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PACIFIC" COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER JANUARY itf, 1888.
ti-:h daily Pacific CoBiiaerciai AQvertisgr IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. -:o:- TKK32.N OF S UKSCIU PTIOJT. Per annum $6 00 Six moult 3 00 Per uiontli 50c fftf-.S5ibc,rijiIoii Payable Alwj'iu Ad vmice. Communictitions from all parts of the Kingdom ill always he very acceptable. Persr.ns residing lu any part of the United States can remit the amonnt of subscription due by Post Office money order. Matter Intended for publication in the editorial columns should be addressed to Editor Pacific Commkkcial. Advkkttseb. Business communications and advertisements nnoulc' 'c addressed simply " P. O. A DVKRTISER, mi noi to individuals. THE raciSe Commercial Advertiser Is now for sale daily at the Follawlns places: i. II. KOPEU Merchant street A. .VI. HE WET" Merchant street T. (i. I IIRUM Fort street WM. STK . LMANN Hawaiian Kote Five Cent per Copy. FRIDAY : : : : : January 27th Only six more days and the quaran tine will he raised, if Who is to he Marshal is the question now agitating the public. Yektkrday was one of the dullest known in business for a long time. An Italian paper says that Italy has "conceded to Spain for fifteen years terri tory on the Baj' of Assab suitable for a coaling station, reserving, however, the right to use it herself to the exclusion of all others in the time of war. Ax exchange has the following: Hindoo widow has raised $25,000 in Boston to provide an institution for Hindoo widows, whose lot is not a happy one. When it is remembered that there are several million such widows, the eum is rather ridiculous. It is like send ing one cat to clean out the rabbits of Australia. "The people of Tokio," says the "Japan Mail," "have developed a cur ious taste. They have taken to eating horseflesh. Horseflesh has two recom mendations ; it is meat and it is cheap- costs only half as much as beef. There is quite a demand for it. Plenty of horses are driven cityward to replenish the butchers' stall." A bill has been introduced into the U. S. Congress to restrict immigration, The bill has no reference to the Chinese It is designed to excluie anarchists, nihilists, paupers and the criminal classes generally. Instead of requiring a certificate from a United States Consul abroad as to the fitness of the person de siring to emigrate to America, it re quires the immigrant to provide himself with proofs from the authorities of the place of his previous residence of his fit ness to become a law-abiding citizen of America. A GREAT SPEECH. I am the only man on the Islands with any common sense. I am the mouth-piece of the Portu guese colony. I intend to drive out all the Chinese on the Islands. I intend, after this, to follow suit with the Japanese. I wish it to be distinctly understood that in future I will only allow Portu guese immigration. I will force the people of Hawaii to adopt my views." I do like to have my own way. I I. I, I, that is me, A. Marques, have only one thing to say, and that is, that I am right and everybody is wrong. In fact, I am the great I am. A RISE IN SUGAR; and ff Ail Increase lu Consumption IH-ereaxe iu tlie World's Produc tion Kept Snsar Culture in California. PICTUBESQUE CALIFORNIA. We have received, with the compli ments of W. T. Garrett & Co., of San Francisco, an elaborately printed pam phlet of some hundred pages, entitled "The Southern Pacific Sketch Book," containing a series of beautifully en graved illustrations and descriptive notices of the principal health and pleasure resorts of California and the Southwest. The views are delicately tinted and are above the average stand- ard of merit in works of the kind. S. F. Call, January 8th. Within the past few months the prices or different grades of sugar have ad vanced on an average of two cents a pound. In order to learn the cause of this rise and the future prospect of the market, a "Call" reporter visited a num ber of leading dealers and manufac turers of this important staple. Herman Bendel of the firm of Till mann & Bendel, when spoken to, said : "The cause of the recent sharp