PACIFIC COMMEECIAL ADVERTISER, FEBRUARY 10, 1888.
INCREASE IN THE BUSINESS OF THE
Interesting Interview with an Oitl "Wash
ington ian now Early Administrations
Compare with the Present in Magni
tude The PostofSce Department.
The other day I met an old Wasbing
tonian, who has lived in this city ever sin?e
bo was born in 1x20. Ke has lived under
the shadow of the administration of Mon
roe, John Quincy Adams, Jackson, Van
Buren, Harrison, Tyler, Folk, Taylor, Fill
more, Fierce, Buchanan, Lincoln, Johnson,
Grant, Hayes, Garileld, and Arthur, and he
is now living under the administration of
Grover Cleveland, a man he never heard of
till within three years. I looked upon him
as a rich find, and iaviv -d him to my room,
and set my interviewing machine at work.
"How do tha early administrations under
which you lived compare with our modern
administrations in magnitude, and will you
please tell me about the personnel of the
government in the different departments."
"I was bom, as you will understand, dur
ing the administration of Monroe. Of
course I have no recollection of him, but
have an indistinct re.ollection of Adams,
for he went put when I was 'J years old. I
remember Jacksoa very distinctly, for he
went out when I was 17. He M as a small,
spare gentleman, with a thin determined
looking face, with hia gray hair brushed
backward, standing up. He was liever
very particular in his dre.-s. although on
state occasions he would handsome up and
look quite spruce. I remember the yellow
ish white beaver hat he wore, which gave
him a distinguished appearance. I have
aeen him lots of times sitting on the back
verandah of the "White House smoking a
DEPARTMENTS IN OLD HICKORY'S TIME.
"The difference between the executive
branch of the government and that of to
day is about the same as it i3 between a
country store and a wholesale dry goods
house. Why, my dear sir, in the treasury
department there were not more than
s-eventy-five clerks and employes, and now
they have if I am not mistaken, about 3,CKX),
including the employes of the pension and
printing bureaus. You must remember the
revenue under Jackson's administration
omy amounted to an average of about
000,000 per annum, now it is about &JO0,O00,
000. He .did not have 300,000 pensioners to
provide for, which alone requires an army
of cle;k; he had no printing bureau to run,
whLh also requires about a regimmt of em
ployes. He was not engaged ia putting up
immerse and costly buildings, as our gov
ernment i3 now doing. The war and state
depa:tmeiiti probabijf employ about three
times as many clerks as they did under
Jackson. The interior department was not
in e istence then, which employs a good
many hundreds of clerks. The employes of
the postotiice department, including post
mfcs.te.sand their clerks, did not number
more than 5,003. Now they number 75,00J.
'The number of letters handled in those
good old days did not equal one hundredth
of those handled to-day. You see postage
then was rated 6, 12, 18, and 25 cents
'per sheet, ' no matter how large or how
small each sh.et might be, and these rates
were cha ged according to distance. On a
ver written on a sheet accompanied by an
:tvoi.e, mailed at Xew York for Cleveland,
Bu.talo, or other points of equal or greater
distance the postage was 10 cents!
NOT QUITE SO LARGE A MACHINE.
"The mails were almost universally car
ried by stage coaches or on horseback. You
can see from this the early presidents did
not have quite so large a machine to handle
as the president of to day have."
"Didn't they weigh their letters to ascer
tain how much postage to charge?"
"Why, no. The postmasters were re
quired to find out fro'ii the appearance and
thickness of a let.ei- how m my sheets com
posed it. It wasgtn?rally mere guess work
Ihey u.ed noenvoioxs then, Two small
shte: would frequent y le charged twice a
union as a lett.-r written on a sheet several
times las large."
"Were there as many callers at the
White House in those days as there are
"Why, bless your soul, there wer not
one-H.fti.th as many In those days there
wre not 1 per cent, as many strangers vij
iting in Washington as th 'iearenow. We
had only one prominent hotel, called 4Gads
by's hotel. ' It stood on the s-ite of the Na
tional hotel. Tiiere were no railroads to
bring people h?re. Washington was a m. re
village in size."
"Do you remember anything very peculiar
about Old Hi korysf"
"He had this -p-jculiarity. lie would stand
by his friends cost what it would, even if it
involved his reput uion. lie was very
marked in that respect." Bid Nye in Chi
The Journalistic GiU ibaKIi of Russia.
