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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, JANUARY 23, 1888.
The Pueblo of Oaibdo. I found the natives so peaceable and courteous that my firearms were an un necessary load. On one occasion, being at the hut of a native, an invitation to dine was accepted. No member of the family sat down with me, so great was their respect- They remained standing until I had done. On leaving the men all raised their hats. The women were always reserved until approached, but re spond to a gentlemanly inquiry with quiet modesty. The women, according to the usual custom, are seldom wedded by ec clesiastical ceremony, Matrimony is too dear as performed through the instru mentality of the padre, and the proba tion demanded by the red tape of the church before espousing is irksome. So when the native man thinks of taking a helpmate he prepares by taking a machete (a long knife or sword with a wooden handle), and an acre or so of ground. After cutting from the land the brush wood and weeds he plants a portion with bananas or plantains, which bear fruit in three years. He then builds a hut of palm, thatched perfectly tight. The house being buiit and the bananas maturing, he selects the woman to be casared housed). There is no ceremony necessary. They have a family, the chil dren are not educated nor clothed, nor is any provision necessary. Nature pro vides" so bountifully for nearly all their wants; why should they worry about their next "meal? There is a bunch of bananas and plantains maturing every day for perhaps 100 veal's without any further attention. Fish are abundant in the stream passing by their door. The man wants a straw hat, which the woman provides, woven by her hands with th- grass near at hand. The woman weaves a covering cloth from the inner bark of a palm tree, colored green, just sufficient to meet what modesty demands. The man sometimes wants a dime for gam bling, or whisky, or gunpowder, which is provided by the woman, who does the gold was! ling and principal labor. Choco Cor. San Francisco Chronicle. Would Abolish the Oath in Law. - Said a prominent lawyer the other day: "The oath in law should, I think, be abolished. It has retained its place upon the theory that it tends to secure the telling of the truth, but it does not. I have been for thirty years constantly about courts of law, and I unhesitatingly say that any person conscientious enough to regard an oath will tell the truth without one. and for those who may be restrained by the fi-ar of punishment for perjury the statutes can be so amended as to make lying upon the witness stand or the subscription of false affidavits in legal proceedings punishable by the same penalties now attached to perjury. "During the tliirty years that I liave named I have carefully watched the course of legal morality, and I tell you tliat perjury becomes daily more com mon and the oath lighter and more per functory. The clerk drawls out the form of oath without pause or punctuation. The witness, with falsehood deliberate and rehearsed in his heart, drops his right hand, takes the stand, the he comes glibly to liis lips, and some man's prop erty, reputation or liberty are sworn away for dollars or for a grudge. "The inconsiderate profanity of the angry or drunken man is harmless when compared with the indolent inditference with which officers administer and the black perjury with which witnesses take the oath. If we cannot make lying in judicial proceedings less, let us at least make it more decent and less profane. Detroit Free Press. Kales for Reading with Profit. To read with profit calls for no elabo rate rules and no cast iron system. It requires only these two things: First, that we shall read intelligently, and to tliat end that we master what we actually do read; and, second, that we follow up whatever interest may be aroused in reading, so as to make the general tenor of our reading illustrate itself. Any per son who will faithfully follow these two simple rules for one year will be surprised at the extent, the diversity, and the con tinuity of the knowledge he has acquired; and others will be equally astonished at the culture of mind and the felicity of speech he has attained. Within a short time there will be few subjects upon which he will not