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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER FEBRUARY 23, 1888.
THi daily Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TEUJIS F SFnArBlPTION. Per annum $6 00 six moBtbi - . 3 oo Per montti 50c SVKn Inscriptions Payable Always In Advance. Communications from all parts of the Kingdom HI always be very acceptable. Perseus residing in any part of the United States can remit the amount of subscription doe by Post Office money order. Matter Intended for publication in the editorial columns should be addressed to Editor Pacific Commkrcial Advi-btiskr. Business communications and advertisements Gould be addressed simply " P. C. Advertiser, an 1 not to individuals THE Pacific Commercial Advertiser It now for sale daTlv at the Following places: J. H. SOPER.... . . Mercnant str -t A. M. HE WET '.' Merchant street T. ii. i HliUlI .. Fort street "WV!. '' I,MANN Hawaiian Hotel Fiv. Cents per Copy. THURSDAY ITebruarv 23d OUR PRISON SYSTEM. . In yesterday's issue wo published a letter which constituted a most remark able commentary on the laxity of our convict system. A native prisoner working in the road gang strolled into the office in a leisurely way and pre sented a letter signed with his own name testifying to the many excellent qualities possessed by the jailer and claiming that his sentiments were repre sentative of those prevailing among hi: fellow convicts. It is not surprising that the writer of this unique document should be an ardent admirer of that state of discipline which admits of a convict undergoing a sentence of hard labor criticising in the public press the fitness or otherwise of his jailor for the position he holds; neither is it more than one might oxpect that the "unfortunates," as our correspondent terms them, should be somewhat favorably disposed to wards the person under whose regime he is permitted to do this. Complimen tary though the letter is intended to be, it appears upon reflection to be quite the reverse, for it naturally leads to the suspicion, that the gloomy portals oi Gai'ti Prison are not the terror to evil doers that they should be. "We know of no country in the world where prisoner have so much latitude. It might be urged that the Advertiser did not rightly appreciate the dignity of the press in admitting such a communica tion to its columns. We are inclined rather to place the burden of responsi bility upon those whose policy of laissiz faire enabled it to reach us. CORONER'S INQUEST Held Yesterday to Inquire Into the JDeatn of George Eiigrelliardt. An inquest was held yesterday before Frank Pahia, Deputy Marshal and one of the Coroners of Oahu, upon the body of George Engelhardt. The following jurors were duly sworn to inquire vh?re, how, and by what means the said George Engelhardt came to his death: Ed ward H. Wolters. Antone Vogel, Samuel Ehrlich, Chris. Gertz, Jas. Steiner, II. J. Nolte. The following testimony was taken : F. L. Miner, M. D., sworn, stated : I saw George Engelhardt before he died. I was called in to see him on the day he died. When I got to his house I found him lying on his right side asleep, and I A'as not able to awaken him. His body and face were discolored, pulse 100, beats fairly strong, respiration very bad, stopping at times, and then breathing very heavily, rapidly and irregular. I endeavored to make him swallow coffee, but could not do so, or, in other words, he could not swallow. I saw an empty bottle at the bedside on a table, and I was told it was the same as he had been taking. I saw the number of prescrip tion on the bottle, and sent to the drug store ior copy of same, and found that ho had been taking laudanum. The bottle contained originally three ounces. In mv opinion the death of George En gelhardt was caused by an indominate use of laudanum, whether one dose or several doses I cannot say. Jn another room I saw a bottle which contained tincture of arnica, and which I was told he had taken internally. Mrs. Alice Hufkinson, sworn, stated : On Tuesday evening about 7:30 p.m. Mr. . Engelhardt came home, and after looking about the house and around the yard, called a hack and said he would be gone about five minutes; he was soing to get a bottle of whisky. He was one until about 9 p. m., when he re turned. I got supper for him. and he Ate quiu heartily. He retired about 11 i p. m. Next morning he woke up and said that he had taken something to make him sleep. He slept about all of Wednesdays occasionally waking up. I gave him soup twice during the day. First time he ate the whole of it, but the second time he took about a third. Some time during Wednesday he told me that