Ivan Aksakoff, who died at Moscow re
cently, was the journalistic Garibaldi of
Russia, He was the only man in liu sia
stronger than the czar, who had to f;lk..v
where Aksakoff led. AksakofI was the
author of the last war against Turkey, and
Gen. Skobeleff was his mi.itary lieutenant.
Aksakoff's tierce attacks on the oat's
policy in the present Bulgarian imbroglio
brought nine warnings from the press
censor, all of which the editor of The liuss
As AksakolT was the head and leader of
Russian Fan Slavism, it would be danger
ous to suppress him; so he died of heart
disease, like Skobelelf, and The Russ will
appear no more. The special correspondent
of The London News says he has been
shown proof by a distinguished member of
the Russian Pan Slavist party that "Aksa
koff was murde. ed, as Gea Skobeleff had
been." The informant declared that both
murders were accomplished by the German
faction, acting at the beck of Prince Bis
marck Chicago Tribune.
Training Ioy;s for Picket-Post Duty.
The exp?rience of the Soudan campaign
has induced the military authorities of sev
eral European countries to try the experi
ment of training dogs for picket-post duty.
In dark nights their qualification for that
business is evidently superior to that of the
most sagacious biped, and the plan of utiliz
ing their talent has been tried centuries ago.
During the conquest of Nicaragua, Balboa's
camp was always guarded by four-legged
sentries, and Baryatinski's scouts were re
peateily baffled by the vigilance of the
watch-dogs that accompanied the Circassian
guerrillas on ail their campaigns. Dr
Felix L. Oswald.
The free shooter" is the name given to
a hunter or marksman, who, by eutering
into a compact with the devil, procured
balls, six of which infallibly hit, however
great the distance while the seventh, or,
according to some, one of the seven
belonged to the devil, who directed it at
his pleasure. Legends of this nature were
rife araong the troopers of Germany of
th3 fourteenth -and fifteenth centuries,
and during the thirty years' war. The
story was adapted in 143 to the opera
composed by Weber in 1821, which has
niuda it known in all civilized countries.
A Remarkable Case.
Under the above heading the "Don
caster Reporter" of July 6, 18S7, pub
lishes the following in its editorial col
umns: Our readers may recall the circumstance
of a yonng clerk, named Arthur Richoid,
falling insensible on the Wheatley Lane in
this town some time ago, and being picked
up, as he continued perfectly helpless, and
taken in a cab by two gentlemen to the
office of F. W. Fisher, Esq., the solicitor
who employed him. On restoring him to
consciouspess it was ascertained that
he was alflicted with what seemed to be an
incurable disease. When he was able to
speak he said he had been to his dinner
and was on his way back to his work,
when suddenly his head was in a whirl and
he fell in the street like a man who is
knocked down. On coming to his senses
in the solicitor's office he thought what
this might mean, and feared he was going
to have a fit of illness, which we all know
is a very dreadful thing for a poor man
with a family to care for.
With this in his mind he at once sought
the best medical advice, telling the doctors
how he had been attacked. They ques
tioned him, and found that his present
malady was exhaustion of the nervous
system, resulting from general debility,
indigestion and dyspepsia of a chronic
nature. This in turn had been caused by
confinement to his desk and grief at the
loss of dear friends by death. The coming
on of this strange disease, as described by
Mr. Richoid, must be of interest both to
sick and well. He had noticed for several
years previously, in fact, that his eyes and
face began to have a yellow look; there
was a sticky and unpleasant slime on the
gums and teeth in the morning; the
tongue coated ; and the bowels so bound
and costive that it induced that most pain
ful and troublesome ailment the piles.
He says there was some pain in the sides
and back and a sense of fullness on the
right tide, as though the liver were enlarg
ing, which proved to be a terrible fact.
The secretions from the kidneys would be
scanty and high-coloredi with a kind of
gritty or sandy deposit after standing.
These things had troubled Mr. Richoid a
long time, and after his fall in the street
he clearly perceived that his fit of giddi
ness was nothing more than a sign of the
steady and deadly advance of the com
plaint, which began in indigestion and dys
pepsia. His story of how he went from
one physician to another in search of a
cure that his wife and little ones might
not come to want is very pathetic and
touching. Finally he became too ill to
keep his situation and had to give it up.
This was a sad calamity. He was appalled
to think of how he should be able to live.
But God raised up friends who helped to
keep the wolf from the door. He then
went to the seaside at Walton on-the-Naze,
but neither the change, nor the physicians
who treated him there, did any good. All
being without avail he visited London,
with a sort of vague hope that some ad
vantage might happen to him in the me
tropolis. This was in October, 1885.
