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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, MARCH 6, 1888.
THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVKRY MORNING. :o:- ".crannnm .. fS 00 ix months ;; oo i r raonta 50c VNatMriitlus laylle Always in Uommnutcctions from all parts o the Kingdom Ul always be very acceptable. Persons residing In any part of the United State .ti remit the amount of subscription dne by Post office money order. Watter intended for publication in the editorial vluums should be addressed to Kbitob Pacific commkrcial Auvkrtiskb. StMlnesa communications ami advertisements kliouk be addressed simply " P. C. ADVMRTI8KK,! and not to individuals. T HE E l'acific Commercial Advertiser now for sale daily at the Following places: J. H. 80PER .... Merchant strvet A. M. HEWETT Merchant street 1. . TITRUM Fort street A. M. MEINHARDT Hawaiian Hotel Five tYuls pr Copy. TUESDAY Marcli 6th BRITISH DEPRESSION. In England there appears to be a great depression of agriculture. Hon. Henry : hapten commenting on it in the House of Commons, said it was a subject of greater importance than the Irish Ques tion. Many thousand acres had gone out of cultivation, and there had been a concurrent decrease in cattle and sheep. Another effect of depression was an in crease i:i the masses of the unemployed. I le wanted to know what the Govern ment was going to do in the matter. Lord John Manners admitted the ter rible condition of agriculture, and said the Government had no specific against its depression, fie said, however, that the Government had decided to ask the two Houses to give assent.to a bill giving a Department of Agriculture. TRUE EDUCATION PROMOTES INDUSTRY. Many persons believe that under the present system of education young peo ple are acquiring a distaste for manual labor, and that there is, consequently, danger that the trades and agricultural occupations will be deserted by all but the most inefficient classes of workmen. Much of the experience of English and American society is in favor of this view, and the tendencies in France appear to b in the same direction. As an offset to what may be said in favor of it, the London "Spectator" directs attention to tho fact that no dislike of work, even of the roughest character, has appeared among two of the best educated races. Tho Scotch, who have been taught for 200 years and are now more thoroughly trained than English national school boys, show no disposition to avoid labor, but are remarkable for persistent and fairly contented industry. The Prussian peasants, who are as educated as the English will be twenty years hence,work exceedingly hard, and in the country where the holdings are their own, show none of the resentment at their fate which is manifested in the towns in the form of Socialistic aspirations. Gar deners who, all over Great Britain, are tho best instructed of manual laborers. work, more especially when working for themselves, with unusual diligence, and it is a matter of constant observation that a laborer who happens by any acci dent to be a "bit of a scholar" can be depended upon when work presses and overy man is required. Tho people of Home, who can read and write, are far more diligent than the Neapolitans, rho cannot; and the best workmen in Italy are those who have passed through the army and obtained what is pract ically an education. There seems to be no apriori reason why it should be other wise. Popular Science Monthly. opium, and asserted ?that facts going to substantiate the charge had been placed before the United States Attorney-Gen eral at Washington. The announcement of the names of those alleged to be connected with the ring was the only thing new in the re port. Humors to the same effect had been afloat ;there for many months and the names of a great many people had been privately mentioned in connection therewith, but it had been impossible to obtain any definite information concern ing the truth of the charges. The first time anything was developed of a sub stantial nature was when United States Marshal Franks went on to Washington and had an interview with Attorney- General Garland upon the subject. All that could be learned of that inter view was that Harkins, who is serving a term in the Santa Clara Couuty Jail for having bribed ex-United States Commis sioner O'Beirne, had made a statement in regard to the smuggling carried on at that port which implicated certain prom inent citizens and officials. It was said that Harkins was very bitter against some of his former associates and that he would furnish evidence that would convict them of complicity in the opera tions of the opium smuggling ring. The present charges are that a new ring was formed after the