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il PAdlFtC COMMERCIAL ADYEfflFIBBH, MABOH i88a. GEORGE M. PULLMAN. THE STORY OF THE MODERN PAL ACE CAR RETOLD. First Experiments Made on the Alton Road Beginning of the Palace Car. Uuildlng or the "Pioneer" Railroad Men Iangh Cutting: Platforms. George M. Pullman was born in Brocton, Chautauqua county, and his birth year 1831. He lived in Brocton fourteen years and then moved to Albion, where he also resided four teen years. At Albion he became acquainted with Senator Ben Field, a member of the state senate in 1854-6. Mr. Field was inter ested in legislation concerning sleeping car fares, and the Woodruff Sleeping Car com pany, in acknowledgment of his interest in their behalf, had given him the right to run their sleepers on a couple of western roads. While Mr. Pullman was in Chicago in 1859 he was called upon by Senator Field with a request for several loans, and out of theae ac commodations an arrangement grew between them to run sleeping cars on the Alton road, Pullman to pay the senator, who had secured the right to run the cars, half of the prospec tive earnings. Matters went on in this way for a short time, and meanwhile Field, who had no business tact, lost his sleeping car ser vice on the other two western roads which had been given him. One day he came to Mr. Pullman and told him that he had an op portunity to buy back the privileges on the other roads, and that he would like to sell his half interest in the copartnership line to Mr. Pullman. A bargain was struck, and Mr. Pullman paid his partner $2,500. This was at the opening of the war, when the night trains on the Alton road had been taken off by the superintendent, who was a sympathizer with the south, and who thought that before the war was over grass would grow in the streets of the north. The outlook for the Al ton road was very dubious. It is a singular illustration of Mr. Pullman's good fortune that he had hardly concluded the purchase of his partrer's half interest before business be ceie sc good that the night trains were started again and the sleeping car business began at one to make returns. These sleep ing cars on the Alton road, with which Mr. Pullman's first experiments were tried, were simply two ordinary passenger coaches, which he had changed into the cemmonest kind of sleeping cars at slight expense. Fifty cents was charged for a berth, and the first night, four berths were sold. About this time the Pike's peak fever set in, and Mr. Pullman gravitated west and spent two or three years at Pike's peak. He returned in 1864 and again took up his sleeping car pro ject. BEGINNING OF THE PALACE CAR. In 1S64 Mr. Pullman, who had been giving the sleeping car business close attention, and who had become deeply interested in the thought that there was a wide field for in ventive genius in that direction, met a master car builder of the Alton railroad, who was an old friend, and paid him $100 a month to take in charge the construction of a model car. He obtained the privilege of using a shed of the Alton railroad in its yard at Chi cago, and told the builder what sort of a car he wanted. The great question with him was how to have an upper and lower berth that would be comfortable. They were at that time the merest makeshifts to afford a night's rest. Mr. Pullman determined that the new car should be the handsomest ever made. Heretofore a sleeping car had cost not more than $4,000 or $4,500. Looking the matter over and wondering how he could ar range two berths that would be roomy, com fortable and convenient, he was perplexed as to the disposition of the mattresses. At that time all the mattresses were put away in one section during the daytime. In fact, the early sleeping cars were simply used for night cars and not run in the daytime. Mr. Pullman's idea was to have a car that could be run on long trips either as a day or a night car. "With this object in view he started to build the "Pioneer." He found the mattresses could not be put on the floor because of the dust and discomfort. There was no place between the windows, and he finally said to his car builder, "Why not binge an upper berth near the roof and put the mattresses in it when the berth is closed during the daytime V1 The car builder re plied at once that the car was not high enough and that the space would be too small. This was before cars were built with raised "decks" or roofs. "Then," said Mr. Pullman, "why not raise the car?" The outcome of this con versation was a direction that plans should be drawn for & car as wide and as high as would be necessary to get in two berths, in cluding one hinged to the upper side of the 3ar. The plan was accurately drawn for a ar one foot wider and two and one-half feet higher than any car that had heretofore been built in this country. RAILROAD MEN LAUGH. Of course railroad men who heard of Mr. Pullman's plans smiled, and said that if Mr. Pullman was a railroad man he would know better than to pursue his impracticable propo sitions; that he he would only meet disaster ind lose all that he had. But his conviction was strong and clear, and with that pluck ind audacity which have always charac terized his clear sighted business policy, he went ahead and the car was built. The next question was the decoration of it. Mr. Pull man determined that it should be the hand somest car in all respects that ever had been aiade in the country. He came on to New York and there happened to meet the artist who had just decorated the house of Samuel J. Tilden. He at once closed with this artist, took him west and set him at work decorating the car. When the Pioneer was finished it had cost the extraordinary sum of $18,000, a large price even now for a sleeping car. It was a wonder to everybody. It was just as Mr. Pullman had expected. The beauty of the Inish and the marvelous innovation he had aiade were advertised far and near by the newspapers and by railroad men, and some )f the latter began to believe that the ideas af the inventor after all were practicable. The Pioneer was in process of building for a whole year. The assassination of Lincoln oc curring at this time, it was suggested that the Pioneer be used in the funeral train, and it was run from Springfield to Chicago on the Alton road. As had been predicted when the rr wt i built, it was too wide to run on the roe is as then constructed. It was neces iary Tor the Alton road to send along its line md cut off the platforms that projected, and