PACIFIC' COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, FEBRUARY U, 1888.
OYSTERS IX SEASON.
AN EXPERIENCED DEALER TELLS
WHAT HE KNOWS ABOUT THEM.
The Universal Demand and How It Is
Supplied The dumber 'ew York
Devours In a Day Oyster
LNew York Mail and Express.
u There will be plenty of oysters this
reason, n said a veteran oyster dealer of
the North river -wholesale market. "I
have received advices from all who fur
nish me with the bivalves. From them I
can assure the lovers of oysters that there
will be do scarcity. We may have to
send farther for them than in years gone
" Where do you expect to get the oys
ters?" A considerable number will be
brought from the James river. The Po
tomac promises t.o furnish a large
quantity. Baltimore and the shores
of eastern irginia bid fair to add
largely to the supply. Besides these there
will be about the usual quantity from
iTince's bay, Key port, fchrewsbury river.
East river. Iiockaway, the sound aud
other places nearer home. There need be
no fear of a famine in the oyster market. n
"How many oysters will be required
for the openiug of the season?"
From the orders received by the dif
ferent wholesale oyster dealers there
was needed for the first day of .Ti-p-tember
from 75,000 to KO.OlM imsaels for
:(ew York. A bushel contains from 1-iO
to -J00, according to size. That makes
from 10.UUU.000 to 20,003,000 oysters. "
"That seems a large number. Is each
day s demand as great? M
Pretty nearly. I should say that dur
ing the whole season fully lu, 000,000 oys
ters, reckoning at the average rate of bi
valves to the bushel, will be required to
supply the market each day. The con
sumption of oysters is very large, some
are eaten at the regular meals, others as
a sort of luxury, like ice cream in sum
mer. But osters seem always to be in
good demand during the season. When
scarce, it is hard work to keep up the sup
ply; but it has to be done somehow or an
i ou speak of the season. Are nut
oysters good all the year round!"
"les. But it would not do if the de
mand should be kept up all the summer
as neavy as it is in the winter. Oysters
would run out, and it would require
tame laws to protect them from entire
estruction. as it is, many natural
oyster beds have beenannihi.ated through
reckless fishing. 1 he demand is rendered
les3 by its being considered unhealthy to
eat o' iters when the letter r" does not
appear in the name of the month. This
allows the oysters time to spawn and to
a great extent protects them without the
exercises of the game laws. Besides
which it helps the trade in clams. There
ars persons so much inclined to the use of
shelfhsh that they feel they cannot live
without eating something of the bivahe
kind. Consequently, when oysters are
'out of season." they consume claims, and
thus give oysters a ret, as it were.
"1 he cuith ation of the oyster is a.3
much a business now as the raising of
garden truak. You would be surprised,
if the statisti 8 could be had, at the num
ber of. persons now engaged in I he arti
fice production of ousters. The oyster
was at one time the l.atural product of
the Amer.ca.i waters. Years it was
ouly necessary to hah for then. ow, as
much care has to be ta.;en in planting
them a in planting green stuif. To iob
an oyster plantation isas much a crime as
to rob a gardeu. And there are plenty of
oyster thieves, too. . i an ting oysters has
become quite a trade or profession,
whichever you may like to call
It. and the preparation of oysters
for eating has also become an art
You would think by reading the signs on
an an oyster saloon that there are only a
few way 8 of preparing oysters for use.
But if . ou go to lelmonico's, or some of
the first-class hotels, you will find there
are a many ways of cooking oysters as
there are varieties. 1 could not name all
the ways that oysters cooked. But still
they do not seem to be su.'Iicient to suit
the demands of epicures, and more ways
are being invented every season by the
French and other foreign cooks. I re
member the time when the people of
New York were content with either a
raw, a stew, a fry or a broiL But now
oyttera have to be done up a la something
or other. "
"Are oysters shipped largely into the
interior where they are not produced?"
