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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, JANUARY 31, 1888.
T.iS DAILY P Commercial Adverser IP PUBLISHED EYFRY MORNING. t:tr of KunsriuiTiox, Per annum ?S 00 Six moat'i .... .. 3 00 Per mont ) 50c flf-Sn?HTi pilosis Payable Always In Advance. Communications from all parw of the Kingdom ill always be very acceptable. Persona res!dln? in any part of the United States can remit the amount of subscription due by Post Office money order. Matter Intended for publication in the editorial colnmns should be addressed to Karros. Pacific Commkrciaz. Abvektiseb. Business communications and advertisements 3bouU' be addressed simply P. C. Advkktiskb, nd not to individual Pacific Commercial Advertiser rs i-w for sale daily at the FoIIow'n ' ': i. H.SOFER....- . - Merctisn sir A. U HEWET ". Merchant street T. ti. xilRUM Fort street M.STit.. LMASN Hawaiian Hotel Five Cent. per Ciy. TUESDAY January 31st THE CARE OF INEBRIATES. In the current number of the "Anjrli can Church Chronicle" the editor su geste 1 that there should be some kinu of a home for inebriates, instead of send ing them to the Insane Asylum or the jail. Certainly these are not exactly the places tor such persons. Tne In spector oi Lunatic Asylums in London, Dr. McGregor, recently presented a lengthy report, and the "Daily News" iu an article refers to tiie report as fol io vh : It is to be regretted that every British colony ha not yet established asylums for the cure oi inebriates. The Cape, for ex ample, has thus far done nothing in this direction, although there are indications that public opinion in that. colony will not remain much longer in a lethargic state. In New Zealand, on the other hand, a steady advance has been made on the sub ject. Mr. D. Macgregor, Inspector of Lu natic Asylums, in a recent report, urges the claims of inebriates to the further con sideration of the Government. He objects to the use of Lunatic Asylums for all elassea of such patients. He admits that it is difficult to separate those in whom actual disease ias begun from those "whose sodden systems and weakened wills require simply imprisonment and compulsory work, say for one month at least," but he thinks that such a separa tion may be made. What such persons require is that they should be placed under restraint long enough to enable the sys tem to throw off' the alcoholic poison, and to give the mind some chance of recover ing its balance. Towards sufferers from delirium tremens, Mr. Macgregor would adopt more stringent measures. They should, he thinks, at first be medically treated for a time in the remand ward of a hospital, and then sent to jail to work for three momths on "a liberal diet." He proposes that patients whose minds are really unhinged should become inmates of the ordinary asylums; but for dipso maniacs, i. e., those persons whose latent insanity disappears with the withdrawal of alcohol, he -advocates special treatment; and he states that the Government are making satisfactory arrangements for dealing with such cases. New Zealand, in this instance, as in some others, has shown a praiseworthy desire to keep abreast with modern reforms. charges of foot as well as of horse ; and tenacity will prove aain to be the master of dash. Much is written on the value of the offensive and defensive, to the prejudice of the latter; but while the finest soldiers always manage to com bine the two methods, it is foolish in these days to undervalue the merits of the defensive. Gravelotte was lost to the French not because they defended a position, but because the reserves were in the wrong place, and were not ready to assume the offensive at the critical stage of the fight. And the victorious tactics of the Germans were practicable on that day solely because they had the advantage of numbers. When General Boulanger recommends the offensive on all occasions, he gives bad advice, and the only consolation from a French point of view, is that it will not be taken. The lesson of the American and the Franco German wars is that, where the com manders on each side are nearly equal , he is repulsed who is the assailant, un less he can bring up larger numbers and turn the flank of a position. Inspire the troops, by all means, with a burning de sire to go forward and press on with