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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, MARCH 13, i888.
THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser IS PUBLISHED EVKRY MORNING. :o:- TKUMS OF NlTnKCRIPriON. er annum - . - 00 -IK OJOUtllh.. . 3 00 : r montn - . 50c 4-Nnbscri pilous 1'aynble Always In Advance. 'oiniuunk-atlo!is from nil part of the Kingdom iitalwuyi bo very acceptable. Perseus residing in any part of the United States un remit the amount of subscription due by Post raco money order. Matter intended for publication in the editorial ilumus should be addressed to Kditob Pacific C'ovmkbciai. Advkbtiseb Business communications and advertisements tnould be addressed simply P. C Advkbtiskr, and not to individuals T EC 1C Pacific Commercial Advertiser Is now for sale daily at the Following ylaces: i. H. SCPER Merchant str-.t L. 31. HEWET" Merchant street T. G. 'iHRUM ........Fort street Five Cents per Ciy. TUESDAY March 13th COFFEE PLANTING. The prospectus of the Hawaiian Coffee Pantation Company (Limited) has been Hent us, and will receive attention in to morrow's issue. Copies of the prospectus can he obtained at the office of J. E. Brown & Co., Merchant street. THE PARADISE OF THE PACIFIC The current number of this valuable publication is to hand, and its merits are amply maintained. The support ac corded to it by local advertisers, among whom its utility is very generally recog nized, is such as to give promise of per manency. Hitherto the advertisements have been strictly local, but by the steamship Australia leaving to-day Mr. C. J. McCarthy will take his departure for the Coast, where he will act as the duly accredited agent of the paper, and an organized effort will henceforth be put into operation with the view of ob taining support in the States. We understand that all profits will be de voted to extending the circulation. THE PACIFIC CABLE. Mr. Owen Jones, civil engineer, one of the London directors of the Pacific Cable Company, has arrived in the Colonies for the purpose of endeavoring to obtain from the several Governments a subsidy towards laying a telegraphic cable between Vancouver and Australia. Mr. Jones states that the Canadian Government have expressed their readi ness to make a very liberal contribution towards the construction of an American-Australian cable by way of Hono lulu; and the Hawaiian Government have voted $20,000 annually for 21 years towards the same object. The Canadian Pacific Railway Company having agreed to deliver messages from Great Britain to Vancouver at the rate of 8d a word, the Pacific Cable Company propose to forward them on to Australia, the inclu sive rate from Great Britain to Australia to be something under 5s per word, with press rates proportionally low. In con nection with the proposal, it may be mentioned that the Imperial and Do minion Governments have granted a subsidy to the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for a line of steamers from Vancouver to China and Japan, and to carry out this service the company in December last let for three fast steamers, chartered vessels being used in the meantime. The railway company be lieve that at no distant day a similar line of fast steamers will run between Vancouver and Australia, and that the laying of a cable between the two coun tries will expedite that project. CHINESE IN THE COLONIES. On the 17th of February the Premier of South Australia received a telegram at Adelaide from the Governor resident at "arwn stating as follows: "I have learned, to-night that an advertisement will appear in the newspapers here for guides to conduct 300 Chinese to the Macdonnell Range ruby fields. This movement is supported by the Chinese fetorekeepers. 