to make numerous changes at stations so that the car, with its width of an additional foot, sould pass. Thus the railroads had to make way for the improvements that the convenience of the traveling public demanded. Everywhere the beauty of the Pioneer was talked of, and it was not strange that soon after, when Ge. Grant came home, the use of the car was asked to convey the great hero from Detroit to Galena. The Michigan Central railroad was compelled to do precisely what the Alton road did cut its platforms, and in other ways make way for the car and from this time on the railroads prepared themselves for the new palace car. "J. A. in Albany Journal. It pear like de meanes' men has de inos s 'fluence ober de bes' women. A Remarkable Case. Under the above heading the 'Don caster Reporter" of July 6, 1887, pub lishes the following in its editorial col umns: Our readers may recall the circumstance of a young clerk, named Arthur Richold, falling insensible on the Wheatley Lane in this town some time ago, and being picked up, as he continued perfectly helpless, and taken in a cab by two gentlemen to the office of F. W. Fisher, Esq., the solicitor who emplojred him. On restoring him to consciousness it was ascertained that he was afflicted with what seemed to be an incurable disease. When he was able to speak he said he had been to his dinner and was on his way back to his work, when suddenly his head was in a whirl and he fell in the street like a man who is knocked down. On coming to his senses in the solicitor's office he thought what this might mean, and feared he was going to have a fit of illness, which we all know is a very dreadful thing for a poor man with a family to care for. With this in his mind he at once sought the best medical advice, telling the doctors how he had been attacked. They ques tioned him, and found that his present malady was exhaustion of the nervous system, resulting from- general debility, indigestion and dyspepsia of a chronic nature. This in turn had been caused by confinement to his desk and grief at the loss of dear friends by death. The coming on of this strange disease, as described by Mr. Richold, must be of interest both to sick and well. He had noticed for several years previously, in fact, that his eyes and face began to have a yellow look; there was a sticky and unpleasant slime on the gums and teeth in the morning; the tongue coated ; and the bowels so bound and costive that it induced that most pain ful and troublesome ailment the piles. He says there was some pain in the sides and back and a sense of fullness on the right side, as though the liver were enlarg ing, which proved to be a terrible fact. The secretions from the kidneys would be scanty and high-coloredi with a kind of gritty or sandy deposit after standing. These things had troubled Mr. Richold a long time, and after his fall in the street he clearly perceived that his fit of giddi ness was nothing more than a sign of the steady and deadly advance of the com plaint, which began in indigestion and dys pepsia. His story of how he went from one physician to another in search of a cure that his wife and little ones might not come to want is very pathetic and touching. Finally he became too ill to keep his situation and had to give it up.. This was a sad calamity. He was appalled to think of how he should be able to live. But God raised up friends who helped to keep the wolf from the door. He then went to the seaside at Walton on-the-Naze, but neither the change, nor the physicians who treated him there, did any good. All being without avail he visited London, with a sort of vague hope that some ad vantage might happen to him in the me tropolis. This was in October, 1885. How wonderful, indeed, are the ways of Providence, which dashes down our high est hopes and then helps us when we least expect it. While in London he stated his condition to a friend, who strongly advised him to try a medicine which he called Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup, saying it was gen uine and honest, and often cured when everthing else had failed. He bought a bottle of a chemist in Pimlico, and began using it accord to the directions. He did this without any faith or hope, and the public may, therefore, judge of his surprise and pleasure when after taking a few doses he felt great relief. He could eat better, his food distressed him less, the symptoms we have named abated, the dark spots which had floated before his eyes like smuts of soot gradually disap peared, and his strength increased. Before this time his knees would knock together whenever he tried to walk. So encouraged was he now that he kept on using Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup until it ended in completely curing him. In speaking of his wonderful recovery Mr. Richold says it made him think of poor Robinson Crusoe, and his deliver ance from captivity on his island in the sea; and added, "But for Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup the grass would now be growing over my grave." Our readers can rest assured of the strict truth of all the statements in this most re markable case, as Mr. Richold (now resid ing at Swiss Cottage, Walton-on-the-Naze.) belongs to one of the oldest and most re spected families in the beautiful village of Long Melford, Suffolk, and his personal character is attested by so high an au thority as the Rev: C. J. Martyn. We have deemed the case of such importance to the public as to justify us in giving this short account of it in our columns. Bone Meal! 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Oftentimes disease, or partially de cayed food, causes sickness, nausea and diarrhoea. If the bowels are cleansed from this impurity with a dose of Seigel's Operating Pills, these disa greeable effects will vanish, and good health will result. Seigel's Operating Pills prevent ill-effects from excess in eating or drink ing. A good dose at bedtime renders a person fit for business in the morning. These Pills, being sugar-coated, are pleasant to take. . The disagreeable taste common to most pills is obviated. For Bale by all Chemists, Druggists and Medicine Vendors. A. J. umm PROPRIETORS: iVOTTR. I I ill l XI J JJlilll A LiiI f LOlSTIDOISrENG. S. H0TH, LIBRCHAITT TAILOR, 83 Fort St., Honolulu, H. I. 84-wtl HOLLISTER & CO., Druggists and Tobacconists, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. 00 Nnuanu Street, and cor. 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