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PACIFIC OOMMEKCIAL ADVERTISER, FEBRUARY U 1888.
THE DAILY Facific Coifimercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. -:o:- TKKMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, TO MAKE TOBACCO SWEAT. Th Per acnuni - f " Six movths 3 Per montn SOc 00 oo Sr.SuIcriiiioii Payable Always in Advance. Communlcatlous from all parts of the Kingdom 111 always be very acceptable. Persons residing In any part of the United States caa remit the amount of subscription due by Post Office money order. Matter intended for publication in the editorial columns should be addressed to Editor PACiric Commkkcial, Advkbtisek Business communications and advertisements saould be addressed simply P. C. ADVKRTISKB,' and not to individuals T EC E Pacific Commercial Advertiser Is now for sale daily at the Following places: i. H. SOPEIl - Merchant street A. M. HEWET" Merchant street T. O. idRUM Fort street WM. STrt.-. . LMANN Hawaiian Hotel i'lve Cents per Copy. TUESDAY February 14 th WE TAKE THE LEAD. A m 1 x i . WIT in one resoppr at ipasi. rnf nrv oi iio- j nolulu may justly claim a proud pre eminence. There are few, if any, cities of similar dimensions which can count upon their streets so many apparently unmanageable horses. Comparatively seldom does a day pass but what the daily journalist can make sure of "a run away par" to help till up his needy col urnnn. However great the dearth of news in these degenerate days of politi cal quiescence and so-called quarantine regulations, a theme on which to exer cise his pen can generally be found in this familiar topic. Precisely why thi ia the case is a problem which has never been brought to a satisfactory solution. If runaway horses were as frequent in some of the cities of maturer growth the city fathers would bring their collective wisdom to bear upon the momentous question until it was brought within con trol. Here we have no "city fathers" in the popular acceptation of that term (perhaps it would be better if we had), and so the matter has gone on until we have become accustomed to it. Whether the fault lies in defective horse-breaking or incompetent driving, we will not un dertake to determine, but are inclined to think that the latter cause has some thing to do with it. The Chinese, as a rule, are not noted for good horseman ship, and numbers of them are seen in age oi,narife f horses here. Probably very runs frw of them handled a horse in the f!ep lowery Land. In San Francisco, we wjth understand, this is contrary to the iueat,inunicipal regulations, and there are sufficient grounds for the re- med, friction ; otherwise it would not exist j$Now that the vexed question of the Mar tin shalship has been satisfactorily settled !i i- i i it . i i. . a it ib to dq ierveniiy nopeu mat ine run away question will also have the atten- won oi mat executive omcer oi whom so much is expected. itt faj u th Royal Tea Party. I Yesterday afternoon between the hours cf 2 and 5 o'clock Her Majesty the Queen held a reception and tea party for ladies at Iolani Palace. The blue room was most magnificently furnished and decorated for the reception. In the throne room were the feather robes and the Queen's crown. The (lining room contained a number of small tables, on which were the choicest specimens of tea services. Handsome bouquets of flowers were spread all around. Mrs. Iaukea, wife of His Majesty's Chamber lain, had charge of the airangements. A large number of ladies attended the party, and were most graciously enter tained by Her Majesty. The Royal Ha wanan Band was stationed in the pa vilion, and played during the afternoon. The Passport System. The San Francisco papers have been commenting considerably of late on our miserable passport system. In that they are quite right. But they have gone a little further, and stated that Jules Tav ernier, the artist, is unable to procure a passport owing to being unable to pay his debts. This is not so. Mr. Tavernier is unable to leave the Islands for the present owing to so many orders he has received for work not yet being filled. When his work is completed he will not not have any