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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, FEBRUARY 17, 1888.
HE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED Ci V 11, It I iU V Itl 11 Or. :o:- TEUHS OF SUBSCRIPTION, Per annum - 00 Six months .. 3 00 Per montn.. , 50c asrSaHcriitUtnn Payable Always lii Advance. Communications from all parts of the Kingdom 111 always be very acceptable. Persons residing in any part of the United .States tan remit the amount of subscription due by Tost Office money order. Matter inteuded for publication in the editorial rolomns should be addressed to Editor Pacific Comukbcial advertiser. Business communications and advertiseuents snoulc be addressed simply P. C. Advebtiskb, an1 not to Individuals THE Pacific Commercial Advertiser (snow for sale daily at the Fell jwiner place.?: 1 . H. SOPER.... . . Merchant str-t L. M. IIEWET T Merchant street T. O. 1 if RUM Fort street STii.. . LMANS Hawaiian Hotel Five Out per l'oy. PRIDAY : : : : : February 17th A LESSON IN ROAD MAKING, We are not aware whether the present incumbent of the office of Road Super visor has ever visited the old world, or whether he has examined with the criti cal ejTe of an expert any of those historic highways of which the Appian way is the most familiar example, some of which, though constructed by the Ro man invaders some twenty centuries ago, are in use in England at the pres ent day. We, however, incline to the belief that he has not had this ndvan tage. Be this .as it may, the roads we are condemned to walk upon exhibit a utriking disparity when compared with those we have alluded to as the out come of ancient skill. We are well aware that seme modifications have been introduced in the ystem of con struction in modern times, but there are certain fundamental principles which can scarcely be supplanted with advan tage. In the first place, no road, how ever well constructed in other respects, can possibly endure unless some effect ive provision is made to carry off the water. Where this is not done the road will be a quagmire in wet weather and its surface will soon be destroyed. Some notable examples of this fact may .be observed in Alakea, Beretania, Emma, Punchbowl and some other streets in and around the city. To make a convex surface is not sufficient, es )ecially in a climate where heavy tropi cal showers are of frequent occurrence. A drain must be cut to afford an outlet for the surplus water. One has only to wade through Honolulu after a heavy down-pour to see the rivers coursing down the streets, and it will be found that these invariably take the same courses. Why then should not these natural channels be deepened? The flow would then be concentrated ; an increase of depth must always be fol lowed by a dimunition in width. Hence a smaller surface would be exposed to this species of wear and tear. Moreover, there is another radical defect in the local method of construction. The ma terial of the road surfaces is too soft, and this in a great measure accounts for the unreasonable amount of mud. We have sometimes seen holes where puddles lie tilled in with earth, by way of repairing it, a practice greatly to be deprecated. The approved material for this purpose, which we have ordinarily seen adopted in other countries, is broken stone of some description. It must be admitted that the Road Scpervisor has not been idle since his appointment; the roads have greatly improved under his care; but in the absence of drainage and of sufficiently hard material the work ac complished will not endure, neither will it be as free from mud as it might be. A Temperance Iesoii. The "Missionary Herald" for Febru ary contains the following: "A notable lesson in temperance was given the other day at Honolulu by the Consul General of Japan, Mr. Ando, who is a native Japanese. He had received as a present from some friends in Japan two casks of liquor ; but with the purpose of warning his fellow-countrymen on Ha waii against drinking habits, and to show them that he meant what he had said on the subject of temperance, he took the casks into his yard, had holes bored into them and poured out the contents upon the ground. Would that all consuls were like this Japanese official at the Sandwich Islands!" Islautl Views. By calling at J. Gonsalves' photo graphic galley, Fort street, you can ob tain views of the different points of in terest on all the islands of the group and of the Volcano. Photographs taten in 21 ttyles. t Calling on an Emir. Youth's Cmpin!on. When Dr. Landsell, during his latfi Asiatic tour, visited the emir of Sa markand, he thought it best to make most of his opportunites in the follow ing fashion: 'I first put on my cassock, that did duty when I went "to the court of St. James. Over this I put