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PACIFIC (COMMERCIAL ADVEKTISER, FEBRUARY i0, 1888.
THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser is PUBLISHEp EVERY MORNING. -:o: TEKJfS OF Si:nsCRllTION. Per annum - ?6 00 Mix months .... ... 3 00 Ivr montli - 50c 9SubHcritious Payable Always iu Commonlcellons f mm all parts of the Kingdom HI always be very acceptable. Persons residing in any part of the United states t an remit the amoant of subscription dae by Post office money order. Matter intended for publication in the editorial columns should be addressed to Editor Pacific C'ommkbcial Advkktiskr. Husiness communications and advertiei nts snonl( be addressed simply P. C. Advkrtiskb, a a i not to individuals THE Pacific Commercial Adver f s now for sale daily at the Following places: J. H. SOPER . .. Merchant str.rt A. M. HEWETT Merchant street T. ft. '1 II RUM Fort street WM. STR . LMANN Hawaiian Hotel Five i'euts per Copy. WEDNESDAY February 2Jth THE PRESS. In tho Legislatures of Massachusetts a id New York an attempt is being made to secure statutory prohibition of pub Fcation in the newspapers of descriptive ajcounts of hangings. This, says a New York paper, would constitute a censor ship of the press scarcely consistent with the spirit of this age and this coun try, and many will agree with Mayor Hewitt of New York, who says it is a question for the newspapeis themselves and their readers to decide. When he sees ati account of a hanging he alwa3rs skips it, and everybody is privileged to follow his example. The self-respectiug newspaper that has a proper appreciation of the respon sibilities of journalism may be trusted not to carry the publication of the news to an extent that may be demoralizing in its effect upon its readers. The moral tone of the press is improving every tlay, and the exceptions serve only to emphasize the rule. AN IMPORTANT CHINESE DECISION. In San Francisco recently a case was heard before the Courts, the point in . volved being simply whether one Jung Ah Lung, who possessed a certificate, which was lost through no fault of his, could be admitted to the country on proof of the former possession of such a document. The case was submitted to the United States Supreme Court at Washington. From the "Call" of Feb ruary 15th, received by the W. G. Irwin, we clip the following, having reference to the case in question : Washington, February 11th. The de cision of the Supreme Court yesterday in the Jung Ah Lung case has made neces sary for additional Chinese restrictive leg islation by Congress imperative. The highest judicial tribunal in the land has decided that Chinese on board steamers landing at ports of the United States are entitled to the benfit of a writ of habeas corpus, and all the restriction Acts that Congress has passed are powerless to keep out the Chinese so long as the Federal Judges will permit them to land. Whether the new treaty is ratified with China or not the necessity for additional restrictive legislation is made apparent by the de cision of the Supreme Court. Members of the California delegation in the House will work with renewed zeal to accomplish this purpose from the present, until suc cess attends their efforts. The New York "Herald" in an edi torial referring to the Supreme Court de cision in this case says : The opinion is likely to cause some consternation in California. It will doubtless be asked on the Pacific Coast if the Chinese may enter without certificates what does the law requiring certificates amount to. Hence we may expect to hear from that quarter a demand for a still more strin gent statute. The editorial is headed "Another Hole Through the Chinese Law." The "Call" says editorially: The "Call" has never expected a" decision from the Supreme Court reversing the decision of the Circuit Court in the Jung Ah Lung case. The Jung Ah Lung case was sent up to be sustained. Of the several hundred Chinese dis charged under the writ of habeas corpus process, there is perhaps not one single parallel ca e. Certainly there are not many. The fact of Jung Ah Lung's res idence in tho United States at the time oi the date of the treaty was established !'f ty that lie procured a certificate ,t identification when he returned to China. That certificate he claihis to have lost. While the law makes that loss conclusive against him, there is some ground for the action of the Courts in permitting him to substantiate the alleged fact of loss. If Jung Ah Lung had returned with the certificate lie car ried away there would have been no trouble about his landing. As he did not possess, on his return, the certificate j he claimed to have taken away, he had j a show of right to establish the alleged i fact that he had taken a certificate with him when he left the country. The Circuit Court, with a natural lack of confidence in its rulings, selected this exceptional ease to send to Washington to be argued before the