trouble in procuring a pass port. . Paradise ol tbe Pacific." The second number of the "Paradise of the Pacific" is out. A large number of copies were sent away by the Ala meda, a much larger number will go on the Australia to-day, and the Zealandia, due on Thursday, will take a batch to the Colonies. The "Paradise" needs no ! cotnmeuts, the contents speak for them selves. It is a most excellent number and just what is wanted to send abroad. It has one object in view and is without doubt fulfilling its mission. A good map Jf the Islands is included in this issue. Process Explained by a "Warehouse Clerk Result Obtained. fBaltimore Herald. Sweating and reswearing tobacco. " said a young man in the top story of a South Charles street warehouse "are very interesting and curious industries. n 44 What does the term sweating mean?' ftsked the reporter. a Drying out the rankness and the gum, n answered the young man. It also brings out the dark colors. I will ex plain me process to you briefly, it is applied only to tbe leaf tobacco wh'ch is used for cigar wrappers. After tLo to bacco is cut it is put on bulk that is, in large piles, where it remains during the winter. Then, the following summer, after being closely packed. It is put through the first 'sweat' It is put on bulk in large warehouses like huge bun dles of hay, and there it stays during the summer. The natural heat generated suffices to do the sweating. Sometimes the heat becomes so great that a pile is set on fire by spontaneous combustion, though this does not often occur. The tobacco is packed stalk by staik with the leaf at tached, each stalk and leaf being called a hand.' 44 The resweating is done, as I said be fore, to dry out the rankness, and the superiiuous gum and to bring out the dark colors that arc so much admired in cigar wrappers. This, in fact, is the only way in which the desirable Maduro and Oscuro shades can be produced. 44 The re sweating does not atfect the streugth of tbe leaves, but only the color. Or, perhaps, I should say, it does not render the tobacco more strong. It is a popular fallacy that a strong cigar must have a dark wrapper, or that a dark wrapper indicates a strong cigar. As a matter of fact, if anything, the dark resweated leaves are milder than than tbe natural bun and snuff-colored leaves. " "How is the reswearing done?" fell from the mouth of the listening scribe. "We get tbe hands of tobacco in large boxes from the dealers. It is first taken out of these boxes and cased there, like that, " he said, pointing to a man who was gathering up double handfuls of the stalks and dipping them, butts down ward, for a moment in a trough filled with water, which was deeply dyed with the coloring matter of the leaves. "After soaking the ends of the bands in the water they are placed on a casing table, stems upward, where they are allowed to drain this consuming from fifteen minutes to one hour. The stalks are then put back into the original boxes, and there they re main for forty-eight hours. Each of these boxes ho'ids from 200 to 450 pounds of leaf tobacco. "Next the tobacco is tightly packed in hermetically sealed cast iron boxes, lined with wood, the boxes holding one third of a case apiece. After being sealed up. the boxes are subjected to a steam heat rang ing from tO degrees to 150 dezrees during periods varying from three days to thirty- tnree days, according to the kind of to- ba co under treatment. The quality of leaf varies very greatly in this particular. i: or instance, the crop of Pennsylvania leaf of lbSl was the hardest to sweat of any I ever go in the establishment, while that of 18biJ and of 18i4 was compara tively easily treated. No two crops of tobacco are alike. This year's crop irorn the same ground, with the same weather and under, so far as we know, the same condi tions every way, may be no more like that of last year than Havana leaf is like Connecticut leaf. It differs in strength, avor, quality and texture, and for no ex plainable reason, hometimes. doubtless, the season has something to do with it "After the tobacco comes out of the sweating room it is removed from the air tight cases and again