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PACIFIO COMMERCIAL, ADVERTISER, FEBRUARY 13, 1888.
POISON BY THE TON. ENOUGH ARSENIC IMPORTED TO DE POPULATE AMERICA. A Small Amount Used for Medicinal Purposes Arsenic Acid tbe Beat Preserrer of Fabrics and Colors "What Horse-Dealers Do. New York HeraM. There are imported annually in this city from Cornwall, England, and from the mines of Austria, Hungary, and Bo hemia, about 1,0j0 kegs of arsenic, which average 400 pounds of weight each. Physicians say that a dose of two and a half grains of arsenious acid is pretty cer tain to prove fataL A little simple figur ing will therefore show that if the impor tations of a single year were divided up into e ,ual portions corresponding in number with the number of inhabitants in the lnitcd States, and each mau, woman, and child took one of those por tions on a given day, human life would on that day cease to exist in the territory now covered by the stars and stripes, in recent years the importation has rapidly increased, aud the fact that numerous cases of ar-euieal poisoning appear from time to time ou the police records and be fore coroner s juries renders an inquiry desirable as to the purposes to which the enormous shipments of this deadly min eral are applied. A reporter visited several of the great drug importing houses, and consulted chemists in reference to this matter. All admitted that the quantity of arsenic used for medicinal purposes is insignili (iint, and that the bulk of the importation is used for manufacturing, preserving, decorating and beautifying purposes. Some of the chemists while, expressing a Tlesire not to be quoted, freely admitted that health and life were being endan gered by a too free introduction of the pOiSou into articles of everyday use. A cLemist who is engaged in the serv ices of one of our leading importing houses, and who is an acknowledged au thority among his brethren, said: "It is no secret that the careless and unskillful uananng oi arsenic ana arsenical prepara tions result, in serious illness and in heavy los3 of life every year. " "Is it not a fact that arsenic in one shape or another is making inroads into fashionable households year after year?" "This can not be disputed. Arsenic acid is the very best preserver not only of fabrics, but of colors, and it is but natural that decorators should take some risks in using it Jn many of our fashionable mansions the bright colors on the walls are made last by arsenic; the same may be sa;d of the carpets and tapestries, and of the gaudy, tinted robes which have a fascination lor some young ladies, " "Does the presence of arsenic in an apartment necessarily imply that it muat bo an unhealthy place of abode?" "Not of necessity; still, I myself would nt care to sleep in such a room Odors may be given out that are sure to sicken the stomach if the work is unskilfully done. In my opinion this accounts for a good deal of the debility and nervous ail ments that prevail in fashionable circles here and elsowhere. Quite recently a woman lost her eye-sight in this city while cleaning a carpet that was found to have its colors fastened with arsenic. I do not believe any physician would main tain that it was proper to place such a carpet for use in any room. " "Are the dangers of using arsenic prep arations fully recognized by the manu facturers who use them?" "They certainly should be; there is no excuse for ignorance in a matter of this kind. It is our business to import and sell our goods under proper safeguards; after that all our responsibility ends. " "Are there dangers in the preparation of the article for the market.''" "The preparation of arsenious acid is a most hazardous occupation. The work men employed generally die before the age of 40, and their mean term of lite runs from :iU to 3." years. They are com pelled to avoid alcoholic drinks, and to live principally on leguminous vegetables, with plenty of butter, taking very little meat, ana that fat.' To each man two glasses of olive oil are administered daily. " "To what extent is the drug used as a medicine?" "A very small fraction of the importa tion is used for that purpose. It is used as a tonic occasionally, and actresses use it to a pretty considerable extent to im part a bright hue to the complexion and luster to the ejres. When once used for that purpose it must be taken right along or the young lady will find that not only her dazzling vision but her bodily energies will melt