on a gorgeous, gold-embroidered waistcoat, adapted from a garment I bought in Servia, aa a specimen of a Sevarian gentleman's vest grand enough for a general and tied a cincture at the bottom, with ends hanging at the side, and over these I hung my scarlet hood. "Fortunately, perhaps, there wr.s no mirror in the room, or my heart might have failed me; but I next put round my neck a provincial grand chaplain's collar of purple and gold, and on this pinned three or four Masonic jewels, by way of medals, and slung at the bottom my pocket Bible, after which my cos tume was completed by a college cap; and thus arraved I mounted my palfrey and sallied forth. My two dignities went in front, preceded by a whole bevy of officials, and the two interpret ers came after. "Of course I looked at the people as we passed through the streets. Need I say that they looked still harder at me, doing my utmost, as I was, to keep my countenance? The boys, not content with a passing glance, ran before, and kept turning round to look, and in the bazaar buyers and sellers stopped their bargaining in order to gaze. "All went well, however, and we reached the citadel. This is a large artificial mound, surrounded by high clay walls, having an imposing gate way, with a chamber above and a tower on either side. A number of troops were drawn up, who received me with a salute, and we dismounted, to be received by two otiicers at the en trance, one of whom took charge of my presents for his master. We then crossed the first court, and on entering the sec ond, I caught sight of his majesty at a distance through an open door. "The audience-chamber was a good sized room, carpeted all over, but with out a stick of furniture, except two roughly-made deal chairs, with crim son seats. The emir was perched on one, and after giving me a feeble shake of the hand, he motioned me to the other." After explaining the nature of his mission to the emir, which was to distribute good books in prisons and hospitals, and examine antiquities, the doctor took his leave in the same formal way. The Messenger ISoy's Lot. Philadelphia Times. Altogether, the lot of a messenger boy is not a happy one. They are subjected to e posure in all sorts of weather and have to take their turns in working all night. The little fellow3 walk a num ber of miles in the course of a day or night and in carrying the hundreds of dispatches nightly to the newspaper of fices they have many a night of stairs to elimb. No matter how hard it rains or snows or blows, the messenger boy has to go out in the storm. He can t wait for the abatement of the storm, because his message is an important one, and must be executed at once. These boys carry in sealed envelopes the news of the world from the telegraph orfices to tne newspaper offices, and as a rule they run the errands with dispatch. Of course they play and loiter along the streets, because they are boys, but the loitering is generally done after they have delivered their messages, when they are on their way back to the tele graph office. None of the district offices employ a sufficient number of boys They manage to have only enough toys to keep the messengers they have busy. This, of course, is an economic move which the messenger boy does not understand. Like other public servants, the boys get a dime or a quarter here and there now and then. Their association with street life and the queer scenes they come in contact with has a tendency to make them tough, and by the time they have grad uated from the messenger service they know pretty much all that is worth knowing about the shadows and lights of a great city. They carry love mes sages to expectant girls and messages that help to break women's hearts. They see a great many things that most people don't see and they know more than the ordinary observer gives them credit for. Said a manager: "We are very par ticular about the boys we employ. Every one must read readily and give two "or three good recommendations. Very few boys are taken under 13 years of age, and most of them average be tween i; and 1(5. We give our boys lectures sometimes and thoroughly in struct them how to deliver packages and run errands. So well have they teen trained that they could not bo stopped on the street." Acres of Sunflowers. New Ycrk Sun. Very many of the spring chickens sold in this city are raised on sunflower seed. At many points in New Jersey there are chicken fanns where chickens are raised by the thousand. Many re ceive their first start in life from the incubator, and when large enough are put on a diet of sunflower seeds, which are full of oil and are very fattening. The sunflower gives little trouble to tlie farmer, as it is a hardy plant and grows without cultivation. Some farmers plant three and four acres of