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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, FEBRUARY 8, 1888.
EZT SUPERIORITY OF DUTCH RICE. 3 The Process by Which It la Milled and Polished Kept a Secret. New York Sun. The finest rice is known as Dutch rice, and comes from Amsterdam. It is grown in . ava and milled and polished in Am sterdam by some peculiar process which American millers are very anxious to learn. The "Dutch rice" has more per fect grains, a better luster, and is less Lroken than rice milled in this country. Many attempts have been made to learn tbe Dutch process, but they guard it with jealous care and allow no one in their mills. It is suspected that they use oil. as the rice when confined in a bag for some time gives the cloth a soft, greasy feeling. Recently the state department sent out a circular to consular orlk ers requesting information concerning the preparation of rice. The consuls hud no better luck than other people. They recently reported that the manufacturers "declined to divulge the secret, saying that it was of the ut most value for them to preserve it, and that they would not furnish the method to their own government. The Dutch rice is worth of a cent more per pound than other rice, simply because of its line appearance, but when cooked it is no bet ter than other rice. American millers are secretive about their own processes of milling, and decline to allow strangers to go through their works. The grain comes from the threshing mill as rough rice or paddy, and requires grinding to free it from the hulls. It is first screened to get rid of the sand, and 13 then passed between a pair of heavy stones, live feet across, to remove the outer husk. Thence it goes into large wooden mortars, the ironshod pestles to which weigh 210 to :-50 pounds each, and is pounded for two hours, when it is ready for screening. Some mills clean the rice by means of wire cards, without pounding. 1 inally the rice is screened into l our, broken rice, middling rice, arid prime rice. The prime rice passes into the polishing ir brushing screen, which is a vertical cylinder, laid up and down with shreds of sheepskin, and made to revolve within a wire screen. This cleans oil" the flour and gives a polish to the grains. 1 he best rice produced in this country is grown in south Carolina. The Chi nese consume a great deal of rice in this country, and ue only the best quality. The ma ority of 2s ew York families serve boiled rice as a sort of a paste, with the crrains all merged together. In the south, where its cooking is properly un derstood, it is served with every grain clean a.id distinct. It is eaten there as a vegetable with pepper and salt, while north it is regarded as a dessert and eaten with sis . ar or molasses. It is said that the rice should be put into salted water which n boiling hot. In five minutes the water should be drained oil, and the cov ered pot left for twenty minutes longer on the coals A Tiue Allegory. Eeautiful white-browed Truth sat at her dek in the editoria -room, calmly ud sweetly revising the circulation a:ridavits which had . ust been sent up from the business olfice. A weary, haggard Joke came in from the darkened street and tot tered feebly to a chair. The letters d t f were stenciled on the back of his flutter ing ulster. As he took his accustomed place the white browed gathered her white robes about her and prepared to leave, but a pleading look of loug enduring patience in the eyes of the Joke detained her. Where are 3rou going? " he asked MI am going to the composing room, n she said, "there is a new sub on slug x) to night, and i want to keep him from tell ing that he was the only man that could set u Horace Greeley's manuscript, and how he once set up the president s mes sage all alone in four hours, while the rest of the boys were out on a 'toot' as he calls it. " You look so young and beautiful, " said the poor Joke, "and yet there is but little difference between our ages. And I look at me! My gray beard reaches to my waist, my teeth are gone, my tottering knees scarce support my emaciated frame, 1 am bald aad half blind tell me " but his voice was choked with sobs. 