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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, MARCH 10, 1888.
. 4 - CHINESE MONEY LENDING SYSTEM. ANTHROPOMETRY THE THING. The rian of a, "Woo-py" Shares and Shareholders Heavy Premiums. The Chinese have a way of borrowing and lending money under a system that they call a "Woo-ey, that allows its members to borrow money in a stated sum and repay it by in stallments. Any memlier of a Woo-ey who akes a share and does not wish to borrow himself obtains a good interest on the money lie invests. The plan of a Woo-e' is as follows : Ah Sing wants to borrow 100 and rejyiy it in installments, so he starts a "Woo-ey; liis lirst step is to find twenty persons who are willing to take a $0 share in a $100 Woo-ey. Ah Sing is known as the Woo-ey Tow, or head of the Woo-ey; the shareholders are known as Woo-ey Chi, or children of the Woo-ey. The Woo-ey lasts for twenty months ; each Woo-ey Chi pays in 5 to the Woo-ey Tow, so that Ah Sing obtains his $100. At the end of the month Ah Sing goes to each of the shareholders and asks for bids for the next loan; each member writes his name and the amount of interest he is willing to pay on a slip of paier. Every member has the right of borrowing money once during the Woo-ej-. After the bids are all received they are opened and read and the money lent to the highest bidder. We will suppose that 2 per rent, is the highest bid. Ah Sing, who now pays the first installment, has to pay in the full amount of ., while the others deduct the 2 per cent, and pay in 4.00. When the next installment falls due there are two members who have to pay in the full amount, and so the Woo-ey runs on. At the end of fifteen or sixteen month the interest offered is often as high as 2- or o0 ler cent., but as fifteen of the members hav lorrowed, and so have to pay in the full amount of 0, it is only the four or five left who get the benefit of the heavy interest. Sometimes toward the last of the Woo-ey, when tvo or three different ones wish to bor row, the rates offered are often as high as 75 jx?r cent., and in one instance that I know of, just before the Chinese New Year, 100 per cent, was bid on a 5 Woo-ey. As there were three members that had not borrowed, the hard up Celestial had only to pay the heavy premium to two men. Sometimes the Woo-ey is as low as fifty cents a share, and I have known of Woo-eys as high as 50 a share. Those who go into a Woo-ey as an in vestment, and do not borrow themselves, generally get a large interest for their money. San Francisco Cor. Chicago Herald. Ella "Wheeler Wilcox at Work. "I like to be interrupted," said Ella Wheeler Wilcox, "and that, is one reason why I like New York ; there is no other place wher j interi-uption comes so easily. "No, I am not one of the poets who fly to nature. I don't mean any disrespect to na ture: th.9 pathless forests are very fine things in them: :lves, but they don't inspire me like h;nan beings, human thoughts and human doings. I want to be among people and feel the pulse of humanity throb. I enjoy having my fellow creatures about me. I like to hear the teams rattle by in the street. I like to stop work now and then and go out and walk down town, and see the world busy as it is busy here in the city every day. "I believe I write best with people about me in the room. Of couse, I shouldn't wish to feel that they were dependent on me for entertainment, but I like the atmosphere of a social company, chatting among themselves ,and speaking to me now and then. I can join in the talk and then go back to pen and paper just as readily as if I were alone." "And you don't find the thread of your thoughts broken or confused?" "If I stop half a dozen times I know that the lines will run just as smoothly in the end as if I had turned the key upon myself and insisted on a fine frenzr in solitude. I mean it; I like to bo interrupted. It itwo months ago now that a poem came to me at the the atre one night. I Lad time to write a few verses only, and since then I have been out of town, and I have been learning to cook t.nd I have had other writing to do. It was not until Sunday evening that I found time to finish that poem. There were people here until 10:30, but when I was able to sit down at my writing table the stanzas came as fresh and as naturally as if the thought h.idn't been interrupted for weeks in finding expression." Eliza Putnam Heaton in Buf falo News. The Immortal Texan. Sam Houston was not rendered so