Supreme Court. No one expected any other decision than that rende:ed. A different decision might possibly have been rendered if our Circuit Court had had the fairness to send up an'average case. The aver age case is that of a Chinaman who claims to have been in the country when the treaty was signed and to have left before the first restriction law went into operation. LATE NEWS. Albany, February 14th One of the outcomes of the Presidential aspirations of the Governor is the canvass of Lieut. -Governor Jones for the Democratic nom ination of Governor. He says: "Hill is a candidate for the Democratic nomina tion for President. All the acts of the Administration have had the Presidency as their aim, and now his ambition is unmistakable. Hill not desiring the re nomination for Governor I have deter mined to become a candidate." Jones was nominated for Lieutenant Governor two years ago, simply as a last resort, after a stronger man had de clined the honor. He is a scale manu facturer of Bingham ton, and when nominated turned the affair to business purposes as an advertisement and made a huge joke of the canvass. In business he always speaks of himself in the third person, rs "Jones of Binghamton," and signs checks that way. A standing joke of the last campaign was a quotation from his advertisement circulars, "Jones pays the freight." Cleveland Democrats, with the ob vious intention of worrying Hill, were circulating the following to-night as the slate for the present year: For President, Cleveland ; Vice President, D. W. Voor hees of Indiana ; Governor, William C. Whitney of New York; Lieutenant Governor, Solomon Scheil of Buffalo. Washington, February 14th. The Secretary of the Treasury to-day issued an order to the Collector of Customs at San Francisco to make permanent the temporary assignment of ten men to do duty in the xVppraiser's office in San Francisco. The time of temporary ser vice for which these men were assigned expired on the 10th instant. Had their service not been made permanent the merchants and importers on the Pacific Coast would have suffered great delay in receiving their merchandise from abroad. Boston, February 14th. A bill in equity was filed to-day in the Supreme Court at Salem by the Trustees of the Phillips Academy against the Attorney General of the Commonwealth, a visitor of the Theological Institute of Phillips Academy ind live professors whose cases come under the investigation by the Board of Visitors, upon accusations of heresy. This is another step in the cel ebrated heresy trial of Professor Smythe and others, and is brought to determine the rights in equity of .all the parties concerned. New York, February 14th. The "World," which is prone to picking out candidates for the Republican party, is working up the chances of Chauncey M. Depew, the President of the New York Central Railway, for the Presidential nomination by the Republicans. It publishes the views of a number of Re publicans approving Depew. Many of them are prominent men, but the major ity are not active in the Councils of the New York Republican organization. Depew himself says he is not a candi date. Washington, February 14th. The President expects to leave Washington next Tuesday for a short visit to Florida. He will be accompanied by Mrs. Cleve land and the Secretary of the Navy and Mrs. Whitney and Colonel and Mrs. Lamont. The party will go by special train, and no stops will be made unless for an hour at Savannah for a drive through the city. One day will be spent at Jacksonville and one at St. Augustine. The party will return to Washington on Saturday. Washington, February 14th. Mr. Morrow to-day reported favorably from the Foreign Affairs Committee the bill introduced by him, appropriating $5,000 to provide a suitable gift for the Japan ese who offered succor to the wrecked survivors of the American bark Cash mere. The United States Consul at Callao reports that cholera was abating at Val paraiso and Santiago, and that owing to the lack of confidence in the Peruvian Government the paper money recently issued by it fias so depreciated as to be almost worthless. Representative Vandever on February 14th presented in the House a petition i of the Women's Christian Teinneranra Union of Southern California, number ing 1,378 members, asking for the repeal of tho internal revenue tax on distilled spirits. RUSSIA'S RAILWAY IN ASIA. A Mirvel of Engineering Skill The Sand storm of the Desert Work Done. David Ker in New York Times. 