away with incredible speed. Horse dealers know a thing or two about arsenic, and they also use it " "i- or what purpose? " "Take an old railroad horse that has become emaciated in the service, or a broken-down racer, and dose him with arsenic under the advice of a veterinary surgeon for a few weeks. Ilis appetite will come to him, his old hair will drop off, and a new coat will come out and the animal will become as frolicsome as a 2-year-old. In the horse market he is THE BLOW-GUN OF THE DYAKS. The "Sumpitau" and Its Poisoned Ar rowA Weapon Silent and Deadly. Cor. American Fit 11. J A peculiar weapon, and one whose like we have not yet seen, is the "sumpi tau" or blow-gun of the Dyaks. This weapon is a long, straight, and polished tube of heavy wood, about eight feet long and an inch or two in diameter, bored out with the utmost care, customarily or namented with tweed patterns, and often surrounded at the end with metal. At the end, lashed to the side in such a wry as not to interfere with the main uo of the weapon, is often found a spear-head, giving the sumpitau a two-fold use, and showing us that it was after all no Cau casian who first invented the bayonet The sumpitau shoots a poisoned arrow. This is only about six or eight inches long, and as thick as a heavy darning needle, being frequently only a large thorn. At its base secret of the force with which it can be blown it has a lit tle wad or ball of pith, which just fits the caliber throughout. The tip of this tiny arrow is poisoned. Rev. Mr. Wood thinks, with the juice of the deadly native upas tree; but in this hs is not necessarily riht Mr. Carl Bock, who is perhaps the only traveler of note who ever saw the process of preparing the arrows, thus describes what he observed among the Poonans of the interior: "They had a bundle of arrows by their side, and as soon as the poisonous matter was hot, they took a small quantity and smtared it over a wooden plate, by means of a wooden instrument resembling a pes tle, till the plate was covered with a thick layer. Then taking an arrow, they rolled the head across the plate, so that it became coated with the pasty matter. Next they made a spiral incision in the arrow head, and again rolled it over the plate. ' What thi3 arrow poison is made of. I could never ascertain, notwithstanding all my inquiries on the spot It certainlj contained nicotine, which the Dyaks col lect from their pipes when they get foul after smoking. " Many scientific men of Europe have at tempted the discovery of the nature of this poison, but have failed: nor has an antidote been discovered which is more certain than the common treatment for a snake-bite copious draughts of spirits and abundant exercise, with cauterization of the wound. It is probable that differ ent poisons are used. The wound of this tiny arrow is usually within a few minutes fatal to animal or man. The bravest troops dread to march against an enemy so armed; for the hidden foe, using a weapon parfectly silent (even more so than the bow and spear) can creep undiscovered to easy distant e, and slay a dozen men before his location can be de termined. It is strange, too, at what range this weapon is fatal. At forty or rifty yards the native can use it with perfect accuracy and can even do execution at seventy -five to 100 yards: a distance almost incredible. English sailors soon learned to dread the canoe attacks of these fierce pirates, who came on with their "pea-shooters, " and blew a perfect cloud" of death darts through every cranny of the ship's de fences. The Dyak uses the sumpitau as a hunt ing weapon, for which its perfect silence renders it the more serviceable. Most of his game is killed with it. He cuts out an inch or so of the Uesh from about the tiny wound, and then eats the animal with perfect impunity. The poison seems not to atlect the remainder of the body at all. The effect of this poison is supposed to be a stoppage of the action of the heart IRON CRYSTALLIZATION. of SCENES ON A CHINESE RACE-COURSE. ilibtrliscmtnis. How It Produces Cliansres in the Fibers the Metals and Weakens it. Since a passenger train on the North British railway plunged from the great bridge over the Firth of Tav into the dark waters below, one stormy Decem ber niht seven years ago, carrying ev ery living soul upon it to certain death, there has been no railroad bridge dis aster that has excited so much public . attention as that which occurred on the Boston & Providence railroad at the Bussey