cynical by his first unfortunate venture as to render him unfit for married life, as his more than fifty years of unalloyed happiness in that re lation amply demonstrates. He not only married after becoming a citizen of the re public of Texas, but was a devoted husband and a judicious father, dj-ing in the midst of his family in 1802. One of his sons inherited a considerable share of the father's sturdi ness and talents. To illustrate Houston's devotion to his second and real wife, the following incident was related to the writer of this by an old Washington habitue and journalist, who knew him well dui'ing his senatorship lS4o-59. Houston was know to be intensely fond of amusements, but no friends could in duce him to attend the theatre, circus or a public ball Being rallied on his "Puritan Um" by Mr. Clay, the old hero of San Ja jinto quietly replied : "lam not personally jf opinion that there is anything wrong in those recreations; but my wife is a deeply re ligious woman; sha is most strenuously op posed to the theatre, etc., and though she has never even hinted that she would rather I should avoid such places, yet, knowing her sentiments, I think 1113' foregoing so momen tary a pleasure but a small cross for me to bear to insure her more perfect happiness." Chattanooga Times. A Letter Carrier's Walk. I have often been asked to explain how a let ter carrier walks along, apparently with ease, at a rapid gait over slippery ground, and runs up and down icy front steps, while other folks are barely able to keep their footing while they creep along in rubbers or with a set of thoc-e steel prong nuisances fastened to their shoes. The carriers soon learn to walk over slippery places without falling because we have so much of it to do, and experience has taught us how we should handle our bod ies and legs when on dangerous ground. When passing over sleety places we don't walk erect, but bend forward, taking short steps and never letting one foot get far away from the other. Then, when we step, the foot is put down solidly, all of it at once, on the ground, with no heel and toe movement, which leads to slips and falls. It's not grace ful, this way of walking, but it's safe, and I can pass any ordinary pedestrian on a slip pery day and be in no danger of falling, while he is constantly slipping. Carrier in Globe-Democrat. Mississippi's Agricultural College. The farm of the Mississippi Agricultural college not only pays expenses, but is a source of revenue. What is more, the land ij c-nstauily improving. The farm was an old cotton plantation that had been devoted to raising one crop so long that it had be come practically unproductive. By adopt ing a system of iXtation, keeping dairy cows, and plowing under green crops, the land has become very productive. Chicago Times. The Rogues Gallery to be Strengthened by a Curious Device. Criminals throughout the city may be dis pleased to learn that the officers of the Cen tral office are studying up a new system that promises to aid the bluecoats in detecting and identif"ing thieves of high and low degree. It is known as the anthropometric system, and has been brought to the attention of a noted detective of Joliet. The word comes from two Greek words, and it means having reference to the measurement of human beings. The police are now compelled to trust entirely to the Rogues' Gallery for means of identification. The new system is intended as an addition to the gallery. At police headquarters there are half a dozen photographs of a noted burglar now at liberty. No two of these pictures are alike, and that fact is made the basis of an asser tion that it is sometimes impossible to identify the original of a picture. The new sj-stem consists in merely collecting a carefully taken measurement of certain parts of criminal's bodies. In future, when a dangerous suspect is ar rested, a registry will be taken of the width and length of his head, the length of his left forearm, the length and breadth of his left foot, the length of the little and middle fin gers of both hands, the length of kis right ear, size of his mouth, a description of hi? nose and eyes, the size of his chest while standing, the length of his body while seated, the length of his legs and entire body, the size of his neck, the full stretch of his arms, and the breadth of his back from shoulder to shoulder. Particular attention will be paid to deformities, marks or scars. All the measurements will be taken with graduated rules, caliper