"Yea. The quantities that go west are
something enormous. They are opened
near the place of xroduction, and after
being carefully packed are sent off by
rati Even with the cost of transporta
tion they can be shipped so that they are
supplied to actual consumers nearly as
cheaply as in New Y'ork. The canning pro
cess has made them reach their destina
tion in nearly as good a condition as when
fresh opened. Of course there is a differ
ence. But to those who cannot get the
fresh oyster, those canned or barreled
form a delicious substitute. I do not
think much of the supply which comes to
this market is thus disposed of. Those
who come hero are either actually con- ;
sumed in the city or in the outlying towns
and villages. You must recollect that
there is a very large population residing
within a short distance of New York.
They get their supply of fresh oysters
from or through this market When this
is taken into consideration it will easilj
be understood that a supply of 20,000,000
oysters every day cannot be too many
legend of the Free Shooter."
Thefree shooter " is the name given to
a hunter or marksman, who, by entering
into a compact with the devil, yrocured
balls, six of which infallibly hit, however
great the distance while the seventh, or,
according to some, one of the seven
belonged to the devil, who directed it at
his pleasure Legends of this nature were
rife among the troopers of Germany of
the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries,
and during the thirty years' war. The
story was adapted in lb4o to the opera
composed by Weber in 1821, which has
made it known in all civilized countries.
An Interesting Collection.
A Michigan girl outdid her companions
In & craze for autograph albums by hav
ing about 100 letters from the same num
ber of men bound in a volume for her
parlor table. As the missives represented
her extensive and unusual sentimental
correspondence since she had arrived at
the age of chirography, the collection
proved very interesting to callers.
Irlmrl's Iett Hor.
Peat bogs cover about one-seventh of
the surface of Ireland. Some of these
bogs are supposed to represent 20.000
years of growth.
BactOQ- pnly they despise riches
vrao despair of them.
rSIaoric Ean in Town Topics.
There were no roses till the first child died,
No violets, no balmy-breathed heartsease,
No heliotrope, nor buds so dear to bees.
The honey-hearted woodbine, no gold-eyed
And white-lashed daisy-flower, nor, stretch
Clover and cowslip-cups, like rival seas,
Meeting and parting as the young Spring
Run? eiddy races playing seek and hide;
For all flowers died when Eve left Paradise,
And all the world was fiowerless awhile,
Until a little child was laid in earth;
Then from its grave grew violate for its eyes,
And from its lips rose-petals for ita smile,
And so all flowers from that child's death
Cats for the Coming War.
They are busy training carrier pigeons
in t-urope for the coming war. They are
experimenting with balloons and things.
I have been requested on behalf of a
friend of mine to publish his suggestion,
which is worthy of the attention of mili
tary authorities. It is cats. My friend
says that a cat will always go back to the J
plac you take it from. 1 know myself
that cats will always come back to a place
a bootjack has disloged them from. 1
know that a cat will never give up
hunting a place where it has once been
happy, however emphatic may be the re
monstrances from the owner of the bed
room below or above. But the joke about
cats is now exhausted. However, this
friend of mine says he once took a cat in
a closed bag from Los Gatos to San Fran
cisco by train. Well, that cat walked
quietly back to I.os Gatos.
My friend points out the wonderful
value of this peculiarity in cats to an army
to carry dispatches and do all sorts of use
ful work. He suggests that every soldier
should carry a cat in his kit. Some peo
ple have heard of kits in a cat. but that is
no matter. There are several points,
however, my friend has not considered.
