Newspaper Page Text
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, FEBRUARY 10, 1888.
THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TfcttMS OF SUBiKlPTIOX. Per annum... Six moaths .. Per montn.... ,?5 00 . 3 00 . 50c B9-SnbMcriptious Payable Always in Advance. Communications from all parts of the Kingdom 111 always be very acceptable. Persons residing: In any part of the United States caii remit the amount of subscription due by Post Office money order. Matter intended for publication In the editorial columns should be addressed to Kditor Pacific Commkkcial, Advkrtiseb. ttusinesfi communications and advertisements snoultf be addressed simply P. C. Advkbtiser, an ! not to individuals T EE E P Advcrl I s now for sale daily at the Fell: wln places: . H. SOPER - Mercnant str-.-t K. -VI HEWET" Merchant street T. d. i UBCll - Fort street WM. ST i LMANN. . . . Hawaiian Hotel Five Cents per Copy. FRIDAY ; : : : : February 10th THE SUGAR TRUST. The New York "Herald." of January 18th, has the following interesting arti cle relating ro the Sugar Trust: "The latest and one of the very biggest double profit. absolute. They have power not only to fix the price of refined sugar, but can dictate what they will pay for the raw sugars. They regulate the amount which shall be marfufactured, the man ner in which it shall be turned out, and in what quantities. They can shut down refineries altogether whenever and wherever they please, or they may per mit them to be run on quarter, half or 'three-quarter time. Thus the entire consumption of raw sugars in the United States and the manufacture of refined sugar is at the unquestioned command i of eleven men. It is as if the country were dependent upon one monopoly sugar refiner'. It is as strong a com bination in its way as the great Standard Oil Trust. The trust represents in the value of the plants of the refineries about $16, 000,000. About $6,000,000 in cash has been contributed by the refiners, and the whole consolidated into the trust, capitalized, as is supposed, at $60,000, 000, or say three shares for one. The trust has already bought up two small refineries in this city the North River Sugar Refining Company and the Oxnard Sugar Refining Company. Both will be closed up permanently, so as to restrict production. The trust paid $325,000 for the North River and about $125,000 for the Oxnard. Both of them have been shut down and will be dis mantled. The two small New Orleans refineries which the trust has secured will probably be kept running to supply the South and Southwest with sugar. That the new trust has the market at its mercy and is bound to be exceedingly profitable is evidenced by the fact that since its formation the trust has forced a decline of raw sugars, while at the same time it has raised the rates for manufactured sugar about one cent a pound. Thus, while the trust buys its raw material cheaper, it charges a higher price for its product making a trusts in the country is the Sugar Trust. It is a monopolistic combination which comes home to every man's pocket book, for it affects the cost of one of the neces saries of life, and although the trust is a very young baby and has hardly got upon its feet yet, the strength of its grasp is already apparent in the advance of a cent a pound on the price of all This is what the new trust has al- Of course the raw sugar importers suf fer by the consolidation. Some of them wili be thrown out of business. There is naturally a great deal of kicking, and efforts will be made in the Courts to break the new monopoly. This has al ready been done in New Orleans, and is threatened in this city. But the laws somehow are on the side of the strong, as experience shows, and the probability is that the sugar octopus will live to ready done. It may not be much, to be spread its tentacles from Maine to Cali- sure, but the danger of such a combina- fornia, from Canada to Texas, and fatten tion is that it will be able to put the upon the unfortunate consumers." price to as high a figure as it pleases. & lne manutacture oi sugar, as every body knows, is in very few hands. It costs millions to equip a modern sugar refinery, and a score of very rich corpor ations not only turn out all the enormous quantities used by our sixty millions oi people, but export tonsof it abroadevery year. The fact that so few men control the sugar refining industry . of the United States has enabled them to keep the always vigilant and incorruptible news paper