bridge near Boston. In both the cause appears to have been a structural defect. This may also be said of the Ashtabula accident, whose horrors, how ever, were increased by the fierce work of flames and the inclemencies of a bit terly cold winter night Bridge accidents are considered by all railroad men as incomparably the worst to which travel by rail is exposed, and as among the most difficult to guard against absolutely. One source of danger was shown when the peculiar effects of a locomotive's hammer-blows upon a track were explained. The theory was advanced that a girder of the bridge had broken beneath the en gine's driver?, whose pounding upon the defectively constructed bridge was thus primarily the cause of the acci dent. This brings up a phase of rail road and bridge Occidents which is at present receiving a great deal of atten tion. Crystallization in the material of iron bridges is an element of danger now so well recognized that the Penn sylvania Railroad Company has adopted the definite policy of substituting stone for iron bridges, and the same plan is being iollowca by other railroad com panie3. The lifetime of an iron bridjre is from twenty to twenty-five years, and con stant care is necessary to insure its & i mi a i i t saiery. ine Asntaouia u nil ire was time it engines A 1 tneory crystal- bound to bnmr a irood nrice and the countryman who buys him wili be proud of his bargain at least for a day or so. When the effect of the drug dies out the horse falls away and he never regains his strength. " "Is arsenious acid . used illegitimately by manufacturers?" "On this ouestion I think there can be no doubt There ma be recklessness un der the guise of law in using the acid to fasten colors on paper, carpets, tapestries, or articles of wearing apparel, and tech nically speaking there may be nothing illegitimate in all this. It is pretty gener ally understood, however, that some con fectioners use arsenical preparations in coloring their goods, and this is certainlv a most serious offense. Case's of this kind crop up from time to time, many of which result fatally, but I know of no instance m which the offender received the punishment he merited. Arsenic is also used with dangerous results in paint ing toys and in coloring trimmings for ball drosses. All these things should be stopped by the board of health. The public have enough to engage their atten tion in dealing with the scores of legiti mate fields of industry in which the poison becomes a valuable agent if handled with scientific skill. " A Sew London Iirldge. i Chicago ITerald.l Americans who have wast ed more or less valuable time in crossing the over crowded London bridge will be glad to know that this bridge will soon be re lieved of part of its immense traffic by the construction of a tower bridge, half a mile from London bridge, at a cost of 4,000,000. It will be a suspension bridge with two castellated towers, each 200 feet high, in the river, at the end of two an chorage towers on the river bends. The central roadway span of 200 feet width will be in two parts, each of which will, on a level beinr touched, fold unward against its tower, leaving a clear space :.uO feet wide and VSo feet high for the passage of vessels. Hydraulic machinery operating these draw3 will be under the control of one man, and so powerful that each of these great iron draws, 100 feet wide and 10j feet long, will be raised and lowered with out jarring or jerking. A foot bridge over the central cables, and approached uy elevators in river towers, will be al ways ready lor use without regard to the condition of the draw-bridge below. The bridge will be 200 feet long, and even during its construction the passage of vessels will not be stopped. riant for Tropical Africa. Boston Bu'lKet. 1 he twelfth number of The German t olonial-Zeitung contains an article by Herman coyaux on experimental cultiva- A. ? i A "t MX f -ww uon in tropical Ainca. lie maintains that the soil is suitable for agriculture. tnougn it is exhausted in a year by the uuimauon oi maize ana mauise; he rec- vuituciiua luu uujinauou oi conee, a- nilla, India rubber, tobacco, cotton and sugar-cane, according to the varieties of soil Lieut de due, commander of the Upper Congo division, has published a most enthusiastic description of the coun try, where nearly all the above-mentioned plants, and many others, grow naturally, ur are aireauy cuinvaiea. lie represents me eumaie as neanny, ana the country thickly