be prepared to speak with pleasure to liimself and others, be cause there will not be many subjects on which he is not more or less informed, and of which he hrs not more or less ex tensively thought. As a method of ac quiring the almost forgotten art cf con versation no method of profound study could possibly surpass the simple method of self culture we have indicated. For the greatest charm of cultivated conver sation is facility in apt and striking illus tration, such as nothing but extensive and intelligent reading can impart. St. Louis Republican. The Psychic ZVIan and the Cosmic It is not the fashion just now to ad mire wholly vital men. The ideal man is a disembodied affair. But we must not forget that some of the grandest types were magnificently vital, with large ap petites and surging impulses. Your Shakespeares and your Goethes were powerful furnaces that shook by the violence of their combustion the delicate machinery they propelled. Your Handel was like an oak whose roots are in a mo rass but whose branches are in Heaven. And from St. Paul to John Knox we shall have to follow the events of history by the great vital captains that helped to make it. I leave it to aesthetic pietism to sav. if . m its enons to estaoiisn tlie purely psyrhic man it is not in danger of abolishing the cosmic man. Nvm Crinkle in New York World. Chemical Properties of Sunlight. Photographic experiments now reveal extraordinary chemical properties in the sun's rays, while, strange to say, some of the rays are entirely destitute of this peculiar power. It has also been dis covered tliat there are rays of light out side of the solar spectrum, and wliich are invisible to to the human eye. New York Sun. ; A Discovery in Drilling. A workman at the Carson mint has discovered that drill points heated to a cherry red and tempered bv being driven into a bar of lead, will bore through the hardest steel or plate glass without pcr- fbly blunting.'.. . . v.,.- -. A DECREASING BIRTH RATE. Some Interesting Facts Concerning the Growth of the United Kingdom. An eminent British statistician, Mr. Mulhall, lias contributed some interesting information lately on the subject of the growth of the United Kingdom, which contains, at the same time, many encour aging and discouraging facts. Mr. Mulhall finds, for instance, that while the popula tion of the United Kingdom is increasing only 12 per cent, per decade, its wealth is growing 22 per cent, during the same time, its trade 29, and it3 shipping 67. In vital statistics it is shown that the death rate is rapidly decreasing, that fewer children die and that people live to much greater age than formerly. But what particularly strikes Mr. Mulhall and alarms him for the future of Great Brit ain is the fact that the proportion of births to the population is steadily de creasing and has been decreasing for years. Births per 1,000 of population fell off about 5 1-2 per cent a year in the period ISSl-So, as compared with 1376 80, while the marriage rate declined only 11-2 per cent. 3Ir. Mulhall recognizes the fact that these figures "give ground for an appre hension of physical decadence,' and calls upon the British Medical association to make a report upon it at the next session. Examining the figures by geographical divisions, he finds that the natural In crease in population, or the excess of births over deaths, is at the rate of 14.3 per 1,000 inhabitants in England and Wales, 13.9 in Scotland and only C.4 in Ireland. This is especially significant in view of the fact that marriages are not as chitd less in Ireland as in England, and more children are born to each marriage; but on the other hand, the marriage rate in Ireland is now the lowest in the world, and steadily declining in consequence of the emigration of men and women in the prime of life. The result of this low birth rate is very unfavorable to the country, the decrease in births amounting to oo.OOO per year, as compared with the last decade. Such facts as these are always alarm ing, but a low birth rate eems to come with civilization and wealth. France has reached nearly a stationary position in re gard to population, the number of births bing just sufficient to keep up the population. New England has about rvached that state, and its popula tion would in all probability decline but