1 But apart from its military and polit ical significance the Mikhailoosk Bay & Askabad railroad merits attention as a marvel of engineering skill which has successfully withstood the formidable "tebbad" or sandstorm of the desert, the terrific force of which can never be fully appreciated by any one who has not actually experienced it. The storm which I encountered on my way across the Kara-Koum desert to join poor MacGahan before Khiva in 1873, though slight compared with those which sometimes occur there, would have been quite enough to satisfy any ordinary traveler. It was drawing toward midnight, and the moon had just risen over the gray unending deso lation of the great waste upon which no living thing was to be seen but our selves, when our camels suddenly stopped short, snuffed the air uneasily, and then lay down with their long necks flat upon the sand. At the same mo ment a strange dimness obscured the ghostly splendor of the moonlight, while a weird, unearthly sound, half whisper and half moan, arose far away in the silent distance. "Tebbadl'' shouted our Kirghiz guide, flinging himself on tho ground under the lee of the nearest camel and hastily mutflins himself in his huge Turcoman shawl- My Tartar servant and I had barely time to follow his example and to throw oiiP3elvos down in the bottom of the wagon, when there came a rush a roar, mingled with a sound like the rattle of a furious hailstorm. This was the patter of the flying sand against the sides of our wagon, which rocked to and fro as if about to capsi e altogether. Against the whirl of that sandy tempest our thickest wrappings were of no avail. It smarted in our eyes, it cracked between our teeth, it made our skins gritty from head to foot as we cowered in the rocking wagon listening to the whooping of the storm, and wondering whether it would pass over before we were choked outright. At last the howling and rattling died away, and we crept forth gasping and half "sti led to find ourselves to all ap pearances in the midst of a stormy sea. Far as eye could reach the smooth sur face of the desert was hurled up in mon strous ridges or plowed into deep hol lows, bearing fearful testimony to the might of a tempest which could thus alter the very face of the earth. But even these dreaded storms in the full height of their September wrath have never been able to delay the desert trains more than a very few hours at a time. The hostility of untamed nature has been met and parried with singular dexterity. Light shields of wickerwork, such as are used in other parts of Russia to protect the railway track from the snow, protect it here from the still more formidable sand. The loose powderly drifts have been bound together with 'mud from the neighboring; swamps, while the half liquid mire of the latter has in its turn been solidified by a plentiful mixture of sand. In this way the work has been carried forward with a speed which, though far behind the exaggerated reports spread concerning it by Russia for her own purposes dur ing the late Afghan dhticulty, has never theless carried the line to a point within easy reach of tho Persian frontier. A very slight expenditure of labor will now suffice to bring it right up to As':abad, the capital of the new prov ince transferred to Russia a few years ago by Skobelolfs murderous victory oyer Turcomans of Geok-Tepe. Froai Askabad to Sarakhs, the nearest point of the Afghan frontier, is a distance of barely 290 miles, 190 of which will re quire just the same amount of earth work as any ordinary railway in Euro pean Russia, while the remaining 100 will need none whatever. The work on the line, being done entirely by Russian soldiers, will not cost the government a cent beyond the actual expense of the material, while the example of the rail way constructed by England in l.SO across the deserts of northern Beloo chistan to the Afghan border, at a rate of one and a half to two and a half miles a day, has shown with what rapid ity a railroad may be pushed forward over a level surface where neither tun nels, bridges nor cuttings are required. Fattening Effects of Water. Scientific American. It has been observed that water is fattening, that those who drink large quantities of water have a tendency to fullness and rotundity. That there is considerable truth in this observation The Medical and Surgical Reporter fully substantiates. That excessive imbiba tion of very cold (iced water (especially when one is very warm) is not to be commended yet we have reason to be lieved that the unlimited use of pure spring water, at its natural temperature, is not only very conducive to health, but has an actual tendency to favor a fullness and roundness of body. Whether this is the result of a better action on the part of the digestive, as similative, and depurative functions, owing to the internal cleanliness or flushing of the human sewers produced by large quantities of water, or whether water has some specific in producing this fullness, we do not know, neither ioes it signify, since observation con firms as a fat that the free use of water ioes have this e.Tect. On the "UiispWlable I . -Bottle Plan. Demorest's Monthly., A lamp has been invented on a princi ple which precludes the possibility of the oil escaping, and thus an explosion is made impossible. Our readers will be acquainted with the "unspillable" ink-bottle, "in which an inside channel Df