sunflow ers, and such fields have a surprisingly gaudy appearance. The perfume is sickening, but when turned into spriug chicken the sunflower becomes a pleas ing table ornament. A Money-Vjresser. Detroit Free Press. There is a man who makes his living in New York by his manipulation of old coin. He buys the plugged silver pieces and chipped copper coins that are dropped into the gate boxes along the elevated railroad, and fixes the money up so that it will pass again. Now and then he comes across a rare coin worth many times its face value. He calls himself a "Money-dresser. Obituary Verses. Exchange. It was a custom in years gone by, on the death of an eminent person, for hia friends to compose short laudatory verses, epitaphs, etc., and to affix them to the hearse or grave with pins, wax, paste, etc. THE DEBASING CLUB. Adoption of a Const j ml ion and IIy Lanm aud election ol Officers. An adjourned meeting of the Debating Club was held last evening at the Bell Tower. Mr. A. B. Scrimgeour was aj pointed temporary Chairman in place of Mr. Walter Hill. Secretary J. F. Smith read the minutes of the previous meet ing, which were approved. Twenty seven members answered the roll call. The report of the Committee on Ways and Means was then read. The Com mittee had made many inquiries as to a suitable hall, and recommend the room of Oahu Lodge, K. of P., on Fort street. It could be obtained for $40 per quarter on lease of one year, which included light, janitor fees, etc. The report was accepted and laid on the table. The report of the Committee on Or ganization was read. The name given to the society is "Honolulu Literary and Debating Society," and its ob ject is for the improvement and intertainment of its members. There is to be a President, first and second Vice Piesidents, Secretary and Treasurer. Also a literary committe of five, a finance committee of three and a committee on membership of three. Thursday is the night of meeting. After some discussion and amendments, the constitution and by-laws were adopted. The report of the committee on ways and means was then taken up, read and adopted. A motion to adjourn was lost by a vote of 18 to 16. The election of officers was then pro ceeded with. Following is the result: President, Walter Hill; First Vice Presi dent, A. B. Scrimgeour; Second Vice President, Hugh Gunn ; Secretary, John F. Smith; Treasurer, W. 11. Hoogs. The following committees were ap pointed : Literary Daniel Logan, C.T. Rodgers, M. D., Alex. Robertson, F. B. Auerbach and W. H. Mclnerny. Finance E. O. White, S. F. Graham and F. Waldron. Membership A. W. Carter, Eekart and L. B. Kerr. The meeting then adjourned. Profits of Susar-inakiii; iu Kansa. The Kansas Legislature offered a bounty of two cents a pound on all sugar made from sorghum, beets or other sugar-yielding crops grown in the State, and Congress made an appropriation to encourage experiments in the diffusion process. Stimulated by these offers, the Parkinson mill at Fort Scott secured a supply of cane from the farmers , in the vicinity by contracting for it in the spring. In its operations in the fall it consumed 3,840 tons of cane, grown on 450 acres of land. The product was 235,820 pounds of sugar, valued at 5?4 cents a pound $13,559; 51,000 gallons syrup, worth 20 cents a gallon $10,200 ; 4G7 tons seed, estimated at $7,000, to which is to be added the State bounty of 2 cent a pound on the sugar $4,71G making the total receipts $34,47G. The expenses were : 3,840 tons of cane at $2 a ton $7,680 ; 967 tons of seed at $2 a I ton $1,943; labor, fuel, salaries, insur ance and incidentals $12,132; total, $21,746. This leaves a net profit of $13,299. The State law giving a bounty required that the sugar should contai; 90 per cent of crystalized sugar; the quality of the article made at the mills was 93 per cent. This is a good season certainly. Deducting the bounty of 2 cents a pound, leaves a net profit of $8,506, which is 25 per cent on the in vestment. St. Louis Republican. 5'oliee court. BEFORE POLICE JUSTICE DAYTON. Thursday, February 16th. . Jas. Kauhane had to pay $6 for drunk enness. Ho Ting Mung charged with the lar ceny of $27 was discharged. He Me charged with gambling was also discharged. D. Lena was charged with assault and battery on An Look. Two other cases were continued. Supreme Court Special Term. BEFORE DOLE, J. Thursday, February 16th. In probate estate of Manae, of Hono lulu, deceased. Appeal of Kahalewai tw). From the 15th. Before a Hawaiian jury. Holokahiki for proponent. A. C. Smith and Antone Rosa for contestant. WANTED. A COMPETENT BOOKKEEPER MUST BE well acquainted in the city, and have the best local reference. Address G. M. W. F. O. Box T. Estate of Wm. Turner, De ceased. HAVING, BY AUTHORITY OF MY OFFICE, taken charge of the estate of the late Will iam Turner, a naturalized citizen of the United States, who died intestate, I hereby notify per sons to present their claims against said estate within six months from this date, and persons knowing themselves to be indebted, to make sett'.ement within thirty days. J. H. PUTNAM, febS 15 23 20 Consul General. ED. H0FFS0HLAEGER & CO Importers & Commission 3f erehnuts. Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I.- Advertisements. royal esfffit ) Si P0WP11S Absolutely Pure This powder never varies. A marvel of purity ? strength vivl holcsomoness. More economic! than the ordinary kind-, r.r-i cannot be sold m con petitio i vitli the multitude of tt short fvei-ht, alum or phosphate powders. 9" cans. Royal- Baking Powmr Co.. 106 Wali-sV S. Y. WM. T. (OLEMAX fc CO.. Agents. SAN FRANCISCO. CAL. d W FINE WAT EBP ROOFS A N D- India Ruler Clotliii FOR SALE AT Ed. Hoffschlaeger & Co., liiitK and isetliel Stree s. u&w WING WO CHAN I CO., Commission Merchants, Importers and dealers in all kinds of Chinese Provisions, Merchandise, Cigars, Ebony Furniture, Ebony and Marble Tables. Chinese and Japanese Crockery Ware. Dinner Sets, Tea Sets, Vases of all kinds. Mattings, Camphor Wood Trunks, Rattan Chairs, Clothing Baskets, etc. Silks, Satins. Embroidered Silk Hand Kerchiefs. Grass Cloth, Crape Shawls and Crape Silks. All kinds and all styles of China and Japan Teas, of the latest imxortation. Opposite W. C. Peacock & Co., Nuu anu street, Honolulu, H. I. Mutual Telephone No. 18. P. O. Box 18G. 3m JOHN W. AKAKA Employment Office, Makai side of Hotel and Ewa side of Smith street at the corner. CHINESE COLLECTING A Specialty. ALL CLASSES OF Chinese Labor, Cooks, Yard ISojsi, Etc., obtained with the utmost dispatch. SAMOAN VIEWS ! By J. D. Strong, Who accompanied the Hawaiian Embassy. J. J. Williams, Photographer, 10tg Fori Street, Honolulu, Has 'on Sale' a Series of Views of Samoaii Life & Character And Historical Incidents 'connected with the Hawaiian Mission to Samoa. An Immense Variety and Great Artistic merit. Call and See Them. Underwear ! A FULL AND COMPLETE STOCK OF LADIES' MUSLIN UNDER WEAK A T Popular 1G4: Fort t. s. SACHS, Millinery Ladies' Cliemises. Low, Square Cut, and Good Fitting, in Plain, Fine and Funv Ladies' Skirt Chemise. Ten Dozen Extra Large Size, Fine Cambric and Trimmed with Liul.rc,-',u. will be Offered at a Sacrifice. "'" 'rri Ladies' jVEother Hubbard aSTi-lit Gown Plain Tucked Yokes, Lace or Embroidery, very handsome and uvll iini,, Ladies' "White Skirts. An Immense Variety at Low Prices, Handsome EmbroMt'ivd j.- i Skirts, Linen Lace Trimmed Skirts, Rutlled and Tucked Skirts at 1'nY. t.. '!'' the Times Ladies' Corset Covers. Low, Cut Square, Neatly Made, and Good Fitting High Neckrd Corset Cow with Embroider' Yoke. ' SPECIAL BARGAIN! 'M LADIES' BLACK SILK HOSE A fine assortment, all sizes, all .malitirs W offer a fine Black Silk Hose at $2, the best value in town. 1876. GEO W. BUILDER 75 and 77 Kinp- Street, Bell Telephone So. '27T. j o r-i iNT Stoves, Ranges and Plumbing, Tin, Copper W l :-,-?.-.,..,"t.?...!....v-? jag: vfe: frqy&fJ i t.r:-T .-- - .:' -v . .1 - ' .i - H. K. JVIelntyre cfc Bro., IMPORTERS AND PFALKKfS IN Gri-ocei?ies9 Provisions and Feed EAST CORNER FORT MAMMOTH SHIPMENT OF HAY AXI H A I X , Just received and for Sale at LOWEST MARKET TRICE. I'XIOX FEED CO., IIK F00K LUN & CO., 113 Nuuapu Street. IMPORTERS 'AND DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, Fire Crackers, New Designs in Cups and Saucers, Tea, Cigars, and all kinds of Fancy Goods. Regular shipments by every sieamer. .New Goods received by every packet from the Eastern States ami Enron, "n sh Califor-i 5f??JyreVry steamfr- A" orders 'aithfully attended to, and Goods df livrn d to auy rarlof i vlLtZllJ3 I?' IslaDd orders so:icited- Satisfaction jruarantrMT. Vt .Mortice Vox No. Mi leiepuoue o. )Z cospl post office box no. 255. jBtriiscincnis. Underwear; T II E House St., Honolulu, PEOPBIETOJt. LINCOLN. 1 ssc - PJonohilu Mutual T'Iili4)it' ,..,. tst o r r t, Housekeeping G.,mis. and Sheet Jron AYmt n AND KINO STREETS. TO SUBSCRIBERS. OCBRCRTBERS TO THE PACIFIC COMMIT O CIAL A DVERTISEU who ail to rerei ve tU'' papers rep'ilarlv are requested to commuc the fact to the office withou delay. Mutai. y epfaone No. 78. ISTOTICK. MESSRS. J. E. BROWN k CO. ARF. AlTHf iaed to collect subscriptions for ti e w PACIFIC COMMERCIAL. ADVERTISER. Honolulu, Januar3' 17, OTicJi: TO ARRIVE BY TIIK S. S. Austell's Was Apples, Swept arul linking. TV.'rrs. Prunes. Jams anil J-'-'j Canned Fruit". Potatoes, Onions. f C.arlio, Cable's- Walnuts, Hazel Nuts. Italian Chestnuts. We have now a steam nut roaming ') chine in full running order. y-Twentj'-five extra heavy turkeys on hsnci. California Fruit Mario i liing Street.