'I am 3,000 years older than you," said Truth gentty, "but then I am always young. " "And T, n sobbed the miserable Joke, u I was alwars Old!" Truth paused; her heart yearned for the wretched outcast; she bent tenderly over him and drew a broad, blue pencil mark around him. and lo! radiant, fair as the morn, fresh and youthful, the Joke sprang into new being, the latest scintil lation of that peerless wag, the leading Americau humorist Trentinent of Insanity. Chicago ITeraM.1 Commenting upon the fact that there is one insane person to every .k0 Americans, :inil that the ratio has greatly increased in the last thirty years, a rsew l ork scientist says that an apparent cause Is the popular ( change of opinion regarding the treatment of insanity. Fifty years ago to be scut to an insane asylum ostracised one as com pletely as a term in the penitentiary. That is all changed, and a brief residence in an asylum is no more detrimental to social standing than a visit to Hot Springs or Florida. He does not regard our system of edu cation as a notably exciting cause of in sanity. The evidence is rather to the con trary, the great ma ority of the insane coining from the ranks of the ignorant, where nature has supplied little mental power to begin with and art has done less. Charcoal for Animals. i Chicago Tims. Charcoal is an antiseptic, aud may often be taken as a medicine with much beuetit. lo relieve the stomach from excess of acid and to promote digestion. It is a nnistake to suppose that birds and ani mals in a state of nature can not procure charcoal and would not use it if they could. lircs occur in the wilderness every season and charred trees are of com mon occurrence. 1 eer and birds eat this charcoal very freely, aud pigs roamin the woods are eager for it. When cha coal is not attainable rotten wood is eaten as a substitute. llassianizinc the Keltic 1'roviuces. Foreign Letter. The czar is quite determined, it seems, to Russianize the Baltic provinces of his empire. Tbe uermau language is to give place to the Russian, for orlicial pur poses, and woe be to them who stand in the way The mayors of Fdga and Revel .have been dismissed by his majesty's orders, not. as it appears, for refusing to talk Russian, which perhaps they could not do, but for objecting to the com pulsory sulstitutioa of. Slavonic for Teu tonic. So Natural. A Detroit cirl drew a door-mat. with a crayon on the front door-step, and it was j so natural that several callers tried to I jive it a wipe. THE LOVERS. Oeorge Eliot Two lovers by a mosi-grown spring; They leaned soft cheeks together there. Mingled the dark and sunny hair, And heard the wooing thrushes sing. O bu-Ming time I O love's blest prima I Two parents by the evening fire; The red light fell about their knees On hea ?s that rose by slow degrees Like buds upon the lily spire. O patient life I O tender strife! The red light shone upon the floor Aud made the space between them wide, They drew their chairs up side by side, Their pale cheeks joined and said, "One m3rel" O memories I O past that is! Phelim O'Toole, the Fireman. New Orleans Times-Democrat. At the meeting of the National Associa tion of Fire Engineers at Long Brancfc the feature of the reception at the Oceaa hotel was a story told by ez-( hief Sexton, of St. Louis. " Phelim O'Toole, " said Mr. Sexton, "was an Irish sailor, whe came into the St. Louis fire department while I was the chief. A better, braver, or hardier worker I never had under me. It was only when he had whisky in hirr that he was contrary, and then he was a regular Tartar. But, as a rule, he was as strong as an ox and gentle as a child He was promoted for bravery until he became foreman of Skinner's truck, une bitter night in the winter of 1874 the Southern hotel caught fire. It was an awful fire. When all but one corner had been consumed wTe were hor ror stricken to find that Professor Keise, of Washington university, and his wife were in the sixth story. Phelim at oncf started up a ladder, taking a - rope will him. He was ninety-rive feet above the ground whea he found that the ladder was fifteen feet short. 