he had taken some more of the same kind of medicine as that he used on Tuesday night. The bottle containing the medicine was on a stand alongside Mr. Engelhardt's bed. He got out of bed and helped himself to this medi cine, and on Thursday he had taken all the two bottles contained. On that same day he asked me to assist him in finding another bottle of medicine simi lar to the bottles he had already dis posed of, making three bottles in all. A little before 7 a. m. on Friday he woke up, and then I asked him if he would not like to eat something. He said: Yes, I would like to have four or five soft boiled eggs. I went to look for the gardener, Manuel, so as to have him go after some eggs. I went back to Mr. Engelhardt after Manuel returned with the eggs, and was frightened at the way in which Mr. Engelhardt was breathing and the way he looked. I immediately told Manuel to telephone for the doctor. He tried, but could get no answer, so he went for the doctor. The latter came, and on examing Mr. Engelhardt, said he had some hopes of restoring him. The doctor tried to get him to take hot coffee, but he could not swallow it. Mr. Engelhardt had been sleeping most of the time from Tuesday night. When I got the bottle from under the wash stand in the bedroom I saw that it was marked poison, and I begged him not to take any of it. He told me he knew what he was doing, and that if he did not take that he would have to drink two bottles of whisky in the place of it. On Thursday night he drank the contents of the bottle I found in his bed room, and upon my asking him on Fri day morning if he had drank all that he said ;'Yes ; that won't do me any harm." Mr. Engelhardt died on Friday, Febru ary 17th, at 11:30 a. m. He had his medicine before I went to his house. Dr. Miner has never to my knowl edge prescribed any medicine for Engelhardt. When he came back on Tuesday he was very much under the influence of liquor. I don't know of Mr. Engelhardt taking any medicine, only once when he said he took some to make him sleep. This was the day before his birthday. There is another bottle in the house marked the same as the one that Dr. Miner took away to send to the drug store. Mr. Engelhardt told me to look in the Washstand to find the bottle, and that bottle Dr. Miner sent awTay to the drug store. Manuel Enos Silva, sworn, stated: I have been for this week the gardener for Mr. Engelhardt. I commenced on the 6th instant, and also attended at the store. Have been with him steady since August 25, 1886. I have often been to the drug store for Mr. Engel hardt and got salves, lotions and ban dages for his leg, but never knew any thing of his sending me for things more than those mentioned. I knew he had poison in the bouse, but did not know what he used it for. Upon taking an ac count of what was in the house on the morning of February 18th I found a number of bottles marked poison. Think there were somewhere near ten, some a quarter full, some half full, and most of them empty. There was lots of pills and other kinds of medicines and salves. I have twice got bottles from Hollister's drug store, but did not know what they contained. I do not know of Mr. Engel hardt ever taking any medicine. The jury, after considering the evi dence, returned the following verdict: "That the said G-orge Engelhardt came to his death by an overdose of laudanum taken with the intent to soothe pain, but which caused death on Friday, Februai y 17, 1888." police court. BEFORE POLICE JUSTICE DAYTON. Wednesday, February 22d. Deena, Ioane and Wm. Colton had each to pay the usual amount for drunk enness. Wm. Canyan, W. Farrell, Jas. Shay and Wm. Edward, sailors from the Van dalia, were charged with the same of fense, but at the request of the prosecu tion they were reprimanded and dis charged. Choy Tin was fined $6 for assault and battery on Chee. Daaiel Kaui, charged with driving an express without a license, was fined $5, with $3 costs. Two other cases were continued. CIVIL GASES. S. Whitman vs. Kepokoni, assumpsit for $42 05. Judgment for plaintiff for $35 75, with $23 89 costs. Supreme Court. Wednesday, February 22d. IN BANCO BEFORE FULL COURT. The King vs. Lee Fook, perjury. De fendant's petition for process for con tempt of Court against Lum Kum Cheung, Ching Cheung Ping and H. M. Whitney, publisher of the "Gazette. " Order to show cause why they should not be attached for contempt. Argued and submitted. The case of Wilfong vs. Paty will be heard on Friday. mm A Dr. Freund of Vienna proposes to cure cancerous patients by reducing the quan tity of sugar in their blood, his theory be ing that cancer is caused by the presence of an abnormal quantity of