populated. A Borax Field in Nevada. Frank Leslie's Illustrated. Teel's marsh, in Nevada, is the most productive borax field on the Pacific coast Its deposit covers ten square miles of sur face, and it is said to include chemically pure common salt, borax in three forms, sulphate of soda and carbonate of soda. The basin of Nevada, in which it is situ ated, is covered in manv rmrts with rlr e A orescent salts, washed in course of aes dent being the only one in thirteen years old, and at the fell beneath the weight of two and a heavy express train the was commonly advanced that ization naa impaired its original strength. The two rreat movinir cause- -J -J C 7 of crystallization are vibration and the hammer blows of the locomotive, which gradually, by repeated impact, turn the fiber of iron or steel into a mass of crystals, needing only some unusual pressure or blow to . cause them to break apart. Add to this the oscillation 1 i a - causca oy rne passage or trains at a high rate of speed, and it will bo scow that an iron bridge is exposed to pecu liar perils, which can only be guarded against by rigid inspection and con stant renewals. Crystallization was one of several theories advanced by Park Benjamin, a New York engineer, to account for the Tay bridge accident. lie said: "General indications go to show that the cause must be sought in an abnormal condition of the structure, or rather one which did not enter into the calculations of the builders. Such a condition would be the deterioration of the nx;tal by its change from a' fibrous .o a crystaline state under repeated vibration. That this occurs in railway bridges has been vigorously disputed by many well known engineers. On the other hand, many examples are quoted by different authorities to support the theory. Ap propos to this particular accident, a distinguished French engineer and iron founder now in this countiy informs us that he has known bars of iron made hy himself from Scotch pig to change from a tough fibrous to a brittle crystalline structure in traveling by rail only from the north of France to Paris. This is, ot course, an extreme, instance. "Again, recent research has dem onstrated that because a structure withstands a large quiescent load that xaut is iiLLiu prooi oi siaoiiuy under re peated shocks and vibrations. Metals are believed to have a 'life.' A bar, for example, may stand a million vibra tions and break down at the million and first, and yet the last shock may be lighter than preceding ones. Attempts, however, to reduce this law to practical application have elicited an abundance of conflicting evidence but, nevertheless, it is well settled that in no department of mechanics is an extended course of actual experiment ing more urgently needed or of graver public importance." The strength of the Tay bridge at the time of its building was such that it was pronounced "perhaps the most remarkable structure in the world." Engineering, a British magazine, speak ing of its test, when five engines, weighing 360 tons, were placed on a single span, said: "The result is the complete establishment of this fact (so important to the public), that the bridge is strong out of all proportion to its possible necessities. The load which the structure is calculated to cam- is six times greater than that to which it was subjected." And 3'et this great bridge, which cost $1,750,000, collapsed within a few months after it was finished, the acei- all railroad The Passion for Play liynch Law Gam bling for a Dinner. Corn hill Magazine. 1 A wide detour round the ditch brings us into the very thick of Chinese race course dres. Yet these drears differ from their English congeners in beinir friends of soap and water, and destitute of esprit de corns, lhere are no shooting-stalls, no shows, and no Aunt Sallies real cracks over their own heads, which must be re ceived with patience, are so frequent that thev lose the zest of a ioke but in lieu of them, gambling booths of every shade and description illustrate the Chinese passion for olav. Gambling booths for large sums, gambling booths for knickknacks, eramblinff booths for high-priced drinka bles, gambling booths for low-priced carrion; each booth with an eauer thromr of both sexes and of all ages around it, which renders calculation di iicult Private Thomas Atkins thinks it will be pleasant and easy to win a dollar or so from the heathen Chinee, but ere loner he discovers that he has been bested, and that the heathen Chinee