for immigration, and Mr. Mulhall s figures would indicate that Great Britain, which in the past poured forth millions of peoj i$ to colonize the world, is rapidly approach ing that condition of physical decadence where the number of births will be barely sufficient to prevent a decline in the popu lation of the country. New Orleans Times-Democrat. smpnnr lu the Air. The quantity of burnt sulphur tliat escapes into the air is very great. Seven and a half millions of tons of coal are annually consumed in London. Now, the average amount of sulphur in Eng lish coal is 1 1-1 per cent. That would give 93,750 tons of sulphur burned every year in London fires. If we consider that on an average twice the quantity of . coal is consumed on a winter day that is consumed on a summer day, no less than 347 tons of sulphur are thrown into the atmosphere every winter day in London. Tliis is an alarming quantity, quite suffi cient to account for the density of the fogs in that city. But would it be ad visable to diminish the escape of sulphur from the chimneys? Is it not better to "bear the ills' of the fogs than 'fly to others' which the absence of sulphur might encourage? Burned sulphur is not an unmitigated evil. During the fogs the air is still and stagnant; there is no current to clear away the deadly germs tliat are being vomited into the air from the pestilential hotbeds of the lowest slums. These death laden germs might le more fatal in the propagation of the disease if the deodorizing and antiseptic properties of the sulphur were not busy at work. Boston Herald. Not Lazy by any Means. There is not so much laziness n the worm as people want to make out. "We all work, but it's always the other people who are lazy. Now take the case of that wealthy traveler who lived at one of our hotels. He did not need to work. He did not work; but what do you mean by calling a man lazy who could be the hero of this story? He had a most expensive suite of rooms and no end of extras. A friend went up to call on him in the fore noon and found him just at breakfast. He was drinking tea and eating toast and things. His manner was easy and de liberate. He had finished the; cup, and he looked calmly into it. Then lie rose and walked across the room and rung the bell. . The servant came. "Ah!" he said, "Walter, I want another cap of tea." "Certainly, sir," said the waiter, and he calmly walked to the table, took tip the teapot and poured the tea into the cup. "Thank you," said the English man, and went on with his breakfast. San Francisco Chronicle. An Efficient Fire Department. I was present at a big fire in Tangier, when the helplessness of the Moors in cases of emergency was exemplified. A sort of extemporized fire brigade of blacks and Moors was formed, but their method of extinguishing the flames would have astonished a London fireman. It consisted of sending negroes by twos and threes down to the beach, some quarter of a mile distant, each with one small basket on his head, which he filled with sand; then trotting back, poured it on the fire and returned for more. If jabbering and gesticulating could have put out the flames, little damage would have been done; as it was, the house was completely gutted. Foreign Letter. Striking Results in Hog Fattening. In a study of pigs, the American con buI at Copenhagen has added thirty pounds to the weight of some animnlg by having them daily washed. Besides cleanliness, easily masticated food gave some striking results. When whole corn is fed them, only half of it is available as food, the other half passing away in an undigested form. Arkansaw Traveler. Ancient British Wigwams. The earthen floors of eighteen ancient British wattled huts or wigwams exist on the downs east of Dunstable. A land owner is demolishing them, much to the horror of antiquaries. GBASS SEEDS. COCKSFOOT, RYE GRASS, ENG LISH RED CLOVER, COW GRASS. rpHE ATTENTION OF ALL INTERESTED TN L ImproTing the pasture lands of the Islands is called to the above valuable seeds, which -we offer for sale in Jots to suit purchasers. We have also on hand sample lots of White Clover, English JLIavke, Timothy. Rib Grass, Crested Dog's Tall, Tall Fescue, Italian Bye Grass and Lucerne seeds, which we offer in mall lots for trial, and wili also receive orders for quantities of not less than half a ton weight, and execute same with dispatch. 