ad vance in the price of sugar is the resu:t of a decreased production and an in creased consumption of the article. Competition in local manufacturing cir cles resulted in a sharp decline in prices during 1887, and as a natural result there was a greater consumption. "I look for an advance from present prices within the next few months. The London and New York markets rule the world, and as the former handles almost exclusively beet sugar, and as there has been such a marked falling off in the last crop, prices are sure to advance. "M.Licht said, the leading European authority on sugar has reduced his esti mate of the last crop to 2,263,000 tons against 2,625,442 tons in 1886, or a fall ing off of 362,448 tons. The consump tion for 1886 was 180,000 tons in excers of the production, while in 1887 the con sumption was 200,000 tons more than the previous year, making a total con sumption over production for 1887 of 742,000 tons. "The 'Weekly Statistical Position,' an organ devoted to the sugar interests, in its last issue for 1887 says : Under the continued influence of advancing mar kets in all producing countries, the year closes with the general feeling that a corresponding rise must soon take place in the United States. "How about the rumored formation of a pool of local manufacturers for the pui pose of advancing the price of sugar?" asked the reporter. . "It is all nonsense, and what is more, it would oe impossible. The New York dealers, in case of a rise, would throw their goods on the market and break any combination of local dealers." Gustave Spreckels gave similar opin ions on the prospects of the market and said : "I think that sugar has been at its bottom price, and I look for an increase until the next European beet sugar is marketed. If the crop is large and there is not an increase in consumption the prices may soften, but this will not occur before next September. "The California Sugar Refinery Com pany have been experimenting lately upon the cost of production of beet sugar compared with cane sugar. The experi ments made have encouraged us to erect works at Alvarado and Watsonville, and we contemplate building refineries in all sections of the State adapted to the culti vation of the ?ugar beet. These differ ent refineries will have a capacity for an annual production of 5,000 tons each. "Beet sugar, when refined by the im proved methods, is of as fine a quality as that derived from cane, experts being unable to detect the difference in the two productions." The Directors of the American Sugar Refinery Company are not in favor of the sugar beet industry. One of them in conversation yesterday said: "The American Company is not yet prepared to give np the refining of cane sugar. It would be disastrous for us to do so. Many of the principal stockholders of the corporation are Hawaiian planters. Sugar raising on the islands has been, and is to-day, a profitable business, and I think that cane sugar can be produced as cheaply as beet. The American Com pany will continue to manufacture the former until it is demonstrated that the Litter can be more profitably produced." IN A FRENCH PAWNSHOP. 3Iioe c'oiirr. BEFORE POLICE JUSTICE DAYTON. Thursday, January 26th. Jack Sullivan and three kanakas were eack fined $6 for drunkenness. Ah Sam was sentenced to forty days imprisonment at hard labor for being a gross cheat. An appeal was noted. Three other cases were continued. Going Through the Whole Experience of Pledging Proving One's Identity. A person curious to see something of the working of the Paris Mont de Piete can do so without pawning any of hi3 property. He can mingle with the crowd whom necessity or vice has brought there without risk of. being questioned by offi cials or being stared at inquisitively, for every one is too intent upon his own busi ness to give any thought to others. But to obtain a vivid impression of the differ ent circles of this inferno it is necessary to go through the whole experience of pledging and redeeming. No one who did this once could possibly wish to re peat the experiment. The lazar house or the prison can alone offer a parallel to the depressing influences of the Mont de Piete. We