'Take some sheets and tie one end up there and then let them drop!' he yelled. The professor was al most overpowered with smoke, but he did just what he was told In two minutes the sheets tied together were secured above and- the other end low ered to Phelim. The draught kept it out of his reach. He eyed il for a minute. There was a crowd of 0, 000 people watching him. Then he jumped for the sheet and caught it, and went up hand over hand till he got into the window. Then you would have thought that the people had gone crazy. Thej" cried and shouted and laughed at the same time. Well, to make a long story short, he got them down all right, and got down himself, too, just in time, for we had barely cleared the street when the walls fell, i helim got a medal, oi course. I?e was killed at a 10 fire in a cellar afterward by the explosion of an extinguisher. The whole town turned out at the funeral. Mr. and Mrs. Poise cried like babies over his grave, and thev often visit the crave now. " An Experience with Stewetl Snails. Philadelphia Cor. Cliicfio Tribune.l My curiosity had been aroused for some time at sight of a silver vessel standing on a tripod on the table, and kept hot by a silver lamp burning under it After coffee had been served Mme. Rhea re moved the lid of the vessel and helped me to some of its steaming contents. I con fess to a feeling of suspicion and repug nance at first, for the things lying on the pretty miniature plate were cooked snails. I was not enough of an epicure to yearn for such a mess, lihea went on eating her own portion with evident relish, say ing that she was intensely fond of the cieatures and always had them bought for her whenever they couki be obtained, though the cost sometimes made her winca With itochefort cheese, she de clared, they are "seemply b'eesfuL " She was watching me out of the corner of her bright eyes, and I suspect that she is in the habit of springing snails upon visitors, not so much for the pleasure to be. had from eating them as for the fun of observing tbe ell'e t a sight of them pro duces upon her guests. I vowed men tally, like Casar in the case of the rancid salad oil, to eat or perish. I got some part of one or more of the creatures upon a dainty silver fork, 1 shut my eyes, opened nry mouth, and in it went And by the great horned spoon, it wasn't half bad The substance was as light as floating isl and, and tasted something like frog's legs. 1 went on eating with relish until all was gone, and when my gracious hostess sug gested more I, with a little feeling of tri umph, accepted. " I congratulate you, " said Rhea, with a frank laugh, "on having added one more thing to the list of those that will help to make your life agreeable. If peo ple would only shut their eyes to their prejudices, as you did to the dish, they would find stewed snails a very palatable article of diet. " To lie a Writer. fj. W. Dranvn irvTha Cnrre.it. 1 To be a writer; to be able to reach thou sands and convince hundreds; to please twenty and otl'end none; to create new characters and retouch older events; to correct errors and stimulate exertion; to encourage the lowly and check the haughty; to paint some soft tinges on the hard tragedy of everyday life around use is enough to inspire one s efforts, to excit, one s ambition, to reward one s undertak ing. More Than Forty Obelisks. rCh c:i?o HnId.J There are existing more than forty Egyptian obelisks; many of them are fallen and broken. There are seventeen of them in Italy, seven in England, two in France, two in Constantinople, and one in this country. The smallest is at Berlin, which is twenty-rive and a half inches high. An unfinished one in the quarries at Syene is estimated to weigh 1,500.0 JO pounds. It Broke Iliin Up. Washington Critic:. A member of congress who was a cav alry o.ticer during the war visited the new pension building the other day for the first tiie and had to be taken away in an ambulance, lie is said to have made the discovery that every cavalry man in the terra cotta bas-relief frieze around the building is holding the horse s reins in the right instead of the left hand The O d Theory. (Medic a Jour i at. Sleeping with the head to the north and the physical and mental advantages to be derived therefrom is a subject in which interest is being revived" A German physician of note was quoted many years ago as saying that he believed he had added at least a decade to his life, beside keeping his health perfect by this method r.erman Vital Statiatics. Vital statistics lately published show that in Germany the average life of men has increased during the last thirty years from 41.ii to 43. 9 years, or 5 per cent In women the increase is given at 8 per cent, the advance being from 4L9 to 432. 