717-Junel8tfdfcw G, IRWIN & CO. NOTICE. WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED A NEW LOT OF MANILA CIGARS, Of the Best Assorted Brands In the Market, which we will sell at lowest Prices, either in Bond or Dut j- Paid. Fresh Lots received by every Steamer. jNXEE foistg & CO.. King: St., Bet. 3f annakea ami Xuaanu. 3m Waterliouse & Lester, IMPORTERS OF WAGON LUMBER AND CARRIAGE MATERIAL 16 to 22 Beale street. San Francisco. apl9 M. PHILLIPS & Co., Importer suit Wholesale Ienler i Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Men's Furnish Ing and Fancy Goods, 2o. 11 Ka&humanu Street Honolulu. H.I. 25tf-wtf Win. G. hi & Go OFFER FOR SALE: SUGAES DRY GRANULATED In .Barrels, Half Barrels, And 30-ponnd Boxes. CUBE In Half Barrels And 25-pound Boxes POWDKRED In 30-ponnd Boxes. GOLDEN C. COFFEE In Half Carre's PEAS Blue Mottled Soap Cases Corned Beef. FLOUR Cs Medium Bread. OIL FUEL ATO LUBRICATING. LIME I CEMENT Galvanized Iron Booting, SCKEWS and WASHERS. Sugar Bags 22x36. COEDAaE. Manila and Sisal, Panana Twine, "Whale Line Reed's Felt Steam Pipe and Boiler Covering. GRASSiSEEDS, HILL TIMBERS A TENTS, (suitable for ins ana sarreyixiff parties , E3ZE3 (7 mm IS IN PUBLISHED EVERY MORjVIjVG. Office, 46 and 48 Merchant Street, Honolulu. THE ADTEETISEE Represents the Interests of Planter, the Storekee)er, the fact, all Classes of the Community. THE ADTEETISEE Has for many years beeu noted for its Reports of Legislative Proceedings, Important Law Verbatim when the importance of the occasion warrants it. THE ADTEETISEE Is a necessity to Every English. sneakinsr Inhabitant of the Kingdom who desires to keep pace with the times. THE ADTEETISEE Is copious and prompt in the publication of Local News,, and its readers are kept constantly posted as to the course of events in other parts of the world, particularly in the United States. Wily Pais" Is specially adapted for portions of Terms of Daily Edition, per annum jj qq " ' per half year 3 qq " per aonth ; $q Weekly Edition, per annum 5 qq , " to Foreign Countries ....6 50 SUBSCRIPTIONS PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. THE Pacific Commercial Advertiser THE JOB PKINTINGr OFFICE - Is replete with everyj requisite which modern ingenuity has devised. LATEST NOVELTIES IN Tlie Job 3?x-intiiig Departmen Every description of BOOK WORK. Books and Blank Forms Ruled to Prices are strictly moderateiand ether office in the city,, Sifttrtisnntttis.- THE THE o- -:o:- the Politician, the Merchant, the Lawyer, the Workman, and, in Cases, etc. These are recorded Oespil Mwfe residents of the outlying tbe group. Subscription : ,-..- i :o:- will compare favorably y th those of &uy . vv:a.--' -' v n Sdrerfisenunts. PACIFIC Commercial Advertiser STEAXf.BOOK AND JOB peintim office I prepared to do all kir.ij0 Commercial & Lega! Woi Having just Received a Complete mi . A830r,mei" of Job Types and Onmmen Of tbe Latest Stvlee. frcrc tbe trst Cel bra ted Foundries of tbe United ifuttg, and employing only Exverienctd and I'aatv Workmen, we ire prepared to tarn oat; Letter lleali Bill Head. Circular. Note If ends. Stat4n.enti, IlilUof Ladiar, Ntoe k Certificate. Business Carlsu Meal Checks, flllk Ticket. JtnuU thtfkf Contract. SXortfrnce Blank,. Ieae,i SkiippitiK: Contracts, .1 fin ritajr&Uao & EngUtb) Taleiidnr, Blank Cnf It Orders, Receipt, Marriage Certiorate.. Diploma. Cntalognr. Blwttiur rl" And in fact everything which a first-class office can do. Australian Mail Service. FOR SAN FRANCISCO. . rhe new and fine Al steel iteamitip 6C A XA jVI E A th Oceanic Steamship Company. du . . b- 'on1 at lloneluln from Sycney ana au.- 00 or aNat February 12fli, 1 An will leare for tlie abve pctt VkS n4 passengers on or about that date. -r'PVVlOE For freight or passage, bavlDg Sir"-4" ACCOMMODATIONS, apply to Wm. G. Irwin & Co., AKT3. For Sydney and Auckland. 3. The new and fine Al steel steaxnsbiP MAEIPOSA. 55 Of the Oceanic Steamship Com F b , doe at Honolulu from Sao Francisco or or about January 19, 1888. And will have prompt dlsrtcn with mails an aaaengers for the above ports. pVRloR aO For freight or passage, baring terPKRlUtt COiLJtfODATIONS, apply to Win. G. Irwin & Co., AGESTS Notice of Removal. j JflailV ; 1 vtlirUi 17 '-v. ... i ff JiOT : S V'lU j - ' V