will take for illustration the one in the Rue Bonaparte, which is an offshoot to the parent house in the Rue des Blancs Manteaux. but which is itself vast enough to quarter a large Ixxly of soldiers. It is entered from the street by an archway, over which hangs a .dirty tricolor. A sentry is also posted as a further token of authority. The passage leads to a court surrounded by buildings which are the offices and storehouses of the Mont de Piete. Those who come to pledge single out the door on which the word "En gagements" is painted. It leads to a low room, so dimly lighted that on entering the details cannot be distinctly seen. The floor is paved with tiles and the walls and ceiling are almost black with dirt. The air is dense, stifling and malodorous. There are twenty or tluriy people waiting here some standing, others sitting upon benches placed against the walls. All are silent, or they speak under their breath. At least half of them belong to what may be termed the respectable working class; others wear all the signs of abject misery and vice; others, again, belong to the impenetrable, well dressed class, re specting whose position in life only guesses can be made. At the opening through which cmes the glare of the lamp is a counter, toward which people make their way as they en ter. On the other side of it a man in a blouse appears every few minutes, takes a bundle or a box that has been placed on the counter, gives a metal number in ex change for it, and disappears. The per son who has given up the article he has come to pledge waits attentively until he hears his number called out by "somebody whom he does not see, but who is on the other side of a wooden partition that serves for one of the walls of the room. At the same time this oflicial calls out the amount which the Mont 'de Piete is pre pared to lend upon the article or articles which correspond to ihe number. The owner sometimes grumbles at the sum offered, but the almost invariable reply is 4 'Bien, monsieur. ' ' The functionaries do not condescend to bargain with the crowd in the waiting room, whom they treat as if they were paupers applying for relief. The sum having been agreed to, it may be supposed that the money is then paid over the counter and the business ended. Not at all; such a plain and straightfor ward proceeding would be contrary to the most sacred traditions of French of ficial practice. Much forma lit-lias to le gone through and much writing to be done before the transaction is complete. Meanwhile the applicant has to wait half an hour or even an hour, if there are many people before him, until he hears his number called out again. He now pushes open a swinging door in the yvooden partition, and follows a railed passage which brings him into the pres ence of two surly clerks sitting lehmd a counter. One asks questions and makes entries in a huge book, and the other fills up the pawn tickets, which are sheets of paper closely printed and written over, and pays the money. The applicant must state his name, address and profession. Then he must show papers to prove that he is telling the truth. If it should hap pen that he has not brought with liim the receipt for the last rent he paid, or some other document to prove his identit-, he is sent away without the money. St. James' Gazette. ill fl Absolutely Pure.' This rowdcr n ever varies A marvel or purity. Strength and vho'.csomeness. More economical ttian the ordinary kind.-: . and cannot be scld m con petitio i with the multitude of low test, short weight, alum orphcpiintc powders. Sold OSLYp r-k Hoyai E-iiiisa rowEEu Co.. 106 Wa&6& M. V. WM. T. COLEMAX A- CO., Asenls, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. d (W Ed. Hoffsclilasger & Co., KING STREET, Opposite 'Messrs. Castle fc Cookv'm. -AND- BETHEL STREET, Opposite P. 0. A new Invoice of Ladies and Girls' Underwear, CHILDREN'S FANCY WASHING DRESSES, Infant's Outfits. ALSO Mens ami Youth's Clothing:, Boots nnul Shoes, aiitl lints. Furiiisliirig Goods In General. ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO. In the Supreme Court of the Haw a liau Islnufls. In the matter of G. ON C1IONG, Of Honolulu, agaiust whom a petition for adjudication was liied on the 12th day of January, I808, in said Court. J IN BANKRUPTCY Before Mr. Justice. Dole. The first iron boat is thought to have been built in 1777 on the River Foss, in Yorkshire. It was fifteen feet long and made of sheet iron. In the center of the tobacco ware houses at tVe London docks' there is an immense kiln, which is kept continually burning, day and night, and goes by the name of the queen's tobacco pije. The English government has a different way of treating confiscated articles than that in use in this country, one of them being to utilize them as fuel for what is termed the queen's smoking. "Whenever mer chandise is seized for nonpayment of duty, or because it is considered under the law as in a damaged or unsalable condition, it is taken to this great kiln and burned there, the owners having no remedy. The only utilization that is made of these seizures is from the sale of the ashes from the furnace, wliich, to the amount of a great many tons a month, are sold by auction to chemical works, and to farmers and others to be used in enriching fae soil. There is a similar but smaller queen's tobacco pipe m the government tobacco warehouses at Liverpool, these two forming the points of destruction for all merchandise in the Unit! Records in Purple Ink. During Gen. Grant's term as president one of his cabinet officers discovered that the records of an important branch of one of the departments liad been for two years written in purple ink. He at once issued an order forbidding its use in the department, purchased a new set of books, into which two years' records were copied, and thus saved what in a few years would otherwise have been lost. It is one of the problems of chem istry to rind something winch will make permanent tho beautiful aniline colors, but thus far all efforts have failed. It is growing more and moe the custom to have deeds, contracts and valuable docu ments printed on a typewriter in aniline ink. This is a great mistake, because in a few years they are sure to be obliter ated. The Argonaut. The Sun is Not Blue. A 3-ear ago Professor Langley, the dis tinguished American astronomer, per formed an experiment in the theatre of the Royal institution to show that tho true color of the sun is blue. He argued that the atmosphere cut off a large pro portion of the blue rays, and that, if the observer could get beyond it, the sun would look blue. Capt. Abney, in a lecture on "Sunlight Colors," "rejected this experiment, adopting Prof. Langley 's figures with mathematical accuracy, but dispensing with his paper disks, which this lecturer held vitiated the result, and he showed that the color of the sun was not blue, but very nearly tliat of the white light to be seen at high elevations in a clear, dust-free atmosphere. London Telegraph. The 20th day of January, 1S88. Upon reading the said petition, and upon proof before me taken, I do find that the said G. On Chong has become a bankrupt within the true intent and meaning of the Act approved on the -yth day of August, 1884, entitled "An Act to regulate proceedings iu bankruptcy in the Ha waiian Islands." And I do hereby declare and adjudge him bank rupt accordingly. And I do further order that the creditors of the said bankrupt come in and prove their debts be fore such Justice of the Supreme Court as shall be sitting in Chambers at Aliiolani Hale, Hono lulu, on the :k)th day of January, 183, between the hours of ten o'clock in the forenoon and noon of the said day, and elect one or more as signee or assignees of the said bankrupt's es tate. And that notice thereof be published in the "Daily Pacific Commercial Advertiser," news paper, published in Honolulu, in the English language. And that the said bankrupt shall immediately file 'With the Clerk of this Honorable Court a schedule of his creditors and assets, as required by the said Act. SANFORD B. DOLE, Justice of the Supreme Court. Attest; HENRY SMITH, Deputy Clerk. 