collapse of the old Harkins ring; that it is run by an entire new set of men, and that the schooner Halcyon, understood to be owned by Alfred W. Wilson, had been used to carry on its operations while pre tending to be engaged in seal hunting. It is charged that this vessel is known to have made trips outside the heads at night time, invariably on occasions of the expected arrivals of steamers from China, and upon returning to her moor ings at Sausalito was once seen to dis charge a cargo of Chinese goods, which were landed at Long Bridge and thence carried into Chinatown. The assertion is that Deputy Surveyor Fogarty was paid not to observe the movement of this craft. San Francisco to New YorSt In 112 Honrs. The Postmaster General at Washing ton has entered into a new contract with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Rail road for a fast mail service between Chica go and Council Bluffs to take effect March 13th. The present contract calls for a fast mail service on a schedule of sixteen hours westerly, six times a week. The new contract is for a daily service both east and west upon a schedule of four teen and a. half hours, leaving the time at either end to.be controlled by the Post office Department. By -this arrange ment California mails leaving San Fran cisco in the evening after business hours and arriving at Council Bluffs in the afternoon of tho third day, will be taken up by the ne w fast train and will reach Chicago in time for the first morning de livery on the fourth day from the Pacific Coast. It is the purpose of the Depart ment to secure, if possible, a fast mail service from Chicago east, to leave Chi cago on the arrival of the Pacific Coast train and to make New York in about twenty-five hours from Chicago and about 112 hours from San Francisco. Venezuela. General Francesco A. de Silva, Con sul to New York from the Republic of Venezuela, was in receipt of information February 13th that England, within tho last few days has taken possession, by armed force, of a most valuable portion of the territory of Venezuela, territory not in dispute between the two countries and to which England has no claim, and in doing so has directly violated the Monroe doctrine of tho United States'. General de Silva will call on the author ities at Washington for the prompt en forcement of the Monroe doctrine. The seizure was made through Governor Charles Bruce of Demerara. The terri tory seized includes the richest gold mines of South America. De Silva said that in it are fourteen mines, the aver age production of each of which is $300,- 000 a year. De Silva claims that Eng land has in this seizure violated the treaty of 18S-1 with Venezuela. He says if the United States does not interfere Venezuela will fight for the territory. NEWS ITEMS. rave Charge against Custom Officers In Sau Fraucisc. Custom House circles were consider ably agitated in San Francisco Feb ruary 11th, over a highly sensational ait icle which appeared in one of the morn ing papers in regard to the operations of an alleged opium ring in that city. The article referred to charged that certain well-known citizens together with Dep uty Surveyor of the Port, John T. Fogarty were members of a ring formed for the purpose of swindling the Govern ment by the systematic smuggling o The Bishop of Liverpool attributes the deplorable increase in drunkenness among English women to "grocers' li censes." The King of Sweden and Norway flatly refused either to congratulate Leo XHI upon his jubilee or send hira a present. The charities of London last year amounted to $22,000,000. They were de voted chiefly to religious purposes, $5, 000,000 being spent on foreign missions. The King of the Belgians has sent as a present to the Sultan of Morocco a fine locomotive ; a curious gift to a man who has not a yard of railroads in his do minions. China is actively advancing her arma ments with a view to reconquer Kuldja and Amoor in the event of a European war. The author of the famous forged letters which caused so much trouble between Russia and Germany is said to be Count de Katakazy, who was formerly Russian Minister at Washington. It is estimated that in order to be able to wear all his decorations and orders at one time, Prince Bismarck would require a breast thirty feet in breadth. Their weight amounts to a little over forty pounds. The telephone is expected to work be tween Paris and Marseilles on the 1st of July. The wire will be of bronze and will be underground as far as Nugent-Sur-Marne, where it will join the railway telegraph line. The distance is 500 miles. The Baltic Canal to the North Sea is to be begun in earnest next spring. The works will extend over a length of 312 miles, and seven big cantonments will bo