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PACIFIC' COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, FEBRUARY U, 1888.
OYSTERS IX SEASON. AN EXPERIENCED DEALER TELLS WHAT HE KNOWS ABOUT THEM. The Universal Demand and How It Is Supplied The dumber 'ew York Devours In a Day Oyster .j Flaitiag. LNew York Mail and Express. u There will be plenty of oysters this reason, n said a veteran oyster dealer of the North river -wholesale market. "I have received advices from all who fur nish me with the bivalves. From them I can assure the lovers of oysters that there will be do scarcity. We may have to send farther for them than in years gone by." " Where do you expect to get the oys ters?" A considerable number will be brought from the James river. The Po tomac promises t.o furnish a large quantity. Baltimore and the shores of eastern irginia bid fair to add largely to the supply. Besides these there will be about the usual quantity from iTince's bay, Key port, fchrewsbury river. East river. Iiockaway, the sound aud other places nearer home. There need be no fear of a famine in the oyster market. n "How many oysters will be required for the openiug of the season?" From the orders received by the dif ferent wholesale oyster dealers there was needed for the first day of .Ti-p-tember from 75,000 to KO.OlM imsaels for :(ew York. A bushel contains from 1-iO to -J00, according to size. That makes from 10.UUU.000 to 20,003,000 oysters. " "That seems a large number. Is each day s demand as great? M Pretty nearly. I should say that dur ing the whole season fully lu, 000,000 oys ters, reckoning at the average rate of bi valves to the bushel, will be required to supply the market each day. The con sumption of oysters is very large, some are eaten at the regular meals, others as a sort of luxury, like ice cream in sum mer. But osters seem always to be in good demand during the season. When scarce, it is hard work to keep up the sup ply; but it has to be done somehow or an other. " i ou speak of the season. Are nut oysters good all the year round!" "les. But it would not do if the de mand should be kept up all the summer as neavy as it is in the winter. Oysters would run out, and it would require tame laws to protect them from entire estruction. as it is, many natural oyster beds have beenannihi.ated through reckless fishing. 1 he demand is rendered les3 by its being considered unhealthy to eat o' iters when the letter r" does not appear in the name of the month. This allows the oysters time to spawn and to a great extent protects them without the exercises of the game laws. Besides which it helps the trade in clams. There ars persons so much inclined to the use of shelfhsh that they feel they cannot live without eating something of the bivahe kind. Consequently, when oysters are 'out of season." they consume claims, and thus give oysters a ret, as it were. "1 he cuith ation of the oyster is a.3 much a business now as the raising of garden truak. You would be surprised, if the statisti 8 could be had, at the num ber of. persons now engaged in I he arti fice production of ousters. The oyster was at one time the l.atural product of the Amer.ca.i waters. Years it was ouly necessary to hah for then. ow, as much care has to be ta.;en in planting them a in planting green stuif. To iob an oyster plantation isas much a crime as to rob a gardeu. And there are plenty of oyster thieves, too. . i an ting oysters has become quite a trade or profession, whichever you may like to call It. and the preparation of oysters for eating has also become an art You would think by reading the signs on an an oyster saloon that there are only a few way 8 of preparing oysters for use. But if . ou go to lelmonico's, or some of the first-class hotels, you will find there are a many ways of cooking oysters as there are varieties. 1 could not name all the ways that oysters cooked. But still they do not seem to be su.'Iicient to suit the demands of epicures, and more ways are being invented every season by the French and other foreign cooks. I re member the time when the people of New York were content with either a raw, a stew, a fry or a broiL But now oyttera have to be done up a la something or other. " "Are oysters shipped largely into the interior where they are not produced?" "Yea. The quantities that go west are something enormous. They are opened near the place of xroduction, and after being carefully packed are sent off by rati Even with the cost of transporta tion they can be shipped so that they are supplied to actual consumers nearly as cheaply as in New Y'ork. The canning pro cess has made them reach their destina tion in nearly as good a condition as when fresh opened. Of course there is a differ ence. But to those who cannot get the fresh oyster, those canned or barreled form a delicious substitute. I do not think much of the supply which comes to this market is thus disposed of. Those who come hero are either actually con- ; sumed in the city or in the outlying towns and villages. You must recollect that there is a very large population residing within a short distance of New York. They get their supply of fresh oysters from or through this market When this is taken into consideration it will easilj be understood that a supply of 20,000,000 oysters every day cannot be too many n legend of the Free Shooter." B-st-n Budaret.l Thefree shooter " is the name given to a