put on bulk in small piles, where it gradually cools during from forty to forty-eight hours. After ward it is packed in the original cases and is ready for the market. After being re sweated the leaf has a sweet odor, verv unlike the rauk perfume it gives off in its natural state. The width of tobacco lea es vary from four inches to two feet. The cost oi resweatmg is so per case or Z cents - per pound. Tuccess of Pasteur's Method. A-ka-;saw Trav ler. Vast possibilities have been suggested by the success of Pasteur s method of protecting cattle and sheep from anthrax by inoculation with the attenuated virus, as there seems to be no reason for believ ing that we may not similarly ward off tbe attacks of other deadly contagious dis eases of man and beast The efficacy of this system is shown by the report just made by a Belgian government commis sion: Siuce the spring of 1883 many vac cinations have been performed at Herve on farms where anthrax is constantly pres ent, and the investigators have fully sat isfied themselves that Pasteur's method preserves both sheep and cattle from the disease. Among 1,000 fully grown cattle which have been vaccinated no case of authrax has been observed, while the non-vaccinated have died as usual. The protect ive ini.uence has lasted one year in 1)0 per cent of the young animals, while among all mature animals the duration for each inoculation is at least two years. Onr Wall to the Hoard of Health. As Epis-Ode. Oh! gentlemen. Oh! gentlemen, how can you treat us so ? Just when w land, in trusting faith arrived from Ban 'Frisco. We've 'scaped the boiling ocean, and the dangers of the sea, T fall Into your ruthless hands all legal though they be. Your yellow flag so frightened us, our knees be gan to give, As we scanned your solemn visages" bow long have we to live ? " We left our homes all innocent it seems a little hard To find ourselves like criminals and all put under guard. Consistancy's a jewel our ship lies at the dock. And Kanakas and other folk both on and off do flock. Majestic law, to vindicate a method must be found, And so the cabin passengers are all put in the pound." No leniency our portion we catch it every way And we wonder if old Job were here what he would have to say. Would he say, that modern Boards of Health are past all finding out?" Like the "heathen Chinee" method that the poet wrote aLout. Incarcerated Christians no chance to . go to Church We hear the sweet bells ringing, but we are iu the luvch. Our songs of piaise are silent it wouldn't do, you know, To breakout into anything there's danger In it so. Infection dire is in our breath for twenty feet or more They've stretched a rope across to keep us near our door. We merely wish to intimate the softness of the "snap" That the hotel man has got on us he does not care a rap. He puts the matter frankly when we ask why things are so, You can take just what I give you or to the reel can go. Your islands can t be healthy are sure they can't be so, They're noted for volcanoes, and eruptions are the go. Our guard he does his duty, and is constantly about; His business is to keep us all quite safe from breaking out. We are kina and gentle people, and we wish you gents no wrong, But you'll find that retribution is the burden of our song; And when frightful deep oppression shall wake you from your rest, You each will find twelve phantoms Krim a sit ting on his chest, And you'll cry in vain for succor you can struggle as you may, They will not budge an inch, gents, till your hair stands with affright, And you pray for morn to dispel all the horrors of the night, But the phantoms will stay by you for eighteen days at least; And the nineteenth day is breaking thro' the portals of the east. And ou swear, "So help me, gracious," that the island now has seen The laat of such a "lay out" as the Australia Quarantine. Australia Quasahtink Club. Dudoit House, February 12, 1888. HOUSEHOLD FIMITU'E AT AUCTION. Wednesday, February 15th, At 10 o'clock a. m. at the premises, Uto. 20 Lunalilo street (third house from tbe corner of Pensacola street) adjoin ing the residence of Mr.J. Lucas, I will sell at public auction on account of the own ers departure, The Entire Household Furniture. COMPRISING 1 NEW MATHUSEK GRAND Piano, Underwear ! Undo A FULL AND COMPLETE STOCK OF LADIES' MUSLIN UNDERWEAR AT THE Popular Millinery 104 Fort St., Honolulu. Orchestral 1)4 Octave valued at f 300. Upholstered Red Lonnge flush. Iu lied Hon K S. SACHS, PEOPKIETOIU 1 Carved Black Walnut M.T. Bedroom set, 7 piece. Spring Mattrasses. 