arranged along the line to house 4,000 workmen. Sir Charles Dilke, speaking of the ef fect of Bismarck's speech, says: "It invites Russia to attack Turkey. I think a rush upon Constantinople is al ways possible; the only thing that checks Russia is the belief that Italy would then fight, and a declaration of war by ItMy would lead to a general out break." At the Nottingham, Eugland, show of horses fit for military purposes, a Ken tucky horse took one of the premiums offered by the Queen, and in the opinion of many of the oldest horsemen and hunters present, was the best horse ex hibited. The Chinese want to know why the sale of their tea is falling off throughout tho world as against the teas of India, India tea is planted, grown, picked and fired by the latest and most improved processes. Chinese teas are prepared as they were centuries ago. The State of Chihuahua. The wonderful mineral wealth of the state of Chihuahua has long been known, but until recently the incessant raids of the hostile Apaches rendered prospecting and mining in the distant mountain ranges too dangerous to be attempted, so year after year the mineral regions have remained unexplored. The capture of Geronimo and his savage band freed the country of the scourge which so effectually prevented its development, and no sooner was the fact announced than hun-. dreds of prospectors began to venture far into the unknown regions to the west of the railway line. A new impetus was given to mining, and now after the lapse of a year the wonderful results can be readily seen. The whole country looks differently from what it did a year ago, and evidences of energy and enterprise are met with on every side. New mines have been dis covered and old ones opened up again. American machinery is arriving on every train and the crude methods of former days are giving place to the most im proved systems of modern times. On the street it is a rare thing to encounter a man or woman who is not properly clothed, and even the household utensils and implements of labor are generally of modern make. A few years ago the rude cart with its solid wooden wheels was the only vehicle in use, but today the streets of Chihuahua are filled with the best wagons and carriages of American manu facture. Cor. Globe-Democrat. Yomigest Supremo Court JwlgH. The youngest man who has ever had a seat on the supreme court beuch was Judge Story, of Massachusetts, who was only 32 years old at the time of his ap pointment, and who remained on the bench for thirty-four years. Story was one of the most remarkable lawyers in our history. He had made a large for tune out of his law practice when he was made supreme judge by Madison, and he had a big income from tho sale of his legal writings. He wrote twenty-seven dif ferent volumes and published thirty-four volumes of decisions, and his receipts from the sale of these amounted to as high as $10,000 a year. He was a hard worker all his life, and when he was a young man he wrote poetry. His law books have a high standing in England. He wTas a member of congress before he took his seat on the bench. Boston Transcript. Young Jonathan's Good Sense. Indeed, I question whether many Eng lish or French books for the young are sold at all in Ameiica. At bottom tho American boy is more particular and harder to please than the American wo man; he likes his fiction home made and he has small stomach for imported stories about the younger son of a duke. He has awholesomer taste for native work; no English juvenile magazine is sold in the United States, although several American juvenile magazines are sold in Great Britain. We export books for the young, and we import them only to a compara tively slight extent Brander Matthews in The Century. Tne Cooklady's Daughters. All Ladies Ah, Mrs. Genteel, how do you do today? It is an age since I have een you. How is your daughter Katie? I haven't seen her for a long time. 'She's quite well, thank you. She is saleslady now at Plush & Silk's store." "Indeed? And your daughter Mamie?" "Oh, Mamie is forelady in the new tomato canning establishment. " "I hadn't heard that. Is Lulu at home now?" "No, she has gone to nartford as wait ing lady to a very wealthy and aristocratic woman living there. " "Oh, has she? Then you have only Lena at home, I presume?" "Oh, no; Lena has just accepted a sit aation as nurse lady in the family of Judge K. She has an elegant place." "So you are living alone?" "No, we have given up our house for the winter, and I am now cook lady at Mrs. Blank's boarding house." Tid Bits. Endurance In Long Distance Running:. The essential requisites of a long dis tance runner are a strong heart and capa cious lungs in a broad, deep and mobile chest. The reason for this will be