1 think there lias been excessive (Chinese immigration during the lawt two months. This is a serious movement. If lgal means exist it el.ould be stopped. Once landed in the center of Australia they will spread over all the colonies. With regard to Hong kong, I am informed on undoubted au thority that a powerful syndicate of Hongkong and Canton merchants exists to pour Chinese into this port so long as it is open. There appears to be a gen eral impression in China that access to the East is about to be closed, and they are making for Port Darwin in shoals. I am further informed that this Chinese syndicate has guaranteed to the existing 6teamship lines full repayment of all quarantine expenses here, and has informed the heads of companies that if they will not carry Chinese they will la' on steamers loaded with Chinese, and stand all the racket of quarantine expenses. The Chinese question has reached an acute stage, and must be firmly handled. I have by the Changsha a letter from the Acting Attorney Gen eral at Hongkong. He says smallpox is very serious. But is not this from the absence of legislation ? Port Darwin is a port of convenience. I respectfully suggest that the Government should take action, relying upon an indemnity of Parliament, to stop further Chinese immigration, and to prevent any Chi nese from going inland to Central Aus tralia. Please refer to South Australian Chinese bill. Decide if there is not a distance point from Adelaide which can be used." In reply the Premier wired: "The question will be considered by the Cabi net next week. See clause 2 of Act 213 of 18S1. The 1,000-mile limit is between Ten nan t and Barrow's creeks, 230 miles from the ruby fields. In the meantime inform Chinese that a poll tax of .10 will have to be paid on any Chinaman crossing that limit. It will be a ques tion whether we should not insist on payment by their parties on leaving the coast, if any start." The States and the San Francisco Mail Service. A late issue of "Bradstreet's Journal," one of the leading American financial and commercial journals, contains an article showing the views entertained in the States by friends of the service in re gard to its future. It says : There is no doubt but this mail route can be much improved. It is a cheap service when compared with those via the Suez Canal. If as large payments were made for the American service and as long a contract wrere entered into, there is not the least doubt that the Suez service could be equaled or even bettered. If a ten years' contract were given to this line then the steamship company could afford to place faster vessels on the , service, building new ones especially for that purpose, in the same way as their Suez rivals have done. With boats running sixteen knots an hour on the Pacific, a material re duction in time would be made between San Francisco and the Colonies. The recent shortening of the overland rail road service makes a reduction of more than a day on this continent, and by proper arrangement the connections at New York and San Francisco could be reduced to a minimum. Another change tkat should be made is in forwarding the mails by the fastest Atlantic steam ers, which is not done at present, as the mails are now never less, and generally more, than nine days in transit between London and New York. This could cer tainly be reduced by more judicious se lection of the steamers employed. The main object of a mail service is to insure the speedy delivery of correspon dence. It also promotes trade, and in both of these respects the United States has a large interest at stake. It is well known that our trade relations with the Colonies show a large balance in our favor. It is not, however, so well known that more than half of the mail matter carried by these steamers is American mail, both going to and coming from the Colonies. The present service is assisted to the amout of $20,000 annually by the United States Postal Department, but a further sum of $10,000, making a yearly payment of $30,000 in fill, has been promised. The contributions to the Pa cific steamers amount to nearly $200,000 yearly from the Colonies. It hardly seems fair that we should pay such a comparatively small proportion when more than half the mail matter is to or from the United States, and -our trade relations give us a still greater propor tionate advantage. Another important point is that the steamers employed are American built and owned. If it were not for the facilities afforded by the di rect steam communication, this trade would undoubtedly materially decrease. With the exception of shipments of lum ber and canned goods from the Pacific Coast all our imports are sent from eastern ports by sailing vessels, and here the loss of trade would be felt. In the colonies there has always been a desire to see the duty removed from certain high grades of wool, which would not interfere with the wool production of the country, but which would serve to stimulate our woolen manufacturers. A total abolition of