If the army were beleaguered the cats
would have to be eaten. Well, that is,
after all, an advantage, for rometimes
they do not even have cats. But cats have
a way of taking their time that would not
suit a war. There would be constant
trouble between the sexes, too. and after
all, perhaps, arr;er pigeons and balloons
are better. He substantiates his position
by another story of a cat, which, when
the family moved in town, went back
every night to the old place. The pro
gramme of the usual concert, I suppose,
in luded that old-time favorite, "Home
Foreign Correspcn ie ice. j
In Persia the barber shops are entirely
open. One of the common sights in the
streets of Teheran is a man seated on the
pavement against a wall, while a barber
shaves the crown of his head. The bar
ber s trade is among the most important
in 1 ersia The customs enjoined by the
Koran, or religious law, makes it indis
pensible that barbers should abound in
the country. The Koran makes it honor
able for a man to wear a beard, but com
mands the shaving of the head
There are two great sects among those
who accept the Mohammedan faith the
Sheas and the Sunnees. The latter are all
Turks and they shave the whole crown.
excepting a tuft in the center, by which
the archangel may draw them out of the
grave But the Persians are Sheas, and
they shave the enter of the head from
the forehead to the neck, leaving a long
curl on each side. It is curious so see
even little boys with ' their heads thus
polished. The Persians consider it a great
disgrace to lose their side curls. As they
all wear turbans, or black conical cape of
Astrakhan lambskin, no oue would sus-'
pect the head to be shaven until the cap is
taken off. ' Then, indeed, the appearance
of the head is exceedingly grotesque.
It is evident that the care of the hair is
a very important question in Persia. But
this is not all. One rarely sees a gray
beard or gray locks in Teheran. Lven
the most venerable men have dark
or red hair. The reason is because
all, from the highest to the lowest,
dye their hair. This is done first with
henna, which gives it a reddish
tint. Many prefer to leave it thus. But
many add to the henna a second stain of
indigo, and the combination of the two
colors imparts to the hair a dark brown
Czar Nicholas in Love.
Chicago Tribune. 1
How princes make love is told in the
"Reminiscences of the Marciuis Custine, "
which have just appeared in haris. When
the Czar Nicholas was 16 years old he
spent two days in Berlin, where he saw"
the Princess Charlotte, two years younger,
and of a delicate beauty which at once at
tracted him She, however, showed no
signs of reciprocating his affection.
The evening before his departure he sat
next to the princess at dinner. "I shall
leave to-morrow, " he suddenly remarked.
She did not show any surprise, but
quickly answered, uWe shall all be sorry
that you leave so soon. Cannot your de
parture be delayed? " "That depends on
vou. " "How so?" asked the princess.
The prince now declared his loe, some
what to her embarrassment, as she
thought they would bo overheard. Asa
pledge of her love he asked for the ring
she wore, suggesting that no one would
notice it if she took it off, and pressing it
into a piece of bread pushed it toward his
plata The ring, however, was not hers,
but belonged to her governess, who had
received it from the empress of Russia.
And in taking it off to give it to the prince
she read for the first time on the inside
the inscription, "Empress of Russia. "
Tj 'I earn How.
If you want to know what a sermon
should be ask some one who never wrote
or preached one.
If you want to know how to keep a
hotel, ask some one who never tried to
If you want to know how to run a dry
goods store, ask some one who is unable
to tell the diiierence between calico and
If you want to know how to manage a
steamboat, ask some one who can not tell
you the diiierence between a gunwale and
a rudder post. p
If you wish to listen to an interesting
agricultural address, engage a man to de
liver it, who never planted his foot on a
If you want to know how to edit a
newspaper, ask the first man you meet;
that is. if he never had any experience
about a sanctum.
Foundation of Consumption.
Hall's Journal of Health.
The foundation of three-fourths of all
cases of consumption is laid before the
age of 25 years; in women, durin"- their
A Novel Arrangement.
A new Presbyterian church in Carroll
lowa. has a novel arrangement for the ac
commodation of bab-f- The corners of
the auditorium are cu-:ined off. and be
Uind each are cradles nd rocking-chairs.
DOG-DAYS IX RUSSIA.
FAIRY PLAYS AND OTHER ST.
Official Junketing Trips at the Tuhlic
Cost The Czar's Visit to inland
Merry St. Petersburgers Lively
St. Petersburg Cor. New York Sun.