hunter or marksman, who, by entering into a compact with the devil, yrocured balls, six of which infallibly hit, however great the distance while the seventh, or, according to some, one of the seven belonged to the devil, who directed it at his pleasure Legends of this nature were rife among the troopers of Germany of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, and during the thirty years' war. The story was adapted in lb4o to the opera composed by Weber in 1821, which has made it known in all civilized countries. An Interesting Collection. Chicago Times. A Michigan girl outdid her companions In & craze for autograph albums by hav ing about 100 letters from the same num ber of men bound in a volume for her parlor table. As the missives represented her extensive and unusual sentimental correspondence since she had arrived at the age of chirography, the collection proved very interesting to callers. Irlmrl's Iett Hor. Peat bogs cover about one-seventh of the surface of Ireland. Some of these bogs are supposed to represent 20.000 years of growth. BactOQ- pnly they despise riches vrao despair of them. OP FLOWERS. rSIaoric Ean in Town Topics. There were no roses till the first child died, No violets, no balmy-breathed heartsease, No heliotrope, nor buds so dear to bees. The honey-hearted woodbine, no gold-eyed And white-lashed daisy-flower, nor, stretch ing wide, Clover and cowslip-cups, like rival seas, Meeting and parting as the young Spring breeza Run? eiddy races playing seek and hide; For all flowers died when Eve left Paradise, And all the world was fiowerless awhile, Until a little child was laid in earth; Then from its grave grew violate for its eyes, And from its lips rose-petals for ita smile, And so all flowers from that child's death took birtb. Cats for the Coming War. Chronicle 'Undertones."! They are busy training carrier pigeons in t-urope for the coming war. They are experimenting with balloons and things. I have been requested on behalf of a friend of mine to publish his suggestion, which is worthy of the attention of mili tary authorities. It is cats. My friend says that a cat will always go back to the J plac you take it from. 1 know myself that cats will always come back to a place a bootjack has disloged them from. 1 know that a cat will never give up hunting a place where it has once been happy, however emphatic may be the re monstrances from the owner of the bed room below or above. But the joke about cats is now exhausted. However, this friend of mine says he once took a cat in a closed bag from Los Gatos to San Fran cisco by train. Well, that cat walked quietly back to I.os Gatos. My friend points out the wonderful value of this peculiarity in cats to an army to carry dispatches and do all sorts of use ful work. He suggests that every soldier should carry a cat in his kit. Some peo ple have heard of kits in a cat. but that is no matter. There are several points, however, my friend has not considered. If the army were beleaguered the cats would have to be eaten. Well, that is, after all, an advantage, for rometimes they do not even have cats. But cats have a way of taking their time that would not suit a war. There would be constant trouble between the sexes, too. and after all, perhaps, arr;er pigeons and balloons are better. He substantiates his position by another story of a cat, which, when the family moved in town, went back every night to the old place. The pro gramme of the usual concert, I suppose, in luded that old-time favorite, "Home Again. " Persian Karber-Shops. Foreign Correspcn ie ice. j In Persia the barber shops are entirely open. One of the common sights in the streets of Teheran is a man seated on the pavement against a wall, while a barber shaves the crown of his head. The bar ber s trade is among the most important in 1 ersia The customs enjoined by the Koran, or religious law, makes it indis pensible that barbers should abound in the country. The Koran makes it honor able for a man to wear a beard, but com mands the shaving of the head There are two great sects among those who accept the Mohammedan faith the Sheas and the Sunnees. The latter are all Turks and they shave the whole crown. excepting a tuft in the center, by which the archangel may draw them out of the grave But the Persians are Sheas, and they shave the enter of the head from the forehead to the neck, leaving a long curl on each side. It is curious so see even little boys with ' their heads thus polished. The Persians consider it a great disgrace to lose their side curls. As they all wear turbans, or black conical cape of Astrakhan lambskin, no oue would sus-' pect the head to be shaven until the cap is taken off. ' Then, indeed, the appearance of the head is exceedingly grotesque. It is evident that the care of the hair is a very important question in Persia. But this is not all. One rarely sees a gray beard or gray locks in Teheran. Lven the most venerable men have dark or red hair. The reason is because all, from the highest to the lowest, dye their hair. This is done first with henna, which gives it a reddish tint. Many prefer to leave it thus. But many add to the henna a second stain of indigo, and the combination of the two colors imparts to the hair a dark brown tint. Czar Nicholas in Love. Chicago Tribune. 