reporter from learning all about the details of the recently organized trust. But although a dozen men may meet in an ooscure little dick onice in Wall street and organize what may be the biggest pool in the country, they haven't been able, in spite of every ef fort, to prevent the public, thanks to the. press, from learning all the essential facts. The Sugar Trust was organized for the avowed purpose of decreasing the price of refined sugars to the highest figures, thus making a double profit by the com plete control of the amount manufac tured. There hasn't been much money in the business for a good while past, and the refiners have a good deal of lost time to make up. Robert Bonner's Stables. New York Letter.l Such is the general interest In Robert Bonner's stable since he purchased Maud S. that he is obliged to issue card3 of ad mission to bis stables. The first horse of note whose stall is reached is Dexter. His temper is not so good as it used to be. Strangers are not received by him with favor. His purchase price was $35,000. Next comes Hcket, a $10,000 bay geld ing. He has a record of 2: 18 1, and has made a mile in 2:16" on a private track. Rarus is a brown gelding. He was bought from Mr. Conkling. He has a companion in his stall who is none other than Jimmy, a little bright-eyed Scotch terrier. Rarus is disposed to be cross to strangers. So is Jimmy. Rarus take i exercise every day, rain or shine. Jimmy enjoys the exercise on Rarus' back. They are fast friends. Rarus sold for $36,500. The bay gelding Forest has made a mile in 2:iy. with an unofficial showing of 2:11$. He is rather a Leavey feeder and gener ally wears a muzzle while in his stall to prevent glutton3r Mr Bonner calls Maud S. 'cosset 'v'oset" mean3 a house lamb, which is petted by the family of her owner. She is of a very sociable disposition, and knows she cost $40,000, bnt is, neverthe less, friendly with every one. Six quarts a day of oats, with a little bran at night, have put the mare in good flesh. She is in what is termed road condition, not trained . down nearly so fine as she was last spring and summer. Mr. Bonner drives her out every day. save when it rains. On rainy days she takes a walk of The President of the trust is Henry O. an hour in the morning and afternoon in TTovamor-.i. rwor iv,a I me stable, the is not nitcned with a .t "'. a : ' : Walter, iuai ouai uiaivcis, hiiwsc icunciica 111 I square Williamsburg are said to be the largest freely. the her stall being about fifteen feet but is allowed to move about in the world, laey can turn out, it needed, over four thousand barrels of sugar a day. The secretary and treas urer of tthe trust is John E. Searles, of the Havemeyer Sugar Refining Com pany, another great company. The Sugar Trust was formed by the consolidation of the following big refin eries : The Havemeyers & Elder, the F. O. Mathiessen & Wiechers Sugar Refin ing Company, the Brooklyn Sugar Re finery, the Havemeyer Sugar Refining Company, the Mollers, Sierck & Co., and the Dick & Meyer, all of New York ; the Boston Sugar Refining Company, the Bay State Sugar Company and the Con tinental Sugar Refinery and the Stand ard Sugar Refinery, all of Boston; the Portland Sugar Refining Company, of Portland, and two or three smaller re fineries in New Orleans. This includes all the important refiner ies in the country, except two in Phila delphiaHarrison, Frazer & Co. and E. C. Knight &. Co. ; the Revere Refinery, in Boston, and the American Sugar Re finery and Claus Spreekels' Refinery, both of San Francisco. These few refineries have not yet sold out to the trust. Two of them are in ne gotiation with the trust for a transfer, however, and what the railroads call a ! working arrangement will doubtless be uouo ynu uie omers. ine concerns which have already gone into the trust manufacture nine-tenths of all the sugar made in this country. s The refineries have sold out absolutely and accepted stock in the trust, which is controlled entirely by a committee of eleven refiners, the heads of the eleven big concerns mentioned above as the or- v - "vivuic. Aueir win ig i A Peculiar Bus i ties Partnership. (Ohicazo News. "Three up draw one, " squeaked the shrimpish little waiter. The first cake was just showing its shape on the griddle when a 15-cent check dropped beside the plate of tiirt new-comer. He thought this was rapid checking, but noticing that the same man who distributed the cardboard took the cash, he said: "It must be a great temptation