sugar. SOME PRACTICAL INFORMATION Concerning: the Prevention and Treatment of Cholera Imprudences. (Scientific American. Frank II. Mason, United States con sul at Marseilles, France, has forwarded to the department of state, Washington, some practical information concerning the prevention and treatment of cholera. His conclusions are derived from the studies of the epidemic of 1S84 and pre ceding years in that city. He says tnat in its choice of victims cholera is most precise and definite. With rare excep tions the victims belong to one of trie following classes: Those who live un der bad hygienic conditions in respect to eating and drinking and exposure; those weakened and debilitated by al coholic excess; and those who suffer from chronic digestive weakness or de rangement. Among the imprudences which be come dangerous in the presence of chol era are overeating to the extent of pro ducing lethargy or indigestion, drink ing any liquid so as to check the process of digestion; eating raw vegetables in the form of salads, and, in general, the use of raw fruits, unless perfectly fresh and ripe. Drinking cold water, or beer, after haviug eaten raw fruit is a direct challenge to cholera, which no person, however strong and healthy, can aJord to risk. The susceptibility of drunk ards to choleraic influences is proved by abundant evidences, among which may be cited the sweeping fatality of the disease where, er it attacked in mates of inebriate asylums. Anything, in fact, whether of a temporary or chronic nature, wThich impairs the vigor of the digestive organs, exposes per sons thus weakened to choleraic at tacks. Mr. Mason gives as the most effective destroyer of cholera germs in excretions the following solutions: Solution of sul phate of copper in the proportion of not less than 4 ounces to l quart of water; i!quid chloride of zinc, ounces to a quart of water; bichloride of mercury, 1-6 ounce to 1 quart of water; bichlo ride of copper, 2 ounces to a quart of water; sulphuric acid. 4 ounces to a quart of water. The same chemicals are used for disinfection of water closets, sinks, and all other seats of de cay or infection. For washing streets and drains, sulphate of iron, 10 pounds in 220 gallons of water, or liquid chloride of zinc, 20 pounds in 2k;0 gallons, has been found most effective and practic able. Phonia acid, in the pro portion of 10 pounds to 220 gallons of water, was largely used at Marseilles last year, but the results were less satis factory than expected, some experts even going so far as to affirm that the phenic principle preserved rather than destroyed the germs of the contagion. He says that in the face of a cholera epidemic diarrh i a is a serius illness, and should oe treated accordingly. He also says that, as a popular remedy for immediate use, nothing has been found superior to chlorodyne, sold by most druggists. Iiurnlng Incense at Home. IBoston Beacon. 1 The agreeable fashion of burning pastilles and fragrant herbs in rooms that are apt to grow "study" in damp weather, is almost a substitute for a tiro on the hearth which purifies and cheers the whole house. Pver since the mania for Japanese decorations came in, there has been a demand for the delicious pastilles or "reeds," which are the con densation of eastern fragrance, and their use has brought about a greater love for aromatic odors of a retined and purifying nature. The subtle sweetness permeating articles that come from China or Japan will last for years and affect the atmosphere, not merely of the room they are in, but of the entire house. There is not a Rimmel or a Lubin in Europe that can produce this intoxicat ing, and, if one may say so, high-bred perfume from the orient, try as he may. A bunch of Japanese pastilles, smoulder ing one at a time in a little incense burner, will last several weeks, while for olfactories disliking any perfume, however delicate, a bit of gum camphor or little stack of pine needles produces a most refreshing odor while burning. Pine needles can be gathered by the bushel, and kept all winter to be thrown on coal fires in city houses, or burnt by themselves in one of those little chafing dishes for which Japanese art is famous. A Guild of I'arior Dressers. (Good Houekeenin?. How to arrange a room in these days of bric-a-brac and fussiness is no small question. A guild will soon arise of parlor dressers whose business it shall be to study our tables and fix our tidies and settle our chairs. Mean while, however, we must make shift for ourselves as best we can. Absurd as the idea appears, it is true of furni ture as of everything else, that to go down to the bottom of things and seek for the reason