the wool duty, such as has now been recommended by the President, was never expected. If Aus tralian wool be admitted free, then probably, no more will be heard of the parsimony of our postal department in connection with the mail service. It may even transpire that the additional offer of $10,000, to which is attached a condi tional clause that the United States is to have the same rights as the colonies in detaining steamers and imposing fines, will be accepted. But as matters stand at present, we are inclined to believe that the Colonial Governments will not agrea to any such terms for a payment of $30, 000 while they contribute nearly $200, 000, and we get nearly all the trade and more than half of the mail matter. It is now confidently believed that a mail service between Great Britain and her colonies can be arranged for through the United States, which will le quicker even than the service via Suez for Syd ney, Melbourne and Brisbane. The new route proposed is from San Francisco to Honolulu, and thence to Fiji. Here there would be a branch steamer belong ing to a New Zealand company, to carry the mails to Auckland, while the San Francisco boats would go straight on to Sydney. This, it is believed, would prove acceptable to the New Zealand people, as it would assist in extending the trade of their local steamers. It is claimed that by this means, in conjunc tion with quick American overland serv ice and the fastest Atlantic steamers, mails could be delivered in both Auck land and Sydney within thirty days from London, while Melbourne and Bris bane, through the Australian railroad service, would be within thirty-one days communication with England. If this can be accomplished, and there seems to be no reason why it should not be, then there would be four colonies interested in the San Francisco mail service, instead of two as at present. Victoria and Queensland would both contribute to wards the expense, and there should be no difficulty in making arrangements for a lengthened service which would be an inducement for steamship owners to build faster vessels than those that are at present employed. There has been frequent complaints of delays to the mails between New York and San Fran cisco, and if no appropriation can be made by the United States postal depart" ment in proportion to the benefits we de rive, it should at least be seen that any obstacles to quick transportation across the continent are immediately removed. SVdtwttseninits PROGRAMME OF THE Target Practice OF THE Hawaiian Rifle Association To be held at their Range on King Street, opposite the Government Nursery, SATURDAY, MARCH 17 At 10 O'clock A. M. Sharp. I. GOLD MEDAL. Valued at $100. Competitors limited to members of the Association. Conditions To become the nroperty for the highest ag gregate score at 200, 400, 500, 600 yards. Ten rounds at each distance. Any military rifle under the rules. Entrance fee $2. II. GOLD MEDAL. Valued at $80. Competitors limited to members of the Association. Conditions To become the property of the highest scorer at 200 yards. Ten rounds. Any mil itary rifle under the rules. Entrance fee $1 50. Entries unlimited. III. GOLD PURSE. Given byJJ.W.Carlin, Lieut. U.S.S. Vandalia Valued $75. Competitors limited to mem bers of the Association. Conditions Any military rifle under the rules. Ten rounds at 200, 400 and 500 yards. To be the pro perty of the winner provided his score at the three ranges amounts to 132. Ties to be shot off at 600 yards. Twenty rounds. En trance fee $1. IV. SECOND CLASS SILVER MEDAL. Valued $25. Competitors limited to members of the Association. Conditions Any rifle under the rules. Ten rounds. Dis tance 200 yards, who have not made over 75 per cent, at any regular meeting of the H. R. A. Entrance fee $1. Entries unlimited. V. CITIZENS' MATCH. Some very valuable prizes and a prize for everybody. " Any rifle. Distance 200 yards, the highest score to take his choice. No one allowed to take two prizes. Entrance fee $1. Entries unlimited. The following persons will not be allowed to take part in the Citizens' Match: J. BrpVde, M. D., W. Unger, J. Rothwell, C. B. Wilson, F. Hustace, J. H. Fisher, W. C. King, C. H. Nicoll, J. W. Pratt, C. W. Ash ford, F. J. Higgins and E. Hingly. J. BRODIE, M. D. C. H. Nicoll, President. Secretary. tf FERTILIZERS. FOR PLANTATIONS, GARDENS, LAWNS. ETC. For sale by HANSON & SMYTH. We are now prepared to receive all orders for the above Fertllzerof a superior quality, thoroughly cured and warranted one of the best articles of the kind in the market. Orders may be left with I.L. B. HANSON, 200 Queen street, to. M. SMITH, Hawaiian Hotel Stable. Hawaiian Coffee Plantation Company. COPIES OF THE PROSPECTUS OF THE Hawaiian Coffee Plantation Company can be had on apUcation of J. E. BROWN & CO., real estate agents, llerchant street, Honolulu. Australian Mail Service. Km FOR SAN FRANCISCO. rhe new and fine Al steel steamship " ZEALANDI " ji the Oceanic Steamship Company, will be due at Honolulu from Sydney and Auckland on or about April 8th, 1888, An will leave for the abeve port with mails and passengers on or about that date. For freight or passage, having SUPERIOR ACCOMMODATIONS, apply to Win. (j. Irwin & Co., AGENTS. For Sydney and Auckland. .3Wtrttsemems. LARGE IMPOETAr o F no ILKS! SILKS! SU Direct From 3?a,ris5 ISTow Oi AT THE P The new and tine Al steel steamship ALAMEDA. Of the Oceanic steamship Company, will be due at Honolulu from San Francisco or or about March 15, 1888.. And will have prompv di3patcn with malls an asseners for the above ports. For freight or passage, having SUPERIOR AC COMMODATIONS, apply to Win. (x. Irwin & Co., AGENTS TARO FLOUR FACTORY, Wailiiku, Maui, COMMENCED OPERATIONS ON THURSDAY, May 26th, and are now prepared to supply TARO FLOUR in any quantities. AVith new and improved machinery and other apparatus, the present Manager guarantees to supply Taro Flour that will make a better class of Poi than ever produced. All orders to be sent to W. H. CUMMIN3, Manager, at the Factory, Wailuku, Maui ; or to W. G. IRWIN & CO., Agents, Honolulu. 657may27tfdw opular Millinery H, 104z Fort St., Honolulu. N. S. SACHS, PEOPKIETOft Black Gros Grain Silk, Black Iiliadama Silk, White and Cream renin Tricot Silks and Satins Also, a Fine Assortment of Handsome Enibroiileml 131 ack Cashmere Shawls and gc VERY RICH AND STYLISH. C7"These Goods are DIRECT FROM PARIS, and will lijj tionally LOW PRICES. 1876. GEO W. LINCOLN. 4 BUILDER. 75 and 77 Kin" Street, - IToi Hell Telephone No. 275. 10. Mutual Telephone S PACIFIC Commercial Advertisei STKAM BOOK AND JOB FEINTING OFFICE In prepared to do all kinds o Commercial & Lega! Work Having just Received ajJOomplote and; Ntw Assortment of Job Types and Ornaments Of the Latest Styles, from the most Cel brated Foundries of the United States, and employing only Experienced and i'astv Workmen, we are prepared to turn out Co u tracts, Bfortj?aijre Ulnuks, Leases, Shipping Contracts. (In Hawaiian fc English) Calendars, Blank necks, Order, Receipts, Marriage Certificates, Diplomas, Catalogues, JO HN NOTT Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping OvOds, Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron J f77 H. E. Mclntyre & JBro., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions and Fe m EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. New Uoods received by every pacRet from the Eastern States and Europe, rw Produce by every steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and (Joods delivered ton;P city free of charge. Island orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. I'ostoffice Telephone No. 92 Blotting fails Letter Head. Bill Heads. Circulars. Note Heads. Statements, Bills of Lading, Stek Certificate. Business Cards. Meal Checks, Milk Tickets. Eanb Checks And in fact everything which a first-class office can do. MAMMOTH SHIPMENT II AY AND GRAIN, Just received and for Sale at LOWEST MARKET TRICE. UNION FEED CO., IO. F00K LUN & CO., 113 Nuuanu Street. IMPORTERS EANDfcDEALERS IN i Chinese & Japanese Goods, Fir Crackers, New Designs In Cups and Sanre s. Tea, Cigars, and all kinds of Fancy Goods. TO SUBSCRIBES ..tmnmnmm rrn TTfV PACIFIC O CIAL ADVERTISER wbo fail to ' papers regularly are requested w tne lact to tne oriice wnuuu epbone No. 78. . nsroTicK. ESSKS. J. E. BROWN CO- fit 4 .ll.t aiiliRCrll't'0".'!) ill iu vi.-.. T ..i-v i;Tl Honolulu, January 17, M NOTICE TO ARRIVE BY Regular shir ments by every steamer. POST OFFICE BOX NO. 255. S. S. Australia V Apples, Sweet and Baking. Pears. Prunes. Jams Canned Fruits. Potatoes, Onions. Garlic. CalM" Walnuts, Hazel Nuts. Tlian Chestnuts- Aim1 We have now a steam nut chine in full running order. ?-Twenty-five extra turkeys on hand. California Fruit