un fair' ring vigor; but let the officers take cio that their men are 'not pushed or led ;i to useless slaughter. The prospect is ,.ot exhilarating. Looking ahead, we can only say that the warfare of the future is alike uncertain in its character by land and sea. MR. EDISON'S PHONOGRAPH. Another Marvel of Scientific Ine- iuit3'. WAR IN THE FUTURE. It will certainly be a curious result of time if "bloated armaments," the use of Scientific discoveries, and a reliance on fortification, should, says the "Specta tor," bring us back to campaigns model led on those waged in the reign of Queen Anne. The warfare which pre ceded the advent of Gustavus was one of sieges, and a battle was an accident. Conde, Turenne, Montecuculi, and Marl borough combined both methods; Fred erick sieged little, marched and man oeuvred much; but the .large free dom of movement did not pre vail until the age of Napoleon. The forts and fortresses, not so long ago abandoned, have now re turned, and an invader who desires to go from the Niemen to Berlin, or from the Rhine to Paris, will have to besiege JE blockade, or carry by assault those ob stacles in his path. rallicia and Belg ium are open ; but the Maritime Alps bristle with forts, and Holland still relies upon its inundations. Nevertheless, as the "best laid schemes o' mice and men gang aft ailey," it is not improbable ti at the mighty defensive arrangements m y fail, or be circumvented in some u.i looked for way, and there may be aga.n manoeuvres and battlt-Who can say how they will be fought? WTho can say that superior crafi, backed by judicious daiing, will not once' more contrive to be superior in number on the decisive point, and that, like a house of cards, a whole section of carefully prepared de fences will not go down before the vic torious wind of a single battle? The days are gone by when the issue of such a conflict could be decided by the "rush . of a wild boar." The ehatteringast of modern cm n anA i,:i t s r f neaaiongSj s c a smali electric motor, run by i Mr. Edison claims to have made im provements in his phonograph which ate extraordinary. In a recent conver sation he thus describes them: "You know I finished the first phonograph more than ten years ago. It remained more or less of a toy ; the germ of some thing wonderful was perfectly distinct, but I tried the impossible with it. When the electric light business assumed com mercial importance I threw everything overboard for that. Nevertheless, the phonograph has been more or less con stantly in my mind. When resting, my mind reverted almost automatically to the old idea. Since the light has been finished I have taken up the phono graph, and, after eight months' steady work, have made it a commercial inven tion. I expect to see it in every busi ness office. The first 500 I hope will be ready for distribution at the end of Jan uary. "The operation is simplicity itself. A merchant who wishes to send a letter has only to set the machine in motion and talk in his natural voice at the usual rate of speed into the receiver. When he lias finished a sheet or phono graph, as I call it, it is ready for putting into a little box made on purpose for the mails. We are making sheets three sizes one for letters of 800 or 1,000 words, another of 2,000, another 4,000. The receiver of the phonogram will put it into his apparatus and the message will be given out more clearly than the best telephone message ever sent. The tones of the voice in two phonographs I have finished are so perfectly rendered that o e can distinguish between twenty different persons, each of whom said a few words. The great advantage is that the letter can be repeated a thousand times if desired. The phonogram will not wear out by use. It may be put away for a hundred years, and be ready the instant it is needed. If a man dic tates his will to the phonograph, there will be no disputing the authenticity of the document. The cost of making a phonograph is scarcely more than that of an ordinary letter paper machine. It will read a message at the same speed as it is dictated. I have experimented with a device for enabling printers to set type directly from the dictation of the phono graph, and think it will work perfectly. It is so arranged that the printer, by touching a lever with his foot, allows five or ten words to