appar ent to those who understand the physi ology of exercise. To sustain long con tinued exertion latent energy in the mus cles used is necessary and also a ready means of supplying these muscles with an increased amount of oxygen while in action, and of carrying away the carbonic acid that results from the combustion in the tissues. Hence the necessity of breath ing faster while running than while walk ing, and unless this exchange of gases can be carried on with sufficient rapidity and in sufficient quantities to meet the demands of the organism under these trying circumstances there soon comes an end to further muscular activity, though the muscles themselves may be far from exhaustion. D. A. Sargent, M. D., in Scribner's Magazine. ?m if jnr ii m LARGE IMPORTA O F SILKS SILKS! Sit IDirect From Paris, IS3"ov o AT THE Absolutely Pure This powder never varies. A marvel of purity. Etrcugrth and vhclcsomcness. More economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold in com-pctitio-i vith. the multitude of low test, short v c irht, alum or phosphate powders. Sold ONLY El cs.s. Royai U-uuNa PowDta Co.. 1QQ WaH-eJU WJtl. T. COLEMAN & CO., Agents, SAN FRANCISCO. CAL. FCXR SALE. CALIFORNIA WINES, In Kegs, Barrels and Hogsheads. Grown by Koliler and Froliling. San Francisco. As lort, Matielrn. Slierry, Muscat, Malaga, Claret. ALSO, A FiiESH SUPPLY OF German Vegetables & Fruits In tins and glass, as Asparagus, Brown Cabbage, Sauerkraut, Yellow Turnips, lied Cabbage in Wine, Etc Raspberries, Cranberries, Pears in Vinegar, Gooseberries, Plums, Etc.,' Etc., Etc 01 Popular Millinery B 104 Fort St., Honolulu. ,N. S. SACHS, PEOPEIETOH Black Gros Grain Silk, Black Rhadama Silk, White and Cream Jihada. iricot Sis and Also, a Fine Assortment of Handsome Embroidered Black Cashmere Shawls and Su VERY RICH AND STYLISH. faa Satins, a ECTThese Goods are DIRECT FROM PARIS, and will bcli tionally LOW PRICES. 1 If 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN. BU ILDER, 75 and 77 Kinp- Street, - - - - Hono Bell Telephone No. 275. 65 Mutual Telephones, Ed Iloil'sclilaeger & Co. KING AND BETHEL STREETS. Australian Mail Service. FOR SAN FRANCISCO, The new and fine Al steel steamship 6C MAEIPOSA 99 jk tli Oceanic Steamship Company, will be dua at Honolulu from Sydney and Auckland on or about March 11th, 1888, And will leave for the abeve port with mails and passengers on or about that date. For freight or passage, having SUPERIOR ACCOMMODATIONS, apply to Win. (x. Irwin & Co., A.OENT8. For Sydney and Auckland. The new and Hue Al steel steamship ALAMEDA." Of the Oceanic Steamship Company, will be due at Honolulu from San Francisco or or about March 15, 1888. And will have prompt d!3patcn with mails an asserijjers for the above ports. For freight or passage, having SUPERIOR AC COMMODATIONS, apply to Wm. Gr. Irwin & Co., AGENTS ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO Imjtorters & Commission Merchants, Queen Street, Honolulu, 11. 1. H. E. McINTYRE & BROTHER GROCERY A FEED STORE, Corner of Fort and King streets, 79-wtf Honolulu, IT.I Notice of Eemoval. THOMAS LINDSAY Manufacturing J o weler, HAS REMOVED TO Thomas Block, Kins: St. NOTICE. TEITHER THE CAPTAIN NOR CONSIGNEES iA will be responsible for any debts contracted by the officers or crew cf the bark C. D. Bryant. TUEO. D. DAVIES & CO. JOHN N OTT 4 VjiC 1-2-5 VVdiS?L Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping Goods, Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron T HC. IS. Mclntyre & JBro., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions and Fel EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. o New "oods received by every packet from the Eastern Stales and Europe. frertS Produce by every steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods dflivr -red toMJM Telephone N 92 U1U" .iun;u. oausiaction guaranteed, rosiomcr y MAMMOTH SHIPMENT OF - HAY AND GRAIN, Just received and for Sale at LOWEST MARKET PRICE. ITJXIOX FEEI CO., J,'I. F00K LUN & CO., 113 NuuanujStreet, IMPORTERS AND2DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, Fire Crackers, New Designs in Cups and Saucers, Tea, Cigars, and all kinds of Fancy Goods. TO SUBSCKIBEK mr- rrTIT DArrFlClV,: papers regularly are requested f t0 the fact to the office withou If w rro I epuoue to. NOTIOK. 1 T 1 ESSES. 3. E. BROWS h CO. 11 iaed to collect enhscnv - Honolulu, January 17, lMg. NOTICE TO ARRIVE BY S. S. lush alia I Regular Bhipraents by every steamer. POST OFFICE BOX NO.. 255 Apples, Sweet and Caking. Fears. Prunes. Jams15' Canned Fruits. Potatoes, Onions. Garlic Catbj Caulfl'j Walnuts, Hazel N"ts. Italian Clictnu We have now a steam r.nt j chine in full running ord-TTTwenty-five extra turkeys on hand. California Fruit f