1 T-ord Tennyson's Pipe art Glass. London Cor. Philadelphia Press. Tenujson eschews London almost en tirely now and will never, as ho him self avows, visit it again except on com pulsion, and lives completely in a little world of his own. He is as fond now of a glass of sound port as wheu in " Will Waterproofs Monologue" he bade the plump head waiter at The Cock bring a pint of the vintage which had felt the glow of Lusitanian summers. I pon one occasion he pressed Mr. Irving to take a glass of the preciuus liquid. Mr. Irving did as he was desired, but not being a port wine drinker, sipped it Very slowly. Before he had finished it the decanter from which the bard had been automatic ally replenishing his goblet was empty. Lord Tennyson bade the butler bring a fresh supply, and, turning to his guest, said dryly: "Do 3rou always drink a bottle of ort, Mr. Irving, after dinner" The laureate, however, though endowed with an appreciation of wine, has always partaken sparingly of it. He has not practiced, aud ' does not practice now, a similar abstinence in the matter of to bacco. He smokes perpetually; a pipe always and by preference a long pipe of the kin t known as "churchwarden;" and at each of his houses he possesses a divan specially conceded to himself, in an upper story, whither he sometimes invites a friend to smoiic aud hear him read. 2s o mans habits could 'vary less. After an early break last he devotes an hour to his correspondence with his eldest sen. Then he smokes, meditates, writes, and occa sionally slroi.'s in his garden till lunch. He seldom misses taking this meal en famille, but very rarely talks while it is in progress. Should a happy inspiration have seized him after the mornings musings, he returns silently to his study and commits to paper the thought. lleiiitli of CotUOIinors. ( iiicarro News. A great variety of industrial employ ments are directly and largely productive of pulmonary disease, notabiy among stone-cutters, steel-grinders, iron miners, etc. Taking pulmonary consumption as a test disease of the hurtful effects of inhal ing metalic dust, there is a mortality of CD in every 100 sick needle makers, di minishing to 10 in every 100 sick brass-workers. Mineral dust causes a maximum death-rate from con sumption of t0 per cent, of the total mortality among grindstone-makers, ani mal dust causes 4.' per cent, aud dust from poisonous metals per ceut. of such mortality,respectiveiy,iu the workers exposed Of those exposed to vegetable dust, 00 out of every 100 deaths among the cotton, flax and hemp dressers are due to consumption, while among coii mincrs only a fraction of one in the 100 deaths is due to this causa Recent investigations show not only that consumption is not caused by coal- ; mining, but that this is the healthiest of j industrial employments. Looking to the ', longevity, high standard of health, and j low death-rate of coal miners, and to their j remarkable freedom from pulmonary di-5- j ease, there would seem to be some special j protective feature in coal-mining .opera- : tions not' shared by the rest of the dusty trades. It is surmised that this may be due to the antiseptic properties of the car- ; bon constantly inhaled Trees as a Protection from LigMn ing. CI lie: fiTO T m:fs. The electricians of the Old World are among the latest strong advocates f em ploying trees as protection from light ning. Investigation leads then to con clude that the greatest protection a build ing can have is to have tail trees near by. The branches are so many points con ducting the electricity by the trunk to the ground. As to what particular trees are the best for this purpose, there is some question, but all agree that tall growers are the most desirable; also that those with great branches are better than such as have spreading ones. Perhaps all tall-growing kinds, like oak, popiar, hickory, horse-chestnut, elm, pine or spruce, are of nearly equal value. In planning to protect buildings a distance of fifty feet away would be proper. To have the trees closer there would be danger in case of a stroke of lightning that the fluid would follow the ground to the building. A small pond between the tree and the building would render tiie protection about complete. fixing the Iainl. Ar. aisw Traveler. The dunes of Gacony, according to a ifccent report by the inspector of French public works, cover a surface of more than 200,u0:j acres, and are more than -,V0 feet high and three or four miles wide. The fine sand composing them was for merly pushed constantly inland by the wind', covering fields and villages, and even burying