be sounded. If not satisfied with the first hearing, it can re peat. "For musicians the phonogram is go ing to do wonders, owning to the ex treme cheapness Frith which I can dupli cate the phonograms, and the delicacy with which it gives out all musical sounds. In the early phonograph, ten 3'ears ago, though imperfect and crude, it was noticed that musical sounds came out peculiarly well. It would whistle and sing far better than it would talk. This peculiarity remains. I have taken down the music of an orchestra, and the result is marvellous. Each instrument can be perfectly distinguished. The strings are perfectly distinct; violins even from violoncellos, wind instru ments and wood, all are heard even the notes of the singer. The violin over tones are distinctly audible to a delicate ear. A selection for any instrument or for an orchestra, or the whole act of an opera, including musical instruments and voices, can be given out by the phonograph with a beauty of tne and distinctness past belief, and the dupli cate apparatus for phonograms is so cheap that the price of music will be scarcely worth considering. As the phonogram is practically indestructible by ordinary use, such music can be played over and over again. "My first phonograph consisted simply of a roller-carrying foil, and provided with a diaphragm point turned by hand. There is far more complication in the new phonograph, but altogether different very few cells. Strange to say, I found more difficulty in getting a motor to suit me than any other part of the apparatus. I iried various kind of clockwork and spring motors, but found them untrust worthy and noisy. The motors I am making are absolutely steady and noise less. The principle of -the new phono graph is the same as tbe old vibrating diaphragm armed with short point in dents moving a sheet of metal according to the vibrations caused in the diaph ragm by the wave sound striking upon it.' ' The Bine Ribbon and It. S. S. Editor P. C. A. In yesterday's issue of the "Gazette" appeared a letter from R. S. S., headed " The Bish op and the Blue." The writer re fers to the Bishop preaching against temperance, and says that no one insists more on temperance than the Bishop does. If so, then why did the Bishop go out of his way to make an attack on temperance organizations. There were several members of the Blue Ribbon League present at St. Andrew's Cathe dral who heard the Bishop deliver this sermon. I do not think the Bishop will be much flattered when he finds R. S. S. is standing up for him in the cause of temperance. But I am positively pained on reading the attack R. S. S. makes on the officers of the Blue Riboon League. Those very men have clothed and fed R. S. S. ; have visited him at the Station House and also when he was undergoing punishment for drunkenness. The done a great deal have put themselves League have for him, and to considerable trouble and expense to keep R. S. S. in the right path. For all this he turns round and ridicules the League and its officers. What a heartless wretch the man must be. The Blue Ribbon League has done, and is still doing good work. It has not ceased as a temperance so ciety, as R. S. S. states. Efforts are made to reach young men every day. Many efforts have been made to reach B. S. S., but he is a hopeless case, and I believe the worst one the League has had to deal with. As to spite or ani mous against Mr. Bishop Willis, I have none whatever, nor have never been in his employ. When he or any other par son attacks a worthy organization from the pulpit they must take the conse quences. Yours truly, Blue Ribbon. R. S. S. came to this office the other day with almost a fac simile of the communication which appeared in the "Gazette." We declined to publish it on the ground that he was not a fit person to write on the subject of tem perance. We are still strongly of the same opinion. R. S. S. was asked if he heard the Bishop's sermon. He said he did not, but he knew the Bishop would not preach in such a way. To satisfy ourselves we made inquiries from seTi eral persons, and found, as our corre spondent has stated, that a sermon was preached by the Bishop against temper ance organizations, and that Mr. Gowen referred to it in the same evening. Tem perance is a subject R. S.. S. should leave quietly alone. Ed. ' The