5t By the S. S. Australia, J annary lOth., The Following Variety of Apples: New Tom Pippin, Greenings, Belle Fleur, Baldwin, Oregon Apples, Oregon Pears. HARD AND SOFT SHELL NUTS. Italian Chestnuts. Peanuts. Smyrna Figs. Cal. Oranges. SICILY LEMONS. Woman and Her Work. "Could a man make a shirt for six cents?" asks Charles Dudlev Warner in Harper's. "No! What lirnit is there to a woman's ambition or performance! She drives a stage, plays the violin, sews, sings, dances, acts, paints (both in oil and water colors), teaches, is a clerk, a typewriter, a typesetter, an editor, a marvelous producer of short stories (said by critics to be the most difficult art in the world), a telegrapher, and as a yeller through the telephone probablv will never have an equal. Go where you will there is woman, lovely or plain, ready to cure, to chide, to guide, to aid, to instruct, to amuse, to rule, to lead, and lwint tho way for halting man.' On Consignment Potatoes and onions, canned iruits, jams and jellies, tomatoes; tuau, t;i;rai eraies 01 prime cabbage. white heart California - Fruit Market, Kins' Street. NOTICE. M ESSRS. J. E. BROWN & CO. AJtr. attttto'R ized to collect subscrintio PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER. Honolulu, Jannary 17, 1888. TJ"r3 -m- . 8. H. BROWN T. J. BASS & CO. Importers of and Dealers in Artists' - Materials, Paints, Oils, Glass, Tarnishes, Turpentine Manufacturers of Mouldings, Picture , ' , Frames, etc., etc., etc. 14 ami 16 Ellis Street near Market, 8AN FRANCISCO, CAL. , 63lmayl4tf JJMHrfisttntms. Underwear ! Underwear A FULL AND COMPLETE STOCK OF LADIES' MUSLIN UNDERWEAR A T T II E 1 Popular Millinery 1G4 Fort St.s Honolulu, N. S. SACHS, PKOPKIETOIi. House Low, Square Ladies' Chemises. vui, aim jruou ruling, 111 x nun, rme and V Liadies5 Skirt Chemise. ai:cv Ten Dozen Extra Large Size, Fine Cambric and Trimmed with -i will be Offered at a Sacrifice. whroider Ladies' jVXother Hubbard N"ighfc Q0wa Plain Tucked Yokes, Lace or Embroidery, very handsome and well m tdo Ladies' "White Skirts. . An Immense Variety at Low Prices, Handsome Embroidered Skirts, Linen Lace Trimmed Skirts, Kuflled and Tucked Skirts at Priivs 1- I.-.M.. E the Times Ladies' Corset Covers. Low, Cut Square, Neatly Made, and Good Fitting High Necked Cor-i tv, with Embroidery Yoke. 1 u,?n SPECIAL BARGAIN Imlies' Merino Vest? .lO Ioz. Vests, Uijrli Aeck, KHorf Slopes, i .WVVut LADIES' BLACK SILK HOSE A fine assortment, all sizes, all offer a fine Black Silk Hose at $2, the best value in town. qualities. L 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN. 18Sc! BUILDER 75 and 77 Kino- Street, - - - - Honolulu Bell Telephone No. 275. es Mutual Telephone 65. J O I I NT NOT rX c-: tCTy i WS,Vo:S'f ?' S',vS-.''.jA. Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping Ooottn. Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet. ' Iron Wort R7 H. E. Mclntyro & Bro., IMPORTERS AND DEALKKM IN (xroceries, Provisions and Feed EAST CORNER FORT AND KINO STREETS. PrcAnZll Li T by e.7ery Packet from the Eastern KtatPS anrl Europe. rsh Cnliforn! Htv trL L f y 8tea?Jf r- A!1 -rs faithfully attended to. and Goods delivers! to any part of the S'Lhrenno Tch"P- lHland orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. PostoDice Kox No. M IT 0110 1 111 IM MAMMOTH SHIPMENT OP II AT AND Just received and Sale at GRAIN, for LOWEST MARKET PRICE. OIOX FEEI CO., II. F00K LUN & CO., 113 Nuuanu Street, IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, Fire Crackers, New Designs in Cups and Saucers, Tea, Cigars, and all kinds of Fancy Goods.' Regular shipments by every steamer. 7 CARRIAGE COMPANY. IIKST-CLASS CAR WAGE? Atall honrs d&v and nifibt, with comt drivers and steadv borpei. teot TO LET! SADDLE HORSES, BUGGIES, WAG ONETTES, VILLAGE CARTS AND BRAKES, With good, reliable horses. Having just received a fine lot of Horses from California inducements tj We are prepared to offer extra parties wanting Family, Road, Express or i' Horses. Guaranteed as represented or ;,4 t 2 a i a. j. t as Tuva TTt QO r-r ft Pin J 1 riites iv suit ice iiiues vr ex - MILES & HAYLEY, 727je24tf Hawaiian Hotel StaM' ISTOTlOB. MRS. A. M. M ELLIS having removed dressmaking establishment to No. 17 Emma Street, bet POST OFFICE BOX NO. 255. pa Jy Will be pleased to se her friends and there from and after Jannary 3, 1888. Bell Tlerhone 410. 1m Mutual iff trOD ft ir l,MfM