churches up to their towers. Since 170 the diilicult task of fixing the sand hills by creating a growth of vegeta tion on them has been in progress, and has at length resulted in averting a great public danger and forming a fine forest. The formation of new dunes is prevented by the building of a wooden palisade, against which the sea raises so steep a bank that incline. no sand can be blown o .cr tbe llor the i'M-iese -May ISe Utilized. . fXfv York Time-. The similarity of Chinamen must be a source of unavailing regret to theatrical managers, who find themselves unable to collect a corps of even a dozen "supers " who can effectively create the illusion that they are a vast army by countermarching out at one wing and in at another. One of them is always recognized on his sec ond appearance by a striking protuber ance of nose or an abnormal curvature of leg. and hailed with unsympathetic mirth. Xo such disaster could befall a spectacular procession of Chinamen. Built Upon a 3i;irs!u ;Ph !a:leiphi.a Call. Amsterdam, the chief commercial city of liolland, is built upon what was once a marsh, or, worse than that, a sea. and is a vast marvel of massive water-works. dams, embankments and buttresses, built of very heavy stone above, but resting upon millions of pile3 below. Piles are, in fact, the support of the whole town; for the upper soil most of which has been brought in from distant places, is com posed of a sandy loam, which affords no firm support. A Cheerful Collection. Exchange. The anthropological congress which is iwn to be held at Home will have a cu rious feature in the collection of 700. skulls of criminals, numbered and class ified. To these will be added the photo graphs of 3,000 and the brains of more than 150 convicts, thousands of auto graphs, poems, sketches, and special struments, the work of criminals. in- The custom of compressing the of infants is rapidly dying out amongthe Flat-head Indians iu British Columbia. A famous French writer tells us that every man dies bravely who dies in com-p&ny. YOUTH. This poem by Robert Burn?, hitherto un published, has bean found in one of the poet's manuscript excise books and is given to the world bv Tne Dramatic lieview oi London, which indorses it as genuine. Youth is the vision of a morn That flias the coming day; It is the blossom on the thorn, Which wdd winds sweep away; It is the image of the sky In glassy waters seen, When not a clou 1 appears to fly Across the blue serene. But, when the waves begin to roar And lift their foaming heads, The morning stars appear no more Au i all tae heaven is fled. 'Tis fleeting as the passing rays Of bright electric fire Tbat flash about with sudden blaza And in that blaze expire. It U the morning's gentle gale That as it swiftly blows Scarce seems to sigh across the vale Or bend the blushing rose. But soon tbe gathering tempests soar And ail the sky deform; The gale becomes the whirlwind's roar, The sigh an angry storm. For Care, and Sorrow's morbid gloom, And heart-corruding Strife, And Weakness, pointing to the tomb, Await the Noon of Life. Lemons in Medicine and Cookery. Boston Fulsret. We know of a physician who used lemon juice in a case of small-pox, the only liquid given; and no other remedies. In thirty six hours the disease was under complete control, and in one week was entirely cured Hot lemonade, with flaxseed simmered in it for half an hour, then strained and Svveetened, is excellent for a cold, but, as it produces perspiration, it should be taken only upon retiring. The white of au egg beaten to a stiff froth and whipped up With the juice of a lemon, re lieves hoarseness and soreness of the chest at once, taken by the teaspoenful half hourly. lhe nice of two lemons taken in half a glass of water before each meal is a power ful remedv for rheumatism, and it is also considered almost a specific for inter mitteut fever. The iuice of one lemon taken three times a day in a cup of clear .strong coll.ee, will often cure chills and lever, when the disease is stubborn and unyielding to all other remedies. The pulp of a lemon bound on for three successive nights, is said lo cure corns, 1 1 j I ii ! 