The activity of the Russian officials, to
all appearances, reaches its highest point
in dog-days. Now. as in former years,
there are scores of different commissions
and committees, sub commissions and
sub-committees traveling in all the parts
of the country, presumably for the public
ends. They seem to revise various
branches of the administration, and to
study on the spot different questions of
national importance, such as epidemics,
epizootics, the laying of new railways,
the digging of new canals, the improve
ment of rivers, the protection to some new
industries, the struggle against grasshop
pers, the Siberian marmots, the sectarians,
and the Nihilists, the opening of new
ports, and no end of other big points. It
ought to be highly gratifying to the czar's
subjects to see his officials earning their
bread by the sweat of their brows.
But the trouble is that they (the subjects-
know very well that that unseasoned
display of ol; cial activity is merely dog
days .junketing at public cost Every
year as the vacations approach the
tchinovniks here vie with each other in in
venting the public questions that should
be studied on the spot. Some of these
junketing trips are, nevertheless, de
scribed in the newspapers at great length,
as if they really meant business, .just
now, for instance, all the journals of this
capital are describing the czar's trip to
On the shore of the Finnish bay, in a
picturesque spot, there is a little town,
Willman strand. The czar and czarina
made up their minds to go there and see
the sights. They wanted to go there by
railway and to return back aboard of
some man-of-war. To please such guests
the Finns have b:dlt a railway from" Abo
to Willman strand, a distance of sixteen
miles. When everything was ready, in
The Official Messenger there appeared an
item stating that his majesty was going to
review the armies of Finland. Now,
those armies consist of nine battalions all
told. For weeks the Finn soldiers were
making triumphal arches, ornamenting
the railroad stations with fir garlands, and
covering the piatfoniis with red cloth.
At last the czar, in company with
scores of generals and courtiers, went on
his Finnish journey, or, as the papers
style it, "his triumphal march. M The
Finn women presented to the c arina a
little boat of their own make, and the
men have in. various ways shown their
loyalty. As soon, however, as the c ar
was gone, the senate of Finland voted
it were, to cover
raise the tax on Russian
to Finland in order, as
the expenses of the im-
Among other ollicial trips cf this sea
son is worth noticing that of bishops.
In the city of Kazan there met twelve
bishops, each accompanied by half a
doen learned theologians. They hold
their meetings in a church and discuss
means of bringing Mohammedan Tartars
and the old believers to the bosom of the
orthodox church, and of strengthening
faith among ihe people. A bishop sug
gested education as the best means for
that end. But the rest of the theologians
were unanimous in anathematizing mod-
erDiedutaU,i.- "6,et; wiiac a iit'e tne nest
educated people of St. Petersburg are liv
ing!" remarked one of them
During these dog-days the SL Peters
burgers live as merrily as in anv other
season. The fairy play is the rage of the
day here. In all the suburban fashion
able parks, gardens, and theaters they put
up some fairy play. "The Journey to
the Moon, " for instance, has been played
here about a hundred times. Another
play of the kind, the "Golden Apples,"
has been presented about seventy-five
times, tne critic expressed his surprise
at the success of these play s, which, as he
said, "have no sense whatever. "
"Sense!" answered a critic of The
Novoe remya "We do not care for
sense at all! bhow us beautiful forms
movements, expressive panto-
mimes that is what
we want. We arn
tired of sensible dialogues. See what toes
of steel has Mme. . oory, and did you
ever see such a p-rsonincation of grace as
is Mme. ukki; iiow charmingly fairy
like she goes up to the moon:"
Now the theater-goers in Arcadia and
other dog days places of amusement will
see charming scenes and a host of fairies;
they will hear music and songs,'
and notice ingenious disguises
wonderful transformations, and sugges
Competition in Russia is just now very
lively. The czar s brother, Grand Duke
ladimir. is watching the militarv cook
competition in preparing the soldief mess,
and he distributes personally the cook
prizes of silver spoons with small sums of
money. Theu the czar's uncle, Grand
Duke Nicholas, oversees a curious race at
a distance of 100 versts (sixty-seven miles)
between the cavalry o 'icersand a railroad
train, the former winning. Another czar's
unce. Grand Duke Michael, is noting
which of seven batteries will the quicker
demolish its target, while the peasants of
the neighborhood are thanking God for a
good crop. It is well known here that
the residents of several villages near
Krasnoe Selo, where the big maneuvers
take place, live exclusively on the bullets,
cannonballs and bombshells they pick up
orf their fields. A few days ago, near'
Cronstadt, there was a race "between Rus
sian and Finnish yachts, which competed
for the prize of the ministry of marine, a
six-ton 3'achL A I.ussian j-acht won the
prize. As for horse races, we have them
almost every day.