is infinitely too clever for him. What is that turmoil I see in the dis tance, with a scuttling about of the crowd, among whom two white-helmeted red coats are conspicuously prominent? En raged at having been 'done'' at the native rouge et noir, they put in practice a litt e lynch law, tear down the fragile canvas booth, arm themselves with the support ing bamboo poles, clear a space by whirl ing them around like the arms of a wind mill, impartially rain down cracks on the skulls of the unresisting surrounders. and then quietly withdraw to a more reput ab'e part of the coursa Each party is perfectly satisfied; the Chinese sharper gloats over his filched gains, and the sol diers think they have taken change in the vengeance they have executed. The fracas ha3 scarcely interrupted the flow, or rather the torrent, of gambling. The young imp of about 8 years old is reaiiy a siuuy oi innate numan nature m this department of vice. He is gambling ior uis uiuucr ai me uoom oi a wnnKiea, diabolical, loathsome old male atrocity and still more loathsome hag. A form of "blind hookey " is, I fancy, the favorite form of vice. Coin after coin, each wrorth about one- 1th or a farthing, he loses at his ventures. The imps face lowers, and his features become contorted with angry excitement; taster, faster he plavs regard less of his fifths of farthings, until at last ne w ins. ith a growl one would never have supposed that boyish throat could have emitted, he dashes on one side up to the tray of raw meat, seizes a lump of horri b e garbage with singular dexterity by means of chop-sticks, plunges it into a kettle of boiling rancid grease, and then rams the dreadful morsel into his throat His cheeks are distended to near bursting, the tears of sealdiug suffocation stand ia his eyes, and he nearjy chokes; but still he wears your thorough gambler s expres sfon of delight at having at last won Childhood's innocence is not a pretty signt out here. Are these creatures really akin to English childhood. ionercsa esii$! IS THE 3D e acting; Baily Newspaper IX THE PUIHLISIUGD EVERY BO!i"B.i, -o- Office, 4G and 48 Merchant Street, Honolnlt o.- THE ADVERTISER represents the Interests of the Politician, the Merchant tli IJanter, the Storekeeper, the Lawyer, the Workman, and, i: fact, all Classes of the Community. THE ADVERTISER Has for many years been noted for its Reports of Legislative Iroceedmgs, Important Law Cases, etc. These Verbatim vhen the importance of the occasion THE ADVERTISE Is a necessity to Every Engiish.speakin Inhabitant Kingdom who desires to keep pace with the times. THE ADVERTISER Is copious and prompt in the publication of Local Poisoned by a Stingaree. "3To? ile Register. Maj. Sheffield, who was out on crutches the other day receiving the congratula tions of his "friends, stated that he felt first-rate, and hoped to be able to throw away his wooden lors in a short while. To a Register man he gave some addi tional information concerning his en counter with a stingaree. The rish was. he said, about a yard wide, and the sting penetrated his leg about three inches. The first sensation was as if he had been pinched right sharply. He was about iJOJ yards from the shore at the time. Knowing himself hurt, he rowed as rap idly as possible. About half way in the poison began to pass through the system, and the pain became terrible. When the stimr was pulled out the barbs snread out. ahoT-an1ncUhvi ltS reac3ers are keljt constantly posted as to the "ordinarily, " said the maior. "a little whisky ell'ects me very quickly, but on this occasion 1 drauk over a pint of whisky maybe a quart and swallowed two doses oi morphine, and all of it had no more elieet than so much water. " "Did you holler?" JSo, but I groaned and I grit my teeth mignty hard. 1 tell you it was the most awful suffering a man ever passed through. x uuu i imoiv i cou:a nave siooaanv more of it than 1 frot. I believe I would havo wnen it aiu. inree more minutes of it would have made me crazv. " "How long did the pain last?" The severe pain lasted hve solid hours My leg swelled up as bia: as a watermelon and it hurt in every inch of its increased proportions. Since the pain stonned I have had a pleasant time. I cannot begin to tell ycu how kind everybody has been iu me. are recorileJ warrants it. ) I I Me Tews, and course of events in other parts of the world, particularly in the United States. Is Weekly Piie Gmnid Mvnsr Is specially adapted for portions of residents of group. the