to a 'tfc who handles both the checks and the "No; I'm one of the proprietors. n And you don't cheat your partner?" "No." "How does he know that?" asked the persistent guest. "lies on in daylight this week and I'm on at night Next week he's on, at night and I'm on in daylight n Yes, I see, n said the inquisitive gentle man: go on. " - "He turns in just as much money to the firm his week indavlightas I do when I'm on, and I turn in just as much at night as he does. To see that he pays it is my business. To make it is his busi ness. You see, neither of us can write. We keep no books, and save the salary of a man wno could cheat us both. Some times we make three times as much as we pay in, but that is our dividend. He makes as much over the sum as he can. and so do I. It makes us each have an interest in the business, and there is no in centive to dishonesty. " Have you an article of agreement?" No; we don't need an v. Our business has grown to be prosperous. I don't know how much my partner has made, nor does he know more about my affairs. t e me uuiu sausuea. An almanac 3,000 years old. found in Egypt, is in the British museum. It is supposed to be the oldest in the world. It was found on the body of an Egyptian. The days are written in red ink, and un der each is figure followed by three char acters, signifying the probable state of the weather for that day. Like the other Egypt.an manuscripts, it ia, written on papyrus. It is written in columns, but is not in its integrity, having been evidently torn before its owner died. f The Veritable Garden of Eden. Fannie B. Ward's Mexico Letter. It is a tradition devoutly believed in Mexicb that this great state ci" Vera Cruz covers the site of the veritable Garden of Eden, and that the portion of it now oc cupied by Jalapa was the scene of the ap ple tragedy. To make good the tradition a tree grows hereabouts ithe chirimaya. whose rich, custard-like product is called "forbidden fruit," from. the danger of eating too much or it fcuch are the so porific qualities of the mammoth, trumpet shaped blossoms which hang from every limb that to sleep under them is said to be sure death. The odor of the white, lily like flowers is delightful. Persons troubled with insomnia are advised to place a few in their apartment taking care to remove them before the hour of retiring, or their deadly fragrance may produce an endless slumber. The maguey (aloe), also indigenous to this locality, is believed to be the real "Indian fig tree" to which our first parents resorted when dressmaking be came necessary; for in it kind nature provided all the material its strong fibers producing both cloth and thread, and the sharp pointed thorns that terminated its gigantic leaves serving to this day for pins and needles. Certainly this portion of Mexico's paradise carries out the idea of an' Eden after the curse, for nowhere are there any traces of Adam's descendants nor even any animals except those that destroy. Poets have exhausted their powers in painting these beautiful scenes yet one may travel for days in this de serted region without hearing the song of a bird or seeing a butterfly. The serpent is still master of the situa tion, and has begotten a numerous pro geny. Gigantic rattlesnakes, asps, and a hundred other dangerous species glide away at our approach; reptiles prey upon each other in the tropic lagoons; enor mous lizards bask in the hot sunshine; tarantulas, scorpions, centipedes, and innumerable other pests abound in the burning sands; and parasitic growth like vegetable vampires, suck the life from every tree. The Study of Hainan Nature. A teacher's work is not to correct effects, but to study and mould causes. The trouble nuu gutciuuicui is LUUL lb is always dealing with effects. Good government di rects the working orauses. We have known a poor school become a good one through the skillful management of causes; there was no storming, but disorder disappeared, bad words were dropped, rough manners wpre smoothed, impoliteness became politeness; in a word, the old school was transformed into a new one, but there was no noise about it. Nothing wa3 done that eyen a critical visitor would notice, but everything was done. The teacher knew how to touch the springs of causes. Here was the secret of her success "Where can I learn this divine art?" a thou sand teachers ask. Not in books, but in your selves. Study causes and effects. First in your own experience and then in others. Why do I dislike this and