1 PINE BEDROOJI SET, Mosquito Net, Koa and Japanese Tables, Mirrors and Chandeliers, Pictures, Curtains and Poles, Centre Rugs, WEBSTER'S DICTIONARY AjND STANDS ! Dining Table, Chairs, One Koa Bedroom Set, Chemises. ty in a uini, rine and F anct Homoeopathic Perfumes. Exchange. The odoriferous molecules of musk must be incomprehensibly smalL We can not imagine their smallness, as it is said that the same grain of musk under goes absolutely no diminution in weight A single drop of tbe oil of thyme, ground down with a piece of sugar and a little alcohol, will communicate its odor to twenty-five gallons of water. Haller kept for forty years papers perfumed with one grain of ambergris. After this the odor was as strong as ever. Bordenave has evaluated a molecule of camphor sensible to the smell to 2,62,5S4.000th of a grain. Boyle has observed that one dram of asafa tida exposed to the open air had lost in six days the eighth part of one gTain, from which Keill concludes that in one minute it had lost one 69.120th of a grain. The Apparent Gain Accounted for. (Frank Leslie's Illustrated. According to President Warrpn f Boston university, the aDDarent o-ain in numbers of the black race over the south is largely due to the fact that the hite is credited by the census simply w ith its own white offspring, while the negro is credited with its own proper descendants, as well as with all the increase of the en tire mixed population of the countrv. nrt over and above this, with all the children of white men by negro or mixed mothers, and with all the children of white women by negro or mixed fathers. Gaulo-Roman Bones. . ff hica?o Herald. 1 Twelve mounds of i rwTnV- i ,uus uPm France, at a point which makes it likely that thev are the remains of Gaulo-Poman warriors who, in the time of Hannibal, fell fa fi th6 Rhne asaist eerSv Ash Wednesday. To-morrow will be Ash Wednesday, a day of public penance and humiliation through the whole church of God ; so called from the ceremony of blessing ashes, wherewith the priest sitrns the people with a cross on their foreheads. It is the first day of Lent, called in Latin Quadragesima (holy season of 40 fasting days), which is a grateful commemora tion of Jesus Christ's fasting for forty days in the desert. On that dav re ligious services at the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Honolulu at 6 and 7 a. m., with administration of the ashes blessed before the first mass. There will also be services at St. An drew's Cathedral at 8 a. m., 11 :15 a. m. and 7 :30 p. m. Crockery, Glass and Silver Ware, 1 New Singer Sewing Machine, 1 SUPERIOR COOKING STOVE ! Nearly New. Kitchen Utensils, Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc. also 1 Family Carriage Horse, safe for a lady to drive. 1 set of Harness, ONE TOP BUGGY. iiadies' Low, Square Cut, and Good Ladies' Skirt Chemise. ii , Te" Dozen Extra Large Size, Fine Cambric and Trimmed with v . will be Offered at a Sacrifice. Ith hli Ladies' Mother 2E3ubbard ISTight Go I lain Tucked okes, Lace or Embroider-, very handsome and w( Ladies' "White Skirts. An Immense Varietv the Times. Ladies' Corset Covers. withmbSdery Made' and Gd Fitti 11 h ked -V,;C LADIES' BLACK SILK HOSE-A fine assortment, all sizesall mnliti v iixv iiuoc hi- nit? oust vmue in town. at Low Pripps. Tf Skirts, Linen Lace Trimmed Skirts, Rutiled and Tucked Skirts at vZ 1 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN 18 Premises open for inspection TUESDAY, February 14th, from 9 A. 3 P. M. M on to BUILDER James F. Morgan, 6t Aiictioiif-r. 75 and 77 Kino- Street, Bell Telephone No. 375. 