1 auu a lew pcan sniri-uuiions uissoived in the juice of one lemon, forms a thick. creamy ointment that will almost surely cure them. So we find the medicinal properties of' the lemon are many and varied; their value m culinary art is also great. lhe rind, thinly pared oft, is an agreeable flavoring for custards, creams and blauc mange. It should be cooked in the milk and removed before the other ingredients are added. The yelidw rind oni- is lit for use the white part is always bitter. Cost of the fur Io:. P'or. New Ycrk Tii iim?.l There was onto a people who wor shiped the cat; we sacrifice to the cur dog -i0,uoo,000 sheep annually. What a noble creature must be this cur dog' These 40, 00,0u0 sheep would supply all the wool we require, and, in addition to that from the sheep which the cur dogs kindly spare to us, would leave a good deal to scil abroad. What does the cur dog cost? i orty million sheep would produce -30,-000,000 worth of wool and $.jJ,000,000 worth of lambs. The cur dog, then, costs us in this way alone SUOO.OOO.OOO yearly, besides his food and the fowls and eggs he destroys, and the invaluable lives which are lost by reason of his bite and the dreadful hydrophobia. We laugh to scorn the ancient people who sacrificed to the neither harmless nor necessary cat, lut we ourselves worship the savage, unrelenting dog and sacrifice our invalua ble sheep to its bloodthirstiness. The Writer of Dime Novel. Brooklyn Eajjle. j The dime novelist or serial contributor is by no means such a contemptible figure, socially and intellectually con sidered, as he is frequently denounced. His stories are a "grind" from the incep tion, his humor the fag end of facetious creation. His pathos is forced, his dra matic situations ridiculous and often dragged in by the heels. The stuff is manufactured as a blacksmith welds iron, poutided together. But apart from all this he is a well- spoken, intelligent, original fellow. That is the mere routine of his business, but, personally, you will find him a delightful companion, whose ordinary conversation is spiced with wisdom and wit, not to be despised because its author may be seedy, self-complaisant, beer bibbing and tobacco smoking. llow Prairie Dogs Get Water. i Frontier Letter. It has always been a subject of curiosity and inquiry as to how aid where prairie dogs, living on the prairie, far away from any river or stream, obtain their water. Mr. F. i eech, a frontiersman of experi ence, asserts that the dogs dig their own wells, each village having one with a con cealed opening, lie knows of one such well iO'J feet deep, and having a circular staircase leading down to the water. Every time a dog wants a drink he de sceuds the staircase, which, considering the distance, is no mean task. In dig ging for water the animals display as much pluck as they do in resisting the efforts of settlers to expel them froin the land of their progenitors. A Spot W here Liberty Took lioot. London Times. Ankerwyke ho.ise, Buckinghamshire the ancient home of the llarcourt family, including "Magna Charta Island." on or near which King .John signed "the bul wark of British liberty " in 1215, is an nounced for sale early next month. The estate comprises nearly i00 acres, with a rental of a little over 2,000 pounds sterling a year. Ankerwyke is in the parish of "Wraysbury, between Staines and Datchet, and is celebrated for the picturesque beauty of its trees, which form a con spicuous feature when seen from the river side. Feeding Kacilli to Insects. Xew York Times Dr. Maddox, of the Royal Miscroscop lcai society, London, says he has been con tinuing his interesting experiments of feeding insects with bacilli. He fed both the wasp and the blow fly with anthrax bacillus, and they lived on for a considera ble time until a hot dav, when the ther mometer rose to degrees Fahrenheit in the sun, when they succumbed to what seemed to be heat asphvxia and not ap parently to the effects of the bacillus. A 1'rofYsoonal Juror. Lr' i'ad--lphia Call. "Bromley, who is that stout man on the jury? lie ust now nodded to you. " I can't recall him. I'll bet, however, that he's a professional juror. n What makes you think so?" "Becausahe im t paying any attention to the evidence. " ' 1 IS IN Office, 4G and 48 Merchant Street, Honolulu. THE ADVERTISE E Kepreseuts the Interests of the Politician, Planter, the Storekeeper, the Lawyer, the fact, all Classes of the Community. THE ADVERTISER Has for many years been noted for its Reports of Legislative Proceedings, Important Law Cases, etc. Tl i ese are recorded Verbatim when the importance of the occasion warrants it. 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