like that? Why is that boy mischievous and that girl heedless? Why? Why? Why? Soon you will know just what to do to make that boy forget his michief, and that girl her inattention. There no more profitable study than the study of human nature humanity as it is called. It is more than inind study; it is human study. The School Journal. Chinese M.'rficiues. (Jl icao ou -nil.) The San Francisco custom officers ha e seized a chest of medicines belonging to a Chinese quack. Among the medicines highly recommended in an accompanying inventory was a wasp's nest for pain in the back; for vertigo scraping of deers horns was recommended; for rheumatism a quart of boiled water made palatabie by a toad's akin aad the teeth of a snake. liaibjr Shops and Chair.. IBaltimrrj American.! The men who patronize barber shops in the cnited States are not aware, perhaps, that they enjoy a boon denied to their brethren in other countries. The truth of this statement was learned from a bar ber who declared that of all the places on earth the Lnited States wras the best place to get a clean, comfortable shave. This compliment to the barber shops of the land of the free was paid on the strength of the vast improvements made in bar bers' chairs. A comfortable chair bears the same relation to a barber shop that a well drawing stove does to the kitchen. The pride of a barber shop is the chairs. The barber may be skillful and swift, the soap pure and fragrant, the brush easy and gentle, the towels clean and white, but these altogether could not atone for the absence of the easy chair. To the United States belongs the credit of getting up barber chairs that are as easy as a feather bed. Many men just step into a barber shop to get a little rest and the head bathed. Then the easy chair acts like a charm. The easy chair has done much for the barber. In America there is more shav ing done at the barber shops than in all the balance of the world. In France the barber is engaged by the month, and calls at the house of the customer to ply his craft. In lingland most of the men shave themselves. iowhere in Europe can you find an easy and comfortable barber shop. Americans find a good deal of trouble in getting a good shave abroad. Liverpool's Ambulance Service. Forigrn Letter. The methods of the American ambu lance service, suspension harness and all, ire warmly praised in Liverpool, where they have been in use for over a year. The record of the Northern hospital gives the average time from the call to the de parture of an ambulance at two minutes and fourteen seconds by day and four minutes by night The time of each journey from call to return was eighteen minutes and thirty seconds. The com ment is that the keeping-of such a record makes men in the service ambitious. The Phenomenal Man. Yonkers Gazette. The phenomenal man is but one steo in advance of the natural fooL Give me the average man every time to tie If you please, l ou know where to find this sort of a man when you want him. Often when you want the phenomenal man he isn't there. He is among the clouds in the depths of the ocean, or deep down in the bowels of the earth. I have known some men to be such phenomena that they were not good for anything else. Wild Animals and Snakos. Exchange. There is a curious uniformity in the number of persons killed annuallv in India by wild animals and snakes. " The Indian Medical Gazette gives the number of those killed in Bengal alone by animals, for five years, at from l,2dl to 1,302 in each year. The snakes destroved from 9,153 to 10,061 annually. The Inoonvenienc . A man never so forcibly feels the In convenience of being under-sied as when his wife informs him that if he had been two inches taller his old trousers would ave made two Pjiirs for his son. HOUSEHOLD nnniTimiT AT AUCTION. Wednesday, February loth, At 10 o'clock a. m. at the premises, No. 20 Lunalilo street (third house from thejj corner of Pensacola street) adjoiu ing the residence of Mr.J. Lucas, I will sell at public auction on account of the own ers departure, The Entire Household Furniture. Underwear ! Underwent A FULL AND COMPLETE STOCK OF LADIES' MUSLIN UNDERWEAR AT THE COMPRISING 1 NEW MATHUSEK GRAND Orchestral )4 Octave Piano, valued at S00. Upholstered Bed Louusre lMush. in Red 1 Carved Black Walnut M.T. Bedroom set, 7 piecet. Spring Mat trasses. 