compasses and one or two other trustworthy instruments. The record will be kept in a book, which will contain printed directions and a formula for the ex aminer. The police think it a gruat innovation. They say these measurements will be found perfectly trustworthy, as a man's figure and general profile rarely changes after maturity. The innovation is the property of M. Pestil lon, and was first introduced at the Prison congress in Rome two years ago. New York Mail and Express. Taper to Wrap Turkeys In. "I deal almost entirely in grocers' brown paper," said a Duane street paper merchant to the ubiquitous reporter. "Most of the paper mills are situated in the New England states, but a great quantity of paper is manufac tured throughout New York state, especially along the eastern border." "What is the paper made out off queried the reporter. "Straw and water. Almost any kind of straw will answer, and I think that corn stalks have also been pressed into service, although the paper made from this material was inferior in quality. Flail threshed wheat or rye straw, well bound, is preferred. In the manufacture of paper the straw is un bound and laid closely in hugs vats. Lime is sprinkled over every layer, and when the vats are full, lime water is thrown over the whole. Steam is then turned on at the bot tom of the vats, and the straw is allowed to cook until it is thoroughly purified. It is then passed through a large revolving washer and cleansed from the lime and other impuri ties. The straw, or what is left of it, is next passed through grinders, which reduce it to a pulp, when it is let down into a large tank under the floor. "The pulp is now pumped up, and is ready to pass over the machine. It is first thinned with water, if the paper is intended to be light, and then is transferred to the 'first felt' by means of a revolving wire cylinder." "What do you mean by the 'first felt? " "Oh, it's the finest kind of a woolen felting which carries the pulp through any number of rollers. From the first felt it is trans ferred to the second and third felts, each of which is coarser than the first. By the time the pulp has passed over the third felt the water is pretty well squeezed out of it, and the damp paper is able to support its own weight as it passes over a space of about three feet to the 'dryers.' These are big, hol low iron cylinders five feet in diameter and heated b3 steam. They are usually seven in number, anS by the time the damp paper passes over them and through a set of smoothing calendars, it is thoroughly dry and is then wound up oa reels. "It is now in one long sheet about four and 1 half or five feet wide. The paper on four md sometimes five reels is unreeled and cut and counted. Finishers then take the paper, fold and tie it. After being tied up into bundles it is pressed, and is then ready for the market." New York Press. ' Mummies Dirt Cheap. Dr. J. A. S. Grant Bey, of Cairo, Egypt, has spent twenty-five years in the land of the Pharaohs and speaks all the languages of that polyglot country. In order to instruct the native doctors, two years ago he started in Arabic medical paper, which has met with success. For years he has devoted his time to the study of archaeology, and has ircassed enough Egyptian gods, from Horus and Osiris down, to nearly fill the Metropol itan Museum of Art. The mummies of i Egypt, he said, were now dirt cheap, owing to recent discoveries. Ihey sold from $10 to $20 each, the price depending chiefly on their state of preservation. He brought over a mummified hawk as a curiosity and presented it to the Smithsonian Institution Scientists, who formerly paid high prices for fine, first class mummies, of late years, the doctor said, purchased very few. The cheap mummies were bought principally by the asrents for museums." New York Com mercial Advertiser. Ailments of Nervous Subjects. Some affect to believe that nervous sub jects feign their ailments for the purpose of attracting attention and sympathy. It is quite true they frequently exaggerate their sufferings, but that is no excuse for denying their existence. Besides, it is natural to ex aggerate a grievance so long as it remains unrecognized. Others admit the reality of the diseased sensations, but maintain that the only way to abolish them is by means of reason. They hold that nervous persons ought to be taught to control their nerves by their reason, and they insist that "plain speaking" is the strongest aid to recovery. Their experience seems to