1 How princes make love is told in the "Reminiscences of the Marciuis Custine, " which have just appeared in haris. When the Czar Nicholas was 16 years old he spent two days in Berlin, where he saw" the Princess Charlotte, two years younger, and of a delicate beauty which at once at tracted him She, however, showed no signs of reciprocating his affection. The evening before his departure he sat next to the princess at dinner. "I shall leave to-morrow, " he suddenly remarked. She did not show any surprise, but quickly answered, uWe shall all be sorry that you leave so soon. Cannot your de parture be delayed? " "That depends on vou. " "How so?" asked the princess. The prince now declared his loe, some what to her embarrassment, as she thought they would bo overheard. Asa pledge of her love he asked for the ring she wore, suggesting that no one would notice it if she took it off, and pressing it into a piece of bread pushed it toward his plata The ring, however, was not hers, but belonged to her governess, who had received it from the empress of Russia. And in taking it off to give it to the prince she read for the first time on the inside the inscription, "Empress of Russia. " Tj 'I earn How. Whitehall Times. If you want to know what a sermon should be ask some one who never wrote or preached one. If you want to know how to keep a hotel, ask some one who never tried to keep one. If you want to know how to run a dry goods store, ask some one who is unable to tell the diiierence between calico and satinett If you want to know how to manage a steamboat, ask some one who can not tell you the diiierence between a gunwale and a rudder post. p If you wish to listen to an interesting agricultural address, engage a man to de liver it, who never planted his foot on a farm. If you want to know how to edit a newspaper, ask the first man you meet; that is. if he never had any experience about a sanctum. Foundation of Consumption. Hall's Journal of Health. The foundation of three-fourths of all cases of consumption is laid before the age of 25 years; in women, durin"- their teens. A Novel Arrangement. A new Presbyterian church in Carroll lowa. has a novel arrangement for the ac commodation of bab-f- The corners of the auditorium are cu-:ined off. and be Uind each are cradles nd rocking-chairs. DOG-DAYS IX RUSSIA. FAIRY PLAYS AND OTHER ST. ERSBURG FRIVOLITIES. PET" Official Junketing Trips at the Tuhlic Cost The Czar's Visit to inland Merry St. Petersburgers Lively Competitive Contests. St. Petersburg Cor. New York Sun. The activity of the Russian officials, to all appearances, reaches its highest point in dog-days. Now. as in former years, there are scores of different commissions and committees, sub commissions and sub-committees traveling in all the parts of the country, presumably for the public ends. They seem to revise various branches of the administration, and to study on the spot different questions of national importance, such as epidemics, epizootics, the laying of new railways, the digging of new canals, the improve ment of rivers, the protection to some new industries, the struggle against grasshop pers, the Siberian marmots, the sectarians, and the Nihilists, the opening of new ports, and no end of other big points. It ought to be highly gratifying to the czar's subjects to see his officials earning their bread by the sweat of their brows. But the trouble is that they (the subjects- know very well that that unseasoned display of ol; cial activity is merely dog days .junketing at public cost Every year as the vacations approach the tchinovniks here vie with each other in in venting the public questions that should be studied on the spot. Some of these junketing trips are, nevertheless, de scribed in the newspapers at great length, as if they really meant business, .just now, for instance, all the journals of this capital are describing the czar's trip to 1 inlaid. On the shore of the Finnish bay, in a picturesque spot, there is a little town, Willman strand. The czar and czarina made up their minds to go there and see the sights. They wanted to go there by railway and to return back aboard of some man-of-war. To please such guests the Finns have b:dlt a railway from" Abo to Willman strand, a distance of sixteen miles. When everything was ready, in The Official Messenger there appeared an item stating that his majesty was going to review the armies of Finland. Now, those armies consist of nine battalions all told. For weeks the Finn soldiers were making triumphal arches, ornamenting the railroad stations with fir garlands, and covering the piatfoniis with red cloth. At last the czar, in company with scores of generals and courtiers, went on his Finnish journey, or, as the papers style it, "his triumphal march. M The Finn women presented to the c arina a little boat of their own make, and the men have in. various ways shown their loyalty. As soon, however, as the c ar was gone, the senate of Finland voted unanimously to goods imported it were, to cover perial trip. raise the tax on Russian to Finland in order, as the expenses of the im- Among other ollicial trips cf this sea son is worth noticing that of bishops. In the city of Kazan there met twelve bishops, each accompanied by half a doen learned theologians. They hold their meetings in a church and discuss means of bringing Mohammedan Tartars and the old believers to the bosom of the orthodox church, and of strengthening faith among ihe people. A bishop sug gested education as the best means for that end. But the rest of the theologians were unanimous in anathematizing mod- erDiedutaU,i.