of its existence, wili speedily enough discover what use -it serves, and therefore what should be done with it. This is taking chairs au serioux, no doubt, but it settles their place in the world immediately and absolutely as if each was labeled with its own special corner. Chairs are to .sit in! It is hardly necessary to write a thesis to ex pound this fact," but it is as thoroughly forgotten and neglected by the hostesses and housekeepers of the world as the medicinal uses of thoroughwort or the relations of daisies to hay. Solid Wisdom. Boston Advert ser.1 The man who keeps his eyes open for compensations has a good deal more comfortable time in this world, and is less of a nuisance to his fellows, than the chap who is forever on the lookout for things to grumble at. A storrowrul Tree. lEaccha-g vj One of the curious vegetables of the Island Goa, near Bombay, is the sorrow ful tree. Half an hour after sunset the tree is full of sweet-smelling flowers, Although none are to be seen during the day, as they close up or dropoff with the appearance of the sun. - Impossible. lEx change. "They have discovered footprints three teet long in the sands of Oregon, supposed to telong to a lost race." It is impossible to conceive,, how a race that made footprints three feet lon could cret lost. FIXE WATEKPR00FS -a&totrliscinenis. LAEGE IMPORTATION O F -A N D- India Rubber (Mini SILKS! SILKS! Direct From IPctris, Now O SILK! Pei4 AT T II E FOR SALE AT Ed. Hoffsclilaeger & Co., Kins: and Bethel Stree s. SAM0AN VIEWS ! By J. D. Strong, Who accompanied the Hawaiian Embassy. J. J. Williams, Photographer, 104,Fort Street, Honolulu, Has on Sale;a Series of Views of Samoan Life & Character And 'Historical Incidents 'connected with the Hawaiian Mission to Samoa. An Immense Variety and Great Artistic merit. Call and See Them. Popular Millinery Hon 104 Fort St., Honolulu. N. S. SACHS, PKOPRIETOK, & Black Gros Grain Silk, Black Rhadama Silk. White and Cream Kliadanms rn Cream iricot Sib and Alo, a Fine Assortment of Handsome Enrnibroiderotl Black Cashmere Shawls and Sear VERY RICH AND STYLISH. 2-These Goods are DIRECT FROM PARIS, and will bcsoMatF' tionally LOW PRICES. 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN. 188 BUILD E R . 75 and 77 Kino- Street, Bell Telephone No. 275. 65 " " Honohil Mutual T'lcielion ,8J PACIFIC Commercial 3 OHN NOT T, Advertisei STEAM BOOK AND JOB PRINTING OFFICE In prepared to do nil kinds o Commercial & Legal Work Having just Received a .Complete and. New Assortment of Job Types and Ornaments Of the Latest Stvles, from the mopt Ctrl brated Foundries of the United States, and employing only Experienced and Tastv Workmen, we are prepared to turn out Letter Heads. Rill Heads. Circulars. Note Heads, Statements, . Bins or lAdiMjr, Ntock Certificates. Business Cards. Heal ( hecks, nilk Tickets, Bank Check Contracts, fffortgraice Blanks, Eeases. Shipping Contracts, Sin Hawaiian fc Englltbj calendars. Blank Cliebs, Orders, Receipts, STarr 1 ace Certi Ilea tes. Diplomas, Catalogues, Blotting Pad . And in fact everything which a first-class office can do. Stoves, Kangcs and Housekeeping Gv)Us. Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron V (77 EC. E. iVXelntyre & Bro., IMPORTERS AND DEALKKW TN i Groceries Provisions and Feeq i EAST WENER FORT AND KING STREETS. New Uoods received by every pacnet from the Eastern States and Europe. Frenh C' Produce by every steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered to any farxd city free of charge. Island orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Postollice P.jx 'o. ; MAMMOTH SHIPMENT or HAT AND GRAIN, Just received and for Sale at LOWEST MARKET PRICE. UNION FEEft CO., II. FOOK LUN & CO., 113 Nuuanu ,Street, 151 PORTERS gAND DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, Fire Crackers, New Designs In Caps and Saucers, Tea, Cigars, and all kinds of Fancy Goods. Regular shipments by every steamer. TO SUBSCKIBEKS. QUBSCRIBERS TO THE PACIFIC C0& O CIAL ADVERTISER who lailio r. papers n gularlv are requeated to cott T . the fact to the office withou delay. epbone No. 78. 1STOTICK. IfESSRS. J. E. BROWN i CO. iVL iaed to collect subsci Jptions for tee PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTIfrtiv. Honolulu, January 17, 1S83. NOTICE POST OFFICE BOX NO. 255. i TO ARRIVE BY THE S. S. Australia To-i! Apples, Sweet and Baking. TVar. Prunes. . i Jams and Jr' Canned Fruits. Potatoes, Onions. r.arlie, Cabbages- Caulifltfer'' Walnuts, Hazel Nuts. Italian Chftnuts. Almond We have now a steam nut roasting' chine in full running order. S?-Twenty-nve extra heavy frD turkeys on hand. California Fruit Maty iLlaz Street.