corroborate this opinion. The sufferers cease 'to complain to them, so they fancy that their "plain speak ing" has effected a cure. This fancy is, how ever, very far from the fact, which is that the patients have transferred their com plaints to a more sympathetic ear. Nine teenth Century. A Remarkable Case. Under the above heading the "Don caster Reporter" of July 0, 1SS7, pub lishes the following in its editorial col umns : Our readers may recall the circumstance of a young clerk, named Arthur Richoid, falling insensible on the Wheatley Lane in this town some time ago, and being picked up, as he continued perfectly helpless, and taken in a cab by two gentlemen to the office of F. W. Fisher, Esq., the solicitor who ernploj-ed him. On restoring him to consciousness it was ascertained that he was afflicted with what seemed to be an incurable disease. When he was able to speak he said he had been to his dinner and was on his way back to his work, when suddenly his head was in a whirl and he fell in the street like a man who is knocked down. On coming to his senses in the solicitor's office he thought what this might mean, and feared he was going to have a fit of illness, which we all know is a very dreadful thing for a poor man with a family to care for. With this in his mind he at once sought the best medical advice, telling the doctors how he had been attacked. They ques tioned him, and found that his present malady was exhaustion of the nervous system, resulting from general debility, indigestion and .dyspepsia of a chronic nature. This in turn had been caused by confinement to his desk and grief at the loss of dear friends by death. The coming on of this strange disease, as described by Mr. Richoid, must be of interest both to sick and well. He had noticed for several years previously, in fact, that his eyes and face began to have a yellow look; there was a sticky and unpleasant slime on the gums and teeth in the morning; the tongue coated ; and the bowels so bound and costive that it induced that most pain ful and troublesome ailment the piles. He says there was some pain in the sides and back and a sense of fullness on the right side, as though the liver were enlarg ing, which proved to be a terrible fact. The secretions from the kidneys would be scanty and high-coloredi with a kind of gritty or saiuty deposit after standing. These things had troubled Mr. Richoid a long time, and after his fall in the street he clearly perceived that his fit of giddi ness was nothing more than a Sign of the stead3T and deadly advance of the com plaint, which began in indigestion and dys pepsia. His story of how he went from one physician to another in search of .a cure that his wife anil little ones might not come to want is very pathetic and touching. Finally he became too ill to keep his situation and had to give it up. This was a sad calamity. lie was appalled to think of how he should be able to live. But God raised up friends who helped to keep the wolf from the door. He then went to the seaside at Walton on-the-Naze, but neither the change, nor the physicians who treated him there, did any good. All being without avail he visited London, with a sort of vague hope tiat some ad vantage might happen to him in the me tropolis. This was in October, 1SS.3. Low wonderful, indeed, are the ways of Providence, which dashes down our high est lio;)es and then helps us when we least expect it. While in London he stated his condition to a friend, who strongly advised him to try a medicine which he called Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup, saying it was gen uine and honest, and often cured when everthing else had failed, lie bought a bottle of a chemist in Pimlico, and began 1 using it according to the directions, lie did this without any iv.lth or hope, and the public may, therefore, judge of his surprise and pleasure when after taking a few doses he felt great relief. He could eat better, his food distressed him less, the symptoms we have named abated, the dark spots which had floated before his eyes like smuts of soot gradually disap peared, and his strength increased. Before this time his knee would knock together whenever he tried to walk. So encouraged was he now that he kept 011 using Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup until it ended in completely curing Imn. In speaking of rus wonderful recovery Mr. Richoid says it made him think of poor Robinson Crusoe, and his deliver ance from captivity on his island in