glass about two-thirds the height of the vessel descends from its top, having an open and somewhat narrowed bottom, the arrangement making it impossible, or nearly impossible, for the liquid to escape. The same principle is adopted in this lamp, from which the chances of the oil spilling are even fewer than the chances of the ink spilling. Hard ou the Sparr w. New York Sun.l The American Ornithologists' union officially recommend that all public fos tering of the English sparrow be stopped: that its introduction into new localities be prohibited by law: and that all ex isting laws for its protection be re pealed, and bounties offered for its destruction. Monster &teaiuers. There are now building on the Clyde, by Messrs. J. & G. Thomson, for the In man line, two passenger steamers to run between New York and Liverpool. They are to be named the City of New York and City of Paris, and they will be the safest, stanchest and most reliable steamers afloat. The dimensions of each will be : Length over all, 5G0 feet ; beam, 63; depth molded, 42 feet, and gross tonnage, 10,000 each. They will have fourteen transverse water-tight bulkheads without doors, four complete decks, two sets of engines, two propel lers, duplicate machinery and double Ijo t on j cind 6iolx will nave accommo dations for 2,000 passengers. Intermediary Court. AT CHAMBERS BEFORE BICKERTON, J. Tuesday, February 28th. Lo Sam Sing vs. Wan Yun. Replevin. Appeal from Police Court, Honolulu. Judgment of the lower Court in favor of plaintiff was confirmed. F. M. Hatch for plaintiff, A. S. Hartwell for defend ant. . Island Views. By calling at J. Gonsalves' photo graphic gallery, Fort street, you can ob tain views of the different points of in terest on all the islands of the group and of the Volcano. Photographs taken in all styles. Itdurrfisemrnts jNTOTTCE. I Hv ,A,NNUA MEETING OF THE SHARE J. holders of the Interisland Steam Naviga tion Company (Limited) will be held at their office ou Tuesday, March 6th, at 10 o'clock. , , , J. ENA. Honolulu, February 27, 1888. 7t CHE. GEETZ, Importer and Dealer in eiits Ladies and Children's Boo ts, Shoes ft Slippers. Cigars THE CHOICEST BRANDS OF and Tobacco Kept on Hand. aSTOrders from tLe other islands solicited. FINE WATEBP ROOFS A N D India Robber Clofliii FOR SALE AT Ed. Hoffschlaeger & Co., liiimr and Bethel Strce s. Notice of Removal. THOMAS LINDSAY Manufacturing Jeweler, HAS REMOVED.TO Thomas Block, Kins; St. .3&bfrlisnnems. LARGE IMPORTATION 0 F SILKS ! SILKS ! SILKS Direct From Paris, jNTow O Pen AT THE Popular Millinery Hon 104 Fort St., Honolulu, S. SACES, PEOPBIETOIi, Black Gros Grain Silk, Black Khadania Silk. White and Cream Rliailaina & m ' J nil i n i liicot. m anil Mins, ii Also, a Fine Assortment of Handsome Embroidered Cashmere Sliawls and VERY RICH AND STYLISH. fain It Black cart' 7-These Goods are DIRECT FKOM PAKIS, and will l,esol,!-,tr tionally LOW PKICE.S. -"Math, 1S76. GEO W. LINCOLN. ig8 UILDER, 75 and 77 Kino- Street, Bell Telephone No. 275. fa - Honolulu Mutual Telephone Au.65. JOHN N OTT Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping Gi0i8. Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron AVer (T7 1 H. E. jVToIntyre & Bro., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions and Feed EAST CORNER FORT AND KINO STREETS. prHdS recelved by fvery pacRet from the Eastern States and Europe. ?mh fall litv free It It?V' AJl orders falthfolly attended to. and (Joods delivered to any partof Tefephone No! 92 s:i('ited- Satisfaction Kuaranteed. I'o.stoflk-e hox o. PACIFIC Commercial Advertisei STEAM BOOK AND JOB PBINTIM OFFICE U prepared to do all kinds o Commercial & Legal Work Letter Ileat. Bill llemls. Circailars. Note Heads, Statements, RillS Of IA4liHK, Stock Certificate, ItiiKiness Carls. Meal Check n, ttilk Tickets, I la nk Checks Contracts, A.nd in fact eve rything which a first-class oftice can do. MAMMOTH SHIPMENT OF DAY AND GRAIN, Just received and for Sale at LOWEST MARKET PRICE. UNION FEED CO., II. F00K LUN & CO.. 113 Nuuanu Street, IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, i Fire Crackers, New Designs in Cups and SaneeTs, Tea, Cigars, and all kinds of Fancy Goods. TO SUBSCRIBERS. SUBSCRIBERS TO THE PACIFIC C01BJ; CIAL ADVERTISER who fail to recel papers reguiariv are requesieu ii . the fact to the office withou delay. Mutual epbone No. 78. r , 3STOTICK. MESSRS. J. E. BE OWN k CO. ARE AlTB ijed to collect subscription for tfce PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVEKTIStn. Honolulu, January 17, lS" IN-OTICE TO AKKIVE BV T1IE S. S. Australia 'Ms Apples, Sweet and Baking. Pears. Prune. Jams and Ji Canned Fruits. Potatoes, Onions. Garlic, Cabbage". Cauliflower Walnuts, Hazel Nuts. Italian Chestnuts. Almond We have now a steam nut chine in full running order. roaming5 Regular shipments by every steamer. J5CTTwenty-live turkeys on hand. extra heavy corn POST OFFICE BOX KO. 255. 1 California Fruit Mas Street.