- "6,et; wiiac a iit'e tne nest educated people of St. Petersburg are liv ing!" remarked one of them During these dog-days the SL Peters burgers live as merrily as in anv other season. The fairy play is the rage of the day here. In all the suburban fashion able parks, gardens, and theaters they put up some fairy play. "The Journey to the Moon, " for instance, has been played here about a hundred times. Another play of the kind, the "Golden Apples," has been presented about seventy-five times, tne critic expressed his surprise at the success of these play s, which, as he said, "have no sense whatever. " "Sense!" answered a critic of The Novoe remya "We do not care for sense at all! bhow us beautiful forms graceful movements, expressive panto- mimes that is what we want. We arn tired of sensible dialogues. See what toes of steel has Mme. . oory, and did you ever see such a p-rsonincation of grace as is Mme. ukki; iiow charmingly fairy like she goes up to the moon:" Now the theater-goers in Arcadia and other dog days places of amusement will see charming scenes and a host of fairies; they will hear music and songs,' and notice ingenious disguises wonderful transformations, and sugges tive pantomimes. Competition in Russia is just now very lively. The czar s brother, Grand Duke ladimir. is watching the militarv cook competition in preparing the soldief mess, and he distributes personally the cook prizes of silver spoons with small sums of money. Theu the czar's uncle, Grand Duke Nicholas, oversees a curious race at a distance of 100 versts (sixty-seven miles) between the cavalry o 'icersand a railroad train, the former winning. Another czar's unce. Grand Duke Michael, is noting which of seven batteries will the quicker demolish its target, while the peasants of the neighborhood are thanking God for a good crop. It is well known here that the residents of several villages near Krasnoe Selo, where the big maneuvers take place, live exclusively on the bullets, cannonballs and bombshells they pick up orf their fields. A few days ago, near' Cronstadt, there was a race "between Rus sian and Finnish yachts, which competed for the prize of the ministry of marine, a six-ton 3'achL A I.ussian j-acht won the prize. As for horse races, we have them almost every day. Kind-IIearted Kochefort. .Chicago Tribune. It is said of Henri Kochefort, the Paris ian editor of Intransigeant, and who has in its columns advocated the sacking of the British embassy with all the emphasis the French tongue can afford, and who proclaims that Jules Ferry is a criminal the guillotine is too good for, has really a kindly heart and a sensitive disposition, and that recently, when one of his serv ants was injured, he dashed around bare headed until he had called up half the doctors in the neighborhood. Fiber of Silk. The fiber of silk is the longest con tinuous fiber known. An ordinary cocoon of a well-fed silk-worm will often reel 1,000 yards, and Count Doudolo gives an account of a cocoon yielding nearly 1,300 yards. What They Spend. It is estimated that New Yorkers spend no iess than $3,000,000 in summer recre tion every year. Of this, $1,000,000 goes to Newport and another $1,000,000 to Long Branch. imitations of English Swelldom. Cor Kansas City Times. 1 Newport is to the rest of America much What Louis Alv is to benjamin rrautk lin! When oue sees a fair lady driven about in a carriage with four horses, the tenders ridden bv postillions, ana with two footmen standing up behind, one rubs one s eyes and looks again to see if we are not somewhere else, anywhere else than in rpnuhlican America. And when one hears a ser ant address a very common place looking young man with: 1 es, my lord. " one hesitates to believe in the per- mnnpn of democratic institutions. Bos ton is one thins:. New York is another. and Philadelphia is another, but Newport i3 the essence oi aiL iise me r reucu cook who wanted fifty hams in order to o-Pt. inicp to make saiice enough for one salad dressinc:, so Newport takes many cities in order to get the essence of its summer frivoltv. I went to Newport with a man who was very much irritated by all he saw. The flnnkpvs and servants, the parade of wealth on every hand struck him as in congruous. The appearance of a young man at the Casino dressed in a beautiful fitting suit of white duck, with a pink ehirt and white collar, a light pink neck cloth and a light pink ribbon around his hat and a pink fiower in his button-hole, made my friend wretched. He wanted to throw water on him and did not cease his bitter speeches till the young man disap peared. Bat why so? I had no more desire to spoil him han I should have to cat. h a butterfiy and tear o;i one of its wings. If a certain number of men and women are willing to go to Newport and bear great expenses to make the place beautiful for my amusement, why should I gibe at them? These people cannot do anything else. Why be angry at a tower because it cannot dig with a spade? It always seems to me that a man who is ouite con tent with his own position, and the hon esty and usefulness of his own work would not be irritated by the occupations of other people. There is a taint of jealousy i in this ciisi Ke oi putternies. wnat you are quite indifferent toyou cannot dislike, and you cannot love. It is those who neither hate us nor love us-who torture