How wonderful, indeed, are the ways of
Providence, which dashes down our high
est hopes and then helps us when we least
While in London he stated his condition
to a friend, who strongly advised him to
try a medicine which he called Mother
Seigel's Curative Syrup, saying it was gen
uine and honest, and often cured when
everthing else had failed. He bought a
bottle of a chemist in Pimlico, and began
using it according to the directions. He
did this without any faith or hope, and
the public may, therefore, judge of his
surprise and pleasure when after taking a
few doses he felt great relief. He could eat
better, his food distressed him less, the
symptoms we have named abated, the
dark spots which had floated before his
eyes like smuts of soot gradually disap
peared, and his strength increased. Before
this time his knees would knock together
whenever he tried to walk. So encouraged
was he now that he kept on using Mother
Seigel's Curative Syrup until it ended in
completely curing him. .
In speaking of his wonderful recovery
Mr. Richoid says it made him think of
poor Robinson Crusoe, and his deliver
ance from captivity on his island in the
sea; and added, "But for Mother Seigel's
Curative Syrup the grass would now be
growing over my grave."
Our readers can rest assured of the strict
truth of all the statements in this most re
markable case, as Mr. Richoid (now resid
ing at Swiss Cottage, Walton-on-the-Naze,)
belongs to one of me oldest and most re
spected families in the beautiful village of
Long Melford, Suffolk, and his personal
character is attested by so high an au
thority as the Rev. C. J. Martyn. We
have deemed the case of such importance
to the public as to justify us in giving this
short account of it in our columns.
BouefV'.eal! Bone Meal
BONE MEAL WARRANTED PUREFROM
the Manufactory of BUCK & AfellLAND
San Francisco. Orders foi this
w 11 now be received by the undersigned. Planters
a -e requested to send their orders In early, so that
t lere will be no delay in having them tilled in
ime for the planting season. Also,
A Fine Fertilizer for Cane.
Ordersreceived in quantities to suit.
2l-wt WM.G.IRWLN &CO.,Agent8.
8. C. ALL EX,
M. P BOBLNSON.
ALLEN & ROBINSON,
AT KOniXSOX S WHARF, DEALERS
IN LUMBER and all kinds of BUILDING
MATERIALS, Paints, Oils, Nails, etc., etc.
AS EXT FOB SCHOOXER5
U I LAMA
LEA II I
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 80-wu
THE UNDERSIGNED, FAMILIAR 'WITH THE
jl management oi me outside plantation worK,
seeks an engagement as head luua. Address;
2t -w Eagle House, HonolnHi.
Ed Heffschlaeger & Co.
Have removed their office and their well-assorted
stock of goods to their
New Store on Ifa St.,
Opposile Messrs. Castle & Cooke's, and
Bethel St., 0pp. Post Office.
Ed. Msclilacser & Co.
THIS PAPER IS OH FILE
PALMER & REY'S
405-7 P'nsomc t San Francisco.
PALMER &. REY'S
Pacific States Advertising Bureau!
4G Tribune BuiUing,
Where .ilvortlshijj Contracts ca l be made
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
tJUHJU-IXCSS, 3IEKCHAXDISE, FUR-
JLP mture and JUacninery insured against Fire on
the most favorable terms
A. JAEGER Agent for the Hawaiian
H. E. MoINTYEE & BE0THEE
GROCERY fc FEED STORE,
Corner of Fort and King streets,
79-wtf llonol Jlu, II. I
JB , EAKFAST.
"By a thorough knowledge o. the natural laws
vhlcbgovern the operations of digestion and nu
trition, and by a careful application of the tine
properties o well-selected cocoa, Mr. Epps has
provided our breakfast tables with a delicately
flavoured beverage which may savi; us many
heavy doctor s bills. It is by the judicious use of
such articles of diet that a constitution may be
gradually built up until strong enough to resist
every tendency to disease. Hundreds of subtle
maladies are floating around us read3' to attack
wherever there Is a weak point. We may escape
many a fatal shaft by keeping onrselves well
fortified with pure blood and a property nourished
frame." Seearticle in the Civil Service Gazette. !
Made simply with boiling water or milk.
Sold In M'lb. packets by grocers labelled thus
JAMES EPPS &, CO.,
HOMOEOPATHIC CHEMIST 8.
96 a-n25 LONDON; ENGLAND.