It is said of Henri Kochefort, the Paris
ian editor of Intransigeant, and who has
in its columns advocated the sacking of
the British embassy with all the emphasis
the French tongue can afford, and who
proclaims that Jules Ferry is a criminal
the guillotine is too good for, has really a
kindly heart and a sensitive disposition,
and that recently, when one of his serv
ants was injured, he dashed around bare
headed until he had called up half the
doctors in the neighborhood.
Fiber of Silk.
The fiber of silk is the longest con
tinuous fiber known. An ordinary cocoon
of a well-fed silk-worm will often reel
1,000 yards, and Count Doudolo gives an
account of a cocoon yielding nearly 1,300
What They Spend.
It is estimated that New Yorkers spend
no iess than $3,000,000 in summer recre
tion every year. Of this, $1,000,000
goes to Newport and another $1,000,000
to Long Branch.
imitations of English Swelldom.
Cor Kansas City Times. 1
Newport is to the rest of America much
What Louis Alv is to benjamin rrautk
lin! When oue sees a fair lady driven
about in a carriage with four horses, the
tenders ridden bv postillions, ana with
two footmen standing up behind, one rubs
one s eyes and looks again to see if we are
not somewhere else, anywhere else than
in rpnuhlican America. And when one
hears a ser ant address a very common
place looking young man with: 1 es, my
lord. " one hesitates to believe in the per-
mnnpn of democratic institutions. Bos
ton is one thins:. New York is another.
and Philadelphia is another, but Newport
i3 the essence oi aiL iise me r reucu
cook who wanted fifty hams in order to
o-Pt. inicp to make saiice enough for one
salad dressinc:, so Newport takes many
cities in order to get the essence of its
I went to Newport with a man who was
very much irritated by all he saw. The
flnnkpvs and servants, the parade of
wealth on every hand struck him as in
congruous. The appearance of a young
man at the Casino dressed in a beautiful
fitting suit of white duck, with a pink
ehirt and white collar, a light pink neck
cloth and a light pink ribbon around his
hat and a pink fiower in his button-hole,
made my friend wretched. He wanted to
throw water on him and did not cease his
bitter speeches till the young man disap
peared. Bat why so? I had no more desire to
spoil him han I should have to cat. h a
butterfiy and tear o;i one of its wings. If
a certain number of men and women are
willing to go to Newport and bear great
expenses to make the place beautiful for
my amusement, why should I gibe at
them? These people cannot do anything
else. Why be angry at a tower because
it cannot dig with a spade? It always
seems to me that a man who is ouite con
tent with his own position, and the hon
esty and usefulness of his own work would
not be irritated by the occupations of
other people. There is a taint of jealousy i
in this ciisi Ke oi putternies. wnat you
are quite indifferent toyou cannot dislike,
and you cannot love.
It is those who neither hate us nor love
us-who torture us most successfully. And
I fancy the ill-concealed indifference of
these fashionable people is what most ir
ritated my friend. He was nothing to them
and he . did not like it. I wras nothing to
them and I did not care the price of a
herring whether I was or not And if
you are eroina: to Newport with all sorts
of prejudices of a democratic kind in
your head you had better stop at horne.
As well go
to see "Hamlet" with an in-
of ghosts, or to see Irving
with a temper alive to faults of manner.