us most successfully. And I fancy the ill-concealed indifference of these fashionable people is what most ir ritated my friend. He was nothing to them and he . did not like it. I wras nothing to them and I did not care the price of a herring whether I was or not And if you are eroina: to Newport with all sorts of prejudices of a democratic kind in your head you had better stop at horne. As well go tense dislike to see "Hamlet" with an in- of ghosts, or to see Irving with a temper alive to faults of manner. Fvervthinff in this world is to be taken with a thorough understanding before hand that it will taste better at some time or other. IJul Penmanship. If. Van Saitvoord in The Current. In spite of the theory of a bad penman who wrote a sprawling hand (was it not the first Napoleon?) that the poorer a man's handwriting is the more character it has. the majority of letter-writers, authors, scholars and journalists are en vious of the clerk and copyist with their one talent for writing a clear, and beauti ful hand As a nation, we have sadly de generated in the art of using the pen. Comparing the beautiful aud uniform handwriting of the last century with the skim-along, spider-track, rail-fence style of the present day, one almost regrets the fact that the goosequill has goncT out of fashion and a still and awkward writing implement been substituted in its stead. j. rortuhe awaifs tile maa- LQ-vf-m in--. vent a flexible writing stick not a gold pen tipped with platinum of some non corrosive material. It is so hard to break in a pen; and haviDg worn down the points to suit your style, they are likely to snap or splutter before you have tossed off a dozen pages of manuscript Then there is the annoyance of getting a fiber between the nibs, analogous to that of getting a bit of meat between the bi cuspids at the dinner-table; and nine per sons out of ten will wipe the pen frantic ally on the occiput to rid it of the filament and catch a hair! A new steel pen is as awkward as a phenomenally stiff collar. or a pair of new shoes; and, moreover, as the average penman is in continual danger of "impaling himself on his own pot hooks, " perhaps the only relief is found in the typo-writer, which seldom betrays one into a loose and slovenly style of handwriting. Sheridan and Sherman. New Yrrk Cor. hica ro Herald. Brevity of stature in Gen. Phil Sheri dan, by the way, is caused by his legs alone, for he is about as big as Gen. Sher man from the hips up. I saw them sit ting side by side, on a hotel veranda at Manhattan Beach, and their heads were on a level The gallant Phil is not sensi tive on the subject A girl came for his and Sherman's autographs in her album, and the generals wrote their names. She was not con tent, for she set her heart on a verse of "Sheridan's Ride" in his own handwrit ing. This he declined to grant Then she began to question him about that fa mous piece of equestrianism. His an swers were polite but not revelatory. "Now, Gen. Sherman," she at length asked, turning in pretty desperation to him, "what do,you imagine Gen. Sheridan said on mounting his steed?" "Well, I really don't know, "was the response, with a quizzical glance down at the legs of his fellow-officer, who had just got out of a chair; "but maybe he said to his orderly, 'Shorten these stirrup straps.' " An English oper's" Success. lid-Bits. Jack Sparrow, the English "coper; n is pretty well known in the trade, and manv a dealer at his wit's end to find a nag for a customer has been known to consult him generally with success though they have to keep both eyes very wide open to avoid being done up. Matching pairs is his forte, and the secret of his success in this line is the wonderful way in which he can carry in his mind s e. e the make, shape, size, and color of the horse to be matched, so that if, when driving about in his high break, or in the country, he sees a horse in a cab or elsewhere that he thinks likely to suit Mr. Lash's black, bay or brown, which he has been commissioned to match, he never leaves it until a deal is brought off, and in ninety-nine cases out of 100, when the two are put together, they are found to be as like as two Peas, and Jack. nart.Q r with, his new purchase at a large profit Memorizing. Chicago Herald.1 A professor at the university in Berlin, having tried it, says that it takes ten times as long to commit to memory eighty meaningless syllables as it does to master eighty that have meaning. A Hindoo Loom. A Hindoo loom complete is worth 63 cents, and weaves shawls, silks and mus lins, which our most expensive apparatus cannot equal. i i i i i ii mJLm -A- 1 I I IS IX ommercia PUBIilSHED JEVJEKY 3IORlB. Office, 46 and 48 Merchant Street, Honolulu THE ADVEETISER Represents the Interests of the Politician, the Merchant, the Planter, the Storekeeper, the Lawyer, the Workman, and, in fact, all Cliisses oi the Community. THE ADVERTISER Has for many years been noted for its Reports of Legislative Proceedings, Important Law Cases, etc. These are recorded t . v i: i . i . ... veiuuum wnen me importance THE ADVEETISER Is necessity to Every English-speaking Inhabitant of the Ji?0I? wI.fsires to Keep THE ADVEETISER Is copious and prompt in the publication of Local News, and its readers are kept constantly posted as to the course of events in other parts of the world, particularly in the United States. 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