outlving le Conditions Indispensable. TExchane. No medical man has ever been made a peer in England. Thev do not fulfill the conditions indispensable to ennoblement A peer must be whollv disconnected with trade or the active practice of a profes sion, and only such persons as have ceased to be engaged in the exercise of a remun erative vocation can be ennobled J'ariiell' Secret. John H. Parntdi tl,. n : of the agitator. j uTat tto XMh latter's success is c?t OI D Watchful eye." wuueaQa brother e from the soda feldspar of the volcanir historv in which 1. J 3 . c , . . . " . v iu igu iui h.sH.uu liUKt-s oi yeuow Java wnich the tale. uuu iui junta, xiie warm mi. . i . ,,. of the lakes are heaw, aDnear like thin -ineineory oi crystallization put for- oil. smell like soap, possess great detersive war1 at tn rne of the Ashtabula qualities, are caustic as potash, and easily bridge disaster is now accepted as ac- sdpouuy. counting for manv mill cj j wivt. cmiiicuu, ana seems peculiarly applicable to the fall of the Bussey bridge. Vibrations and hammer blows would seem to have crystallized some portion of the struc ture and prepared it for a fall when at last the "life'1 of a girder had been ex- lloictr4 nMj it- 1 1 1 . i ,t .uicvt, l uiujvt; oenearn tne pn- gine's thumping driving wheels. Phil adelphia Record. Something New in Boots. Exchange. Recently a new boot has been introduced by a Bristol manufacturer, in which a single spring is placed at the back of the boot, in the space above the heel. The elastic is said to be safer there from fric tion, and therefore less liable to wear out and to give the ankles more freedom to move. Twenty-Seven Billions. . Englaud does one third of all the bank ing business of the world. The Bank of Jt-ngland holds one seventeenth of all the deposits of Great Britaiu. The total W0?SSi m U' rOUQd uumbc $27,- Hostess (a Boston lad ) "Can I send you some of the soup, Mr. Breezy?" Mr. Breezy (from Omaha) "A very little, ma'am; not over half a dippcr ful." N. Y. Sun. Profitless Patents. 'American Machinist. i rooaoiy not one in ten of the patents issueu is eer neara irom atterward, ind of those that do lind some kind of a foot ing, in auout nine cases out of ten it would have been better for the inventor ana tnose interested with him if they had ueuu auunuoiieu. ii mose wiio are anx ious to show up what they call the monop oly or invention will take the trouble to uiviue ail they can charge in the way of pro ,ts to patents by the total number of patentees, tney will not hnd the quotient aiarunugiy iarga m ine umeiai uazette of July 21 the number of the last patent recorded is 82'i,bSK If all the profits arising from patents were accounted for, and from this iiiu cobi, aciua; ana incidental, deducted me sum Jett to divide would in all prob- "uullJ u a minus quantity. A good deal of the progress of the countrv is Hma loimenuon, notwithstanding which in ventors, as a class, are poorly paid, if paiu mi, wincn seems aouDttul. Souther i Sweden Sinking'. C rah ill 3Ia?izine.j Southern Sweden is now sinking men at a time, unaer the brackish waves of the encroaching Baltic. Streets in Swedish towns, originally built, no doubt (like most other streets), above high water mark, now lie below the tide (which must be very uncomfortable for their owners , with other earlier and still lower streets beneath and beyond them. The whole peninsula, in fact, is gradually dis appearing beneath the waters of the Baltic Terms of Subscription: Daily Edition, per annum jo i per half year " 3 OC " " per month 50 eeKiy Edition, per annum 5 W " to Foreign Countries c ,) SUBSCRIPTIONS PAYABLE IN ADVAJS'CK. T EE Ifl an Pacific Commercial Advertiser THE JOB PRINTING- OFFICE Is replete with every requisite which modern ingenuity lias deviK 'l. LATEST NOVELTIES IN y.npa.lietic Ink. iChieagD Times. 1 A sympathetic ink for writing on postal cards is made from diluted sulphuric acid one pari oi acia aua seven of water After it dries the writing is as invisible as though done with water. A gold pen or quill should be used. ' Trie J"o"b Pi-inting Departmen Salt Iike City's Death Kate. The death rate in Salt Lake Citv and the valley is very high. The climate is unexcelled, but there is no sewerage and the ignorance of the lawa of health are phenomenal. Every descriptiou order. of BOOK WORK. Books' andBlank Forms RuleJ 0 -:o: Prices are strictly moderate and will compare favorably with those of . & - other office j in the city; . ftp; V o