay27tfdw VVENNEE & CO. 92 Fort Street, Have o hand New Foreign and Homemade Jewelry. Watches, Bracelets, Necklets, Pins, Lockets, Clocks, And ornaments of all kinds. Silvor and Gold Plate, Elesrant Solid Silver Tea Sets. Suitable for Presentation. ENGRAVING AND NATIVE JEWELRY A Specialty. Repairing in all it branches. y Sole Agents for King's Eye Preseivers. 46-mar9-lv6 A. PAL'ADINI,. "Wholesale and Retail Dealer in every kind of Fresh, Salt, Smoked, IMcbJed and Bried Fish. Removed to Clay-St. Market, 515-517 MerehantSt. SAN FRANCISCO. 677my31'88 UNION FEED CO. IMPORTERS A DEALER In II AY AND GRAIN, Telephone No. 175. 85 tf TELEPHONE 55 i. fTmm -r-m- --r-w -r -mm WT W Alaltea, near QHeen St. 38-tf To the 3?nblic. The Pacific Transfer Co., Office with the Union Feed Co. Bell Telephone 175. Mutual Telephonel75. I am fully prepared to do all kinds of drayage, hauling or moving work, all of wnich I will gnai antee to execute faithfully. 36 ly S. F. GRAHAM, Proprietor. J. H. SOPER. Succecsor to J. M. Oat, Jr., & Co., STATIONERS & NEWS DEALERS, Hawaiian Gazette Block.- 27 Merchant. St., Honolulu. H.I. 41 tf FOE SALE. WE HAVE A LARGE QUANTITY OF OLD newspapers on hand, which will be sold for 25 cents a hundred. They are useful for wrpping parcels, laying under carpets, etc. P. C. ADVERTISER. MAOFARLANE & CO., Y5TIIOI.ESAM3 DEALERS AND EN Y eral Jobbers in WINES and LIQUOR - " - N. 13 Haahnmanu Street, HONOLULU. 2S-t Sdverlisementis. ATTOBNEYS-AT-I.A1V. CECIL BROWN, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND Notary Public, Campbell's Block, Merchant street. 776augytf M. THOMPSON, ATTORNEY- AT-LAW, Office in Campbell's Block, corner Fort and Merchant streets, Honolulu, H. I. PRACTICES IN THE COURTS. Bag"When desired, will give the law m a writ ten opinion, as to the probable result of the contention upon the fa;ts stated 44tf J. M. MONSARRAT. ATTOBHBY AT LAW AND NOTARY PUBLIC. Keal Estate in any prt oi" the King dom Bought, Sold and leased ou Commission Loans Negotiated and Legal Documents Drawn No. 27 MERCHANT STISKET, Gazette Block, Honolulu. .-tf IEON-BAEK Foundation Timbers ! ! We have just received from Australia a few Iron bark Foundation Timbeis. SIZES 16x24 inches, 12 Feet L.m$r. And 14x18 inches, 16 Feet Ingr These timbers, as their name signifies, are nearly as solid and durable as iron, and for foundation purposes, or others of like nature, oannot be surpassed. W. G. Irwin & Co 311nov25tf FRANK GERTZ, WT.l 3 1 T ... J UA..nffl.tnvinli f i p va lmporier uiiu Mauwauiurci- Of all Descriptions of BOOTS l SHOES Orders from the other Islands solicited. No. 114 Fort St., Honolulu. 69 d&wtf MT7TPYDAT.TT A AT llUi A J.IV.L J jjx x nil Meat Company, 81 KINO STREET, GL J. WALLER, MANAGER. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL AND Navy Contractors. A. 0.! Cook & Son, OAK TANNED LEATHER : BELTING, Lace Leather and Header Drapers, No. 415 Market street, San Francisco. ' 442 jangS'-Sa LEEGE & MILLS, E 31 1 I II JB Steam, Coffee and Spice Mills. Importers ol Teas, Coffees, Spices. Chartres Java Coffee, Yeast Powder, Cream Tar tar, Soda, Saheratus, Ground Coffee, For eign and Domestic Matches. 410-412 Clay St. bet. Sansome & Rattery SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. P. O. Box 1580. eS5mayl3'88 BUTCH EES JOHN 8PRT7ANCK Spruancc, Stanley & Co., Importers and Jobbt-rs of Flue WHISKIES, WINES AND LIQUORS 410 Front St., San Francisco. 2 tf C w H. F. BERTELMANN, Contractor iml Uuilder. ESTIMATES FURNISHED ON WOOD, BRICK OR STONE. Cabinet and Carpenter Work done to order. 86 KING STREWC. Telephone 107 711jel6tf . THE INTER-ISLAND STEAM NAV IGATION COMPANY, (Limited), Leen constantly on hand, for sale, STEAM. SlILY Ld BLACKSMITH COAL, and a general assortment of BAR IRON Schweitzer & Co. Importers and Jobbers of F.lsrOY GOODS, HOSIERY, GLOVES, CORSETS, White ttoods, Embroideries, Ilandher chiets. Juices, Itibboiss. JLadies A Children' I'udcmear. 29 and 31 Battery St., San Francisco 485 feblO'SS E. H. Buclmain & Oo. Manufacturers and Dealers in SHIP STOVES, Tin. Copper, Crocltery and Sheet Iron ares, Ship Lanterns and Signal Jil, 22 Stewart St., bet. Market and Mission, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Ship and Job Work and Wtove Repairing of all kinds a specialty. 487 feblO 88 T0 PLAKTEKS. We have on band a onslgnment of Automatic Trash Feeding: Furnaces. Foi four and five foot furnaces, complete with grat bars, bearers and trash carriers. Machine of iris make are now in successful operation at Spree kelsville, Makee Sugar Company mid other plauiatlone. Also, a consignment of Filter Presses, UavinR all the latest improvements.J PLANTERS AND OTHERS Interested are requested to call and examine the above. For prices and lurther particulars ap ply to Wm. GL Irwin & Co., :tt Aleuts. BONE MEAL!! The undersiKned are now prepared to re ceive orders for this Celebrated Fertilizer from the manufactory of Buck & Ohlandt San Francisco: ' The following is a report of the compo nent parts, as obtained by Chemical analy sis Water 8.10 per cent Organic Matter.-. 29.18 " " Silicioua Matter .s 4.65 ' " Lime 31.70 - Phosphoric Acid 23.11 " Oxide of Iron ' ' Carbonic Acid 1.89 " 'm Alka Salts .52 U00.00 Nitrogen 2.7 per cent. Orders Received will have Prompt and Careful Attention. W. Gr. Irwin & Co., Amenta or the Hawaiian Islands. 21tf "E JVlayiiew, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER, 86 Hotel Street, Honolulu, II l.r (Opposite Fashion Stablfes). P. O. BOX 315. BELL TELEPHONE 53 All work in my line faithiully done. Plans an specifications made. Jobbing In all details don at short notice. Good work and low charges 1 my motto. . 58-dec5-85 MONTHLY PAYMENTS. All accounts for Advertising and -Job Printlu at the Pacific Commercial Advertiser Office will from this date be presented for tuent monthly. Honolulu, Mai!h 2, 18S5. S. X.. STAXLKY.