1 PIXE BEDK'OOJI SET, Mosquito Net, Koa and Japanese Tables, Mirrors and Chandeliers, Pictures, Curtains and Poles, Centre Rugs, WEBSTER'S DICTIONARY AND STANDS ! Dining Table, Chairs, One Koa Bedroom Set, Crockery, Glass and Silver Ware, 1 New Singer Sewing Machine, 1 RTTPtfRTOR CnnrTTNU STOVE f Nearly New. Kitchen Utensils, Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc. ALSO 1 Family Carriage Horse, safe for a lady to drive. 1 set of Harness, OiE TOP BUGGY. IST-i Premises open for inspection on TUKSDA Y, February 14th, from 9 a. m. to u P. M James F. Morgan. ct Aiitioiio r. Popular Millinery Horn 1G4 Fort St. 3 Honolulu, JST. s. sachs peopbietob, Ladies Chemises. Low, Square Cut, and Good Fitting, in Plain, Fine an.l r 1U 1 UDo Ladies' Skirt Chemise. Ten Dozen Extra Large Size, Fine Cambric and Trimmed wit). i. will be Offered at a Sacrifice. ulh hlnI Ladies5 Mother Hubbard jSHht Grow '""'-u Jiiic yjL j-jiu ui uiuui v , cry iiuriusoiiie and wvll mad. An Immense ariety fckirts, Linen Lace Trimm the Times. Ladies' White Skirts. ety at Low Prices, Handsome Embroidt'iv.l n ed Skirts, Kullled and Tucked Skirts at I", i 1 , 1 to Ladies' C orset Covers. Low, Cut Square Neatly Made, and Good Fitting High Necked (rs,. with Embroidery Yoke. - SPECIAL BARGAIN LADIES' f J.nIios Jfpriiitt VeNftf-.lO loz. I4,ulivs' est, llili xeck, ftliort Slm,v sJr1 BLACK SILK HOSE A fi ne assort mont. nil si-o .ill offer a fine Black Silk Hose at $2, the best value in town. ' ' I'lalitk-s. 1 1 ! 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN. 3 88(1 BUILDER 75 and 77 Kin? Street, Bell Telephone No. 275. 5 - Honolulu MufiiHl Telephone .a. Ed. Hoffsclilaecjer & Co., King St., opp. Messrs. Castle & Coofee's, and Bethel St., opp. Post Office. J" o PUNT TST o T r DRY GOODS, Fancy CiooiIm, Habei lnsliery. Hosiery. Millinery. Fancy Goods. Ladies' and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, Clothing BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS, Hardware, Cutlery, Stationery, Clocks, Perfumery, Musical Instruments, Groceries. Crockery, Glassware, mrvetr f rr- urn 'XL WINES, BEERS AND California Wines of Kohler & San Francisco. LIQUORS, Fronting, Stores, Kanges and Housekeeping Gods. Agency North British and Mercantile FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron V oit 07 AGENCY Of London. WESTERMAYER'S PIANOS. ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO. EC. E. jVJelntyre & Bro., IMPORTERS AND DEALEKS IN Oceanic Steamship Co. Groceries, Provisions and Feed EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. FOR SAN FRANCISCO, ThP Al steamship AUSTRALIA," New Goods received hv Produce by every steamer. All orders faithfnllv ttn,wi t 'V.?. . ' .... ,f ,,f tb Island orders solicited. Satisfaction f?uarantped. rr.Btofl;c H" " I4j CO apl" city free of charge. Telephone No. 92 Will leave Honolulu for the above port on TUESDAY, FEBRUAEY 14, At oou. For freight or passage'apply to Wm. CI. Irwin & Co., AGENTS WING n CHAN & CO., Commission Merchants, Importers and dealers in all kinds of Chinese Provisions, Merchandise, Cigars, Ebonv Furniture, Ebony and Marble Tables. Chinese and Japanese Crockery Ware. Dinner Sets, Tea Sets, Vases of all kinds. Mattings, Camphor Wood Trunks, Rattan Chairs, Clothing Baskets, etc. Silks, Satins. Embroidered Silk Hand kerchiefs. Grass Cloth, Crape Shawls and Crape Silks. All kinds and all styles of China and Japan Teas, of the latest importation. Opposite W. C. Peacock & Co., Nuu anu street, Honolulu, H. I. Mutual Telephone No. 18. P. O. Box 186. 3m MAMMOTH SHIPMENT DAT AND GIIAIX, Just received'and for Sale at LOWEST MARKET PRICE. UNION FEED CO., ID. TO SUBSCRIBERS. OUBRCRIBERS O CIAL papers reg the fact ephone No. 78 Tn TTTF. PACIFIC COMMFE L A DVERTISER vho fail to receive tlr egularlv are requested to commiinfr to the office witlou idelay. Mutual rt F00K LTJN & CO., 113 Nuuanu Street, IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, Fire Crackers, New Designs in Clips and Saucers, Tea. Cigars, and all kinds of Taney Goods. ISTOTIOK. MESSRS. J. E. BROWN k CO. ARE ALT"' iaed to collect subscriptions for the daiu PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER. Honolulu, January 17, lb8. NOTICE TO ARRIVE PY Till) S. S. Australia Waj ! Apples, Sweet and Baking. Pear.. Prunes. Jams and Jellies Canned Fruits. Potatoes, Onions. Garlic, Cabbages. Cauliflower, Ktf. Walnuts, Hazel Nuts. Italian Chestnuts. Almond Nuts. Regular shipments by every steamer. We have now a steam nut chine in full running order. roasting n13' turke i 'pnfy-live extra heavy corn pOST OFFICE BOX NO. 255. California Fruit HlH Ml kef,