65 - Honolu. Mutual Telephone ..e; Ed. Hoffschlaeger & Co., Kir St., opp. Messrs. Castle &. Cooke's, and Bethel St., opp. Post Office. IThe Trottinsr Stallion Doucaster. The exhibition of the New South Wales Agricultural . Society opened at Sydney January 25th. In the "Herald" of the 2Gth is an extended notice of the stock, and the following is found under the head of horses: "The trotting stock received a good deal of notice, especially the imported stallion Doncaster, a beautifully shaped son of Elmo and Lady Emily, whose splendid proportions, style and true gait were the theme of favorable comment among those who profess to know a good deal about trot ters." Mr. II. J. Asrnew formprlv owned Doncaster, and he took the ani mal to Sydney last August and sold him there. DRY GOODS, Fancy Goods, Haberdashery. Hosiery. Millinery. Fancy Goods, Ladles' and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, Clothing BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS, Hardware, Cutlery, Stationery, Clocks, Perfumery, Musical Instruments, Groceries. Crockery, Glassware, T fi T-T 1ST 1SJ nn m -x. v I I WINES, BEERS AND California Winea of Kohler k. San Francisco. LIQUORS, Frohling, Agency North British and Mercantile FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY Of London. AGENCY WESTERMAYER'S PIANOS. Nit. Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping 6ols. Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet iron m R7 ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO. dkw H. E. iVTelntyre & Bro., IMPORTERS AND DEALKKS IN Oceanic Steamship Co. Groceries, Provisions and Feed 4iiE EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. NOTICE. id FOR SAN FRANCISCO, The Al steamship -ArjSTIR A.L, Il ," New Goods received by x iuuucb oy everv sipampr cuy iree or charer Telephone No. 92 every pacuet from i. ralifnr' IfAd i?J?er8 ??l.t?f?1,y attenJed to, and Goods delivered to any j..rt of H island orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. J'ostofflee Vox No. :;j co ttpi j A" T THEJ ANNUAL! MEETING OP TUP stat Mill Co., held at the office of Wm n. Trwin & Co. on Wednesday, February 8, 1988, tbe fol lowing officers were elected to sere for the ensuing year. John Hind President James Renton Vice President Wm. G. Irwin Secretary and Treasurer Henry H Renton Auditor W. Q. IRWIN, iX Secretary Star Mill Co. Will leave Honolulu for the above port on TUESDAY, At Xoon. For freight or passage apply to Wm. G.Irwin & Co., AGENTS WING WO CHAN & CO, Commission Merchants, MAMMOTH SHIPMEVP or HAY A.D GRAIN, Just received and for Sale at LOWEST MARKET PRICE. TO SUBSCRIBEBS. SUBSCRIBERS TO THE PACIFIC COMXJ riAT. jnvFKTiwi? hn fnil to receive tr.?'- papers regularlv are requested to commnnic the fact to the o'ffice withou delay. Mutual ephone No. 78. tl NOTION. UNION FEED CO., JLI. HOLLISTER & CO., Druggists and Tobacconists, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. 59 Nuuanu Street, and cor. Fort & Merchant Sts. 83 wtf ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO Tmportern fc Commission Merchants. importers and dealers in all kinds of Chinese Provisions, Merchandise, Ciears, jDony furniture, Ebony and Marble Tables. Chinese and Japanese Crockery Ware. Dinner Sets, Tea Sets, Vases of all kin''.s. Mattings, Camphor Wood Trunks, Rattan Chairs, Clothing Baskets, etc. Silks, Satins. Embroidered Silk Hand kerchiefs. Grass Cloth, Crape Shawls and Crape Silks. All kinds and all styles of China and Japan Teas, of the latest importation. Opposite W. C. Peacock & Co., Nuu anu street, Honolulu, H. I. Mutual Telephone No. 18. P. O. F00K LUN & CO., 113 Nuuanu street, IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, Fire Crackers. New Desl 8aucers, Tea, Cigars, and all kinds of Fancy Good a. MESSRS. J. E. BROWN & CO. ARE AlTHC! iaed to collect subscriptions for the c. PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISEB. Honolulu, January 17, 1888. - NOTICE TO ARRIVE BY THE S, S. kfaliu To-daj Apples, Sweet and Caking. Pears. Prunes. Jams and Jell- Canned Fruits. Potatoes, Onions. Garlic, Cabbages. Cauliflower, & Walnuts, Hazel Nuts. Italian Chestnuts. I .-w ill 1 I We have now a steam nut roasting chine in full running order. Regular shipments by every steamer. SCTTwenty-five turkeys on hand. extra heavy corn id California Fruit PT-'