Late William Turner. The late William Turner was born at Liverpool, England, about 60 years ago. His father kept a jewelrv store. Young William, or Bill, as the boys used to call him, left England in 1852 for the Aus tralian gold fields, arriving at Melbourne the same year. He followed mining for some time, and afterwards worked at his trade in Melbourne for several years. The deceased next visited Sydney , and from there to the country towns in New South Wales, including Goullmen and Yass, Jin the Southern part of the Colon'. In Wrest Maitland, a city on the banks of the Horatio River, he run a pros perous business as watchmaker for a period of fifteen years. His love for travel caused him to leave there, and he journeyed to San Francisco, where he carried on business on Battery street. In 1S31 he came to Honolulu, and opened out in one half of the store at that time occupied by Mr. J. Lynch as a shoe store, on King street. He moved to a store a little farther down, and con tined business in it to within a few days of his death. Mr. Turner was a thorough mechanic, and bore the reputation of being a very honest man. His many friends in the Colonies will regret his demise. While in San Francisco he became an Ameri can citizen, and having died intestate, his effects were taken charge of by the American Consul General. The latter directed the funeral arrangements. ' The German Benevolent Society. At a meeting of the German Benev olent Society, Mr. H. W Schmidt, Pres ident, and John Eckardt, Secretary, were unanimously re-elected, but in place of Mr. H. Lose, who positively re fused to accept office again, Mr. Jules Hoting was appointed Treasurer. By the request of the President three trustees were elected to receive and to invest the funds of the Society, and the chairman nominated H. A. Widemann, F. A. Schaefer and J. p. Hackfeld. As assisting committee the meeting elected Messrs. H. A. WTidemann, J. Hopp and H. Lose. The Society has assisted a large num ber of poor und sick pec pie at an ex pense of about $2,400 in two years in spite of the small number of members, about 50 only. Bulletin. The Trmefjr Birds. Tribnre and Farmer. The farmer and fruit-grower who has cultivated habits of observation, says a western entomologist, .will soon come to know those birds of most value as insect destroyers. Wrens devour great numbers of cutworms. The crow black bird picks up any larva? it may find in the furrows. o would crows if al lowed. They will neither of 'them pull corn if some of the soaked grain is strewed over the planted field. The robin is a pest among small fruit, when ripening, but at all other seasons a friend to the fruit-growers, and at ail times beneficial to the farmer and gar dener. Of fruit-eaters, robins, thrushes, cat birds, bluejays, cherry-biris, orioles and others of that class are well-known. They never in ure the grain farmer, and the horticulturist only during the fruit season. Barn owls are inveterate mousers, and in summer time feed on night-flying moths and beetles. They are valua ble in destroying mature insects, thus preventing the laying of their eggs. The hawks eat mice, frogs, grasshoppers, snakes, li ards, beetles, small birds and various vermin, according to their spe cies. The crow is an omnivorous eater, but eats less corn than any other food. The proportion of hawks that kill chick ens are not more in number, relatively, than of man-eating tigers. The food of blackbirds consists of cut worms, wire-worms and the larvae of destructive butterflies. The climbers include woodpeckers and cuckoos. Nearly all are exclusi ve insect-eaters. The sapsucker alone is destructive to trees. The yellow-billed cuckoo common in the northwest is especially destructive to the American tent-caterpillar. Wrens and bluebirds are exclusive in sert eaters, the bluebirds taking canker worms and coddling moths. The white breasted nuthatch and American creeper live e clusively on tree insects. The finch, lark and plover tribes eat in sect larv i. The meadow lark seeks un derground larv;:. The plover eats grasshoppers, beetles, gnats, etc. All the warblers destroy a great variety of small insects. The land game birds, although classed as gramnivorous, eat more largely of in sects than other food. Birds of doubtful utility so classed to the horticulturist, but not injurious to the farmer, except the bluejay which destroys the nests of small birds of great utility are: Robin, catbird, brown thrash, red-headed woodpecker shrike, or butcher-bird, and the blue jay. There are really but two, the blue; ay and the oriole if we except the hawk and larger owls of this class that are injurious to the farmer. A decent man will not kill singing birds, and game birds only in their season. Let the boys of the farm be instructed in the same direction. 