E. S. CUNHA,
Jetall Wine Dealer, Union Saloon,
In the rear of the Hawaiian Gazette Building
No. 23 Merchant Street. 92-wtf
Choice Ales, Wines and Liquors,
Corner Nuuauii and Hotel Sts.
82 wtf JAMES OLDS, Proprietor
Western V Hawaiian Investment Co.,
Money Loaned on First Class Securi
ties, or long or short period. Apply to
V. L. GREEN, Manager pro tem.
Office on Queen St., over G. W. Macfarlane fc Co
L. P. FISHER,
ADVERTISING AGENT, 21 MERCHANTS
EXCHANGE, San Francisco, California, is
authorized to receive advertisements for the col
umns of this paper.
Im. P. FISHER'S
.: Rooms 20 and 21, Merchants' Exchange
California Street, San Francisco.
ST S B. Adrertlslnsr Solicited for all
Newspapers Published on the Pie ifie Coast,
the Sandwich Islands, Polynesia. Mexican
Ports, Panama, Valparaiso, Japan, China,
Xew Zealand, the Australian Colonies, the
Eastern States and Europe. Files of nearly
eiery Newspaper Published on the Pacific
oast are kept Constantly on Hand, and all
adrertisers are allowed free access to them
dnrine Business Honrs. The PACIFIC C03I
3IEBCIAL ADVERTISER Is kept on file at
he OfSee of L. P. FISHER. 86-wtf
irTD ADAT TT A "XT
81 K I3f STREET,
GL J. WALLER,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
ETC., ETC., ETC.,
UNLIKE many kinds of cathartic
medicines, do not make you feel
worse before you feel better. Their op
eration is ' gentle, but thorough, and
unattended with disagreeable effects,
such as nausea, griping pains, etc.
Seigel's Operating Pills are the best
family physic that has ever been discov
ered. Thev cleanse the bowels from all
irritating substances, and leave them in
a healthy condition'.
The best remedy extant for the bane
of our lives constipation and sluggish
These Pills prevent fevers and all
kinds of sickness, by removing all pois
onous matter from the bowels. They
operate briskly, yet mildly, without anv
If you take a severe cold, and are
threatened with a fever, with pains in
the head, back, and limbs, one or two
doses of Seigel's Operating Pills will
break up the cold and prevent the fever.
A coated tongue, with a brackish
taste, is caused by foul matter in the
stomach. A few doses of Seigel's
Operating Pills will cleanse the stom
ach, remove the bad taste, and restore
the appetite, and with it bring good
Oftentimes disease, or partiallr de
cayed food, causes sickness, nausea and
diarrhoea. If the bowels are cleansed
from this impurity with a dose of
Seigel's Operating Pills, these disa
greeable effects will vanish, and good
health will result.
Seigel's Operating Pills prevent
ill-effects from excess m eating or drink
ing. A good dose at bedtime renders a
person fit for business in the morning.
These Pills, being sugar-coated, are
pleasant to take. The disagreeable taste
common to most pills is obviated.
For Sale- by all Chemists, .Druggists
and Medicine Vendors.
i , . wnnu.
8a Fort St., Ilonoluln, II. I.
HOLLISTER & CO.,
Druggists and Tobacconists,
TVIIOI.ESAI.E AXD RET All.
59 Nnnann Street, and cor. Fort fe Merchant St.
Iea&ng Daily N'&wspaper
Office, 40 and 48 Merchant Street, Honolulu,
Represents the Interests of the Politician, the Merchant, the
Planter, the Storekeeper, the Lawyer, the Workman, and, in
fact, all Ch.sses ;f the Community.
Has for many years been noted for its Reports of Legislative
Proceedings, Important Law Cases, etc. These are recorded
Verbatim when the importance of the occasion warrants it.
Is a necessity to Every English-speaking Inhabitant of the
Kingdom who desires to keep pace with the times.
Is copious and prompt in the publication of Local Xews, and
its readers are kept constantly posted as to the course of events
in other parts of the world, particularly in the United States.
Is specially adapted for
Daily Edition, per annum
per nan year
" it . .1.
Weekly Edition, per annum 5 00
" " to Foreign Countries CM
SUBSCRIPTIONS PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
THE JOB PRINTING OFFICE
Is replete with every requisite
LATEST NOVELTIES IN
The Job Printing Departmen
Every descriptiou of BOOK WORK. BooksJ andBlank Forms; Ruled
Prices are strictly moderate and
other office in the city.
residents of the outlying
3 W I
which modern ingenuity has devised.
will compare favorably with those of r-T
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