the sea; and added, "But for Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup the grass would now be growing over my grave." Our readers can rest assured of the strict truth of all the statements in this most re markable case, as Mr. Richoid (now resid ing at Swiss Cottage, Walton-on-the-Naze,) belongs to one of the oldest and most re spected families in the beautiful vii' "ge of Long Melford, Suffolk, and his personal character is attested by so high an au thority as the Rev. C. J. Martyn. We have deemed the case of such importance to the public as to justify us in giving this short account of it in our columns. Bone Meal! Bone. Meal BONE MEAL (WARRANTED PUREI.FROJI the Manufactory of BUCK & AfeHLAND ban Francisco. Orders foi this Celebrated Fertilizer will now be received by the undersigned. Planters are requested to send their orders in early, so that there will be no delay in having them tilled in ime for the planting season. Also, Super- Phosphates, A Fine Fertilizer for Cane. Politeness in the Rockies. Eastern Lady' (traveling in Montana) The idea of calling this the "Wild West." Why I never saw such perfect politeness anywhere. Native We're allers perlite to ladio, marm. "Oh, as for that, there is plenty of polite ness everywhere, but I am referring to the men. Why in New York the men behave horridly to one another, but here they all treat each other as delicately as gentlemen in a drawing room." j "Yes, marm, it's safer." Occaba World. Ordersreceived in quantities to suit. 2l-wtf VM. G.IRWIN & CO., Agents. S. C. ALL EX, m. p ROBixsny. ALLEN & ROBINSON, AT ROBINSON'S AVI1ARF, DEALERS IN LUMBER and all kinds of BUILDING MATERIALS, Paints, Oils, Nails, etc., etc. AGENT FOR SCHOOJf ER9 KULAMANU. KEKAULUOAI, MART ELLEN, PAUAIII, FAIRY QUEEN UILAMA LEAHI; Honolulu, HawalianIalands. SO-wti rnmT) A"DAT 7 W A AT Meat Company, SI IIX STREET, G. J. WALLER, MANAGER. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL BUTCHERS AND Navv Contractors. MOTHER SEIGEL'S OPERATING PILLS -FOR- CONSTIPATION Sluggish Liver, ETC., ETC., ETC., TTNLIKE many kinds of cathartic medicines, co not make you feel worse before you feel better. Their op eration is gentle, but thorough, and unattended with disagreeable effects, such as nausea, griping pains, etc. Seigel's Operating Pills are the best family phsic that has ever been discov ered. They cleanse the bowels from all irritating substances, and leave them in a healthy condition. The best remedy extant for the bane of our lives constipation and sluggish liver. These Tills prevent fevers and all kinds of sickness, by removing all pois onous matter from the bowels. They operate briskly, yet mildly, without anv pain. If you take a severe cold, and are threatened with a fever, with pains in the head, back, and limbs, one or two doses of Seigel's Operating Pills will break up the cold and prevent the fever. A coated tongue, with a brackish taste, is cause ! by foul matter in the stomach. A few doses of Seigel's Operating Pills will cleanse the stom ach, remove the bad taste, and restore the appetite, r,nd with it bring good health. Oftentimes disease, or partially de cayed food, causes sickness, nausea and diarrhoea. If the bowels are cleansed from this impurity with a dose of Seigel's Operating Pills, these disa greeable effects will vanish, and good health will result. Seigel's Operating Pills prevent ill-effects from excess in eating or drink ing. A good dose at bedtime renders a person fit for business in the morning. These Pills, being sugar-coated, are pleasant to take. The disagreeable taste common to most pills is obviated. Tor Sale ly nil Chemists, Druggists ami Medicine Vendors. A. J. IMITO PROPRIETORS : VHITR II HI 1 JLJXiJXX JL UU S. BOTH, MERCHANT TAILOR, 83 Fort St., Honolulu, II. I. 84-wtt HOLLISTER & CO., Druggists and Tobacconists, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. 59 Nnnann Street, and cor. Fort fc Merchant Sts, 83 wtf ibfrtistmtnis. Sonerai! IS TFR IN THE x-rxxjr ISLAND -0- I'JJJJLISIttEW ETEBY MOItAIAG. -o- Office, 40 and 48 Merchant Street, Honolulu -:o.- THE ADVERTISER Represents the Interests of the Politician, the Merchant, tl Planter, the Storekeeper, the Lawyer, the Workman, and, i fact, all Chisses of the Community. THE ADYEETISEE Has for many years been noted for its Reports of Legislativ Proceedings, Important Law Cases, etc. These are recorded Verbatim when the importance of the occasion warrants it. 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