0m m $mm P Wmm m isrv$ f?TO&u oa Absolute!? Pum . Thlspowder never wirier. A marvel of purity, strength o:id v h Icscmcr:cs-. More economical ttian tho orI i nary km 1, an i cannot bcscld in com pctitioi v.iui tho r.ii:it;tule of Iov rest, short weight, aluri onof phute powders. Sold ONLY 12 CANS. IkAI 1'OWBiH. CO.. 103 Wali-gtW w y. WM. T. COLE3IAX & CO.. Agents, SAN FRAN CISCO. CAL. d gw Ed. Hoffschlaegsr & Co., KING STREET, Opposite Messrs. Castle fc Cooke's. AND BETHEL STREET, Opposite P. 0. A new Invoice of Ladias and Girls Underwear, CHILDREN'S FANCY WASHING DRESSES, Infant's Outfits. ALSO JEens ana Youth's riothlnr, Buot And Shoes. anl lints. Furnishing- Goods In General. ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO. dfew aSTOTiaK;. MESSRS. J. E. BROWN & CO. ARE AUTHOR ized to collect subscriptions for the dally PACIFIC COMMERCIAL) ADVERTISER. Honolulu, January 17, 1883. T. J. BASS B. H. BBOWN T. J. BASS & CO. importers or and Dealers in Artists' - Materials, Paints, Oils, Glass, Varnishes, Turpenrin; Manufacturers of Mouldings, Picture Frames, etc., etc, 6tc. 14 and 16 EZlis Street near Market, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. - 631maylUf Underwear! Underwear A FULL AND COMPLETE STOCK OF LADIES' MUSLIN UNDERWEAIt AT THE Popular Millinery House, 1G4 Fort St., Honolulu, N. S. SACHS, PEOPEIETOB. Ladies5 Chemises. Low, Square Cut, and Good Fitting, in Plain, Fine and Fan Ladies9 Skirt Chemise.s Ten Dozen Extra Large Size, Fine Cambric and Trimmed with lw , will be Offered at a Sacrifice. nuroirfeir Ladies' jVXother Hubbard ISTight G-ovn$ Plain Tucked Yokes, Lace or Embroidery, very handsome and well made Ladies' "White Skirts. An Immense Variety at Low Prices, Handsome Embroidered vi 5, Linen Lace Trimmed Skirts, Ruffled and Tucked Skirts at Price to? Ladies' Corset Covers. Low, Cut Square, Neatly Made, and Good Fitting High Necked Corset CV. with Embroidery Yoke. ' SPFiPJTA Ti TAT?ftATT f i"' M'Tino vests-so ioZ. ine mpJ OJTHiOliiXl .BlitUrAllX I Vests, 1UKH Sock, nort looesar5i LADIES' BLACK SILK HOSE A fine assortment, all sizes, all qualities offer a fine Black Silk Hose at $2, the best value in town. Skirts the Times. 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN. 1886 BUILDER. 75 and 77 Kinp- Street - - - - Honolulu Kell Telephone No. 275. 65 Mutual Telephone Km.6.1. J O FIJNT "NOT T, Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping Goods. Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Woi mm 1 H. JE. JVXelntyre & Bro., IMPORTERS AND DFALK US IN Groceries, Provisions and Feed EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. New Ooods rppivpd w Produce by every steamer. A city rree or charge. Island Telephone No. 92 jci. rulifori j nuuj tut? jLinsiern sraies ana jiirup. -' c - t 11 orders faithfully attended to. and anntin dplivf red to any part or -t orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Postollice box No. 11 MAMMOTH SHIPMENT HAY AND GKAIN, Just received and for Sale at LOWEST MARKET PRICE. UNION FEED CO., fJ. F00K LTJN & CO., 113 Nuuann Street, IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, NOTICE. MRS. A. M. MELLIS having removed t dressmaking establishment to No. 17 Emma Street, Will be pleased to see her friends and pat there from and after January 3, 1888. j Bell Telephone 410. lm Mutual By the S. S. M January 10 th M Fire Crackers, New Designs in Cnps and Saucers, Tea, Cigars, and all kinds of Fancy Goods. Regular shipments by every steamer. POST OFFICE BOX NO. 255. ly The rolloulnz Variety oi AWX New Tom Pippin, Greenings, TCpIIp Flnnr. Baldwin, , Orefrnn Amies. Oregon" HARD AND SOFT SHELL W Italian Chestnuts. Peanuts. Kmvrno T?lV Cal. Of" SICILY LEMONS. r On Consignment-Potatoes and J cannea iruits, jais"u jv" ,:fe also, several crates of prune wn" cabbage. Fruit Mai California Illn'sr Street i i