Fvervthinff in this world is to be taken
with a thorough understanding before
hand that it will taste better at some time
If. Van Saitvoord in The Current.
In spite of the theory of a bad penman
who wrote a sprawling hand (was it not
the first Napoleon?) that the poorer a
man's handwriting is the more character
it has. the majority of letter-writers,
authors, scholars and journalists are en
vious of the clerk and copyist with their
one talent for writing a clear, and beauti
ful hand As a nation, we have sadly de
generated in the art of using the pen.
Comparing the beautiful aud uniform
handwriting of the last century with the
skim-along, spider-track, rail-fence style
of the present day, one almost regrets the
fact that the goosequill has goncT out of
fashion and a still and awkward writing
implement been substituted in its stead.
j. rortuhe awaifs tile maa- LQ-vf-m in--.
vent a flexible writing stick not a gold
pen tipped with platinum of some non
corrosive material. It is so hard to break
in a pen; and haviDg worn down the
points to suit your style, they are likely
to snap or splutter before you have tossed
off a dozen pages of manuscript Then
there is the annoyance of getting a fiber
between the nibs, analogous to that of
getting a bit of meat between the bi
cuspids at the dinner-table; and nine per
sons out of ten will wipe the pen frantic
ally on the occiput to rid it of the filament
and catch a hair! A new steel pen is as
awkward as a phenomenally stiff collar.
or a pair of new shoes; and, moreover, as
the average penman is in continual danger
of "impaling himself on his own pot
hooks, " perhaps the only relief is found
in the typo-writer, which seldom betrays
one into a loose and slovenly style of
Sheridan and Sherman.
New Yrrk Cor. hica ro Herald.
Brevity of stature in Gen. Phil Sheri
dan, by the way, is caused by his legs
alone, for he is about as big as Gen. Sher
man from the hips up. I saw them sit
ting side by side, on a hotel veranda at
Manhattan Beach, and their heads were
on a level The gallant Phil is not sensi
tive on the subject A girl came for
his and Sherman's autographs in
her album, and the generals
wrote their names. She was not con
tent, for she set her heart on a verse of
"Sheridan's Ride" in his own handwrit
ing. This he declined to grant Then
she began to question him about that fa
mous piece of equestrianism. His an
swers were polite but not revelatory.
"Now, Gen. Sherman," she at length
asked, turning in pretty desperation to him,
"what do,you imagine Gen. Sheridan said
on mounting his steed?"
"Well, I really don't know, "was the
response, with a quizzical glance down
at the legs of his fellow-officer, who had
just got out of a chair; "but maybe he
said to his orderly, 'Shorten these stirrup
An English oper's" Success.
Jack Sparrow, the English "coper; n is
pretty well known in the trade, and manv
a dealer at his wit's end to find
a nag for a customer has been
known to consult him generally
with success though they have to keep
both eyes very wide open to avoid being
done up. Matching pairs is his forte, and
the secret of his success in this line is the
wonderful way in which he can carry in
his mind s e. e the make, shape, size, and
color of the horse to be matched, so that
if, when driving about in his high break,
or in the country, he sees a horse in a cab
or elsewhere that he thinks likely to suit
Mr. Lash's black, bay or brown, which
he has been commissioned to match, he
never leaves it until a deal is brought off,
and in ninety-nine cases out of 100, when
the two are put together, they are found
to be as like as two Peas, and Jack. nart.Q
r with, his new purchase at a large profit
A professor at the university in Berlin,
having tried it, says that it takes ten
times as long to commit to memory eighty
meaningless syllables as it does to master
eighty that have meaning.
A Hindoo Loom.
A Hindoo loom complete is worth 63
cents, and weaves shawls, silks and mus
lins, which our most expensive apparatus
i i i i i ii
mJLm -A- 1 I I
PUBIilSHED JEVJEKY 3IORlB.
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LATEST NOVELTIES IN
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Every descriptiou of BOOK WORK.
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oi the occasion warrants
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